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Klarich Julie - - 2014
This article reviews occupational therapy treatment and physical therapy treatment during preprosthetic training for upper and lower extremity amputees. Review of preoperative intervention, preparing the residual limb for the prosthesis, instruction in techniques, and adaptive equipment for activities of daily living, as well as suggestions for return to vocational and ...
Risseeuw F F Department of Cardiac Surgery, Antwerp University Hospital, Wilrijkstraat 10, 2650, Edegem, Belgium, - - 2014
The aim of this systematic review is to gain insight into the published experience on percutaneous closure of a post-infarction ventricular septal rupture (VSR). Relevant literature was obtained by MeSH-term searches in the online search-engine PubMed. Articles published in the last 10 years were included. Further filtering was done by using ...
Belon Howard P - - 2014
Individuals experience multiple changes as a result of amputation. These changes not only are physical in nature but also may include psychological, financial, and comfort changes across the spectrum of an individual's life. It is important to assess the emotional responses that an individual may experience postsurgery and throughout the ...
McCarty Justin C - - 2014
Asthma has many triggers including rhinosinusitis; allergy; irritants; medications (aspirin in aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease); and obesity. Paradoxic vocal fold dysfunction mimics asthma and may be present along with asthma. This article reviews each of these triggers, outlining methods of recognizing the trigger and then its management. In many patients more ...
Younes Anas - - 2014
Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is a relatively rare but highly curable human cancer. Because very few patients relapse and will require subsequent therapy, new drug development for HL has not been seen as a high priority by the pharmaceutical industry. Brentuximab vedotin, an antibody-drug conjugate that targets CD30 receptors, became the ...
Hay Annette E - - 2014
Because long-term survival of patients with nonbulky stage IA to IIA Hodgkin lymphoma is dependent on disease control and avoidance of late toxic effects associated with the treatment received, the initial choice of treatment can be associated with trade-offs that balance optimum disease control with avoidance of these late effect ...
Pirolo Joseph M - - 2014
Ulnar-sided wrist pain is a common cause of upper-extremity disability, which has long been thought of as a diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma because of the overlapping anatomy and complex differential diagnosis. Common sources of ulnar-sided pain include pathology of the triangular fibrocartilage complex, ulnocarpal impaction syndrome, lunotriquetral ligament tears, and ...
Patarroyo-Aponte Maria - - 2014
Heart failure is one of the most prevalent cardiovascular diseases in the United States, and is associated with significant morbidity, mortality, and costs. Prompt diagnosis may help decrease mortality, hospital stay, and costs related to treatment. A complete heart failure evaluation comprises a comprehensive history and physical examination, echocardiogram, and ...
McVige Jennifer W - - 2014
Chiari malformations are anatomic anomalies that comprise a broad spectrum of neurologic conditions. The most common malformation, a Chiari type I malformation, can present with a variety of signs and symptoms, most frequently an occipital Valsalva-induced headache. Cranial and spinal magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is used to identify the degree ...
Pinto Andres - - 2014
This article provides an overview of the published literature in English in the past 63 years involving the management of xerostomia and other oral complications of Sjögren's syndrome. The evidence supporting studied interventions was evaluated using published criteria.
Schnur David - - 2014
The best level of amputation must take into consideration the newest socket designs, methods of prosthetic suspension, and technologically advanced components. In some instances stump revision should be considered, to provide a better prosthetic fitting and function. Targeted reinnervation is a new neural-machine interface that has been developed to help ...
Ansell Stephen M - - 2014
The goal of therapy for patients with advanced-stage Hodgkin lymphoma is to ensure that as many patients as possible are healthy and free of disease decades after completing treatment. To achieve this, the treating physician needs to select the most effective therapeutic regimen, but also needs to choose a treatment ...
Passero Thomas - - 2014
Limb deficiency has a significant impact on the involved person, with upper limb absence presenting a materially different set of issues than lower limb absence. The primary objectives in fitting a patient with a prosthesis are to enhance their independence in performing daily activities, and to improve their quality of ...
Slutsky David J - - 2014
Scaphoid fractures can be treated with minimal soft tissue dissection using percutaneous methods. Arthroscopy is a helpful tool when using these percutaneous scaphoid screw insertion techniques. Arthroscopy aids in optimal guidewire positioning, it is invaluable in assessing the quality of fracture reduction, and it allows one to evaluate the vascularity ...
Feitell Scott - - 2014
Heart failure is a costly and difficult disease to treat. However, new metrics make it an imperative to keep these patients out of the hospital. Implementing and maintaining patients on successful treatment plans is difficult. A multitude of factors make transitioning care to the outpatient setting difficult. A careful and ...
Vespa Paul M - - 2014
Critically ill neurologic patients are common in the hospital practice of neurology and are often in extreme states requiring accurate and specific information. Imaging, especially using advanced imaging techniques, can provide an important means of garnering this information. This article focuses on the clinical utilization of selective imaging methods that ...
Georgopoulos Rachel - - 2014
Consideration of the unified airway model when managing patients with rhinitis and or asthma allows a more comprehensive care plan and therefore improved patient outcomes. Asthma is linked to rhinitis both epidemiologically and biologically, and this association is even stronger in individuals with atopy. Rhinitis is not only associated with ...
Kistenberg Robert S - - 2014
New technology and materials have advanced prosthetic designs to enable people who rely on artificial limbs to achieve feats never dreamed before. However, the latest and the greatest technology is not appropriate for everyone. The aim of this article is to present contemporary options that are available for people who ...
Esquenazi Alberto - - 2014
Gait analysis combined with sound clinical judgment plays an important role in elucidating the factors involved in the pathologic prosthetic gait and the selection and effects of available interventions to optimize it. Detailed clinical evaluation of walking contributes to the analysis of the prosthetic gait, but evaluation in the gait ...
Sayer Gabriel - - 2014
The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) plays a critical role in the pathophysiology of heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). Targeting components of the RAAS has produced significant improvements in morbidity and mortality. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors remain first-line therapy for all patients with a reduced ejection fraction. Angiotensin-receptor blockers may ...
Wu Jason J - - 2014
Primary Sjögren's syndrome can have multiple extra-glandular manifestations ranging from mild to severe. Treatment for extra-glandular manifestations is organ specific and therapies are targeted based on the primary organs involved. Preferred treatment options used for extra-glandular manifestations of Sjögren's syndrome are usually extrapolated from the physician's experience in treating similar ...
Boise Elizabeth - - 2014
In this article asthma assessment and patient education protocol for the Oto-Allergy Clinic at Wexner Medical Center at The Ohio State University Department of Otolaryngology, Division of Sinus and Allergy, are shared.
Nijenhuis V J VJ Department of Cardiology, St. Antonius Hospital, Koekoekslaan 1, 3435, Nieuwegein, the Netherlands, - - 2014
To assess current antithrombotic treatment strategies in the Netherlands in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). For every Dutch hospital performing TAVI (n = 14) an interventional cardiologist experienced in performing TAVI was interviewed concerning heparin, aspirin, thienopyridine and oral anticoagulation treatment in patients undergoing TAVI. The response rate was 100 %. ...
Fritz Joseph V - - 2014
Imaging equipment is experiencing advances in speed, sensitivity, safety, and workflow. There is an increasing trend toward physiologic imaging and quantitation, requiring greater consistency across manufacturers and clinics. The Human Connectome Project is symbolic of the drive toward combining multimodality anatomic and functional imaging with quantitation and sophisticated atlases. Advanced ...
Delli Konstantina - - 2014
Salivary gland biopsy is a technique broadly applied for the diagnosis of Sjögren's syndrome (SS), lymphoma accompanying SS, sarcoidosis, amyloidosis, and other connective tissue disorders. SS has characteristic microscopic findings involving lymphocytic infiltration surrounding the excretory ducts in combination with destruction of acinar tissue. This article focuses on the main ...
Varma Priya - - 2014
In 2005, 1.6 million people were estimated to be living with limb loss; by 2050, the rate is expected to double to 3.6 million in the United States. Past data have shown that the rates of dysvascular amputations were increasing. However, recent studies looking at single diseases of peripheral arterial ...
Messori Luigi L Department of Chemistry "Ugo Schiff", Via della Lastruccia 3, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino (FI), - - 2014
The reaction of Auoxo6, a dinuclear gold(III) complex, with the model protein bovine pancreatic ribonuclease is explored here by X-ray diffraction and ESI mass spectrometry. Data provide clues on the processes of adduct formation and of enzyme inhibition and, inductively, on the likely mode of action of this metallodrug.
Rose-Jones Lisa J - - 2014
Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a complex clinical syndrome based on traditional heart failure symptoms with documentation of increased left ventricular filling pressures and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction. The exact mechanisms that induce HFpEF are not known. End-diastolic ventricular stiffness does not seem to be acting ...
Parker Michael J - - 2014
The ability to accurately obtain and interpret spirometry is essential for physicians caring for patients with asthma and inflammatory disease of the airway. This article reviews the basic equipment, setting, and personnel needed to obtain quality spirometric data. The fundamental measurements obtained in routine office spirometry and recommendations that are ...
Bandow Cornelia C ECT Oekotoxikologie, Flörsheim, Germany; Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre BiK-F, Frankfurt/Main, Germany; Department of Aquatic Ecotoxicology, Goethe University Frankfurt, Frankfurt/Main, - - 2014
The authors investigated whether and how 2 environmental factors could influence the toxicity of a pyrethroid to 2 representatives of an important group of soil organisms. The impacts of different temperatures (20 °C and 26 °C) and soil moisture levels (30%, 50%, and 70% of water holding capacity) were investigated ...
De Kok Ingeborg J - - 2014
The pivotal point in treatment planning for dental implants occurs when the location of bone is viewed radiographically in the context of the planned prosthesis. Radiographic planning for dental implant therapy should be used only after a review of the patient's systemic health, imaging history, oral health, and local oral ...
Partida Mary Norma - - 2014
The geriatric population (age 65 and older) is the fastest growing segment nationally and globally. The large population will continue to increase because of baby boomers that have recently turned 65 years old. Within this cohort, there is much diversity in health, socioeconomic levels, education, and health beliefs. There is a ...
Baba Nadim Z - - 2014
The clinical success and longevity of indirect restorations depend on the careful and accurate completion of several procedures. One of the challenging procedures is management of the gingival tissues and gingival esthetics. The goal for management of gingival tissues and gingival esthetics is to maintain the normal appearance of healthy ...
Yanase Roy T RT American Board of Prosthodontics, Advanced Prosthodontic Education, Ostrow School of Dentistry at USC, Los Angeles, CA, USA; Continuing Dental Education, Ostrow School of Dentistry at USC, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2014
The development of an oral care path focuses on the identification of the early indicators of disease. Once the risks have been identified and diagnosed, the proper therapies can be selected and prescribed. The experienced practitioner must meld clinical experience and observation with evidence-based scientific dentistry and information on the ...
Zandparsa Roya - - 2014
Navigation technology is applied successfully in oral and maxillofacial surgery. Laser beams are used for caries removal. With nanodentistry, it is possible to maintain comprehensive oral health care. Nanorobots induce oral analgesia, desensitize teeth, and manipulate the tissue. They can also be used for preventive, restorative, and curative procedures. Strategies ...
Thalji Ghadeer - - 2014
Implant-supported dental restorations can be screw-retained, cement-retained, or a combination of both, whereby a metal superstructure is screwed to the implants and crowns are individually cemented to the metal frame. Each treatment modality has advantages and disadvantages. The use of computer-aided design/computer-assisted manufacture technologies for the manufacture of implant superstructures ...
Wiens Jonathan P - - 2014
Occlusion is the foundation for clinical success in fixed, removable, and implant prosthodontic treatment. Understanding those principles is critical when restoring a patient's occlusion. Many philosophies, devices, and theories of occlusion have evolved based on anecdotal clinical observations and applied geometric perceptions. The literature has reported these classic and contemporary ...
Zandparsa Roya - - 2014
Bioceramics have been adopted in dental restorations for implants, bridges, inlays, onlays, and all-ceramic crowns. Dental bioceramics include glass ceramics, reinforced porcelains, zirconias, aluminas, fiber-reinforced ceramic composites, and multilayered ceramic structures. The process of additive manufacturing is ideally suited to dentistry. Models are designed using data from a computed tomography ...
Schaumberg Debra A DA Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts2The Schepens Eye Research Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
The CX3CR1 gene is implicated as a candidate gene for age-related macular degeneration (AMD) through several lines of evidence. There is uncertainty, however, as to whether common genetic variants in CX3CR1 alter risk of AMD, since prior studies have been inconsistent and mostly limited to evaluation of 2 nonsynonymous variants, ...
Abu-Zaid Ahmed A College of Medicine, Alfaisal University, PO Box 50927, Riyadh, 11533, Saudi Arabia, - - 2014
There is a rapidly increasing movement towards integrating scientific research training into undergraduate medical education. The aim of this study was to explore the perceived attitudes of female second-year undergraduate medical students towards research at the College of Medicine, Alfaisal University, Saudi Arabia, as well as to explore if any ...
Barewal Reva Malhotra - - 2014
Dentists are becoming increasingly aware of the importance of the detection and management of obstructive sleep apnea. The anatomic and neuromuscular risk factors in the pathogenesis of obstructive sleep apnea are reviewed with particular emphasis on oral findings. Mandibular repositioning appliances hold an important role in the treatment of this ...
Lang Lisa A - - 2014
A critically appraised topic (CAT) review is presented about the use of computer-aided design (CAD)/computer-aided machining (CAM) removable partial denture (RPD) frameworks. A systematic search of the literature supporting CAD/CAM RPD systems revealed no randomized clinical trials, hence the CAT review was performed. A PubMed search yielded 9 articles meeting ...
Olvera Norma - - 2014
Specific alternatives to traditional complete denture therapy have been controversial because of the uncertainties surrounding effectiveness of retention. This article addresses the importance of retention, border molding, diagnosis, and treatment planning, and the meticulous attention to detail required throughout the treatment course of these alternative modalities. Indications, advantages, and limitations ...
Fridén Jan J Department of Hand Surgery, Institute of Clinical Sciences, The Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, 413 45 Göteborg, Sweden. - - 2014
This study reviews the usefulness of surgical improvement of arm and hand function in patients with non-traumatic spinal cord injury who differ significantly from individuals with post-traumatic tetraplegia with respect to age, injury pattern, gender and socio-economic factors. Case series. Tests were conducted preoperatively and 12 months postoperatively. The results ...
Bidra Avinash S - - 2014
Evidence-based dentistry is rapidly emerging to become an integral part of patient care, dental education, and research. Prosthodontics is a unique dental specialty that encompasses art, philosophy, and science and includes reversible and irreversible treatments. It not only affords good applicability of many principles of evidence-based dentistry but also poses ...
Bryington Matthew - - 2014
Dental implants are an indispensible tool for the restoration of missing teeth. Their use has elevated the practice of dentistry by improving both our technical ability to rehabilitate patients and general quality of life. To routinely achieve the associated high expectations, diligent attention to details must be observed and addressed ...
Bohnenkamp David M - - 2014
This article provides a review of the traditional clinical concepts for the design and fabrication of removable partial dentures (RPDs). Although classic theories and rules for RPD designs have been presented and should be followed, excellent clinical care for partially edentulous patients may also be achieved with computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing ...
Tanck Esther E Orthopaedic Research Laboratory, Radboud university medical center, PO Box 9101, 6500 HB, Nijmegen, the Netherlands, - - 2014
Many students in Biomedical Sciences have difficulty understanding biomechanics. In a second-year course, biomechanics is taught in the first week and examined at the end of the fourth week. Knowledge is retained longer if the subject material is repeated. However, how does one encourage students to repeat the subject matter? ...
Mueller-Spitz S R SR Department of Biology and Microbiology, University of Wisconsin Oshkosh, Oshkosh, WI, - - 2014
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) are a common environmental contaminant originating from both anthropogenic and natural sources. Mycobacterium species are highly adapted to utilizing a variety of PAH. Silver nanoparticles (AgNP) are an emerging contaminant that possess bactericidal properties, interferes with the bacterial membrane and alters function. Mycobacterium sp. strain RJGII-135 ...
Hoyos-Mallecot Y Y Department of Microbiology, University Hospital Virgen de las Nieves, Granada, Spain; Clinical Medicine and Public Health, Postgraduate programme, University of Granada, Granada, - - 2014
We have evaluated a matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) method for the identification of carbapenemases and for distinguishing metallo-β-lactamases (MBLs). A total of 49 noncarbapenemase-producing and 14 carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical strains, previously characterized by PCR, were included in the study. With MALDI-TOF ...
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