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Cronin Antonia J - - 2013
Transplantation of nonstandard or expanded criteria donor organs creates several potential ethical and legal problems in terms of consent and liability, and new challenges for research and service development; it highlights the need for a system of organ donation that responds to an evolving ethical landscape and incorporates scientific innovation ...
Hevesi Zoltan - - 2013
The United States exhibits subpar health care outcomes compared with the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development peer group. An urgent need exists to address the excessive cost and unsustainable trajectory of expenditures associated with US health care. Health care reform ideas based on the Health Maintenance Organization and Patient-Centered ...
Ozturk Burak Yagmur - - 2013
To prospectively evaluate the return-to-sports rates after arthroscopic anterior stabilization in patients aged younger than 25 years. Fifty-eight patients underwent arthroscopic capsulolabral repair for isolated anterior instability. The mean age at the time of surgery was 19.5 years (range, 12 to 24 years). At a mean follow-up of 27 months ...
Swami Vimarsha Gopal - - 2013
To determine whether 3-dimensional notch volume, measured with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), differs significantly between knees with torn and intact anterior cruciate ligaments (ACLs) after sports injury in a skeletally immature pediatric population. MRI studies of 50 pediatric patients (age range, 10 to 17 years) with ACL tears were compared ...
Triantafyllidi Eleni - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the shape of the native anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) along its length in relation to the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) and compare it with the size of the 3 commonly used autografts (bone-patellar tendon-bone [BPTB], single-bundle hamstring, and double-bundle hamstring). With the ...
Hui James H P - - 2013
Despite financial and regulatory hurdles, Asian scientists and clinicians have made important contributions in the area of cartilage repair. Because it is impossible to include observations on all the published articles in one review, our attempt is to highlight Asian progress in this area during recent years (2005 to the ...
Li Hong - - 2013
To assess the cartilage status of the knee joints using magnetic resonance imaging at least 2 years after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) in young adult men. Thirty young male patients with unilateral ACLR and 15 age-matched and body mass index-matched healthy men (controls) participated in this study. All participants ...
Wong Keng Lin - - 2013
To analyze the results of the use of intra-articular cultured autologous bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) injections in conjunction with microfracture and medial opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO). Fifty-six knees in 56 patients with unicompartmental osteoarthritic knees and genu varum were randomly allocated to the cell-recipient group (n = 28) ...
Khoshbin Amir - - 2013
The purpose of this systematic review was to synthesize the available Level I and Level II literature on platelet-rich plasma (PRP) as a therapeutic intervention in the management of symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA). A systematic review of Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PubMed, and www.clinicaltrials.gov was performed ...
Alsahli Mazen - - 2013
Hypoglycemia remains a common problem for patients with diabetes and is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. This article summarizes our current knowledge of the epidemiology, pathogenesis, risk factors, and complications of hypoglycemia in patients with diabetes and discusses prevention and treatment strategies.
Maletkovic Jelena - - 2013
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and the hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state (HHS) are potentially fatal hyperglycemic crises that occur as acute complications of uncontrolled diabetes mellitus. The authors provide a review of the current epidemiology, precipitating factors, pathogenesis, clinical presentation, evaluation, and treatment of DKA and HHS. The discovery of insulin in 1921 ...
Vlassara Helen - - 2013
This review presents insights from studies of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) in humans and mice. Although the emphasis is on the effects of exogenous AGEs and the suppression of specific host defense mechanisms, AGEs are also formed intracellularly, where they may contribute to several normal intracellular functions. It is ...
Kim Paul J - - 2013
The diabetic foot is at high risk for complications because of its role in ambulation. Peripheral neuropathy and peripheral vascular disease can lead to chronic foot ulcers, which are at high risk for infection, in part attributable to areas of high pressure caused by lack of tolerance of the soft ...
Murphy-Chutorian Blair - - 2013
Diabetes mellitus affects every organ of the body including the skin. Certain skin manifestations of diabetes are considered cutaneous markers of the disease, whereas others are nonspecific conditions that occur more frequently among individuals with diabetes compared with the general population. Diabetic patients have an increased susceptibility to some bacterial ...
Polka Jessica K - - 2013
The elaborate spatial organization of cells enhances, restricts, and regulates protein-protein interactions. However, the biological significance of this organization has been difficult to study without ways of directly perturbing it. We highlight synthetic biology tools for engineering novel cellular organization, describing how they have been, and can be, used to ...
Gong Yi - - 2013
Interleukin-13 (IL-13) has been implicated to be responsible for recruitment of inflammatory cells from the blood to the lung, regulation of matrix metalloproteinase and induction of mucin production and secretion in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We determined plasma IL-13 levels in patients with COPD and investigated its association with ...
Wen Ying - - 2013
Acute kidney injury (AKI) has been recognized as a major healthcare problem affecting millions of patients worldwide. However, epidemiologic data concerning AKI in China are still lacking. The objectives of this study were to characterize AKI defined by RIFLE criteria, assess the association with hospital mortality, and evaluate the impact ...
Xu Ding-Ting - - 2013
Symptoms, endoscopy, and pH monitoring form the basis of diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Their relationship was meaningful for primary care physicians, but still unclear. Our research aimed to compare questionnaire, endoscopy, and pH monitoring and to analyze their correlations. Three hundred patients who underwent the Reflux Disease Questionnaire ...
Gimbel Howard V - - 2013
We describe a 3-point ab externo technique to refixate and recenter a subluxated Cionni capsular tension ring (CTR)-intraocular lens (IOL)-capsular bag complex to the sclera. A 9-0 polypropylene suture on a curved needle is looped through the eyelet of the CTR and back through a Hoffman scleral tunnel. Two other ...
Gu Yan-Fei - - 2013
Aberrantly expressed microRNAs are a hallmark of cancer, and microRNA expression profiling is associated with tumor progression and response to chemotherapy, suggesting their potential application as prognostic and predictive biomarkers. The role of microRNAs in lung cancer remains elusive. It has been recently reported that epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) ...
Song Feng-Xiang - - 2013
Influenza A (H7N9) virus infections were first observed in China in March 2013. This type virus can cause severe illness and deaths, the situation raises many urgent questions and global public health concerns. Our purpose was to investigate bedside chest radiography findings for patients with novel influenza A (H7N9) virus ...
Hoffman Richard S - - 2013
The surgical management of ectopia lentis presents the ophthalmic surgeon with numerous challenges and options. From the clinical evaluation to the surgical approach, ectopia lentis patients require additional methodologies, techniques, and devices to ensure the best possible outcome. The continued refinement of surgical techniques and adjunctive prosthetic devices has led ...
Liu Hong - - 2013
Subjective assessment tools such as visual analog scales (VAS) or pain scores are commonly used to evaluate the intensity of chronic cancer-induced pain. However, their value is limited in some cases. We measured changes in VAS pain scores and salivary α-amylase (sAA) concentrations in cancer patients receiving radiotherapy for bone ...
Su Li-Ya - - 2013
Differential diagnosis of isolated calf muscle vein thrombosis (ICMVT) and gastrocnemius hematoma is essential for early identification of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). This study aimed to investigate the diagnostic value of high-frequency color Doppler ultrasound for differential diagnosis of ICMVT and gastrocnemius hematoma. A retrospective case series of 35 ICMVT ...
Wang Chao-Hong - - 2013
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a set of pathophysiological syndromes characterized by increased pulmonary artery pressure and pulmonary vascular resistance, resulting in increased right ventricular afterload. The left and right ventricles interact through hemodynamics. What impact will PH have on synchronization and function of the left ventricle (LV)? The aim of ...
Zhu Guang-Fa - - 2013
Although noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) has been successfully used for various kinds of acute respiratory failure, the data are limited regarding its application in postoperative respiratory failure after cardiac surgery. Therefore, we conducted a prospective randomized control study in a university surgical intensive care unit to evaluate the efficacy ...
Yang Jun - - 2013
Large and giant medial sphenoid wing meningiomas that are located deeply in the skull base where they are closely bounded by cavernous sinus, optic nerve, and internal carotid artery make the gross resection hard to achieve. Also, this kind of meningiomas is often accompanied by a series of severe complications. ...
Zhang Guo - - 2013
Combination paclitaxel and carboplatin is currently a first-line regimen for ovarian cancer. However, many patients develop tumor recurrence or drug resistance to this regimen. The study aims to investigate the effectiveness and safety of an oxaliplatin + epirubicin + ifosfamide regimen for the treatment of recurrent and drug-resistant epithelial ovarian ...
Liu Rong - - 2013
Fanconi anemia is a severe congenital disorder associated with mutations in a cluster of genes responsible for DNA repair. Arriving at an accurate and timely diagnosis can be difficult in cases of Fanconi anemia with atypical clinical features. It is very important to increase the rate of accurate diagnosis for ...
Li Yong-Sheng - - 2013
Although Multi-planar reconstruction (MPR) has been considered a diagnostic imaging technique that observes more perspectives for diseases, few people have applied it surgically. In fact, MPR is also very useful to clinical operation, especially for patients with type B aortic dissection. It helps the surgeon to locate accurately with more ...
Cheng Vincent Chi-Chung - - 2013
Identification of hospitalized carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE)-positive patient is important in preventing nosocomial transmission. The objective of this study was to illustrate the implementation of proactive infection control measures in preventing nosocomial transmission of CRE in a healthcare region of over 3200 beds in Hong Kong between October 1, 2010 and ...
Zeng Xiao-Li - - 2013
Sensitive and specific biomarkers for identifying early stage of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are urgently needed to improve the therapeutic outcome and reduce the mortality. Small non-coding microRNAs (miRNAs) are key components of cancer development and are considered as potential biomarkers for cancer diagnosis and for monitoring treatment. The ...
Li Xiu-Juan - - 2013
Myopia is a common disorder and the incidence has increased yearly, but its pathogenesis remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible role of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and its receptor c-Met in the development of lens-induced myopia in guinea pigs. Sixty one-week-old guinea pigs were ...
Zhang Ji-Zhuo - - 2013
Pediatric patients are susceptible to lung injury that does not respond to traditional therapies. Partial liquid ventilation (PLV) has been developed as an alternative ventilatory strategy for treating severe lung injury. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of PLV on lung function in immature piglets. Acute ...
Wu Hao - - 2013
The application of pulmonary valved conduit to reconstruct the continuity between right ventricles and pulmonary artery is one of the major surgeries. This study aimed to establish an in vivo model of in situ implantation using pulmonary valved conduit in large animals under off-pump condition to validate the long-term effects ...
Zhou Xue-Liang - - 2013
Ischemic postconditioning (IPost), able to significantly attenuate myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury, is dependent on RISK signaling. Studies have shown that Notch signaling repairs damaged myocardium, and this study aimed to investigate the effect of Notch signaling in myocardial IPost. We used H9c2 cells to establish the myocardial IPost and Hypoxia/Reoxygenation ...
Zhou Ji-Hao - - 2013
Cancer testis antigens (CTAs) are a novel group of tumor associated antigens. Demethylating agent decitabine was reported to be able to up-regulate CTAs through its hypomethylation mechanism, thus enhance the immunogenicity of leukemia cells. However, few researches have ever focused on the questions that whether this immunostimulatory effect of decitabine ...
Keats John P - - 2013
The modern patient safety movement began around 2000, when attention was drawn to error-related hospital mortality by the Institute of Medicine. Several years later the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists addressed safety issues in office practice, in recognition of the migration of increasingly complex surgical procedures to the office ...
Wang Xiao-Hua - - 2013
Chai Lai Prescription is a Chinese herbal compound which is used to sooth the liver, strengthen the spleen and harmonize the stomach for descending adverse Qi. We initiated the study to investigate its mechanism of treating in vitro rabbit reflux esophagitis models. Adult male Japanese white rabbits, weighing 1.8-2.2 kg, ...
Allen Rebecca H - - 2013
As minor gynecologic procedures move from the operating room to the office, providers need to ensure that patients are comfortable and that procedures are performed safely. Although local anesthesia is commonly used for gynecologic procedures, a multimodal approach may be more effective. If necessary, sedation can be safely provided in ...
Yonke Nicole - - 2013
New data have emerged to support changes in first-trimester abortion practice in regard to antibiotic prophylaxis, cervical ripening, the use of manual vacuum aspiration, and pain management. This article addresses these new recommendations and reviews techniques in performing manual and electric vacuum uterine aspiration procedures before 14 weeks' gestation, including very ...
Hodges Kelly R - - 2013
Hysteroscopic sterilization is growing in popularity. Nearly 500,000 women have been sterilized using this method, and an increasing number of physicians are now performing this procedure in the office setting. The office setting can provide a cost-effective, convenient, and safe environment for hysteroscopic sterilization. Patients may benefit from avoiding hospital ...
Kanda Tatsuo - - 2013
To review the updated research on direct antiviral agents (DAAs)-including regimens for hepatitis C virus (HCV), and focus on "difficult-to-treat" HCV-infected patients. The literature concerning DAAs and hepatitis C cited in this review was collected from PubMed and Google Scholar databases published in English up to July 2013. Data from ...
Woods Sarah - - 2013
Global endometrial ablation techniques are a relatively new surgical technology for the treatment of heavy menstrual bleeding that can now be used even in an outpatient clinic setting. A comparison of global ablation versus earlier ablation technologies notes no significant differences in success rates and some improvement in patient satisfaction. ...
Beasley Anitra - - 2013
Although most women desire to control the size and spacing of their family, the rate of unintended pregnancy in the United States remains high, with approximately half of all pregnancies being unintended. Reducing unintended pregnancy is a national public health goal, and the increased use of long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) ...
Pierce John G JG - - 2013
Colposcopy is the accepted diagnostic test for evaluation of an abnormal Pap test to determine the location and extent of cervical intraepithelial lesions (CIN). Loop electrocautery excision procedure (LEEP) is the preferred procedure for advanced diagnosis and treatment of CIN following colposcopy. Although LEEP is the preferred treatment of CIN, ...
Mayeaux Edward J EJ - - 2013
Several benign, premalignant, and malignant lesions may arise on the vulva, and multiple types of procedures may be used to diagnose and treat these conditions. Punch and shave biopsies may be used to diagnose most vulvar conditions, but lesions suspected of being melanomas may best be diagnosed with narrow-margin excisional ...
Gleason Jonathan L - - 2013
Female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery (FPMRS) is a rapidly expanding surgical specialty that focuses on the evaluation and treatment of pelvic floor disorders in women. Evaluation and treatment of several pelvic floor disorders can be accomplished with office-based procedures, yielding significant advantages to the patient, physician, and health system. ...
Pritzker Jordan - - 2013
Reimbursement for office-based gynecologic procedures varies with the contractual obligations that the physician has with the payers involved with the care of the particular patient. The payers may be patients without health insurance coverage (self-pay) or patients with third-party health insurance coverage, such as an employer-based commercial insurance carrier or ...
Cicero Theodore J - - 2013
The purpose of the present study was to identify the factors that influence the selection of hydrocodone and oxycodone as primary drugs of abuse in opioid-dependent subjects (n=3520) entering one of 160 drug treatment programs around the country. Anonymous, self-administered surveys and direct qualitative interviews were used to examine the ...
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