Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 3145
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Xie Shaohua - - 2013
Three-dimensionally ordered macroporous Co3O4 (3DOM Co3O4) and its supported gold (xAu/3DOM Co3O4, x = 1.1-8.4 wt%) nanocatalysts were prepared using the polymethyl methacrylate-templating and bubble-assisted polyvinyl alcohol-protected reduction methods, respectively. The 3DOM Co3O4 and xAu/3DOM Co3O4 samples exhibited a surface area of 22-27 m(2) g(-1). The Au nanoparticles with a ...
Qiu Jianguo - - 2013
Abstract Background: Although current guidelines recommend performing cholecystectomy via laparoscopy, consensus on the application of single-incision laparoscopic surgery for cholecystectomy is still lacking. The aim of the current study was to perform a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and nonrandomized comparative studies (NRCSs), comparing single-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SPLC) and ...
- - 2013
This policy statement serves to combine and update 2 previously independent but overlapping statements from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) on culturally effective health care (CEHC) and workforce diversity. The AAP has long recognized that with the ever-increasing diversity of the pediatric population in the United States, the health ...
Skoczylas Laura C - - 2013
In 2008 and 2011, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) released notifications regarding vaginal mesh. In describing prolapse surgery trends over time, we predicted vaginal mesh use would decrease and native tissue repairs would increase. Operative reports were reviewed for all prolapse repairs performed from 2008 to 2011 at ...
Bandarian Fatemeh - - 2013
Low high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) is a known risk factor of coronary artery disease. Apolipoprotein A1 (APOA1) is the most abundant component of HDL-C. This study aimed at identifying sequence variations (rare and common) in the APOA1 gene and its association with serum HDL-C levels. This study was conducted ...
Armour Cherie - - 2013
The factor structure of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) currently used by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV), has received limited support. A four-factor dysphoria model is widely supported. However, the dysphoria factor of this model has been hailed as a nonspecific factor of PTSD. The ...
Estrada Raquel Vidal - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to assess the efficacy of psychoeducation as compared with cognitive behavioral group therapy in adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) who still had significant symptoms and were in pharmacological treatment. This is the first study on psychoeducation in adults with ADHD. Thirty-two ...
Willems Leen - - 2013
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and donor leukocyte infusion (DLI) may hold potential as a novel form of immunotherapy for high-risk neuroblastoma. DLI, however, carries the risk of graft-versus-host disease (GvHD). Recipient leukocyte infusion (RLI) induces graft-versus-leukemia responses without GvHD in mice and is currently being explored clinically. Here, we ...
Raptaki Maria - - 2013
Chronic Granulomatous Disease (CGD) is an uncommon primary immunodeficiency caused by the absence or dysfunction of one of NADPH oxidase subunits, with heterogeneous genetic aetiologies. The aim of this study was the CGD patient registry in Greece, the identification of the responsible genotype and the potential correlation with the patient's ...
Caldieraro Marco Antonio - - 2013
The best classification of depressive disorders is still to be established. A melancholic subtype has a lengthy history, and recent research demonstrates its relevance. This study compares the prevalence of psychotic symptoms in nonmelancholic and melancholic depression and assesses whether there is a dimensional pattern in the severity of symptoms ...
Nillni Yael I - - 2013
The current study examined demographic and psychosocial factors that predict major depressive disorder (MDD) and comorbid MDD/posttraumatic stress disorder (MDD/PTSD) diagnostic status after Hurricane Katrina, one of the deadliest and costliest hurricanes in the history of the United States. This study expanded on the findings published in the article by ...
Fried M - - 2013
In 2012, an expert panel composed of presidents of each of the societies, the European Chapter of the International Federation for the Surgery of Obesity (IFSO-EC), and of the European Association for the Study of Obesity (EASO), as well as of the chair of EASO Obesity Management Task Force (EASO ...
Gehrke Cody - - 2013
In this work, an innovative vascular coupling device (VCD) is created to realize quick and reliable vessel anastomosis. Vessel anastomosis is common and often necessary during trauma, replantation and free tissue transfer surgeries. The current method of vessel anastomosis is traditional hand suturing. This technique is time consuming (20-30 min), difficult, ...
Lakhan Shaheen E - - 2013
A 27-year-old man with cholestasis presented with 4 weeks of progressive spastic quadriparesis and hypophonia. MRI revealed T2/fluid-attenuated inversion recovery hyperintensities in the basal ganglia and thalamus (figure 1). He was treated with IV methylprednisolone for acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. His condition worsened. MRI 4 weeks later showed larger symmetric hyperintensities ...
Vishnu V Y - - 2013
A 33-year-old man with bipolar affective disorder presented with acute onset of rigidity, tremors, and confusion. He had been taking oral lithium (1,200 mg daily) for the past 2 months. Baseline blood, EEG, and CSF analyses were normal. Serum lithium level was 0.67 mEq/L (0.3-1.3). Gadolinium MRI brain showed multiple ...
Joy Susan M - - 2013
As more studies report on patient preferences, techniques are needed to identify, assess and, eventually, synthesize results from a diverse set of methodologies. Data on patient preferences are valuable to decision makers in a variety of ways. Preferences for outcomes can be used to inform decision and cost-effectiveness models, while ...
Singhal Tarun - - 2013
The title of the article by Portnow et al.(1) is not suitable because there is uneven coverage of the development of PET imaging devices and inadequate coverage of radiopharmaceuticals or their translational applications. There are some key conceptual and factual errors as well.
Kang Dawon - - 2013
The goal of this study was to determine the molecular identity of a small-conductance (~5-pS) background K(+) channel expressed in trigeminal ganglion (TG) neurons. We tested the hypothesis that the 5-pS channel is a K2P channel by comparing the pharmacological and single-channel properties of THIK-1 expressed in HEK293 cells. As ...
Tanne David - - 2013
Stroke is a major cause of long-term adult disability, death, and health care costs worldwide. This overwhelming burden on global health necessitates ongoing improvements in stroke management. Indeed, considerable progress in stroke care is evident nowadays, in part owing to better prevention and the increasing use of acute stroke units, ...
Shankar Hari - - 2013
Introduction: Boceprevir is an NS3/NS4A serine protease inhibitor that was approved for use in Hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 patients by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in May 2011. The approval of this protease inhibitor marked a major paradigm shift in the treatment of HCV, as it ...
Lee Donggun - - 2013
Iridium-catalyzed direct ortho C-H amidation of arenes has been shown to work well with sulfonyl- and aryl azides as the nitrogen source. The reaction proceeds efficiently with a broad range of substrates bearing conventional directing groups with excellent functional group compatibility under mild conditions. In addition, substrates forming not only ...
Grimaldi Tamiris B - - 2013
We present here our results on potassium tert-butoxide promoted annulation reaction of (2-alkynylphenyl) propargyl ethers to give two different types of hetecocycles; 3-benzyl-2-alkynylbenzofurans and 12H-benzoannulenbenzo[b]furans. A series of functionalized (2-alkynylphenyl) propargyl ethers were efficiently cyclized by potassium tert-butoxide to the corresponding products. The optimized reaction condition tolerated a large variety ...
Nomura Takayoshi - - 2013
Extraoral maxillofacial rehabilitation for compromised or lost facial anatomy resulting from the surgical eradication of malignancy, trauma, or congenital anomalies is commonly accomplished with a silicone prosthesis. However, with increasing size and weight, a silicone prosthesis can lose retention. This report presents 2 patient treatments to introduce a fabrication and ...
Nagasawa Masayuki - - 2013
We retrospectively analyzed 60 cases of pediatric patients who received allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) between 2000 and 2008, using the tentative scoring system for evaluation of early (<30 days) coagulation disorders. In the 41 patients who survived, D-dimer levels showed a transient increase 2 weeks after SCT and normalized thereafter, ...
Langella Francesca - - 2013
Phytoremediation is an environmental friendly, cost-effective technology for a soft restoration of abandoned mine sites. The grasses Agrostis capillaris, Deschampsia flexuosa and Festuca rubra, and the annual herb Helianthus annuus were combined with microbial consortia in pot experiments on multi-metal polluted substrates collected at a former uranium mine near Ronneburg, ...
Tajbakhsh Sharareh - - 2013
Documentation of long-term changes in food intake is lacking for those treated with a maxillary complete denture opposed by a mandibular, screw-retained, implant-supported fixed prosthesis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the selection patterns of dietary foods over 5 years for edentulous participants treated in a multicenter prospective ...
Bandettini Di Poggio Monica - - 2013
The Brown-Vialetto-Van Laere syndrome (BVVLS) is a rare neurological disorder characterized by progressive pontobulbar palsy, sensorineural deafness and mixed spinal and upper motor neuropathy. Mutations in the C20orf54 gene have been linked to the disease and recently we reported the first Italian case of a BVVLS family with an intriguing ...
Majidi Ali Reza - - 2013
Closure of the peripheral iridectomy (PI) may lead to forward displacement of silicone oil (SO) in some but not all SO-filled aphakic eyes. In this study, we report three patients with a history of a combined three-port pars plana vitrectomy and cataract surgery, SO injection and inferior PI who underwent ...
Mitchell Alex J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE People with severe mental illness have a higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease and die sooner than the general population. This study of a national sample of primary care patients in the United Kingdom compared screening for cardiometabolic risk factors among patients with severe mental illness and diabetes. METHODS ...
Moon Sung-Hoon - - 2013
This review addresses the role of endoscopy in the diagnosis and treatment of autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) and provides a diagnostic process for patients with suspected AIP. When should AIP be suspected? When can it be diagnosed without endoscopic examination? Which endoscopic approaches are appropriate in suspected AIP, and when? What ...
Widmer Jessica - - 2013
Over the last 2 decades there has been continuing development in endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS). EUS-guided pancreatic drainage is an evolving procedure that can be offered to patients who are high-risk surgical candidates and in whom the pancreatic duct cannot be accessed by endoscopic retrograde pancreatography. Although EUS-guided pancreatic drainage is ...
Appelbaum Paul S - - 2013
Idaho is one of four states that have abolished the insanity defense. Hence, John Delling, on trial for two murders in Idaho, was unable to plead insanity or to argue that he lacked intent to kill, the only available option under Idaho law. After being sentenced to life in prison ...
Dumonceau Jean-Marc - - 2013
Endoscopic therapy is recommended as the first-line therapy for painful chronic pancreatitis with an obstacle on the main pancreatic duct (MPD). The clinical response should be evaluated at 6 to 8 weeks. Calcified stones that obstruct the MPD are first treated by extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy; dominant MPD strictures are optimally treated ...
Stevens Tyler - - 2013
Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) can be a useful tool for detecting underlying causes of acute pancreatitis and establishing the severity of fibrosis in chronic pancreatitis. Ancillary techniques include fine needle aspiration and core biopsy, bile collection for crystal analysis, pancreatic function testing, and celiac plexus block. This review focuses on the ...
Shweikeh Faris - - 2013
Object Positional plagiocephaly (PP) has been on the rise in recent years. In this review, the authors' aim was to assess the effectiveness of current recommendations to parents on this exceedingly common problem through a comprehensive literature search. Additionally, the current treatment options and the most recent studies on PP ...
Manig M - - 2013
The clinical course of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD) is variable. Diagnosis, nonsurgical and surgical methods of treatment have evolved over many decades, from abduction casts and braces to advanced surgical containment methods which are now the mainstay of treatment. This article presents a general view and a critical evaluation of the ...
Vayá Ignacio - - 2013
The photooxygenation of model compounds containing the two enantiomers of naproxen (NPX) covalently linked to histidine (His), tryptophan (Trp) and tyrosine (Tyr) has been investigated by steady state irradiation, fluorescence spectroscopy and laser flash photolysis. The NPX-His systems presented the highest oxygen-mediated photoreactivity. Their fluorescence spectra matched that of isolated ...
Gonen Ofer Michael - - 2013
Sandfly viruses are arthropod-borne viruses that are endemic in the Mediterranean basin. The Toscana virus (TOSV) is the only serotype of sandfly viruses known to cause neurological symptoms in humans, usually aseptic meningitis or meningoencephalitis. We report a case of a 39-year-old man who was admitted to our department with ...
Tamai Miho - - 2013
Ammonia, a toxic metabolite, is converted to urea in hepatocytes via the urea cycle, a process necessary for cell/organismal survival. In liver, hepatocytes, polygonal and multipolar structures, have a few sides which face hepatic sinusoids and adjacent hepatocytes to form intercellular bile canaliculi connecting to the ductules. The critical nature ...
Chow Maria Yui Kwan - - 2013
Influenza-like illnesses (ILI) cause paediatric morbidity and affect the quality of life (QoL) of children and their parents. We have developed a disease-specific questionnaire (Care-ILI-QoL) to measure the QoL of caregivers of children with ILI. The drafting of the Care-ILI-QoL questionnaire was based on a systematic review, a quantitative survey, ...
Kempen Gertrudis I J M - - 2013
Vision loss is highly prevalent in old age and has a substantial impact on different aspects of quality of life including depressive symptoms. Our objective was to examine the mediating role of disability and social support in the association between low vision and depressive symptoms. Differences in disability, social support, ...
Tepavcevic Darija Kisic - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine the changes in the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and predictors of change among patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) at 3 and 6 years during the follow-up period. A group of 109 consecutive MS patients (McDonald's criteria) referred to the Clinic of Neurology, ...
Jones C Allyson - - 2013
The objective of this study is to evaluate the longitudinal construct validity of the Health Utilities Index Mark 2 (HUI2) and Health Utilities Index Mark 3 (HUI3) using a convergent/divergent validity approach in patients recovering from hip fracture, with the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) as the comparator. A total of ...
Yamauchi Akira - - 2013
To identify potential regulators of normal human melanocyte behaviour, we have developed an in vitro human melanocyte migration assay, using the optically accessible, real-time cell motility assay device TAXIScan. Coating of the glass surface with an extracellular matrix that served as scaffolding molecule was essential to demonstrate efficient melanocyte migration. ...
Takei Kentaro - - 2013
Dry environmental conditions induce a variety of skin pathologies and a recent report indicating that cortisol synthesis in epidermis was increased during wound healing led us to hypothesize that environmental dryness might induce increased cortisol secretion in epidermis. Therefore, we incubated a skin equivalent model under dry (relative humidity: less ...
Nehrenheim Katja - - 2013
Loss of subcutaneous fat is a hallmark of ageing usually starting in the face. Attempts to ameliorate cosmetically the appearance of subcutaneous fat loss have been of limited success as they fail to rebuild the missing subcutaneous tissue. Ageing-driven loss of subcutaneous fat results from (i) the reduced capacity of ...
Nejati Reza - - 2013
For many years, the function of the sebaceous gland (SG) was underestimated and suggested by Albert M. Kligman as a remnant of human development, a 'living fossil with a past but no future'. However, the last two decades of studies and the discovery of neuro-endocrine pathways in skin have determined ...
Weingarten Jeremy A - - 2013
Air travel is a common mode of transportation in today's society, particularly for individuals traveling long distances. Sleep disturbances associated with air travel frequently result in cognitive and physiologic impairments that may be detrimental to the traveler's experience and intent. A primary consequence of air travel is the development of ...
Luce John M - - 2013
Increasing numbers of patients survive traumatic brain injury and cardiopulmonary arrest and resuscitation and are admitted to the ICU while in coma. Some of these patients become brain dead; others regain consciousness. Still others become vegetative or minimally conscious, conditions called chronic disorders of consciousness and ultimately can be cared ...
Chen Qian - - 2013
Polymeric materials have been widely used in electronic and electromechanical transducer applications. Because of their low elastic modulus, it is quite challenging to accurately characterize the electric-field-induced strain and elastic modulus by conventional contact methods. In this paper, a piezoelectric lead zirconate titanate (PZT) fiber-composite- based cantilever strain sensor has ...
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