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Results 401 - 450 of 3145
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Hu Nian-Ze - - 2013
Many medical centers in Taiwan have started to provide Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) services for hospitalized patients. Due to the complexity of TCM modality and the increasing need for providing TCM services for patients in different wards at distantly separate locations within the hospital, it is getting difficult to manage ...
Theurer Michael - - 2013
We demonstrate a photonic-integrated circuit for continuous-wave (cw) terahertz (THz) generation. By comprising two lasers and an optical phase modulator on a single chip, the full control of the THz signal is enabled via a unique bidirectional operation technique. Integrated heaters allow for continuous tuning of the THz frequency over ...
Khan M Z M - - 2013
We report on the quantitative evidence of simultaneous amplified spontaneous emission from the AlGaInAs/InAs/InP-based quantum-well (Qwell) and quantum-dashes (Qdash) in a multistack dash-in-an-asymmetric-well superluminescent diode heterostructure. As a result, an emission bandwidth (full width at half-maximum) of >700  nm is achieved, covering entire O-E-S-C-L-U communication bands, and a maximum continuous wave ...
Longhi Stefano - - 2013
Zak phase, that is, the Berry phase acquired during an adiabatic motion of a Bloch particle across the Brillouin zone, provides a measure of the topological invariant of Bloch bands in one-dimensional crystalline potentials. Here a photonic structure, based on engineered lattices of evanescently coupled optical waveguides, is proposed to ...
Macleod Neil A - - 2013
Using a quantum cascade laser emitting at 7.85 μm, a middle infrared active coherent laser spectrometer has been developed for the standoff detection of vapor phase chemicals. The first prototype has been tested using diffuse target backscattering at ranges up to ∼30  m. Exploiting the continuous frequency tuning of the laser source, ...
Kipling S L - - 2013
Laparoscopic approaches for the resection of low rectal cancer and the extralevator technique for abdominoperineal excision are both becoming increasingly popular. There are little published data regarding the combined application of these techniques to the resection of low rectal tumours. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility ...
Wadsworth Shelley Macdermid - - 2013
Taking our nation to war has exposed a generation of military families and children to combat and its consequences. Every dollar spent on bullets, trucks, fuel, and food carried a future 'tax' in the form of consequences for psychological and physical health and family relationships. In this commentary, I focus ...
Rehman S - - 2013
Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP) is performed increasingly for pancreatic pathology in the body and tail of the pancreas. However, only few reports have compared its oncological efficacy with open distal pancreatectomy (ODP). We compared these two techniques in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. From a prospectively maintained database, all patients ...
Hsu Po-Kuei - - 2013
The impact of minimally invasive esophagectomy on patient prognosis, particularly disease-free survival (DFS), has not been well addressed. We compared the clinical outcomes of open and thoracoscopic esophagectomy in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Sixty-three and 66 patients, nonrandomized, underwent open and thoracoscopic esophagectomies for ESCC between 2008 ...
Ferrada Paula - - 2013
Endovascular technology during the past decade has introduced innovative strategies to manage vascular trauma. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the current use catheter-based endovascular damage-control techniques (CDET) in North, Central, and South America. A survey was sent to the presidents of local societies in Latin America, members ...
Perry K L - - 2013
Arthroscopy is the gold standard for articular surface examination and is commonly advocated for diagnosing and treating cases of canine elbow dysplasia. Arthroscopy is generally regarded as a low-risk procedure, however there is a paucity of information in the small animal veterinary literature regarding the associated complication rates. In a ...
Wharry Laura I - - 2013
Whether a threshold nodule size should prompt diagnostic thyroidectomy remains controversial. We examined a consecutive series of patients who all had thyroidectomy for a ≥4 cm nodule to determine (1) the incidence of thyroid cancer (TC) and (2) if malignant nodules could accurately be diagnosed preoperatively by ultrasound (US), fine needle aspiration ...
Hart Matthew R - - 2013
The ERBB receptors are a family of heterodimerization partners capable of driving transformation and metastasis. While the therapeutic targeting of single receptors has proven efficacious, optimal targeting of this receptor family should target all oncogenic members simultaneously. The juxtamembrane domains of ERBB1, ERBB2, and ERBB3 are highly conserved and control ...
Sundbom Magnus - - 2013
Surgical care is constantly developing as demographic shifts occur and indications change when new techniques are introduced. The purpose of this study was to describe trends of in-hospital upper abdominal procedures in Sweden during 1998-2011. Data were collected from the National Patient Register containing annual number of procedures and procedures ...
Matsuzu Kenichi - - 2013
Total thyroidectomy is well accepted as initial surgery for papillary thyroid cancer (PTC), but the extent of the thyroidectomy remains a matter of controversy. This study was designed to investigate the long-term clinical outcome of PTC patients who had undergone thyroid lobectomy and to elucidate the indications of lobectomy as ...
van den Boezem Peter B - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to compare the clinical and cosmetic results of transvaginal hybrid cholecystectomy (TVC), single-port cholecystectomy (SPC), and conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy (CLC). Recently, single-incision laparoscopic surgery and natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery have been developed as minimally invasive alternatives for CLC. Few comparative studies have ...
Zendejas Benjamin - - 2013
Botulinum toxin A (BTX) confers flaccid paralysis and pain modulation when injected into a muscle. We hypothesized that long-term paralysis of the abdominal wall musculature (i.e., chemical component paralysis, CCP) would benefit incisional hernia repair (IHR) by decreasing postoperative pain, the use of opioid analgesia, and thus opioid-related side effects. ...
Takeshita Hiroki - - 2013
This study was designed to determine the surgical outcomes of gastric cancer in elderly patients. This information can help establish appropriate treatment for these patients. A total of 1,193 patients with gastric cancer who underwent gastrectomy between 1995 and 2010 were enrolled in this retrospective study. The clinicopathologic features of ...
Miyazaki Yasuhiro - - 2013
The concentration of ghrelin, which can affect body weight by influencing appetite, is thought to decrease after sleeve gastrectomy. However, no detailed investigations have examined ghrelin expression in the stomach. The purpose of the present study was to assess localized ghrelin expression and its clinical significance in obese patients. A ...
Di Cesare Angela - - 2013
In the past years, canine and human cases of infestation by Dirofilaria repens (Spirurida, Onchocercidae) have been increasingly reported in several European countries. Subcutaneous dirofilariosis by D. repens may either be asymptomatic in dogs or may be characterized by subcutaneous nodules and other symptoms. Information on the periodicity of D. ...
Lynagh Timothy - - 2013
The human noradrenaline transporter (NET) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) transporter (SERT) are inhibited by antidepressants and psychoactive drugs such as cocaine. Both substrates and inhibitors bind in the transmembrane core of the protein, but molecular divergence at the binding site is not sufficient to account for the NET-selective and SERT-selective inhibition ...
Courtier Jesse - - 2013
The chronic nature of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) creates a lifelong effect on the morbidity of children affected by the disease. The ability to confidently identify and characterize complications resulting from IBD in the pediatric patient is of critical importance. Magnetic resonance enterography (MRE) is especially valuable in the diagnostic ...
Braun B - - 2013
Introduction: Adolf Bingel, internal medicine specialist, neurologist and psychiatrist, was a pioneer in the establishment of electroconvulsive treatment (ECT) in Germany. Thanks to his dedication, the psychiatric department of the University of Erlangen was Germany's first clinic to offer ECT.Methods: We have analysed relevant archival material and the secondary literature.Results: ...
Scholten N - - 2013
Background: This study aims at investigating ischaemic stroke therapy in Germany by using secondary data. The focus lies on the performance of thrombolysis.Methods: Statutory quality report data for 2010 were obtained. All hospitals (n = 1302) treating patients suffering from an ischaemic stroke either on a neurological, internal, geriatric or ...
Pöppl D - - 2013
Objective: To date there is a lack of tools to measure participation and the already existing measures are not properly used as yet. In 2005 the IMET (Index zur Messung von Einschränkungen der Teilhabe) was developed and is able to measure the ICF associated construct participation as a generic instrument ...
Vennewald N - - 2013
Anxiety disorders rank among the most frequent psychiatric disorders. Effective psychotherapeutic and psychopharmacological interventions exist, although a considerable number of patients does not respond to standard interventions. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is capable of modulating cortical activity locally and non-invasively. Therefore, rTMS is discussed as a possible alternative treatment ...
Burkhart Mary C - - 2013
Cancer survivorship is expected to increase in coming years. Survivors include recipients of hematopoietic stem cell transplantations, signaling the necessity for evidence-based guidelines that focus on long-term follow-up needs. Studies have shown that evidence-based care can improve cancer survivors' quality of life and long-term outcomes. The implication is that early ...
Sundararajan S R - - 2013
We hereby describe a cost effective and simple anatomical reconstruction without requirement for allograft or implants for neglected chronic patellar tendon injuries. This has been validated in seven patients with an average follow up of greater than three years resulting in good outcome. Seven patients (six males, one female) of ...
Olejnik C - - 2013
Compared to healthy bone, the intrinsic bone materials properties in the pre-existing lamellar bone are altered in jaw bone sequesters of bisphosphonates (BP)-related osteonecrosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the human jaw bone quality, especially intrinsic bone material properties among sequesters of osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) ...
Paul C - - 2013
Study design:Longitudinal cohort study.Objectives:To estimate socioeconomic and work outcomes over 2 and a half years following spinal cord injury (SCI), and to compare those in receipt of compensation (Accident Compensation Corporation, ACC) and those not.Setting:People admitted to the two spinal units in 2007-2009 in New Zealand, where there is a ...
Nassar K - - 2013
Detection of patients with vertebral fracture is similar for areal bone mineral density (aBMD) and trabecular bone score (TBS) in patients with non-vertebral fracture. In non-osteoporotic patients, TBS adds information to lumbar spine aBMD and is related to an index of spine deterioration. Vertebral fractures (VFs) are more predictive of ...
Jing Liu - - 2013
To assess the effectiveness of exercise interventions compared with usual care or other types of nonexercise interventions on health-related quality of life in patients with cancer during active treatment.
Imai K - - 2013
Study design:Retrospective chart review.Objective:To evaluate the clinical outcomes and factors influencing patient satisfaction with Malone antegrade continence enema (MACE) in patients with spina bifida.Setting:Japan.Methods:We performed retrospective analysis of 21 patients with spina bifida who underwent surgical creation of an MACE stoma. Clinical outcomes were evaluated by medical records, operative notes ...
Beele Hilde - - 2013
The European Association of Tissue Banks (EATB) donor case workshop is a forum held within the program of the EATB annual congress. The workshop offers an opportunity to discuss and evaluate approaches taken to challenging situations regarding donor selection, it promotes consensus development in deciding tissue donor acceptability when donor ...
Lattie Emily G - - 2013
Psychosocial and personality factors are known to contribute to the maintenance of and recovery from chronic pain conditions but less is known about their influence on the efficacy of pain treatment programs. The purpose of the present study is to examine the ability of the Millon Behavioral Medicine Diagnostic (MBMD), ...
Okada Yuko - - 2013
Agents used in cancer treatment can cause many side effects in patients. Oxaliplatin is a platinum-based cytotoxic agent that is used in the treatment of colorectal cancers, and one of its potential side effects is vascular pain. The current article will discuss the coadministration of dexamethasone and its potential effect ...
Xin Xukai - - 2013
By combining the ease of producing ZnO nanoflowers with the advantageous chemical stability of TiO2, hierarchically structured hollow TiO2 flower-like clusters were yielded via chemical bath deposition (CBD) of ZnO nanoflowers, followed by their conversion into TiO2 flower-like clusters in the presence of TiO2 precursors. The effects of ZnO precursor ...
Nagashima Masabumi - - 2013
Conventional X-ray absorption contrast imaging does not depict soft tissues, such as cartilage, in sufficient detail. For visualization of the soft tissues, X-ray phase-contrast imaging is more sensitive than absorption-contrast imaging. The basic concept of the X-ray phase-contrast imaging used in this study is similar to that of differential interference ...
Fenton-Kerimian Maria - - 2013
Breast cancer management has drastically changed since the 1990s. Many patients with breast cancer now can opt to conserve their breast through a lumpectomy and radiation (breast conservation therapy), rather than a full mastectomy. Advances in the techniques of delivery and length of breast radiotherapy have been rapidly evolving. This ...
Irwin Margaret M - - 2013
The Oncology Nursing Society (ONS) and ONS Foundation worked together to develop the Institute for Evidence-Based Practice Change (IEBPC) program to facilitate the implementation of evidence-based practice (EBP) change in nursing. This analysis describes the experience of 19 teams of nurses from various healthcare settings who participated in the IEBPC ...
Van Gerpen Ruth E - - 2013
Cancer-related fatigue is one of the most common and distressing side effects experienced by patients with cancer. Increased activity and exercise have been shown to significantly impact cancer-related fatigue and are beneficial during and after treatment. This article describes the development and implementation of a 12-week evidence-based exercise and education ...
Hacker Eileen Danaher - - 2013
Sleep is an essential biologic and physiologic process that is vital for maintaining or achieving optimal health outcomes. Care requirements in hospitalized patients frequently result in nocturnal disruptions that impact sleep quality. This exploratory, retrospective study aimed to identify and quantify nocturnal care disruptions in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell ...
Yagasaki Kaori - - 2013
As cancer treatment shifts from IV to oral chemotherapy, patients have less contact with nurses and face the increased responsibility of maintaining their own health care. The authors conducted focus group interviews with 18 oncology nurses using the grounded theory approach to explore the nurses' perceptions of current practices and ...
Sanders Judith Brown - - 2013
Altruism often is expressed by patients with advanced cancer as a coping mechanism and a motivational factor for participation in clinical trials. Those who participate develop a sense of hope that their life is a contribution, which may continue to live beyond their deaths.
Mayer Deborah K - - 2013
The University of North Carolina is switching electronic health records (EHRs) next year, and the University of Michigan did so last year. Many others already have or will be adopting them for the first time. What is behind these recent efforts? In two words: meaningful use (see Figure 1). The ...
Jiang Qi - - 2013
Classical crystal growth models posit that crystallization outcomes are determined by nuclei that resemble mature crystal phases, but at a critical size where the volume free energy of nuclei begins to offset the unfavorable surface free energy arising from the interface with the growth medium. Crystallization under nanoscale confinement offers ...
Rolls A - - 2013
Memories are consolidated and strengthened during sleep. Here we show that memories can also be weakened during sleep. We used a fear-conditioning paradigm in mice to condition footshock to an odor (conditioned stimulus (CS)). Twenty-four hours later, presentation of the CS odor during sleep resulted in an enhanced fear response ...
Zhang Juan - - 2013
In this work, we demonstrated a novel sensitive sandwich-type pseudobienzyme aptasensor for thrombin detection. Greatly amplified sensitivity was based on mesoporous silica-multiwalled carbon nanotube (mSiO2@MWCNT) nanocomposites as enhanced materials and a pseudobienzyme electrocatalytic system. Firstly, the mSiO2@MWCNT nanocomposites not only have good biocompatibility and a suitable microenvironment for stabilizing the ...
Quax Rogier A - - 2013
Glucocorticoids regulate many physiological processes and have an essential role in the systemic response to stress. For example, gene transcription is modulated by the glucocorticoid-glucocorticoid receptor complex via several mechanisms. The ultimate biologic responses to glucocorticoids are determined by not only the concentration of glucocorticoids but also the differences between ...
Disteche Christine M - - 2013
Trisomy 21 in human causes Down syndrome, a common chromosome disorder with devastating phenotypes ranging from early death in utero to intellectual disability together with an array of physical anomalies and late-onset diseases. In a recent study published in Nature, Jeanne Lawrence and her colleagues restored normal gene expression in ...
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