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Results 351 - 400 of 2215
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Turk-Kubo Kendra A - - 2013
Results of recent modeling efforts imply denitrification-influenced waters, such as those in the Eastern Tropical South Pacific (ETSP), may support high rates of biological nitrogen fixation (BNF), yet little is known about the N2 -fixing microbial community in this region. Our characterization of the ETSP diazotrophic community along a gradient ...
López-Saucedo J - - 2013
Summary In vitro fertilization (IVF) can be used to assess the fertilization capacity of sperm. Heterologous IVF may be useful when assessing that of wild animals as it is often difficult to obtain adequate numbers of naturally corresponding oocytes. The aim of the present study was to assess the fertilization ...
Huang Guoming - - 2013
This paper reports that iron carbide nanoparticles with high air-stability and strong saturation magnetization can serve as effective T2 contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging. Fe5C2 nanoparticles (∼20 nm in diameter) exhibit strong contrast enhancement with an r2 value of 283.2 mM(-1) S(-1), which is about twice as high as ...
Ghosh Biswa Nath - - 2013
We report the first Hg(2+) selective hydrogelation by 4'-[4-(4-aminophenyl)phenyl]-2,2':6',2''-terpyridine. The gel showed remarkable response towards specific chemical agents such as benzo-18-crown-6 ether and K(+) which enabled extensive modulation of the gel morphology.
Keir Gregory J - - 2013
In patients with severe interstitial lung disease (ILD) progressing despite conventional immunosuppression, rituximab, a B-lymphocyte depleting monoclonal antibody, may offer an effective rescue therapy. Retrospective assessment of 50 patients with severe, progressive ILD (of varying aetiologies, excluding idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF)) treated with rituximab between 2010 and 2012. Change in ...
Butt Z A - - 2013
SUMMARY We sought to estimate mortality and associated factors in HIV-hepatitis co-infected individuals in Michigan using a retrospective cohort study. For the study period of 1 January 2006 to 31 December 2009, all HIV-infected individuals were matched to hepatitis B and C cases. In the final Cox proportional hazards regression ...
Stone S F - - 2013
Hypersensitivity reactions including anaphylaxis have been reported for nearly all classes of therapeutic reagents and these reactions can occur within minutes to hours of exposure. These reactions are unpredictable, not directly related to dose or the pharmacological action of the drug and have a relatively high mortality risk. This review ...
Singh Saurabh Kumar - - 2013
Density functional studies have been performed on a set of trinuclear single-molecule magnets (SMMs) of general formula [{Mn2 (5-Br salen)2 (MeOH)2 }M(CN)6 ](NEt4 ) (M=Fe(III) (1), Ru(III) (2) and Os(III) (3); 5-Brsalen=N,N'-ethylenebis(5-bromosalicylidene)iminato anion). We have computed the orbital-dependent exchange interaction for all three complexes for the first time using DFT and ...
Horn Patrick - - 2013
Current evidence suggests that regenerative v. degenerative endothelial responses can be integrated in a clinical endothelial phenotype, reflecting the net result between damage from risk factors and endogenous repair capacity. We have previously shown that a cocoa flavanol (CF) intervention can improve endothelial function and increase the regenerative capacity of ...
Smith Jamie P - - 2013
The production and abuse of new psychoactive substances, known as "legal highs" which mimic traditional drugs of abuse is becoming a global epidemic. Traditional analytical methodologies exist which can provide confirmatory analysis but there is a requirement for an on-the-spot analytical screening tool that could be used to determine whether ...
Troch Veronique - - 2013
Powdery mildew is an important disease of cereals, affecting both grain yield and end-use quality. The causal agent of powdery mildew on cereals, Blumeria graminis, has been classified into eight formae speciales (ff.spp.), infecting crops and wild grasses. Advances in research on host specificity and resistance, and on pathogen phylogeny ...
Xu Mingze - - 2013
Reclaimable adsorbents have a critical application in the adsorption of radioactive materials. In this study, the novel bio-nanocomposites comprising fungi and titanate nanotubes are successfully synthesized by a simple and low-cost method. Morphological characterizations and composite mechanism analysis confirm that the composites are sufficiently stable to avoid dust pollution resulting ...
Homko C J - - 2013
Most gastroparetic patients are underweight probably because of frequently experienced early satiety, nausea, and vomiting. Some gastroparesis (GP) patients, however, are overweight, for reasons that are not well understood. The aim of this study was to evaluate the factors that influence bodyweight such as resting energy and exercise-related expenditure, symptoms ...
De Cola Chiara - - 2013
Two new cyclic hexapeptoids incorporating N-carboxyethylglycine and N-methoxyethylglycine residues are able to efficiently bind Gd(3+). Their thermodynamic stabilities and relaxivities have been assessed by (1)H-relaxometric investigations.
Rhodes Glenn - - 2013
The rulAB operon of Pseudomonas spp. confers fitness traits on the host and has been suggested to be a hotspot for insertion of mobile elements that carry avirulence genes. Here, for the first time, we show that rulB on plasmid pWW0 is a hotspot for the active site-specific integration of ...
Zhang Dehui - - 2013
Protein S-sulfhydration (forming -S-SH adducts from cysteine residues) is a newly defined oxidative posttranslational modification and plays an important role in H2 S-mediated signaling pathways. In this study we report the first selective, "tag-switch" method which can directly label protein S-sulfhydrated residues by forming stable thioether conjugates. Furthermore we demonstrate ...
Filippou Alexander C - - 2013
SiO in a complex: The first silanone that is stable at room temperature (3) is reported. The two-step synthesis involves carbonylation of the silylidyne complex 1 to give the chromiosilylene 2, followed by oxidation of 2 with N2 O. Silanone 3 features a polar, short SiO bond (1.526(3) Å) to ...
Chu Yanxia - - 2013
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) may function as oncogenes or tumor suppressors. Here, we identified that miR-590-5p was up-regulated in human cervical cancer. Over-expression of miR-590-5p promoted cervical cancer cell growth, cell cycle and invasion via Growth curve, Colony formation, FACS and Transwell assays in HeLa and C33A cell lines. Subsequently, CHL1 was ...
Ma Sandy - - 2013
We disclose a protocol for the palladium-catalyzed ortho-selective CH deuteration of arenes. Phenylacetic acids and benzoic acids are suitable substrates for this reaction. This reaction offers a catalytic route to ortho-deuterated phenylacetic acids and benzoic acids and demonstrates the sharp difference in reactivity of palladacycle intermediates held together by weak ...
Lloyd Gavin Rhys - - 2013
The application of semi-supervised methodology to improve the classification performance of a Raman spectroscopic probe for the diagnosis of oesophageal cancer is described. It is well known that gold standard histopathology diagnosis can be highly subjective, particularly for diseases which have several stages, such as cancer. A 'consensus' pathology decision ...
Wang Bo - - 2013
In this work, mesoporous carbon-coated LiFePO4 nanocrystals further co-modified with graphene and Mg(2+) doping (G/LFMP) were synthesized by a modified rheological phase method to improve the speed of lithium storage as well as cycling stability. The mesoporous structure of LiFePO4 nanocrystals was designed and realized by introducing the bead milling ...
Guadagnini Rina - - 2013
Abstract There are a multitude of nanoparticles (NPs) which have shown great potentials for medical applications. A few of them are already used for lung therapeutic and diagnostic purposes. However, there are few toxicological studies which determine possible adverse pulmonary responses. It is thus important to propose in vitro screening ...
Hao Yiting - - 2013
A degradable poly(ethylene glycol)-diacrylate (PEGDA) hydrogel system was developed using simple macromer formulations and visible light initiated thiol-acrylate photopolymerization. In addition to PEGDA, other components in this gelation system include eosin-Y as a photo-sensitizer, bi-functional thiol (dithiothreitol, DTT) as a dual-purpose co-initiator and cross-linker, and N-vinylpyrrolidone (NVP) as a co-monomer. ...
Jin Xiongjie - - 2013
Although enaminals (β-enaminals) are very important compounds and have been utilized as useful synthons for various important compounds, they have been synthesized through non-green and/or limited procedures until now. Herein, we have successfully developed a green synthetic procedure using a heterogeneous catalyst. In the presence of gold nanoparticles supported on ...
Deng Jie - - 2013
Studying how bacterial strains diverge over space and time and how divergence leads to ecotype formation is important for understanding structure and dynamics of environmental communities. Here we assess ecological speciation and temporal dynamics of a collection of Shewanella baltica strains from the redox transition zone of the central Baltic ...
Knierim Christian - - 2013
This paper reports on the preparation and characterization of living composites consisting of poly(vinylalcohol) (PVA) hydrogel microparticles with living bacteria and a shell of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA). The grafting of the PMMA shell is accomplished in the presence of living bacteria by surface polymerization of PMMA using atom transfer radical ...
Mosser Anna A - - 2013
Energetic balance is a central driver of individual survival and population change, yet estimating energetic costs in free and wide ranging animals presents a significant challenge. Animal-borne activity monitors (using accelerometer technology) present a promising method of meeting this challenge and opens new avenues for exploring energetics in natural settings. ...
Sun Jun - - 2013
Abstract The interleukin-23/interleukin 17A (IL-23/IL-17A) cytokine axis plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. In this study, we report the effects of topical calcipotriol, camptothecin, clobetasol and tazarotene on the treatment of imiquimod (IMQ)-induced psoriasis-like inflammation, the development of which is dependent on the IL-23/IL-17A axis. IMQ-induced epidermal ...
Zhang Xuemei - - 2013
Abstract Taraxasterol, a pentacyclic-triterpene, was isolated from the Chinese medicinal herb Taraxacum officinale. In the present study, we investigated the protective effect of taraxasterol on murine model of endotoxic shock and the mechanism of its action. Mice were treated with 2.5, 5 and 10 mg/kg of taraxasterol prior to a lethal ...
Malgieri Gaetano - - 2013
Given the similar chemical properties of zinc and cadmium, zinc finger domains have been often proposed as mediators of the toxic and carcinogenic effects exerted by this xenobiotic metal. The effects of zinc replacement by cadmium in different eukaryotic zinc fingers have been reported. In the present work, to evaluate ...
Lercher Lukas - - 2013
Transcription factor binding and high resolution crystallographic studies (1.3 Å) of Dickerson-Drew duplexes with cytosine, methylcytosine and hydroxymethylcytosine bases provide evidence that C-5 cytosine modifications could regulate transcription by context dependent effects on DNA transcription factor interactions.
Moilanen Eeva - - 2013
Inflammation is a protective response intended to eliminate pathogens and other offending agents which have potential to cause cell injury, as well as malignant and necrotic cells. However, if the inflammatory response is dysregulated or inappropriately focused, it has considerable potential to cause harm and can lead to development of ...
Grenho Liliana - - 2013
Hydroxyapatite (HA) is a biocompatible and bioactive synthetic material for biomedical applications as it binds to bone and enhances bone tissue formation. Particularly, nanophased HA can mimic the dimensions of constituent components of natural tissues; can modulate enhanced osteoblast adhesion and resorption with long-term functionality of tissue engineered implants. However, ...
Kumar Vivek - - 2013
An intriguing study shows that, in epidermal progenitor cells, circadian genes are expressed in successive waves that modulate responses to differentiation signals.
Zhou Qing - - 2013
We report on the use of reconfigurable microfluidics for on-chip regeneration of aptasensors used for continuous monitoring of cell-secreted products.
Steinhauer Simon - - 2013
The research area of perfluoroalkylsilanes is still in its infancy. Although there are already many examples of difluorotriorganylsilicates, the first example of a completely characterized trifluorotriorganylsilicate is presented, the dianion [Si(C2 F5 )3 F3 ](2-) . The strongly electron-withdrawing influence of the pentafluoroethyl groups appears to be a fundamental cause ...
Rüther Thomas - - 2013
Two N-donor-functionalised ionic liquids (ILs), 1-ethyl-1,4-dimethylpiperazinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)amide (1) and 1-(2-dimethylaminoethyl)-dimethylethylammonium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)amide (2), were synthesised and their electrochemical and transport properties measured. The data were compared with the benchmark system, N-butyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)amide (3). Marked differences in thermal and electrochemical stability were observed between the two tertiary-amine-functionalised salts and the non-functionalised benchmark. ...
Bundschu Karin - - 2013
Background: ATIPs (Angiotensin receptor type 2 (AT2) interacting proteins) are described as AT2 interacting protein variants, whereas their expression and functions during development are not known yet. Results: Here, we provide a detailed expression pattern of ATIP variants during mouse development by visualizing Mtus1 promotor activity, Mtus1 RNA, and subsequent ...
Konstantinidou Anastasia E - - 2013
Treacher Collins syndrome is the most common mandibulofacial dysostosis of autosomal dominant or, rarely, recessive inheritance. Affected fetuses may be identified by prenatal ultrasound or diagnosed at autopsy in case of perinatal death or pregnancy termination. We describe the ultrasonographic, autopsy, and molecular findings in a 25-week-gestation affected fetus, and ...
Steinhilber Dirk - - 2013
pH-Cleavable cell-laden microgels with excellent long-term viabilities were fabricated by combining bioorthogonal strain-promoted azide-alkyne cycloaddition (SPAAC) and droplet-based microfluidics. Poly(ethylene glycol)dicyclooctyne and dendritic poly(glycerol azide) served as bioinert hydrogel precursors. Azide conjugation was performed using different substituted acid-labile benzacetal linkers that allowed precise control of the microgel degradation kinetics in ...
Varade Dharmesh - - 2013
We report a novel simple one-pot strategy for fabricating pure and highly planar silver (Ag) crystal belts. Unique single-crystal Ag belts (high width-to-thickness ratio ∼50) were successfully synthesized in high yield (80 wt%) by reducing AgNO3 using N,N,N',N'-tetramethylethylenediamine (TEMED) as a reducing and a structure-determining agent in the presence of ...
Kohashi Kenichi - - 2013
Malignant rhabdoid tumor and epithelioid sarcoma are classified as tumors of uncertain differentiation. However, it is controversial whether these tumors are distinct entities because they share similar histological and immunohistochemical features such as the existence of rhabdoid cells or complete loss of SMARCB1 protein expression. MicroRNAs are small non-coding RNAs, ...
Pérot Gaëlle - - 2013
The clinical relevance of accurately diagnosing pleomorphic sarcomas has been shown, especially in cases of undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcomas with myogenic differentiation, which appear significantly more aggressive. To establish a new smooth muscle differentiation classification and to test its prognostic value, 412 sarcomas with complex genetics were examined by immunohistochemistry using ...
Cai Ren - - 2013
Porous, hollow metal carbonate microstructures show many unique properties, and are attractive for various applications. Herein, we report the first demonstration of a general strategy to synthesize hollow metal carbonate structures, including porous MnCO3 hollow cubics, porous CoCO3 hollow rhombuses and porous CaCO3 hollow capsules. For example, the porous, hollow ...
Pocoski J - - 2013
There is conflicting evidence in the literature on whether individuals with haemophilia in the USA have greater, reduced, or similar risks for cardiovascular disease as the general population. This study evaluated the prevalence of cardiovascular comorbidities among USA males with haemophilia A, relative to an unaffected general male population with ...
Pan X L - - 2013
Carbon monoxide (CO) is of great interest as a restriction factor for pollutants related to incomplete combustions. This study attempted to evaluate CO emission in East China using the analytical Bayesian inverse method and observations at Mount Hua in springtime. The mixing ratio of CO at the receptor was calculated ...
Tremolizzo L - - 2013
Objectives. The one-carbon metabolism, also known as methionine-homocysteine cycle, governs the dynamics of DNA methylation, epigenetically regulating gene expression, and has been reported altered in anorexia nervosa (AN) adult patients. The aim of this study consisted in assessing whole-blood DNA methylation in adolescent AN patients, assessing its significance in relationship ...
Gupta Mohit D - - 2013
Lithium is a commonly used drug for bipolar mood disorder. Though effective, it has a narrow therapeutic range and has potentially life-threatening effects at higher serum levels. Lithium toxicity can be precipitated by several drug interactions. Many commonly used cardiac drugs have serious drug interaction with lithium which is not ...
Singh Amarjeet - - 2013
Ca(2+) homeostasis is required to maintain a delicate balance of cytosolic Ca(2+) during normal and adverse growth conditions. Various Ca(2+) transporters actively participate to maintain this delicate balance especially during abiotic stresses and developmental events in plants. In this study, we are presenting a genome wide account, detail expression profiles, ...
d'Young A I - - 2013
Many adult patients diagnosed with phenotypically moderate and severe haemophilia living in the Auckland region of New Zealand do not report bleeding episodes within a timeframe that allows for optimal assessment and management. This can result in poor clinical outcomes for patients and poor oversight of the use of expensive ...
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