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Lehoux Juan J Department of Surgery, University of Rochester Medical Center, Strong Memorial Hospital, Rochester, NY, - - 2014
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) frequently accompanies the progression of aortic valve disease in children. The extent of LVH regression following surgical relief of aortic valve disease in children has not been clearly elucidated. We hypothesized that significant regression of LVH will occur in children following the Ross procedure. We examined ...
Chenthuran Thurayratnam T Human Genetics Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Colombo, Sri - - 2014
We have previously reported that polymorphism in the epidermal growth factor (EGF) gene is associated with pre-eclampsia and birthweight based on case-control association studies involving two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP). We extended that work to investigate other SNP in the EGF gene for their association with pre-eclampsia and the weight ...
Takahashi Kayo K Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Jichi Medical University School of Medicine, Shimotsuke-shi, Tochigi, - - 2014
Our aim was to establish measurements of subcutaneous fat area ratio (SFAR) and visceral fat area ratio (VFAR) in the early second trimester using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in an obese pregnant cohort. Obesity was defined as pre-pregnancy body mass index of 25.0 or more. One hundred and twelve obese ...
Nishida Ryutaro R Center for Perinatal Medicine, Hokkaido University Hospital, Sapporo, - - 2014
There has been only one case to date of pregnancy outcome after fundal transverse cesarean section (FTC). We report a pregnancy established after FTC. The FTC was performed at gestational week (GW) 24 in this patient's first pregnancy, but the uterus was preserved. Magnetic resonance imaging studies performed four times ...
Hirata Tetsuya T Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, - - 2014
This case report describes a case of concomitant ovarian drilling and retrieval of oocytes using laparoendoscopic single-site surgery and the resultant birth of a healthy infant after transfer of frozen-thawed blastocyst from in vitro matured oocyte in a woman with polycystic ovary syndrome. A 33-year-old woman presented with anovulatory, clomiphene-resistant ...
Lubans David R DR 1Priority Research Center in Physical Activity and Nutrition, School of Education, University of Newcastle, Callaghan Campus, Callaghan, Australia; 2Priority Research Center in Physical Activity and Nutrition, School of Biomedical Sciences and Pharmacy, University of Newcastle, Callaghan Campus, Callaghan, Australia; 3School of Health & Social Development, Faculty of Health, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia; and 4Department of Health & Exercise Science, The College of New Jersey, Ewing,New - - 2014
Lubans, DR, Smith, JJ, Harries, SK, Barnett, LM, and Faigenbaum, AD. Development, test-retest reliability, and construct validity of the Resistance Training Skills Battery. J Strength Cond Res 28(5): 1373-1380, 2014-The aim of this study was to describe the development and assess test-retest reliability and construct validity of the Resistance Training ...
Bampouras Theodoros M TM 1Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Medical and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Health and Science, University of Cumbria, Lancaster, United Kingdom; 2Department of Sport and Physical Activity, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Edge Hill University, Ormskirk, United Kingdom; 3School of Health and Social Sciences, Faculty of Advanced Engineering and Sciences, University of Bolton, Bolton, United Kingdom; and 4Centre for Rehabilitation and Human Performance Research, University of Salford, Salford, Greater Manchester, United - - 2014
Bampouras, TM, Marrin, K, Sankey, SP, and Jones, PA. Test-retest reliability and sensitivity of the Concept2 Dyno dynamometer: practical applications. J Strength Cond Res 28(5): 1381-1385, 2014-Strength assessment is often part of the objective periodical observation of teams, squads, or large groups of athletes. Equipment that provides assessment that is ...
Lagestad Pål P Department of Teacher Education, Nord-Trøndelag University College, Levanger, - - 2014
Lagestad, P, and van den Tillaar, R. A comparison of training and physical performance of police students at the start and the end of three-year police education. J Strength Cond Res 28(5): 1394-1400, 2014-The purpose was to compare male and female police students exercise and physical performances at the beginning ...
Yazici Ar - - 2014
SUMMARY The aim of the present study was to evaluate the three-year clinical performance of a nanofilled resin composite, a packable resin composite, and silorane-based resin restorations in Class I occlusal cavities. Twenty-eight patients with at least three similar-sized occlusal lesions in molar teeth participated in the study. A total ...
Roselló Silvia S Departamento de Óptica, Universitat de València, València, - - 2014
To propose both a new algebraic solution and a graphical monitoring method for astigmatic wavefront propagation in the framework provided by power vectors. The generalised propagation equation describing the propagation of astigmatic wavefronts from one plane to another is adapted to the power vectors formalism using a novel algorithm based ...
He Ji C JC New England College of Optometry, Boston, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to theoretically model the contributions of corneal asphericity (Q) and anterior chamber depth to peripheral wavefront aberrations. Ray-tracing was performed on a model eye using a customised MatLab program to calculate Zernike aberrations up to the 5th order across ±60° of the horizontal visual ...
Miguélez-Pan Mónica M Mental Health Department, Corporaciò Sanitària i Universitària Parc Taulí - - 2014
Background: There is a debate about the influence of executive functioning impairment in the functionality of Bipolar Disorder Type I, even when euthymic (EutBDI). The aim of this study was to explore this relationship, taking functional outcome from a multidimensional point of view. Methods: An extended neuropsychological battery of executive ...
González-Díez Zahira Z Universidad de - - 2014
Background: The looming cognitive style (LCS) is a specific putative cognitive vulnerability to anxiety but not to depression. LCS is assessed by the Looming Maladaptive Style Questionnaire (LMSQ-R), which assesses a tendency to generate, maintain, and attend to internally generated scenarios of threats as rapidly increasing and headed in one's ...
Ruiz Montse C MC 1 University of Jyväskylä - - 2014
Background: The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Sport Imagery Questionnaire (SIQ), which assesses cognitive and motivational functions of imagery use. Method: Participants were 361 athletes (234 male and 127 female) with a mean of age of 24.29 ± 7.76 ...
Giacomelli Giovanni G Department of Specialistic Surgical Sciences, Eye Clinic, University of Florence, Florence, - - 2014
To evaluate the efficacy of intravitreal ranibizumab with a "pro re nata" regimen in the treatment of nonsubfoveal neovascular membranes secondary to age-related macular degeneration. Retrospective noncomparative case series. Thirty-one eyes with naive nonsubfoveal neovascularization secondary to age-related macular degeneration were consecutively enrolled and treated with ranibizumab intravitreal injections according ...
Al-Salem Khalil M KM *Department of Ophthalmology, University of Mutah, Al-Karak, Jordan; and †Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Louisville, Louisville, - - 2014
To compare Mini-Cognitive (Mini-Cog) Screening test results between patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and age-matched controls. Two hundred and twenty-nine patients were included in the study. Patients were divided into 3 groups: 56 patients with exudative AMD, mean age of 76 ± 8 years; 82 patients with dry AMD, ...
Avogaro Angelo - - 2014
Incretin-based therapy became recently available as antihyperglycemic treatment for patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Incretin therapy comprises glucagon-like peptide receptor agonists (GLP-1RA) and dipeptidyl-peptidase 4 inhibitors (DPP4-I): these classes of drugs not only have the ability to reduce blood glucose, but also can exert several cardioprotective effects. They have ...
Rouster-Stevens Kelly A KA Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, - - 2014
To create a pediatric rheumatology Top 5 list as part of the American Board of Internal Medicine Foundation's Choosing Wisely campaign. Delphi surveys of a core group of representative pediatric rheumatology providers from across North America generated candidate Top 5 items. Items with high content agreement and perceived to be ...
Sonneveld Milan J MJ Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Obstetrics and Perinatal Medicine, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, Rotterdam, the - - 2014
Cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) is elevated in preeclampsia, and may predispose to cerebrovascular complications and progression to eclampsia. We estimated zero flow pressure (ZFP) and CPP using simultaneously obtained arterial blood pressure and middle cerebral artery blood flow velocity in 10 women with preeclampsia, all treated with methyldopa with or ...
Maroni Elisa E Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sant'Orsola Malpighi University Hospital, University of Bologna, Bologna, - - 2014
The aim of our study was to assess the sonographic indices of fetal head progression obtained by three-dimensional ultrasound during the second stage of labor in women with and without mobile epidural analgesia. Sonographic volume data sets were obtained with a transperineal approach every 20 min from the beginning of the ...
Nilsson Cecilia C Surgical Department, Nordsjaellands Hospital, Hillerød, - - 2014
The objective was to compare two teaching methods for postpartum hemorrhage management: interactive hands-on training and non-interactive video training. In a controlled intervention study at a secondary health care center in Kenya, the two training methods, based on the Advanced Life Support in Obstetrics curriculum, were evaluated utilizing structured observation ...
Bahrami-Taghanaki Hamidreza - - 2014
Background • Chronic low-back pain (cLBP) is a common condition throughout the world, and acupuncture is widely sought for treatment. As clinical evidence for the benefits of acupuncture grows, acupuncture for cLBP is receiving increased recognition and acceptance by both patients and professionals. Time method acupuncture has been previously researched ...
Ajith Thekkuttuparambil Ananthanarayanan - - 2014
Context • According to the mitochondrial mutation theory of aging, the impairment of mitochondrial functions and decline of cellular bioenergetics are induced by highly reactive oxygen species (ROS). Supplementation with antioxidants may protect mitochondria against respiration-linked oxidative stress and reduce decay by preserving genomic and structural integrity. Several clinical studies ...
Halpern Jonathan - - 2014
Context • The aging process is associated with physiological changes that affect sleep. In older adults, undiagnosed and untreated insomnia may cause impaired daily function and reduced quality of life (QoL). Insomnia is also a risk factor for accidents and falls that are the main cause of accidental deaths in ...
O'Connor Kate K Division of Anatomic Pathology, Vancouver General Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, - - 2014
Patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the fifth most common cancer worldwide, display a highly variable clinical course, suggesting that HCC encompasses several biologically distinct subtypes. This heterogeneity has the potential to impede both treatment decisions and prognostic predictions for patients with HCC. One distinct, albeit rare, subtype of HCC is ...
Reyes-Méndez Miguel Ángel MÁ Scientific Affairs Abbott - - 2014
Background. Patients exposed to hepatitis C virus (HCV) may develop chronic infection with viremia. The diagnosis of this condition requires the use of several laboratory tests in algorithms tailored to the population and resources available for each laboratory. Aim. We compared the diagnostic efficacy of two diagnostic algorithms for the ...
Higuera-de la Tijera Fátima F Gastroenterology Department, Hospital General de México, - - 2014
Background & Aim. Despite treatment with glucocorticoids, mortality remains high in patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis. Oxidative stress and depletion of mitochondrial glutathione are implicated factors in liver injury. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the addition of metadoxine, a drug which possesses a multifactorial ...
Beaton Melanie D MD Departments of Medicine Western University, London, Ontario, - - 2014
Background. In non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NALFD), it has often been assumed that an elevation in serum ferritin is likely related to inflammation rather than iron overload. Material and methods. Patients referred with NAFLD were entered into a clinical study of phlebotomy therapy. A liver biopsy with liver iron concentration ...
Zuo-Hua Gan G Department of Family Medicine, Buddhist Dalin Tzu Chi Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan; School of Medicine, Tzu Chi University, - - 2014
Background. Cirrhotic patients are prone to having bacterial infections due to impaired innate immunity. This nationwide population-based study aimed to identify the effect of bacterial infections on the mortality of the cirrhotic patients with esophageal variceal bleeding (EVB). Material and methods. The Taiwan National Health Insurance Database was used to ...
Licks Francielli F Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Programa de Pós Graduação em Ciências Biológicas: Fisiologia. - - 2014
Background. Portal hypertension is a clinical syndrome associated with the development of a hyperdynamic circulation and gastroesophageal varices. Aim. To evaluate the antioxidant effect of N-acetylcysteine on portal hypertensive rats. Material and methods. Portal hypertension was induced by partial portal vein ligation (PPVL). Oxidative damage in the stomach was measured ...
Mosaddeghi K Samad S Department of General Surgery, Imam Reza Hospital, 25th Golgasht Street, Tabriz-14756, East Azerbaijan, - - 2014
Introduction. Hydatid disease is a major health problem in some parts of the world. There are several nonoperative and operative ways to treat hydatic disease. The aim of this retrospective study is to assess the rate of postoperative complications, mortality rate, hospitalization period, and recurrence for capsulorrhaphy method, and to ...
Tabibian James H JH Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA; Center for Clinical and Translational Sciences, Mayo Graduate School, Rochester, MN, - - 2014
Introduction. Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is an idiopathic hepatobiliary disorder associated with an increased risk for cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) and a median survival time of 12 years. Reliable predictors of CCA and other major adverse events in PSC are currently lacking. Recently, serum IgE was found to be associated with CCA ...
de Araujo Alexandre A School of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, - - 2014
Background and aims. Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) often triggers acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). Acute kidney injury (AKI) is frequent and correlates with higher mortality in such cases. The aim of this study is to evaluate the Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN) criteria in the prediction of death in cirrhotic patients ...
Munjal Akankshi A Institut de Biologie du Développement de Marseille, Aix-Marseille Université, CNRS UMR 7288, Campus de Luminy, 13009 Marseille, - - 2014
Tissue morphogenesis is driven by coordinated cellular deformations. Recent studies have shown that these changes in cell shape are powered by intracellular contractile networks comprising actin filaments, actin cross-linkers and myosin motors. The subcellular forces generated by such actomyosin networks are precisely regulated and are transmitted to the cell cortex ...
Gjorevski Nikolche N Institute of Bioengineering, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne CH-1015, - - 2014
During organogenesis, various molecular and physical signals are orchestrated in space and time to sculpt multiple cell types into functional tissues and organs. The complex and dynamic nature of the process has hindered studies aimed at delineating morphogenetic mechanisms in vivo, particularly in mammals. Recent demonstrations of stem cell-driven tissue ...
Azzoni Emanuele E Department of Health Sciences, University of Milano-Bicocca, Monza 20900, - - 2014
The embryonic endothelium is a known source of hematopoietic stem cells. Moreover, vessel-associated progenitors/stem cells with multilineage mesodermal differentiation potential, such as the 'embryonic mesoangioblasts', originate in vitro from the endothelium. Using a genetic lineage tracing approach, we show that early extra-embryonic endothelium generates, in a narrow time-window and prior ...
Wartlick Ortrud O Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Geneva, 30 Quai Ernest Ansermet, Geneva 1211, - - 2014
During morphogenesis, organs grow to stereotyped sizes, but growth control mechanisms are poorly understood. Here, we measured the signaling dynamics of the morphogen Dpp, one of several Drosophila factors controlling morphogenetic growth, in the developing eye. In this tissue, the Dpp expression domain advances from the posterior to the anterior ...
Kudva Yogish C YC Corresponding author: Ananda Basu, - - 2014
To provide an understanding of both the preclinical and clinical aspects of closed-loop artificial pancreas systems, we provide a discussion of this topic as part of this two-part Bench to Clinic narrative. Here, the Bench narrative provides an in-depth understanding of insulin-glucose-glucagon physiology in conditions that mimic the free-living situation ...
Tsukahara Tetsuo T Division of Colorectal Surgery, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to determine the feasibility of simultaneous resection of colorectal cancer by laparoscopy and a pulmonary lesion through minithoracotomy. Four patients underwent laparoscopic resection of colorectal cancer followed by pulmonary resection. The mean operative duration was 390 min and the mean blood loss was 133 mL. ...
Doyle Francis J FJ 3rd Corresponding author: Francis J. Doyle III, - - 2014
In this two-part Bench to Clinic narrative, recent advances in both the preclinical and clinical aspects of artificial pancreas (AP) development are described. In the preceding Bench narrative, Kudva and colleagues provide an in-depth understanding of the modified glucoregulatory physiology of type 1 diabetes that will help refine future AP ...
Inoue Taisuke T Department of Surgery, Teikyo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, - - 2014
A 54-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with severe nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. He had had laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y reconstruction and tube jejunostomy for gastric cancer 2 years earlier. Abdominal CT revealed that the duodenum and upper jejunum were markedly dilated and that the dilated jejunum ...
Miwa Ken K Division of General Thoracic Surgery, Tottori University Hospital, Yonago, - - 2014
Thoracoscopic left lower lobectomy with lymph node dissection for lung cancer was performed in a 76-year-old man. The diagnosis was pT2aN2M0 adenocarcinoma. Sixteen months after surgery, CT revealed a pleural tumor measuring 38 mm at the surgical port wound. CT-guided biopsy revealed fibroma. However, the tumor size increased 4 months after ...
Barrett Helen L HL Corresponding author: Helen L. Barrett, - - 2014
Outcomes in pregnancies complicated by preexisting diabetes (type 1 and type 2) and gestational diabetes mellitus have improved, but there is still excess morbidity compared with normal pregnancy. Management strategies appropriately focus on maternal glycemia, which demonstrably improves pregnancy outcomes for mother and infant. However, we may be reaching the ...
Almulaifi Abdullah M AM Department of Surgery, Min-Sheng General Hospital, National Taiwan University, Taoyuan, - - 2014
Several thousands of laparoscopic mini-gastric bypass have been performed globally by a number of surgeons. There is growing evidence that mini-gastric bypass is a safe and effective procedure. We report a rare case of massive gastric remnant dilation in a 45-year-old man after laparoscopic mini-gastric bypass. Acute gastric dilatation is ...
Orlando Giuseppe G Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, - - 2014
Emerging technologies in regenerative medicine have the potential to restore the β-cell compartment in diabetic patients, thereby overcoming the inadequacies of current treatment strategies and organ supply. Novel approaches include: 1) Encapsulation technology that protects islet transplants from host immune surveillance; 2) stem cell therapies and cellular reprogramming, which seek ...
Mohamed Junaith S JS Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, - - 2014
High-fat diet (HFD) plays a central role in the initiation of mitochondrial dysfunction that significantly contributes to skeletal muscle metabolic disorders in obesity. However, the mechanism by which HFD weakens skeletal muscle metabolism by altering mitochondrial function and biogenesis is unknown. Given the emerging roles of microRNAs (miRNAs) in the ...
Vather Ryash R Department of Surgery, University of Auckland, Auckland, New - - 2014
Postoperative ileus (POI) is an abnormal pattern of gastrointestinal motility characterized by nausea, vomiting, abdominal distension and/or delayed passage of flatus or stool, which may occur following surgery. Postoperative ileus slows recovery, increases the risk of developing postoperative complications and confers a significant financial load on healthcare institutions. The aim ...
Curthoys Ian S IS Vestibular Research Laboratory, School of Psychology, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, - - 2014
Extracellular single neuron recording and labelling studies of primary vestibular afferents in Scarpa's ganglion have shown that guinea-pig otolithic afferents with irregular resting discharge are preferentially activated by 500 Hz bone-conducted vibration (BCV) and many also by 500 Hz air-conducted sound (ACS) at low threshold and high sensitivity. Very few afferent neurons ...
Felton Charlette C Department of Chemistry - - 2014
Abstract Improvements in diagnostic measures for biomedical applications have been investigated in various studies for better interpretations of biological abnormalities and several medical conditions. The use of imaging techniques, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), is widespread and becoming a standard procedure for such specialized applications. A major avenue being ...
Lira Madalena M Centre of Physics (CFUM) (M.L., M.E.C.D.R.O., M.F.M.C.), University of Minho, Braga, Portugal; and Department of Physics (J.B.V-D.), University of Vigo, Pontevedra, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of different lens care systems in surface roughness and refractive index (RI) of contact lenses (CL). This information provides us with a better understanding of how care solutions affect CL materials. Several CL and three commercially available and appropriate lens ...
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