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Erickson Marilyn C - - 2013
Both spinach and lettuce were grown to harvest, cut, and then regrown after spraying the cut shoots with irrigation water contaminated with Escherichia coli O157:H7. Plant tissue was collected on the day of spraying and again 2 and 14 days later for analysis of total and internalized E. coli O157:H7 ...
Ahn Juhee - - 2013
This study was designed to evaluate the lytic activity of bacteriophage P22 against Salmonella Typhimurium ATCC 19585 (Salmonella Typhimurium P22(-)) at various multiplicities of infections (MOIs), the susceptibility of preattached Salmonella cells against bacteriophage P22, and the effect of P22-mediated bacterial lysates (extracellular DNA) on the attachment ability of Listeria ...
Pan Junhang - - 2013
Vibrio vulnificus is a gram-negative bacterium that occurs naturally in estuarine and marine water and is associated with wound infections or septicemia related to the consumption of raw shellfish in humans. The molecular characteristics and antibiotic susceptibilities of V. vulnificus strains in shrimps from retail markets in Hangzhou, People's Republic ...
Glass Kathleen A - - 2013
Listeria monocytogenes growth can be controlled on ready-to-eat meats through the incorporation of antimicrobial ingredients into the formulation or by postlethality kill steps. However, alternate approaches are needed to provide options that reduce sodium content but maintain protection against pathogen growth in meats after slicing. The objective of this study ...
Gallina S - - 2013
In June 2011, an outbreak of Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin food poisoning gastroenteritis occurred in Turin, Italy, following a catered dinner party at a private home. Within a few hours, 26 of the 47 guests experienced gastrointestinal illness, and 9 were hospitalized. A retrospective cohort study using a standardized questionnaire was ...
Sikin Adi Md - - 2013
Sprouts have gained popularity worldwide due to their nutritional values and health benefits. The fact that their consumption has been associated with numerous outbreaks of foodborne illness threatens the $250 million market that this industry has established in the United States. Therefore, sprout manufacturers have utilized the U.S. Food and ...
Coleman Erik - - 2013
Multiple foodborne illness outbreaks have been associated with the consumption of fresh produce. Investigations have indicated that microbial contamination throughout the farm-to-fork continuum often contributed to these outbreaks. Researchers have hypothesized that handling practices for leafy greens in restaurants may support contamination by and proliferation and amplification of pathogens that ...
Bogard April K - - 2013
Eating in table-service restaurants has been implicated as a risk factor for Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection. To explore this association and learn about the prevalence of risky ground beef preparation practices in restaurants, the Environmental Health Specialists Network (EHS-Net) assessed ground beef handling policies and practices in restaurants in California, ...
Green Brown Laura - - 2013
This study was conducted by the Environmental Health Specialists Network (EHS-Net) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The purpose was to examine restaurant chicken preparation and cooking practices and kitchen managers' food safety knowledge concerning chicken. EHS-Net members interviewed managers about chicken preparation practices in 448 restaurants. The ...
Finan Patrick H - - 2013
Ample evidence suggests that sleep and pain are related. However, many questions remain about the direction of causality in their association, as well as mechanisms that may account for their association. The prevailing view has generally been that they are reciprocally related. The present review critically examines the recent prospective ...
Garg Renu K - - 2013
An opioid overdose epidemic emerged in the United States following increased opioid prescribing for chronic noncancer pain. In 2007, Washington State agencies implemented an opioid dosing guideline on safe prescribing for chronic noncancer pain. The objective of this population-based observational study was to evaluate opioid use and dosing before and ...
Gustin Sylvia M - - 2013
Chronic pain resulting from physical stressors is often accompanied by psychological disorders such as depression. Although depressive disorders are associated with changes in brain anatomy, it remains unknown if changes in brain anatomy associated with increased state depression levels also occur in patients with chronic pain. When individuals are experiencing ...
Leresche Linda - - 2013
If persons at risk of developing chronic pain could be identified early in a pain episode, treatment could be tailored on the basis of risk. Responses to psychophysical tests differ in persons with chronic pain vs pain-free controls and thus appear promising as indicators of susceptibility to chronic pain. In ...
Borwein Alexandra - - 2013
The pain medication OxyContin (hereafter referred to as oxycodone extended release) has been the subject of sustained, and largely negative, media attention in recent years. We sought to determine whether media coverage of oxycodone extended release in North American newspapers has led to changes in prescribing of the drug in ...
Sieberg Christine B - - 2013
Factors contributing to pain following surgery are poorly understood, with previous research largely focused on adults. With approximately 6 million children undergoing surgery each year, there is a need to study pediatric persistent postsurgical pain. The present study includes patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis undergoing spinal fusion surgery enrolled in ...
Liu Jixin - - 2013
To assess the longitudinal gray matter (GM) and white matter (WM) changes between repeated observations 1 year apart in a group of the early clinical stage of migraine patients without aura, and to explore the relationship of such structural changes with headache activity, we studied patients newly diagnosed with episodic ...
Cho Jaeho - - 2013
The patient was a 21-year-old man who was serving in the military. He was evaluated by an orthopaedic surgeon for a chief complaint of severe pain in both lower extremities that began 2 days prior after performing repetitive, vigorous squatting exercises. Due to concern over acute exertional rhabdomyolysis, laboratory testing, ...
Carow Scott D - - 2013
The patient was a 25-year-old man who was currently enrolled in a military basic-training program. He was evaluated by a physical therapist in a direct-access capacity for a chief complaint of right knee pain and swelling after his knee buckled and gave way during a training exercise on an obstacle ...
Zada Gabriel - - 2013
Object Tumor consistency plays an important and underrecognized role in the surgeon's ability to resect meningiomas, especially with evolving trends toward minimally invasive and keyhole surgical approaches. Aside from descriptors such as "hard" or "soft," no objective criteria exist for grading, studying, and conveying the consistency of meningiomas. Methods The ...
Flores Bruno C - - 2013
Foramen magnum meningiomas (FMMs) are slow growing, most often intradural and extramedullary tumors that pose significant challenges to the skull base neurosurgeon. The indolent clinical course of FMMs and their insidious onset of symptoms are important factors that contribute to delayed diagnosis and relative large size at the time of ...
Manjila Sunil - - 2013
Object There are several surgical techniques for reducing blood loss-open surgical and endoscopic-prior to resection of giant anterior skull base meningiomas, especially when preoperative embolization is risky or not technically feasible. The authors present examples of an institutional experience using surgical ligation of the anterior and posterior ethmoidal arteries producing ...
Ding Dale - - 2013
Object WHO Grade II and III intracranial meningiomas are uncommon, but they portend a significantly worse prognosis than their benign Grade I counterparts. The mainstay of current management is resection to obtain cytoreduction and histological tissue diagnosis. The timing and benefit of postoperative fractionated external beam radiation therapy and stereotactic ...
Moazzam Alan A - - 2013
Object Currently, few medical options exist for refractory and atypical/anaplastic meningiomas. New developments in chemotherapeutic options for meningiomas have been explored over the past decade. The authors review these recent developments, with an emphasis on emerging avenues for therapy, clinical efficacy, and adverse effects. Methods A review of the literature ...
Kulwin Charles - - 2013
Over the past decade, advances in endoscopic microsurgical techniques have resulted in an increasingly aggressive endonasal approach to tumors of the midline skull base. Meningiomas of the tuberculum sellae are often closely associated with cerebrovascular structures, and their removal has traditionally required a transcranial approach. An endonasal approach offers many ...
Nanda Anil - - 2013
Object Tuberculum sellae meningiomas (TSMs) and diaphragma sellae meningiomas (DSMs) are challenging lesions to treat due to their proximity to neurovascular structures. Methods The authors reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent surgical excision of TSMs and DSMs from 1990 to 2013. They also describe the technical strategies used ...
Klinger Daniel R - - 2013
Cavernous sinus meningiomas (CSMs) are challenging lesions for the skull base neurosurgeon to manage given their close association with cranial nerves II-VI and the internal carotid artery. In the 1980s and early 1990s, with advancements in microsurgical techniques, increasing knowledge of the relevant microsurgical neuroanatomy, and the advent of advanced ...
Mazur Marcus D - - 2013
Meningiomas that invade the transverse or sigmoid sinuses are uncommon tumors that are challenging to treat surgically. Although the risk of recurrence is associated with the extent of resection, complete removal of meningiomas in these locations must be balanced with avoidance of venous outflow obstruction, which could cause venous infarction ...
Yasuda Manabu - - 2013
Although the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders abandoned the use of the specifier 'late-onset', a considerable number of studies have reported clinical characteristics of late-onset schizophrenia. Still, only limited research has been conducted on late-onset schizophrenia, especially in Asian countries. In this epidemiological study, ...
Iwasaki Yasushi - - 2013
We present an autopsied case of a senile Japanese woman with sporadic frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) presenting as frontotemporal dementia. Disease onset was at the age of 70 and presented as a behaviour disorder, particularly involving wasteful habits. The patient had repeated incidents of making expensive purchases and then had ...
Daniels Alan H - - 2013
Thoracolumbar spine trauma is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in pediatric patients. Special attention to this population is necessary because several unique features of the growing pediatric spine separate these patients from adult patients. These injuries are frequently associated with high-energy trauma and concurrent thoracic or abdominal injuries ...
Scully William F - - 2013
The range of open and arthroscopic shoulder procedures continues to evolve and expand. Despite advances in instrumentation and technology, complications still exist and neurologic injury remains an inherent part of these procedures. Iatrogenic nerve injuries are among the more commonly cited complications associated with shoulder surgery. Various surgical procedures about ...
Kubiak Erik N - - 2013
Weight-bearing protocols should optimize fracture healing while avoiding fracture displacement or implant failure. Biomechanical and animal studies indicate that early loading is beneficial, but high-quality clinical studies comparing weight-bearing protocols after lower extremity fractures are not universally available. For certain fracture patterns, well-designed trials suggest that patients with normal protective ...
Hsu Wellington K - - 2013
Autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapies have seen a dramatic increase in breadth and frequency of use for orthopaedic conditions in the past 5 years. Rich in many growth factors that have important implications in healing, PRP can potentially regenerate tissue via multiple mechanisms. Proposed clinical and surgical applications include spinal ...
Dyrbye Liselotte N - - 2013
To explore the work lives, professional satisfaction, and burnout of US physicians by career stage and differences across sexes, specialties, and practice setting. We conducted a cross-sectional study that involved a large sample of US physicians from all specialty disciplines in June 2011. The survey included the Maslach Burnout Inventory ...
Looney Colin G - - 2013
Adhesive capsulitis of the hip (ACH) is a rare clinical entity. Similar to adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder, ACH is characterized by a painful decrease in active and passive range of motion as synovial inflammation in the acute stages of the disease progresses to capsular fibrosis in the chronic stages. ...
Archer Edward - - 2013
To examine 45-year trends in time use and physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE) in a nationally representative sample of US mothers. We quantified time allocation to physical activity (PA), sedentary behaviors (SED), and PAEE from 1965 to 2010 in mothers with older children (MOC) (>5 to ≤18 years) and mothers ...
Murray Jayson - - 2013
The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons has developed Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC) on Optimizing the Management of Full-Thickness Rotator Cuff Tears (RC). Evidence-based information, in conjunction with clinical expertise of physicians, was used to develop the criteria to improve patient care and obtain best outcomes while considering the subtleties and ...
Fine Nowell M - - 2013
To determine the frequency and prognostic significance of abnormal exercise echocardiographic results for patients achieving a workload of 10 or more metabolic equivalents during treadmill exercise echocardiography. Patients who underwent treadmill exercise echocardiography from November 1, 2003, through December 31, 2008, and exercised for 9 or more minutes using the ...
Abudiab Muaz - - 2013
To determine the poorly studied relationship between functional aerobic capacity (FAC) as measured by treadmill stress testing and mortality in normal, overweight, and obese patients. Patients were identified retrospectively from the stress testing database at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota. We selected 5328 male nonsmokers (mean ± SD age, 51.8±11.5 ...
Ruedrich Elizabeth D - - 2013
Reference genes are often used in RT-quantitative PCR (qPCR) analysis to normalize gene expression levels to a gene that is expressed stably across study groups. They ultimately serve as a control in RT-qPCR analysis, producing more accurate interpretation of results. Whereas many reference genes have been used in various wound-healing ...
Weight Christopher J - - 2013
To prospectively study the effects of an incentivized exercise program on physical activity (PA), quality of life (QOL), and burnout among residents and fellows (RFs) in a large academic medical center. In January 2011, all RFs at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota (N=1060), were invited to participate in an elective, ...
Jiménez-Ruiz Carlos A - - 2013
Varenicline is a partial agonist of α4β2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. It is effective at dosages of 2 mg/d for 12 weeks, but not for all smokers. It is possible that increasing the dose can increase the drug efficacy. We reviewed the clinical records of consecutive smokers who had been treated ...
Vuori Ilkka M - - 2013
Physical activity (PA) and exercise training (ET) have great potential in the prevention, management, and rehabilitation of a variety of diseases, but this potential has not been fully realized in clinical practice. The health care system (HCS) could do much more to support patients in increasing their PA and ET. ...
Ghatak Souvik - - 2013
Isolation of DNA from blood and buccal swabs in adequate quantities is an integral part of forensic research and analysis. The present study was performed to determine the quality and the quantity of DNA extracted from four commonly available samples and to estimate the time duration of the ensuing PCR ...
Casanova James E - - 2013
A FASEB Summer Research Conference entitled 'Arf and Rab family G proteins' was held in July 2013 at Snowmass Village, Snowmass, Colorado. Arfs and Rabs are two families of GTPases that control membrane trafficking in eukaryotic cells, and increasing evidence indicates that their functions are tightly coordinated. Because many workers ...
Zarbin Marco A - - 2013
Herein, we discuss recent applications of nanotechnology to ophthalmology, including nanoparticles for drug, gene, and trophic factor delivery; regenerative medicine (in the areas of optogenetics and optic nerve regeneration); and diagnostics (eg, minimally invasive biometric monitoring). Specific applications for the management of choroidal neovascularization, retinal neovascularization, oxidative damage, optic nerve ...
Sofianopoulou Eleni - - 2013
We investigated the association between respiratory prescribing, air quality and deprivation in primary health care. Most previous studies have used data from secondary and tertiary care to quantify air pollution effects on exacerbations of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, these outcomes capture patients who suffer from relatively ...
Wang Wuyi - - 2013
Multisensory enhancement, as a facilitation phenomenon, is responsible for superior behavioral performance when an individual is responding to cross-modal versus modality-specific stimuli. However, the event-related potential (ERP) counterparts of behavioral multisensory enhancement are not well known. We recorded ERPs and behavioral data from 14 healthy volunteers with three types of ...
Carnovale Valérie - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to investigate the differences in digital reactive hyperemic index (RHI) in men and postmenopausal women. We investigated the differences in and correlates of RHI, measured by peripheral artery tonometry (PAT), in a group of 82 men (mean age ± SD: 55.6 ± 8.2 ...
Rivera-Velasquez Maria Fernanda - - 2013
In this article we consider the methods of deterministic and probabilistic risk analysis regarding the presence of chemical contaminants in soil, water and air, with a broader meaning than usual for the latter, as we extended the probabilistic treatment to the parameters that influence the transport to a greater extent, ...
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