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Results 401 - 450 of 4329
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Canham Leigh - - 2013
Leigh Canham received his BSc degree in physics from University College London (London, UK) in 1979 and his PhD in solid state physics from King's College London (London, UK). He now has over 30 years of experience conducting research on widely differing aspects of silicon technology. Two key personal discoveries ...
Fischer John P JP Philadelphia, Pa. From the Division of Plastic Surgery, Hospital of the University of - - 2013
The authors assess the risk and safety profiles of both implant and autologous breast reconstructions in the morbidly obese population using the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program data sets. The authors reviewed the 2005 to 2010 National Surgical Quality Improvement Program databases, identifying encounters for Current Procedural Terminology codes including ...
Wilson Gregory C GC Department of Surgery, University of Cincinnati Pancreatic Disease Center, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, - - 2013
This study aims to review surgical outcomes of pediatric patients undergoing total pancreatectomy with islet cell autotransplantation (TP/IAT) for the treatment of chronic pancreatitis (CP). All pediatric patients (≤18 years old) undergoing TP/IAT over a 10-year period (December 2002-June 2012) were identified for inclusion in a single-center, observational cohort study. ...
Shetye Pradip R PR New York, N.Y.; and Boston, Mass. From the Institute of Reconstructive Plastic Surgery, New York University Medical Center, and Brigham and Women's - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to characterize soft-tissue profile changes following Le Fort III (midface) distraction in growing patients with syndromic craniosynostosis. The cohort consisted of 20 syndromic patients who underwent Le Fort III osteotomy with midface advancement using a rigid external distraction device. The mean age at surgery ...
Lee S K - - 2013
The aims of this study were to assess the efficacy of a newly designed radiological technique (the radial groove view) for the detection of protrusion of screws in the groove for the extensor pollicis longus tendon (EPL) during plating of distal radial fractures. We also aimed to determine the optimum ...
Van Der Straeten C - - 2013
A retrospective study was conducted to investigate the changes in metal ion levels in a consecutive series of Birmingham Hip Resurfacings (BHRs) at a minimum ten-year follow-up. We reviewed 250 BHRs implanted in 232 patients between 1998 and 2001. Implant survival, clinical outcome (Harris hip score), radiographs and serum chromium ...
Komiya Tatsuhiko - - 2013
Reform of the Japanese postgraduate residency program has dramatically influenced the recruitment system. Because shortage of young cardiac surgeons is anticipated, an effective program for residents who want to become cardiac surgeons must be established at an earlier stage in surgical training. A 3-year cardiac surgery residency curriculum was developed ...
Miquel J - - 2013
Lymphomatoid papulosis (LyP) is a rare cutaneous lymphoproliferative disorder in children, which can rarely be associated with a cutaneous or systemic lymphoma. We report a 13-year-old girl who presented with typical LyP and pathological features of subtype A. Six months later, the patient presented with rapidly progressive peripheral and systemic ...
Llewelyn H - - 2013
Low standards in the NHS have been put down to a failure to make patients the focus of care that is also transparent. This paper defines clinical transparency as explaining each decision by pointing to the diagnosis for that decision and justifying each diagnosis with the findings that support it. ...
Jaimes Natalia - - 2013
Differentiating dysplastic nevi from melanoma remains one of the main objectives of dermoscopy. Melanomas tend not to manifest any of the benign patterns described for nevi and instead usually display chaotic dermoscopic morphologies. Melanomas located on the face, chronically sun-damaged skin, volar surfaces, nails, and mucosal surfaces have additional features ...
Bellucci Roberto - - 2013
To evaluate clinical outcomes and optical performance of the AT Lisa 909M diffractive multifocal toric intraocular lens (IOL). Multicenter study. Cohort study. The measured outcomes included refractive error; distance, near (40 cm), and intermediate (60 cm and 80 cm) visual acuities; defocus curve; rotational stability; and monocular and binocular photopic ...
Saini Ashish Kumar - - 2013
To present our experience in managing tumors in undescended testes (UDT) in the last 15 years at our institute, in an attempt to understand the tumor behavior and the optimum approach to management in these patients. This is a retrospective review of all patients with tumors in UDT who had registered ...
Donfrancesco Andrea A Stockholm, Sweden From - - 2013
Breast augmentation is one of the most commonly performed operations. Three-dimensional outcome simulation can be used to predict and demonstrate for the patient what the planned operation aims to achieve in terms of size and shape. However, there are still few studies in the literature that look at how close ...
Zhang Jingli - - 2013
Abstract In the brain, the four subunits of the α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptor, glutamate A1 (GluA1), GluA2, GluA3, and GluA4 form functionally different tetramers. Of these, GluA1 is very important. It forms calcium-permeable (without GluA2) AMPA receptors and induces the trafficking and integration of AMPA receptors within synaptic membranes. Increased ...
Walch G - - 2013
Osteoarthritis results in changes in the dimensions of the glenoid. This study aimed to assess the size and radius of curvature of arthritic glenoids. A total of 145 CT scans were analysed, performed as part of routine pre-operative assessment before total shoulder replacement in 91 women and 54 men. Only ...
Roche A J - - 2013
The two main categories of Achilles tendon disorder are broadly classified by anatomical location to include non-insertional and insertional conditions. Non-insertional Achilles tendinopathy is often managed conservatively, and many rehabilitation protocols have been adapted and modified, with excellent clinical results. Emerging and popular alternative therapies, including a variety of injections ...
Li Mei-Jin - - 2013
A novel naphthalene-2,3-diamine-2-salicylaldehyde (NS) ligand and its mononuclear copper(II) complex (CuNS) have been synthesized and structurally characterized. The UV-vis absorption and emission spectra of NS showed obvious changes on addition of Cu(2+) solution. The interaction of the compounds with calf thymus DNA and G-quadruplex DNA were investigated by spectroscopic methods ...
Rashid Hazim - - 2013
To investigate final-year dental students' perceived motivation for choosing dentistry as a professional career at one dental school in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Final-year dental students of Ajman University (n = 87) completed a questionnaire. Univariate and multivariate analysis of the data were undertaken using statistical software. A response rate of ...
Ballard Elizabeth D ED From the *Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore; and †National Institute of Mental Health, NIH, Bethesda, MD; ‡Department of Psychology, The Catholic University of America; and §Division of Emergency Medicine, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, - - 2013
Although validated suicide screening tools exist for use among children and adolescents presenting to emergency departments (EDs), the associations between screening positive for suicide risk and immediate psychiatric hospital admission or subsequent ED use, stratified by age, have not been examined. This is a retrospective cohort study of a consecutive ...
Stapleton John J - - 2013
The combination of simultaneous rupture of a tibialis anterior tendon and Charcot neuroarthropathy of the midfoot in a diabetic patient is a rare and challenging condition that can lead to major complications if not addressed appropriately. This article discusses a tibialis anterior tendon rupture that may have developed before or ...
Phan Giao Q - - 2013
Current FDA-approved therapeutic options for patients with metastatic melanoma include dacarbazine, interleukin 2, ipilimumab, vemurafenib, dabrafenib, and trametinib, but long-term tumor regression using available agents remains out of reach for most patients. Adoptive cell transfer (ACT) with autologous tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) has shown encouraging results in clinical trials, with evidence ...
Hieken Tina J - - 2013
ACOSOG Z11 and other studies showing little benefit to axillary dissection (ALND) for early-stage breast cancers with limited nodal disease have led to questioning the value of preoperative axillary imaging ± ultrasound-guided needle biopsy (USNB). Data are lacking on the value of this approach in identifying cases that fall outside ...
Colombaro Vanessa - - 2013
Ischaemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) to the kidney is a complex pathophysiological process that leads to acute renal failure and chronic dysfunction in renal allografts. It was previously demonstrated that during IRI, hyaluronan (HA) accumulates in the cortical and external medullary interstitium along with an increased expression of its main receptor, CD44, ...
Hu Ching-Hsuan CH Taoyuan and Taichung, Taiwan From the Center for Vascularized Composite Allotransplantation, Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung Medical College and Chang Gung University; the Department of Public Health, Chung Shan Medical University; and the Department of Family and Community Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University - - 2013
Vascularized composite allotransplantation is an emerging field of transplantation that provides a potential treatment for complex tissue defects after traumatic loss or tumor resection and for the repair of congenital abnormalities. However, vascularized composite allotransplantation recipients have suffered from acute and chronic graft rejection that is associated with oxidative stress. ...
Parker M - - 2013
A consecutive series of 320 patients with an intracapsular fracture of the hip treated with a dynamic locking plate (Targon Femoral Neck (TFN)) were reviewed. All surviving patients were followed for a minimum of two years. During the follow-up period 109 patients died. There were 112 undisplaced fractures, of which ...
Schott Timm Cornelius - - 2013
The success of retention with removable retainers is highly dependent on efficient patient compliance. The aim of this study was to quantify patient compliance with removable retainers using microelectronic wear-time documentation during the retention phase. One hundred patients, between 13 and 20 years of age, were retained with removable Hawley ...
Lanzafame Raymond J RJ Raymond J. Lanzafame, MD PLLC, Rochester, New - - 2013
Low level laser therapy (LLLT) has been used to promote hair growth. A double-blind randomized controlled trial was undertaken to define the safety and physiologic effects of LLLT on males with androgenic alopecia. Forty-four males (18-48 yo, Fitzpatrick I-IV, Hamilton-Norwood IIa-V) were recruited. A transition zone scalp site was selected; ...
Mulholland R Stephen RS Toronto, Ontario, Canada; New York, N.Y.; and Los Angeles, Calif. From private practice; the Division of Plastic Surgery and New York Head & Neck Institute, North Shore-Long Island Jewish Health System; and the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of California, Los - - 2013
The authors investigated the possibility of incorporating a well-vascularized, partial corticotomy of the anterolateral aspect of the tibia "in-series" with a dorsalis pedis fasciocutaneous free flap for oromandibular reconstruction. A cadaveric injection study was performed to characterize the vascular territory of the anterior tibial artery with regard to the surrounding ...
Josephs D H - - 2013
Several epidemiological studies have evaluated potential associations between allergy and risk of malignancy. It remains clear that the relationship between allergy and cancer is complex. Three hypotheses have been proposed to account for observed relationships: these are chronic inflammation, immunosurveillance, prophylaxis, and we propose adding a fourth: inappropriate T-helper 2 ...
Tempark Therdpong - - 2013
Flood is one of the most common natural disasters, which commonly occurs in all parts of the world. The effects of the disasters considerably become enormous problems to overall public health systems. Flood-related skin diseases are a portion of these consequences presenting with cutaneous manifestations and/or signs of systemic illnesses. ...
Jeremitsky Elan - - 2013
Patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) are assumed to be at an increased risk for pulmonary embolism (PE). Delay in the initiation of chemoprophylaxis and prophylactic placement of inferior vena cava filters have been advocated by some because of concerns for increased intracranial hemorrhage in the presence of prophylactic anticoagulation. ...
Michels Karin B KB 1] Obstetrics and Gynecology Epidemiology Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. [2] Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2013
Epigenome-wide association studies (EWAS) hold promise for the detection of new regulatory mechanisms that may be susceptible to modification by environmental and lifestyle factors affecting susceptibility to disease. Epigenome-wide screening methods cover an increasing number of CpG sites, but the complexity of the data poses a challenge to separating robust ...
Gray Nicola M - - 2013
People living with colorectal cancer are at risk of anxiety and depression. We investigated what factors were most highly associated with these. Four hundred and ninety-six people with colorectal cancer completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Data on functioning, symptoms, illness perceptions and social difficulties were collected by ...
Kakuta Erika - - 2013
The burden of health-care costs relative to gross domestic product in Japan is increasing. A large percentage (7.6% in 2009) of the Japanese gross domestic product has been spent on health care, and this percentage has been increasing annually. Soaring health-care costs have been recognised as a serious social problem. ...
Xia Zeyang Z Associate professor, Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, - - 2013
The orthodontic load system, especially ideal moment-to-force ratios, is the commonly used design parameter of segmental T-loops for canine retraction. However, the load system, including moment-to-force ratios, can be affected by the changes in canine angulations and interbracket distances. We hypothesized that clinical changes in canine position and angulation during ...
Inoue Ken-Ichiro - - 2013
The Handbook of Immunological Properties of Engineered Nanoparticles is a one-volume compendium of almost every conceivable aspect of immunotoxicity elicited by exposure to engineered nanomaterials. This book casts an all-encompassing net, resulting in the inclusion of topics ranging from analytical methods for nanomaterial characterization to the possibility of drug delivery. ...
Tang Xiaona - - 2013
Iron is essential for the survival of almost all organisms. Our current understanding of iron metabolism in different organisms suggests it is a partially conserved but not identical process. Many aspects of iron metabolism in insects remain poorly understood. This review summarizes what we know so far about insect iron ...
Zapf Matthew - - 2013
Our objective was to compare hospital charges and both perioperative and mid-term quality of life between single- (SILC) and multi-incision (MILC) laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a randomized controlled trial. Patients with acute or chronic biliary disease were invited to participate. Pain scores, quality of life, and perioperative outcomes were measured. Patients ...
Ujiki Michael B - - 2013
We report our short-term experience with peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) and compare perioperative outcomes with laparoscopic Heller myotomy (LHM) for achalasia. Patients from an institutional review board-approved protocol underwent POEM and were followed prospectively. Comparisons were made, in a prospective esophageal database, with patients who underwent LHM over the same ...
Becker Axel A Offenburg and Freiburg, Germany; and Palo Alto, Calif. From the Department of Traumatology and Hand Surgery, Klinikum Offenburg; Department of Medical Biometry and Statistics, German Cochrane Center, University Medical Center Freiburg; and Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Stanford University Medical - - 2013
Increasing awareness of the importance of evidence-based medicine is demonstrated not only by an increasing number of articles addressing it but also by a specialty-wide evidence-based medicine initiative. The authors critically analyzed the quality of reporting of randomized controlled trials published in this Journal over a 21-year period (1990 to ...
Lanting B A - - 2013
We measured the tension in the interosseous membrane in six cadaveric forearms using an in vitro forearm testing system with the native radial head, after excision of the radial head and after metallic radial head replacement. The tension almost doubled after excision of the radial head during simulated rotation of ...
Oulhen Nathalie - - 2013
The EMBO workshop 'Oocyte maturation and fertilization: lessons from canonical and emerging models' was held at the Oceanologic Observatory of Banyuls in France in June 2013 and was organized by Anne-Marie Geneviere, Olivier Haccard, Peter Lenart and Alex McDougall. A total of 78 participants shared their research on germline formation, ...
Zeher Margit - - 2013
Vasculitis is a heterogeneous group of rare disorders in which inflammation of blood vessels is the common feature. Due to the increasing number of diseases as well as overlaps and gaps in the definition and nomenclature, the classification criteria were constantly changing in the past decades. The classifications were based ...
Abichandani Sagar - - 2013
The authors wished to evaluate the comprehensive literature on carpal tunnel syndrome to discover work specific to carpal tunnel syndrome among dentists in order to determine whether there is any correlation with dentists having a higher prevalence of its occurrence. A review of dental literature involving carpal tunnel syndrome was ...
Dougherty Sarah M - - 2013
Physicians and other licensed health professionals are involved in force-feeding prisoners on hunger strike at the US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay (GTMO), Cuba, the detention center established to hold individuals captured and suspected of being terrorists in the wake of September 11, 2001. The force-feeding of competent hunger strikers ...
Ren G - - 2013
Bone marrow mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (BM-MSCs) can infiltrate into tumors and subsequently evolve into tumor resident MSCs in tumor microenvironment. In this study, using a mouse lymphoma model, we showed that the lymphoma resident MSCs (L-MSCs) are able to confer tumor-promoting property to the naïve cocultured BM-MSCs. Examination of cytokines ...
Sardar Samim - - 2013
In this study, we have investigated the efficacy of electron transfer processes in hematoporphyrin (HP) and iron hematoporphyrin ((Fe)HP) sensitized titania as potential materials for capturing and storing solar energy. Steady-state and picosecond-resolved fluorescence studies show the efficient photoinduced electron transfer processes in hematoporphyrin-TiO2 (HP-TiO2) and Fe(iii)-hematoporphyrin-TiO2 (Fe(iii)HP-TiO2) nanohybrids, which ...
Bertera Facundo M - - 2013
Abstract Nebivolol is a third generation beta blocker with endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) agonist properties. Considering the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the uncoupling of eNOS, we hypothesized that the preadministration of an antioxidant as tempol, could improve the hypotensive response of nebivolol in normotensive animals increasing ...
Dey P - - 2013
Estrogen receptor β (ERβ) is emerging as a critical factor in understanding prostate cancer biology. Although reduced in prostate cancer above Gleason grade 3, ERβ is a potential drug target at the initial stage of the disease. In human prostate cancer cells, we found that ERβ causes apoptosis by increasing ...
Wen Zhen - - 2013
A facile fluorine-mediated hydrothermal method was developed to synthesize mesoporous rhombic ZnO nanorod arrays. Fluorine ions play an essential role in the growth process. The novel ZnO nanorod array based gas sensor showed high performance for ethanol detection.
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