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Ajith Thekkuttuparambil Ananthanarayanan - - 2014
Context • According to the mitochondrial mutation theory of aging, the impairment of mitochondrial functions and decline of cellular bioenergetics are induced by highly reactive oxygen species (ROS). Supplementation with antioxidants may protect mitochondria against respiration-linked oxidative stress and reduce decay by preserving genomic and structural integrity. Several clinical studies ...
Buchheit Martin M Football Performance and Science Dept, ASPIRE Academy for Sports Excellence, Doha, - - 2014
The aims of the current study were to examine the magnitude of between-GPS-models differences in commonly reported running-based measures in football, examine between-units variability, and assess the effect of software updates on these measures. Fifty identical-brand GPS units (15 SPI-proX and 35 SPI-proX2, 15 Hz, GPSports, Canberra, Australia) were attached ...
Arnau Jaime J Universidad de - - 2014
Background: This study examined the independent effect of skewness and kurtosis on the robustness of the linear mixed model (LMM), with the Kenward-Roger (KR) procedure, when group distributions are different, sample sizes are small, and sphericity cannot be assumed. Methods: A Monte Carlo simulation study considering a split-plot design involving ...
Inoue Taisuke T Department of Surgery, Teikyo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, - - 2014
A 54-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with severe nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. He had had laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y reconstruction and tube jejunostomy for gastric cancer 2 years earlier. Abdominal CT revealed that the duodenum and upper jejunum were markedly dilated and that the dilated jejunum ...
Curthoys Ian S IS Vestibular Research Laboratory, School of Psychology, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, - - 2014
Extracellular single neuron recording and labelling studies of primary vestibular afferents in Scarpa's ganglion have shown that guinea-pig otolithic afferents with irregular resting discharge are preferentially activated by 500 Hz bone-conducted vibration (BCV) and many also by 500 Hz air-conducted sound (ACS) at low threshold and high sensitivity. Very few afferent neurons ...
Ichijima Hideji H GPR & Research Department (H.I., K.M.), Menicon Co, Ltd, Nagoya, Japan; Shimamoto Eye Clinic (S.S., Y.A.), Fukui, Japan; and Department of Ophthalmology (H.D.C.), University of Texas, Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, - - 2014
To conduct a survey of contact lens (CL) wearers who use their CLs with satisfaction in Japan and to establish the actual circumstances of CL use. An Internet survey was conducted in 1,000 CL wearers in Japan with questionnaires concerning CL purchase/change, compliance with the duration of wear, and occurrence ...
Hoos Olaf O Faculty of Philosophy II, Julius Maximilians University Wuerzburg, Wuerzburg, - - 2014
Purpose: To analyze time-domain, spectral, and fractal properties of speed regulation during half-marathon racing. Methods: In 21 male experienced runners, high-resolution data on speed (V), stride frequency (SF), and stride length (SL) were assessed during half-marathon competition (21,098 m). Performance times, time- and frequency-domain variability, spectral-scaling exponent (beta), and fractal ...
Chenthuran Thurayratnam T Human Genetics Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Colombo, Sri - - 2014
We have previously reported that polymorphism in the epidermal growth factor (EGF) gene is associated with pre-eclampsia and birthweight based on case-control association studies involving two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP). We extended that work to investigate other SNP in the EGF gene for their association with pre-eclampsia and the weight ...
Hunter Lindsay L Physiotherapy Division, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South - - 2014
Context: Iliotibial-band syndrome (ITBS) is a common overuse running injury. There is inconclusive evidence to support current management strategies, and few advances have been made in the past few years. New management approaches should thus be developed and evaluated. Objective: To assess the effects of a real-time running-retraining program on ...
Felton Charlette C Department of Chemistry - - 2014
Abstract Improvements in diagnostic measures for biomedical applications have been investigated in various studies for better interpretations of biological abnormalities and several medical conditions. The use of imaging techniques, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), is widespread and becoming a standard procedure for such specialized applications. A major avenue being ...
Fowler Peter P School of Human Movement Studies, Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, NSW, - - 2014
The current study examined the effects of short-haul air travel on competition performance and subsequent recovery. Six male professional Australian football (soccer) players were recruited to participate in the study. Data were collected from 12 matches, which included 6 home and away matches against the same 4 teams. Together with ...
Maroni Elisa E Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sant'Orsola Malpighi University Hospital, University of Bologna, Bologna, - - 2014
The aim of our study was to assess the sonographic indices of fetal head progression obtained by three-dimensional ultrasound during the second stage of labor in women with and without mobile epidural analgesia. Sonographic volume data sets were obtained with a transperineal approach every 20 min from the beginning of the ...
- - 2014
McMahon MM, Nystrom E, Braunschweig C, Miles J, Compher C, A.S.P.E.N. Board of Directors. A.S.P.E.N. clinical guidelines: nutrition support of adult patients with hyperglycemia. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2013;37:23-36. (Original DOI: 10.1177/0148607112452001).
Rubio Valldolid Gabriel G Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Hospital Universitario 12 de - - 2014
Background: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST) and its effectiveness as a screening tool for problematic alcohol, tobacco and other psychoactive substance use in groups of low, moderate, and high risk users. Methods: A test battery including ...
Normann Nicoline N Department of Psychology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
Metacognitive therapy (MCT) is a relatively new approach to treating mental disorders. The aim of the current meta-analysis was to examine the efficacy of MCT in patients with mental disorders. A comprehensive literature search revealed 16 published as well as unpublished studies on the efficacy of MCT, of which nine ...
Shin Jung Hoon JH Department of Life Sciences, Korea University, Seoul 136-701, - - 2014
CD1 molecules belong to non-polymorphic MHC class I-like proteins and present lipid antigens to T cells. Five different CD1 genes (CD1a-e) have been identified and classified into two groups. Group 1 include CD1a-c and present pathogenic lipid antigens to αβ T cells reminiscence of peptide antigen presentation by MHC-I molecules. ...
Plasschaert Robert N RN Department of Cell & Developmental Biology, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2014
Genes that are subject to genomic imprinting in mammals are preferentially expressed from a single parental allele. This imprinted expression of a small number of genes is crucial for normal development, as these genes often directly regulate fetal growth. Recent work has also demonstrated intricate roles for imprinted genes in ...
Chow Elaine E Department of Cardiovascular Science, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, - - 2014
Recent trials of intensive glycemic control suggest a possible link between hypoglycemia and excess cardiovascular mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes. Hypoglycemia might cause arrhythmias through effects on cardiac repolarization and changes in cardiac autonomic activity. Our aim was to study the risk of arrhythmias during spontaneous hypoglycemia in ...
- - 2014
The managing board of the Breast Imaging Working Group of the German Radiological Society revised the recommendations regarding technique, methods, indications, evaluation, and documentation of MR mammography from the year 2005 1 and adapted them to the improved technical options and the latest scientific knowledge. In relation to technical imaging ...
Nilsson Cecilia C Surgical Department, Nordsjaellands Hospital, Hillerød, - - 2014
The objective was to compare two teaching methods for postpartum hemorrhage management: interactive hands-on training and non-interactive video training. In a controlled intervention study at a secondary health care center in Kenya, the two training methods, based on the Advanced Life Support in Obstetrics curriculum, were evaluated utilizing structured observation ...
Kudva Yogish C YC Corresponding author: Ananda Basu, - - 2014
To provide an understanding of both the preclinical and clinical aspects of closed-loop artificial pancreas systems, we provide a discussion of this topic as part of this two-part Bench to Clinic narrative. Here, the Bench narrative provides an in-depth understanding of insulin-glucose-glucagon physiology in conditions that mimic the free-living situation ...
Freedman Robert R RR From the Departments of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences and Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, - - 2014
An obese, 50-year-old woman complains of hot flashes, poor sleep, snoring, and daytime sleepiness. She states that these problems have bothered her for about 4 years. Her partner recently complained about her snoring and restlessness, prompting this visit. She has become hypertensive. What should she do?
Al-Salem Khalil M KM *Department of Ophthalmology, University of Mutah, Al-Karak, Jordan; and †Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Louisville, Louisville, - - 2014
To compare Mini-Cognitive (Mini-Cog) Screening test results between patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and age-matched controls. Two hundred and twenty-nine patients were included in the study. Patients were divided into 3 groups: 56 patients with exudative AMD, mean age of 76 ± 8 years; 82 patients with dry AMD, ...
Reyes-Méndez Miguel Ángel MÁ Scientific Affairs Abbott - - 2014
Background. Patients exposed to hepatitis C virus (HCV) may develop chronic infection with viremia. The diagnosis of this condition requires the use of several laboratory tests in algorithms tailored to the population and resources available for each laboratory. Aim. We compared the diagnostic efficacy of two diagnostic algorithms for the ...
Brink Michel S MS Center for Human Movement Sciences, University of Groningen, Groningen, The - - 2014
Purpose: The aim of the current study was to investigate and compare coaches' and players' perceptions of training dose for a full competitive season. Methods: Session rating of perceived exertion (RPE), duration, and training load (session RPE × duration) of 33 professional soccer players (height 178.2 ± 6.6 cm, weight ...
Beck Roy W RW Corresponding author: Roy W. Beck, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE To assess the effect of overnight insulin pump suspension in an automated predictive low glucose suspend system on morning blood glucose and ketone levels in an attempt to determine whether routine measurement of ketone levels is useful when a closed-loop system that suspends insulin delivery overnight is being used. ...
Abrahams Shameemah S UCT/MRC Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South - - 2014
Purpose: Endurance-running performance and joint range of motion (ROM) are both multifactorial phenotypes. A single-nucleotide polymorphism, rs172722 (C/T), in the COL5A1 3-untranslated region (UTR) was shown to independently associate with both phenotypes. Two major functional forms of the COL5A1 3-UTR have been identified and differ by 7 tightly linked polymorphisms ...
Nishida Ryutaro R Center for Perinatal Medicine, Hokkaido University Hospital, Sapporo, - - 2014
There has been only one case to date of pregnancy outcome after fundal transverse cesarean section (FTC). We report a pregnancy established after FTC. The FTC was performed at gestational week (GW) 24 in this patient's first pregnancy, but the uterus was preserved. Magnetic resonance imaging studies performed four times ...
Urra Portillo Javier J CES Cardenal - - 2014
Background: The Resistance to trauma Test: TRauma is an instrument designed to assess six dimensions involving personal strengths or resources that promote coping with difficult life situations. In addition, an overall score is obtained that is conceptually equivalent to the concept of resilience. The aim of this study was to ...
Fang Liu L Institute of Hematology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430022 P. R. - - 2014
Introduction. The diagnosis of malignant ascites is a challenging problem in clinical practice, non-invasive techniques should be developed to improve diagnostic accuracy. The diagnostic performances of tumor markers in malignant ascites remained unsettled. Our aim was to evaluate diagnostic performance of tumor markers in differential diagnosis of benign and malignant ...
Raz Itamar I Corresponding author: Itamar Raz, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE To evaluate safety and efficacy of DiaPep277 in preserving β-cell function in type 1 diabetic patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS DIA-AID 1 is a multinational, phase 3, balanced-randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group clinical study. Newly diagnosed patients (N = 457, aged 16-45 years) were randomized to subcutaneous injections of DiaPep277 ...
Goda Kenichi K Department of Endoscopy, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, - - 2014
Barrett's esophagus (BE) is a metaplastic condition that occurs secondary to gastroesophageal reflux disease. BE is also a precursor to esophageal adenocarcinoma, which, although still rare in Japan, is one of the most rapidly increasing cancers in Western countries. However, the prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease has increased significantly over ...
Hirata Tetsuya T Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, - - 2014
This case report describes a case of concomitant ovarian drilling and retrieval of oocytes using laparoendoscopic single-site surgery and the resultant birth of a healthy infant after transfer of frozen-thawed blastocyst from in vitro matured oocyte in a woman with polycystic ovary syndrome. A 33-year-old woman presented with anovulatory, clomiphene-resistant ...
Amigo Isaac I Universidad de - - 2014
Background: This study investigated the presence of the burnout syndrome amongst employees of the banking sector. This topic is of particular interest owing to recent changes in working conditions and the controversial commercial strategies employed in this sector in recent years. Method: A total of 1,341 professionals, 883 men and ...
Kodama Koichi K Department of Urology, Toyama City Hospital, Toyama, - - 2014
Despite improved diagnostic modalities for psoas abscesses, the optimum management strategy is not uniform. A 67-year-old man presented with bilateral psoas abscesses secondary to L1-L2 pyogenic discitis. On contrast-enhanced CT, the largest of these abscesses measured 13 × 14 × 33 mm on the right. The patient developed sepsis caused by Klebsiella pneumonia. There were ...
Orlando Giuseppe G Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, - - 2014
Emerging technologies in regenerative medicine have the potential to restore the β-cell compartment in diabetic patients, thereby overcoming the inadequacies of current treatment strategies and organ supply. Novel approaches include: 1) Encapsulation technology that protects islet transplants from host immune surveillance; 2) stem cell therapies and cellular reprogramming, which seek ...
Lubans David R DR 1Priority Research Center in Physical Activity and Nutrition, School of Education, University of Newcastle, Callaghan Campus, Callaghan, Australia; 2Priority Research Center in Physical Activity and Nutrition, School of Biomedical Sciences and Pharmacy, University of Newcastle, Callaghan Campus, Callaghan, Australia; 3School of Health & Social Development, Faculty of Health, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia; and 4Department of Health & Exercise Science, The College of New Jersey, Ewing,New - - 2014
Lubans, DR, Smith, JJ, Harries, SK, Barnett, LM, and Faigenbaum, AD. Development, test-retest reliability, and construct validity of the Resistance Training Skills Battery. J Strength Cond Res 28(5): 1373-1380, 2014-The aim of this study was to describe the development and assess test-retest reliability and construct validity of the Resistance Training ...
Bullapur Harsha M HM Department of General Surgery, Children's Hospital at Westmead, Westmead, New South Wales, - - 2014
Role of ultrasonography in diagnosis of acute appendicitis in children is being debated. This study was conducted ahead of a clinical trial and aimed to evaluate the adjunctive role of ultrasonography in this group. Retrospective chart review of consecutive children undergoing appendicectomy in an Australian tertiary children's hospital over 24 ...
Munjal Akankshi A Institut de Biologie du Développement de Marseille, Aix-Marseille Université, CNRS UMR 7288, Campus de Luminy, 13009 Marseille, - - 2014
Tissue morphogenesis is driven by coordinated cellular deformations. Recent studies have shown that these changes in cell shape are powered by intracellular contractile networks comprising actin filaments, actin cross-linkers and myosin motors. The subcellular forces generated by such actomyosin networks are precisely regulated and are transmitted to the cell cortex ...
Teichgräber U - - 2014
Purpose: Evaluation of correlations between underlying disease and port complications. Materials and Methods: Retrospective analysis of a data set of 3160 port systems, which had been interventionally implanted over a period of 10 years. Of these, 1393 were included in the final evaluation. The 7 most common underlying diseases and ...
Ibrahim Badr M BM Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology (BMI, MF, AAR-R), Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, North - - 2014
The molecular mechanisms of the acute hypotensive and indirectly assessed cardiac depressant effect of ethanol (EtOH)-evoked myocardial depression and hypotension in female rats are not known. We tested the hypothesis that a time-dependent myocardial depression caused by EtOH is initiated by its direct and indirect (cardiac vagal dominance) effects and ...
Kefeng Dou D Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Xijing Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, People's Republic of - - 2014
Liver transplantation is regarded as an effective treatment for Wilson's disease (WD), and recently has been shown to improve not only hepatic but also neurologic manifestations. Conventional auxiliary liver transplantation for WD is orthotopic liver transplantation and heterotopic liver transplantation. But the conventional procedure could not avoid the problem of ...
Alphs Larry L Therapeutic Area Leader Psychiatry, Janssen Scientific Affairs, LLC , 1125 Trenton-Harbourton Road-A32404, Titusville, NJ 08560 , USA +1 609 730 3693 ; +1 609 730 3125 ; - - 2014
Introduction: Several long-acting injectable (LAI) second-generation antipsychotics are now available for the management of schizophrenia. As patients with schizophrenia frequently present with diverse and challenging symptoms, it is important to understand the effects of antipsychotics in treating these different symptom subgroups and the timing of these responses. Areas covered: For ...
Garvican Laura A LA Dept of Physiology, Australian Institute of Sport, Canberra, - - 2014
Purpose: This study investigated the decrement in running performance of elite soccer players competing at low altitude and time course for abatement of these decrements. Methods: Twenty elite youth soccer players had their activity profile, in a sea-level (SL) and 2 altitude (Alt, 1600 m, d 4, and d 6) ...
Roselló Silvia S Departamento de Óptica, Universitat de València, València, - - 2014
To propose both a new algebraic solution and a graphical monitoring method for astigmatic wavefront propagation in the framework provided by power vectors. The generalised propagation equation describing the propagation of astigmatic wavefronts from one plane to another is adapted to the power vectors formalism using a novel algorithm based ...
González-Díez Zahira Z Universidad de - - 2014
Background: The looming cognitive style (LCS) is a specific putative cognitive vulnerability to anxiety but not to depression. LCS is assessed by the Looming Maladaptive Style Questionnaire (LMSQ-R), which assesses a tendency to generate, maintain, and attend to internally generated scenarios of threats as rapidly increasing and headed in one's ...
Pahari Shankar S Department of Biological Sciences, University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, AB TIK 3M4, - - 2014
Asymmetric localization of PIN proteins controls directionality of auxin transport and many aspects of plant development. Directionality of PIN1 within the marginal epidermis and the presumptive veins of developing leaf primordia is crucial for establishing leaf vein pattern. One mechanism that controls PIN protein distribution within the cell membranes is ...
Bahrami-Taghanaki Hamidreza - - 2014
Background • Chronic low-back pain (cLBP) is a common condition throughout the world, and acupuncture is widely sought for treatment. As clinical evidence for the benefits of acupuncture grows, acupuncture for cLBP is receiving increased recognition and acceptance by both patients and professionals. Time method acupuncture has been previously researched ...
Azzoni Emanuele E Department of Health Sciences, University of Milano-Bicocca, Monza 20900, - - 2014
The embryonic endothelium is a known source of hematopoietic stem cells. Moreover, vessel-associated progenitors/stem cells with multilineage mesodermal differentiation potential, such as the 'embryonic mesoangioblasts', originate in vitro from the endothelium. Using a genetic lineage tracing approach, we show that early extra-embryonic endothelium generates, in a narrow time-window and prior ...
Birdsell Dawn N - - 2014
We used whole-genome analysis and subsequent characterization of geographically diverse strains using new genetic signatures to identify distinct subgroups within Francisella tularensis subsp. tularensis group A.I: A.I.3, A.I.8, and A.I.12. These subgroups exhibit complex phylogeographic patterns within North America. The widest distribution was observed for A.I.12, which suggests an adaptive ...
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