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Nicolay Pascal - - 2013
The design of wireless SAW sensors for hightemperature applications requires accurate knowledge of the constitutive materials' physical properties in the desired temperature range. In particular, it is crucial to use reliable temperature coefficients of the stiffness, piezoelectric, dielectric, and expansion constants of the propagation medium to achieve correct simulations of ...
Kang Richard W - - 2013
The lead shoulder of a batter's swing can undergo tremendous forces, especially when a pitch is missed. Repetitive loads on the shoulder in this setting can lead to posterior instability also known as batter's shoulder. This article reviews the pathomechanics, clinical presentation, imaging, treatment options, and initial clinical results of ...
Mori Kohsuke - - 2013
As-synthesized Pd/MCM-41 and Au/MCM-41 including the residual SDA organic templates, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTABr), within the mesoporous channels exhibit superior catalytic activities than the conventionally calcined ones without templates, owing to the stabilizing effect of metal nanoparticles, concentration effect of organic substrates and co-catalyst effect due to the basic properties.
Yadav Akhilesh K - - 2013
Here, two simple and accurate methods, namely high-performance liquid chromatography and high-performance thin-layer chromatography for the detection of gangenoid, an anti-inflammatory alkaloid, in a well-known Indian medicinal plant Desmodium gangeticum, are described. The proposed methods were successfully used for the estimation of gangenoid in D. gangeticum root.
Wilde Mary H MH Mary H. Wilde, RN, PhD, is a Principal Investigator, School of Nursing, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York. Feng Zhang, RN, BS, is a MS/PhD Student and Research Assistant School of Nursing, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York. Eileen Fairbanks, RN, MS, PNP, is a Study Coordinator, School of Nursing, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York. Shivani Shah, MPH, is a Research Analyst, Visiting Nurse Service of New York, Center for Home Care Policy and Research, New York City, New York. Margaret V. McDonald, MSW, is the Associate Director of Research Studies, Visiting Nurse Service of New York, Center for Home Care Policy and Research, New York City, New York. Judith Brasch, RN, MS, is a Data Analyst, School of Nursing, University of Rochester, Rochester, New - - 2013
A long-term indwelling urinary catheter intervention was tested in a randomized trial that is described in this article. The perceived value of the intervention to the catheter users, one of the study's specific aims, was assessed at the end of their 12-month participation and is reported here. Study participants' responses, ...
Kaminer Ido - - 2013
We present a new optimization concept for 3D multiphoton fluorescence microscopy by finding the optimal excitation beam giving rise to the smallest possible light-emitting volume or the highest possible signal to noise ratio (SNR).
Bhogal Pervinder - - 2013
Imaging plays an important role in the diagnosis and management of dementia. This review covers the imaging features of the most common dementing illnesses: Alzheimer's disease (AD), vascular dementia (VaD), dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD). It describes typical findings on structural neuroimaging and discusses functional ...
Aouida Mustapha - - 2013
The development of highly efficient genome engineering reagents is of paramount importance to launch the next wave of biotechnology. TAL effectors have been developed as an adaptable DNA binding scaffold that can be engineered to bind to any user-defined sequence. Thus, TAL-based DNA binding modules have been used to generate ...
Muñoz-Castañeda Rodrigo - - 2013
Nitric oxide (NO) is a messenger synthesized in both the neuronal and glial populations by nitric oxide synthase type 1 (NOS1). Nicotine regulates NO production in a sex-dependent manner, both molecules being involved in motor function. The present study evaluates sex differences in motor coordination, general movement, and anxiety-related responses ...
Jiang Chunping - - 2013
Liver resection represents a most effective treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The extent of hepatectomy for HCC involves maintaining a tricky balance between radical resection of tumors and preservation of sufficient liver parenchyma. Generally, removal of the right hepatic vein often involves resection of the whole posterior right lobe, which ...
Di Cesare Angela - - 2013
In the past years, canine and human cases of infestation by Dirofilaria repens (Spirurida, Onchocercidae) have been increasingly reported in several European countries. Subcutaneous dirofilariosis by D. repens may either be asymptomatic in dogs or may be characterized by subcutaneous nodules and other symptoms. Information on the periodicity of D. ...
Xin Xukai - - 2013
By combining the ease of producing ZnO nanoflowers with the advantageous chemical stability of TiO2, hierarchically structured hollow TiO2 flower-like clusters were yielded via chemical bath deposition (CBD) of ZnO nanoflowers, followed by their conversion into TiO2 flower-like clusters in the presence of TiO2 precursors. The effects of ZnO precursor ...
Suri Rakesh M RM Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN. Electronic address: - - 2013
To determine whether technically innovative cardiac surgical platforms (ie, robotics) deployed in conjunction with surgical process improvement (systems innovation) influence total hospital costs to address the concern that expanding adoption might increase health care expenses. We studied 185 propensity-matched patient pairs (370 patients) undergoing isolated conventional open vs robotic mitral ...
Caldieraro Marco Antonio - - 2013
The best classification of depressive disorders is still to be established. A melancholic subtype has a lengthy history, and recent research demonstrates its relevance. This study compares the prevalence of psychotic symptoms in nonmelancholic and melancholic depression and assesses whether there is a dimensional pattern in the severity of symptoms ...
Vayá Ignacio - - 2013
The photooxygenation of model compounds containing the two enantiomers of naproxen (NPX) covalently linked to histidine (His), tryptophan (Trp) and tyrosine (Tyr) has been investigated by steady state irradiation, fluorescence spectroscopy and laser flash photolysis. The NPX-His systems presented the highest oxygen-mediated photoreactivity. Their fluorescence spectra matched that of isolated ...
Lim Eun-Hae - - 2013
To identify the unique pathologic findings of retinal angiomatous proliferation (RAP) in optical coherence tomography (OCT). Retrospectively, 29 eyes of 25 patients with age-related macular degeneration and complicated RAP were analyzed. All 29 eyes had choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in the area of pigment epithelial detachment (PED) or adjacent to it, ...
Ahern Christine M - - 2013
The numbers of learners seeking placements in general practice is rapidly increasing as an ageing workforce impacts on General Practitioner availability. The traditional master apprentice model that involves one-to-one teaching is therefore leading to supervision capacity constraints. Vertically integrated (VI) models may provide a solution. Shared learning, in which multiple ...
Yao Chengyun - - 2013
Breast cancer during lactation is very rare, accounting for <3 % of all breast cancers. Its diagnosis and treatment is often delayed during pregnancy. We report a case of female lactating breast carcinoma in a 29-year old patient. The disease was stage IIIB (T4N1M0). The patient received preoperative induction chemotherapy and ...
Domenjoud Mathieu - - 2013
Recently, a second-order formalism of piezoelectric structures under an external mechanical stress was developed. Because the yield strength of lithium niobate was unknown, this study was not able to describe and evaluate realistic benefits of a prestress load on electromechanical properties. Therefore, in this study, experimental determination of the yield ...
Michelotti Gregory A - - 2013
NAFLD affects a large proportion of the US population and its incidence and prevalence are increasing to epidemic proportions around the world. As with other liver diseases that cause cirrhosis, NAFLD increases the risk of liver cancer, a disease with poor outcomes and limited therapeutic options. The incidences of hepatocellular ...
Lazaroff Alan - - 2013
The high costs of American health care, the related problem of the uninsured, and the grim fiscal prognosis of Medicare and Medicaid are among the most pressing challenges facing the United States today. A solution to the cost problem that does not reduce access or quality is sought by those ...
Treeby Bradley - - 2013
Simulating the propagation of nonlinear ultrasound waves is computationally difficult because of the dense grids needed to capture high-frequency harmonics. Here, a mapped k-space pseudospectral method is presented which allows the use of nonuniform grid spacings. This enables grid points to be clustered around steep regions of the wave field. ...
Kahn Estelle - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To determine whether teledermatology referrals yield a shorter time to biopsy of the most common types of skin cancer versus conventional dermatology referrals. Subjects and Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed of California's Central Valley Kaiser Permanente conventional dermatology or teledermatology referrals that yielded a positive skin ...
Khan Saeed - - 2013
High-speed, tunable integrated silicon photonic delay lines are demonstrated by cascading complementary apodized silicon grating waveguides. The cascaded grating waveguides, with inward and outward super-Gaussian apodization profiles, compensate each other's dispersion and allow high-speed operation. Characterization of the compact delay lines shows that they have low loss, offer true time ...
Weinmann Amy S - - 2013
Following antigenic stimulation, CD4(+) T cells have the potential to differentiate into a number of specialized effector cell subtypes. To date, much progress has been made in defining the basic molecular mechanisms that regulate initial helper T-cell differentiation decisions. Emerging research in the field is now uncovering more complexity in ...
Keijzers Gerben B - - 2013
This study prospectively evaluated in-hospital and postdischarge missed injury rates in admitted trauma patients, before and after the formalisation of a trauma tertiary survey (TTS) procedure. Prospective before-and-after cohort study. TTS were formalised in a single regional level II trauma hospital in November 2009. All multitrauma patients admitted between March-October ...
Aoki Nobuyuki - - 2013
A system for continuous generation and analysis of formaldehyde (HCHO) in a nitrogen gas mixture prepared using a permeation method was fabricated in order to evaluate the permeability of HCHO and water (H2O) through a permeation tube. Specifically, the mass balance of HCHO and H2O through a permeation tube was ...
Oftadeh M - - 2013
Accurate quantum chemical computations based on density functional theory (DFT) were performed on the series of 2-(4-(naphthalen-2-yl)-1,2,3-thiadiazol-5-ylthio)-N-acetamide (TTA) derivatives. The local reactivity of the acetamide derivatives as anti-HIV drugs were studied in terms of Fukui functions in the framework of DFT. The results based on the basis set superposition error ...
Wu Bechien U - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:Pancreatic cystic neoplasms (PCNs) are being detected with increased frequency. The aims of this study were to determine the incidence of malignancy and develop an imaging-based system for prediction of malignancy in PCN.METHODS:We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients ≥18 years of age with confirmed PCN from January 2005 ...
Qarri Flora - - 2013
For the first time, the moss biomonitoring technique and inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometric (ICP-AES) analytical technique were applied to study multi-element atmospheric deposition in Albania. Moss samples (Hypnum cupressiforme) were collected during the summer of 2011 and September-October 2010 from 62 sites, evenly distributed over the country. Sampling was ...
Roberts Jason R - - 2013
Endoscopy plays an important role in both the diagnosis and the initial management of recurrent acute pancreatitis, as well as the investigation of refractory disease, but it has known limitations and risks. Sound selective use of these therapies, complemented with other lines of investigation such as genetic testing, can dramatically ...
Manig M - - 2013
The clinical course of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD) is variable. Diagnosis, nonsurgical and surgical methods of treatment have evolved over many decades, from abduction casts and braces to advanced surgical containment methods which are now the mainstay of treatment. This article presents a general view and a critical evaluation of the ...
Hanania Nicola A - - 2013
The goals of management of COPD include reducing exposure to risk factors; improving lung function, exercise tolerance, and quality of life; and decreasing exacerbations and mortality. Pharmacologic treatments, such as inhaled β2-agonists, anticholinergics, and inhaled corticosteroids, are widely used to help achieve these goals. In addition to efficacy, medication safety ...
Caciari Tiziana T University of Rome "Sapienza" - Department of Anatomy, Histology, Medical-Legal and the Orthopedics, Unit of Occupational Medicine, Rome, - - 2013
The aim of our study is to verify whether the exposure to low Ni doses in urban air may have some effects on the prolactin values of outdoor workers exposed to urban pollutants. 334 workers have been included in the study and divided on the basis of gender, job, age, ...
Kruijff Schelto - - 2013
The histopathological criteria for carcinoma proposed by the World Health Organization (WHO) are imperfect predictors of the malignant potential of parathyroid tumors. Negative parafibromin (PF) and positive protein gene product 9.5 (PGP9.5) staining are markers of CDC73 mutation and occur commonly in carcinoma but rarely in adenomas. We investigated whether ...
Wagner Jason - - 2013
Strains on the capacities of intensive care units (ICUs) may influence the quality of ICU-to-floor transitions. To determine how 3 metrics of ICU capacity strain (ICU census, new admissions, and average acuity) measured on days of patient discharges influence ICU length of stay (LOS) and post-ICU discharge outcomes. Retrospective cohort ...
Cha Minseok - - 2013
Caldicellulosiruptor bescii is an anaerobic thermophilic bacterium of special interest for use in the consolidated bioprocessing of plant biomass to biofuels. In the course of experiments to engineer pyruvate metabolism in C. bescii, we isolated a mutant of C. bescii that contained an insertion in the L-lactate dehydrogenase gene (ldh). ...
Barankov Roman - - 2013
We demonstrate a technique for instantaneous measurements of surface topography based on the combination of a partitioned aperture wavefront imager with a lamp-based reflection microscope using standard objectives. The technique can operate at video rate over large fields of view, and provides nanometer axial resolution and submicrometer lateral resolution. We ...
Yin Huabin - - 2013
A retrospective study of 32 patients with osteoblastoma (OBL) in the mobile spine was performed to analyze the clinical characteristics of two types of spinal OBL. We also aimed to find influential factors for OBL in the mobile spine. Between 2002 and 2011, 32 patients with either conventional osteoblastoma (CO) ...
Masajada Jan - - 2013
Holographic optical tweezers were used to show the interaction between a strongly focused laser beam and magnetic nanoparticles in ferrofluid. When the light intensity was high enough, magnetic nanoparticles were removed from the beam center and formed a dark ring. The same behavior was observed when focusing vortex or Bessel ...
Rehman S - - 2013
Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP) is performed increasingly for pancreatic pathology in the body and tail of the pancreas. However, only few reports have compared its oncological efficacy with open distal pancreatectomy (ODP). We compared these two techniques in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. From a prospectively maintained database, all patients ...
Alvheim Anita Røyneberg - - 2013
Dietary intake of linoleic acid (LNA, 18:2n-6) has increased dramatically during the 20th century and is associated with greater prevalence of obesity. The endocannabinoid system is involved in regulation of energy balance and a sustained hyperactivity of the endocannabinoid system may contribute to obesity. Arachidonic acid (ARA, 20:4n-6) is the ...
Calmettes Guillaume - - 2013
In mammalian tumor cell lines, localization of hexokinase (HK) isoforms to the cytoplasm or mitochondria has been shown to control their anabolic (glycogen synthesis) and catabolic (glycolysis) activities. In this study, we examined whether HK isoform differences could explain the markedly different metabolic profiles between normal adult and neonatal cardiac ...
Damert Hans-Georg - - 2013
Anterior interosseous nerve syndrome (Nevin-Kiloh syndrome) is a rare entity caused by compression of the purely motor anterior interosseous nerve in the forearm. Historically, conventional surgical treatment has consisted of open decompression of the nerve. Unfortunately, open decompression is often complicated by scarring and significant morbidity. Endoscopic decompression is an ...
Luke Courtney T - - 2013
Hairless (HR) is a nuclear protein with corepressor activity that is highly expressed in the skin and hair follicle. Mutations in Hairless lead to hair loss accompanied by the appearance of papules (atrichia with papular lesions), and similar phenotypes appear when the key polyamine enzymes ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) and spermidine/spermine ...
Kalaszczynska Ilona - - 2013
It is expected that use of adult multipotential mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for bone tissue engineering (TE) will lead to improvement of TE products. Prior to clinical application, biocompatibility of bone TE products need to be tested in vitro and in vivo. In orthopedic research, sheep are a well-accepted model ...
Daniel Matej - - 2013
Effective lubrication of synovial joints is important to prevent cartilage degeneration and to keep the joints healthy. This paper sets out the basics of engineering lubrication with respect to the composition and properties of synovial fluid constituents. Two basic types of boundary lubrication are discussed: the presence of highly hydrophilic ...
Khosroabadi Akram A - - 2013
The effective medium approximation is used to determine the optical constants of novel silver (Ag)/indium-tin oxide (ITO) multilayer nanopillar structures within the 300-800 nm wavelength range. The structures are modeled as inclusions in air with the pillar volume fraction at 42.4%, agreeing with SEM images of the sample. The simulated reflection ...
Wang Chen - - 2013
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play critical regulatory roles mainly through cleaving their target mRNAs or repressing gene translation during plant development. Grapevines are among the most economically important fruit crops with available whole genome sequences. Studies on grapevine miRNAs (Vv-miRNAs) are also widely available. However, studies on the regulation mode of Vv-miRNAs ...
Harwood B - - 2013
Many tasks require synergistic activation of muscles that possess different architectural, mechanical, and neural control properties. However, investigations of the motor unit (MU) mechanisms which modulate force are mostly restricted to individual muscles and low forces. To explore the pattern of MU recruitment and discharge behavior among three elbow extensors ...
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