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Kartashov Yaroslav V - - 2013
We address Anderson localization in disordered honeycomb photonic lattices and show that the localization process is strongly affected by the spectral position of the input wavepacket within the first Brillouin zone of the lattice. In spite of the fact that in regular lattices expansion of the beam is much stronger ...
Denny M Carter - - 2013
Sarcoidosis is a granulomatous disease of unclear etiology, which commonly presents with cough, dyspnea, chest pain, fever, weight loss, arthralgias, and erythema nodosum. Heerfordt-Waldenström syndrome, a rare presentation of sarcoidosis, is characterized by the presence of parotid gland enlargement, facial palsy, anterior uveitis, and fever. Here we present a case ...
Kang Dawon - - 2013
The goal of this study was to determine the molecular identity of a small-conductance (~5-pS) background K(+) channel expressed in trigeminal ganglion (TG) neurons. We tested the hypothesis that the 5-pS channel is a K2P channel by comparing the pharmacological and single-channel properties of THIK-1 expressed in HEK293 cells. As ...
Zulman Donna M - - 2013
Multimorbidity-the presence of multiple chronic conditions in a patient-has a profound impact on health, health care utilization, and associated costs. Definitions of multimorbidity in clinical care and research have evolved over time, initially focusing on a patient's number of comorbidities and the associated magnitude of required care processes, and later ...
Seyam Raouf - - 2013
A better understanding of ejaculatory disorders has led to an increasing interest in nonpremature ejaculatory dysfunction (non-PE EjD). Current reviews on the subject use a symptom-based classification to describe ejaculatory dysfunction even when it is a single case report. While these reviews provide important information on the disorder, a clearer ...
Née Guillaume - - 2013
In chloroplasts, redox regulation of enzyme activities by thioredoxins (TRX) allows the coordination of light-dark metabolisms such as the reductive (so-called Calvin-Benson) and the oxidative pentose phosphate pathways (OPPP). While the molecular mechanisms underlying the redox regulation of several TRX-regulated enzymes have been investigated in detail only partial information was ...
- - 2013
The Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine acknowledges the following individuals for volunteering to review abstract and case study submissions for the CAP '13 meeting.
Ma Li-Jung - - 2013
Despite recent improvements in the diagnosis and treatment, the final outcomes in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinomas (NPC) still remain suboptimal. Through data mining from published transcriptomic database with further bioinformatic validation, fibronectin (FN1) was identified as a differentially upregulated gene in NPC tissues, which implicates the transition from epithelial to ...
Arbabi Amir - - 2013
We present a method for determining the core and cladding refractive indices of a microring resonator from its measured quasi-transverse electric and magnetic resonant modes. We use single wavelength reflective microrings to resolve the azimuthal order ambiguity of the measured resonances. We perform accurate electromagnetic simulations to model the dependence ...
Han J - - 2013
Myostatin, which is also known as growth and differentiation factor 8 (GDF8), acts as a negative regulator of skeletal muscle growth. Variation in the myostatin gene (MSTN) has been associated with variation in muscularity in many animals including sheep. Polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformational polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) analysis was used to ...
Chen Jun - - 2013
We captured stable self-oscillations of a toroidal bubble moving away from a laser propelled cavity object in water using a high-speed imaging system. The entire laser propelling process generates a hemispherical bubble, two toroidal bubbles, and a microbubble cluster. The hemispherical bubble is formed by laser breakdown in water. The ...
Ma Zong-Wei - - 2013
An optical technique is proposed for the accurate calibration of pulsed high magnetic fields utilizing the magnetic field dependent photoluminescence (PL) properties in an Er<sup>3+</sup>:YVO<sub>4</sub> single crystal at 80 K. Bright green PL emissions are excited by a 487.5 nm laser line and can be enhanced greatly by a magnetic field at ...
Diniz Paulo H C - - 2013
GABA is an inhibitory neurotransmitter that appears to be associated with the action of volatile anesthetics. These anesthetics potentiate GABA-induced postsynaptic currents by synaptic GABAA receptors, although recent evidence suggests that these agents also significantly affect extrasynaptic GABA receptors. However, the effect of volatile anesthetics on the extracellular concentration of ...
Lang Katherine - - 2013
People who inject drugs (PWID) often encounter barriers when attempting to access health care and social services. In our previous study conducted to identify barriers to accessing care from the perspective of PWIDs in Saskatoon, Canada: poverty, lack of personal support, discrimination, and poor knowledge and coordination of service providers ...
Borzekowski Dina L G - - 2013
Prosmoking messages, delivered through marketing and the media, can reach very young children and influence attitudes and behaviors around smoking. This study examined the reach of tobacco marketing to 5 and 6 year olds in 6 low- and middle-income countries. Researchers worked one-on-one with 5 and 6 year olds in ...
Nomura Takayoshi - - 2013
Extraoral maxillofacial rehabilitation for compromised or lost facial anatomy resulting from the surgical eradication of malignancy, trauma, or congenital anomalies is commonly accomplished with a silicone prosthesis. However, with increasing size and weight, a silicone prosthesis can lose retention. This report presents 2 patient treatments to introduce a fabrication and ...
Bandettini Di Poggio Monica - - 2013
The Brown-Vialetto-Van Laere syndrome (BVVLS) is a rare neurological disorder characterized by progressive pontobulbar palsy, sensorineural deafness and mixed spinal and upper motor neuropathy. Mutations in the C20orf54 gene have been linked to the disease and recently we reported the first Italian case of a BVVLS family with an intriguing ...
Dumonceau Jean-Marc - - 2013
Endoscopic therapy is recommended as the first-line therapy for painful chronic pancreatitis with an obstacle on the main pancreatic duct (MPD). The clinical response should be evaluated at 6 to 8 weeks. Calcified stones that obstruct the MPD are first treated by extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy; dominant MPD strictures are optimally treated ...
Salman Bulent - - 2013
Pancreatoblastoma is an extremely rare pancreatic neoplasm in adults. The aim of this study is to report our experience with adult pancreatoblastoma as well as review the cases reported in the literature in order to provide guidelines for the management of patients with this rare neoplasm. We have encountered three ...
Sigruener Alexander - - 2013
Keratinocyte sphingolipids are structural elements of epidermal permeability barrier and potential regulators of epidermal functions. We tested the influence of sphingoid bases sphinganine, sphingosine and phytosphingosine on in vitro keratinocyte differentiation. Lipidomic and transcriptomic analysis after treatment emphasizes sphinganine and phytosphingosine as potent modulators of keratinocyte differentiation and lipid metabolism. ...
Hosey Geoff - - 2013
Contact with people, both familiar (e.g., caretakers) and unfamiliar (e.g., members of the public), is a significant part of the lives of nonhuman animals in zoos. The available empirical evidence shows that in many cases this contact represents a source of stress to the animals, although there is sufficient overall ...
Vilkomerson David - - 2013
The signal backscattered by blood cells crossing a sample volume produces a Doppler power spectrum determined by the scatterers¿ velocity distribution. Because of intrinsic spectral broadening, the peak Doppler frequency observed does not correspond to the peak velocity in the flow. Several methods have been proposed for estimating the maximum ...
Mironov Vladimir A - - 2013
Chromoprotein asFP595 and its A143G variant called kindling fluorescent protein (KFP) are among the chronologically first species for which trans-cis chromophore isomerization has been proposed as a driving force of photoswitching. In spite of long-lasting efforts to characterize the route between protein conformations referring to the trans and cis forms ...
Chambers Lauchlan - - 2013
A complex interplay exists between the static and dynamic stabilizers in the glenohumeral joint, especially in overheard athletes who need a shoulder hypermobile enough to perform overhead activity yet stable enough to prevent joint subluxation. Concomitant shoulder pathologies commonly occur in the setting of microinstability and internal impingement. Before any ...
Rajasärkkä Johanna - - 2013
The first Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast bioreporter for analysis of a single endocrine disrupting compound, bisphenol A (BPA), was developed. The bioreporter contains mutated human estrogen receptor α (hERα), called bisphenol A-targeted receptor (BPA-R). The BPA-R bioreporter was characterized with mixtures of estrogenic chemicals and tested with spiked influent waste water ...
Rangamani Padmini - - 2013
Large scale changes to lipid bilayer shapes are well represented by the Helfrich model. However, there are membrane processes that take place at smaller length scales that this model cannot address. In this work, we present a one-dimensional continuum model that captures the mechanics of the lipid bilayer membrane at ...
Labruyère Alexis - - 2013
We generated a broad spectrum of light between 1064 and 1300 nm in the infrared by cascading stimulated Raman scattering in a potassium titanyl phosphate crystal while broadband conversion of the infrared Raman cascade was simultaneously achieved in the visible through second-harmonic generation (SHG) and sum-frequency mixing. We observed that odd- ...
Coppola N - - 2013
The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the role of IL28-B polymorphism in the clearance of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV)/HCV coinfection during a long-term follow-up. Thirty-four consecutive patients with HBV surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive/anti-HCV-positive chronic hepatitis were retrospectively enrolled at their first liver biopsy ...
Goodman O B OB - - 2013
Background:Visceral disease, non-nodal soft-tissue metastases predominantly involving the lung and liver, is a negative prognostic factor in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). An exploratory analysis of COU-AA-301 assessed whether abiraterone acetate (AA) improved overall survival (OS) in mCRPC patients with visceral disease progressing post docetaxel.Methods:In COU-AA-301, post-docetaxel mCRPC ...
Wang Dong - - 2013
Certain thermoreceptor neurons are sensitive to tiny thermal fluctuations (0.01°C or less) and maintain their sensitivity across a wide range of ambient temperatures through a process of adaptation, but understanding of the biochemical basis for this performance is rudimentary. Prior studies of the AFD thermoreceptor in Caenorhabditis elegans revealed a ...
Karapolat I - - 2013
Aim: We aimed to investigate the relationship of fluor-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F FDG PET/CT) with clinical, laboratory parameters and conventional radiographs in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Patients, material, methods: 25 patients with RA diagnosis were evaluated by sociodemographic, clinical [duration of disease (year), the joints in ...
Kotzerke Kristina - - 2013
It has long been known that keratinocytes influence cutaneous immunity through secretion of soluble factors. Exosomes, small membrane vesicles of endocytotic origin, have been implicated in intercellular communication processes such as the transfer of tumor cell antigens and the activation of recipient dendritic cells (DC). However, little is known about ...
Llopis-Hernández Virginia V Center for Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de València , Valencia, Spain - - 2013
Protein remodeling at the cell-material interface is an important phenomenon that should be incorporated into the design of advanced biomaterials for tissue engineering. In this work, we address the relationship between fibronectin (FN) activity at the material interface and remodeling, including proteolytic cascades. To do so, we studied FN adsorption ...
Lufi Dubi - - 2013
Fifty-nine adults slept five nights with an Actigraph and answered two questionnaires related to sleeping quality and morningness/eveningness preferences. Next they performed a computerized attention task (the mathematics continuous performance test (MATH-CPT)) to assess various measures of attention. Results showed significant correlations between six attention variables and two measures of ...
Kim Jung-Yeul - - 2013
A 50-year-old man had undergone lumbar vertebral surgery and was confined to bed in the supine position for three months. When he sat up from the prolonged supine position, he showed clinical signs of orthostatic hypotension and reported decreased vision in both eyes. He also had underlying anemia. Ophthalmologic findings ...
Malfitano Anna Maria - - 2013
Considering the high selectivity at the cannabinoid CB2 receptor of recently designed 1,8-naphthyridine derivatives and the protective role of this receptor in neurological disorders, in this study we investigated the immune-modulatory and anti-inflammatory effects of these compounds as well as their potential properties of intestinal absorption and blood-brain barrier (BBB) ...
Marshall Teresa A - - 2013
Dietary intake of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has increased during the past 30 years, and SSB intake is associated with caries. SSBs vary in the quantity and nature of sugars they contain; however, all of the sugars are fermentable by oral bacteria and potentially cariogenic. Practical Implications. Oral health care practitioners ...
Kim Y - - 2013
Glass and glass/ceramics are now used in modern devices with increasing frequency. A list of the notable material properties commonly will not include a capability to guide ultrasonic waves. The photosensitive glass ceramics (PSGCs), an old invention with recent technological rebirth, may enable this capability. The speed of sound (SoS) ...
Christov Marta M 1] Endocrine Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA [2] Division of Nephrology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2013
Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is an important regulator of phosphate homeostasis, yet efforts to control its circulating levels by manipulating dietary phosphate intake in humans and animals with normal or impaired kidney function have yielded conflicting results. In the study by Zhang et al., severe phosphate restriction in a ...
Xing Jiejiang - - 2013
A compact rearrangeable nonblocking 4×4 silicon electro-optic switch matrix based on a Spanke-Beneš network is proposed and fabricated by a 0.18 μm standard commercial complementary metal-oxide semiconductor line. By respectively modulating the two modulation arms with a push-pull drive, a cross talk (CT) of less than -18  dB is obtained for the ...
Varlot Bastien - - 2013
We experimentally investigate the nonlinear reshaping of a continuous wave that leads to chirp-free and flat-top intense pulses or flaticons exhibiting strong temporal oscillations at their edges and a stable self-similar expansion upon propagation of their central region. This study was performed in the normal dispersion regime of a nonzero ...
Brasselet Etienne - - 2013
In a recent work [Opt. Lett.37, 4946 (2012)], the spin-to-orbital optical angular momentum conversion from a subwavelength slit having a circular shape has been reported. In particular, the conversion efficiency was claimed to be independent of the slit dichroism. Here, we correct such a statement and demonstrate that dichroism strongly ...
Aqai Payam - - 2013
A high-throughput bioaffinity liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (BioMS) approach was developed and applied for the screening and identification of recombinant human estrogen receptor α (ERα) ligands in dietary supplements. For screening, a semi-automated mass spectrometric ligand binding assay was developed applying (13)C2, (15) N-tamoxifen as non-radioactive label and fast ultra-high-performance-liquid chromatography-electrospray ionisation-triple-quadrupole-MS ...
Longhi Stefano - - 2013
Zak phase, that is, the Berry phase acquired during an adiabatic motion of a Bloch particle across the Brillouin zone, provides a measure of the topological invariant of Bloch bands in one-dimensional crystalline potentials. Here a photonic structure, based on engineered lattices of evanescently coupled optical waveguides, is proposed to ...
Nagashima Masabumi - - 2013
Conventional X-ray absorption contrast imaging does not depict soft tissues, such as cartilage, in sufficient detail. For visualization of the soft tissues, X-ray phase-contrast imaging is more sensitive than absorption-contrast imaging. The basic concept of the X-ray phase-contrast imaging used in this study is similar to that of differential interference ...
Mayer Deborah K - - 2013
The University of North Carolina is switching electronic health records (EHRs) next year, and the University of Michigan did so last year. Many others already have or will be adopting them for the first time. What is behind these recent efforts? In two words: meaningful use (see Figure 1). The ...
Yang Daobin - - 2013
An asymmetrically substituted squaraine ASQC bearing a 9-carbazyl substituent exhibits an extremely deep HOMO energy level of -5.46 eV and a relatively low bandgap of 1.65 eV, hence renders solution-processed organic solar cells with an impressive Voc of up to 1.12 V and a PCE of 2.82%.
Jensen Aaron R AR 1 Division of Pediatric Surgery, Children's Hospital Los Angeles , Los Angeles, - - 2013
Laparoscopic repair of congenital duodenal obstruction has become popularized over the past decade. Comparative data on outcomes, however, are sparse. We hypothesized that laparoscopic repair of congenital duodenal obstruction could be performed with similar outcomes to traditional open repair. Medical records for all cases of congenital duodenal obstruction from 2005 ...
Moal Iain H - - 2013
Protein-protein docking, which aims to predict the structure of a protein-protein complex from its unbound components, remains an unresolved challenge in structural bioinformatics. An important step is the ranking of docked poses using a scoring function, for which many methods have been developed. There is a need to explore the ...
Goh Jo Ling - - 2013
Object The goal of this study was to review the current literature on orthotic (helmet) therapy use in the treatment of deformational plagiocephaly. Methods PubMed was used to search English articles using the medical subject headings "deformational plagiocephaly" and "orthosis," and "deformational plagiocephaly" and "helmet." Results Forty-two articles were found. ...
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