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Jaeggi Susanne M - - 2013
Working memory (WM) training has recently become a topic of intense interest and controversy. Although several recent studies have reported near- and far-transfer effects as a result of training WM-related skills, others have failed to show far transfer, suggesting that generalization effects are elusive. Also, many of the earlier intervention ...
Newcomb Michael E - - 2013
Behavioral diaries for observation of health-related behaviors assume absence of reactivity (i.e., change in behavior resulting from observation), while self-monitoring diaries maximize reactivity for behavior change. Little is known about when and for whom behavioral diary studies become self-monitoring interventions. This study evaluated the moderating effects of social cognitive variables ...
Heidari Pedram - - 2013
Somatostatin receptors (SSTRs) are highly expressed in well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumors (NET). Octreotide, an SSTR agonist, has been used to suppress the production of vasoactive hormones and relieve symptoms of hormone hypersecretion with functional NETs. In a clinical trial, an empiric dose of octreotide treatment prolonged time to tumor progression in ...
Knecht Pascal B - - 2013
In this single-centre retrospective case review, we investigate the long-term follow-up of birdshot retinochoroiditis (BRC) patients, analysing the impact of early, vigorous, and prolonged treatment on the evolution of indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) signs and fundus appearance. Treatment delay was calculated for each BRC patient, and patients were classified into ...
Ozyol Erhan - - 2013
To evaluate surgically induced astigmatism (SIA) and axis deviation after coaxial microincision superotemporal clear corneal phacoemulsification incision in eyes with differently located steep axis. This prospective, comparative study included four groups of 45 eyes with age-related cataracts; each group underwent 2.2-mm superotemporal clear corneal incision (CCI) cataract surgery. The four ...
Gracitelli Carolina Pelegrini Barbosa - - 2013
The aim of this study is to assess the ability of non-ophthalmologist doctors to detect eyes with occludable angles using the flashlight test (FLT). For this study, a total of 45 patients were prospectively enrolled. After an ophthalmological examination all patients underwent FLT by two non-ophthalmologist examiners in a masked ...
Vilela Rubens C - - 2013
Endophthalmitis caused by fungi is commonly diagnosed around the world in apparently healthy and immunocompromised individuals. An accurate clinical diagnosis for endophthalmitis confirmed by laboratory techniques is essential for early treatment with antifungal drugs, such as amphotericin B, imidazoles, and other antifungals. Here, we review endophthalmitis caused by fungi according ...
Wang Yuguang - - 2013
Rhizobacteria inhabiting the rhizosphere are beneficial to their host plants, and can potentially serve as biocontrol agents to control plant diseases. We isolated the rhizobacterium strain GW-3, which was the dominant bacterium in the rhizosphere soils of healthy banana plants. Then, we constructed an expression system with a kanamycin resistance ...
Wiltsey Stirman Shannon - - 2013
OBJECTIVE This study identified modifications to an evidence-based psychosocial treatment (cognitive therapy) within a community mental health system after clinicians had received intensive training and consultation. METHODS A coding system, consisting of four types of contextual modifications, 12 types of content-related modifications, seven levels at which modifications can occur, and ...
Sharaiha Reem Z - - 2013
Pancreatic stenting for patients with obstructive pain secondary to a malignant pancreatic duct stricture is safe and effective, and should be considered a therapeutic option. Although pancreatic stenting does not seem to be effective for patients with chronic pain, it may be beneficial in those with obstructive type pains, pancreatic ...
Semansky Rafael M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE This study examined the extent to which state Medicaid agencies funded 16 services for children with autism spectrum disorders: individual therapy, physical and occupational therapy, in-home supports, speech therapy, diagnostic assessment, behavior modification, family therapy, case management, targeted case management, respite, day treatment, social skills training, habilitation services, treatment ...
Noparat Pongsak - - 2013
A biosurfactant-producing bacterium, isolate 2/3, was isolated from mangrove sediment in the south of Thailand. It was evaluated as a potential biosurfactant producer. The highest biosurfactant production (4.52 g/l) was obtained when the cells were grown on a minimal salt medium containing 25 % (v/v) palm oil decanter cake and 1 % (w/v) ...
Dorn Tina - - 2013
OBJECTIVE Research on the mental health of police detainees is scarce. This study aimed to identify the proportion of persons detained by the Police Service Amsterdam-Amstelland who screened positive for a serious mental condition. METHODS A survey conducted in 2009 among 264 randomly selected detainees assessed demographic characteristics and general ...
Cuddeback Gary S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE More research is needed about forensic assertive community treatment (FACT) and challenges that offenders with severe mental illness present to jail diversion and prison reentry teams. Jail diversion and prison reentry populations may require different interventions and strategies to engage and serve them. METHODS This study used data from ...
Varadarajulu Shyam - - 2013
Pancreatitis, whether acute or chronic, can lead to a plethora of complications, such as fluid collections, pseudocysts, fistulas, and necrosis, all of which are secondary to leakage of secretions from the pancreatic ductal system. Partial and side branch duct disruptions can be managed successfully by transpapillary pancreatic duct stent placement, ...
Lim Dooyoung - - 2013
OBJECTIVES This study examined national trends in antidepressant use before and after implementation of Medicare Part D and compared utilization among individuals with different types of insurance. METHODS The data source was the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Household Component (1997-2009), and logistic regression was used for the analysis. RESULTS The ...
Familiari Pietro - - 2013
Chronic pancreatitis (CP)-related common bile duct (CBD) strictures are more difficult to treat endoscopically compared with benign biliary strictures because of their nature, particularly in patients with calcific CP. Before any attempt at treatment, malignancy must be excluded. Single plastic stents can be used for immediate symptom relief and as ...
Roberts Jason R - - 2013
Endoscopy plays an important role in both the diagnosis and the initial management of recurrent acute pancreatitis, as well as the investigation of refractory disease, but it has known limitations and risks. Sound selective use of these therapies, complemented with other lines of investigation such as genetic testing, can dramatically ...
Kubiliun Nisa M - - 2013
Post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis is a common and potentially devastating complication of ERCP. Advances in risk stratification, patient selection, procedure technique, and prophylactic interventions have substantially improved the endoscopists' ability to prevent this complication. This article presents the evidence-based approaches to preventing post-ERCP pancreatitis and suggests timely research questions ...
Kuo Vincent C - - 2013
Acute pancreatitis represents numerous unique challenges to the practicing digestive disease specialist. Clinical presentations of acute pancreatitis vary from trivial pain to severe acute illness with a significant risk of death. Urgent endoscopic treatment of acute pancreatitis is considered when there is causal evidence of biliary pancreatitis. This article focuses ...
Pei Jinjin - - 2013
Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris is one of the most spoilage-causing bacteria in fruit juices. Control of A. acidoterrestris in fruit juices by bificin C6165 (Pei et al. in J Appl Microbiol 114(5):1273-1284, 2013), a bacteriocin produced by Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. animalis CICC 6165, was described in this study. Activity spectrum of bificin ...
Urias Barreras Cynthia M - - 2013
Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (CEOT) is a solid, locally aggressive, benign odontogenic neoplasm characterized by sheets and nests of polyhedral epithelial cells exhibiting eosinophilic and less often clear cytoplasm, occasional nuclear pleomorphism without mitotic activity, calcifications, and deposits of amyloid. A cystic variant has been reported only twice. Herein, we ...
Papa Anne-Laure - - 2013
Nanoencapsulation of chemotherapeutics is an established method to target breast tumors and has been shown to enhance the efficacy of therapy in various animal models. During the past two decades, the nucleoside analog Gemcitabine has been under investigation to treat both recalcitrant and localized breast cancer, often in combination with ...
Chen Kuang-Hueih - - 2013
It has been reported that Mitofusin2 (Mfn2) inhibits cell proliferation when overexpressed. We wanted to study the role of endogenous Mfn2 in cell proliferation, along with the structural features of Mfn2 that influence its mitochondrial localization and control of cell proliferation. Mfn2-knockdown clones of a B-cell lymphoma cell line BJAB ...
Couture Daniel E - - 2013
Object There has been a tremendous increase in the incidence of deformational plagiocephaly in children throughout the world. Therapeutic options include observation, active counterpositioning, external orthotics, and surgery. The current treatment in the US is highly debated, but it typically includes external orthotic helmets in patients with moderate to severe ...
Gump William C - - 2013
Molding helmet therapy is a widely accepted treatment for positional plagiocephaly that is generally considered to be low risk. Multiple large outcome studies have shown good results, but adverse events are rarely reported. The literature on helmet therapy was reviewed to clarify the clinical experience with associated complications. Although significant ...
Goh Jo Ling - - 2013
Object The goal of this study was to review the current literature on orthotic (helmet) therapy use in the treatment of deformational plagiocephaly. Methods PubMed was used to search English articles using the medical subject headings "deformational plagiocephaly" and "orthosis," and "deformational plagiocephaly" and "helmet." Results Forty-two articles were found. ...
Mazzeo Teresa - - 2013
Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate the visual and taste liking of three commercial gluten-free (GF) foods in a group of celiac children. Thirty celiac children, with diagnosis of celiac disease from more than 2 years, were recruited and 28 (21 females and 7 males, mean age ...
Salman Bulent - - 2013
Pancreatoblastoma is an extremely rare pancreatic neoplasm in adults. The aim of this study is to report our experience with adult pancreatoblastoma as well as review the cases reported in the literature in order to provide guidelines for the management of patients with this rare neoplasm. We have encountered three ...
Schulz A - - 2013
Most patients who attend orthopedic trauma surgery practices present with pain of the musculoskeletal system which can significantly affect the quality of life. For most patients the reason for the pain is quite obvious and can be easily addressed; however, for other patients the mechanism responsible for the pain remains ...
Niikura Takahiro - - 2013
Understanding the causative factors of fracture nonunion leads to both prevention and improvements in treatment. The purpose of this study was to understand the clinical characteristics and causative factors of nonunion in a case series. One hundred two consecutive patients with fracture nonunions of the extremities who were surgically treated ...
Biello Katie B - - 2013
In Vietnam, the co-occurrence (i.e., "syndemic") of psychosocial factors (e.g., depression and substance use) may disproportionately burden male sex workers and increase their HIV risk. A comprehensive survey was conducted among 300 male sex workers in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam in 2010. We performed logistic regression to examine the ...
Murthy Naveen S - - 2013
Fractures of the scaphoid are the most common surgically treated carpal fracture, and early diagnosis is critical to minimize complications including osteonecrosis. If the initial radiographs after the injury are inconclusive, early magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides an immediate diagnosis to allow for proper management. This has been shown to ...
Sugiura Hideshi - - 2013
Patients with local recurrence of soft tissue sarcomas are predisposed to future recurrences because treatment is challenging and complicated by prior therapy. This study investigated clinical outcomes following surgical procedures for locally recurrent soft tissue sarcomas and risk factors for re-recurrence and metastasis. A retrospective analysis was conducted with 105 ...
Damert Hans-Georg - - 2013
Anterior interosseous nerve syndrome (Nevin-Kiloh syndrome) is a rare entity caused by compression of the purely motor anterior interosseous nerve in the forearm. Historically, conventional surgical treatment has consisted of open decompression of the nerve. Unfortunately, open decompression is often complicated by scarring and significant morbidity. Endoscopic decompression is an ...
Yu Yang - - 2013
Green tea catechins have been extensively studied for their cancer preventive effects. Accumulating evidence has shown that green tea catechins, like (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate, have strong anti-oxidant activity and affect several signal transduction pathways relevant to cancer development. Here, we review the biological properties of green tea catechins and the molecular mechanisms ...
Wong Gloria N L - - 2013
Glomus tumors are soft-tissue tumors that are commonly found in the hand. Intraneural glomus tumors, however, are rare, and the few reported cases are mostly solitary tumors. We present a woman with a symptomatic swelling on her finger whose imaging findings suggested multiple tumors on the digital nerve, most compatible ...
Mittal Kundan - - 2013
A prospective observational study was conducted on 500 children to evaluate the Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illnesses (IMNCI) algorithm for diagnosis and referral of children aged 0-59 mo. IMNCI algorithm performed well in diagnosis [except sepsis in 0-7 d (p < 0.01) and malaria in 2-59 mo (p < 0.01)] and referral of under five ...
Sivabalan Somu - - 2013
Autoimmune polyendocrinopathy syndrome type 1 (APS-1) is characterized by the presence of at least two out of three clinical features, which include chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CMC), Addison's disease and hypoparathyroidism. The authors' present an one and a half year old girl with recurrent oral thrush who presented with generalised afebrile ...
Lim Tae Kang - - 2013
To investigate the outcomes of vascularized distal radius pedicled bone grafting secured with K-wires for scaphoid nonunions with small avascular proximal fragments. We included patients with scaphoid nonunions and small, avascular proximal fragments that were too small for screw fixation. The mean size of the proximal pole fragments was 21% ...
Del Piñal Francisco - - 2013
To present our experience of reconstructing distal radius articular defects with a vascularized osteochondral graft from the metatarsal base and to present the mid-term outcomes. Seven patients (average age, 36 y; range, 26-55 y) who had reconstruction of major defects of the articular surface of the radius are presented. In ...
Chan Yau-Chi - - 2013
While human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) can differentiate into functional cardiomyocytes, their immature phenotypes limit their therapeutic application for myocardial regeneration. We sought to determine whether electrical stimulation could enhance the differentiation and maturation of hESC-derived cardiomyocytes. Cardiac differentiation was induced in a HES3 hESC line via embryoid bodies formation ...
Sadhasivam S - - 2013
A highly sensitive detection of breast cancer marker, carbohydrate antigen 15-3 (CA 15-3) by carbon nanotube (CNT) based immuno-polymerase chain reaction was reported. The study was aimed to develop a precise and sensitive method to diagnose breast cancer and its recurrence. The hydrofluoric acid (HF) treated silicon wafer layered with bundled ...
Shadanbaz Shaylin - - 2013
The use of magnesium (Mg) as a biodegradable metallic replacement of permanent orthopaedic materials is a current topic of interest and investigation. The appropriate biocompatibility, elastic modulus and mechanical properties of Mg recommend its suitability for bone fracture fixation. However, the degradation rates of Mg can be rapid and unpredictable ...
Xu Bin - - 2013
Context.-Enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2), a histone methyltransferase mediating chromatin condensation and epigenetic modulation, is overexpressed in various human carcinomas and is associated with adverse clinicopathologic characteristics and biologic behavior. The expression of EZH2 in renal cell carcinomas (RCCs) has not been fully characterized yet. Objective.-To evaluate the prognostic ...
Koo Brian B - - 2013
The duration of an obstructive apnea is dependent on gender, age, body position, and state. Termination of an obstructive respiratory event is attributed as the end result of an achieved specific negative inspiratory force, sufficient to result in cortical arousal. We used polysomnographic measures of tendency for arousal, hypothesizing that ...
Han Ying - - 2013
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with a high morbidity in patients with impaired fasting glucose (IFG). Bicyclol is a synthetic compound known to protect the liver against oxidation and lipid injuries. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of metformin and bicyclol in ...
Sairaku Akinori - - 2013
Two new oral anticoagulants, rivaroxaban and dabigatran, with no need for anticoagulation monitoring, are available for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). We aimed to compare their anticoagulant effects and safety when used during the AF ablation periprocedural period. Patients undergoing AF ablation were randomly assigned to receive rivaroxaban 15 mg once ...
Izu Suemy Cioffi - - 2013
The aim of this study was to validate the Rhinoplasty Outcomes Evaluation (ROE) questionnaire adapted to the Brazilian Portuguese. A prospective study was conducted with ROE administration to 56 patients submitted to rhinoplasty (preoperatively, and then 15-day and 90-day postoperatively) and 100 volunteers without the need or desire of cosmetic ...
Feng Yan - - 2013
The study aims to increase knowledge about the performance of the EuroQol-visual analogue scales (EQ-VAS) in the UK NHS patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) programme, which covers groin hernia, hip and knee replacement and varicose vein surgery, and make suggestions for improved collection, coding and analysis of data. Four hundred scanned ...
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