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Results 301 - 350 of 3145
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Nah Theodora - - 2013
The heterogeneous reaction of OH radicals with sub-micron unsaturated fatty acid particles in the presence of H2O2 and O2 is studied to explore how surface OH addition reactions initiate chain reactions that rapidly transform the chemical composition of an organic particle. In the presence of 20.7 ppm [H2O2] in a ...
Xuan Weimin - - 2013
A FRET ratiometric fluorescent probe enabling a fast and highly sensitive response to OP nerve agent mimic DCP within 1 min and with as low as 0.17 ppm concentration detection limit has been developed. Moreover, the probe exhibits noticeable color changes under UV light and even with the naked eye. ...
Moon Woo Kyung - - 2013
Rapid volume density analysis (RVDA) for automated breast ultrasound (ABUS) has been proposed as a more efficient method for estimating breast density. In the current experiment, ABUS images were obtained for 67 breasts from 40 patients. For each case, three rectangular volumes of interest (VOIs) were extracted, including the VOIs ...
Hansen Kristoffer Lindskov - - 2013
Conventional ultrasound (US) methods for blood velocity estimation only provide one-dimensional and angle-dependent velocity estimates; thus, the complexity of cardiac flow has been difficult to measure. To circumvent these limitations, the Transverse Oscillation (TO) vector flow method has been proposed. The vector flow method implemented on a commercial scanner provided ...
Lione Roberta - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to analyze the anatomical three-dimensional (3D) characteristics of masseter muscle in growing subjects with different vertical patterns by using an ultrasound (US) method. The sample comprised 60 prepuberal subjects (33 males, 27 females) with a mean age of 11.5 ± 1.6 years with ...
Schraufnagel Dean E - - 2013
Health disparities, defined as a significant difference in health between populations, are more common for diseases of the respiratory system than for those of other organ systems, because of the environmental influence on breathing and the variation of the environment among different segments of the population. The lowest social groups ...
Kornmann Verena N N - - 2013
Anastomotic leakage is a serious complication after colorectal surgery, and many risk factors for this problem have so far been identified. The aim of this study was to assess the association between visceral arterial occlusive disease and anastomotic leakage. The preoperative abdominal computed tomography scans from all consecutive patients who ...
Scott William W - - 2013
Endometriosis is a common disease; however, ectopic müllerian tissue within the spine is a rare entity with the potential for producing significant neurological compromise. There are several postulated etiologies for this phenomenon, and only a few case reports are available in the world literature. Knowledge of this rare phenomenon is ...
Curry Merlin - - 2013
The authors report the case of a 5-year-old female with right-sided hemiparesis and aphasia secondary to moyamoya disease, who had previously undergone staged bilateral encephaloduroarteriosynangiosis procedures. A subsequent ground-level fall caused an acute traumatic subdural hematoma with mass effect and neurological decline. She underwent emergency hematoma evacuation and decompressive craniectomy, ...
Cha Minseok - - 2013
Caldicellulosiruptor bescii is an anaerobic thermophilic bacterium of special interest for use in the consolidated bioprocessing of plant biomass to biofuels. In the course of experiments to engineer pyruvate metabolism in C. bescii, we isolated a mutant of C. bescii that contained an insertion in the L-lactate dehydrogenase gene (ldh). ...
Zhao Lingling - - 2013
Wide-field fluorescence lifetime imaging allows for fast imaging of large sample areas at the cost of low sensitivity to weak fluorescence signals. To overcome this challenge, we developed an active wide-field illumination (AWFI) strategy to optimize the impinging spatial intensity for acquiring optimal fluorescence signals over the whole sample. We ...
Kelly Ryan P - - 2013
Even when environmental data quantify the risks and benefits of delayed responses to rapid anthropogenic change, institutions rarely respond promptly. We propose that narratives complementing environmental datasets can motivate responsive environmental policy. To explore this idea, we relate a case study in which a narrative of economic loss due to ...
Chen Yankun - - 2013
We report the computational modeling of Ag nanoparticles deposited on the rear of a nanohole-textured silicon thin film to achieve higher absorption for silicon solar cells. The silicon nanoholes and the rear-located Ag nanoparticles can enhance the absorption in the silicon thin film. The short circuit current density for nanohole-textured ...
Tomita Shunsuke - - 2013
Polyion complexes with naturally occurring differentiation of enzymes serve to create receptor libraries with high differentiability and lower synthetic demands for pattern-based protein discrimination.
Mariani Silvia - - 2013
We report on the design, the fabrication, and the optical characterization of AlGaAs microdisks suspended on a GaAs pedestal, conceived for second-harmonic generation with a pump in the third telecom window. We discuss the results concerning the linear characterization of whispering gallery modes at fundamental and second-harmonic wavelengths, an essential ...
Chi Yuejie - - 2013
We explain a technique that recovers the structure and the modal weights of spatial modes of lasers from a limited number of spatial coherence measurements. Our approach interpolates the unobserved spatial coherence measurements via the low-rank matrix completion algorithm based on nuclear norm minimization and then extracts the set of ...
Lavdas Spyros - - 2013
We study the generation of parabolic self-similar optical pulses in tapered Si photonic nanowires (Si-PhNWs) at both telecom (λ=1.55  μm) and mid-infrared (λ=2.2  μm) wavelengths. Our computational study is based on a rigorous theoretical model, which fully describes the influence of linear and nonlinear optical effects on pulse propagation in Si-PhNWs with ...
Wang Xinglin - - 2013
Motivated by the realization of the Dirac point (DP) with a double-cone structure for optical field in the negative-zero-positive index metamaterial (NZPIM), the lateral shift and tunneling time of photon tunneling through a frustrated total internal reflection structure containing a NZPIM barrier are investigated by employing Artman's stationary phase method. ...
Wang Chen - - 2013
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play critical regulatory roles mainly through cleaving their target mRNAs or repressing gene translation during plant development. Grapevines are among the most economically important fruit crops with available whole genome sequences. Studies on grapevine miRNAs (Vv-miRNAs) are also widely available. However, studies on the regulation mode of Vv-miRNAs ...
Rueda E - - 2013
In the present work, we propose a method to generate high-quality optical vortices with a reduced number of phase levels by using multilevel vortex-producing lenses (VPLs). The VPL is implemented in a liquid-crystal spatial light modulator with limited capacity to project phase levels. The proposed method significantly improves the quality ...
Chen Gui-Yang - - 2013
The focal electric fields for a 4π high numerical aperture (NA) focusing system with both the doughnut and higher-order Laguerre-Gaussian (LG) radially polarized (RP) beams are investigated in the case of NA=1, and the full width at half-maximum values of the focal spots are calculated. Compared with the single-lens high ...
Yamada Katsutaka - - 2013
Lumbar intra-spinal canal stenosis is characterized by leg pain that intensifies during walking and intermittent claudication, while leg pain at rest is a characteristic neurological symptom of lumbar disc herniation. Until now, a correlation between leg pain at rest and symptomatic foraminal stenosis has not been reported. This is a ...
Wang Xiyang - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare single posterior debridement, interbody fusion and instrumentation with one-stage anterior debridement, interbody fusion and posterior instrumentation for treating thoracic and lumbar spinal tuberculosis. From January 2006 to January 2010, we enrolled 115 spinal tuberculosis patients with obvious surgical indications. Overall, 55 patients ...
Yin Huabin - - 2013
A retrospective study of 32 patients with osteoblastoma (OBL) in the mobile spine was performed to analyze the clinical characteristics of two types of spinal OBL. We also aimed to find influential factors for OBL in the mobile spine. Between 2002 and 2011, 32 patients with either conventional osteoblastoma (CO) ...
Yan Yan - - 2013
We report multicasting data from a single orbital angular momentum (OAM) spatial channel onto multiple OAM channels of equally spaced OAM charge numbers. The designed sliced phase patterns for multicasting are loaded on the spatial light modulator. By optimizing the design of the phase pattern, the power of multicasted OAM ...
Harwood B - - 2013
Many tasks require synergistic activation of muscles that possess different architectural, mechanical, and neural control properties. However, investigations of the motor unit (MU) mechanisms which modulate force are mostly restricted to individual muscles and low forces. To explore the pattern of MU recruitment and discharge behavior among three elbow extensors ...
Siegel Nisan - - 2013
Recent advances in Fresnel incoherent correlation holography (FINCH) increase the signal-to-noise ratio in hologram recording by interference of images from two diffractive lenses with focal lengths close to the image plane. Holograms requiring short reconstruction distances are created that reconstruct poorly with existing Fresnel propagation methods. Here we show a ...
Toney Megan E - - 2013
Human walking dynamics are typically framed in the context of mechanics and energetics rather than in the context of neuromuscular control. Dynamic walking principles describe one helpful theoretical approach to characterize efficient human walking mechanics over many steps. These principles do not, however, address how such walking is controlled step-by-step ...
Okell William A - - 2013
We investigated the carrier-envelope phase (CEP) stability of hollow-fiber compression for high-energy few-cycle pulse generation. Saturation of the output pulse energy is observed at 0.6 mJ for a 260 μm inner-diameter, 1 m long fiber, statically filled with neon. The pressure is adjusted to achieve output spectra supporting sub-4-fs pulses. The maximum output ...
Khan Saeed - - 2013
High-speed, tunable integrated silicon photonic delay lines are demonstrated by cascading complementary apodized silicon grating waveguides. The cascaded grating waveguides, with inward and outward super-Gaussian apodization profiles, compensate each other's dispersion and allow high-speed operation. Characterization of the compact delay lines shows that they have low loss, offer true time ...
Willis Mark A - - 2013
Males of the hawkmoth, Manduca sexta, track wind-borne plumes of female sex pheromone by flying upwind, while continuously turning from side-to-side and changing altitude. Their characteristic "zigzagging" trajectory has long been thought to result from the interaction of two mechanisms, an odor-modulated orientation to wind and a built-in central nervous ...
Masajada Jan - - 2013
Holographic optical tweezers were used to show the interaction between a strongly focused laser beam and magnetic nanoparticles in ferrofluid. When the light intensity was high enough, magnetic nanoparticles were removed from the beam center and formed a dark ring. The same behavior was observed when focusing vortex or Bessel ...
Ma Li-Jung - - 2013
Despite recent improvements in the diagnosis and treatment, the final outcomes in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinomas (NPC) still remain suboptimal. Through data mining from published transcriptomic database with further bioinformatic validation, fibronectin (FN1) was identified as a differentially upregulated gene in NPC tissues, which implicates the transition from epithelial to ...
Yu Hongchen - - 2013
A compact quality factor (Q)-enhanced bandpass filter based on the electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT)-like effect between two-ring resonators was proposed and experimental demonstrated. The enhancement in Q can be 2-3 orders of magnitude compared to the single ring bandpass filter, and a 27 times enhanced bandpass filter with a bandwidth ...
de Assis Leonardo Vinícius Monteiro - - 2013
The malignant mesothelioma is an aggressive form of cancer with a mean survival rate of less than a year. Moreover, environmental exposure to minerals is an important factor in the development of malignant mesothelioma (MM), especially the mineral asbestos, which has a well-documented role in MM, and more recently, the ...
Wang Zhan-Shan - - 2013
Abnormal activation of the hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway has been found to be involved in the occurrence, invasion, and metastasis of cancers. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) also plays an important role in the invasion and metastasis of cancers. However, the significance of the Hh signaling pathway and EMT in the invasion ...
Li Xiaokun - - 2013
Since blood vessel detection and characteristic measurement for ocular retinal images is a fundamental problem in computer-aided medical diagnosis, automated algorithms/systems for vessel detection and measurement are always demanded. To support computer-aided diagnosis, an integrated approach/solution for vessel detection and diameter measurement is presented and validated. In the proposed approach, ...
Yang Feng - - 2013
A high efficiency and high peak power picosecond (ps) mid-infrared optical parametric amplifier with a new nonlinear crystal BaGa<sub>4</sub>Se<sub>7</sub> pumped by a 30 ps 1064 nm Nd:YAG laser is demonstrated for the first time. The maximum photon conversion efficiency of 56% from 1064 nm to 3.9 μm idler has been achieved at the pump ...
Varlot Bastien - - 2013
We experimentally investigate the nonlinear reshaping of a continuous wave that leads to chirp-free and flat-top intense pulses or flaticons exhibiting strong temporal oscillations at their edges and a stable self-similar expansion upon propagation of their central region. This study was performed in the normal dispersion regime of a nonzero ...
Langslet Ellen - - 2013
Displaced femoral neck fractures usually are treated with hemiarthroplasty. However, the degree to which the design of the implant used (cemented or uncemented) affects the outcome is not known and may be therapeutically important. In this randomized controlled trial, we sought to compare cemented with cementless fixation in bipolar hemiarthroplasties ...
Hailer Nils P - - 2013
Pseudotumors and immunologic alterations are reported in patients with elevated metal ion levels after resurfacing arthroplasty of the hip. A direct association of increased cobalt and chromium concentrations with the development of pseudotumors has not been established. We hypothesized that (1) patients with higher blood cobalt and chromium concentrations are ...
Lazoul Mohamed - - 2013
In this Letter, we experimentally investigate multiwavelength parametric generation in two-dimensional second-order nonlinear photonic crystals. For this purpose, a 2D periodically poled lithium tantalate crystal with rectangular lattice was fabricated and characterized. We demonstrate multiple and simultaneous wavelength generation due to the contribution of different lattice vectors. Numerical simulations emphasize ...
Chimento Philip F - - 2013
We respond to a Comment on our Letter [Opt. Lett.37, 4946 (2012)], in which we reported on the spin-to-orbital optical angular momentum conversion of a circular nanoslit in a thin metal layer. We claimed, in an unfortunately worded sentence, that the conversion efficiency was independent of the slit's dichroism, which ...
Kumar Vijay - - 2013
Experimental measurements of the nonplanar phase of scalar optical beams is achieved using polarization singularities and Stokes parameters. The product of beam intensity and its phase gradient is calculated to get the Poynting vector distribution in the beam cross section. Using these we propose a scheme and experimentally obtain generic ...
Sugawara Kayoko - - 2013
The significance of retinopathy during triple therapy with telaprevir is uncertain. Ophthalmologic examination was done prospectively before and every month during the therapy in 95 CHC patients. Retinopathy was found in 46 (48.4 %), and the specialists recommended discontinuation of the therapy in 9 (9.5 %). Such lesions may develop as adverse ...
Zhou Yong - - 2013
We propose a cross-correlation-based method to measure blood-flow velocity by using photoacoustic microscopy. Unlike in previous autocorrelation-based methods, the measured flow velocity here is independent of particle size. Thus an absolute flow velocity can be obtained without calibration. We first measured the flow velocity ex vivo, using defibrinated bovine blood. ...
Rangamani Padmini - - 2013
Large scale changes to lipid bilayer shapes are well represented by the Helfrich model. However, there are membrane processes that take place at smaller length scales that this model cannot address. In this work, we present a one-dimensional continuum model that captures the mechanics of the lipid bilayer membrane at ...
Arbabi Amir - - 2013
We present a method for determining the core and cladding refractive indices of a microring resonator from its measured quasi-transverse electric and magnetic resonant modes. We use single wavelength reflective microrings to resolve the azimuthal order ambiguity of the measured resonances. We perform accurate electromagnetic simulations to model the dependence ...
Satchell Simon - - 2013
The unique permeability characteristics of the glomerular capillary wall depend on its three-layer structure, consisting of endothelial cells, the basement membrane and podocytes. These components form the glomerular filtration barrier (GFB). That albuminuria may occur in the absence of changes in podocyte foot processes suggests that GFB components other than ...
Pinna Sergio - - 2013
We propose and characterize a simple, integrable, and wavelength-preserving scheme able to groom a 40 Gbps (D)QPSK signal with a 20 Gbps OOK one into a 20 Gbaud (60 Gbps) 8-APSK signal. The proposed all-optical scheme is based on the second-order nonlinear signal-depletion effect in a single periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) waveguide. Performance ...
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