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Zarbin Marco A - - 2013
Herein, we discuss recent applications of nanotechnology to ophthalmology, including nanoparticles for drug, gene, and trophic factor delivery; regenerative medicine (in the areas of optogenetics and optic nerve regeneration); and diagnostics (eg, minimally invasive biometric monitoring). Specific applications for the management of choroidal neovascularization, retinal neovascularization, oxidative damage, optic nerve ...
Sandri Marco - - 2013
A number of recent studies have highlighted the importance of autophagy and the ubiquitin-proteasome in the pathogenesis of muscle wasting in different types of inherited muscle disorders. Autophagy is crucial for the removal of dysfunctional organelles and protein aggregates, whereas the ubiquitin-proteasome is important for the quality control of proteins. ...
Sofianopoulou Eleni - - 2013
We investigated the association between respiratory prescribing, air quality and deprivation in primary health care. Most previous studies have used data from secondary and tertiary care to quantify air pollution effects on exacerbations of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, these outcomes capture patients who suffer from relatively ...
Wang Wuyi - - 2013
Multisensory enhancement, as a facilitation phenomenon, is responsible for superior behavioral performance when an individual is responding to cross-modal versus modality-specific stimuli. However, the event-related potential (ERP) counterparts of behavioral multisensory enhancement are not well known. We recorded ERPs and behavioral data from 14 healthy volunteers with three types of ...
Carnovale Valérie - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to investigate the differences in digital reactive hyperemic index (RHI) in men and postmenopausal women. We investigated the differences in and correlates of RHI, measured by peripheral artery tonometry (PAT), in a group of 82 men (mean age ± SD: 55.6 ± 8.2 ...
Rivera-Velasquez Maria Fernanda - - 2013
In this article we consider the methods of deterministic and probabilistic risk analysis regarding the presence of chemical contaminants in soil, water and air, with a broader meaning than usual for the latter, as we extended the probabilistic treatment to the parameters that influence the transport to a greater extent, ...
Briassoulis Demetres - - 2013
A review of agricultural plastic waste generation and consolidation in Europe is presented. A detailed geographical mapping of the agricultural plastic use and waste generation in Europe was conducted focusing on areas of high concentration of agricultural plastics. Quantitative data and analysis of the agricultural plastic waste generation by category, ...
Ojeda-Benítez Sara - - 2013
Certain domestic wastes exhibit characteristics that render them dangerous, such as explosiveness, flammability, spontaneous combustion, reactivity, toxicity and corrosiveness. The lack of information about their generation and composition hinders the creation of special programs for their collection and treatment, making these wastes a potential threat to human health and the ...
Chauhan Suneet P - - 2013
Confusion in terminology and non-standardized definitions can arguably be classified as the most important characteristics that lead to disparate study findings. While such situations abound in all of perinatal epidemiology, the study of "periviable birth" is a classic case in point. The most common term used to describe periviable birth ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2013
The objective of this paper is to review observational studies that addressed the survival of pre-viable gestations in the United States. We searched PubMed, Ovid, CINAHL, and Web of Knowledge for studies reporting survival of infants born at <24 gestational weeks and/or <500g in the United States and published between ...
Hankins Gary D V - - 2013
Assessments of gestational age are critical in dealing with the pregnancy at the limits of viability, 22-25-weeks gestation, where neonatal outcomes reveal very significant differences from week to week. The obstetrical team can estimate gestational age within a window of 7-10 days during this critical threshold at the window of ...
Chien Edward K - - 2013
The periviable period is associated with a rapid improvement in both mortality and morbidity with increasing gestational age. Therapies that can prolong gestation have the potential for markedly improving outcome compared to later in pregnancy. The therapies commonly prescribed in order to prolong gestation include bed rest, tocolysis, progesterone, and ...
Wapner Ronald J - - 2013
Antenatal corticosteroids have been proven to accelerate fetal lung development and reduce neonatal morbidity and mortality when given between 28 and 34 weeks of gestation. However, there is only limited research to guide their use in the periviable period (22-26 weeks). Laboratory studies suggest that it is biologically plausible for ...
Mercer Brian M - - 2013
The optimal mode of delivery when periviable birth is anticipated has been the subject of considerable discussion. Potentially, cesarean delivery could avert intrapartum fetal trauma and asphyxia and allow timed delivery to assure readiness of neonatal intensive care resources. However, cesarean delivery in the early preterm period commonly necessitates a ...
Chervenak Frank A - - 2013
Ethics is an essential dimension of the management of periviable birth in both clinical practice and research. The goal of clinical care in periviable birth is to improve outcomes for current pregnant and fetal patients. The goal of research in periviable birth is to improve outcomes for future pregnant patients ...
Srinivas Sindhu K - - 2013
The potential delivery of an extremely premature infant presents a clinical situation that raises a complex combination of medical, social, ethical, religious, and economic issues. It is a unique medical encounter such that it is not all about "curing" the patient. Rather, it is an encounter where counseling is assisting ...
Thompson Andrew R - - 2013
Curricular reform is a widespread trend among medical schools. Assessing the impact that pedagogical changes have on students is a vital step in review process. This study examined how a shift from discipline-focused instruction and assessment to integrated instruction and assessment affected student performance in a second-year medical school pathology ...
Medler Scott - - 2013
Most undergraduate physiology laboratories are very limited in how they treat renal physiology. It is common to find teaching laboratories equipped with the capability for high-resolution digital recordings of physiological functions (muscle twitches, ECG, action potentials, respiratory responses, etc.), but most urinary laboratories still rely on a "dipstick" approach of ...
van der Weegen W - - 2013
The aim of this study was to establish the natural course of unrevised asymptomatic pseudotumours after metal-on-metal (MoM) hip resurfacing during a six- to 12-month follow-up period. We used repeated metal artefact reduction sequence (MARS)-magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), serum metal ion analysis and clinical examination to study 14 unrevised hips (mean ...
Osawa Y - - 2013
Exogenous stimulation of skeletal muscle or tendon is often used to improve range of motion. Despite substantial research efforts, however, the effects of vibration on flexibility have not been clarified. In this review, we investigated the effects of acute and chronic intervention programs which used vibration to improve flexibility in ...
Eimar H - - 2013
Objectives: This study was designed to assess effects of cholinergic stimulation using acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (AChEIs), a group of drugs that stimulate cholinergic receptors and are used to treat Alzheimer's disease (AD), on healing of hip fractures. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed using 46-female AD patients, aged above 75 ...
Zhou W - - 2013
Objectives: Our objective was to study changes in calcium and vitamin D intakes over time, and their cross-sectional and longitudinal associations with bone mineral density (BMD). Methods: We followed 9382 women and men aged ≥25 and 899 aged 16-24, for 10 and 2 years respectively. Results: Calcium and vitamin D ...
Matheson L A - - 2013
Muscle function can be assessed through jumping mechanography, where portable ground reaction force plates collect dynamic information as a subject jumps. The aim of this study was to assess both intra- and inter- rater reliability of jumping mechanography. Ten healthy adults underwent 3 sets of testing (collected by 3 different ...
Hart H F - - 2013
We investigated the immediate effects of a varus knee brace on knee symptoms and knee-joint biomechanics in an individual with predominant lateral tibiofemoral joint osteoarthritis (TFJOA) and valgus malalignment after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. A varus unloader brace was prescribed to a 48-year-old male with predominant lateral radiographic and ...
Ployart Stéphane - - 2013
A 2-year-old male French bulldog was presented for investigation of lumbosacral pain and hindlimb ataxia associated with urinary and fecal incontinence. Survey radiography, myelography, and computed tomography images were suggestive of a dermoid sinus with associated spina bifida. Surgical intervention led to a resolution of pain and neurological deficits. Histopathological ...
Eshar David - - 2013
Severe hydroureter and hydronephrosis secondary to ureteral obstruction by calculus were present in a guinea pig. A palliative ultrasound-guided percutaneous antegrade hydropropulsion was performed under general anesthesia to relieve the ureteral obstruction and the associated clinical signs. We describe the technique and the considerations for its potential application in similar ...
Occhipinti Lindsay L - - 2013
This pilot study determined the rate of bacterial contamination on surgical drapes of small animal patients warmed intra-operatively with the Bair Hugger(®) forced air warming system compared to a control method. Surgical drapes of 100 patients undergoing clean surgical procedures were swabbed with aerobic culturettes at the beginning and end ...
Wainberg Shannon - - 2013
A 6-month-old domestic shorthair cat was referred for evaluation of sudden lethargy and tachypnea following ovariohysterectomy. Upon failure of improvement with supportive care, a cardiologist identified congenital tricuspid dysplasia with signs of heart failure. Furosemide, enalapril, and pimobendan were used to reduce clinical signs and improve length and quality of ...
Bor Renáta - - 2013
Introduction: Tumor necrosis factor-alpha inhibitors are increasingly used in the treatment of severe Crohn's disease. Aim: The aim of the authors was to assess retrospectively the short and long term efficacy of tumor necrosis factor-alpha inhibitors in fistulising Crohn's disease. Method: Responses to therapy was determined using Crohn's Disease Activity ...
Ohan Jeneva L - - 2013
OBJECTIVE There is concern that diagnostic labels for psychiatric disorders may invoke damaging stigma, especially for children. This study compared parents' stigma toward children with the symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or depression versus the same symptoms plus a psychiatric label. METHODS Parents (N=225) rated their stereotypes, prejudice, and ...
Davis Lisa - - 2013
OBJECTIVE This exploratory study examined whether social network structures among persons with severe mental illness-the size of the current friendship network and the frequency of contact with it-are related to lifetime arrest. METHODS Data from 119 individuals who participated in psychosocial rehabilitation programs in Los Angeles County were used. Hierarchical ...
Santamaria Francesca - - 2013
Growing evidence indicates that inherited metabolic diseases are increasingly being recognised. Life expectancy for many patients is progressively improving because new therapeutic strategies are available. Because most inherited metabolic diseases are systemic disorders, virtually all organs may be involved. Respiratory disease complicates the management of several inherited metabolic diseases, either ...
Maharaj Shyam - - 2013
Fibrocytes are bone marrow-derived, circulating mesenchymal progenitor cells that play a role in several fibrotic disorders, including lung fibrosis. They are attracted to injured tissue by various chemokines. It is likely that fibrocytes play a detrimental role in tissue homeostasis and promote fibrosis, although this paradigm needs further confirmation. This ...
Dimopoulos Konstantinos - - 2013
This is the case of a young female who was seen at our adult congenital heart disease and pulmonary hypertension service (Royal Brompton Hospital, London, UK) at the age of 17 years. She initially presented at the age of 4 years with increasing shortness of breath. At that time, there ...
Bergot Emmanuel - - 2013
The aim of this article is to summarise the published data on prognostic and predictive biomarkers for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and discuss how to integrate them into clinical trials. Large phase III trials have been published in resected NSCLC with biomarkers identifying subsets of patients benefitting from ...
Holland Anne E - - 2013
Dyspnoea, fatigue, reduced exercise tolerance, peripheral muscle dysfunction and mood disorders are common features of many chronic respiratory disorders. Pulmonary rehabilitation successfully treats these manifestations in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and emerging evidence suggests that these benefits could be extended to other chronic respiratory conditions, although adaptations to the ...
Murphy Tanya K - - 2013
Tic disorders, including Tourette's disorder, present with a wide range of symptom severity and associated comorbidity. This Practice Parameter reviews the evidence from research and clinical experience in the evaluation and treatment of pediatric tic disorders. Recommendations are provided for a comprehensive evaluation to include common comorbid disorders and for ...
Zuehlke Jesse M - - 2013
Brettanomyces is a major threat to red wine quality, causing off-odors such as "medicinal," "barnyard," or even "sewage" during aging. Although sulfites (SO2) are used to limit spoilage by these yeast cells, reduced storage temperatures may lessen SO2 requirements. To test this hypothesis, a 4 | 4 factorial experimental design ...
Wang Rong - - 2013
The effect of the sponge sample collection site on the recovery of multiple indicator organisms from beef carcass surfaces was evaluated to simplify and validate our previous sampling method for ease of implementation as a general protocol. Sponge samples were collected at three beef processing plants using hot water or ...
Oliver H F - - 2013
Listeria monocytogenes strain F2365 was the first strain representative of serotype 4b (lineage I) to be sequenced in 2004, suggesting it could become the model organism for this serotype, which is associated with most human outbreaks of listeriosis worldwide to date. F2365 itself is an outbreak strain that was involved ...
Snyder Heather L - - 2013
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a pathogen that has developed resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics and has been isolated at low population numbers in retail meat products. The objectives of this study were to estimate the potential transfer of MRSA from contaminated retail pork products to food contact surfaces and to ...
Carpenter L Rand - - 2013
Transmission of foodborne pathogens from ill food workers to diners in restaurants is an important cause of foodborne illness outbreaks. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration recommends that food workers with vomiting or diarrhea (symptoms of foodborne illness) be excluded from work. To understand the experiences and characteristics of workers ...
Chien Chi-Wen - - 2013
Verbal rating scale (VRS) and numerical rating scale (NRS) are regularly used to assess and monitor pain in chronic pain patients. Although the NRS has been generally preferred, limited comparative responsiveness evidence was reported. This study compared the responsiveness of VRS and NRS measuring current pain and investigated the influence ...
Chen Nan-Fu - - 2013
Previous studies have reported that the intrathecal (i.t.) administration of transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) prevents and reverses neuropathic pain. However, only limited information is available regarding the possible role and effects of spinal TGF-β1 in neuropathic pain. We aimed to investigate the antinociceptive effects of exogenous TGF-β1 on chronic ...
Agarwal Vijay - - 2013
Object Tumors of the cerebellopontine angle (CPA) have always proven difficult for neurosurgeons to optimally manage. Studies investigating the natural history and treatment of vestibular schwannomas have dominated the literature in this regard. Distinguishing meningiomas from schwannomas in this location carries particular importance as each tumor type has certain prognostic ...
Xu Feng - - 2013
Object Petroclival meningiomas remain a formidable challenge for neurosurgeons because of their location deep within the skull base and proximity to eloquent neurovascular structures. Various skull base approaches have been used in their treatment, and deciding which is the optimal one remains controversial. Attempts at achieving gross- or near-total resections ...
Kuhn Elizabeth N - - 2013
Object The purpose of this study was to evaluate patterns of failure after stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for meningiomas and factors that may influence these outcomes. Methods Based on a retrospective chart review, 279 patients were treated with SRS for meningiomas between January 1999 and March 2011 at Wake Forest Baptist ...
Singla Amit - - 2013
The role of preoperative embolization in meningioma management remains controversial, even though 4 decades have passed since it was first described. It has been shown to offer benefits such as decreased blood loss and "softening of the tumor" during subsequent resection. However, the actual benefits remain unclear, and the potential ...
Hou Jack - - 2013
Meningioma is the second most common type of adult intracranial neoplasm. A substantial subset of patients present with peritumoral brain edema (PTBE), which can cause significant morbidity via mass effect, complicate surgical management, and impact the safety of stereotactic radiosurgery. Recent studies suggest a close relationship between vascular endothelial growth ...
Chang Xiao - - 2013
Object Meningiomas are among the most common primary adult brain tumors. Although typically benign, roughly 2%-5% display malignant pathological features. The key molecular pathways involved in malignant transformation remain to be determined. Methods Illumina expression microarrays were used to assess gene expression levels, and Illumina single-nucleotide polymorphism arrays were used ...
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