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Cameron E Leslie - - 2013
Hyperosmia is suspected in pregnancy; however, no empirical study using validated measures of olfactory function has clearly confirmed the anecdotal reports of this phenomenon. The goal of the current study is to compare the olfactory sensitivity of pregnant women to that of nonpregnant women and men. All participants rated their ...
Li Kun - - 2013
Nanoscale self-assembly offers a pathway to realize heterogeneous integration of III-V materials on silicon. However, for III-V nanowires directly grown on silicon, dislocation-free single-crystal quality could only be attained below certain critical dimensions. We recently reported a new approach that overcomes this size constraint, demonstrating the growth of single-crystal InGaAs/GaAs ...
Wang Jinliang - - 2013
Many plants and some animal species are polyploids. Non-disomically inherited markers (e.g. microsatellites) in such species cannot be analysed directly by standard population genetics methods developed for diploid species. One solution is to transform the polyploid codominant genotypes to pseudo diploid dominant genotypes, which can then be analysed by standard ...
Kendzor Darla E - - 2013
Discrimination is a commonly perceived stressor among African Americans and Latinos, and previous research has linked stress with substance dependence. Although studies have shown a link between discrimination and smoking, little is known about the relation between discrimination and nicotine dependence. A total of 2,376 African American (33.4%; n = ...
Tsampalieros A - - 2013
This prospective study evaluated changes in dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) whole body bone mineral content (WB-BMC) and spine areal bone mineral density (spine-BMD), and tibia quantitative computed tomography (QCT) trabecular and cortical volumetric BMD and cortical area in 56 children over 12 months following renal transplantation. At transplant, spine-BMD ...
Jang Ki Po - - 2013
A highly selective NHC-catalyzed synthesis of γ-butyrolactones from the fusion of enals and α-ketophosphonates has been developed. Computational modeling of competing transition states was employed to guide a rational design strategy and achieve enhanced levels of enantioselectivity with a new C1-symmetric biaryl saturated imidazolium-derived NHC catalyst. This new annulation is ...
Pomogaeva Anna - - 2013
The aqueous hydrogen atom is studied with molecular dynamics simulations from ambient temperature up to near the critical point. The radial distribution functions find a hydrogen atom coordination number of about 13 water molecules at 300K down to about 4 at 646K. The radial and angular distribution functions indicate that ...
Capra V - - 2013
Activation of thromboxane prostanoid (TP) receptor on platelets, monocytes/macrophages, endothelial cells (EC) and vascular smooth muscle cells (SMC) plays important roles in regulating platelet activation and vascular tone, and in the pathogenesis of thrombosis and vascular inflammation. Oxidative stress and vascular inflammation increase the formation of TP receptor agonists, which promote ...
Lee Hae-Hyeog - - 2013
The article correlating labor ward size with obstetric patient safety highlighted a legal problem in obstetric injuries (1). We agree that some type of compensation system in obstetrics injuries is important, as obstetricians worldwide are concerned about the legal problems they face, although the world diversity in obstetric health systems ...
Xiao Jing - - 2013
Systematic manipulation of nanocrystal shapes is prerequisite for revealing their shape-dependent physical and chemical properties. Here we successfully prepared a complex shape of Pt micro/nanocrystals  convex hexoctahedron (HOH) enclosed with 48 {15 5 3} high-index facets by electrochemical square-wave-potential (SWP) method. This shape is the last crystal single form ...
Hartley Meredith D MD Department of Biology and Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA - - 2013
Membrane-bound polyprenol-dependent pathways are important for the assembly of essential glycoconjugates in all domains of life. However, despite their prevalence, the functional significance of the extended linear polyprenyl groups in the interactions of the glycan substrates, the biosynthetic enzymes that act upon them, and the membrane bilayer in which they ...
Ozawa Rika - - 2013
Intermittent exposure during a period of 3 weeks of undamaged Arabidopsis plants to trace amounts of volatiles emitted by freshly damaged Arabidopsis plants resulted in an increase of subsequent artificial-damage-induced production of (Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetate and (Z)-3-hexen-1-ol in the exposed Arabidopsis plants when compared with Arabidopsis plants exposed to undamaged Arabidopsis ...
Abe Junya - - 2013
Objectives. Aicardi-Goutières syndrome (AGS) is a rare, genetically determined, early onset progressive encephalopathy associated with autoimmune manifestations. AGS is usually inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. The disease is rare, therefore the clinical manifestations and genotype-phenotype correlations, particularly with regard to autoimmune diseases, are still unclear. Here we performed a ...
Wang L-H - - 2013
Background:Gambogic acid (GA) has been reported to have potent anticancer activity and is authorised to be tested in phase II clinical trials for treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The present study aims to investigate whether GA would be synergistic with cisplatin (CDDP) against the NSCLC.Methods:1-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-3,5-diphenylformazan (MTT), combination index (CI) ...
Rezaei Rad Babak - - 2013
The salt [K([18]crown-6){Cp*Fe(η(4)-C4py4)}] (, py = 2-pyridyl, Cp* = C5Me5) is accessible by the reaction of an iron(0) naphthalene precursor and bis(2-pyridyl)acetylene. Cyclic voltammetry and preparative investigations demonstrate the electron-rich nature of , which is reversibly oxidized to neutral [Cp*Fe(η(4)-C4py4)] () at a low potential. The first coordination studies with ...
Granata G - - 2013
In the clinical setting the bulbocavernosus reflex (BCR) is elicited by squeezing the glans penis and digitally palpating the contraction of the bulbocavernosus (BC) muscle. In neurophysiology the BCR is obtained by stimulating the dorsal nerve of the penis or clitoris and by recording the response from BC muscle and ...
Hassan Tidi - - 2013
Retention of abnormal alpha-1 antitrypsin activates the unfolded protein response in alpha-1 antitrypsin deficient monocytes. The regulatory role of microRNAs in unfolded protein responses and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease pathogenesis has not been investigated. To investigate microRNA expression and function in MM and ZZ monocytes and identify microRNA(s) regulating the ...
Moritaka Hatsue - - 2013
This study aimed to investigate the influence of carbonated drinks with gas volumes (GV) of 0, 1.5, and 2.7 on linguapalatal swallowing pressure, intraoral carbonation perception, and maximum velocity of a bolus through the pharynx in healthy volunteers (N = 20, all female, age range; 20-21 years). The volunteers swallowed ...
Park Keun Young - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare clinical outcomes and treatment-related complications between coiling and clipping for ruptured distal anterior cerebral artery (DACA) aneurysms. Eighty-four consecutive patients (M:F = 36:48; mean 53.8 years) with ruptured DACA aneurysms were treated by either clipping (n = 46, 54.8%) or coiling (n ...
Yan Ya - - 2013
Well-defined ultrathin MoS2 nanoplates are developed by a facile solvent-dependent control route from single source precursor for the first time. The obtained ultrathin nanoplate with a thickness of ~5nm features high density of basal edges and abundant unsaturated active S atoms. The multistage growth process is investigated and the formation ...
White Heather M - - 2013
In this study, we used lentiviral-delivered shRNA to generate a clonal line of 3T3-F442A preadipocytes with stable silencing of Hepatocyte Growth Factor (HGF) expression, and examined the long-term consequence of this modification on fat pad development. HGF mRNA expression was reduced 94%, and HGF secretion 79% (P<0.01), compared to preadipocytes ...
Antiñolo Maria - - 2013
The relative importance in the atmosphere of UV photolysis of perfluoropropionaldehyde, CF3CF2CHO, and reaction with hydroxyl (OH) radicals has been investigated in this work. Firstly, the forbidden n-π* transition of the carbonyl chromophore was characterized between 230 and 380 nm as a function of temperature (269 - 298 K) and ...
Huang Chun-Chih - - 2013
In this study, an inkjet printing process was developed to produce thermistor arrays for temperature sensing applications. First, a formulation process was carefully performed to generate a stable nanoparticle ink for nickel oxide, a material with a large temperature coefficient of resistance. The thermistor was then fabricated by printing a ...
Iwaki Ryuma - - 2013
Repair of a postinfarction ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a challenging procedure with a high risk of postoperative residual shunt and subsequent mortality. This retrospective study aimed to assess a modified infarct exclusion technique with a biventricular approach. Nineteen consecutive patients who underwent the infarct exclusion procedure for VSD between ...
Cutini Pablo Hernán - - 2013
Medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) is a synthetic progestin commonly used in hormone replacement therapy (HRT). The aim of this work was to study and compare the effect of progesterone (Pg) and MPA, on the regulation of cellular events associated with vascular homeostasis and disease. Platelet adhesion to endothelial cells (ECs), nitric ...
Musfeldt J L - - 2013
This work brings together diamond anvil cell techniques, vibrational spectroscopies, and complementary lattice dynamics calculations to investigate pressure-induced local lattice distortions in α-Co[N(CN)2]2. Analysis of mode behavior and displacement patterns reveals a series of pressure-driven transitions that modify the CoN6 counter-rotations, distort the octahedra, and flatten the C-Nax-C linkages. These ...
Willis Lisa M LM Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada N1G - - 2013
Capsular polysaccharides (CPSs) are high-molecular-mass cell-surface polysaccharides, that act as important virulence factors for many pathogenic bacteria. Several clinically important Gram-negative pathogens share similar systems for CPS biosynthesis and export; examples include Escherichia coli, Campylobacter jejuni, Haemophilus influenzae, Neisseria meningitidis, and Pasteurella multocida. Each CPS contains a serotype-specific repeat-unit structure, ...
Hasegawa Toru - - 2013
Single crystals of Li3BP2O8 were prepared by heating a mixture of starting materials with a Li : B : P molar ratio of 22 : 11 : 13 at 933 K in air and by cooling at a rate of -10 K h(-1). The X-ray diffraction (XRD) reflections of a single crystal were indexed with triclinic cell parameters: ...
Tregunno Deborah - - 2013
As efforts to integrate patient safety into health professional curricula increase, there is growing recognition that the rate of curricular change is very slow, and there is a shortage of research that addresses critical perspectives of faculty who are on the 'front-lines' of curricular innovation. This study reports on medical, ...
Christensen Caspar Elo - - 2013
Accumulating evidence suggest that the pyridine nucleotide NAD has far wider biological functions than its classical role in energy metabolism. NAD is used by hundreds of enzymes that catalyse substrate oxidation and as such it plays a key role in various biological processes such as aging, cell death and oxidative ...
Sabet Sarvestani Raheleh - - 2013
The aim of this study was to explore the challenges of nursing handover process during shift rotation in hospitals. The research had a descriptive exploratory design with a qualitative content analysis approach. To conduct the study, three pediatric wards were selected at first. Data were gathered through a 4-month observation ...
Benz Sebastian - - 2013
ABSTRACT. In tissue engineering, survival of larger constructs remains challenging due to limited supply with oxygen caused by a lack of early vascularization. Controlled release of oxygen from small organic molecules represents a possible strategy to prevent cell death under anoxic conditions. A comprehensive study of methylated pyridone-derived endoperoxides has ...
Filardo Giuseppe - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Matrix-assisted autologous chondrocyte transplantation (MACT) has been shown to offer good outcomes at midterm follow-up, but results are heterogeneous among different patients and lesion types. Being part of the same joint, both patellar and trochlear cartilage lesions are commonly considered to be affected by the same treatment issues, and therefore, ...
Alserr Ayman H K - - 2013
We report a case of postarthroscopic popliteal artery pseudoaneurysm (PSA) with arteriovenous fistula (AVF; PSA-AVF) in a 53-year-old woman who presented with limb edema, pain, and bruit 1 year after arthroscopic meniscectomy. She was treated percutaneously by covered stent deployment. After 6 months of follow-up, the patient was asymptomatic, with ...
Banerjee Manish - - 2013
Treatment of tetrakis(diethylamido)zirconium(iv); [Zr(NEt2)4] with a series of β-ketoimines ({[RHN]C(CH3)[double bond, length as m-dash]C(H)C(CH3)[double bond, length as m-dash]O} where R is a functionalized side-chain; 4-(2-methoxyethylamino)pent-3-en-2-one, Hmeap; 4-(3-methoxypropylamino)pent-3-en-2-one, Hmpap; 4-(2-(dimethylamino)ethylamino)pent-3-en-2-one, Hdeap; 4-(3-(dimethylamino)propylamino)pent-3-en-2-one, Hdpap) leads to an amine substitution reaction that yielded novel monomeric heteroleptic mixed amido-ketoiminato complexes of the type bis(4-(2-methoxyethylamino)pent-3-en-2-onato)bis(diethylamido)zirconium(iv) ...
Jensen Roxanne E - - 2013
The use of electronic patient-reported outcomes (PRO) systems is increasing in cancer clinical care settings. This review comprehensively identifies existing PRO systems and explores how systems differ in the administration of PRO assessments, the integration of information into the clinic workflow and electronic health record (EHR) systems, and the reporting ...
Gan Yujun - - 2013
Growth hormone (GH) signals through GH receptor (GHR), a cytokine receptor linked to JAK2. GH activates STAT5, causing expression of genes including insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1). IGF-1 binds IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R), a heterotetrameric (α2-β2) tyrosine kinase growth factor receptor similar to insulin receptor (IR). In addition to this GH -> ...
Lloyd A - - 2013
Collaborative goal setting (between patient and professional) confers benefits within stroke and neurological rehabilitation, and is recommended in clinical guidelines. However, evidence suggests that patient participation in rehabilitation goal setting is not maximized, particularly within the hospital setting. The purpose of this study was to investigate physiotherapists' perceptions about their ...
Logan Jennifer K - - 2013
Prostate MRI is currently the best diagnostic imaging method for detecting prostate cancer. Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Ultrasound (MRI/US) fusion allows the sensitivity and specificity of MRI to be combined with real time capabilities of transrectal ultrasound (TRUS). Multiple approaches and techniques exist for MRI/US fusion and include (1) direct "in bore" ...
Blumer Joe B - - 2013
Activators of G-protein signaling (AGS), initially discovered in the search for receptor-independent activators of G-protein signaling, define a broad panel of biological regulators that influence signal transfer from receptor to G-protein, guanine nucleotide binding and hydrolysis, G-protein subunit interactions and/or serve as alternative binding partners for Gα and Gβγ independent ...
Giovannetti Elisa - - 2013
Loss of 18q22.3 is a prognostic marker in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). This study investigated genes encoded by this cytoband. We studied mRNA/protein expression in radically resected (n = 130) and metastatic patients (n = 50). The role of CYB5A was tested in 11 PDAC cell lines and five primary ...
Mangalam R V K - - 2013
Pyroelectric materials have been widely used for a range of thermal-related applications including thermal imaging/sensing, waste heat energy conversion, and electron emission. In general, the figures of merit for applications of pyroelectric materials are proportional to the pyroelectric coefficient and inversely proportional to the dielectric permittivity. In this context, we ...
Price Michelle - - 2013
The plant Glutamate-Like Receptors (GLRs) are homologs of animal ionotropic glutamate receptors (iGluRs), and are hypothesized to be potential amino acid sensors in plants. Genetic studies of proteins from this family implicate individual GLRs in a diversity of physiological roles in plants. Recently, amino-acid gated channel activities have been proven ...
Liu Guo - - 2013
Genome chaos, a process of complex, rapid genome re-organization, results in the formation of chaotic genomes which is followed by the potential to establish stable genomes. It was initially detected through cytogenetic analyses, and recently confirmed by whole genome sequencing efforts which identified multiple subtypes including "chromothripsis," "chromoplexy," "chromoanasynthesis", and ...
Dorman Susan E - - 2013
Rationale: Interferon gamma release assays (IGRAs) are alternatives to tuberculin skin testing (TST) for diagnosis of latent tuberculosis infection. Limited data suggest IGRAs may not perform well for serially testing healthcare workers (HCWs). Objective: Determine performance characteristics of IGRAs vs. TST for serially testing HCWs. Methods: A longitudinal study involving ...
Merced Amelia - - 2013
Mosses are central in understanding the origin, diversification, and early function of stomata in land plants. Oedipodium, the first extant moss with true stomata, has an elaborated capsule with numerous long-pored stomata; in contrast, the reduced and short-lived Ephemerum has few round-pored stomata. Here we present a comparative study of ...
Pak Chongin - - 2013
Fragments of the superconducting FeSe layer, FeSe2 tetrahedral chains, were stabilized in the crystal structure of a new mixed-valent compound Fe3Se4(en)2 (en = ethylenediamine) synthesized from elemental Fe and Se. The FeSe2 chains are separated from each other by means of Fe(en)2 linkers. Mössbauer spectroscopy and magnetometry reveal strong magnetic ...
Yasui Kinya - - 2013
The perforated pharynx has generally been regarded as a shared characteristic of chordates. However, there still remains phylogenetic ambiguity between the cilia-driven system in invertebrate chordates and the muscle-driven system in vertebrates. Giant larvae of the genus Asymmetron were reported to develop an orobranchial musculature similar to that of vertebrates ...
Scheel Andreas H - - 2013
A 48-year old woman presented with chronic back pain. Previous examinations had been inconclusive. Gynaecological examination revealed large cystic masses on the fundus uteri and left adnexa. Laparoscopy and histopathology showed unusually extensive cystic endosalpingiosis covering the serosa-coated uterine surface as well as the adnexa on both sides. After uneventful ...
Pyykönen A - - 2013
To study the differences in neonatal outcome and treatment measures in Finnish obstetric units. A registry study with Medical Birth Register data. All births (n = 2 94 726) in Finland from 2006 to 2010 with a focus on term, singleton non-university deliveries. All 34 delivery units were grouped into small (below 1000), mid-sized ...
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