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Results 351 - 400 of 3163
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Haugarvoll Kristoffer - - 2013
Seizures have been reported in two families with myoclonus-dystonia due to epsilon-sarcoglycan (SGCE) mutations. We report a Norwegian family with myoclonus-dystonia and epilepsy associated with a novel SGCE mutation. All six manifesting SGCE mutation carriers had myoclonus, and dystonia was present in two patients. Sequencing of the SGCE gene in ...
Zhang Jianjian - - 2013
External ventricular drainage (EVD) combined with intraventricular fibrinolysis (IVF) is rarely used in severe spontaneous cerebellar hemorrhage (SCH) with intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). Recently, the treatment strategy was repeatedly performed in our hospital to elderly patients with severe SCH + IVH. To analyze its clinical value, we compared it to two treatment strategies ...
Huber Matthias - - 2013
Drug-induced agranulocytosis (DIAG) is a rare but serious adverse drug reaction. The Berlin Case-Control Surveillance Study (FAKOS) aimed to identify pharmaceuticals with an increased risk for this condition. Adult patients with acute non-chemotherapy-induced agranulocytosis, developed in hospital or in the outpatient setting, were ascertained by active surveillance in all 51 ...
Isma'eel Hussain A - - 2013
The unpredictability of acenocoumarol dose needed to achieve target blood thinning level remains a challenge. We aimed to apply and compare a pharmacogenetic least-squares model (LSM) and artificial neural network (ANN) models for predictions of acenocoumarol dosing. LSM and ANN models were used to analyze previously collected data on 174 ...
Fernández Urrusuno R - - 2013
The aims of this study were to investigate whether general practitioners (GPs) who complied with quality prescribing indicators included in the pay-for-performance programmes also complied with quality prescribing indicators which are not linked to incentives and to compare the prescribing behaviour between those GPs who showed compliance with quality prescribing ...
Krishna Vidya - - 2013
Streptococcal Toxic Shock syndrome (STSS) is a serious complication caused by exotoxins of Group A Streptococcus (GAS). It presents with fulminant shock and rash, is rapidly progressive with Multi-Organ Dysfunction Syndrome (MODS) and requires aggressive therapy with fluids, antibiotics and source control.
Chen J Q - - 2013
This study aimed to analyze the expression, clinical significance of cyclin G2 (CCNG2) in esophageal carcinoma, and the biological effect in its cell line by CCNG2 overexpression. Immunohistochemistry and western blot were used to analyze CCNG2 protein expression in 73 cases of esophageal cancer and normal tissues to study the ...
Lu Min - - 2013
Human oxoguanine glycosylase 1 (hOGG1) is an important part in the base excision repair (BER) pathway of DNA repair. Numerous epidemiological studies were published to assess the association between hOGG1 C8069G polymorphism and risk of colorectal cancer, but they reported contradictory results. A meta-analysis was performed to clarify the effect ...
Van Belleghem Steven M - - 2013
Local adaptation likely involves selection on multiple, genetically unlinked traits to increase fitness in divergent habitats. Conversely, recombination is expected to counteract local adaptation under gene flow by breaking down adaptive gene combinations. Western European populations of the salt marsh beetle Pogonus chalceus are characterized by large interpopulation variation at ...
Pitts Teresa - - 2013
Cough and swallow are highly coordinated reflex behaviors whose common purpose is to protect the airway. The pharynx is the common tube for air and food/liquid movement from the mouth into the thorax, has been largely overlooked, and is potentially seen as just a passive space. The thyropharyngeus muscle responds ...
Chotibut Tanya - - 2013
Excess glutamatergic neurotransmission may contribute to excitotoxic loss of nigrostriatal neurons in Parkinson's disease (PD). Here, we determined if increasing glutamate uptake could reduce the extent of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) loss in PD progression. The beta-lactam antibiotic, ceftriaxone, increases the expression of glutamate transporter 1 (GLT-1), a glutamate transporter that ...
Mitsuyama Keiichi - - 2013
Various noninvasive tests have been studied to screen for patients with Crohn's disease (CD), and were found to have limited accuracy and sensitivity, particularly in Asian populations. The aim of our study was to explore the possible diagnostic utility of antibodies to the CD peptide (ACP) in patients with CD. ...
Mengarelli Isabella - - 2013
Flow Cytometry-Sorting (FCM-Sorting) is a technique commonly used to identify and isolate specific types of cells from a heterogeneous population of live cells. Here we describe a multicolor flow cytometry technique that uses five distinct cell surface antigens to isolate four live populations with different surface antigen profiles. These profiles ...
Salvador Ricardo - - 2013
The main function of baculoviral chitinase protein (V-CHIA) is to promote the final liquefaction of infected host larvae, facilitating the dispersion of occlusion bodies (OBs) in the environment. In this study, a v-chiA from Epinotia aporema Granulovirus (EpapGV) was identified and characterized. The 1,713 base pairs long open reading frame ...
Behbahani Mohammad - - 2013
A simple, rapid, and efficient sample pretreatment technique, based on solvent-based de-emulsification dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (SD-DLLME), followed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) has been developed for simultaneous preconcentration and trace detection of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and 2-methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid (MCPA) in water and urine samples. Some parameters such as acidity ...
Parmentier Laurian - - 2013
Anthropogenic changes of the environment influence the distribution and abundance of pollinators such as bumblebees and have been proposed as one of the main causes in their worldwide decline. In order to evaluate the impact of expanding anthropogenic landscapes on supporting pollinator potential, reliable tools are needed. Bombus terrestris is ...
Zhao Xin - - 2013
Comorbid depression is commonly observed in individuals who suffer from neuropathic pain, which necessitates improved treatment. Curcumin, a phenolic compound derived from Curcuma longa, possesses both antinociceptive and antidepressant-like activities in animal studies, suggesting its possible usefulness in treating this comorbidity. We investigated the effect of curcumin on depressive-like behaviors ...
Perkins Kenneth A - - 2013
Initial screening of new medications for potential efficacy (i.e., Food and Drug Administration (FDA) early phase 2), such as in aiding smoking cessation, should be efficient in identifying which drugs do, or do not, warrant more extensive (and expensive) clinical testing. This focused review outlines our research on development, evaluation, ...
Sautner Judith - - 2013
Gout is the most common inflammatory joint disease in the Western world, with increasing prevalence. Like former 3e-initiatives (Experts-Evidence-Education) dealing with other rheumatological problems, this initiative aimed at the development of international recommendations for the diagnosis and management of gout and hyperuricemia based on a systematic literature research. In the ...
Kmet Marko - - 2013
Glucometabolic status is an important predictor of prognosis in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Both plasma glucose levels and glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) were implicated as predictors of prognosis. However, previous data yielded conflicting results. We evaluated the prognostic role of plasma glucose levels and HbA1c in patients with non-ST ...
Li Gang - - 2013
A 62-year-old woman with hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, hyperlipemia and coronary heart disease started taking clopidogrel, with no addition of any other new drugs. However, with the addition of the drug, the patient was diagnosed as having acquired pure red cell aplasia (PRCA), and no any other inducing factors ...
Johnson Kenneth R - - 2013
Thyroid hormone (TH) is essential for proper cochlear development and function, and TH deficiencies cause variable hearing impairment in humans and mice. Thyroid peroxidase (TPO) catalyzes key reactions in TH synthesis, and TPO mutations have been found to underlie many cases of congenital hypothyroidism in human patients. In contrast, only ...
Li Chunmei - - 2013
Choerospondias axillaris (Guangzao) is a medicinal plant used in Mongolia, and its fruit is commonly used for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases in clinic. The constituents responsible for this effect are always conceded to be the total flavonoids of C. axillaries (TFC). The present study was to evaluate the preventive ...
Hassanian-Moghaddam Hossein - - 2013
We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of QT dispersion (QTD) in determining the outcome of the patients poisoned by cardiotoxic medications and toxins. Patients who referred to our emergency department (ED) due to acute toxicity with any cardiotoxic medication or toxin and were admitted to medical toxicology intensive care unit ...
Mangala Priya Viswanathan - - 2013
Di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP), a ubiquitous endocrine disruptor and plasticizer of polyvinyl chloride, is being used in the manufacture of consumer and medical products as well as in children's toys. Fetuses and newborns are more sensitive to endocrine disruption. DEHP is a lipophilic substance, which could easily be transferred to the ...
Iandolo Beniamino - - 2013
Functionalization of transition metal oxides using metallic nanoparticles is an interesting route towards efficient photoelectrochemical hydrogen production via water splitting. Although an enhanced photocurrent in photoanodes upon functionalization with metallic nanostructures has been observed in several studies, to the best of our knowledge no measurements of the Faradaic efficiency (FE) ...
Bach Trond - - 2013
We found previously that stimulation of natriuretic peptide receptor (NPR)-B by C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) in failing rat ventricle potentiates β1-adrenoceptor (β1-AR)-mediated inotropic response to noradrenaline through cGMP-mediated inhibition of phosphodiesterase (PDE) 3, thereby enhancing cAMP-mediated signalling. Increased cAMP-mediated signalling is deleterious in chronic heart failure (HF; basis for the ...
Mänty Minna - - 2013
Mobility-related fatigue is an important indicator of functional decline in old age, however, very little is known about fatigue in the oldest old population segment. The aim of this study was to examine the association between indoor mobility-related fatigue and muscle strength decline in nonagenarians. The study is based on ...
da Cruz Ana Carla - - 2013
The free radical theory of aging has been receiving a lot of attention in the past years. The aim of this study was to examine the correlation between oxidative damage, antioxidant enzyme activities and plasma antioxidant potential with clinical parameters in elderly people. Elderly subjects over 80 years old were included ...
Kammerlander C - - 2013
Pertrochanteric fractures are increasing and their operative treatment remains under discussion. Failures needing reoperations such as a cut-out are reported to be high and are associated with multiple factors including poor bone quality, poor fracture reduction and improper implant placement. The PFNA(®) with perforated blade offers an option for standardized ...
Doshi Hitendra K - - 2013
The aging population is growing rapidly in Asia resulting in an increased number of fragility fractures. Studies have shown that an integrated model of care for the elderly can improve the quality of patient care and outcomes. This report describes our concept, initial experience and short-term outcomes of the integrated ...
Liu Ruiyu - - 2013
Limb-length discrepancy (LLD) arising from hip subluxation or dislocation and accompanied by insufficiency of hip abductor in patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) can be corrected partially or completely with total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, information about post-THA changes in abductor strength related to preoperative LLD in patients ...
Shibamoto Yuta - - 2013
The aim of our study was to analyze changes over time in the characteristics, treatment, and outcome of patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL). Data on 315 patients with histologically proven PCNSL undergoing radiotherapy between 2005 and 2009 were collected from 20 Japanese institutions using a questionnaire. These ...
Mazumdar Suman - - 2013
Renewable and carbon neutral, marine algal biomass could be an attractive alternative substrate for the production of biofuel and various biorefinery products. Thus, the feasibility of brown seaweed (Laminaria japonica) hydrolysate as a carbon source was investigated here for L-lactate production. This work reports the homofermentative route for L-lactate production ...
Frederiksen Maj - - 2013
We have developed a direct mask modification method applicable in hole-mask nanostructure fabrication. It is demonstrated that by using this technique the size, material, relative location and ordering of individual subunits can be controlled and varied independently to generate hetero-assemblies of nanostructures including chiral structures over large areas.
Dunbar E M - - 2013
Background Recurrent malignant brain tumors (RMBTs) carry a poor prognosis. Dichloroacetate (DCA) activates mitochondrial oxidative metabolism and has shown activity against several human cancers. Design We conducted an open-label study of oral DCA in 15 adults with recurrent WHO grade III - IV gliomas or metastases from a primary cancer ...
Hussain Shokit - - 2013
We used an aqueous leaf extract of Camellia sinensis to synthesize Ag nanoparticles (AgNPs). A layer of ca. 6 nm around a group of the AgNPs in which the inner layer is bound to the AgNPs surface via the hydroxyl groups of catechin has been observed. TEM analysis of AgNPs showed ...
Kumar Vikash - - 2013
A high titre of thermo-alkali-stable xylanase was attained in cane molasses medium. When the culture variables for endoxylanase production were optimized [cane molasses 7 %, soluble alkaline extract of wheat bran (SAE-WB) 37 % and ammonium chloride 0.30 %], a 4.5-fold enhancement in xylanase production (69 U ml(-1)) was achieved as compared to that in ...
Mumford Brigid S - - 2013
Circulating melanoma cells (CMCs) are thought to be the foundation for metastatic disease, which makes this cancer especially lethal. Cancer cells contained in the primary tumor undergo genotypic and phenotypic changes leading to an epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition, during which numerous changes occur in signaling pathways and proteins in the cells. CMCs ...
Clarke Ian C - - 2013
Concerns have been raised about the sequelae of metal-on-metal (MoM) bearings in total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, retrieval studies, which offer the best insight into the clinically relevant mechanisms of MoM wear, have followed predictable trends to date such as indicting cobalt-chromium (CoCr) metallurgy, cup design, high conformity between the ...
Van Citters Aricca D - - 2013
Total joint arthroplasty (TJA) is one of the most widely performed elective procedures; however, there are wide variations in cost and quality among facilities where the procedure is performed. The purposes of this study were to (1) develop a generalizable clinical care pathway for primary TJA using inputs from clinical, ...
Mishra Gita D - - 2013
Physical and mental component summary scores (PCS and MCS, respectively) are often used to summarise SF-36 quality of life subscales. This paper investigates PCS and MCS across the life course and compares the trajectories obtained from two different methods of calculation. The Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health is a ...
Boudon V - - 2013
Sulfur hexafluoride is an important molecule for modeling thermophysical and polarizability properties. It is also a potent greenhouse gas of anthropogenic origin, whose concentration in the atmosphere, although very low is increasing rapidly; its global warming power is mostly conferred by its strong infrared absorption in the ν3 S-F stretching ...
Hušek J - - 2013
Natal dispersal allows individuals to reach suitable breeding sites. The effect of present plant phenology as a cue for dispersal into areas with favourable stages of development has been well established across avian and mammalian taxa. However, the effect of past experience is less understood. We studied the effect of ...
Modi Souvik - - 2013
DNA has been used to build nanomachines with potential in cellulo and in vivo applications. However their different in cellulo applications are limited by the lack of generalizable strategies to deliver them to precise intracellular locations. Here we describe a new molecular design of DNA pH sensors with response times ...
Pompe Manca Tekavčič - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate chromatic visual evoked potential (cVEP) response characteristics during the first year of life and to collect as large database of healthy baby responses as possible. This study also complements our previous studies on cVEP in schoolchildren and preschool children. Forty-four healthy babies ...
Xie Xi - - 2013
Introduction: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) demonstrates a high heterogeneity in clinical responses to treatment. Although the efficacy of biological therapy has undoubtedly been established, the response differs considerably between individuals. This variability between individuals has aroused the research for biomarkers predictive of treatment response. Pharmacogenomics underlying individual responses to drugs is ...
Singh Ramandeep - - 2013
To evaluate the feasibility and short-term outcome of 23-gauge vitrectomy in children for various vitreoretinal conditions. A retrospective chart review was conducted of consecutive children younger than 14 years who underwent 23-gauge transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy for various vitreoretinal conditions from January 2008 to December 2011 at a tertiary care center. ...
Rasmussen Anna Julie - - 2013
During the education of scientists at the university level the students become more and more specialized. The specialization of the students is a consequence of the scientific research becoming specialized as well. In the interdisciplinary field of nanoscience the importance of specialization is also emphasized throughout the education. Being an ...
Wang Zhenmin - - 2013
This study aims to explore the probable mechanism of better result of dural reconstruction by CO2 laser soldering and the effect of exogenous basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) or transforming growth factor-beta1(TGFβ1) on wound healing. In part I of the study, ten minipigs were randomized into two equal groups, and ...
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