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Liu Chibo - - 2013
This study aims to explore the apoptotic function of shikonin on the papillary thyroid cancer cells and the related mechanism. The papillary thyroid cancer cell lines K1 and W3 and thyroid follicular epithelial cells NTHY-ORI 3-1 were treated with different concentrations of shikonin. Cell proliferation was tested. Morphological changes of ...
Pomicter A D - - 2013
Mice incapable of synthesizing the myelin lipid sulfatide form paranodes that deteriorate with age. Similar instability also occurs in mice that lack contactin, contactin-associated protein or neurofascin155 (Nfasc155), the proteins that cluster in the paranode and form the junctional complex that mediates myelin-axon adhesion. In contrast to these proteins, sulfatide ...
Tawfik Ahmed M - - 2013
To evaluate whether dual-energy computed tomography (DECT)-derived iodine content and iodine overlay could differentiate between normal, inflammatory and metastatic squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) cervical lymph nodes. This study was approved by the institutional review board. Sixteen patients with normal lymph nodes, 20 patients with enlarged nodes draining deep cervical inflammations ...
Ko Kyung Hee - - 2013
To report our preliminary experience with shear-wave elastography (SWE) for non-mass lesions (NMLs) in the breast and suggest a potential ancillary role of SWE for BI-RADS Category 4a NMLs in reducing the number of unnecessary benign biopsies. A total of 310 breast lesions in 286 consecutive women who had been ...
Botsikas Diomidis - - 2013
To investigate the added advantage of IV furosemide injection and the subsequent urine dilution in the detection of urinary calculi in the excretory phase of dual-source dual-energy (DE) computed tomography (CT) urography, and to investigate the feasibility of characterising the calculi through diluted urine. Twenty-three urinary calculi were detected in ...
Haneder Stefan - - 2013
To evaluate the feasibility of in vivo (23)Na imaging of the corticomedullary (23)Na gradient and to measure (23)Na transverse relaxation times (T2*) in human kidneys. In this prospective, IRB-approved study, eight healthy volunteers (4 female, 4 male; mean age 29.4 ± 3.6 years) were examined on a 7-T whole-body MR system using a ...
Chen Chien-Ming - - 2013
To evaluate CT aortography at reduced tube voltage and contrast medium dose while maintaining image quality through iterative reconstruction (IR). The Institutional Review Board approved a prospective study of 48 patients who underwent follow-up CT aortography. We performed intra-individual comparisons of arterial phase images using 120 kVp (standard tube voltage) and ...
Steff Maud - - 2013
IMPORTANCE Curative treatment of aggressive Kaposi sarcoma (KS) with conventional chemotherapy in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients remains difficult. The administration of thalidomide, an immunomodulatory drug with antiangiogenic effects, is limited by its toxicity. This engenders interest in evaluating thalidomide analogues such as lenalidomide with better toxicity profiles. To our ...
Iwanaga Kazunori - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to quantitatively clarify the effect of alky-chain length of a triglyceride in an emulsion on the partitioning of highly lipophilic compounds into the lymph fluid after their oral administration. Highly lipophilic anthraquinone derivatives were orally administered in emulsions to rats. Emulsions composed of long-, ...
Boelee N C - - 2013
An innovative pilot-scale phototrophic biofilm reactor was evaluated over a 5-month period to determine its capacity to remove nitrogen and phosphorus from Dutch municipal wastewater effluents. The areal biomass production rate ranged between 2.7 and 4.5 g dry weight/m(2)/day. The areal nitrogen and phosphorus removal rates averaged 0.13 g N/m(2)/day and 0.023 g P/m(2)/day, ...
Taguchi Alexander T AT Center for Biophysics and Computational Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign , Urbana, Illinois 61801, United - - 2013
Only quinones with a 2-methoxy group can act simultaneously as the primary (QA) and secondary (QB) electron acceptors in photosynthetic reaction centers from Rhodobacter sphaeroides. (13)C hyperfine sublevel correlation measurements of the 2-methoxy in the semiquinone states, SQA and SQB, were compared with quantum mechanics calculations of the (13)C couplings ...
Ivankin Andrey A Departments of Physics and Chemistry/Chemical Biology, Northeastern University , Boston, Massachusetts 02115, United - - 2013
Herein we report a novel approach for fast, label-free probing of DNA-histone interactions in individual nucleosomes. We use solid-state nanopores to unravel individual DNA/histone complexes for the first time and find that the unraveling time depends on the applied electrophoretic force, and our results are in line with previous studies ...
Adams Richard C - - 2013
The medical home and the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act Part C Early Intervention Program share many common purposes for infants and children ages 0 to 3 years, not the least of which is a family-centered focus. Professionals in pediatric medical home practices see substantial numbers of infants and toddlers ...
Atwell Jessica E - - 2013
In 2010, 9120 cases of pertussis were reported in California, more than any year since 1947. Although this resurgence has been widely attributed to waning immunity of the acellular vaccine, the role of vaccine refusal has not been explored in the published literature. Many factors likely contributed to the outbreak, ...
- - 2013
Pediatric hospital medicine programs have an established place in pediatric medicine. This statement speaks to the expanded roles and responsibilities of pediatric hospitalists and their integrated role among the community of pediatricians who care for children within and outside of the hospital setting.
Borzekowski Dina L G - - 2013
Prosmoking messages, delivered through marketing and the media, can reach very young children and influence attitudes and behaviors around smoking. This study examined the reach of tobacco marketing to 5 and 6 year olds in 6 low- and middle-income countries. Researchers worked one-on-one with 5 and 6 year olds in ...
Tinkle Brad T - - 2013
Marfan syndrome is a systemic, heritable connective tissue disorder that affects many different organ systems and is best managed by using a multidisciplinary approach. The guidance in this report is designed to assist the pediatrician in recognizing the features of Marfan syndrome as well as caring for the individual with ...
Bjarnsholt Thomas - - 2013
Most of the research on bacterial pathogenesis has focused on acute infections, but much less is known about the pathogenesis of infections caused by bacteria that grow as aggregates in biofilms. These infections tend to be chronic as they resist innate and adaptive immune defence mechanisms as well as antibiotics, ...
Ghosh Anirvan - - 2013
The rising rates of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and the lack of effective medications to treat its core symptoms have led to an increased sense of urgency to identify therapies for this group of neurodevelopmental conditions. Developing drugs for ASD, however, has been challenging because of a limited understanding of ...
Borchman Douglas - - 2013
(1)H-NMR spectroscopy has been used to quantify squalene in meibum and sebum. Squalene has many beneficial properties and its loss on the surface of skin upon ultraviolet light exposure or in the tear film with dry eye could be detrimental. In this study, we confirm the NMR proton resonance assignments ...
Renwick A - - 2013
This report describes limb-sparing surgery in a 35 kg, six-year-old Hungarian Vizsla with a distal radial lytic bone lesion. Preoperative biopsy had suggested a bone cyst, however histopathology on the excised bone segment was indicative of an osteosarcoma. Following excision of the tumour, the bone defect was filled with a ...
Armour Cherie - - 2013
The three-factor structure of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) specified by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, is not supported in the empirical literature. Two alternative four-factor models have received a wealth of empirical support. However, a consensus regarding which is superior has not been reached. A ...
Nishii Tatsuya - - 2013
Identification of the Adamkiewicz artery (AKA) using CT angiography (CTA) is crucial in patients with thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) or aortic dissection (AD). The purpose of this study was to compare the AKA detection rate of intravenous injection with a 64-slice MDCT (IV64) versus a 16-slice MDCT (IV16) as well ...
Liberg Benny - - 2013
We hypothesized that motor retardation in bipolar depression is mediated by disruption of the pre-executive stages of motor production. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate neural activity during motor imagery and motor execution to elucidate whether brain regions that mediate planning, preparation, and control of movement are activated ...
Schubert Jessica R - - 2013
Research has demonstrated a relationship between circadian disruption and severe obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Misalignment of sleep timing/endogenous biological rhythms with the 24-hour light/dark cycle may result in difficulty dismissing intrusive thoughts, thus increasing vulnerability to disorders characterized by intrusive thoughts, such as OCD. Deficits in inhibition of intrusive thoughts are ...
Kianianmomeni Arash - - 2013
Many algae, particularly microalgae, possess a sophisticated light-sensing system including photoreceptors and light-modulated signaling pathways to sense environmental information and secure the survival in a rapidly changing environment. Over the last couple of years, the multifaceted world of algal photobiology has enriched our understanding of the light absorption mechanisms and ...
Cicciù M - - 2013
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) is a rare genetic disorder. The syndrome presents with severe purulent conjunctivitis, stomatitis with mucosal necrosis, and purpuric macules. This syndrome is associated with hypersensitive reaction usually stimulated by infection, vaccination, systemic diseases, physical agents, foods or drugs. However, only few cases reported can be related to ...
Pigott J H - - 2013
Objectives: To compare the clinical and inflammatory joint responses to intra-articular injection of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) including autologous, genetically modified autologous, allogeneic, or xenogeneic cells in horses. Methods: Six five-year-old Thoroughbred mares had one fetlock joint injected with Gey's balanced salt solution as the vehicle control. Each ...
Onoda Toshinao - - 2013
OncotypeDX(®) (ODX) is a well-validated assay for breast cancer treatment planning. We explored whether the conventional pathological factors could pick up high risk patients without the help of the ODX. The ODX was performed on 139 hormone receptor-positive invasive breast cancers in a single Japanese institution. The recurrence risk was ...
Kitshoff A M - - 2013
Objectives: To describe a new technique, the reinforced interdental crossover composite splint (RIC), for transverse mandibular fracture repair in dogs. This technique was compared biomechanically with the established reinforced interdental Stout loop composite splint (RIS) technique. Methods: Six pairs of mandibles from young adult small breed dogs were used for ...
Cavallo David N - - 2013
The primary objective of the current study was to examine the relationship between social support and physical activity within the theory of planned behavior (TPB) theoretical framework. This study used data from the Internet Support for Healthy Associations Promoting Exercise randomized controlled trial. A total of 134 female undergraduate students ...
Peña-Münzenmayer Gaspar - - 2013
TASK-2 is a K2P K(+) channel considered as a candidate to mediate CO2 sensing in central chemosensory neurons in mouse. Neuroepithelial cells in zebrafish gills sense CO2 levels through an unidentified K2P K(+) channel. We have now obtained zfTASK-2 from zebrafish gill tissue that is 49 % identical to mTASK-2. Like ...
Ryu In Sun - - 2013
Metabolic tumour volume (MTV) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) from (18)F-FDG PET/CT are emerging prognostic biomarkers in human solid cancers; yet few studies have investigated their clinical and prognostic significance in oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). The present retrospective study evaluated the utility of pretreatment MTV and TLG measured ...
den Daas Chantal - - 2013
In the heat of the moment, people often impulsively take risks. Having unprotected sex, for example, can result in sexually transmitted infections. In three studies, we investigated a possible explanation for the increased sexual risk propensity of people in an impulsive state. In contrast to the intuitively appealing notion that ...
Aoki Nobuyuki - - 2013
A system for continuous generation and analysis of formaldehyde (HCHO) in a nitrogen gas mixture prepared using a permeation method was fabricated in order to evaluate the permeability of HCHO and water (H2O) through a permeation tube. Specifically, the mass balance of HCHO and H2O through a permeation tube was ...
Zulman Donna M - - 2013
Multimorbidity-the presence of multiple chronic conditions in a patient-has a profound impact on health, health care utilization, and associated costs. Definitions of multimorbidity in clinical care and research have evolved over time, initially focusing on a patient's number of comorbidities and the associated magnitude of required care processes, and later ...
Arab Behrouz - - 2013
Urea-formaldehyde polymers, which are utilized in the adhesives industry, have recently been shown to be suitable materials for synthesizing micro/nanocapsules for use in self-healing (nano)composites. In this study, molecular dynamics was employed to simulate the process in which urea and formaldehyde are cross-linked via methylene and ether cross linkers, and ...
Righarts Saskia - - 2013
This study investigated whether preinterview interventions could help to facilitate children's accuracy under cross-examination-style questioning. Five- and 6-year-olds (n = 77; mean [SD] age = 5.84 [0.48] years; 57% boys) and 9- and 10-year-olds (n = 87; mean [SD] age = 10.30 [0.54] years; 56% boys) took part in a ...
Haase Nicolai - - 2013
We aimed to characterize the degree and clinical importance of bleeding in patients treated with hydroxyethyl starch (HES). In post hoc analyses, we examined the associations between fluid assignment, hemostatic variables, bleeding events, transfusions, and death among 798 patients with severe sepsis randomized to fluid resuscitation with HES 130/0.42 versus ...
Carrington Samantha J - - 2013
Two Mn(i) carbonyl complexes namely [MnBr(azpy)(CO)3] and [Mn(azpy)(CO)3(PPh3)](ClO4) (azpy = 2-phenylazopyridine) have been synthesized and characterized. Both complexes exhibit rapid CO release upon exposure to low power visible light. [MnBr(azpy)(CO)3] shows significant phototoxicity toward two malignant cell lines HeLa and MDA-MB-231.
Wei Shu-Hao - - 2013
Few clinical studies have assessed the efficacy and safety of oxcarbazepine (OXC) oral suspension in Asian pediatric patients and particularly in infants. The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the efficacy, tolerability, and side effects of OXC oral suspension in Taiwanese infants and children with various types ...
Corbellini Silvia - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to analyze isolates of Clostridium difficile from patients with nosocomial acquired infection in respect to their molecular type and antimicrobial susceptibility. Fifty-nine randomly selected clinical isolates were characterized. Molecular typing was performed by rep-PCR (DiversiLab). Isolates were tested by disk diffusion towards 11 different ...
Karapolat I - - 2013
Aim: We aimed to investigate the relationship of fluor-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F FDG PET/CT) with clinical, laboratory parameters and conventional radiographs in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Patients, material, methods: 25 patients with RA diagnosis were evaluated by sociodemographic, clinical [duration of disease (year), the joints in ...
Wu Bechien U - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:Pancreatic cystic neoplasms (PCNs) are being detected with increased frequency. The aims of this study were to determine the incidence of malignancy and develop an imaging-based system for prediction of malignancy in PCN.METHODS:We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients ≥18 years of age with confirmed PCN from January 2005 ...
Kantola Rosita M - - 2013
Silicone elastomers are used to fabricate external maxillofacial prostheses and are colored to match the adjacent facial skin. In cold winter weather, in certain individuals, the color of the skin changes toward red, which leads to a color difference between the prostheses and the surrounding tissue. The purpose of this ...
Srivatstava Akanksha - - 2013
Adherence and colonization of Candida albicans on tissue conditioners is common and results in irritation of the denture-bearing mucosa. The purpose of this study was to investigate the antifungal activity and properties of a tissue conditioner by incorporating origanum oil. Origanum oil at varying concentrations was incorporated into a poly(methyl ...
Stasinopoulou Ioanna - - 2013
Periodontally compromised teeth (PCT) that serve as terminal abutments (TAs) are often challenging depending on the post-and-core treatment, the type of partial fixed dental prosthesis (PFDP), and the periodontal support. The purpose of this study was to investigate the biomechanical impact of 3 types of PFDP supported by cast post-and-cores ...
Borzangy Sary - - 2013
Interim acrylic resins release agents that alter cytokine expression in the surrounding tissues, which could alter extracellular matrix degradation. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the responses of human epidermal keratinocytes to eluates of interim acrylic resins in regards to cytokine expression and cell-mediated collagen degradation. Specimens of ...
Ehren K - - 2013
Causes of death in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected subjects have changed in countries with high resources over the last several years. Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related diseases have become less prevalent, whereas deaths due to non-AIDS causes are increasing. The aim of the present study was to analyse causes of death ...
Mercurio Vittorio - - 2013
As regards the incineration process of the urban solid waste, the composition correct management allows not only the valorization of precise civil and industrial groups of waste as alternative fuels but also a considerable increase of the furnace work temperature leading to a remarkable improvement of the related energy efficiency. ...
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