Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 4849
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Hagberg Thulin Malin - - 2013
Castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) is strongly associated with sclerotic bone metastases and poor prognosis. Models that mimic human CRPC are needed to identify the mechanisms for prostate cancer (PC) growth in bone and to develop new therapeutic strategies. We characterize a new model, LNCaP-19, and investigate the interaction between tumor ...
Ramegowda Venkategowda - - 2013
Understanding the function of a particular gene under various stresses is important for engineering plants for broad-spectrum stress tolerance. Although virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) has been used to characterize genes involved in abiotic stress tolerance, currently available gene silencing and stress imposition methodology at the whole plant level is not ...
Dominguez-Gutierrez Paul R - - 2013
Anemia is one of the most common hematological manifestations in SLE patients, occurring in about 50 % of active cases. STAT1 is a critical signaling molecule required for the production of type-1 interferon (I-IFN), CCL2, and CXCL10, all of which are upregulated in SLE. Overexpression of STAT1 has been described to ...
Esplugues Ana - - 2013
Studies that have evaluated the association between exposure to gas appliances emissions at home with respiratory health in children obtained heterogeneous and limited results. The aim of this study is to analyze the association between the use of gas cooking at home during pregnancy and respiratory problems in children during ...
Zhang Wei - - 2013
Peritonitis is still known as an important complication of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). Multi-drug resistant (MDR) Acinetobacter baumannii is an increasing problem worldwide. Moreover, the increasing reports of carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii strains is common. Although peritoneal dialysis-related peritonitis with MDR A. baumannii is rarely reported, infection with this organism ...
Sánchez Sergio - - 2013
Non-suppurative encephalitis occurs sporadically in beef cattle in western Canada, leading to loss of animals. This retrospective study investigated the presence of viral, bacterial, and protozoal antigens or DNA in 37 western Canadian feedlot cattle with non-suppurative encephalitis for which a cause had not been identified. Cases were selected based ...
Xu Feng - - 2013
Object Petroclival meningiomas remain a formidable challenge for neurosurgeons because of their location deep within the skull base and proximity to eloquent neurovascular structures. Various skull base approaches have been used in their treatment, and deciding which is the optimal one remains controversial. Attempts at achieving gross- or near-total resections ...
Kreso Antonija A 1] Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. [2] Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Tumor recurrence following treatment remains a major clinical challenge. Evidence from xenograft models and human trials indicates selective enrichment of cancer-initiating cells (CICs) in tumors that survive therapy. Together with recent reports showing that CIC gene signatures influence patient survival, these studies predict that targeting self-renewal, the key 'stemness' property ...
Ozaki Shinichi - - 2013
Infection of prosthetic grafts, especially with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), often becomes critical. Although topical administration of antibiotics has been applied empirically, no comprehensive data are available showing long-lasting effects and safety of local antibiotic usage. By means of animal experiments we assessed fibrin glue (FG) as a slow-release vehicle ...
Goode Ana D AD School of Population Health, Cancer Prevention Research Centre, The University of Queensland, Herston Rd, Herston, Queensland 4006 - - 2013
To inform wider-scale dissemination efforts of health behavior change interventions, we need to better understand factors associated with successful implementation and evaluation in nonresearch settings. Using the experience of the Optimal Health Program dissemination (OHP), a 12-month evidence-based telephone-delivered intervention for physical activity, healthy eating, and weight loss, we provide ...
Dutcher Janice P JP Associate Director, Cancer Research Foundation, Immediate Past Chair of ECOG-ACRIN Renal Cancer Subcommittee, 750 Kappock Street, # 511, Bronx, NY 10463, - - 2013
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) management has been imbued with new interest, in large part due to the recent success of new treatment options for advanced and metastatic disease. This has also been accompanied by less generally well known advances in the understanding of the molecular characterizations of subtypes of RCC ...
Langley Christopher A - - 2013
Background The Aston Medication Adherence Study was designed to examine non-adherence to prescribed medicines within an inner-city population using general practice (GP) prescribing data. Objective To examine non-adherence patterns to prescribed oral medications within three chronic disease states and to compare differences in adherence levels between various patient groups to ...
Brophy Donald F - - 2013
End-stage renal disease patients have significant cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, but little is known about differences in coagulation profiles between patients on hemodialysis (HD) and on peritoneal dialysis (PD). Given their long-term exposure to glucose-based dialysate, patients on PD can experience metabolic derangements. Theoretically, that exposure should create a more ...
Miranda-Vilela Ana Luisa - - 2013
Dextran-functionalized maghemite fluid (DexMF) has been tested to treat Ehrlich-solid-tumor-bearing mice, evidencing its potential use in mediating magnetohyperthermia in breast cancer treatment. However, although magnetic nanoparticles tend to accumulate in tumor tissues, part of the nanomaterial can reach the blood stream, and then the organism. The aim of this study ...
Modi C S - - 2013
The aim of this review is to address controversies in the management of dislocations of the acromioclavicular joint. Current evidence suggests that operative rather than non-operative treatment of Rockwood grade III dislocations results in better cosmetic and radiological results, similar functional outcomes and longer time off work. Early surgery results ...
Holland Anne E - - 2013
Dyspnoea, fatigue, reduced exercise tolerance, peripheral muscle dysfunction and mood disorders are common features of many chronic respiratory disorders. Pulmonary rehabilitation successfully treats these manifestations in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and emerging evidence suggests that these benefits could be extended to other chronic respiratory conditions, although adaptations to the ...
Murphy Tanya K - - 2013
Tic disorders, including Tourette's disorder, present with a wide range of symptom severity and associated comorbidity. This Practice Parameter reviews the evidence from research and clinical experience in the evaluation and treatment of pediatric tic disorders. Recommendations are provided for a comprehensive evaluation to include common comorbid disorders and for ...
Moazzam Alan A - - 2013
Object Currently, few medical options exist for refractory and atypical/anaplastic meningiomas. New developments in chemotherapeutic options for meningiomas have been explored over the past decade. The authors review these recent developments, with an emphasis on emerging avenues for therapy, clinical efficacy, and adverse effects. Methods A review of the literature ...
Wapner Ronald J - - 2013
Antenatal corticosteroids have been proven to accelerate fetal lung development and reduce neonatal morbidity and mortality when given between 28 and 34 weeks of gestation. However, there is only limited research to guide their use in the periviable period (22-26 weeks). Laboratory studies suggest that it is biologically plausible for ...
Kathirvel Maruthai - - 2013
Rapid and sensitive detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from patient samples is vital for clinical diagnosis and treatment. The emergence of M. tuberculosis strains with either no copies or only a single copy of IS6110 in Asian countries makes the standard PCR based diagnosis of M. tuberculosis using IS6110 not reliable. ...
Meiser Bettina - - 2013
The strongest risk factor for depression is having a family history of the condition. Many individuals with a family history of depression are concerned about their personal risk for depression and report unmet educational and psychological support needs. No supportive and/or educational interventions are currently available that target this group ...
Beehler Gregory P GP VA Center for Integrated Healthcare, VA WNY Healthcare System, 3495 Bailey Ave, Buffalo, NY 14215 USA ; School of Nursing, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, Buffalo, NY USA ; School of Public Health and Health Professions, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, Buffalo, NY - - 2013
Adherence to protocol among behavioral health providers working in co-located, collaborative care or Primary Care Behavioral Health settings has rarely been assessed due to limited measurement options. Development of psychometrically sound measures of provider fidelity may improve the translation of these service delivery models into every day practice. One hundred ...
Liu S-S - - 2013
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a complex autoimmune disease with immunological defects caused by abnormal immune regulation and excessive production of autoantibodies. Interferon regulatory factor 4 (IRF4) as a lymphocyte-restricted member of the IRF family is expressed exclusively in immune system cells and is essential for the development of T ...
Miao M - - 2013
Bisphenol A (BPA) is an endocrine disruptor with potentially harmful effects on humans. However, epigenetic mechanisms that modulate the effects of BPA remain unclear. Methylation of long interspersed nucleotide elements (LINE-1) is a marker of genome-wide methylation status. This study aims to examine whether BPA exposure was associated with LINE-1 ...
Kreutz Reinhold - - 2013
Altering doses and regimens of a drug has consequences for the drug's pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profile. Based on a half-life of 5-13 h, it is expected that the Factor Xa inhibitor rivaroxaban would be best suited to a twice-daily rather than a once-daily dose regimen. However, although rivaroxaban is used as a ...
Szász Máté - - 2013
Biofilm-forming Staphylococcus epidermidis strains are common cause of the periprosthetic infection. The treatment of the periprosthetic infection is very problematic, so the prevention of these infections by an antibiotic containing prothesis could be an option for prevention.The purpose of the present study was to examine the in vitro effects of ...
Kullmann Tamás - - 2013
The authors present the case of a 21-year-old woman with ulcerative colitis. Azathioprine treatment was complicated with pancytopenia and septic shock. Acute cytomegalovirus infection related to the immunosuppressive therapy, resulting in hemophagocytosis syndrome and neutropenic fever was diagnosed. Recovery was achieved by the administration of parenteral ganciclovir, broad spectrum antibiotic ...
Agarwal Vijay - - 2013
Object Tumors of the cerebellopontine angle (CPA) have always proven difficult for neurosurgeons to optimally manage. Studies investigating the natural history and treatment of vestibular schwannomas have dominated the literature in this regard. Distinguishing meningiomas from schwannomas in this location carries particular importance as each tumor type has certain prognostic ...
Olesen Charlotte - - 2013
Background Elderly polypharmacy patients may be more at risk of not adhering to medication. If so, the underlying reasons may be more readily disclosed during private discussions with patients. Hence pharmaceutical care discussions at home might improve treatment adherence. Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the impact ...
Corominas Jordi - - 2013
In pigs, adipose tissue is one of the principal organs involved in the regulation of lipid metabolism. It is particularly involved in the overall fatty acid synthesis with consequences in other lipid-target organs such as muscles and the liver. With this in mind, we have used massive, parallel high-throughput sequencing ...
Chen Yu - - 2013
There is a growing population of older people living alone within the context of dramatic population ageing and changing living arrangements. However, little is known about the quality of life (QoL) of older people living alone in Mainland China. This study aimed to investigate QoL and its related factors among ...
Nessim Sharon J - - 2013
A significant proportion of peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients receive an initial period of hemodialysis (HD) before transitioning to PD ("PD-switch"). We sought to better understand the risks of PD technique failure (TF) and mortality for those patients compared with patients starting with PD as their first dialysis modality ("PD-first"). Using ...
Karababa Ay┼če - - 2013
Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a clinical manifestation of a low grade cerebral edema with a mutual interrelationship between osmotic- and oxidative stress. This leads to RNA oxidation and posttranslational protein modifications such as protein tyrosine nitration with pathophysiological relevance. Here, we report on O-GlcNAcylation as another ammonia-induced posttranslational protein modification ...
Johnson Christopher D - - 2013
Sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions of the autonomic nervous system constantly control the heart (sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions) and blood vessels (predominantly the sympathetic division) to maintain appropriate blood pressure and organ blood flow over sometimes widely varying conditions. This can be adversely affected by pathological conditions that can damage one ...
Matheson L A - - 2013
Muscle function can be assessed through jumping mechanography, where portable ground reaction force plates collect dynamic information as a subject jumps. The aim of this study was to assess both intra- and inter- rater reliability of jumping mechanography. Ten healthy adults underwent 3 sets of testing (collected by 3 different ...
Peacock Andrew J - - 2013
Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI) provides accurate information about right ventricular (RV) mass, RV volumes and other markers of RV function. CMRI is proving to be a particularly useful tool in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), as measures of RV function have been shown to be prognostic of long-term outcomes in ...
Abudiab Muaz - - 2013
To determine the poorly studied relationship between functional aerobic capacity (FAC) as measured by treadmill stress testing and mortality in normal, overweight, and obese patients. Patients were identified retrospectively from the stress testing database at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota. We selected 5328 male nonsmokers (mean ± SD age, 51.8±11.5 ...
Rivera-Velasquez Maria Fernanda - - 2013
In this article we consider the methods of deterministic and probabilistic risk analysis regarding the presence of chemical contaminants in soil, water and air, with a broader meaning than usual for the latter, as we extended the probabilistic treatment to the parameters that influence the transport to a greater extent, ...
Vehovszky A - - 2013
A rapid cyanobacterial bloom of Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (3.2 × 10(4) filaments/mL) was detected early November, 2012, in the Fancsika pond (East Hungary). The strong discoloration of water was accompanied by a substantial fish mortality (even dead cats were seen on the site), raising the possibility of some toxic metabolites in ...
Vanhelst Jérémy - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine the type and the number of accelerometer monitoring days needed to predict weekly sedentary behaviour and physical activity in obese youth. Fifty-three obese youth wore a triaxial accelerometer for 7 days to measure physical activity in free-living conditions. Analyses of variance for repeated ...
Maroto M D - - 2013
Bicondylar tibial plateau fractures result from high-energy injuries. Fractures of the tibial plateau can involve the tibial tubercle, which represents a disruption to the extensor mechanism and logically must be stabilised. The purpose of this study was to identify the incidence of an independent tibial tubercle fracture in bicondylar tibial ...
Eshar David - - 2013
Severe hydroureter and hydronephrosis secondary to ureteral obstruction by calculus were present in a guinea pig. A palliative ultrasound-guided percutaneous antegrade hydropropulsion was performed under general anesthesia to relieve the ureteral obstruction and the associated clinical signs. We describe the technique and the considerations for its potential application in similar ...
Chen Nan-Fu - - 2013
Previous studies have reported that the intrathecal (i.t.) administration of transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) prevents and reverses neuropathic pain. However, only limited information is available regarding the possible role and effects of spinal TGF-β1 in neuropathic pain. We aimed to investigate the antinociceptive effects of exogenous TGF-β1 on chronic ...
Kuhn Elizabeth N - - 2013
Object The purpose of this study was to evaluate patterns of failure after stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for meningiomas and factors that may influence these outcomes. Methods Based on a retrospective chart review, 279 patients were treated with SRS for meningiomas between January 1999 and March 2011 at Wake Forest Baptist ...
Jiménez-Ruiz Carlos A - - 2013
Varenicline is a partial agonist of α4β2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. It is effective at dosages of 2 mg/d for 12 weeks, but not for all smokers. It is possible that increasing the dose can increase the drug efficacy. We reviewed the clinical records of consecutive smokers who had been treated ...
Watchmaker Payal B PB 1] Laboratory of Immunology and Vascular Biology, Department of Pathology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA. [2] The Center for Molecular Biology and Medicine, Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, California, USA. - - 2014
Dendritic cells (DCs) that orchestrate mucosal immunity have been studied in mice. Here we characterized human gut DC populations and defined their relationship to previously studied human and mouse DCs. CD103(+)Sirpα(-) DCs were related to human blood CD141(+) DCs and to mouse intestinal CD103(+)CD11b(-) DCs and expressed markers of cross-presenting ...
Friedman Fara M FM Department of Urology, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY, - - 2013
Nocturia is a common and bothersome condition experienced by both men and women. Studies have suggested that nocturia contributes a level of morbidity to those who suffer from the condition, both young and old. Desmopressin has historically been utilized to treat conditions such as central diabetes insipidus, certain bleeding disorders ...
Ottenbros Stefan - - 2013
Background Pharmacists can play an important role in identifying and instructing pulmonary patients on their inhalation techniques in their patient contacts when dispensing inhalation medication. Pharmacy dispensing data can be used to identify inappropriate drug use in asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. Recent studies found beneficial effects ...
Shen Zhixin - - 2013
Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P), a potent bioactive phospholipid, has been reported to regulate a broad spectrum of biological processes. However, little is known regarding S1P's effects on mitochondrial function. In this study, we investigated the S1P's effects on the Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator 1α (PGC-1α) signaling pathway and mitochondrial biogenesis ...
Jazi Mohammad Hashemi - - 2013
The underlying mechanisms of the association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and atrial fibrillation (AF) remained unclear. We investigated P wave parameters as indicators of atrial conduction status among OSA patients. We studied 42 untreated OSA patients, categorized into mild (6), moderate (18), and severe (18) OSA based on the ...
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