Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 2229
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Kwak Hee-Won - - 2013
Abstract Objective. Radiation-induced hemorrhagic gastroduodenal vascular ectasia (GDVE) is rare but difficult to manage. Argon plasma coagulation (APC) has not yet been evaluated in the treatment of radiation-induced hemorrhagic GDVE. The efficacy of APC in patients with radiation-induced hemorrhagic GDVE has been investigated in this article. Material and methods. Eighteen ...
d'Young A I - - 2013
Many adult patients diagnosed with phenotypically moderate and severe haemophilia living in the Auckland region of New Zealand do not report bleeding episodes within a timeframe that allows for optimal assessment and management. This can result in poor clinical outcomes for patients and poor oversight of the use of expensive ...
Alvarez de Eulate-Beramendi Sayoa - - 2013
Object Diffuse WHO Grade II glioma (diffuse low-grade glioma [DLGG]) is an infiltrative brain tumor that usually migrates along the white matter fibers. The delayed CSF dissemination of supratentorial DLGGs is an exceptional complication and is rarely described in adults. Here, the authors report outcomes in a surgical series of ...
Guadagnini Rina - - 2013
Abstract There are a multitude of nanoparticles (NPs) which have shown great potentials for medical applications. A few of them are already used for lung therapeutic and diagnostic purposes. However, there are few toxicological studies which determine possible adverse pulmonary responses. It is thus important to propose in vitro screening ...
Zhang Xuemei - - 2013
Abstract Taraxasterol, a pentacyclic-triterpene, was isolated from the Chinese medicinal herb Taraxacum officinale. In the present study, we investigated the protective effect of taraxasterol on murine model of endotoxic shock and the mechanism of its action. Mice were treated with 2.5, 5 and 10 mg/kg of taraxasterol prior to a lethal ...
Kumar Vivek - - 2013
An intriguing study shows that, in epidermal progenitor cells, circadian genes are expressed in successive waves that modulate responses to differentiation signals.
Deris J Barrett JB Department of Physics, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0374, - - 2013
To predict the emergence of antibiotic resistance, quantitative relations must be established between the fitness of drug-resistant organisms and the molecular mechanisms conferring resistance. These relations are often unknown and may depend on the state of bacterial growth. To bridge this gap, we have investigated Escherichia coli strains expressing resistance ...
Onal Ibrahim Koral - - 2013
Abstract There are several causes for folate deficiency in Crohn's disease: malnutrition, malabsorption, excess folate utilization and medications. A combination of these factors may be responsible for the deficiency of this vitamin in some cases.
Yu Allen C S - - 2013
A novel bacterial growth monitoring method using a tunable resistive pulse sensor (TRPS) system is introduced in this study for accurate and sensitive measurement of cell size and cell concentration simultaneously. Two model bacterial strains, Bacillus subtilis str.168 (BSU168) and Escherichia coli str.DH5α (DH5α), were chosen for benchmarking the growth-monitoring ...
Vahi Paul-Sander - - 2013
Background and purpose Failed closed treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is often followed by surgery. We investigated whether preoperative steroid injections could have a negative effect on the long-term outcome of the operation. Patients and methods 174 hands (164 patients) were operated on by a single surgeon at Tartu ...
Pinheiro Vanessa Alves - - 2013
Abstract With the aim of reducing system absorption and consequently, the side effects, and simultaneously select a penetration enhancing, three topical formulations with 0.5% ciclopirox olamine (CO) and 15% of propylene glycol (PG), ethoxydiglycol or oleic acid were developed and evaluated regarding the skin penetration and cutaneous retention of the ...
Suhm Martin A - - 2013
"…︁ Which is the most stable molecular structure of the sum formula C6 H12 O6 ? Nobody really knows yet, but for sure it is not glucose …︁ The winners-and there is just one for every reasonable sum formula-might be termed 'Guinness molecules' …︁" Read more in the Editorial by ...
Stone Daniel - - 2013
Kinetics of CH2OO Criegee intermediate reactions with SO2, NO2, NO, H2O and CH3CHO and CH2I radical reactions with NO2 are reported as a function of pressure at 295 K. Measurements were made under pseudo-first-order conditions using flash photolysis of CH2I2-O2-N2 gas mixtures in the presence of excess co-reagent combined with ...
Malgieri Gaetano - - 2013
Given the similar chemical properties of zinc and cadmium, zinc finger domains have been often proposed as mediators of the toxic and carcinogenic effects exerted by this xenobiotic metal. The effects of zinc replacement by cadmium in different eukaryotic zinc fingers have been reported. In the present work, to evaluate ...
Kong Leopold L Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, - - 2013
Hepatitis C virus (HCV), a Hepacivirus, is a major cause of viral hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. HCV envelope glycoproteins E1 and E2 mediate fusion and entry into host cells and are the primary targets of the humoral immune response. The crystal structure of the E2 core bound to ...
Wang Ke - - 2013
Impairment of the ubiquitin proteasome pathway is believed to play an important role in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). This process is carried out under tight regulation by deubiquitinating enzymes. Genetic linkage studies indicated that the region of the human ubiquitin-specific protease 24 (USP24) gene is significantly correlated with ...
Filippou Alexander C - - 2013
SiO in a complex: The first silanone that is stable at room temperature (3) is reported. The two-step synthesis involves carbonylation of the silylidyne complex 1 to give the chromiosilylene 2, followed by oxidation of 2 with N2 O. Silanone 3 features a polar, short SiO bond (1.526(3) Å) to ...
Kohashi Kenichi - - 2013
Malignant rhabdoid tumor and epithelioid sarcoma are classified as tumors of uncertain differentiation. However, it is controversial whether these tumors are distinct entities because they share similar histological and immunohistochemical features such as the existence of rhabdoid cells or complete loss of SMARCB1 protein expression. MicroRNAs are small non-coding RNAs, ...
Sun M H MH Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, - - 2014
The promising biocontrol isolate Clonostachys rosea 67-1 was investigated to clarify the effects of culture conditions on chlamydospore production in submerged fermentation. Culture conditions significantly affected both performance and types of C. rosea sporulation. C. rosea 67-1 was hard to generate chlamydospores under conventional conditions. However, the proportion of resistant ...
Garrier Julie - - 2013
Abstract Background: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a minimally invasive treatment modality for selective destruction of tumours. Critical anatomical structures, like blood vessels in close proximity to the tumour, could be harmed during PDT. Purpose: This study aims to discriminate the photoinduced response of normal and cancerous tissues to photodamage induced ...
Komnatnyy Vitaly V - - 2013
Medical devices employed in healthcare practice are often susceptible to microbial contamination. Pathogenic bacteria may attach themselves to device surfaces of catheters or implants by formation of chemically complex biofilms, which may be the direct cause of device failure. Extracellular bacterial lipases are particularly abundant at sites of infection. Herein ...
Souri M - - 2013
Factor XIII (FXIII) consists of the A and B subunits (FXIII-A and FXIII-B) and stabilizes fibrin clots. Defects in either the FXIII-A or FXIII-B gene lead to congenital FXIII deficiency, which manifests a life-long haemorrhagic tendency. Thus, prophylactic FXIII replacement therapy is recommended. To establish a management plan for a ...
Chu Yanxia - - 2013
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) may function as oncogenes or tumor suppressors. Here, we identified that miR-590-5p was up-regulated in human cervical cancer. Over-expression of miR-590-5p promoted cervical cancer cell growth, cell cycle and invasion via Growth curve, Colony formation, FACS and Transwell assays in HeLa and C33A cell lines. Subsequently, CHL1 was ...
Cull Elizabeth H - - 2013
ABSTRACT Central diabetes insipidus (DI) is a rare finding in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), usually occurring in patients with chromosome 3 or 7 abnormalities. We describe 4 patients with AML and concurrent DI and a fifth patient with AML and panhypopituitarism. Four of 5 patients had monosomy 7. ...
Wrixon Justin D - - 2013
Oxidative addition of the electron-rich tetra-methoxy-dibenzo-1,2,5,6-tetrathiocine [(MeO)2C6H2S2]2 to zero-valent group 10 transition metal complexes in the presence of diphenylphosphinoethane (dppe) affords the corresponding dithiolate complexes, [(DMOBD)M(dppe)] (DMOBD = dimethoxybenzenedithiolato, (MeO)2C6H2S2(2-); M = Ni, Pd, Pt) in high yield which were characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction. Whereas the Pd and ...
De Cola Chiara - - 2013
Two new cyclic hexapeptoids incorporating N-carboxyethylglycine and N-methoxyethylglycine residues are able to efficiently bind Gd(3+). Their thermodynamic stabilities and relaxivities have been assessed by (1)H-relaxometric investigations.
Tambara Koujiro - - 2013
The mechanism and thermodynamic functions of the self-assembly of a family of covalently linked oligomeric naphthalenediimides (NDIs) were investigated through variable-temperature NMR and CD studies. The NDIs were shown to self-assemble into helical supramolecular nanotubes via an isodesmic polymerisation mechanism, and regardless of the oligomer length a surprising entropy-enthalpy compensation ...
Moilanen Eeva - - 2013
Inflammation is a protective response intended to eliminate pathogens and other offending agents which have potential to cause cell injury, as well as malignant and necrotic cells. However, if the inflammatory response is dysregulated or inappropriately focused, it has considerable potential to cause harm and can lead to development of ...
Friedfeld Max R - - 2013
Asymmetric hydrogenation of alkenes is one of the most widely used methods for the preparation of single enantiomer compounds, especially in the pharmaceutical and agrochemical industries. For more than four decades, precious metal complexes containing rhodium, iridium, and ruthenium have been predominantly used as catalysts. Here, we report rapid evaluation ...
Dhingra Sadhna - - 2013
SLE-associated tubulointerstitial injury (SLE TIN) is increasingly recognized in two forms, i.e. secondary and primary. The secondary form coexists with lupus glomerulonephritis, whereas the primary form develops against the background of no or mild glomerular or vascular involvement. Secondary SLE TIN is frequent, but its frequency and severity correlate with ...
Müller Philipp - - 2013
We present an electrically tunable 1 × 5 optofluidic router for on-chip light routing. The device can redirect light from an optical input channel into five output channels by exploiting total internal reflection (TIR) at a liquid-liquid interface. The liquid-liquid mirrors, demonstrated for the first time, are tuned using integrated ...
Ushakov Dmitry B - - 2013
Primary and secondary amines can be rapidly and quantitatively oxidized to the corresponding imines by singlet oxygen. This reactive form of oxygen was produced using a variable-temperature continuous-flow LED-photoreactor with a catalytic amount of tetraphenylporphyrin as the sensitizer. α-Aminonitriles were obtained in good to excellent yields when trimethylsilyl cyanide served ...
Kantor Ellen - - 2013
Object Haptoglobin allele heterogeneity has been implicated in differential reactive oxidant inhibition and inflammation. Haptoglobin α2-α2 has a lower affinity for binding hemoglobin, and when bound to hemoglobin, is cleared less easily by the body. The authors hypothesized that haptoglobin α2-α2 genotype should be less protective for downstream injury after ...
Lalubin Fabrice - - 2013
In disease ecology, there is growing evidence that environmental quality interacts with parasite and host to determine host susceptibility to an infection. Most studies of malaria parasites have focused on the infection costs incurred by the hosts and few have investigated the costs on mosquito vectors. The interplay between the ...
Cumming John G - - 2013
The 'quality' of small-molecule drug candidates, encompassing aspects including their potency, selectivity and ADMET (absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion and toxicity) characteristics, is a key factor influencing the chances of success in clinical trials. Importantly, such characteristics are under the control of chemists during the identification and optimization of lead compounds. ...
Jagadeesh Rajenahally V - - 2013
Production of anilines-key intermediates for the fine chemical, agrochemical, and pharmaceutical industries-relies on precious metal catalysts that selectively hydrogenate aryl nitro groups in the presence of other easily reducible functionalities. Herein, we report convenient and stable iron oxide (Fe2O3)-based catalysts as a more earth-abundant alternative for this transformation. Pyrolysis of ...
Cappello Francesco - - 2013
Introduction: Hsp60 (Cpn60) assembles into a tetradecamer that interacts with the co-chaperonin Hsp10 (Cpn10) to assist client polypeptides to fold, but it also has other roles, including participation in pathogenic mechanisms. Area covered: Hsp60 chaperonopathies are pathological conditions, inherited or acquired, in which the chaperone plays a determinant etiologic-pathogenic role. ...
Gang Yin - - 2013
Nerve transfer is a valid surgical procedure for restoring lower-extremity function after lumbosacral plexus nerve root avulsion. We determined the anatomical feasibility of transferring the obturator and genitofemoral nerves for this purpose. The obturator, genitofemoral and femoral nerves, and the S1 and S2 nerve roots on both sides were exposed ...
Oliveri Ivan Pietro - - 2013
This paper reports the synthesis and a detailed investigation in solution, through (1)H NMR, optical absorption, fluorescence spectroscopy and second-order nonlinear optical studies, on the structure and photophysical properties of a series of unsymmetrical alkoxy-derivatized Schiff-base Zn(II) species bearing on one side an alkyl ammonium bromide as a Lewis base. ...
Turk-Kubo Kendra A - - 2013
Results of recent modeling efforts imply denitrification-influenced waters, such as those in the Eastern Tropical South Pacific (ETSP), may support high rates of biological nitrogen fixation (BNF), yet little is known about the N2 -fixing microbial community in this region. Our characterization of the ETSP diazotrophic community along a gradient ...
Butt Z A - - 2013
SUMMARY We sought to estimate mortality and associated factors in HIV-hepatitis co-infected individuals in Michigan using a retrospective cohort study. For the study period of 1 January 2006 to 31 December 2009, all HIV-infected individuals were matched to hepatitis B and C cases. In the final Cox proportional hazards regression ...
Michielse C B - - 2013
Nitrogen metabolite repression (NMR) in filamentous fungi is controlled by the GATA transcription factors AreA and AreB. While AreA mainly acts as a positive regulator of NMR-sensitive genes, the role of AreB is not well understood. We report the characterization of AreB and its interplay with AreA in the gibberellin-producing ...
Gu Ning Yan - - 2013
Background and purpose An internet-based discrete choice experiment (DCE) was conducted to elicit preferences for a wide range of Dupuytren's contracture (DC)-related health states. An algorithm was subsequently developed to convert these preferences into health state utilities that can be used to assess DC's impact on quality of life and ...
Levett Jeffrey - - 2013
Levett J . From cradle of European civilization to grave austerity: does Greece face a creeping health disaster? Prehosp Disaster Med. 2013;28(6):1-2 .
Hervé Vincent - - 2013
Wood recycling is key to forest biogeochemical cycles, largely driven by microorganisms such as white-rot fungi which naturally coexist with bacteria in the environment. We have tested whether and to what extent the diversity of the bacterial community associated with wood decay is determined by wood and/or by white-rot fungus ...
Cao Nan - - 2013
Well-dispersed core-shell Ru@M (M=Co, Ni, Fe) nanoparticles (NPs) supported on carbon black have been synthesized via a facile in situ one-step procedure under ambient condition. Core-shell Ru@Co NPs were synthesized and characterized for the first time. The as-synthesized Ru@Co and Ru@Ni NPs exhibit superior catalytic activity in the hydrolysis of ...
Smith Jamie P - - 2013
The production and abuse of new psychoactive substances, known as "legal highs" which mimic traditional drugs of abuse is becoming a global epidemic. Traditional analytical methodologies exist which can provide confirmatory analysis but there is a requirement for an on-the-spot analytical screening tool that could be used to determine whether ...
Singh Amarjeet - - 2013
Ca(2+) homeostasis is required to maintain a delicate balance of cytosolic Ca(2+) during normal and adverse growth conditions. Various Ca(2+) transporters actively participate to maintain this delicate balance especially during abiotic stresses and developmental events in plants. In this study, we are presenting a genome wide account, detail expression profiles, ...
Yeung C-Y CY Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Institute of Biotechnology and Department of Chemical Engineering, National Taipei University of Technology, Taipei, Taiwan; Department on Nursing, Mackay College of Medicine, Nursing and Management, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Medicine, Mackay Medical College, New Taipei City, - - 2014
A rapid identification of Salmonella, one of the most common foodborne pathogens worldwide, in clinical patients can enable better rational managements and prevent further outbreaks. The traditional immunochromatography using antibody-gold nanoparticles (Ab-AuNPs), such as the home pregnancy test, has been used for the Salmonella detection. In this study, we developed ...
Majdi Nabil - - 2013
Predator effects on ecosystems can extend far beyond their prey and are often not solely lethally transmitted. Change in prey traits in response to predation risk can have important repercussions on community assembly and key ecosystem processes (i.e., trait-mediated indirect effects). In addition, some predators may themselves alter habitat structure ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >