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Results 351 - 400 of 4849
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Vijayakumar Balakrishnan - - 2013
Endo-1,4-Xylanase II is an enzyme which degrades the linear polysaccharide beta-1,4-xylan into xylose. This enzyme shows highest enzyme activity around 55 °C, even without being stabilized by the disulphide bridges. A set of nine high resolution crystal structures of Xylanase II (1.11-1.80 Å) from Trichoderma reesei were selected and analyzed in order ...
Proctor Enola K - - 2013
Implementation strategies have unparalleled importance in implementation science, as they constitute the 'how to' component of changing healthcare practice. Yet, implementation researchers and other stakeholders are not able to fully utilize the findings of studies focusing on implementation strategies because they are often inconsistently labelled and poorly described, are rarely ...
Pedersen Sune F - - 2013
Atherosclerosis is the primary underlying cause of cardiovascular disease (CVD). It is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the Western world today and is set to become the prevailing disease and major cause of death worldwide by 2020. In the 1950s surgical intervention was introduced to treat symptomatic ...
Meisel S F SF Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Health Behavior Research Centre, University College London, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, UK, - - 2014
Current evidence indicates that genetic testing for obesity risk has limited affective or behavioral impact, but few studies have explored the effects among individuals who self-identify as having weight problems. Here, we report findings from in-depth telephone interviews with seven overweight or obese volunteers who were genotyped for one weight-related ...
Morton Richard E - - 2013
Site-specific changes in the amino acid composition of human cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) modify its preference for triglyceride (TG) versus cholesteryl ester (CE) as substrate. CETP homologues are found in many species but little is known about their activity. Here, we examined the lipid transfer properties of CETP species ...
Rios Vitor Passos - - 2013
To address a common problem of teaching the sliding filament theory (that is, students have difficulty in visualizing how the component proteins of the sarcomere differ, how they organize themselves into a single working unit, and how they function in relation to each other), we have devised a simple model, ...
Coleman Erik - - 2013
Multiple foodborne illness outbreaks have been associated with the consumption of fresh produce. Investigations have indicated that microbial contamination throughout the farm-to-fork continuum often contributed to these outbreaks. Researchers have hypothesized that handling practices for leafy greens in restaurants may support contamination by and proliferation and amplification of pathogens that ...
Sieberg Christine B - - 2013
Factors contributing to pain following surgery are poorly understood, with previous research largely focused on adults. With approximately 6 million children undergoing surgery each year, there is a need to study pediatric persistent postsurgical pain. The present study includes patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis undergoing spinal fusion surgery enrolled in ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2013
The objective of this paper is to review observational studies that addressed the survival of pre-viable gestations in the United States. We searched PubMed, Ovid, CINAHL, and Web of Knowledge for studies reporting survival of infants born at <24 gestational weeks and/or <500g in the United States and published between ...
Shim Sangwoo - - 2013
Stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1), a Ca2+ sensor in the endoplasmic reticulum, regulates store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) that is essential for Ca2+ homeostasis in many types of cells. However, if and how STIM1 and SOCE function in nerve growth cones during axon guidance remains to be elucidated. We report that ...
Yoosuf Niyaz - - 2013
Giant viruses of amoebae were discovered 10 years ago and led to the description of two new viral families: Mimiviridae and Marseilleviridae. These viruses exhibit remarkable features, including large capsids and genomes that are similar in size to those of small bacteria and their large genetic repertoires include genes that are ...
Hartkoorn Ruben C - - 2013
Pyridomycin, a natural product with potent antituberculosis activity, inhibits a major drug target, the InhA enoyl reductase. Here, we unveil the co-crystal structure and unique ability of pyridomycin to block both the NADH cofactor- and lipid substrate-binding pockets of InhA. This is to our knowledge a first-of-a-kind binding mode that ...
Rader Tamara - - 2013
For rheumatology research to have a real influence on health and well-being, evidence must be tailored to inform the decisions of various audiences. The Cochrane Musculoskeletal Group (CMSG), one of 53 groups of the not-for-profit international Cochrane Collaboration, prepares, maintains, and disseminates systematic reviews of treatments for musculoskeletal diseases. While ...
Overstall Antony M - - 2013
Estimating the size of hidden or difficult to reach populations is often of interest for economic, sociological or public health reasons. In order to estimate such populations, administrative data lists are often collated to form multi-list cross-counts and displayed in the form of an incomplete contingency table. Log-linear models are ...
Safaei Akbar A Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, - - 2013
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the sixth most common malignancy in Iran. Cytogenetic analysis of leukemic blasts plays an important role in classification and prognosis in ALL patients. The purpose of this study was to define the frequency of chromosomal abnormalities of ALL patients in adults and children in Fars ...
Ibrahim M S - - 2013
The outcome after total hip replacement has improved with the development of surgical techniques, better pain management and the introduction of enhanced recovery pathways. These pathways require a multidisciplinary team to manage pre-operative education, multimodal pain control and accelerated rehabilitation. The current economic climate and restricted budgets favour brief hospitalisation ...
van Bergen C J A - - 2013
We have evaluated the clinical effectiveness of a metal resurfacing inlay implant for osteochondral defects of the medial talar dome after failed previous surgical treatment. We prospectively studied 20 consecutive patients with a mean age of 38 years (20 to 60), for a mean of three years (2 to 5) ...
Morrison Diane B - - 2013
Marine Havest Canada has significantly reduced its antimicrobial usage in salmon farming over the last 8 years. Change has come about largely through improvements in production, health management, and livestock selection. However, antimicrobial treatments are still required for stomatitis and bacterial kidney disease. Lack of efficacious vaccines and the limited ...
Wu Haiyun - - 2013
Prevalence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Salmonella in food is not well documented. This study investigated the prevalence of ESBL-producing Salmonella in 699 Salmonella isolates recovered from 1,152 retail chickens collected from six provinces and two national cities in the People's Republic of China in 2011. ESBL-producing isolates were screened by ...
Simoneau Guy G - - 2013
Editor-in-Chief Dr. Guy Simoneau recognizes the authors, associate editors, International Editorial Review Board members, and manuscript and musculoskeletal imaging reviewers who contributed to the various aspects of the Journal over the past 12 months. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2013;43(12):860-863. doi:10.2519/jospt.2013.0108.
Hsu Wellington K - - 2013
Autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapies have seen a dramatic increase in breadth and frequency of use for orthopaedic conditions in the past 5 years. Rich in many growth factors that have important implications in healing, PRP can potentially regenerate tissue via multiple mechanisms. Proposed clinical and surgical applications include spinal ...
Ghatak Souvik - - 2013
Isolation of DNA from blood and buccal swabs in adequate quantities is an integral part of forensic research and analysis. The present study was performed to determine the quality and the quantity of DNA extracted from four commonly available samples and to estimate the time duration of the ensuing PCR ...
Li Ching-Hao - - 2013
Hypoxia-mediated stress responses are important in tumor progression, especially when tumor growth causes the tumor to become deprived of its blood supply. The oxygen-labile transcription factor hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α) plays a critical role in regulating hypoxia stress-related gene expression and is considered a novel therapeutic target. Lung adenocarcinoma cell ...
Lee Richard Y RY Radiation Medicine, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, University at Buffalo, NY, - - 2013
Neoadjuvant radiotherapy has the potential to improve local disease control for patients with localized pancreatic cancers. Concern about an increased risk of surgical complications due to small bowel and gastric exposure, however, has limited enthusiasm for this approach. Dosimetric studies have demonstrated the potential for proton therapy to reduce intestinal ...
Vogt J-F - - 2013
We report on a 19-year-old patient who developed negative pressure pulmonary edema (NPPE) with respiratory insufficiency following abscess tonsillectomy. NPPE is an unpredictable and life-threatening postoperative complication characterized by respiratory insufficiency. It may arise immediately after extubation or later in the postoperative period. NPPE is frequently observed after laryngospasm or ...
van de Lagemaat Monique - - 2013
An iron intake of >2 mg/kg/d is recommended for preterm infants. We hypothesized that human milk (HM)-fed preterm infants require iron supplementation after discharge, whereas iron-fortified formulae (IFF; 0.8-1.0 mg iron/100 ml) may provide sufficient dietary iron until 6 months post-term. At term age, 3 and 6 months post-term, ferritin (μg/l) was measured in 92 ...
Drwal Malgorzata N - - 2013
Purely structure-based pharmacophores (SBPs) are an alternative method to ligand-based approaches and have the advantage of describing the entire interaction capability of a binding pocket. Here, we present the development of SBPs for topoisomerase I, an anticancer target with an unusual ligand binding pocket consisting of protein and DNA atoms. ...
Kearnes Steven M - - 2013
Molecular similarity has been effectively applied to many problems in cheminformatics and computational drug discovery, but modern methods can be prohibitively expensive for large-scale applications. The SCISSORS method rapidly approximates measures of pairwise molecular similarity such as ROCS and LINGO Tanimotos, acting as a filter to quickly reduce the size ...
Fagel Selene - - 2013
How school-associated behavioral problems in childhood and adolescence precede distinctive adult schizotypal symptoms was examined. Gender specific findings were explored. After 11.6 (SD = 3.1) years, 159 patients of the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry of the University Medical Centre Utrecht, the Netherlands were reassessed for adult schizotypal symptoms. Severity of ...
Zheng Xiangyi - - 2013
Arteriovesical fistulas are extremely rare. Only eleven cases were previously reported in the literature. They can occur iatrogenically, traumatically or spontaneously. We report an unusual case of a 62-year-old woman with arteriovesical fistula that developed fatal hematuria after transurethral electrocoagulation. Computed tomography (CT) and selective angiography revealed a pseudoaneurysm of ...
Novotny S A - - 2013
Objectives: We aimed to identify parameters of low-intensity vibration that initiate the greatest osteogenic response in dystrophin-deficient mice and determine vibration safety for diseased muscle in three separate studies. Methods: Study1: Mdx mice were randomized into seven vibration treatments and 14 d later, plasma osteocalcin and tibial osteogenic gene expression ...
Doyle Aimie J - - 2013
A 12-year-old gelding was diagnosed with recurrent lymphoma in multiple cutaneous sites. A highly invasive preputial mass caused urethral obstruction. The horse was treated with surgery and chemotherapy consisting of lomustine (CCNU) and prednisolone. The treatment was well-tolerated and effective. This is the first reported use of lomustine (CCNU) in ...
Thompson Valerie - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to review outcomes from LLETZ (large loop excision of the transformation zone) procedures carried out for high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), in particular findings at colposcopy, cytology and HR-HPV(high-risk human papilloma virus) result to assess whether colposcopy provides any additional information in the management ...
Leresche Linda - - 2013
If persons at risk of developing chronic pain could be identified early in a pain episode, treatment could be tailored on the basis of risk. Responses to psychophysical tests differ in persons with chronic pain vs pain-free controls and thus appear promising as indicators of susceptibility to chronic pain. In ...
Manjila Sunil - - 2013
Object There are several surgical techniques for reducing blood loss-open surgical and endoscopic-prior to resection of giant anterior skull base meningiomas, especially when preoperative embolization is risky or not technically feasible. The authors present examples of an institutional experience using surgical ligation of the anterior and posterior ethmoidal arteries producing ...
Moses Kelvin A - - 2013
Penile cancer is a rare malignancy with less than 5 % being non-squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) primary malignancies. We report our 15-year experience of treating non-SCC penile cancer at a tertiary care cancer center. We identified 12 patients with non-SCC of the penis from 1996 to 2012. Demographic and clinical data ...
Yoon Chiyul - - 2013
The continuous autotransfusion system has been widely used in surgical operations. It is known that if oil is added to blood, and this mixture is then processed by an autotransfusion device, the added oil is removed and reinfusion of fat is prevented by the device. However, there is no detailed ...
Goode Ana A Cancer Prevention Research Centre, School of Population Health, The University of Queensland, Herston Rd., Herston, Queensland 4006 - - 2013
Despite proven efficacy, there are few published evaluations of telephone-delivered interventions targeting physical activity, healthy eating, and weight loss in community dissemination contexts. This study aims to evaluate participant and program outcomes from the Optimal Health Program, a telephone-delivered healthy lifestyle and weight loss program provided by a primary health ...
Cary K Clint KC University of California, San Francisco, CA, - - 2013
The use of biomarkers for prostate cancer (PCa) screening, detection, and prognostication have revolutionized the diagnosis and management of the disease. Current clinical practice has been driven largely by the utilization of prostate-specific antigen (PSA). The lack of specificity of PSA for PCa has led to both unnecessary biopsies and ...
Zemková Erika - - 2013
This review includes the latest findings based on experimental studies addressing sport-specific balance, an area of research that has grown dramatically in recent years. The main objectives of this work were to investigate the postural sway response to different forms of exercise under laboratory and sport-specific conditions, to examine how ...
Cobanoglu Murat Can - - 2013
Quantitative analysis of known drug-target interactions emerged in recent years as a useful approach for drug repurposing and assessing side effects. In the present study, we present a method that uses Probabilistic Matrix Factorization (PMF) for this purpose, which is particularly useful for analyzing large interaction networks. DrugBank drugs clustered ...
Zhang Ning - - 2013
Potato (Solanum tubersosum L.) is relatively vulnerable to abiotic stress conditions such as drought, but the tolerance mechanisms to such stress in potato are largely unknown. To gain insight into the transcriptome dynamics that are associated with drought stress, genome-wide gene expression profile was conducted by Solexa sequencing to generate ...
Cope Shannon - - 2013
Increasingly, network meta-analysis (NMA) of published survival data are based on parametric survival curves as opposed to reported hazard ratios to avoid relying on the proportional hazards assumption. If a Bayesian framework is used for the NMA, rank probabilities associated with the alternative treatments can be obtained, which directly support ...
You Xinxin - - 2013
Orange-spotted grouper, Epinephelus coioides, is one of the most valuable fish species in China. Commercial production of orange-spotted grouper could be increased by developing higher growth rates and improving commercially important traits. Information on genetic markers associated with quantitative trait loci (QTL) can be used in breeding programs to identify ...
Sun G G - - 2013
This study aimed to analyze the expression, clinical significance of epithelial membrane protein-1 (EMP1) in nasopharyngeal carcinoma, and the biological effect in its cell line by EMP1 overexpression. Immunohistochemistry and Western blot were used to analyze the EMP1 protein expression in 75 cases of nasopharyngeal cancer and 31 cases of ...
Head S I - - 2013
The fact that humans possess fast- and slow-twitch muscle in the ratio of ∼50% has profound implications for designing exercise training strategies for power and endurance activities. With the growth of exercise and sport science courses, we have seen the need to develop an undergraduate student laboratory that demonstrates the ...
Guillevin Loïc - - 2013
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare, debilitating and rapidly progressive disease. Although there have been important medical advances in PAH management, the search for a cure continues. Despite an increased understanding of the disease, data on the wider effect of PAH on patients and carers, beyond the clinical symptoms, ...
Weight Christopher J - - 2013
To prospectively study the effects of an incentivized exercise program on physical activity (PA), quality of life (QOL), and burnout among residents and fellows (RFs) in a large academic medical center. In January 2011, all RFs at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota (N=1060), were invited to participate in an elective, ...
Park Hyung Sub - - 2013
To determine the role of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in the pathogenesis of thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO), EPC numbers and colony-forming units, migratory function and tubular structure formation in vitro were compared between 13 young male TAO patients and two age-matched healthy control groups: 11 smokers and 12 non-smokers. TAO patients ...
Dzuman Zbynek - - 2013
Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) represents a bioanalytical strategy frequently used for rapid screening of mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) in cereals and derived products. Due to a considerable affinity of some anti-DON antibodies to structurally similar DON metabolites, such as DON-3-glucoside (DON-3-Glc) and 3-acetyl-DON (3-ADON), a significant overestimation of DON concentrations may ...
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