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Hasegawa Kohei - - 2013
Rationale: Little is known about adults who frequently visit the emergency department (ED) for acute asthma, or the economic impact of this ED utilization. Objectives: To examine the proportion and patient characteristics of adult patients with multiple ED visits for acute asthma and the associated hospital charges. Methods: We analyzed ...
Carroll Patrick - - 2013
This letter to the editor concerns the reply by C. M. Braüner and J. Attermann to comments by J. Brind and P. Carroll published on-line on September 2013 (1), following previous correspondence an earlier issue (2) regarding the article of Braüner and co-workers (3). The reply by C M Braüner and ...
Schmidt A - - 2013
Background and Methods: The effectiveness and practicality of the "Luftikids" (www.luftikids.de) structured, internet-based asthma refresher course was evaluated in a pilot study with 53 patients (ages 8 - 14 years). All patients had previously participated in either an inpatient or outpatient asthma education program. This prospective study examined the effect of a ...
Kuklina Elena V - - 2013
Although the observed association between breastfeeding and cardiometabolic profile in childhood and adolescence in previous studies (refs) has biological plausibility, the precise mechanism and magnitude remains far from being fully understood.(1) Early nutrition and epigenetic programming(2), anti-inflammatory properties(3), and cardiorespiratory fitness(4) are among numerous hypotheses that are currently being actively ...
Shah Manish I - - 2013
Abstract Objective. The objective of this guideline is to recommend evidence-based practices for timely prehospital pediatric seizure cessation while avoiding respiratory depression and seizure recurrence. Methods. A multidisciplinary panel was chosen based on expertise in pediatric emergency medicine, prehospital medicine, and/or evidence-based guideline development. The panel followed the National Prehospital ...
Aloïse Stéphane - - 2013
This work deals with the photophysics of novel pyridinium betaine based on 2-pyridin-1-yl-1H-benzimidazole (SBPa) substituted symmetrically by mono- (Th2SBPa) and bi-thiophene fragments (Th4SBPa). The study is based on a combination of steady-state, femtosecond transient absorption spectroscopic measurements supported by PCM-(TD)DFT calculations. It is found that the two step ICT process ...
Bahr Melanie - - 2013
The potential of a pilot high rate algal pond (HRAP) interconnected via liquid recirculation with an external absorption column for the simultaneous removal of H2S and CO2 from biogas using an alkaliphilic microalgal-bacterial consortium was evaluated. A bubble column was preferred as external absorption unit to a packed bed column ...
A Cordero Gerardo - - 2013
Normal developmental staging tables often undergo expansion and enhancement in response to advancing research paradigms and technologies. The Painted Turtle, Chrysemys picta, has long been a preferred reference taxon for comparative embryology and recently became the first turtle species to feature a sequenced genome. However, modern descriptive studies on embryogenesis ...
Davila Monica - - 2013
Tumor-derived TF activates coagulation in vitro and in vivo in an orthotopic model of human pancreatic cancer. Here, we further characterized tumor-derived TF in this model. Conditioned medium (CM) of L3.6pl human pancreatic tumor cells and plasma from nude mice bearing L3.6pl tumors were ultracentrifuged, and the pellets were filtered ...
Zhao Lin - - 2013
Epigenetic modifications play a key role in the transcriptional regulation of stress-induced gene expression in plants. In this study, we showed that the overall acetylation levels of histone H3 lysine 9 (H3K9) and H4 lysine 5 (H4K5) in the genome were increased in maize seedlings after mannitol treatment (to mimic ...
Geue Lutz - - 2013
In this study, an improvement of the oligonucleotide-based DNA microarray for the genoserotyping of E. coli is presented. Primer and probes for additional 70 O antigen groups were developed. The microarray was transferred to a new platform, the ArrayStrip format, which allows high through-put tests in 96-well formats and fully ...
Kim Tae-Hee - - 2013
I thank Prof. Matsubara for his interest in my new procedure of uterine compression using an intrauterine balloon. Postpartum hemorrhage is a substantial burden for obstetricians. Thus, many methods for achieving hemostasis have been developed to preserve the uterus. Although uterine artery embolization is very effective for postpartum hemorrhage, hospitals ...
Logan Jennifer K - - 2013
Prostate MRI is currently the best diagnostic imaging method for detecting prostate cancer. Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Ultrasound (MRI/US) fusion allows the sensitivity and specificity of MRI to be combined with real time capabilities of transrectal ultrasound (TRUS). Multiple approaches and techniques exist for MRI/US fusion and include (1) direct "in bore" ...
Park Ji Eun - - 2013
Mammalian cells have two main types of proteasomes, the constitutive proteasome and the immunoproteasome, each containing a distinct set of three catalytic subunits. Recently, additional proteasome subtypes containing a non-standard mixture of catalytic subunits have gained increasing attention, especially due to their presence in cancer settings. However, practical methods for ...
Shibasaki Kousuke - - 2013
Halorhodopsin (HR) is an inward-directed light-driven halogen ion pump, and NpHR is a HR from Natronomonas pharaonis. Unphotolyzed NpHR binds halogen ion in the vicinity of the Schiff base, which links retinal to Lys256. This halogen ion is transported during the photocycle. We made various mutants of Thr218, which is ...
Leshem Eyal - - 2013
Current guidelines recommend continuation of atovaquone-proguanil (AP) malaria prophylaxis for 7 days after leaving Plasmodium falciparum endemic areas. Evidence from clinical studies suggests that discontinuation of AP 1 day after exposure ends may be safe and effective. Our objective was to assess the effectiveness of short-course AP prophylaxis among travelers ...
Sawyer Alyssa Cp - - 2013
Objective:To assess the screening accuracy of information obtained from parents of 4-5-year-old children for the purpose of identifying the children who have teacher-reported mental health problems when they are aged 6-7 years.Method:The study used data from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC) obtained when children were aged 4-5 years ...
Suszynska Malwina - - 2013
Evidence has accumulated that both murine and human adult tissues contain early-development stem cells with a broader differentiation potential than other adult monopotent stem cells. These cells, being pluripotent or multipotent, exist at different levels of specification and most likely represent overlapping populations of cells that, depending on the isolation ...
Pan Min-Hsiung - - 2013
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) refers to a wide spectrum of liver disease that is not from excess alcohol consumption, but is often associated with obesity, type 2 diabetes, and metabolic syndrome. NAFLD pathogenesis is complicated and involves oxidative stress, lipotoxicity, mitochondrial damage, insulin resistance, inflammation, and excessive dietary fat ...
Seo Jeongsuk - - 2013
The size dependence of the oxygen reduction reaction activity was studied for TaOx nanoparticles electrodeposited on carbon black for application to polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs). Compared with a commercial Ta2O5 material, the ultrafine oxide nanoparticles exhibited a distinctively high onset potential different from that of the bulky oxide particles.
Jackson Yves - - 2013
International migration has changed the global distribution of Chagas disease, with the emerging importance of non-endemic regions. We aimed at better documenting the Australia and New Zealand risk of Chagas disease and needs for interventions. We reviewed Chagas disease-related evidences, policies and practices in Australia and New Zealand and calculated ...
Cho Kyung-Bin - - 2013
The mechanism of the C-H bond activation of hydrocarbons by a nonheme chromium(IV) oxo complex bearing an N-methylated tetraazamacrocyclic cyclam (TMC) ligand, [Cr(IV)(O)(TMC)(Cl)](+) (2), has been investigated experimentally and theoretically. In experimental studies, reaction rates of 2 with substrates having weak C-H bonds were found to depend on the concentration ...
Mohammed Shafiu - - 2013
Some developing countries have incorporated managed care elements into their national health insurance schemes. In practice, hybrid health management organizations (Hmos) are insurers who, bearing some resemblance to managed care in the USA, are vertically integrated in the scheme's revenue collection and pool and purchase healthcare services within a competitive ...
Miwa Seiichi - - 2013
Rationale: Patients with Mycobacterium avium complex pulmonary disease are frequently administered a combination of clarithromycin, ethambutol, and rifampicin. However, rifampicin is known to reduce the serum levels of clarithromycin. It remains unclear whether a reduction in clarithromycin serum levels influences the clinical outcome of the Mycobacterium avium complex pulmonary disease ...
Llarena Ann-Katrin - - 2013
Detection of common genotypes of Campylobacter jejuni among Finnish human and bovine isolates, suggested that bovines may be a source for zoonotic C. jejuni infection. In addition, a Finnish epidemiological study implied the tasting and eating raw or undercooked beef as risk factors for acquiring campylobacteriosis. We therefore performed a ...
Thewissen M M - - 2013
Obesity is associated with insulin resistance and chronic low-grade inflammation. Insulin has been described to have anti-inflammatory effects in immune cells. Therefore, insulin resistance in immune cells can be expected to have important consequences for immune function. Here, we investigate whether freshly isolated monocytes and T cells, isolated from study ...
Rand Amy Ann - - 2013
The biotransformation of fluorotelomer based compounds yields saturated and unsaturated fluorotelomer aldehydes (FTALs and FTUALs, respectively) and carboxylic acids (FTCAs and FTUCAs, respectively) as intermediate metabolites that subsequently transform to perfluorinated carboxylic acids (PFCAs). Previous studies have demonstrated that the FTCAs and FTUCAs are 1 to 5 orders of magnitude ...
Alvarez Margarita - - 2013
We compared the pupal stridulatory organs of 35 species and one subspecies of Iberian Lycaenidae using scanning electron microscopy. The studied species belong to the tribes Theclini, Eumaeini, Lycaenini, and Polyommatini. Nine species do not show stridulatory organs on the pupae but all other species possess them. Stridulatory organs are ...
Zhao Bo - - 2013
Quantitative characterization of dynamic exchange between various conformational states provides essential insights into the molecular basis of many regulatory RNA functions. Here, we present an application of nucleic-acid-optimized carbon chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) and low spin-lock field R1ρ relaxation dispersion (RD) NMR experiments in characterizing slow chemical exchange in ...
Blumer Joe B - - 2013
Activators of G-protein signaling (AGS), initially discovered in the search for receptor-independent activators of G-protein signaling, define a broad panel of biological regulators that influence signal transfer from receptor to G-protein, guanine nucleotide binding and hydrolysis, G-protein subunit interactions and/or serve as alternative binding partners for Gα and Gβγ independent ...
Conte Riccardo - - 2013
Predicting the results of collisions of polyatomic molecules with a bath of atoms is a research area that has attracted substantial interest both in experimental and theoretical chemistry. Energy transfer, which is the consequence of such collisions, plays an important role in gas-phase kinetics and relaxation of excited molecules. We ...
Ghanian Zahra - - 2013
This study used an optical technique to measure the effects of treating low (10 mg/kg) and high (25 mg/kg) doses of 3-iodothyronamine (T1AM) on the metabolism in the kidney and heart of mice. The ratio of two intrinsic fluorophores in tissue, (NADH/FAD), called the NADH redox ratio (NADH RR), is a marker ...
Worley-Morse Thomas O - - 2013
Since the early 1920s there has been an interest in using bacteriophages (phages) for the control of bacterial pathogens. While there are many factors that have limited the success of phage bio-control, one particular problem is the variability of outcomes between phages and bacteria. Specifically, there is a significant need ...
Allouh Mohammed Z - - 2013
Onion (Allium cepa) is one of the most commonly cultivated species of the family Liliaceae, and has long been used in dietary and therapeutic applications. Treatment with fresh onion juice has been reported to promote testosterone production in male rats. Testosterone is the male sex hormone responsible for enhancing sexual ...
Kim Ji-Yun - - 2013
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a complicated skin condition influenced by genetic background and environmental factors. In this study, we applied Dermatophagoides farinae body extract (DfE) to the barrier-disrupted skin of NC/Nga mice twice a week for 8 weeks to identify the clinical and immunological factors in AD progression. Repeated application ...
Eskandari-Nasab Ebrahim - - 2013
The protective immune response against Brucella involves T cell-mediated immunity. T lymphocyte receptors, CD28 and Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4), bind the same ligands, CD80 (B7-1) and CD86 (B7-2) on antigen-presenting cells (APCs) and regulate T cell activation. CD28 delivers stimulatory while CTLA-4 provides inhibitory signals for T cell activation. ...
Lee Hae-Hyeog - - 2013
The article correlating labor ward size with obstetric patient safety highlighted a legal problem in obstetric injuries (1). We agree that some type of compensation system in obstetrics injuries is important, as obstetricians worldwide are concerned about the legal problems they face, although the world diversity in obstetric health systems ...
Käß Martina - - 2013
Two novel tripodal ligands, (BIMPN(Mes,Ad,Me))(-) and (MIMPN(Mes,Ad,Me))(2-), combining two types of donor atoms, namely, NHC and phenolate donors, were synthesized to complete the series of N-anchored ligands, ranging from chelating species with tris(carbene) to tris(phenolate) chelating arms. The complete ligand series offers a convenient way of tuning the electronic and ...
Chiêm Jean-Christophe - - 2013
Various elderly case management projects have been implemented in Belgium. This type of long-term health care intervention involves contextual factors and human interactions. These underlying complex mechanisms can be usefully informed with field experts' knowledge, which are hard to make explicit. However, computer simulation has been suggested as one possible ...
Diogo Rui - - 2013
The axolotl is becoming one of the most used model organisms in developmental and regenerative studies but no publication has described in detail the development of its forelimb and hindlimb muscles. We describe and illustrate the ontogeny of these muscles in transgenic axolotls that express GFP in muscle fibers and ...
Ruddat I - - 2013
SUMMARY A collection of Salmonella Typhimurium isolates obtained from sporadic salmonellosis cases in humans from Lower Saxony, Germany between June 2008 and May 2010 was used to perform an exploratory risk-factor analysis on antimicrobial resistance (AMR) using comprehensive host information on sociodemographic attributes, medical history, food habits and animal contact. ...
Stone Melissa D - - 2013
The following case report details an in-flight medical emergency (IFME) that occurred during a trans-continental flight while the authors were en route to a medical conference. The report highlights the necessity for an improved approach to the prevention and management of IFMEs.
Sealock Robert - - 2013
Severity of tissue injury in occlusive disease is dependent on the extent (number and diameter) of collateral vessels, which varies widely among healthy mice and humans. However, the causative genetic elements are unknown. Recently, much of the variation among different mouse strains, including C57Bl/6J (B6, high extent) and BALB/cByJ (Bc, ...
Chen Yong - - 2013
DNA methylation plays an important role in the development of many types of cancer. Identifying differentially methylated loci between cancer and normal patients is one of the central tasks to understand the contributions of the methylation process on cancer development. Through investigation of the methylation measurements generated by the Illumina ...
Petrican Raluca - - 2013
Clinical observation and correlational studies with nonclinical samples suggest that a linkage between negative affective states (especially shame) and engagement in erotic pursuits typifies sexual compulsivity. The present study tested whether experimental induction of shame leads to increased interest in erotically suggestive targets among more sexually compulsive individuals. A total ...
Wang Shanshan - - 2013
The metabolism of swertiamarin (STM) in vivo was studied by LC/MS following picolinoyl derivatization. Incubation of erythrocentaurin (ECR), one of the main in vitro metabolites of STM by intestinal bacteria, with liver microsome indicated that STM may be metabolized to the final metabolite 3,4-dihydro-5-(hydroxymethyl) isochroman-1-one (HMIO) in vivo. After hydrolyzation ...
Arafah Mohamed - - 2013
The Centralized pan-Middle East Survey on the undertreatment of hypercholesterolemia (CEPHEUS) survey evaluated the attainment of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) goals among patients on lipid-lowering drugs (LLDs) according to the updated National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP)-Adult Treatment Panel (ATP-III) guideline. The survey was conducted in 6 Arabian Gulf countries. Patients ...
Yoshihara K - - 2013
Among several functional monomers, 10-methacryloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate (10-MDP) bonded most effectively to hydroxyapatite (HAp). However, more hydrolysis-resistant functional monomers are needed to improve bond durability. Here, we investigated the adhesive potential of the novel fluoro-carbon functional monomer 6-methacryloxy-2,2,3,3,4,4,5,5-octafluorohexyl dihydrogen phosphate (MF8P; Kuraray Noritake Dental Inc., Tokyo, Japan) by studying its ...
Wu Xiaopan - - 2013
Accumulated evidences indicate that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) are associated with risk of Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6) is an important modulator of the unfolded protein response (UPR), which is regarded to be involved in carcinogenesis. So we speculate that SNPs in ATF6 may be associated with ...
Frazier-Bowers S A - - 2013
Autosomal dominant mutations in PTH1R segregate with primary failure of eruption (PFE), marked by clinical eruption failure of adult teeth without mechanical obstruction. While the diagnosis of PFE conveys a poor dental prognosis, there are no reports of PFE patients who carry PTH1R mutations and exhibit any other skeletal problems. ...
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