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Berezhnoy Alexey - - 2013
Recent studies have underscored the importance of memory T cells in mediating protective immunity against pathogens and cancer. Pharmacological inhibition of regulators that mediate T cell differentiation promotes the differentiation of activated CD8+ T cells into memory cells. Nonetheless, pharmacological agents have broad targets and can induce undesirable immunosuppressive effects. ...
Ekberg Jenny A K - - 2013
Olfactory ensheathing cells, the glial cells of the olfactory nervous system, exhibit unique growth-promoting and migratory properties that make them interesting candidates for cell therapies targeting neuronal injuries such as spinal cord injury. Transplantation of olfactory cells is feasible and safe in humans; however, functional outcomes are highly variable with ...
Takaori Koji - - 2013
The kidney has the capacity to recover from ischemic and toxic insults. Although there has been debate about the origin of cells that replace injured epithelial cells, it is now widely recognized that intrinsic surviving tubular cells are responsible for the repair. On the other hand, the cells, which have ...
Foreiter Magdalena B - - 2013
Optically active S-alkyl-N,N'-bis((S)-1-phenylethyl)thiouronium salts, abbreviated as (S)-[Cnpetu]Y (where Y is an anion; n = 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 or 16), have been prepared and studied by a broad spectrum of analyses. This consists of density, viscosity, and conductivity determination, followed by a discussion of relevant correlations. ...
Demirci Serpil - - 2013
6-Substituted amino-penicillanic acid esters were synthesized starting with 6-apa. The compounds containing a 1,3-thiazole- or 1,3-thiazolidinone nucleus linked to the penicillanic acid skeleton via a hydrazino linkage were obtained from 6-apa. The treatment of carbonylamino and carbonothioylamino compounds with 4-chlorophenacyl bromide or ethyl bromoacetate gave 6-bis{4-[1,3-thiazol(idinone)amino]benzoyl}amino derivatives of 6-apa. Benzyl ...
Helal Mohamed H M - - 2013
In an attempt to find a new class of antioxidant agents, a series of pyrazole, pyridopyrazoltriazine, pyrazolotriazine, isoxazole, and pyridine-containing products were prepared, starting with curcumin and appropriate chemical reagents. Thus, curcumin 1 undergoes coupling reaction with diazonium salts 2-5 to afford the corresponding 4-arylazo derivatives 6-9. Heating of 6 ...
Yip Henry K - - 2013
The vertebrate retina is a well-characterized model for studying neurogenesis. Retinal neurons and glia are generated in a conserved order from a pool of mutlipotent progenitor cells. During retinal development, retinal stem/progenitor cells (RPC) change their competency over time under the influence of intrinsic (such as transcriptional factors) and extrinsic ...
Yang Y - - 2013
Cullin 4B (CUL4B) is a component of the Cullin4B-Ring E3 ligase complex (CRL4B) that functions in proteolysis and is implicated in tumorigenesis. Here, we report that CRL4B is associated with histone methyltransferase SUV39H1, heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1) and DNA methyltransferases 3A (DNMT3A). We showed that CRL4B, through catalyzing H2AK119 monoubiquitination, ...
Kang Z - - 2013
Agents targeting the insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF1R) are in clinical development, but, despite some initial success of single agents in sarcoma, response rates are low with brief durations. Thus, it is important to identify markers predictive of response, to understand mechanisms of resistance, and to explore combination therapies. In ...
Gong C - - 2013
TGF-β has paradoxical effects on cancer cell proliferation, as it suppresses proliferation of normal epithelial and low-invasive cancer cells, but enhances that of high-invasive cancer cells. However, how cancer cells acquire the ability to evade the tumor-suppressing effects of TGF-β, yet still take advantage of its tumor-promoting effects, remains elusive. ...
Kuroda Yasumasa - - 2013
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have gained a great deal of attention for regenerative medicine because they can be obtained from easy accessible mesenchymal tissues, such as bone marrow, adipose tissue, and the umbilical cord, and have trophic and immunosuppressive effects to protect tissues. The most outstanding property of MSCs is ...
Nguyen H N - - 2013
Phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) is one of the most frequently mutated tumor suppressor genes in cancers. PTEN has a central role in phosphatidylinositol (3,4,5)-trisphosphate (PIP3) signaling and converts PIP3 to phosphatidylinositol (4,5)-bisphosphate at the plasma membrane. Despite its importance, the mechanism that mediates membrane localization of PTEN is poorly ...
Azzi S - - 2013
Kaposi sarcoma (KS) and primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) are two pathologies associated with KS herpes virus (KSHV/HHV-8) infection. KSHV genome contains several oncogenes, among which, the viral G-protein-coupled receptor (vGPCR open reading frame 74) has emerged as a major factor in KS pathogenicity. Indeed, vGPCR is a constitutively active receptor, ...
Glenn S T - - 2013
Efforts to model human pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PanNETs) in animals have been moderately successful, with minimal evidence for glucagonomas or metastatic spread. The renin gene, although classically associated with expression in the kidney, is also expressed in many other extrarenal tissues including the pancreas. To induce tumorigenesis within rennin-specific tissues, ...
Sacco J J - - 2013
The phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) pathway is commonly hyperactivated in cancer. One mechanism by which this occurs is by silencing of the phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN), a tumor suppressor and major antagonist of the pathway, through genetic, epigenetic or posttranscriptional mechanisms. Here, we used an unbiased siRNA screen in non-small-cell lung ...
Hou Y - - 2013
MUC1-C oncoprotein is associated with colon, breast, ovarian, lung and pancreatic cancers. MUC1-C interacts with intracellular proteins to elicit signaling cascades that induce cell proliferation and tumor growth. Here we report that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ), an E3 ubiquitin ligase, is an inhibitor of MUC1-C-mediated cell proliferation. PPARγ does ...
Ferracci Valerio - - 2013
The kinetics of the atmospherically important gas phase radical reaction between BrO and ClO have been studied over the temperature range T = 246-314 K by means of laser flash photolysis coupled with UV absorption spectroscopy. Charge-coupled-device (CCD) detection allowed simultaneous monitoring of both free radicals and the OClO product ...
Filipe Requicha João - - 2013
Periodontal disease is an inflammatory disease which constitutes an important health problem in humans due to its enormous prevalence and life threatening implications on systemic health. Routine standard periodontal treatments include gingival flaps, root planning, application of growth/differentiation factors or filler materials and guided tissue regeneration. However, these treatments have ...
Liao Hanbin - - 2013
We have demonstrated a one-pot, facile and rapid strategy to synthesize novel PtBi nanoplatelets (NPLs) and PdBi nanowires (NWs) with controlled shape, size, and composition in the presence of oleylamine (OAm) and NH4Br. In contrast to the conventional face centered cubic (fcc) structure of Pt-based NPs, PtBi possesses a chemically ...
Yu Sung-Suk Violet - - 2013
OBJECTIVE This study examined the prevalence and correlates of suicidal ideation among parolees and among persons who were not on parole. METHODS Three years of data (2009 to 2011) from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health were analyzed. Data on sociodemographic and clinical characteristics and violent behaviors of ...
Wang Yimeng - - 2013
The most recent American Association of Blood Banks survey found that 40 000 units of blood are required daily for general medicine, hematology/oncology, surgery, and for accident and trauma victims. While blood transfusions are an extremely important component of critical healthcare, complications associated with transfusion of blood components still exist. It ...
Vin-Raviv Neomi - - 2013
ABSTRACT Background: Several studies have suggested that post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is related to adverse health outcomes. There are limited data on PTSD and cancer, which has a long latency period. We investigated the association between World War II (WWII)-related PTSD and subsequent breast cancer (BC) risk among Jewish WWII ...
El-Sayed Yasser S - - 2013
Fish are relatively sensitive to changes in their surrounding environment, including increasing pollution. Therefore, the present study was undertaken to evaluate the impact of contamination with the pendimethalin-based herbicide; Stomp(®) 50% EC (50% pendimethalin as emulsive concentrate) on adults of the monosex Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus L. A total of ...
Wang Xiao-Mi - - 2013
Many studies have examined pair-wise interactions between plants and endophytes, while overlooking the interplays among multiple endosymbionts and their combined impacts on hosts. In this study, Atractylodes lancea plantlets were inoculated with endophytic fungus Acremonium strictum AL16, or endophytic bacterium Acinetobacter sp., or both, to investigate the impacts of the ...
Jeon June E - - 2013
Critical-sized osteochondral defects are clinically challenging, with limited treatment options available. By engineering osteochondral grafts using a patient's own cells and osteochondral scaffolds designed to facilitate cartilage and bone regeneration, osteochondral defects may be treated with less complications and better long-term clinical outcomes. Scaffolds can influence the development and structure ...
Bartels Stephen J - - 2013
OBJECTIVES Self-management is promoted as a strategy for improving outcomes for serious mental illness as well as for chronic general medical conditions. This study evaluated the feasibility and effectiveness of an eight-month program combining training in self-management for both psychiatric and general medical illness, including embedded nurse care management. METHODS ...
Sicari Brian M - - 2013
The well-recognized ability of skeletal muscle for functional and structural regeneration following injury is severely compromised in degenerative diseases and in volumetric muscle loss. Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine strategies to support muscle reconstruction have typically been cell-centric with approaches that involve the exogenous delivery of cells with myogenic potential. ...
Bayramoglu Zehra - - 2013
Robotic telemanipulation systems have emerged as facilitating tools that enhance minimally invasive cardiac surgery.The purpose of this study was to evaluate graft patency by a combination of invasive and non-invasive coronary angiography methods in robotic-assisted coronary artery surgery(CABG) for optimal quality control. Between April 2004 and February 2012, patients who ...
Kim Daejin - - 2013
Exceptionally high hydrogen permselectivity, exceeding that of any polymeric or porous inorganic systems, is achieved using an ionically crosslinked multilayer polymer thin film.
Mogal Vishal - - 2013
Current methods of tissue fixation rely on mechanical-related technologies developed from the clothing and carpentry industries. Herein, a novel bioadhesive method that allows tuneable adhesion and is also applicable to biodegradable polyester substrates is described. Diazirine is the key functional group that allows strong soft tissue crosslinking and on-demand adhesion ...
McKibben Jodi B A - - 2013
OBJECTIVE U.S. Army personnel experience a significant mental health burden, particularly during times of war and multiple deployments. This study identified rates of suicidality (seriously considering or attempting suicide) and types of mental health services used in the past 12 months by active duty Army soldiers. METHODS This study used ...
Chevallier P - - 2013
Previous data suggested that allo-SCT might be an effective therapy in the setting of chemo-refractory/relapsed diseases because of the potent long-term immune-mediated tumor control. This retrospective study aimed to analyze the outcome of adult patients who received allo-SCT in a chemo-refractory/relapsed status. The series included 840 patients with active or ...
Jaekel N - - 2013
The Janus-activated kinase 1 (JAK1) and JAK2 inhibitor ruxolitinib is effective in decreasing symptomatic splenomegaly and myelofibrosis (MF)-related symptoms. However, allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) remains the only curative option. We evaluated the impact of ruxolitinib on the outcome after HCT. A cohort of 14 patients (median age 58 years) ...
Trosko James E - - 2013
This article as designed to examine whether the "stoichiometric" or "elite models" of the origin of the "induced pluripotent stem" (iPS) cells fits some experiment facts from the developmental biology of adult stem cells and from the field of cancer research. In brief, since the evidence presented to support the ...
Wang Y - - 2013
To evaluate the effect of the different doses of antithymocyte globulin (ATG) on the incidence of acute GVHD among patients receiving hematopoietic SCT without ex vivo T-cell-depletion from haploidentical donors, 224 patients with standard-risk hematological malignancy were randomized in this study. One hundred and twelve patients received 6 mg/kg ATG, whereas ...
Soltermann Daniela - - 2013
The interaction of Fe(II) with clay minerals is of particular relevance in global geochemical processes controlling metal and nutrient cycles and the fate of contaminants. In this context, the influence of competitive sorption effects between Fe(II) and other relevant transition metals on their uptake characteristics and mobility remains an important ...
Gao Jiefeng - - 2013
A facile method, i.e., nonsolvent assisted electrospraying, is proposed to fabricate hierarchically porous microspheres. The pore size on the microsphere surface ranges from a few tens to several hundred nanometers. Thermally and nonsolvent induced phase separation as well as breath figure is responsible for the formation of the hierarchical structures ...
van Kempen Silvia E H J - - 2013
Two major types of food-grade surfactants used to stabilize foams are proteins and low molecular weight (LMW) surfactants. Proteins lower the surface tension of interfaces and tend to unfold and stabilize the interface by the formation of a visco-elastic network, which leads to high surface moduli. In contrast, LMW surfactants ...
Urban Christian - - 2013
TCNQ derivatives adsorbed on a metal surface undergo a self-limited decyanation reaction that only affects two out of the four cyano groups in the molecule. Combined Scanning Tunneling Microscopy/X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy experiments and Density Functional Theory calculations relate the self-limiting behavior to the transfer of electrons from the metal to ...
Meule Adrian - - 2013
Night eating syndrome is marked by substantial evening or nocturnal food intake, insomnia, morning anorexia, and depressed mood. Night eating severity has been positively associated with body mass index (BMI), binge eating frequency, and emotional eating tendencies. We conducted an online questionnaire study among students (N = 729) and explored possible interactive ...
Hu Yandi - - 2013
Heterogeneous co-precipitation of iron and aluminum oxides is an important process for pollutant immobilization and removal in natural and engineered aqueous environments. Here, using a synchrotron-based small angle X-ray scattering technique, we studied heterogeneous nucleation and growth of Fe(III) (hydr)oxide on quartz under conditions found in acid mine drainage (at ...
Diab Dima L - - 2013
Introduction: Denosumab is a fully human monoclonal antibody against the receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand. It is an antiresorptive agent that reduces osteoclastogenesis. Areas covered: This drug evaluation reviews denosumab for use in osteoporosis. Denosumab has been shown to improve bone mineral density (BMD) and to reduce the ...
Wang H J - - 2013
Diffuse cutaneous mastocytosis (DCM) is an extremely rare disease characterized by massive proliferation of mast cells infiltrating the entire skin. We report a Chinese family with indolent DCM, and detection of a new germline KIT mutation located in the fifth immunoglobulin-like loop of the KIT protein, which probably results in ...
Seo Young Joon - - 2013
Androgens are important hormones that influence sebum production from the sebaceous glands. Human facial skin can be categorized as T- and U-zones, which are areas with high and low levels of sebum secretion, respectively. This study was performed to investigate whether there are topographical differences in androgen receptor (AR) expression ...
Casella Michela - - 2013
Our study aims to compare acute myocardial injury biomarker rise after atrial fibrillation ablation performed with different technologies. Methods and Results: One hundred and ten patients (pts) were treated with Pulmonary Vein (PV) isolation with 4 different technologies: open-irrigated tip RF catheter in 35 pts (Group A), cryoballoon in 35 ...
Galperin Jorge - - 2013
To compare the outcome of 3 months versus 18 months of amiodarone treatment after atrial fibrillation (AF) conversion in patients who experienced the first episode of persistent AF. We included 51 patients who experienced the first episode of persistent AF receiving amiodarone (600 mg) daily for 4-6 weeks. If AF ...
Wälchli Sébastien - - 2013
Protective T-cell responses depend on efficient presentation of antigen in the context of major histocompatibility complex class I (MHCI) and class II (MHCII) molecules. Invariant chain (Ii) serves as a chaperone for MHCII molecules and mediates trafficking to the endosomal pathway. The genetic exchange of the class II-associated Ii peptide ...
Giannopoulou Ifigenia - - 2013
Abstract Low exercise capacity and high obesity levels are the main characteristics of people with serious mental illness (SMI). We conducted a pilot study on the effects of a 3-month exercise and dietary intervention on the aerobic capacity and body composition of obese adults with SMI taking Olanzapine, a second ...
Arantes Lucas Micquéias - - 2013
The aim of this work was to study the interaction between the local anesthetic benzocaine and p-sulfonic acid calix[n]arenes using NMR and theoretical calculations and to assess the effects of complexation on cytotoxicity of benzocaine. The architectures of the complexes were proposed according to (1) H NMR data (Job plot, ...
Taylor Ulrike - - 2013
Abstract To examine gold nanoparticle reprotoxicity, bovine spermatozoa were challenged with ligand-free or oligonucleotide-conjugated gold nanoparticles synthesized purely without any surfactants by laser ablation. Sperm motility declined at nanoparticle mass dose of 10 µg/ml (corresponding to ∼14 000 nanoparticles per sperm cell) regardless of surface modification. Sperm morphology and viability remained unimpaired ...
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