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Tan Yan - - 2013
Aim:Aptamers are oligonucleic acid or peptide molecules that bind to a specific target molecule in cells, thus may act as effective vehicles for drug or siRNA delivery. In this study we investigated the DNA aptamers that target human glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) cells overexpressing epidermal growth factor receptor variant III (EGFRvIII), ...
Singh Khuraijam Dhanachandra - - 2013
Aim:Both endothelin ETA receptor antagonists and angiotensin AT1 receptor antagonists lower blood pressure in hypertensive patients. A dual AT1 and ETA receptor antagonist may be more efficacious antihypertensive drug. In this study we identified the mode and mechanism of binding of imidazole series of compounds as dual AT1 and ETA ...
Soper David E - - 2013
Maternal cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the cause of the most frequent congenital infection in America; however, pregnant women are not routinely screened. Primary CMV infection is associated with a high maternal-to-child transmission rate (40%); up to 15% of these infected neonates will be symptomatic at birth and develop permanent sequelae that ...
Pereira Lenore - - 2013
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection is transmitted from the infected mother to the placenta and fetus. Virus replicates in the decidua, invasive cytotrophoblasts that breach the uterine vasculature and villous cytotrophoblasts underlying syncytiotrophoblasts, then reaches blood vessels in the villus core. Virus replication, fibrosis, and edema result in a hypoxic intrauterine ...
Boppana Suresh B - - 2013
Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is a leading cause of hearing loss and neurologic disabilities in children worldwide. Infants with symptomatic congenital CMV infection at birth are at significantly increased risk for developing adverse long-term outcomes. The vast majority of infants with congenital CMV infection have no clinical findings at birth ...
Fowler Karen B - - 2013
The association between congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) was first described almost 50 years ago. Studies over the intervening decades have further described the relationship between congenital CMV infection and SNHL in children. However, congenital CMV infection remains a leading cause of SNHL in children in ...
Parruti Giustino - - 2013
Immunoglobulins are one major component of adaptive immunity to external and resident microorganisms, evolving very early in phylogenesis. They help eukaryotes in controlling infections, mainly through their neutralizing activity, which quenches both the cytopathic and inflammatory potential of invading microorganisms. Cytomegalovirus (CMV)-related disease is generally blunted in seropositive subjects with ...
Adler Stuart P - - 2013
Reported maternal-to-fetal rates of primary cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection during pregnancy have been between 30% and 50%. The highest rate of symptomatic congenital infection and sequelae occurs in about 25% of infected infants born of mothers with a primary infection during pregnancy. Symptomatic infants demonstrate a constellation of clinical features that ...
Nigro Giovanni - - 2013
Primary cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection during the first half of pregnancy is responsible for the majority of symptomatic congenital infections. Between one-third and one-half of fetuses become infected, and up to one-half of infected fetuses will have neurologic or sensorineural sequelae at birth or later in life. Following favorable results obtained ...
McVoy Michael A - - 2013
An effective cytomegalovirus (CMV) vaccine could prevent the majority of birth defects caused by congenital CMV infections. Candidate vaccines in clinical evaluation include live attenuated, protein subunit, DNA, and viral-vectored approaches. Subunit approaches have focused on the CMV proteins pp65 and IE1 as important inducers of cytotoxic T cells and ...
R Girardin François - - 2013
OBJECTIVE The authors aimed to determine the prevalence of drug-induced long QT at admission to a public psychiatric hospital and to document the associated factors using a cross-sectional approach. METHOD All ECG recordings over a 5-year period were reviewed for drug-induced long QT (heart-rate corrected QT ≥500 ms and certain ...
Kurman R J - - 2013
A new paradigm for the pathogenesis of ovarian cancer has recently been proposed which helps to explain persistent problems in describing the development and diverse morphology of these neoplasms. The paradigm incorporates recent advances in our understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of epithelial 'ovarian' cancer with new insights into the ...
Kohn E C - - 2013
In the era of morphologic diagnostics, any epithelial tumor on or involving the ovaries was presumed to come from and be strictly of ovarian origin, apart from the rare but clearly metastatic tumors. Thus, many women who might have had small fallopian tube primary cancers that rapidly extended on to ...
Harter P - - 2013
Several reports have suggested that secondary cytoreductive surgery in relapsed ovarian cancer is beneficial. This review is summarizing the positive aspects of this approach, which have led to this suggestion.
Markman M - - 2013
Secondary cytoreduction in the management of patients with recurrent ovarian cancer is a commonly employed strategy. Unfortunately, there remain 'no evidence-based phase III trial data' to demonstrate the survival benefits of this approach compared with the reintroduction of chemotherapy without surgery at the time of documented progression of the cancer. ...
Walker J L - - 2013
Women presenting with epithelial ovarian cancer should be treated in centers with both aggressive surgical and chemotherapy teams prepared to confront the modifiable factors, which can optimize the patient's outcome. This implies experience in extensive cytoreductive surgery, including the removal of the tumor from the upper abdomen. An intraperitoneal (IP) ...
González-Martín A - - 2013
Approximately 75% of patients with advanced ovarian cancer will have a recurrence of their disease within the first 3 years after upfront surgery and paclitaxel-carboplatin-based chemotherapy. An optimal choice of treatment of patients with a recurrence is an important issue, and several factors should be taken into account in this ...
Wei Wei - - 2013
Heterologous expression of ß-glucosidase is one of the approaches to enhance the efficiency of fungal cellulase preparations. It has been reported that N-glycosylation affects the structure framework, function and stability of proteins. In this study, a ß-glucosidase from Aspergillus terreus (GenBank: XP_001216552, BglS) was heterologously expressed in Pichia pastoris and ...
Llewellyn Sue - - 2013
This article argues that rapid eye movement (REM) dreaming is elaborative encoding for episodic memories. Elaborative encoding in REM can, at least partially, be understood through ancient art of memory (AAOM) principles: visualization, bizarre association, organization, narration, embodiment, and location. These principles render recent memories more distinctive through novel and ...
Monk B J - - 2013
Angiogenesis plays a fundamental role in the pathogenesis of ovarian cancer. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression has been associated with the development of malignant ascites and tumor progression. Bevacizumab (Avastin(®); Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA), a humanized anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody, is the most widely studied antiangiogenesis agent across ...
Dancey J - - 2013
Recent advances in molecular profiling have shown that cancers arising from the ovary are phenotypically and genetically heterogeneous. Within histologies, many mutations in druggable targets are uncommon in frequency but mutations leading to activation of specific signal transduction pathways are common. These results support the notion that different targeted agents ...
Friedlander M L - - 2013
There is general acceptance of the importance of incorporating patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures including health-related quality of life (HRQOL) into clinical trials, and there are now a number of guidance documents available on how to use PRO's for regulatory authorities and in comparative effectiveness research. The methods used to collect, ...
Bimler David L - - 2013
The target article addresses historical and present-day mnemotechnics as a practice. It also deserves scrutiny as culture writ small. For would-be Hermetic adepts of the Renaissance and Baroque, the ancient art of memory (AAOM) provided both an iconography and a projective-test vision of possibilities. In contemporary fiction, Memory Palaces become ...
Lopez J - - 2013
Over the past 40 years, the treatment of ovarian cancer has undoubtedly improved as a result of better multi-modality care and platinum-based chemotherapy. More recently, the introduction of anti-angiogenic therapy, PARP inhibitors and a weekly regimen for paclitaxel indicate that results are likely to improve further. However, major challenges remain ...
Blagrove Mark - - 2013
Llewellyn's claim that rapid eye movement (REM) dream imagery may be related to the processes involved in memory consolidation during sleep is plausible. However, whereas there is voluntary and deliberate intention behind the construction of images in the ancient art of memory (AAOM) method, there is a lack of intentionality ...
- - 2013
The University of Michigan Health System is developing clinical programming and deploying specially trained care managers as part of an initiative aimed at eliminating unnecessary hospital admissions. The ED-based care managers will assess every patient who comes to the ED, but focus their time on developing outpatient care alternatives for ...
Wei W - - 2013
Despite improvements in the management of ovarian cancer patients over the last 30 years, there has been only a minimal improvement in overall survival. While targeted therapeutic approaches for the treatment of cancer have evolved, major challenges in ovarian cancer research persist, including the identification of predictive biomarkers with clinical ...
Cheng Sen - - 2013
We propose that rapid eye movement (REM) and slow-wave sleep contribute differently to the formation of episodic memories. REM sleep is important for building up invariant object representations that eventually recur to gamma-band oscillations in the neocortex. In contrast, slow-wave sleep is more directly involved in the consolidation of episodic ...
- - 2013
To address declining volumes and suboptimal patient satisfaction in the ED, administrators at North Adams Regional Hospital used lean techniques to eliminate waste and streamline the triage process. A few months into the new approach, administrators say that average daily visits to the ED have increased from 42 to 54, ...
Cicogna Piercarla - - 2013
The question that we deal with in this commentary is the need to clarify the synergistic role of different non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep stages (stages 2 and 3-4) with REM and while awake in elaborative encoding of episodic memory. If the assumption is that there is isomorphism between neuronal ...
D'Agostino Armando - - 2013
In her target article, Sue Llewellyn concludes that an unconstrained form of consciousness is necessary for the elaboration of meaningful associations. Unlike the author's view that dedifferentiation of memory encoding processes across wakefulness and sleep determines schizophrenia, our proposal suggests this mechanism could reflect a common neurobiological substrate for psychosis ...
- - 2013
Government regulators are stepping up efforts to reduce harm from health care-associated infections (HAI) in 2014. This is expected to include unannounced visits to hospitals by inspectors from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). Experts recommend that hospitals prepare for such visits by thoroughly reviewing the agency's revised ...
Deliens Gaétane - - 2013
Llewellyn suggests that episodic memories undergo "elaborative encoding" during rapid eye movement (REM) dreams, generating novel associations between recent and remote memories that are then instantiated during non-REM (NREM) sleep. This hypothesis conflicts with our knowledge of the physiology of NREM and then REM sleep stages and their ordered succession. ...
- - 2013
To move hospitals toward what it terms high-reliability, The Joint Commission (TJC) is urging administrators to use a framework that it has developed to push their organizations through stages of maturity, ultimately creating environments in which there is zero patient harm. To get to this point, TJC leaders say hospitals ...
Desseilles Martin - - 2013
During dreaming, as well as during wakefulness, elaborative encoding, indexing and ancient art of memory (AAOM) techniques, such as the method of loci, may coincide with emotion regulation. These techniques shed light on the link between dreaming and emotional catharsis, post-traumatic stress disorder, supermemorization during sleep as opposed to wakefulness, ...
- - 2013
Faculty at Indiana University School of Medicine are set to launch a community paramedicine program aimed at preventing repeat hospital and ED visits for acute exacerbations of asthma in children. Under the program, all children who are treated in the hospital or ED for asthma will receive home visits by ...
Deyoung Colin G - - 2013
Individuals high in the personality trait Openness to Experience appear to engage spontaneously (during wake) in processes of elaborative encoding similar to those Llewellyn identifies in both dreaming and the ancient art of memory (AAOM). Links between Openness and dreaming support the hypothesis that dreaming is part of a larger ...
Dominey Peter Ford - - 2013
A method is proposed where static patterns or snapshots of cortical activity that could be stored as hyperassociative indices in hippocampus can subsequently be retrieved and reinjected into the neocortex in order to enable neocortex to then proceed to unfold the corresponding sequence, thus implementing an index-based sequence memory storage ...
Dresler Martin - - 2013
We studied the world's most distinguished experts in the use of mnemonic techniques: the top participants of the World Memory Championships. They neither feel the use of mnemonics to be dreamlike, nor does their REM sleep differ from mnemonic-naive control subjects. Besides these empirical data, also theoretical considerations contradict an ...
Huo Xixiang - - 2013
Severe acute respiratory illness (SARI) surveillance began in Jingzhou City, China, in 2010. A subset of 511 children aged <5 years enrolled in the SARI study during 2011 were tested for influenza and noninfluenza respiratory viral infection by real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) was most commonly ...
Erdelyi Matthew Hugh - - 2013
Classic traditions have linked dreams to memory (e.g., "dreaming is another kind of remembering" [Freud 1918/1955]) and modern notions like implicit memory subsume dreaming by definition. Llewellyn develops the more specific thesis that rapid eye movement (REM) dreams, because of their similarities to mnemonic techniques, have the function of elaboratively ...
Rowlinson Emily - - 2013
Background. Most reports about respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) in developing countries rely on sentinel surveillance, from which population incidence is difficult to infer. We used the proportion of RSV infections from population-based surveillance with data from a healthcare utilization survey to produce estimates of RSV incidence in Damanhour district, Egypt. Methods. We ...
Girard Todd A - - 2013
Llewellyn's proposal that rapid eye movement (REM) dreaming reflects elaborative encoding mediated by the hippocampus ("seahorse") offers an interesting perspective for understanding hallucinations accompanying sleep paralysis (SP; "night-mare"). SP arises from anomalous intrusion of REM processes into waking consciousness, including threat-detection systems mediated by the amygdala ("almond"). Unique aspects of ...
McCracken John P - - 2013
Background. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a major cause of acute respiratory illness (ARI). Little is known about RSV disease among older children and adults in Central America. Methods. Prospective surveillance for ARI among hospital patients and clinic patients was conducted in Guatemala during 2007-2012. Nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal swab specimens were tested ...
Globus Gordon - - 2013
Sometimes while sleeping we find ourselves thrown amidst an authentic, albeit bizarre, world. The process of integration by means of which memory elements might be fabricated into a seamless world indistinguishable from the world of waking life is not explained by Llewellyn, who focuses instead on the elaborative encoding of ...
Bigogo Godfrey M - - 2013
Background. Information on the epidemiology of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection in Africa is limited for crowded urban areas and for rural areas where the prevalence of malaria is high. Methods. At referral facilities in rural western Kenya and a Nairobi slum, we collected nasopharyngeal/oropharyngeal (NP/OP) swab specimens from patients with influenza-like ...
Moyes Jocelyn - - 2013
Background. There are limited data on respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection among children in settings with a high prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). We studied the epidemiology of RSV-associated acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRTI) hospitalizations among HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected children in South Africa. Methods. Children aged <5 years admitted to ...
Hobson Allan - - 2013
Revision of Freud's theory requires a new way of seeking dream meaning. With the idea of elaborative encoding, Sue Llewellyn has provided a method of dream interpretation that takes into account both modern sleep science and the ancient art of memory. Her synthesis is elegant and compelling. But is her ...
Pretorius Marthi A - - 2013
Background. Of the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) genotypes previously described in South Africa during 1997-2002, only GA2 and GA5 persisted until 2006, with BA having replaced all previous RSV-B genotypes. This poses the question whether RSV-A is more stable than RSV-B and whether positive selection drives evolution of genotypes. Methods. RSV-positive specimens ...
Kirov Roumen - - 2013
Brain activation patterns and mental, electrophysiological, and neurobiological features of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep suggest more functions than only elaborative encoding. Hence, the periodic occurrence of REM sleep episodes and dreaming may be regarded as a recurrent adaptive interference, which incorporates recent memories into a broader vital context comprising ...
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