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Results 401 - 450 of 2229
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Hao Yiting - - 2013
A degradable poly(ethylene glycol)-diacrylate (PEGDA) hydrogel system was developed using simple macromer formulations and visible light initiated thiol-acrylate photopolymerization. In addition to PEGDA, other components in this gelation system include eosin-Y as a photo-sensitizer, bi-functional thiol (dithiothreitol, DTT) as a dual-purpose co-initiator and cross-linker, and N-vinylpyrrolidone (NVP) as a co-monomer. ...
Case Elizabeth Di Russo - - 2013
Autophagy is a key innate immune response to intracellular parasites that promotes their delivery to degradative lysosomes following detection in the cytosol or within damaged vacuoles. Like Listeria and Shigella, which use specific mechanisms to avoid autophagic detection and capture, the bacterial pathogen Francisella tularensis proliferates within the cytosol of ...
Smith Nicole K - - 2013
Almost half of all pregnancies in the United States are unintentional, unplanned, or mistimed. Most unplanned pregnancies result from inconsistent, incorrect, or nonuse of a contraceptive method. Diminished sexual function and pleasure may be a barrier to using hormonal contraception. This study explores sexual function and behaviors of women in ...
Moore Jason S - - 2013
Currently, kinetic data is either collected under steady-state conditions in flow or by generating time-series data in batch. Batch experiments are generally considered to be more suitable for the generation of kinetic data because of the ability to collect data from many time points in a single experiment. Now, a ...
Hussain Shobbir - - 2013
The post-transcriptional modification 5-methylcytosine (m5C) occurs in a wide range of coding and non-coding RNAs. We describe transcriptome-wide approaches to capture the global m5C RNA methylome. We also discuss the potential functions of m5C in RNA and compare them to 6-methyladenosine modifications.
von Maltzahn Julia - - 2013
Wnt signaling has essential roles during embryonic development and tissue homoeostasis. Wnt proteins are post-translationally modified and the attachment of a palmitate moiety at two conserved residues is believed to be a prerequisite for the secretion and function of Wnt proteins. Here we demonstrate that a mammalian Wnt protein can ...
Oldenburg J - - 2013
Warfarin and other 4-hydroxycoumarin-based oral anticoagulants targeting vitamin K 2,3-epoxide reductase complex subunit 1 (VKORC1) are administered to humans, mice and rats with different purposes in mind - to act as pesticides in high-dosage baits for killing rodents, but also to save lives when administered in low dosages as antithrombotic ...
Louvel Hélène - - 2013
Genome analysis of over 70 Saccharomyces strains revealed the existence of five groups of genetically diverged S. cerevisiae wild-type isolates, which feature distinct genetic backgrounds and reflect the natural diversity existing among the species. The strains originated from different geographical and ecological niches (Malaysian, West African, North American, Wine/European, and ...
Ghosh Upal - - 2013
This manuscript provides practical guidance on the use of passive sampling methods (PSMs) that target the freely dissolved concentration (Cfree ) for improved exposure assessment of hydrophobic organic chemicals in sediments. Primary considerations for selecting a PSM for a specific application include clear delineation of measurement goals for Cfree , ...
Manna Uttam - - 2013
I'm stuck on you: Droplet-based liquid crystal (LC) chemical sensors can be immobilized on living cells. The decorated cells can report in real time on the presence of toxins in surrounding culture media. The approach provides new principles for the design of droplet-based LC sensors as well as methods for ...
Anastassov Ivan - - 2013
Our recent studies have shown that endogenous zinc, co-released with glutamate from the synaptic terminals of vertebrate retinal photoreceptors, provides a feedback mechanism that reduces calcium entry and the concomitant vesicular release of glutamate. We hypothesized that zinc feedback may serve to protect the retina from glutamate excitotoxicity, and conducted ...
Liu Hsin-Yi - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: Powered seating functions (PSFs) provide powered wheelchair users an independent means to adjust posture dynamically. To facilitate the best use of PSFs in daily living, we conducted this structured interview study to develop a preliminary user guide to provide "take-home" information to powered wheelchair users. Method: An internally ...
Wilcz-Villega E - - 2013
Increased intestinal permeability and altered expression of tight junction (TJ) proteins may be implicated in the pathogenesis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). This study aimed to investigate the expression of adherens junction (AJ) protein E-cadherin and TJ proteins zonula occludens (ZO)-1 and claudin (CLD)-1 and associations with IBS symptoms. Junctional ...
Fletcher Christopher D - - 2013
ABSTRACT Central nervous system (CNS) relapse in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) occurs infrequently (approximately 5%), but is almost universally fatal. Controversy exists regarding which factors most reliably identify high-risk patients in the post-rituximab era. Clarification is also needed regarding the value of prophylaxis strategies when contemporary rituximab-based ...
Liu Xinyu - - 2013
Pt alloy nanostructures show great promise as electrocatalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in fuel cell cathodes. Herein, three-dimensional (3D) Pt-Pd-Co trimetallic network nanostructures (TNNs) with a high degree of alloying are synthesized through a room temperature wet chemical synthetic method by using K2 PtCl4 /K3 Co(CN)6 -K2 PdCl4 ...
Gohil Ishan - - 2013
Vacuum phenomenon (VP) is an anatomical entity of potential confusion in the diagnosis and evaluation of joint pathology. Observation of this phenomenon has been demonstrated on basic radiographs, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging. Although VP is most often associated with degenerative joint disease, it is observed with other pathologies. ...
Panter-Brick Catherine - - 2013
In humanitarian settings, family-level drivers of mental health are insufficiently documented; we examined the strength of caregiver-child associations with two-wave, family-level Afghan data. We recruited a gender-balanced sample of 681 caregiver-child dyads (n = 1,362 respondents) using stratified random-sampling in government schools in Kabul (364 dyads) and refugee schools in Peshawar (317 ...
Nie Yu-Qiang - - 2013
Accumulating evidence supports the role of miR-122 in fatty liver disease. We investigated miR-122 expression in a steatotic hepatocyte model, the effect of miR-122 over-expression and inhibition in the pathogenesis. Human hepatic cell line L02 was induced with oleic acid to establish the steatotic hepatocyte model. Intracellular lipid content was ...
Crameri R - - 2013
Allergic diseases are considered the epidemics of the twentieth century estimated to affect more than 30% of the population in industrialized countries with a still increasing incidence. During the past two decades, the application of molecular biology allowed cloning, production and characterization of hundreds of recombinant allergens. In turn, knowledge ...
Jancke Georg - - 2013
Abstract Objective. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of experience in transurethral resection of bladder tumour (TURBT) on recurrence and progression in primary Ta/T1 urinary bladder cancer. Material and methods. Clinical and pathological characteristics of patients with primary Ta/T1 urinary bladder cancer were recorded prospectively from 1992 to 2007 ...
Kami Chitose - - 2013
Phototropism allows plants to orient their photosynthetic organs towards the light. In Arabidopsis, phototropins 1 and 2 sense directional blue light with phot1 triggering phototropism in response to low fluence rates, while both phot1 and phot2 mediate this response in higher light. Phototropism results from asymmetric growth in the hypocotyl ...
Sonabend Adam M - - 2013
Object Central nervous system (CNS) hemangiopericytomas are relatively uncommon and unique among CNS tumors as they can originate from or develop metastases outside of the CNS. Significant difference of opinion exists in the management of these lesions, as current treatment paradigms are based on limited clinical experience and single-institution series. ...
Keir Gregory J - - 2013
In patients with severe interstitial lung disease (ILD) progressing despite conventional immunosuppression, rituximab, a B-lymphocyte depleting monoclonal antibody, may offer an effective rescue therapy. Retrospective assessment of 50 patients with severe, progressive ILD (of varying aetiologies, excluding idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF)) treated with rituximab between 2010 and 2012. Change in ...
Smolinska S - - 2013
Histamine is a biogenic amine with extensive effects on many cell types, mediated by the activation of its four receptors (H1R-H4R). Distinct effects are dependent on receptor subtypes and their differential expression. Within the gastrointestinal tract, histamine is present at relatively high concentrations, particularly during inflammatory responses. In this review, ...
Rüther Thomas - - 2013
Two N-donor-functionalised ionic liquids (ILs), 1-ethyl-1,4-dimethylpiperazinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)amide (1) and 1-(2-dimethylaminoethyl)-dimethylethylammonium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)amide (2), were synthesised and their electrochemical and transport properties measured. The data were compared with the benchmark system, N-butyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)amide (3). Marked differences in thermal and electrochemical stability were observed between the two tertiary-amine-functionalised salts and the non-functionalised benchmark. ...
Imaizumi Yoichi - - 2013
Human induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells obtained by reprogramming technology are a source of great hope, not only in terms of applications in regenerative medicine, such as cell transplantation therapy, but also for modeling human diseases and new drug development. In particular, the production of iPS cells from the somatic ...
Carballeira Alexo - - 2013
Background The majority of lip cancer is the squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) type that exhibits clinical and biological characteristics intermediate between skin and oral SCC. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression on prognosis of lip squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) ...
Grenho Liliana - - 2013
Hydroxyapatite (HA) is a biocompatible and bioactive synthetic material for biomedical applications as it binds to bone and enhances bone tissue formation. Particularly, nanophased HA can mimic the dimensions of constituent components of natural tissues; can modulate enhanced osteoblast adhesion and resorption with long-term functionality of tissue engineered implants. However, ...
Esposito Fabienne - - 2013
Objective: Apathy, defined as a reduction in voluntary goal-directed behaviors (GDBs), is common in aging, but the processes underlying apathy are still unclear. Self-efficacy beliefs are likely to play a key role in GDBs, by influencing goal setting, perceived difficulty, and the necessary amount of effort to achieve goals. The ...
Fujiwara Kenshu - - 2013
Pectenotoxin-2 (PTX2) is a shellfish toxin and has a non-anomeric spiroacetal, which is not stabilized by an anomeric effect. The selective construction of the non-anomeric spiroacetal has been a major problem in the synthesis of PTX2. Described herein is the stereoselective total synthesis of PTX2 via the isomerization of anomeric ...
Kauscher Ulrike - - 2013
This article describes light-responsive vesicles that can release their contents in response to a light-sensitive molecular trigger. To this end, liposomes were equipped with amphiphilic β-cyclodextrin that was covalently labeled with azobenzene. Using dye encapsulation and confocal laser scanning microscopy, we show that the permeability of these vesicles strongly increases ...
Giselbrecht Stefan - - 2013
The term "cyborg" refers to a cybernetic organism, which characterizes the chimera of a living organism and a machine. Owing to the widespread application of intracorporeal medical devices, cyborgs are no longer exclusively a subject of science fiction novels, but technically they already exist in our society. In this review, ...
Ozalvo Rachel - - 2013
The responses of two closely related members of Arabidopsis 13-lipoxygenase (13-LOX)- LOX3 and LOX4-to infection by the sedentary nematodes root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne javanica) and cyst nematode (Heterodera schachtii) were analyzed in transgenic Arabidopsis seedlings. Tissue localization of LOX3 and LOX4 gene expression using β-glucuronidase (GUS) reporter gene constructs showed local ...
Lähteenmäki R - - 2013
We compared the efficacy of melatonin and placebo as adjuvants in the withdrawal of patients from long-term temazepam, zopiclone or zolpidem (here "BZD") use. A double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomised trial was conducted in a primary health care outpatient clinic. Ninety-two men or women (≥55 years) with primary insomnia and chronic BZD ...
Chen Tzu-Heng - - 2013
Core etching of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) into smaller-sized clusters is a classic method for fabricating gold nanoclusters (AuNCs). The top down-based synthesis of AuNCs includes two steps: (i) reducing the Au(3+) precursor solution to generate AuNPs in the presence of protecting ligands and (ii) core etching of the formed AuNPs ...
Ozener Baris - - 2013
While consanguineous marriage has been shown to result in a small increase in risk of recessive Mendelian disorders among offspring, far less research has been conducted on the effects of inbreeding on complex traits. These effects, thought to result from increased developmental instability due to loss of heterozygosity, are expected ...
Afrasiabi Garekani Hadi - - 2013
Abstract This study evaluated ethylcellulose (EC) in two forms in preparation of sustained release theophylline microparticles using spray drying. Spray dried (SD) samples at different drug:polymer ratios were prepared using Surelease (SDaq) or organic solutions of ethylcellulose (SDor). Properties of particles (yield, particle morphology, size distribution and release profiles) were ...
Itagaki Munenori - - 2013
Abstract Objectives. Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic, relapsing and remitting intestinal inflammatory disorder. Zinc is known to be efficacious for the repair of damaged tissue and has been shown to protect against gastric ulceration. This study focused on Polaprezinc (PZ), N-(3-aminopropionyl)-L-histidinato zinc, which accelerates ulcer healing through actions such ...
Goodman Jarid - - 2013
Extensive evidence indicates that mammalian memory is organized into multiple brains systems, including a 'cognitive' memory system that depends on the hippocampus and a stimulus-response 'habit' memory system that depends on the dorsolateral striatum. Dorsal striatal-dependent habit memory may in part influence the development and expression of some human psychopathologies, ...
Horn Patrick - - 2013
Current evidence suggests that regenerative v. degenerative endothelial responses can be integrated in a clinical endothelial phenotype, reflecting the net result between damage from risk factors and endogenous repair capacity. We have previously shown that a cocoa flavanol (CF) intervention can improve endothelial function and increase the regenerative capacity of ...
Gouk Shiou-Wah - - 2013
In the present study, we investigated the effect of long-acyl chain SFA, namely palmitic acid (16 : 0) and stearic acid (18 : 0), at sn-1, 3 positions of TAG on obesity. Throughout the 15 weeks of the experimental period, C57BL/6 mice were fed diets fortified with cocoa butter, sal stearin (SAL), palm mid ...
Winter Sebastian E - - 2013
The large intestine is host to a complex ecological community composed predominantly of obligate anaerobic bacteria belonging to the classes Bacteroidia and Clostridia. This community confers benefit through its metabolic activities and host interactions. However, a microbial imbalance (dysbiosis) characterized by a decreased abundance of Clostridia and a bloom of ...
Zhu Guizhi - - 2013
Phthalocyanine (Pc) molecules are well-known flexible structural units for 1D nanotubes and 2D nanosheets. First-principles calculations combined with grand canonical Monte Carlo simulations are used to obtain the geometries, electronic structures, optical properties, and hydrogen-storage capacities of nanocages consisting of six Pc molecules with six Mg or Ca atoms. The ...
Fisher Oriana S - - 2013
Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCM) are neurovascular dysplasias that result in mulberry-shaped lesions predominantly located in brain and spinal tissues. Mutations in three genes are associated with CCM. These genes encode for the proteins KRIT1/CCM1 (krev interaction trapped 1/cerebral cavernous malformations 1), cerebral cavernous malformations 2, osmosensing scaffold for MEKK3 (CCM2/malcavernin/OSM), ...
Dyer Kerry - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: Research indicates that although 50-60% of people who have had a traumatic brain injury (TBI) experience changes in sexual functioning, sexuality issues remain largely unaddressed in rehabilitation. This study aimed to explore rehabilitation professionals' perceptions and experiences of discussing sexuality with service-users who have had a TBI. Method: ...
Kisalu Neville K - - 2013
The flagellum of Trypanosoma brucei is an essential and multifunctional organelle that drives parasite motility and is receiving increased attention as a potential drug target. In the mammalian host, parasite motility is suspected to contribute to infection and disease pathogenesis. However, it has not been possible to test this hypothesis ...
Ravi P R - - 2013
Abstract Intranasal thermosensitive gel for rasagiline mesylate (RM) was developed for effective treatment of Parkinson's disease. Intranasal gels were prepared by combination of poloxamer 407 and poloxamer 188 (1:1) with mucoadhesive polymers (carbopol 934 P and chitosan). The formulations were evaluated for sol-gel transition temperature, in-vitro drug release and in-vivo mucociliary ...
Iitsuka Tomonori - - 2013
Double CH bond activation took place efficiently upon treatment of 3-phenylthiophenes with alkynes in the presence of a rhodium catalyst and a copper salt oxidant to form the corresponding naphthothiophene derivatives. Dehydrogenative coupling with alkenes was also found to occur on the phenyl moiety rather than the thiophene ring. These ...
George Leni - - 2013
Abstract Background: Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) is increasingly being used by dermatologists to treat various skin conditions, but limited evidence exists regarding its efficacy. Objective: To evaluate safety and efficacy of MMF in the treatment of dermatological conditions. Methods: A retrospective chart review of all the dermatology patients treated with MMF ...
Vilaça Rita - - 2013
The Niemann-Pick type C is a rare metabolic disease with a severe neurodegenerative phenotype characterized by an accumulation of high amounts of lipids (cholesterol and sphingolipids) in the late endosomal/lysosomal network. It is caused by loss-of-function point mutations in either NPC1 or NPC2, which seem to mediate proper intracellular lipid ...
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