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Results 151 - 200 of 2047
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Iran-Nejad Asghar - - 2013
We argue that prioritization, simultaneity, and mutual exclusion are mind-body integration functions that can't be addressed meaningfully at the psychological (computational) level alone. We describe the outlook for an integration between Kurzban et al.'s profound discussion of opportunity cost/benefit prioritization and decades of related development in biofunctional science.
Fayyaz Muhammad - - 2013
Objective: To determine the types of pathogens causing blood stream infections and their drug susceptibility profile in immunocompromised patients. Study Design: Cross-sectional, observational study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Microbiology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Rawalpindi, from January to September 2012. Methodology: Blood culture bottles received from immunocompromised ...
Bair Eric - - 2013
Incidence of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) was predicted with multivariable models that used putative risk factors collected from initially TMD-free individuals in the Orofacial Pain: Prospective Evaluation and Risk Assessment (OPPERA) study. The 202 baseline risk factors included sociodemographic and clinical characteristics, measures of general health status, experimental pain sensitivity, autonomic ...
Segot-Chicq Evelyne - - 2013
The 28-item Menopausal Skin Quality Of Life (MSkinQOL), a previously validated French questionnaire, developed to assess psychological features of menopausal women and to measure the benefits of using cosmetic skincare products was translated and validated to assess a skincare product in the USA. Construct validity, reliability, reproducibility, and responsiveness were ...
Stroud T - - 2013
The present objective was to determine if interspecies somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) could be a viable option for producing cloned Rocky Mountain bighorn sheep (RMBS) embryos, a model for other endangered ovine species or sheep of high genetic value. A primary question was whether viable cells from a harvested ...
Jorssen E P A - - 2013
Research has shown that 17-α-ethinyl oestradiol (EE2), an important component of most oral birth-control pills, acts as a xeno-oestrogen after being released into the environment through urine and feces. Although this emphasizes the need for the evaluation of its toxicity, several oocyte and embryo-toxic effects have been reported (Beker-Van Woudenberg ...
Cai L - - 2013
Evaluation of morphology of first polar body (1st PB) could be a method for the oocyte's quality and developmental competence. The developmental potential of oocyte with fragmented PB after in vitro maturation (IVM) is a controversial issue. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of PB morphology ...
Jung E M - - 2013
An embryonic stem cell test (EST) has been developed to evaluate the embryotoxic potential of chemicals with an in vitro system. In the present study, novel methods to screen toxic chemicals during the developmental process were evaluated using undifferentiated human embryonic stem (hES: H9) cells. hES H9 cells were obtained ...
Pereira Lenore - - 2013
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection is transmitted from the infected mother to the placenta and fetus. Virus replicates in the decidua, invasive cytotrophoblasts that breach the uterine vasculature and villous cytotrophoblasts underlying syncytiotrophoblasts, then reaches blood vessels in the villus core. Virus replication, fibrosis, and edema result in a hypoxic intrauterine ...
Amato Anthony A - - 2013
To discuss the clinical, laboratory, and histopathologic features and presumed pathogenic mechanisms of the four major categories of idiopathic inflammatory myopathy, namely dermatomyositis, polymyositis, immune-mediated necrotizing myopathy, and inclusion body myositis. Dermatomyositis, polymyositis, necrotizing myopathy, and inclusion body myositis are clinically, histologically, and pathogenically distinct. Polymyositis is a T cell-mediated ...
O'Reilly Marian A R - - 2013
Amputations are increasingly prevalent because of medical complications associated with diabetes, meningitis, peripheral vascular disease, and neoplasms as well as road traffic accidents and war. The use of ultrasound (U/S) to diagnose the cause of pain in the residual limb of amputees is presented together with a review of the ...
Kennedy-Armbruster Carol - - 2013
Identifying potential modifiable determinants of functional movement ability and fatigue may inform efforts to maintain constant physical readiness, especially in active duty military over 40 years of age, who are largely sedentary throughout their work day. The primary aim of this study was to determine the associations among conventional fitness ...
Shin C W - - 2013
Recently, in order to advance biological technology and increase the number of elite dogs that possess unique abilities, researchers have put more focus on cloning superior dogs that have been acknowledged in their respective fields. These experiments depend on the known fact that cloned dogs will be both physically and ...
Popken J - - 2013
Development of mammalian pre-implantation embryos provides an excellent model to explore interactions of nuclear organisation and nuclear functions. Based on light optical sectioning with confocal laser scanning microscopy and structured illumination microscopy, we performed a quantitative three-dimensional image analysis of nuclei in early bovine embryos generated by in vitro fertilization ...
Sudano M J - - 2013
Even though FCS provides energy substrates, amino acids, vitamins, growth factors, and heavy-metal chelators, its supplementation has been associated with several embryo abnormalities such as mitochondrial degeneration, metabolic deviations, excessive lipid accumulation, and decreased embryo survival after cryopreservation. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of ...
Ji Jun Ho - - 2013
Abstract Release of nanomaterials was assessed in a cleanroom workplace designed for the handling of multi-walled carbon nanotubes. During the process, the nanotubes were sprayed in a chamber fitted with an exhaust duct system. The front door of the spraying chamber was completely closed, but rear end of the chamber ...
Adams T L - - 2013
Synthetic RNA transfection has been an invaluable tool in understanding the mammalian genome because of its ability to deliver exogenous protein without mutagenic effects caused by double-stranded DNA. A common problem associated with the introduction of exogenous mRNA into mammalian cells is the stimulated interferon response. This innate immune response ...
Canel N C - - 2013
TM-intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) was demonstrated to be an effective technique for the production of transgenic animals. However, this method has not been widely applied for transgenesis in cattle, because of the low embryo developmental rates. This problem may be related to the incomplete sperm decondensation and subsequent pronuclei formation ...
Fowler Karen B - - 2013
The association between congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) was first described almost 50 years ago. Studies over the intervening decades have further described the relationship between congenital CMV infection and SNHL in children. However, congenital CMV infection remains a leading cause of SNHL in children in ...
- - 2013
Faculty at Indiana University School of Medicine are set to launch a community paramedicine program aimed at preventing repeat hospital and ED visits for acute exacerbations of asthma in children. Under the program, all children who are treated in the hospital or ED for asthma will receive home visits by ...
Carter Evan C - - 2013
The depletion effect, a decreased capacity for self-control following previous acts of self-control, is thought to result from a lack of necessary psychological/physical resources (i.e., "ego depletion"). Kurzban et al. present an alternative explanation for depletion; but based on statistical techniques that evaluate and adjust for publication bias, we question ...
Zhang Shu-Kun - - 2013
To investigate the effect of modified Xiaochaihu Decoction (, MXD) on transforming growth factor-β1/Sma- and Mad-related proteins (TGF-β1/Smads) signaling pathway in rats with chronic pancreatitis (CP) induced by dibutyltin dichloride. Thirty healthy male Wistar rats were randomly divided into the normal control group, CP group and CP+MXD-treated group. CP was ...
M King Wendy - - 2013
Aside from some inflammatory myopathies and very few genetic disorders, there are no therapies that make most patients with myopathies stronger. Consequently, the management of these patients can be frustrating for patients and their families as well as the clinicians taking care of them. Treatment of these patients must involve ...
Dubina Meghan - - 2013
Forehead and glabella rhytides are treated mostly with neurotoxins, although some practitioners prefer the concurrent use of fillers. It has been suggested that combination treatments can result in a better overall improvement. To compare the safety and effectiveness of treatment of forehead and glabellar lines with botulinum toxin A alone ...
Lee Jiunn-Tat - - 2013
Free flaps have become a popular option for the reconstruction of intraoral defects. The radial forearm flap used to be the workhorse flap for small and thin defects, but was associated with numerous donor-site morbidities. The proximal lateral leg flap can provide a thin and pliable tissue similar to the ...
Kintzle Sara - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to explore rates of secondary traumatic stress (STS) in a sample of 70 military primary and mental health care providers. The sample included working professionals within two military hospitals. Participants completed surveys containing a demographic questionnaire and the Secondary Traumatic Stress Scale. Results of ...
Hawk Alan J - - 2013
When his unit, the 2nd Surgical Hospital (MA), was established at An Khe in January 1966, MAJ Rich began collecting retrieved foreign bodies along with documentation of the wound. A museum displaying these objects was established at one end of the operating room Quonset hut. During Rich's tour of duty, ...
Butler Stephen T - - 2013
The advent of AI has markedly improved the production potential of dairy cows in all systems of production and transformed the dairy industry in many countries. Unfortunately, for many years breeding objectives focused solely on milk production. This resulted in a major decline in genetic merit for fertility traits. In ...
Silva B G - - 2013
The objective of the present study was to determine the concentration of cholesterol or cholestanol-loaded-cyclodextrin that needs to be added to goat sperm before cryopreservation to optimize its survival. The cholesterol or cholestanol loaded methyl-β-cyclodextrin was prepared as described by Moraes et al. (2010 Anim. Reprod. Sci. 118, 148-154). A ...
Mourier E - - 2013
The developmental origins of health and disease concept stipulates that nutritional imbalance in the preconceptional and gestational periods induces risks for the development and long-term health of the individual. In industrialized countries, most women take nutritional supplements before and during pregnancy, regardless of their diet. Potentially harmful embryonic and fetal ...
Lliteras E R - - 2013
The production of excessive levels of reactive oxygen species can be a major problem during in vitro embryo culture. Although studies have shown that supplementation with exogenous antioxidants can improve embryo quality, the results are controversial among researchers. In this study, we examined the effects of different concentrations of β-mercaptoethanol ...
Serve Kinta M - - 2013
Abstract Fibrosis, characterized by excessive collagen protein deposition, is a progressive disease that can fatally inhibit organ function. Prolonged exposure to pathogens or environmental toxicants such as asbestos can lead to chronic inflammatory responses associated with fibrosis. Significant exposure to amphibole asbestos has been reported in and around Libby, Montana ...
Deyoung Colin G - - 2013
Individuals high in the personality trait Openness to Experience appear to engage spontaneously (during wake) in processes of elaborative encoding similar to those Llewellyn identifies in both dreaming and the ancient art of memory (AAOM). Links between Openness and dreaming support the hypothesis that dreaming is part of a larger ...
Porte Helene Sophrin - - 2013
Toward illuminating the structure of Llewellyn's dream theory, I compare it in formal terms to Freud's dream theory. An alternative to both of these dream machines, grounded in the distribution of cholinergic activation in the central nervous system, is presented. It is suggested that neither "high" nor "low" dream theory ...
Mahmud Shahid - - 2013
Takayasu arteritis is a systemic vasulitis of large vessels that mainly involves the aorta and its branches. It normally presents in third decade of life and has rarely been reported in children under 10 years of age. We report here a case of Takayasu arteritis in a 5 years old ...
González-Serrano A F - - 2013
Information on how supplementation of high-yield dairy cows with rumen-protected fat affects fertility in cattle herds is scarce. Here, Holstein-Friesian heifers (n=84) received a supplement consisting of either rumen-protected conjugated linoleic acid (CLA; cis-9,trans-11-CLA and trans-10,cis-12-CLA) or stearic acid 18:0 (SA) on top of an isocaloric grass silage diet. Two ...
Harris J P - - 2013
Fertilisation is less than expected with spermatozoa from bulls consuming toxic endophyte-infected (E+) tall fescue. The objective of this study was to evaluate motility characteristics of spermatozoa from bulls grazing tall fescue pastures using computer-assisted sperm analysis (CASA). Semen was collected from six Angus bulls (average age=15.1±0.04 months) during a ...
Vivanco-Mackie H W - - 2013
Alpacas are induced ovulators, responding to copulation and (or) exogenous application of ovulation-inducing hormones. The objective of this study was to determine the efficiency of the injection of a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist versus LH in the induction of ovulation and the presence and size of non-ovulated follicles at the ...
Saugandhika S - - 2013
The maternal pregnancy recognition factor interferon tau (IFN-τ) is expressed in multiple isoforms in all pecoran ruminant species. Interferon-τ, as the first pregnancy signaling molecule, performs a significant role in implantation as well as establishment of pregnancy. Due to low reproductive efficiency of buffalo compared with bovine and IFN-τ being ...
Yoon J D - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of co-culture with cumulus-derived somatic cells (CSC) during porcine in vitro maturation (IVM) and subsequent embryonic development after IVF. The CSC were cultured in Dulbecco's modified Eagle medium for 48h with various numbers of cumulus-derived somatic cells (0.0, 2.5, 5.0, ...
Kang H S - - 2013
Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) have a potential for differentiation into neuronal cells. Neural differentiation of hESCs is currently used in many fields of neurological study. Therefore, evaluation of developmental neurotoxicity in hESCs is possible during the embryonic period. In the current study, we investigated the neuronal toxicity of hydroxyurea, ...
- - 2013
The University of Michigan Health System is developing clinical programming and deploying specially trained care managers as part of an initiative aimed at eliminating unnecessary hospital admissions. The ED-based care managers will assess every patient who comes to the ED, but focus their time on developing outpatient care alternatives for ...
Pretorius Marthi A - - 2013
Background. Of the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) genotypes previously described in South Africa during 1997-2002, only GA2 and GA5 persisted until 2006, with BA having replaced all previous RSV-B genotypes. This poses the question whether RSV-A is more stable than RSV-B and whether positive selection drives evolution of genotypes. Methods. RSV-positive specimens ...
Kurzban Robert - - 2013
Why does performing certain tasks cause the aversive experience of mental effort and concomitant deterioration in task performance? One explanation posits a physical resource that is depleted over time. We propose an alternative explanation that centers on mental representations of the costs and benefits associated with task performance. Specifically, certain ...
Ballow Mark - - 2013
To review the literature related to the identification and treatment of secondary complications associated with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID). The databases of PubMed and Ovid MEDLINE were searched for articles pertaining to comorbid conditions occurring in patients with CVID and effective treatment for or management of those conditions. Articles were ...
Prudkov Pavel N - - 2013
Kurzban et al. associate mental effort and fatigue with a hypothetical mechanism able to estimate the utilities of possible actions and then select the action with a maximal utility. However, this approach faces fundamental problems. In my opinion, mental effort and fatigue are results of a conflict between the monotony ...
Sheridan Carol A - - 2013
Patient safety is one of the most frequent terms used in health care today. Patients and their families are, first and foremost, focused on receiving effective and safe care, and oncology nurses strive to incorporate clinical evidence into day-to-day practice. This article provides a road map on how to incorporate ...
Oberbeck A - - 2013
Influenced by French psychiatry, the first German works on obsessive-compulsive phenomena were published in the second half of the 19th century. First they were seen as one form of the unitary psychosis, later they became involved in the dispute about the concept of paranoia. The first German definition, proposed by ...
Chen Yo-Shen - - 2013
The reconstruction of a through-and-through cheek defect with oral commissure involvement can be challenging. When attempting to reconstruct its seam-like structure or to replace its supple lip tissue, postoperative morbidities such as drooling, microstomia, and poor aesthetic appearance can often occur and be difficult to correct. After inspecting the oral ...
Miles Shana - - 2013
Assuming that budgetary constraints continue over the next several years, the U.S. military's overseas medical activities including medical civic action projects (MEDCAPs) and humanitarian assistance projects could comprise an increasing proportion of the contributions of U.S. government (USG) to improving global health. We have identified several issues with MEDCAPs in ...
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