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Results 401 - 450 of 3167
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Mubyazi Godfrey M - - 2013
Evidence on healthcare managers' experience on operational feasibility of malaria intermittent preventive treatment for malaria during pregnancy (IPTp) using sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) in Africa is systematically inadequate. This paper elucidates the perspectives of District Council Health Management Team (CHMT)s regarding the feasibility of IPTp with SP strategy, including its acceptability and ...
Seo Jeong Hyun - - 2013
Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) can provide kinetic information about an interaction, and it can also be used to rapidly monitor dynamic processes, such as adsorption and degradation, without the need for sample labeling. Here, we employed SPR to analyze carbohydrate-protein interactions, particularly GM1-related carbohydrate-Vibrio cholera toxin interactions. The interaction between ...
Ruiz-García Cristina - - 2013
The present work refers to clay-graphene nanomaterials prepared by a green way using caramel from sucrose and two types of natural clays (montmorillonite and sepiolite) as precursors, with the aim of evaluating their potential use in hydrogen storage. The impregnation of the clay substrates by caramel in aqueous media, followed ...
Kwa Maryann - - 2013
The standard platinum-based treatment of previously untreated advanced ovarian cancer continues to evolve because despite high response rates to such first-line treatment, a majority of patients will experience relapse. For many years, the optimal treatment for women with advanced ovarian cancer has been maximum cytoreductive surgery followed by intravenous (IV) ...
Zhou Yong - - 2013
We propose a cross-correlation-based method to measure blood-flow velocity by using photoacoustic microscopy. Unlike in previous autocorrelation-based methods, the measured flow velocity here is independent of particle size. Thus an absolute flow velocity can be obtained without calibration. We first measured the flow velocity ex vivo, using defibrinated bovine blood. ...
Gianinazzi Micol E - - 2013
We aimed to (1) describe the utilization of mental health-care in survivors and siblings, the association with severity of distress, and visits to other professionals in distressed survivors not utilizing mental health-care; and (2) identify factors associated with utilization of mental health-care in distressed survivors. Within the Swiss Childhood Cancer ...
Shi Xiuling - - 2013
SlCRF1 and SlCRF2 are expressed throughout the plant, prominently in vascular tissue. Each SlCRF has a distinct pattern of cytokinin induction and regulation by abiotic stresses in different organs. Cytokinin is an essential plant hormone involved in the regulation of many growth and developmental processes. While many cytokinin signaling pathway ...
Schwartz Nofrat - - 2013
17β-estradiol (E2) plays a key role in tumorigenesis by enhancing cell survivability and metastasis through its cytoplasmic receptors. Recently, a variant of estrogen receptor alpha, ERα36 has been implicated as a substantial mediator of E2's proliferative and antiapoptotic effects through rapid membrane-associated signaling, and cancers previously regarded as hormone-independent due ...
Hunnibell Laura S - - 2013
Lung cancer remains the most deadly cancer, with more than half of patients dying within one year of diagnosis. However, mortality rates improve with early detection. Until recently, attempts at improving early detection of lung cancer have not been shown to be beneficial, but when results from the National Lung ...
Van Vrancken Michael - - 2013
Salivary gland-like neoplasms of the breast are a known entity. A single novel case of basal cell adenoma of the breast is presented, and the presentation, treatment, and morphologic features of this case are discussed.
Flotemersch Joseph E - - 2013
Benthic macroinvertebrates are sampled in streams and rivers as one of the assessment elements of the US Environmental Protection Agency's National Rivers and Streams Assessment. In a 2006 report, the recommendation was made that different yet comparable methods be evaluated for different types of streams (e.g., low gradient vs. high ...
Robert Carine - - 2013
The creation of polymers by tandem catalysis represents an exciting frontier in materials science. Tandem catalysis is one of the strategies used by Nature for building macromolecules. Living organisms generally synthesize macromolecules by in vivo enzyme-catalyzed chain growth polymerization reactions using activated monomers that have been formed within cells during ...
Okell William A - - 2013
We investigated the carrier-envelope phase (CEP) stability of hollow-fiber compression for high-energy few-cycle pulse generation. Saturation of the output pulse energy is observed at 0.6 mJ for a 260 μm inner-diameter, 1 m long fiber, statically filled with neon. The pressure is adjusted to achieve output spectra supporting sub-4-fs pulses. The maximum output ...
Skenderović Hrvoje - - 2013
In femtosecond degenerate four-wave mixing experiments in sodium vapor, quantum beats are observed at the wavelength of the third harmonic when the fundamental beams are three-photon resonant. The period of beating, which corresponds to fine structure energy-level splitting, does not change with the atomic number density, buffer gas pressure, or ...
Mayanagi Shuhei - - 2013
Salvage surgery after definitive chemoradiotherapy for cervical esophageal cancer and hypopharyngeal cancer remains a challenge because of the high rate of complications. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of free jejunal transfer as salvage surgery for cervical esophageal cancer and hypopharyngeal cancer after definitive ...
Braun B - - 2013
Introduction: Adolf Bingel, internal medicine specialist, neurologist and psychiatrist, was a pioneer in the establishment of electroconvulsive treatment (ECT) in Germany. Thanks to his dedication, the psychiatric department of the University of Erlangen was Germany's first clinic to offer ECT.Methods: We have analysed relevant archival material and the secondary literature.Results: ...
Hundae Aneley Y - - 2013
Fibromuscular dysplasia is an uncommon cause of secondary hypertension. When the resulting hypertension cannot be successfully treated with medications, balloon angioplasty has been shown to be successful by disrupting the "webs" of tissue in the renal artery. We present a case of secondary hypertension due to fibromuscular dysplasia and the ...
Sandorfi Gabor G Department of Cardiology, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, - - 2013
We describe a patient with the coincidence of 2 ion channel disorders with autosomal dominant inheritance: Brugada syndrome, a potentially fatal cardiac condition, and cryptogenic focal epilepsy, likely due to a neurologic channelopathy. Although Brugada syndrome was discovered incidentally, most of the clinical features of epilepsy in this patient shared ...
Sniderman Allan D AD Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Royal Victoria Hospital, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2013
Clinical decisions are increasingly driven by evidence-based recommendations of guideline groups, which aim to be based on the highest quality knowledge-randomized clinical trials (RCTs) and meta-analyses. Although RCTs provide the best assessment of the overall value of a therapy, high-quality evidence from RCTs is often incomplete, contradictory, or absent even ...
Tinkle Brad T - - 2013
Marfan syndrome is a systemic, heritable connective tissue disorder that affects many different organ systems and is best managed by using a multidisciplinary approach. The guidance in this report is designed to assist the pediatrician in recognizing the features of Marfan syndrome as well as caring for the individual with ...
van Kruchten Michel M Department of Medical Oncology, University of Groningen, University Medical Centre Groningen, Groningen, - - 2013
Oestrogen receptors are overexpressed in around 70% of all breast cancers, and are a target for endocrine therapy. These receptors can be visualised on PET with use of 16α-[(18)F]-fluoro-17β-oestradiol ((18)F-FES) as a tracer. Compared with biopsy, which enables assessment of individual sites, whole-body (18)F-FES-PET enables quantification of oestrogen-receptor expression in ...
Joniau Steven - - 2013
Prostate cancer (PCa) is a heterogeneous disease with a wide spectrum of aggressiveness. Evidence-based guidelines are invaluable but cannot be expected to be extensive enough to provide detailed guidance on the management of all patients. As such, the use of individualized, risk-adapted approaches to the management of PCa is indispensable. ...
Wei Shu-Hao - - 2013
Few clinical studies have assessed the efficacy and safety of oxcarbazepine (OXC) oral suspension in Asian pediatric patients and particularly in infants. The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the efficacy, tolerability, and side effects of OXC oral suspension in Taiwanese infants and children with various types ...
Han Ying - - 2013
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with a high morbidity in patients with impaired fasting glucose (IFG). Bicyclol is a synthetic compound known to protect the liver against oxidation and lipid injuries. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of metformin and bicyclol in ...
Ayub Ambreen - - 2013
The dengue virus (DENV) genome encodes 10 different genes including the NS3 gene, which has a protease and helicase domain used in virus replication. This domain is a potential target for antiviral agents against dengue. Due to a high mutation rate, DENV is classified into four major serotypes (DENV1-DENV4). This ...
Grace Blair S - - 2013
Kidney transplant recipients of lower socioeconomic status (SES) or from lower-SES areas have comparatively poor graft survival. Whether this results in poorer patient survival after kidney transplantation was largely unknown. Begaj et al. demonstrate that kidney transplant recipients from deprived areas have higher mortality than patients from more advantaged areas ...
Moon Woo Kyung - - 2013
Rapid volume density analysis (RVDA) for automated breast ultrasound (ABUS) has been proposed as a more efficient method for estimating breast density. In the current experiment, ABUS images were obtained for 67 breasts from 40 patients. For each case, three rectangular volumes of interest (VOIs) were extracted, including the VOIs ...
Wang Zhan-Shan - - 2013
Abnormal activation of the hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway has been found to be involved in the occurrence, invasion, and metastasis of cancers. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) also plays an important role in the invasion and metastasis of cancers. However, the significance of the Hh signaling pathway and EMT in the invasion ...
Kurz Herbert - - 2013
No actual data are available on the epidemiology and morbidity of community acquired pneumonia (CAP) in youths and children in Vienna, Austria. The objective was to determine the epidemiology of CAP and morbidity of children hospitalized due to CAP in a tertiary care facility. During three winter seasons youths and ...
Barak Frida - - 2013
To help clinical staff make effective adjustments to patients' antiemetic therapy, the authors gave patients a nausea and vomiting diary to record their experiences. Use of the diary strengthened patients' sense of security, as well as trust between staff and patients, in addition to increasing the staff's sensitivity to cultural ...
Adams Richard C - - 2013
The medical home and the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act Part C Early Intervention Program share many common purposes for infants and children ages 0 to 3 years, not the least of which is a family-centered focus. Professionals in pediatric medical home practices see substantial numbers of infants and toddlers ...
Palombi Claudio - - 2013
Proper calving management of dairy herds is a crucial aspect of the bovine life cycle, as it has profound effects on calf viability and on the post-partum course of the dam. The objectives of this study were to monitor the calving process through the use of a remote alarm system ...
Breitborde Nicholas J K NJ *Department of Psychiatry, University of Arizona, Tucson; †Department of Psychology, University of Southern California; ‡School of Social Welfare, University of California, Berkeley; and §David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California, Los - - 2013
Although it is clear that expressed emotion (EE) is associated with the course of schizophrenia, proposed models for this association have struggled to account for the relationship between the EE index of emotional overinvolvement (EOI) and relapse. To expand our understanding of the EOI-relapse association, we first attempted to replicate ...
Singhal Tarun - - 2013
The title of the article by Portnow et al.(1) is not suitable because there is uneven coverage of the development of PET imaging devices and inadequate coverage of radiopharmaceuticals or their translational applications. There are some key conceptual and factual errors as well.
Carrington Samantha J - - 2013
Two Mn(i) carbonyl complexes namely [MnBr(azpy)(CO)3] and [Mn(azpy)(CO)3(PPh3)](ClO4) (azpy = 2-phenylazopyridine) have been synthesized and characterized. Both complexes exhibit rapid CO release upon exposure to low power visible light. [MnBr(azpy)(CO)3] shows significant phototoxicity toward two malignant cell lines HeLa and MDA-MB-231.
Chen Jiabo - - 2013
Nutrient enrichment from nonpoint source pollution is one of the main causes of poor water quality and biotic impairment in many streams and rivers worldwide. The establishment of reference nutrient conditions in a river system is an essential but difficult task for water quality control. In the present study, the ...
Kim Jae Min - - 2013
We report two cases of surgical removal of a retained subfoveal perfluorocarbon liquid (PFCL) bubble through a therapeutic macular hole combined with intravitreal PFCL injection and gas tamponade. Two patients underwent pars plana vitrectomy with PFCL injection for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. In both cases, a retained subfoveal PFCL bubble was ...
Khan Salah Uddin - - 2013
We investigated unusual crow mortality in Bangladesh during January-February 2011 at two sites. Crows of two species, Corvus splendens and C. macrorhynchos, were found sick and dead during the outbreaks. In selected crow roosts, morbidity was ~1 % and mortality was ~4 % during the investigation. Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H5N1 ...
Anisimkin Vladimir - - 2013
The Anisimkin Jr. (AN) acoustic plate modes having quasi-longitudinal (QL), quasi-shear-vertical (QSV) and quasi-shear-horizontal (QSH) polarizations are studied experimentally in uncoated ST,X-quartz plates with normalized plate thicknesses h/λ = 1.485 and 1.67 (where h is thickness and λ is wavelength). The sensitivities of the modes toward mass loading (water vapor) ...
Schraufnagel Dean E - - 2013
Health disparities, defined as a significant difference in health between populations, are more common for diseases of the respiratory system than for those of other organ systems, because of the environmental influence on breathing and the variation of the environment among different segments of the population. The lowest social groups ...
Deng Dongmei - - 2013
We introduce a class of three-dimensional nonparaxial optical beams found in a parabolic rotational coordinate system. These beams, representing exact solutions of the nonparaxial Helmholtz equation, have inherent parabolic symmetries. Assisted with a computer-generated holography, we experimentally demonstrate the generation of different modes of these beams. The observed transverse beam ...
Barile Gaetano R GR Department of Ophthalmology, Manhattan Eye, Ear and Throat Hospital, New York, NY, - - 2013
The purpose of the study is to report the clinical case of a 53-year-old woman whose presenting manifestation of primary intraocular lymphoma (PIOL) was unilateral retinal degeneration. A case report was created with review of clinical, imaging, electrophysiologic, and pathological investigations. A 53-year-old woman with a distant history of ocular ...
Pellegrini Elisa - - 2013
The study focuses on the interaction between reactive oxygen species and hormones that regulate the programmed cell death in plants of Melissa officinalis exposed to ozone. Interaction between hormone and redox signaling pathways has been investigated in ozone-stressed (200 ppb, 5 h) lemon balm to verify if the response resembles the biotic ...
Ligthart Lannie L Department of Biological Psychology, VU University, van der Boechorststraat 1, 1081 BT, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Migraine and major depressive disorder (MDD) are comorbid, moderately heritable and to some extent influenced by the same genes. In a previous paper, we suggested the possibility of causality (one trait causing the other) underlying this comorbidity. We present a new application of polygenic (genetic risk) score analysis to investigate ...
Hacker Eileen Danaher - - 2013
Sleep is an essential biologic and physiologic process that is vital for maintaining or achieving optimal health outcomes. Care requirements in hospitalized patients frequently result in nocturnal disruptions that impact sleep quality. This exploratory, retrospective study aimed to identify and quantify nocturnal care disruptions in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell ...
Bandarian Fatemeh - - 2013
Low high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) is a known risk factor of coronary artery disease. Apolipoprotein A1 (APOA1) is the most abundant component of HDL-C. This study aimed at identifying sequence variations (rare and common) in the APOA1 gene and its association with serum HDL-C levels. This study was conducted ...
Kitshoff A M - - 2013
Objectives: To describe a new technique, the reinforced interdental crossover composite splint (RIC), for transverse mandibular fracture repair in dogs. This technique was compared biomechanically with the established reinforced interdental Stout loop composite splint (RIS) technique. Methods: Six pairs of mandibles from young adult small breed dogs were used for ...
Kantola Rosita M - - 2013
Silicone elastomers are used to fabricate external maxillofacial prostheses and are colored to match the adjacent facial skin. In cold winter weather, in certain individuals, the color of the skin changes toward red, which leads to a color difference between the prostheses and the surrounding tissue. The purpose of this ...
Chan Yau-Chi - - 2013
While human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) can differentiate into functional cardiomyocytes, their immature phenotypes limit their therapeutic application for myocardial regeneration. We sought to determine whether electrical stimulation could enhance the differentiation and maturation of hESC-derived cardiomyocytes. Cardiac differentiation was induced in a HES3 hESC line via embryoid bodies formation ...
Izu Suemy Cioffi - - 2013
The aim of this study was to validate the Rhinoplasty Outcomes Evaluation (ROE) questionnaire adapted to the Brazilian Portuguese. A prospective study was conducted with ROE administration to 56 patients submitted to rhinoplasty (preoperatively, and then 15-day and 90-day postoperatively) and 100 volunteers without the need or desire of cosmetic ...
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