Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 2047
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
de Frutos C - - 2013
In vitro maturation (IVM) of oocytes in domestic animals is a widespread practice of research and commercial relevance. Gonadotropic hormones are typically supplemented to the IVM medium to stimulate resumption of meiosis, progression to metaphase II (MII), and oocyte developmental competence. The common use of pituitary-derived products presents 2 problems: ...
Sanders Suzanne - - 2013
Osteoporosis, the most common human bone disease, affects 8 million American women and has significant morbidity and mortality. Screening is important in older women and younger postmenopausal women with additional risk factors for osteoporosis/fracture. Preventive measures include avoiding smoking, excessive alcohol/caffeine intake, and falls in addition to maintaining adequate calcium/vitamin ...
McVoy Michael A - - 2013
An effective cytomegalovirus (CMV) vaccine could prevent the majority of birth defects caused by congenital CMV infections. Candidate vaccines in clinical evaluation include live attenuated, protein subunit, DNA, and viral-vectored approaches. Subunit approaches have focused on the CMV proteins pp65 and IE1 as important inducers of cytotoxic T cells and ...
Monk B J - - 2013
Angiogenesis plays a fundamental role in the pathogenesis of ovarian cancer. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression has been associated with the development of malignant ascites and tumor progression. Bevacizumab (Avastin(®); Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA), a humanized anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody, is the most widely studied antiangiogenesis agent across ...
Rowlinson Emily - - 2013
Background. Most reports about respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) in developing countries rely on sentinel surveillance, from which population incidence is difficult to infer. We used the proportion of RSV infections from population-based surveillance with data from a healthcare utilization survey to produce estimates of RSV incidence in Damanhour district, Egypt. Methods. We ...
Bishop David J - - 2013
Team sports are increasingly popular, with millions of participants worldwide. Athletes engaged in these sports are required to repeatedly produce skilful actions and maximal or near-maximal efforts (eg, accelerations, changes in pace and direction, sprints, jumps and kicks), interspersed with brief recovery intervals (consisting of rest or low-intensity to moderate-intensity ...
Pfeifer L F M - - 2013
The use of ultrasonography has changed our understanding of the ovarian function in live animals. However, most of the studies that have used ultrasonography to image the ovary have provided data only of structures >1mm in diameter. The recent availability of high-resolution ultrasound technology with high-frequency transducers (25-70MHz), offers the ...
Mellisho E - - 2013
The Peruvian Paso Horse has become a flagship product of Peru, for which it is very important to work on promoting and preserving their genetic material through semen. The objective of this study was to evaluate the thermoresistance of epididymal sperm of stallion frozen with 2 cryoprotectants (dimethylformamide and glycerol). ...
Moro L N - - 2013
Most of the 36 species of wild felids are at a level of threat, and interspecific SCNT (iSCNT) comes as a strategy to contribute to these species conservation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of embryo aggregation in cheetah (Ch, Acinonyx jubatus), bengal (Ben, a hybrid ...
O'Hara L - - 2013
Conceptus size on Day 14 following multiple embryo transfer of Day 7 in vitro-produced blastocysts varies greatly within animal. One explanation for this variation may be related to blastocyst cell number at the time of transfer. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of Day 7 blastocyst ...
Demyda-Peyrás S - - 2013
Chromosomal numerical abnormalities (CNA) were described as a major cause of developmental failures in in vitro-produced (IVP) embryos. It has been described that CNA are influenced by the post-fertilization culture environment of the embryo. Furthermore, it was demonstrated that the use of different culture media affects the CNA rates. The ...
Miller Frederick J - - 2013
Abstract Workplace air is monitored for overall dust levels and for specific components of the dust to determine compliance with occupational and workplace standards established by regulatory bodies for worker health protection. Exposure monitoring studies were conducted by the International Copper Association (ICA) at various industrial facilities around the world ...
Farmer S E - - 2013
The efficiency of in vitro production (IVP) has remained low due to an inadequate in vitro maturation (IVM) system. Thus far, the most promising methods of improving IVM utilise cAMP modulators to slow the maturation process by keeping cAMP high. This experiment compares standard IVM to an extended IVM as ...
Rabel R A C - - 2013
There is a great need for bioengineered cartilage because of the lack of medical or surgical therapies to improve articular cartilage healing. We hypothesised that porcine adipose-derived stem cells (pASC) can be induced to undergo chondrogenic differentiation within hyaluronic acid (HA) hydrogels. The objective of this study was to develop ...
Lotti S N - - 2013
Lactoferrin (LF) is an antimicrobial protein that is produced at high levels in human secretions, including milk, but is present at very low levels in the milk of ruminants. Lactoferrin is an iron-binding protein, and because iron is required by some bacteria to grow, lactoferrin can reduce the growth of ...
Erdelyi Matthew Hugh - - 2013
Classic traditions have linked dreams to memory (e.g., "dreaming is another kind of remembering" [Freud 1918/1955]) and modern notions like implicit memory subsume dreaming by definition. Llewellyn develops the more specific thesis that rapid eye movement (REM) dreams, because of their similarities to mnemonic techniques, have the function of elaboratively ...
Spoormaker Victor I - - 2013
Neuroimaging studies show that episodic memory encoding is associated with increased activity in hippocampus and lateral prefrontal cortex; however, the latter structure shows decreased activity in rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. Together with few episodic memory traces in REM sleep, and REM sleep deprivation affecting hippocampus-independent emotional processes, this argues ...
Khan Junaid Sarfraz - - 2013
Assessment is an indispensable part of an educational program. Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) is an objective tool of assessment provided cheating is controlled. A method employed to reduce the chance of cheating is to scramble the sequence of the MCQs and responses in multiple papers having the same content. It ...
O'Donnell Meaghan - - 2013
The Veterans and Veterans Families Counselling Service (VVCS), established by the Australian government, plays a pivotal role in providing mental health services to veterans and their families. This research explored the impact of center-based psychological counseling on depression, anxiety, stress, and alcohol use severity. A stratified sample of VVCS clients ...
Callesen H - - 2013
Cloning is a quite inefficient procedure with only around 10% of offspring born based on number of cloned embryos transferred. Every step to increase this level is therefore welcomed. Our group has worked with cloning of pig embryos since 2006, with the main purpose to establish a well-functioning cloning system ...
Tsuchiya K - - 2013
The worldwide pregnancy rate using cryopreserved mammalian embryos has not improved over the past 2 decades, probably because the freeze-thawing processes cause significant damage. Therefore, it is now relevant to examine the feasibility of short-term non-freezing preservation, and whether this could be applied to embryos that have high vitality and ...
Lucacin E - - 2013
Multiple ovulation and embryo transfer (MOET) has contributed to genetic improvement of Brazilian cattle and the P36 superstimulatory treatment protocol has been used successfully in MOET programs. Recently, increased mRNA levels of LH receptor (LHR) and angiotensin II receptor type 2 (AGTR2) have been reported in granulosa cells (GC) of ...
Solms Mark - - 2013
Links with the Humanities are to be welcomed, but they cannot be exempted from normal scientific criteria. Any hypothesis regarding the function of dreams that is premised on rapid eye movement (REM)/dream isomorphism is unsupportable on empirical grounds. Llewellyn's hypothesis has the further problem of counter-evidence in respect of its ...
Usman Muhammad - - 2013
Objective: To assess the feasibility and efficacy of a novel, minimally invasive spinal surgery technique for the correction of lumbar spinal stenosis involving unilateral approach for bilateral decompression. Study Design: Cross-sectional observational study. Place and Duration of Study: Neurosurgery Department of PGMI, Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar, from January to December ...
Slade Gary D - - 2013
Papers in this issue investigate when and how putative risk factors influence development of first-onset, painful temporomandibular disorder (TMD). The results represent first findings from the Orofacial Pain: Prospective Evaluation and Risk Assessment (OPPERA) prospective cohort study that monitored 2,737 men and women aged 18 to 44 years recruited at 4 ...
Gold Ralf - - 2013
Summary of key publications presented at the poster session of the MS Experts' Summit.
Souza D G - - 2013
Reducing animal handling and costs in timed artificial insemination (TAI) systems are of great interest in animal production, regardless of the species. Thus, this study was carried out to investigate the effects of administering oestradiol cypionate (EC) or hCG to induce ovulation in buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) in TAI programs. The ...
Ha A-N - - 2013
This study evaluated a modified plastic straw method for vitrification of in vitro-produced (IVP) bovine blastocysts. A modified straw was used that has a depressed area on its inner surface to which embryos attach. The IVP blastocysts were randomly assigned into 3 groups: (1) attachment of embryos to the inner ...
Ikeda S - - 2013
In order to investigate the effects of bioactive lipophilic nutrients on mammalian pre-implantation embryos in vitro, amphipathic vehicles are commonly used to dissolve the lipophilic substances into culture media. However, easy emulsification of these nutrients would facilitate medium preparation. We report here a simple method for emulsification of lipophilic nutrients ...
Gallegos-Cardenas A - - 2013
The generation of pig induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) opened the possibility to evaluate autologous neural cell therapy as a viable option for human patients. However, it is necessary to demonstrate whether pig iPSC are capable of in vitro neural differentiation similar to human iPSC in order to perform in ...
Byrne A - - 2013
Gene targeting in mammalian cells has become a routine technique and is currently used to study gene function, create biomedical models, and generate potential tissue sources for xenotransplantation. Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is a condition characterised by the absence of T cells and a lack of B cell function. Severe ...
Adler Stuart P - - 2013
Reported maternal-to-fetal rates of primary cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection during pregnancy have been between 30% and 50%. The highest rate of symptomatic congenital infection and sequelae occurs in about 25% of infected infants born of mothers with a primary infection during pregnancy. Symptomatic infants demonstrate a constellation of clinical features that ...
Kool Wouter - - 2013
Kurzban and colleagues carry forward an important contemporary movement in cognitive control research, tending away from resource-based models and toward a framework focusing on motivation or value. However, their specific proposal, centering on opportunity costs, appears problematic. We favor a simpler view, according to which the exertion of cognitive control ...
Saleem Amer - - 2013
A patient presented with recent onset of increasing shortness of breath, weight loss and low-grade fever. His chest X-ray revealed bilateral miliary shadowing. He was investigated with CT-scanning of thorax. Later, a biopsy from supra-clavicular node and its immunocytochemistry studies confirmed metastasis from primary lung cancer. Primary lung cancer with ...
Mani Nasrin - - 2013
To demonstrate safely with the use of polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) microspheres in the infraorbital eyelid area using a deliberate conservative injection in the treatment of rhytids. A retrospective case series of 289 patients in an outpatient cosmetic dermatology clinic evaluated and treated by one senior provider (NM) of infraorbital rhytids ...
Garvican-Lewis Laura A - - 2013
Water polo requires high aerobic power to meet the demands of match play. Live high:train low (LHTL) may enhance aerobic capacity at sea level. Before the Olympics, the Australian women's water polo team utilised LHTL in an attempt to enhance aerobic fitness. Over 6 months, 11 players completed three normobaric ...
Mishkind Matthew C - - 2013
Telebehavioral health (TBH) has previously been reported as underutilized in the Afghan Theater of Operations despite efforts to expand the number of operational TBH sites. A lack of training on TBH services and equipment was identified as a probable cause. The National Center for Telehealth and Technology (T2) provided members ...
Lee S - - 2013
To harness the great capability of producing biologically active recombinant proteins with animal mammary glands, active research has been carried out in the past several decades to develop transgenic animals as bioreactors. However, when a transgene is introduced in the animal genome by random integration, the transgene tends to be ...
Hashiyada Y - - 2013
Frozen-thawed bovine trophoblastic vesicles (bTV) derived in vivo could secrete interferon-τ (IFN-τ) at the same level as fresh bTV on Days 4 to 6 after thawing. However, amounts of IFN-τ decreased following continuous in vitro culture (Hashiyada et al. 2012 38th IETS). Co-transfer of frozen-thawed bTV improved pregnancy rate of ...
Hwang S U - - 2013
The aims of this study were to collect oocytes from ovaries of Delphinus capensis (long-beaked common dolphin) and to examine the morphological characteristics of their reproductive organ. Female genital organs were collected from 2 incidentally caught Delphinus capensis (ID-96: estimated 5-6 years, and ID-97: estimated 7-8 years). Collected ovaries were ...
Dominey Peter Ford - - 2013
A method is proposed where static patterns or snapshots of cortical activity that could be stored as hyperassociative indices in hippocampus can subsequently be retrieved and reinjected into the neocortex in order to enable neocortex to then proceed to unfold the corresponding sequence, thus implementing an index-based sequence memory storage ...
Overcash Janine - - 2013
Medical Qigong (MQ) is a mind-body exercise that includes movement and meditation and is beneficial in reducing high blood pressure, high cholesterol, anxiety, stress, pain, and incidence of falls. The purpose of the current study was to determine whether patients with cancer and survivors who participated in an MQ class ...
Cleary J - - 2013
India is the world's largest democracy with control of opioids divided between the national and state governments. While the global consumption of opioids has increased, the consumption has not increased at the same rate. This is the first comprehensive study of opioid availability and accessibility for cancer patients in India. ...
Grody Wayne W - - 2013
As medical genetics has progressed from a descriptive entity to one focused on the functional relationship between genes and clinical disorders, emphasis has been placed on genomics. Genomics, a subelement of genetics, is the study of the genome, the sum total of all the genes of an organism. The human ...
Lambo C A - - 2013
The Brazilian ocelot (Leopardus pardalis mitis) and Amur tiger (Panthera tigris altaica) are 2 iconic cat species that are becoming increasingly imperiled in the wild. Although both felids are managed in North American zoos by species survival plans (SSP), their long-term sustainability has proven difficult through captive breeding alone, necessitating ...
Poppicht F - - 2013
Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) is essential for regulating physiological processes such as growth and development of fetal and placental tissues (Bauer et al. 1998, Fowden 2003). During early embryonic development, IGF1 plays an important role, as it leads to a reduction of apoptosis and decreases early embryonic mortality (Block ...
Tribulo H - - 2013
An experiment was designed to evaluate in vivo and in vitro embryo production following the use of frozen-thawed conventional or Y-sexed semen from a Brangus bull with known high fertility. For in vivo embryo production, Brangus heifers (n=12) were superovulated twice in a crossover design and inseminated with sexed or ...
Young C - - 2013
Only 891 of the approximately 5600 lizard species have been evaluated by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Of those, at least one-third are threatened with extinction. However, there is no organised effort to preserve their genetic diversity through semen banking. As part of an invasive species monitoring ...
Tahir M Z - - 2013
In the bitch, oocytes are ovulated at an immature stage (prophase I) and resume meiosis in the oviduct, 3 to 4 days after ovulation while they are still surrounded by 2 to 3 layers of cumulus cells. Canine cumulus-oocyte complexes (COC) are exposed to high and changing plasma concentrations of ...
Syoji K - - 2013
The objective of this study was to investigate whether progesterone (P4) supplementation to in vitro maturation (IVM) medium could affect the competence of bovine oocyte to develop into blastocysts in vitro. Cumulus-oocyte complexes (COC) were collected by aspiration of ovarian follicles (2 to 6mm in diameter) obtained from a local ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >