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Results 351 - 400 of 2047
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Malik H N - - 2013
Adult stem cells derived from all possible sources of livestock serve as the best possible alternative to embryonic stem cells. The discovery of mesenchymal stem cells has provided the new horizon to stem cell therapy. Adipose tissue derived mesenchymal stem cell (ADSCs), an easy source of adult stem cell has ...
- - 2013
To address declining volumes and suboptimal patient satisfaction in the ED, administrators at North Adams Regional Hospital used lean techniques to eliminate waste and streamline the triage process. A few months into the new approach, administrators say that average daily visits to the ED have increased from 42 to 54, ...
Markowitsch Hans J - - 2013
It is argued that Llewellyn's hypothesis about the lack of rapid eye movement (REM)-sleep dreaming leading to loss of personal identity and deficits in episodic memory, affectivity, and prospection is insufficiently grounded because it does not integrate data from neurodevelopmental studies and makes reference to an outdated definition of episodic ...
Hillman Kristin L - - 2013
One shortcoming of Kurzban et al.'s model is that it is not clear how animals persist through subjectively effortful tasks, particularly over a long time course. We suggest that the anterior cingulate cortex plays a critical role by encoding the utility of an action, and signalling where efforts should be ...
Tehrani David M - - 2013
Updated definitions of myocardial infarction (MI) reflect research on measuring cardiac troponin to diagnose MI. Elevations of this biomarker indicate cardiac injury but not always an acute coronary syndrome. Clinical judgment is needed to interpret increasingly sensitive biomarker assays appropriately. Here, we review the new MI definitions and the various ...
Akhtar Navaid - - 2013
Thyroidectomy is usually performed under general anaesthesia with endotracheal intubation. Bilateral cervical plexus block has been occasionally used as sole anaesthesia technique for this operation in certain parts of world. Indications for regional anaesthesia elsewhere in the world are patient's preference and associated marked cardio-respiratory disease. This is the first ...
Talbot Laura A - - 2013
Repeated failure in the Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT) is associated with lower fitness level, premature discharge, and significant career disruption, at high economic and health costs to the individual soldier and the U.S. Army. We used cost-effectiveness analysis to estimate the health and economic implications of two exercise interventions ...
Comizzoli Pierre - - 2013
Human-related fertility preservation strategies have enormous potential for helping sustain and protect other species, especially to assist managing or 'rescuing' the genomes of genetically valuable individuals, including endangered species. However, wider-scale applications are limited by significant physiological variations among species, as well as a lack of fundamental knowledge of basic ...
Borges J B S - - 2013
Successful establishment of pregnancy in the cow depends on early rise of progesterone (P4) to improve embryo development. The present study was carried out to determine the corpus luteum (CL) function and pregnancy rate following the administration of 1.500IU of hCG in suckled beef cows on Day 4 after fixed-time ...
Penido A O - - 2013
Bluetongue virus serotype 8 (BTV-8) causes some unique characteristics compared with other BTV strains, such as transplacentary transmission, infertility, and diminished health of the offspring (De Clercq et al. 2008 Transboundary and Emerging Diseases 55, 352-359), and concerns exist about the risk of the transmission of the disease via embryo ...
Miura R - - 2013
The characteristics of the corpus luteum (CL) are greatly affected by the characteristics of the preceeding preovulatory follicle, such as follicle size and function. A previous study reported that the concentration of oestradiol in follicular fluid and production of androstenedione and progesterone (P4) by cultured theca cells are higher in ...
Ahn C - - 2013
Tight junctions (TJ) are composed of a branching network of sealing strands. Tight junctions regulate paracellular conductance and ionic selectivity. The TJ components include the peripheral protein ZO-1, junctional adhesion molecules (JAM), and integral proteins, such as occludin and claudin. Claudins, a family of proteins, are the most important components ...
Takehisa M - - 2013
Mechanical vibration enhances the cytoplyasmic maturation of in vitro-matured (IVM) pig oocytes (Mizobe et al. 2010 J. Reprod. Dev. 56, 285-290), as well as the development of in vitro-cultured (IVC) bovine embryos (Fujita et al. 2010 Rakuno Gakuen University Graduation thesis,1-36). In this study, the effects of intervals of mechanical ...
Chastant-Maillard S - - 2013
In vitro fertilization encounters 2 specific difficulties in the canine species, with no puppies born to date: low penetration rates (10-50%) and high polyspermia (around 50% of fertilized oocytes; Saint-Dizier et al. 2001 J. Reprod. Fert. Suppl. 57, 147-150). The objectives of the study were to test whether intracytoplasmic sperm ...
- - 2013
To move hospitals toward what it terms high-reliability, The Joint Commission (TJC) is urging administrators to use a framework that it has developed to push their organizations through stages of maturity, ultimately creating environments in which there is zero patient harm. To get to this point, TJC leaders say hospitals ...
Buchheit Martin - - 2013
To examine the time course of wellness, fatigue and performance during an altitude training camp (La Paz, 3600 m) in two groups of either sea-level (Australian) or altitude (Bolivian) native young soccer players. Wellness and fatigue were assessed using questionnaires and resting heart rate (HR) and HR variability. Physical performance ...
Aoyama T - - 2013
Shortened parturition interval is very profitable for beef cattle production. Chitosan is made by treating shrimp and other crustacean shells with alkali sodium hydroxide, a linear polysaccharide composed of randomly distributed β-(1-4)-linked D-glucosamine and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine, and has been utilised as an antibacterial agent. Intrauterine injection of chitosan, as an antibacterial ...
Velasquez A - - 2013
It is known that embryos produced in vitro are less competent than their in vivo-derived counterparts. When embryos are produced or manipulated in vitro, their developmental potential decreases significantly, which impinges upon the production of viable offspring. In bovines, embryos that will be transferred to a surrogate mother are selected ...
Rossi B - - 2013
In recent years, fetal adnexa and fluids have been recognised as important sources of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC). The aim of this study was to characterise cell populations of bovine amniotic fluid, studying phenotypic characterisation, RNA expression, and differentiation potential of samples after in vitro culture for different lengths of ...
Feltrin C - - 2013
Infant mortality is still a major problem, with the interaction between malnutrition and diarrhoea among the leading causes of death. One option to fight both diarrhoea and malnutrition is breastfeeding. Benefits of breast milk are attributed to the actions of antimicrobial proteins in human milk, such as lactoferrin (LF), which ...
D'Agostino Armando - - 2013
In her target article, Sue Llewellyn concludes that an unconstrained form of consciousness is necessary for the elaboration of meaningful associations. Unlike the author's view that dedifferentiation of memory encoding processes across wakefulness and sleep determines schizophrenia, our proposal suggests this mechanism could reflect a common neurobiological substrate for psychosis ...
Mattei Tobias A - - 2013
By integrating the classic psychological principles of ancient art of memory (AAOM) with the most recent paradigms in cognitive neuroscience (i.e., the concepts of hodotopic organization and nonlinear dynamics of brain neural networks), Llewellyn provides an up-to-date model of the complex psychological relationships between memory, imagination, and dreams in accordance ...
Hofmann Wilhelm - - 2013
Kurzban et al.'s framework may be extended in fruitful ways by treating effort also as a cost input that affects the utility computation of a given option (rather than only as the output of a utility comparison between options). The weight people assign to effort as a cost may vary ...
Mansoor Atizazul H - - 2013
Drugs that prevent platelets from sticking together-ie, aspirin, dipyridamole, and clopidogrel-are an important part of therapy to prevent recurrence of ischemic stroke of atherosclerotic origin. We discuss current indications for these drugs and review the evidence behind our current use of aspirin, dipyridamole, and clopidogrel.
Arshad Abdul Rehman - - 2013
Alkaptonuria is a rare cause of backache. A 55 years old gentleman, a retired army personal had been having pain and stiffness in the spine for the last 15 years, accompanied by bluish black discolouration of face and hands. Kyphosis and reduced movement of spine were present. Other joints were ...
Sinclair Kevin D - - 2013
The periconceptional period, embracing the terminal stages of oocyte growth and post-fertilisation development up to implantation, is sensitive to parental nutrition. Deficiencies or excesses in a range of macro- and micronutrients during this period can lead to impairments in fertility, fetal development and long-term offspring health. Obesity and genotype-related differences ...
Pugliesi G - - 2013
Recent evidence indicates that progesterone (P4) secretion from corpus luteum (CL) is affected by preovulatory follicle (POF) size and that increased circulating P4 during early diestrus has a positive effect on embryo development and pregnancy rates in cattle. Despite the embryotrophic effects, early administration of P4 may impair CL growth ...
Sartori R - - 2013
The objectives were to describe the incidence of retained fetal membrane (RFM) and its effect on production and reproduction of dairy cows in tropical environments. Holstein and crossbred Holstein×Gyr cows and heifers calving between May 2012 and May 2013 from 4 dairy farms were enrolled in this study. Retained fetal ...
Arashiro E K N - - 2013
Ovarian changes in blood supply have been related to follicle growth and ovulation in cattle. The aim of the present study was to characterise the vascularization pattern of the preovulatory follicle in cows induced to ovulate with a timed AI (TAI) protocol using oestradiol benzoate. Follicular wave was synchronized in ...
Ahn C - - 2013
The transient potential receptor (TRP) channels are membrane-binding proteins that are non-selectively permeable for cations, such as Ca(2+) and Mg(2+), in numerous mammalian cells. The extracellular or intracellular ions play key roles in physiological function, including muscle contraction, cytokine production, insulin release, and apoptosis. Although TRPM channels have been implicated ...
Yamanouchi T - - 2013
Embryo transfer using a female embryo is an effective tool for offspring production on dairy industry; however, embryo production by embryo recovery (ER) using X-sorted semen is not sufficient because non-fertilized oocytes are recovered frequently. In Holstein cows, we developed a system for high blastocyst production that was performed by ...
Sakagami Masahiro - - 2013
The development of Exubera(®) (inhaled insulin) has paved the way for consideration of future inhaled biotherapeutic products for systemic delivery. This route of drug delivery favors highly potent small peptides without self-association and large proteins resistant to enzymatic degradation for high bioavailability, while likely resulting in transient therapeutic effects. Improved ...
Daly E - - 2013
We have previously demonstrated the importance of progesterone (P4) synthesis by cumulus cells during oocyte maturation in vitro (IVM) for bovine oocyte acquisition of developmental competence and subsequent embryo development (Aparicio et al. 2011 Biol. Reprod. 84). The aim of this study was to identify key processes that may be ...
Powell R H - - 2013
Captive breeding efforts in felids, including assisted reproduction techniques, have had varied success depending on species. Spermatogonial stem cells (SSC), comprising a small percentage of germ cells in the testis, are progenitor cells with the ability to both self-renew and differentiate into spermatozoa throughout the life of the male. Manipulation ...
Harrison Justin M D - - 2013
We show that Kurzban et al.'s approach illuminates the relationship between religion and self-control. Whereas resource-depletion theorists suggest religion replenishes self-control resources ("strength"), we submit that religious cues make people feel observed, giving them "reason" to persevere, and we describe an experiment that supports our interpretation. Finally, we question the ...
Ohrbach Richard - - 2013
Case-control studies have documented clinical manifestations of chronic temporomandibular disorder (TMD), whereas clinical predictors of TMD development are largely unknown. We evaluated 41 clinical orofacial characteristics thought to predict first-onset TMD in a prospective cohort study of U.S. adults aged 18 to 44 years. During the median 2.8-year follow-up period, 2,737 ...
Billaut François - - 2013
The internationalism of field-based team sports (TS) such as football and rugby requires teams to compete in tournaments held at low to moderate altitude (∼1200-2500 m). In TS, acceleration, speed and aerobic endurance are physical characteristics associated with ball possession and, ultimately, scoring. While these qualities are affected by the ...
Cleary J - - 2013
The reports of the Global Opioid Policy Initiative (GOPI) project to evaluate the availability and accessibility of opioids for the management of cancer pain in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, and the Middle East, together with the previous 2010 European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO)/European Association for Palliative ...
Gold Ralf - - 2013
Symptomatic therapy of multiple sclerosis (MS) is an important part of a comprehensive treatment plan that aims to improve patients' quality of life. In the current era of medical progress, several factors have led to the development of guidelines for MS management. There is continued need for an evidence-based approach ...
O'Brien Tony - - 2013
ABSTRACT By 2050, it is predicted that 26% of the population will be aged 80 and over. Although older people have much to contribute, one challenging aspect of an aging population is the increasing rate of dementia. Palliative care is now included as part of the care pathway of a ...
Maziero R R D - - 2013
In vitro embryo production by maturation, fertilization, and culture has become a valuable assisted reproductive technology in cattle breeding systems. However, even with the notable innovations in this system, the greatest obstacles for the complete success of this biotechnology are the low pregnancy rates after transfer and the greater sensitivity ...
Lu F - - 2013
In this study, to explore the effects and mechanism of Wnt/β-catenin signalling pathway on the maintenance of pluripotency of buffalo embryonic stem-cell-like cells (buffalo ESC-like cells), the GSK3 inhibitors BIO and CHIR99021 were added throughout the experiment - i.e. from buffalo inner cell mass (ICM) culture to ESC-like line generation. ...
Walker J L - - 2013
Women presenting with epithelial ovarian cancer should be treated in centers with both aggressive surgical and chemotherapy teams prepared to confront the modifiable factors, which can optimize the patient's outcome. This implies experience in extensive cytoreductive surgery, including the removal of the tumor from the upper abdomen. An intraperitoneal (IP) ...
Olausson Jill - - 2013
Care of the body after death is an important nursing function that occurs in a wide variety of contexts. After a patient dies, nursing care continues as physical care of the body as well as care of the family members. In this descriptive, qualitative study, the authors explored nurse perceptions ...
Cleary J - - 2013
Asia is a heterogeneous region with substantial variability in economic, social and palliative care development. While the global consumption of opioids has increased, the consumption in most Asian countries has not increased at the same rate. This is the first comprehensive study of opioid availability and accessibility for cancer patients ...
Kobelt Gisela - - 2013
Advances in research and better understanding of the pathophysiology of diseases have resulted in an increase in the number of available health interventions that compete for finite public resources. Explicit choices must therefore be made about funding.
Ponsart C - - 2013
Genomic tools are now available for most livestock species and are used routinely for genomic selection (GS) in cattle. One of the most important developments resulting from the introduction of genomic testing for dairy cattle is the application of reasonably priced low-density single nucleotide polymorphism technology in the selection of ...
Zhang M - - 2013
In the present study, we investigated two embryo transport methods, including a commercial cell transporter and a self-made, simple embryo transporter, for the pre-implantation development of porcine parthenogenetic embryos. The cleaved embryos were randomly distributed between the two types of embryo transport methods and were conserved in vitro for 2, ...
Zhang X-D - - 2013
Quantitative RT-PCR (RT-qPCR) is an important method for investigating changes in mRNA expression levels in cells and tissues. Selection of the proper reference genes is very important when calibrating the results of RT-qPCR. Studies on the selection of reference genes in goat tissues are limited, despite the economic importance of ...
Albero G - - 2013
The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of repeated ovum pickup (OPU) on buffalo welfare. The OPU was carried out as previously described (Neglia et al. 2003 Theriogenology 59, 1123-1130) twice per week on 11 buffalo cows at 121±15 days in milk for 2 months (end of ...
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