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Results 351 - 400 of 3167
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Wang Xinglin - - 2013
Motivated by the realization of the Dirac point (DP) with a double-cone structure for optical field in the negative-zero-positive index metamaterial (NZPIM), the lateral shift and tunneling time of photon tunneling through a frustrated total internal reflection structure containing a NZPIM barrier are investigated by employing Artman's stationary phase method. ...
Tavitian Lucy - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to provide clinicians in the Arab World with a child and adolescent depression screening tool. Child and parent versions of the Mood and Feelings Questionnaire (CMFQ and PMFQ respectively) were translated to Arabic and administered along with the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) to ...
Barczyński Marcin - - 2013
The prevalence of recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury is higher in repeat than in primary thyroid operations. The use of intraoperative nerve monitoring (IONM) as an aid in dissection of the scar tissue is believed to minimize the risk of nerve injury. The aim of this study was to examine ...
Kitaoka Yu - - 2013
It is now evident that exercise training leads to increases in monocarboxylate transporter (MCT)1 and MCT4, but little is known about the mechanisms of coupling muscle contraction with these changes. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide-1-beta-D-ribofuranoside (AICAR) induced activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) ...
Lattie Emily G - - 2013
Psychosocial and personality factors are known to contribute to the maintenance of and recovery from chronic pain conditions but less is known about their influence on the efficacy of pain treatment programs. The purpose of the present study is to examine the ability of the Millon Behavioral Medicine Diagnostic (MBMD), ...
Chen Fu-Chen - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between perceived hole size (perception), performance, and body movement (action) in golf putting for children with probable developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and typically developing children (TDC). Forty-eight children (24 probable DCD, 24 TDC) performed putting in easy and hard conditions. ...
Smietański M - - 2013
A classification of parastomal hernias (PH) is needed to compare different populations described in various trials and cohort studies, complete the previous inguinal and ventral hernia classifications of the European Hernia Society (EHS) and will be integrated into the EuraHS database (European Registry of Abdominal Wall Hernias). Several members of ...
Ryu In Sun - - 2013
Metabolic tumour volume (MTV) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) from (18)F-FDG PET/CT are emerging prognostic biomarkers in human solid cancers; yet few studies have investigated their clinical and prognostic significance in oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). The present retrospective study evaluated the utility of pretreatment MTV and TLG measured ...
Sadeghi-Aliabadi H - - 2013
Celecoxib is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) developed as a selective inhibitor of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis disease. Recently some other mechanisms have been identified for anti cancer activity of these agents including induction of apoptosis, inhibition of tumor vascularization, stimulation of antitumor immune responses and ...
Gracitelli Carolina Pelegrini Barbosa - - 2013
The aim of this study is to assess the ability of non-ophthalmologist doctors to detect eyes with occludable angles using the flashlight test (FLT). For this study, a total of 45 patients were prospectively enrolled. After an ophthalmological examination all patients underwent FLT by two non-ophthalmologist examiners in a masked ...
Appelbaum Paul S - - 2013
Idaho is one of four states that have abolished the insanity defense. Hence, John Delling, on trial for two murders in Idaho, was unable to plead insanity or to argue that he lacked intent to kill, the only available option under Idaho law. After being sentenced to life in prison ...
Mittal Kundan - - 2013
A prospective observational study was conducted on 500 children to evaluate the Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illnesses (IMNCI) algorithm for diagnosis and referral of children aged 0-59 mo. IMNCI algorithm performed well in diagnosis [except sepsis in 0-7 d (p < 0.01) and malaria in 2-59 mo (p < 0.01)] and referral of under five ...
Tepavcevic Darija Kisic - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine the changes in the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and predictors of change among patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) at 3 and 6 years during the follow-up period. A group of 109 consecutive MS patients (McDonald's criteria) referred to the Clinic of Neurology, ...
Fiordelli Maddalena - - 2013
A good collaboration between health professionals is considered to have benefits for patients, healthcare staff, and organizations. Nevertheless, effective interprofessional collaboration is difficult to achieve. This is particularly true for collaboration between Medical Residents (MRs) and the immediate colleagues they interact with, as Senior Doctors (SDs) and Head Nurses (HNs). ...
Wang Fei - - 2013
Cubic silver cages were prepared on monolithic activated carbon (MAC) pre-absorbed with Cl(-), SO4(2-), or PO4(3-) anions. Silver insoluble salts served as templates for the morphosynthesis of silver cages. The silver ions were reduced by reductive functional groups on MAC micropores through a galvanic cell reaction mechanism.
Cooper Alicia L - - 2013
Chinese translation BACKGROUND: Although Medicare Advantage plans are required to report clinical performance using Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) quality indicators, the accuracy of plan-reported performance rates is unknown. To compare calculated and reported rates of high-risk prescribing among Medicare Advantage plans. Cross-sectional comparison. 172 Medicare Advantage plans. ...
Curry Merlin - - 2013
The authors report the case of a 5-year-old female with right-sided hemiparesis and aphasia secondary to moyamoya disease, who had previously undergone staged bilateral encephaloduroarteriosynangiosis procedures. A subsequent ground-level fall caused an acute traumatic subdural hematoma with mass effect and neurological decline. She underwent emergency hematoma evacuation and decompressive craniectomy, ...
Mariani Silvia - - 2013
We report on the design, the fabrication, and the optical characterization of AlGaAs microdisks suspended on a GaAs pedestal, conceived for second-harmonic generation with a pump in the third telecom window. We discuss the results concerning the linear characterization of whispering gallery modes at fundamental and second-harmonic wavelengths, an essential ...
Wang Xiyang - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare single posterior debridement, interbody fusion and instrumentation with one-stage anterior debridement, interbody fusion and posterior instrumentation for treating thoracic and lumbar spinal tuberculosis. From January 2006 to January 2010, we enrolled 115 spinal tuberculosis patients with obvious surgical indications. Overall, 55 patients ...
Wadsworth Shelley Macdermid - - 2013
Taking our nation to war has exposed a generation of military families and children to combat and its consequences. Every dollar spent on bullets, trucks, fuel, and food carried a future 'tax' in the form of consequences for psychological and physical health and family relationships. In this commentary, I focus ...
van den Boezem Peter B - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to compare the clinical and cosmetic results of transvaginal hybrid cholecystectomy (TVC), single-port cholecystectomy (SPC), and conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy (CLC). Recently, single-incision laparoscopic surgery and natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery have been developed as minimally invasive alternatives for CLC. Few comparative studies have ...
Xiao Ling - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the association between signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) polymorphisms and autoimmune thyroid diseases and clinical features. We genotyped six single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs1053005, rs2293152, rs744166, rs17593222, rs2291281, and rs2291282 of STAT3 gene in 667 patients with autoimmune thyroid disease ...
Rolls A - - 2013
Memories are consolidated and strengthened during sleep. Here we show that memories can also be weakened during sleep. We used a fear-conditioning paradigm in mice to condition footshock to an odor (conditioned stimulus (CS)). Twenty-four hours later, presentation of the CS odor during sleep resulted in an enhanced fear response ...
Yactor Amy R - - 2013
Inflammatory breast carcinoma is a rare and aggressive type of breast cancer that is definitively diagnosed by histologic evaluation showing invasive tumor cells in the dermal lymphatic system. Associated dermal calcifications are not typically identified. We report an unusual case in which inflammatory breast carcinoma led to the presence of ...
Bernards Arnold T M - - 2013
Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is the most common form of incontinence impacting on quality of life (QOL) and is associated with high financial, social, and emotional costs. The purpose of this study was to provide an update existing Dutch evidence-based clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for physiotherapy management of patients with ...
Tatoń Grzegorz - - 2013
Areal bone mineral density (aBMD) measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is an important determinant of bone strength (BS), despite the fact that the correlation between aBMD and BS is relatively weak. Parameters that describe BS more accurately are desired. The aim of this study was to determine whether the ...
Familiari Pietro - - 2013
Chronic pancreatitis (CP)-related common bile duct (CBD) strictures are more difficult to treat endoscopically compared with benign biliary strictures because of their nature, particularly in patients with calcific CP. Before any attempt at treatment, malignancy must be excluded. Single plastic stents can be used for immediate symptom relief and as ...
Stevens Tyler - - 2013
Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) can be a useful tool for detecting underlying causes of acute pancreatitis and establishing the severity of fibrosis in chronic pancreatitis. Ancillary techniques include fine needle aspiration and core biopsy, bile collection for crystal analysis, pancreatic function testing, and celiac plexus block. This review focuses on the ...
Rosenthal Liana S - - 2013
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND) is present in 30-60 % of HIV-positive (HIV+) individuals and can be assessed by neuropsychological testing and level of functional impairment. HAND diagnosis therefore requires accurate assessment of functional impairment. The Computer Assessment of Mild Cognitive Impairment (CAMCI) is a computer-based screening tool that ...
Hinde Eleanor - - 2013
The skin of most mammals is characterised by the presence of sebaceous glands (SGs), whose predominant constituent cell population is sebocytes, that is, lipid-producing epithelial cells, which develop from the hair follicle. Besides holocrine sebum production (which contributes 90% of skin surface lipids), multiple additional SG functions have emerged. These ...
Harris Joshua D - - 2013
Shoulder instability is common in contact and collision athletes. This article discusses the anatomy, pathoanatomy, history, physical examination, imaging, management algorithm, and outcomes of surgical treatment of instability of the shoulder in these patients. This article also presents the authors' recommended arthroscopic technique.
Hermann Ismene - - 2013
This paper investigates automatic processing of novel metaphors in adults with Asperger Syndrome (AS) and typically developing controls. We present an experiment combining a semantic judgment task and a recognition task. Four types of sentences were compared: Literally true high-typical sentences, literally true low-typical sentences, apt metaphors, and scrambled metaphors ...
Hanson Josh - - 2013
Adults with severe malaria frequently require intravenous fluid therapy to restore their circulating volume. However, fluid must be delivered judiciously as both under- and over-hydration increase the risk of complications and, potentially, death. As most patients will be cared for in a resource-poor setting, management guidelines necessarily recommend that physical ...
Lazoul Mohamed - - 2013
In this Letter, we experimentally investigate multiwavelength parametric generation in two-dimensional second-order nonlinear photonic crystals. For this purpose, a 2D periodically poled lithium tantalate crystal with rectangular lattice was fabricated and characterized. We demonstrate multiple and simultaneous wavelength generation due to the contribution of different lattice vectors. Numerical simulations emphasize ...
Tyagi Priyanka - - 2013
In this Letter, the effect of F<sub>4</sub>-TCNQ insertion at the anode/hole transport layer (HTL) interface was studied on joule heating and the lifetime of organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). Joule heating was found to reduce significantly (pixel temperature decrease by about 10 K at a current density of 40  mA/cm<sup>2</sup>) by this insertion. ...
Masai Hirokazu - - 2013
Photoluminescent (PL) properties related to Te<sup>4+</sup> species in zinc borate glasses are examined. Broad emission was observed by the excitation of the PL excitation peak of Te<sup>4+</sup> present at the optical absorption edge. The emission intensity of Te<sup>4+</sup> in 5TeO<sub>2</sub>-50ZnO-45B<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> glass was thermally quenched in a temperature region over 100 K, ...
Qian Yannan - - 2013
To increase the photovoltaic efficiency of solar cells, green and red upconversion (UC) emissions produced at an excitation of 1550 nm were investigated. A drastically enhanced red UC emission was observed in near-stoichiometric LiNbO<sub>3</sub> crystal heavily doped with Er<sup>3+</sup> ions (Er:NSLN). Raman spectra showed that the maximum phonon energy shifted from ...
Zhang Juan - - 2013
In this work, we demonstrated a novel sensitive sandwich-type pseudobienzyme aptasensor for thrombin detection. Greatly amplified sensitivity was based on mesoporous silica-multiwalled carbon nanotube (mSiO2@MWCNT) nanocomposites as enhanced materials and a pseudobienzyme electrocatalytic system. Firstly, the mSiO2@MWCNT nanocomposites not only have good biocompatibility and a suitable microenvironment for stabilizing the ...
Xie Shaohua - - 2013
Three-dimensionally ordered macroporous Co3O4 (3DOM Co3O4) and its supported gold (xAu/3DOM Co3O4, x = 1.1-8.4 wt%) nanocatalysts were prepared using the polymethyl methacrylate-templating and bubble-assisted polyvinyl alcohol-protected reduction methods, respectively. The 3DOM Co3O4 and xAu/3DOM Co3O4 samples exhibited a surface area of 22-27 m(2) g(-1). The Au nanoparticles with a ...
Gehrke Cody - - 2013
In this work, an innovative vascular coupling device (VCD) is created to realize quick and reliable vessel anastomosis. Vessel anastomosis is common and often necessary during trauma, replantation and free tissue transfer surgeries. The current method of vessel anastomosis is traditional hand suturing. This technique is time consuming (20-30 min), difficult, ...
Hajimehdipoor H - - 2013
Swertia species are widespread in Eastern and Southern Asian countries and used in traditional medicine as anti-pyretic, analgesic, gastro and liver tonic. Among different species, only Swertia longifolia grows in Iran. In this investigation, antioxidant, cytotoxic and acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activities of S. longifolia have been studied. Aerial parts and roots ...
Gronich Naomi - - 2013
Cancer risk reduction using pharmacological means is an attractive modern preventive approach that supplements the classical behavioural prevention recommendations. Medications that are commonly used by large populations to treat a variety of common, non-cancer-related, medical situations are an attractive candidate pool. This Review discusses three pharmacological agents with the most ...
Kadota Michio - - 2013
Currently, an ultra-wideband resonator is greatly needed to realize a tunable filter with a wide tunable range, because mobile phones with multiple bands and cognitive radio systems require such tunable filters to simplify their circuits. Although tunable filters have been studied using SAW resonators, their tunable range was insufficient for ...
Tannenbaum Eric P - - 2013
Athletes participating in contact sports often subject their shoulders to intense activity and high-energy forces. When one or more of the posterior stabilizing structures is damaged, posterior shoulder instability often ensues. Orthopedists must know how to perform the specific physical examination maneuvers to determine posterior shoulder instability and what imaging ...
Wang Guangfeng - - 2013
In the present study, based on multi-functional Dual-Hairpin DNA structure, a simple, fast and high sensitive assay for the detection of DNA, thrombin and Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) was demonstrated. DNA sequence labeled with Methylene blue (MB), which was designed as ss DNA matching with target DNA, thrombin or ATP aptamer, ...
Eaton Bree R - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to describe the incidence and location of ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR) among breast cancer patients treated with oncoplastic reduction mammoplasty (ORM) and radiotherapy (RT). The medical records of 86 consecutive women with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) (n = 11) or invasive carcinoma of the ...
Celano Umberto - - 2013
In the recent past, filamentary-based resistive switching devices have emerged as predominant candidates for future non-volatile memory storage. Most of the striking characteristics of these devices are still limited by the high power consumption and poor understanding of the intimate resistive switching mechanism. In this study, we present an atomic ...
Lapoint Jeff - - 2013
Errors in prescribing of dangerous medications, such as extended release or long acting (ER/LA) opioid forlmulations, remain an important cause of patient harm. Prescribing errors often relate to the failure to note warnings regarding contraindications and drug interactions. Many prescribers utilize electronic pharmacopoeia (EP) to improve medication ordering. The purpose ...
Lynagh Timothy - - 2013
The human noradrenaline transporter (NET) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) transporter (SERT) are inhibited by antidepressants and psychoactive drugs such as cocaine. Both substrates and inhibitors bind in the transmembrane core of the protein, but molecular divergence at the binding site is not sufficient to account for the NET-selective and SERT-selective inhibition ...
Qiu Jianguo - - 2013
Abstract Background: Although current guidelines recommend performing cholecystectomy via laparoscopy, consensus on the application of single-incision laparoscopic surgery for cholecystectomy is still lacking. The aim of the current study was to perform a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and nonrandomized comparative studies (NRCSs), comparing single-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SPLC) and ...
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