Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 3167
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Wang Haotian - - 2013
Magnetic field sensing based on magnetic fluid (MF) and a singlemode-multimode-singlemode (SMS) fiber structure is proposed. The sensitivity of the proposed sensing system can be enhanced by corroding the cladding of the multimode fiber of the SMS fiber structure. The achieved maximum magnetic field sensitivity of our experimental structures is ...
Tutturen Astrid E V - - 2013
Protein citrullination is a posttranslational modification where peptidylarginine is enzymatically deiminated to form peptidylcitrulline. Although the role of protein citrullination in both health and disease is being increasingly recognised, techniques available to identify citrullinated proteins and to map their citrullination site(s) are rare and often show poor sensitivity. Here, we ...
Koo Yu-Jin - - 2013
This study was conducted to evaluate the accuracy of p16/Ki-67 dual immunostaining compared to high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) DNA testing for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) in women with atypical squamous cells, cytology not excluding high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (ASC-H). Data were collected from 73 patients diagnosed to have ASC-H on ...
Guimarães Elaine Leonezi - - 2013
The aim of this systematic literature review was to examine and discuss studies that investigated reaching in preterm infants during the first year of life. Databases were searched using keywords such as reaching, grasping, preterm, and premature, in addition to specific terms from the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) (motor skills, ...
Atwell Jessica E - - 2013
In 2010, 9120 cases of pertussis were reported in California, more than any year since 1947. Although this resurgence has been widely attributed to waning immunity of the acellular vaccine, the role of vaccine refusal has not been explored in the published literature. Many factors likely contributed to the outbreak, ...
Kapischke Matthias - - 2013
A comparative study was performed to compare quality of life after laparoscopic and open appendectomy in children and adolescents in a German General Hospital. The same study population was re-evaluated regarding their quality of life several years after operation. Children and adolescents (n = 158) who underwent appendectomy for acute ...
Pusztai Lajos - - 2013
Lack of reproducibility in the scientific and lay literature of many scientific reports is an increasing concern, as are the high rates of failure to validate highly promising preclinical observations in clinical trials. There are many technical reasons why experimental results, particularly in cancer research, cannot be reproduced, including unrecognized ...
Bartsch Stephen - - 2013
A protocol was originally designed to study breathing control during and following cardiac arrest in humans, taking advantage of the period of pulseless ventricular fibrillation (PVF) produced while testing a newly implanted cardioverter-defibrillator device. A patient aged in his 60s with New York Heart Association class III heart failure (HF) ...
Chaisson Neal F - - 2013
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is the leading cause of death in systemic sclerosis (SSc) and affects up to 12% of all patients with SSc, with a 50% mortality rate within 3 years of PAH diagnosis. Compared with the idiopathic form of PAH (IPAH), patients with SSc-associated PAH (SSc-PAH) have a ...
Song Hyun Beom - - 2013
Livedoid vasculopathy (LV) is characterized by a long history of ulceration of the feet and legs and histopathology indicating a thrombotic process. We report a case of acute central retinal artery occlusion in a 32-year-old woman who had LV. She showed no discernible laboratory abnormalities such as antiphospholipid antibodies and ...
Brophy Robert H - - 2013
Athletes, especially in contact and collision sports, are at risk for anterior and, less commonly, posterior glenohumeral instability. Studies have demonstrated that both types of instability can be successfully treated with surgery, using either open or arthroscopic techniques. For athletes with anterior instability, open stabilization has a slightly lower recurrence ...
Klasser Gary D - - 2013
The authors conducted a study to ascertain participants' perceptions of and confidence in their responses regarding the definition and diagnosis of burning mouth syndrome (BMS). The authors developed an eight-question questionaire with input from several experienced clinicians in the fields of oral medicine (OM) and orofacial pain (OFP) and sent ...
Caracò Corrado - - 2013
To assess the incidence of nonmajor lymphatic basin sentinel nodes in patients with cutaneous melanoma in order to propose a correct nomenclature and inform appropriate surgical management. This was a retrospective review of 1,045 consecutive patients with cutaneous melanoma who underwent sentinel lymph node biopsy and dynamic lymphoscintigraphy to identify ...
Christaki Urania - - 2013
The objective of this study was to explore the succession of planktonic unicellular eukaryotes by means of 18S rRNA gene tag pyrosequencing in the eastern English Channel (EEC) during the winter to summer transition. The 59 most representative (>0.1 %, representing altogether 95 % of total reads), unique operational taxonomic units (OTUs) ...
Lee Sungkyu - - 2013
OBJECTIVE This study examined the factors associated with service utilization for mental health conditions among Latino and Asian non-U.S. citizens in the United States by service type and race. METHODS Data were obtained from the National Latino and Asian American Study (NLAAS). The sample for this study was 849 Latino ...
Lavdas Spyros - - 2013
We study the generation of parabolic self-similar optical pulses in tapered Si photonic nanowires (Si-PhNWs) at both telecom (λ=1.55  μm) and mid-infrared (λ=2.2  μm) wavelengths. Our computational study is based on a rigorous theoretical model, which fully describes the influence of linear and nonlinear optical effects on pulse propagation in Si-PhNWs with ...
Chen Y - - 2013
We report UV four-wave mixing in the LP<sub>02</sub> mode of a photonic crystal fiber when pumped by a frequency-doubled 532 nm microchip laser in the normal dispersion regime. A pure LP<sub>02</sub> mode was generated for the pump light by a broadband all-fiber mode converter. Ultraviolet signal wavelengths as short as 342 nm ...
Miyazaki Yasuhiro - - 2013
The concentration of ghrelin, which can affect body weight by influencing appetite, is thought to decrease after sleeve gastrectomy. However, no detailed investigations have examined ghrelin expression in the stomach. The purpose of the present study was to assess localized ghrelin expression and its clinical significance in obese patients. A ...
Nassar K - - 2013
Detection of patients with vertebral fracture is similar for areal bone mineral density (aBMD) and trabecular bone score (TBS) in patients with non-vertebral fracture. In non-osteoporotic patients, TBS adds information to lumbar spine aBMD and is related to an index of spine deterioration. Vertebral fractures (VFs) are more predictive of ...
Langella Francesca - - 2013
Phytoremediation is an environmental friendly, cost-effective technology for a soft restoration of abandoned mine sites. The grasses Agrostis capillaris, Deschampsia flexuosa and Festuca rubra, and the annual herb Helianthus annuus were combined with microbial consortia in pot experiments on multi-metal polluted substrates collected at a former uranium mine near Ronneburg, ...
Schulz A - - 2013
Most patients who attend orthopedic trauma surgery practices present with pain of the musculoskeletal system which can significantly affect the quality of life. For most patients the reason for the pain is quite obvious and can be easily addressed; however, for other patients the mechanism responsible for the pain remains ...
Luce John M - - 2013
Increasing numbers of patients survive traumatic brain injury and cardiopulmonary arrest and resuscitation and are admitted to the ICU while in coma. Some of these patients become brain dead; others regain consciousness. Still others become vegetative or minimally conscious, conditions called chronic disorders of consciousness and ultimately can be cared ...
Okubo Akiko - - 2013
It has been reported that pulsations in abnormal vessels are observed on indocyanine green (ICG) angiography in half of patients with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV), although the mechanism of the pulsation is unknown. In this study, we report a case of PCV showing venous pulsations at an arterio-venous (A-V) crossing, ...
Maestri Giovanni - - 2013
Open-shell mechanisms are often at work in catalytic sequences involving first-row transition metals while usually not considered in palladium chemistry. Herein a computational study suggests their possible relevance in catalytic methods involving paramagnetic Pd(iii) intermediates. Indeed C-C bond forming reductive elimination previously thought to occur in Pd(iv) complexes has lower ...
Lal Shalini - - 2013
OBJECTIVE The authors conducted a review of the literature on e-mental health, including its applications, strengths, limitations, and evidence base. METHODS The rapid review approach, an emerging type of knowledge synthesis, was used in response to a request for information from policy makers. MEDLINE was searched from 2005 to 2010 ...
Ferrante Jeanne M - - 2013
Chinese translation BACKGROUND: Utilization of primary care may decrease colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence and death through greater receipt of CRC screening tests. To examine the association of primary care utilization with CRC incidence, CRC deaths, and all-cause mortality. Population-based, case-control study. Medicare program. Persons aged 67 to 85 years diagnosed ...
Batra Jyoti - - 2013
The thermotolerant yeast Pichia etchellsii produces multiple cell bound β-glucosidases that can be used for synthesis of important alkyl- and aryl-glucosides. Present work focuses on enhancement of β-glucosidase I (BGLI) production in Pichia pastoris. In the first step, one-factor-at-a-time experimentation was used to investigate the effect of aeration, antifoam addition, ...
Chi Yuejie - - 2013
We explain a technique that recovers the structure and the modal weights of spatial modes of lasers from a limited number of spatial coherence measurements. Our approach interpolates the unobserved spatial coherence measurements via the low-rank matrix completion algorithm based on nuclear norm minimization and then extracts the set of ...
Hu Nian-Ze - - 2013
Many medical centers in Taiwan have started to provide Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) services for hospitalized patients. Due to the complexity of TCM modality and the increasing need for providing TCM services for patients in different wards at distantly separate locations within the hospital, it is getting difficult to manage ...
Hsu Po-Kuei - - 2013
The impact of minimally invasive esophagectomy on patient prognosis, particularly disease-free survival (DFS), has not been well addressed. We compared the clinical outcomes of open and thoracoscopic esophagectomy in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Sixty-three and 66 patients, nonrandomized, underwent open and thoracoscopic esophagectomies for ESCC between 2008 ...
Zendejas Benjamin - - 2013
Botulinum toxin A (BTX) confers flaccid paralysis and pain modulation when injected into a muscle. We hypothesized that long-term paralysis of the abdominal wall musculature (i.e., chemical component paralysis, CCP) would benefit incisional hernia repair (IHR) by decreasing postoperative pain, the use of opioid analgesia, and thus opioid-related side effects. ...
Sundararajan S R - - 2013
We hereby describe a cost effective and simple anatomical reconstruction without requirement for allograft or implants for neglected chronic patellar tendon injuries. This has been validated in seven patients with an average follow up of greater than three years resulting in good outcome. Seven patients (six males, one female) of ...
Quax Rogier A - - 2013
Glucocorticoids regulate many physiological processes and have an essential role in the systemic response to stress. For example, gene transcription is modulated by the glucocorticoid-glucocorticoid receptor complex via several mechanisms. The ultimate biologic responses to glucocorticoids are determined by not only the concentration of glucocorticoids but also the differences between ...
Khalili-Araghi Fatemeh F Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Gordon Center for Integrative Science, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL - - 2013
A computational method is developed to allow molecular dynamics simulations of biomembrane systems under realistic ionic gradients and asymmetric salt concentrations while maintaining the conventional periodic boundary conditions required to minimize finite-size effects in an all-atom explicit solvent representation. The method, which consists of introducing a nonperiodic energy step acting ...
Corbellini Silvia - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to analyze isolates of Clostridium difficile from patients with nosocomial acquired infection in respect to their molecular type and antimicrobial susceptibility. Fifty-nine randomly selected clinical isolates were characterized. Molecular typing was performed by rep-PCR (DiversiLab). Isolates were tested by disk diffusion towards 11 different ...
Xavier Stephanie P - - 2013
Notch pathway genes have been implicated in the commitment of mesenchymal cells to a wool follicle cell fate. Notch1 and Delta1 transcripts were quantified in fetal skin of fine-woolled (Merino) and strong-woolled (Tukidale) sheep at two time points: either preceding (d56) or during (d70) the first wave of follicle initiation. ...
Graham Laura S LS Department of Immunology/Microbiology, Rush University Medical Center , Chicago, - - 2013
Bacterial vaginosis (BV), a common condition in women, is associated with increased shedding of HIV in the female genital tract. While the Lactobacillus species that comprise a healthy vaginal microbiota produce lactic acid, the bacteria common in BV produce high concentrations of short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) and succinic acid. ...
Meiser Bettina - - 2013
This study assessed the sociodemographic, medical and psychological predictors of accuracy of perceived risk in women at increased genetic risk for ovarian cancer. Women participating in a large cohort study who were at increased risk of ovarian and fallopian tube cancer, had no personal history of cancer and had ≥1 ...
Devocht James W - - 2013
Temporomandibular pain has multiple etiologies and a range of therapeutic options. In this pilot study, the authors assessed the feasibility of conducting a larger trial to evaluate chiropractic treatment of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). The authors assigned 80 participants randomly into one of the following four groups, all of which included ...
Kwasniewska Jolanta - - 2013
The aim of this study was to perform a comparative investigation of the actions of three mutagens that are widely used in plant mutagenesis using the comet-FISH technique. The comet-FISH technique was used for the analysis of DNA damage and the kinetics of repair within specific DNA sequences. FISH with ...
Momoh Adeyiza O AO Section of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, The University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA, - - 2014
To conduct a systematic review of the literature to assess outcomes data on complications associated with implant-based breast reconstruction performed before or after chest wall radiation to assist in guiding the decision-making process for reconstruction of the irradiated breast. Studies from a PubMed search that met predetermined inclusion criteria were ...
Endre Zoltán H - - 2013
Assessment of acute kidney biomarkers against changes in plasma creatinine is beset by issues of heterogeneity of study cohorts and timing of sampling. Siew and colleagues attempt to minimize these issues in a case-control study of three biomarkers in the intensive care unit. The results highlight the inherent methodological difficulties ...
Mager Diana R - - 2013
Home healthcare (HHC) agencies and schools of nursing (SONs) share the mutual goal of using evidence-based knowledge to deliver care while fostering a professionally stimulating environment. As HHC agencies strive to deliver clinically effective, cost-efficient, patient-centered nursing care, SONs use scholarly methods to develop sound practitioners with investigative skills. Collaborations ...
Yang Feng - - 2013
A high efficiency and high peak power picosecond (ps) mid-infrared optical parametric amplifier with a new nonlinear crystal BaGa<sub>4</sub>Se<sub>7</sub> pumped by a 30 ps 1064 nm Nd:YAG laser is demonstrated for the first time. The maximum photon conversion efficiency of 56% from 1064 nm to 3.9 μm idler has been achieved at the pump ...
Wang Pengfei - - 2013
In this Letter, an all-fiber refractometer with a simple configuration of periodical tapers on a photonic crystal fiber (PCF) is proposed and investigated experimentally. The proposed fiber refractive index (RI) sensor consists of a PCF sandwiched between two standard single-mode fibers, with tapers periodically fabricated along the PCF using a ...
Freitag Frederick G - - 2013
Headache is among the most common disabling pain complaints. While many patients are managed in primary care or referral neurology practices, some patients have refractive situations that necessitate referral to a tertiary headache center. Increasing frequency of headache is strongly associated with increasing disability and workplace absenteeism as well as ...
de Boer Betteco J - - 2013
In the current study, we examined whether coupling influences resulting from unintended afference-based phase entrainment are affected by movement amplitude as such or by the amplitude relation between the limbs. We assessed entrainment strength by studying how passive movements of the contralateral hand influenced unimanual coordination with a metronome. Results ...
Clausen Torben - - 2013
During excitation, muscle cells gain Na(+) and lose K(+), leading to a rise in extracellular K(+) ([K(+)]o), depolarization, and loss of excitability. Recent studies support the idea that these events are important causes of muscle fatigue and that full use of the Na(+),K(+)-ATPase (also known as the Na(+),K(+) pump) is ...
Lakhan Shaheen E - - 2013
A 27-year-old man with cholestasis presented with 4 weeks of progressive spastic quadriparesis and hypophonia. MRI revealed T2/fluid-attenuated inversion recovery hyperintensities in the basal ganglia and thalamus (figure 1). He was treated with IV methylprednisolone for acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. His condition worsened. MRI 4 weeks later showed larger symmetric hyperintensities ...
Srivatstava Akanksha - - 2013
Adherence and colonization of Candida albicans on tissue conditioners is common and results in irritation of the denture-bearing mucosa. The purpose of this study was to investigate the antifungal activity and properties of a tissue conditioner by incorporating origanum oil. Origanum oil at varying concentrations was incorporated into a poly(methyl ...
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