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Alam Murad - - 2013
IMPORTANCE Detailed information regarding perioperative risk and adverse events associated with Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) can guide clinical management. Much of the data regarding complications of MMS are anecdotal or report findings from single centers or single events. OBJECTIVES To quantify adverse events associated with MMS and detect differences relevant ...
Haneder Stefan - - 2013
To evaluate the feasibility of in vivo (23)Na imaging of the corticomedullary (23)Na gradient and to measure (23)Na transverse relaxation times (T2*) in human kidneys. In this prospective, IRB-approved study, eight healthy volunteers (4 female, 4 male; mean age 29.4 ± 3.6 years) were examined on a 7-T whole-body MR system using a ...
Liu Chibo - - 2013
This study aims to explore the apoptotic function of shikonin on the papillary thyroid cancer cells and the related mechanism. The papillary thyroid cancer cell lines K1 and W3 and thyroid follicular epithelial cells NTHY-ORI 3-1 were treated with different concentrations of shikonin. Cell proliferation was tested. Morphological changes of ...
Tawfik Ahmed M - - 2013
To evaluate whether dual-energy computed tomography (DECT)-derived iodine content and iodine overlay could differentiate between normal, inflammatory and metastatic squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) cervical lymph nodes. This study was approved by the institutional review board. Sixteen patients with normal lymph nodes, 20 patients with enlarged nodes draining deep cervical inflammations ...
Idorn Luise Winkel - - 2013
IMPORTANCE UV radiation (UVR) exposure is the primary environmental risk factor for developing cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM). OBJECTIVE To measure changes in sun behavior from the first until the third summer after the diagnosis of CMM using matched controls as a reference. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Three-year follow-up, observational, case-control ...
Taguchi Alexander T AT Center for Biophysics and Computational Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign , Urbana, Illinois 61801, United - - 2013
Only quinones with a 2-methoxy group can act simultaneously as the primary (QA) and secondary (QB) electron acceptors in photosynthetic reaction centers from Rhodobacter sphaeroides. (13)C hyperfine sublevel correlation measurements of the 2-methoxy in the semiquinone states, SQA and SQB, were compared with quantum mechanics calculations of the (13)C couplings ...
Rasouli Mina - - 2013
Enteroendocrine cells are the largest population of hormone-producing cells in the body and play important roles in many aspects of body functions. The enteroendocrine cell population is divided into different subpopulations that secrete different hormones and peptides. Characterization of each subpopulation is particularly useful for analyzing the cellular mechanisms responsible ...
Hosokawa Yoshitaka - - 2013
CC chemokine ligand 20 (CCL20) plays a central role in the recruitment of CCR6-expressing cells, including Th17 cells which are related to bone resorption in periodontal lesions and thus in the development of periodontal disease. IL-6 is an important cytokine that is associated with the pathogenesis of periodontitis. However, the ...
Pomicter A D - - 2013
Mice incapable of synthesizing the myelin lipid sulfatide form paranodes that deteriorate with age. Similar instability also occurs in mice that lack contactin, contactin-associated protein or neurofascin155 (Nfasc155), the proteins that cluster in the paranode and form the junctional complex that mediates myelin-axon adhesion. In contrast to these proteins, sulfatide ...
Iwanaga Kazunori - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to quantitatively clarify the effect of alky-chain length of a triglyceride in an emulsion on the partitioning of highly lipophilic compounds into the lymph fluid after their oral administration. Highly lipophilic anthraquinone derivatives were orally administered in emulsions to rats. Emulsions composed of long-, ...
Botsikas Diomidis - - 2013
To investigate the added advantage of IV furosemide injection and the subsequent urine dilution in the detection of urinary calculi in the excretory phase of dual-source dual-energy (DE) computed tomography (CT) urography, and to investigate the feasibility of characterising the calculi through diluted urine. Twenty-three urinary calculi were detected in ...
Zhu Yihao - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of manganese (Mn)-induced cytotoxicity on heat shock proteins in chicken spleen lymphocytes. Lymphocytes were cultured in medium in the absence and presence of MnCl2 (2 × 10(-4), 4 × 10(-4), 6 × 10(-4), 8 × 10(-4), 10 × 10(-4), and 12 × 10(-4) mmol/L) for 12, 24, 36, and 48 h in vitro. Then, ...
Nillni Yael I - - 2013
The current study examined demographic and psychosocial factors that predict major depressive disorder (MDD) and comorbid MDD/posttraumatic stress disorder (MDD/PTSD) diagnostic status after Hurricane Katrina, one of the deadliest and costliest hurricanes in the history of the United States. This study expanded on the findings published in the article by ...
Amoêdo Nívea Dias - - 2013
Tumor cells thrive in environments that would be hostile to their normal cell counterparts. Survival depends on the selection of cell lines that harbor modifications of both, gene regulation that shifts the balance between the cell cycle and apoptosis and those that involve the plasticity of the metabolic machinery. With ...
Mercurio Vittorio - - 2013
As regards the incineration process of the urban solid waste, the composition correct management allows not only the valorization of precise civil and industrial groups of waste as alternative fuels but also a considerable increase of the furnace work temperature leading to a remarkable improvement of the related energy efficiency. ...
Solá-Ruíz M Fernanda - - 2013
The rehabilitation of the atrophic maxilla by means of implant-supported prostheses cannot always be achieved with fixed prostheses because of anatomic, esthetic, or economic issues, so for some patients the treatment of choice is a removable prosthesis. This article analyzes a new design for implant-supported overdentures with horizontal or faciolingual ...
Stern Christina - - 2013
Preeclampsia (PE) is a serious life event that can change women's psychological profile. The aim of this study was to evaluate the physical and mental health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) in women after PE and the impact of contributing factors. Ninety-five women who had suffered from PE answered the Short-Form-12 ...
Nagpal Kamal - - 2013
The information provided during the postoperative handover influences the delivery of care of patients in the postoperative recovery unit through their care on the ward. There is a need for a structured and systematic approach to postoperative handover. The aim of this study was to improve postoperative handover through the ...
Lee Gary - - 2013
To evaluate the contribution of positive affect in the family environment to relapse in first episode psychosis. 65 service users with a first episode of psychosis were recruited into the current study along with their key relatives. Relatives were interviewed and rated using the Expressed Emotion (EE) measure of warmth, ...
Wang Jianjun - - 2013
An analytical model of the dynamic characteristics of an axially polarized multilayer piezoelectric/elastic composite cylindrical transducer is proposed in this paper. Based on the plane stress assumption, the dynamic analytical solution of the transducer under an external harmonic voltage load is obtained, and the electric admittance is also derived analytically. ...
Chen Gui-Yang - - 2013
The focal electric fields for a 4π high numerical aperture (NA) focusing system with both the doughnut and higher-order Laguerre-Gaussian (LG) radially polarized (RP) beams are investigated in the case of NA=1, and the full width at half-maximum values of the focal spots are calculated. Compared with the single-lens high ...
Cata Juan P - - 2013
The perioperative period of major oncologic surgery is characterized by immunosuppression, angiogenesis, and an increased load of circulating malignant cells. It is a window period in which cancer cells may seed, invade, and proliferate. Thus, it has been hypothesized that the use of regional anesthesia with the goal of reducing ...
Hefny Hany - - 2013
Valgus subtrochanteric osteotomy is the standard surgical treatment for coxa vara. Nevertheless, there is no consensus on the method of fixation and osteotomy technique. There are some reports on employing rigid internal fixation methods that preclude the need of postoperative immobilization. This is a technical description of a valgus osteotomy ...
Xia Li - - 2013
We demonstrate a simple approach to generating optical wideband chaos and verify that it can be used to locate simultaneously and precisely the faults among all branches in a wavelength-division-multiplexing (WDM) passive optical network (PON). The chaotic light source consists of a semiconductor optical amplifier ring structure with an output ...
Pöppl D - - 2013
Objective: To date there is a lack of tools to measure participation and the already existing measures are not properly used as yet. In 2005 the IMET (Index zur Messung von Einschränkungen der Teilhabe) was developed and is able to measure the ICF associated construct participation as a generic instrument ...
Dubois Sylvie - - 2013
The Internet has great potential to provide information to patients with or at risk of developing cancer-related lymphedema (CRL), a complication of cancer treatment. To evaluate Web site structure (e.g., accreditation, design) and content (e.g., validity) for available Web sites on CRL, lymphedema, lymphoedema, cancer, and oncology were used with ...
Jiang Qi - - 2013
Classical crystal growth models posit that crystallization outcomes are determined by nuclei that resemble mature crystal phases, but at a critical size where the volume free energy of nuclei begins to offset the unfavorable surface free energy arising from the interface with the growth medium. Crystallization under nanoscale confinement offers ...
Disteche Christine M - - 2013
Trisomy 21 in human causes Down syndrome, a common chromosome disorder with devastating phenotypes ranging from early death in utero to intellectual disability together with an array of physical anomalies and late-onset diseases. In a recent study published in Nature, Jeanne Lawrence and her colleagues restored normal gene expression in ...
Petkova Elina - - 2013
The objective of this study is to assess the cost of using continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion to treat children with type-1diabetes in Bulgaria, considering changes in body mass index (BMI) and the glycated hemoglobin. The study was performed from the perspective of the Bulgarian National Health Insurance Fund (NHIF) and ...
Stasinopoulou Ioanna - - 2013
Periodontally compromised teeth (PCT) that serve as terminal abutments (TAs) are often challenging depending on the post-and-core treatment, the type of partial fixed dental prosthesis (PFDP), and the periodontal support. The purpose of this study was to investigate the biomechanical impact of 3 types of PFDP supported by cast post-and-cores ...
Wang Yuguang - - 2013
Rhizobacteria inhabiting the rhizosphere are beneficial to their host plants, and can potentially serve as biocontrol agents to control plant diseases. We isolated the rhizobacterium strain GW-3, which was the dominant bacterium in the rhizosphere soils of healthy banana plants. Then, we constructed an expression system with a kanamycin resistance ...
Niikura Takahiro - - 2013
Understanding the causative factors of fracture nonunion leads to both prevention and improvements in treatment. The purpose of this study was to understand the clinical characteristics and causative factors of nonunion in a case series. One hundred two consecutive patients with fracture nonunions of the extremities who were surgically treated ...
Toprak Alperen - - 2013
This paper presents a novel optimization method for interdigitated electrode (IDE)-based, cantilever-type piezoelectric energy harvesters at microelectromechanical system (MEMS) scale. A new two-stage approach based on the finite element method is proposed to examine the performance of such devices. First, detailed electrostatic poling simulations are presented. The results of these ...
Lin Z S - - 2013
Wheat-Dasypyrum villosum translocated chromosomes T6V#2S•6AL and T6V#4S•6DL are known to confer excellent resistance to wheat powdery mildew (PM). However, it is difficult to distinguish the two sources of PM resistance genes through multi-pathotype testing because to date no virulence for them has been found. To reveal the relationship between the ...
Liu Fangming - - 2013
We have designed and synthesized two dithiooctanoic acid derivatives bearing N,N-disubstituted amide groups, and used them to fabricate self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) on gold surface. These films showed a reversible changes in wettability, one of which was indicated by surface contact angle switching between 40° and 59° upon alternating treatment with ...
Feng Shixiu - - 2013
A new bixanthone derivative, garciobioxanthone (1), was isolated from the EtOH extract of the bark of Garcinia oblongifolia, together with 11 known compounds. The structure of 1 was elucidated on the basis of 1D NMR, 2D NMR and other spectroscopic analysis. The structures of the known compounds were identified by ...
Zhao Lingling - - 2013
Wide-field fluorescence lifetime imaging allows for fast imaging of large sample areas at the cost of low sensitivity to weak fluorescence signals. To overcome this challenge, we developed an active wide-field illumination (AWFI) strategy to optimize the impinging spatial intensity for acquiring optimal fluorescence signals over the whole sample. We ...
Perry K L - - 2013
Arthroscopy is the gold standard for articular surface examination and is commonly advocated for diagnosing and treating cases of canine elbow dysplasia. Arthroscopy is generally regarded as a low-risk procedure, however there is a paucity of information in the small animal veterinary literature regarding the associated complication rates. In a ...
Cannon Linda A - - 2013
All of us have heard that a picture is worth a thousand words, yet the 25 pictures on each of the quilts in our office often evoke awed silence. I want to tell you the story of our quilts.
Lagow Elaine E - - 2013
Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery and/or heart valve surgery using a median sternotomy approach coupled with the use of cardiopulmonary bypass often experience pulmonary complications in the postoperative period. These patients are initially monitored in an intensive care unit (ICU) but after discharge from this unit to the ward ...
Hart James W - - 2013
Despite significant advances in prevention and treatment strategies, graft-versus-host disease remains the most significant cause of morbidity and nonrelapse mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic cellular transplantation. Corticosteroids remain the standard frontline therapy for graft-versus-host disease; however, a considerable number of patients will not respond adequately and others will be significantly affected ...
Schubert Jessica R - - 2013
Research has demonstrated a relationship between circadian disruption and severe obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Misalignment of sleep timing/endogenous biological rhythms with the 24-hour light/dark cycle may result in difficulty dismissing intrusive thoughts, thus increasing vulnerability to disorders characterized by intrusive thoughts, such as OCD. Deficits in inhibition of intrusive thoughts are ...
Nejati Reza - - 2013
For many years, the function of the sebaceous gland (SG) was underestimated and suggested by Albert M. Kligman as a remnant of human development, a 'living fossil with a past but no future'. However, the last two decades of studies and the discovery of neuro-endocrine pathways in skin have determined ...
Kurtz Pedro - - 2013
The brain is dependent on glucose to meet its energy demands. We sought to evaluate the potential importance of impaired glucose transport by assessing the relationship between brain/serum glucose ratios, cerebral metabolic distress, and mortality after severe brain injury. We studied 46 consecutive comatose patients with subarachnoid or intracerebral hemorrhage, ...
Suh Ji Young - - 2013
To evaluate the clinical outcome of frontalis sling operation using preserved fascia lata with modified direct tarsal fixation in congenital ptosis patients. Forty-seven congenital ptosis patients (60 eyes) who underwent a frontalis sling operation using preserved fascia lata with modified direct tarsal fixation method between March 2001 and December 2008 ...
Gomes R S - - 2013
Radiation sources have being widely used in industrial applications, but their inappropriate use presents a large potential for hazards to human health and the environment. These hazards can be minimised by development of specific radiation protection rules and adequate procedures for the handling, use and storage of radiation sources, which ...
Rotellar Fernando - - 2013
Laparoscopic right hepatectomy (LRH) is a complex but feasible procedure. Preoperative portal vein embolization (PVE) can add difficulties that warrant particular technical modifications. A LRH extended to middle hepatic vein after PVE is presented, with special attention paid to specific operative findings and to useful technical modifications. A 62-year-old female ...
Nedkoff Lee - - 2013
Administrative data are a valuable source of estimates of diabetes prevalence for groups such as coronary heart disease (CHD) patients. The primary aim of this study was to measure concordance between medical records and linked administrative health data for recording diabetes in CHD patients, and to assess temporal differences in ...
Rasul Fahid Tariq - - 2013
Plurihormonal pituitary adenomas are tumours that show immunoreactivity for more than one hormone that cannot be explained by normal adenohypophysial cytodifferentiation. The most common combinations in these adenomas include growth hormone (GH), prolactin (PRL) and one or more glycoprotein hormone sub-units (β-TSH, β-FSH, β-LH and αSU). The authors report two ...
Zou L E - - 2013
Efficient inscription of Fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) in single-mode, thin cladding As<sub>2</sub>S<sub>3</sub> fibers is demonstrated by using near bandgap light at 532 nm. The FBGs with the reflectivity of over 80% can be induced in only 80-90 s, substantially faster than in previous reports. The dynamics of the grating growth are investigated ...
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