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Eilander W - - 2013
Orientation of the acetabular component influences wear, range of movement and the incidence of dislocation after total hip replacement (THR). During surgery, such orientation is often referenced to the anterior pelvic plane (APP), but APP inclination relative to the coronal plane (pelvic tilt) varies substantially between individuals. In contrast, the ...
Tamura S - - 2013
We investigated differences in the location and mode of labral tears between dysplastic hips and hips with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). We also investigated the relationship between labral tear and adjacent cartilage damage. We retrospectively studied 72 symptomatic hips (in 68 patients: 19 men and 49 women) with radiological evidence of ...
Stokes O M - - 2013
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis affects about 3% of children. Non-operative measures are aimed at altering the natural history to maintain the size of the curve below 40° at skeletal maturity. The application of braces to treat spinal deformity pre-dates the era of evidence-based medicine, and there is a paucity of irrefutable ...
Oulhen Nathalie - - 2013
The EMBO workshop 'Oocyte maturation and fertilization: lessons from canonical and emerging models' was held at the Oceanologic Observatory of Banyuls in France in June 2013 and was organized by Anne-Marie Geneviere, Olivier Haccard, Peter Lenart and Alex McDougall. A total of 78 participants shared their research on germline formation, ...
Dai Chunyan - - 2013
Bone is one of the main target organs for the lanthanides (Ln). Biodistribution studies of Tm-based compounds in vivo showed that bone had significant uptake. But the effect of Tm(3+) on primary mouse bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) has not been reported. So we investigated the effect and underlying mechanisms ...
Sólyom Réka - - 2013
Introduction: Children's sleep duration is decreasing in the last decade. Despite of the well known negative consequences, there are no data on children's sleep duration in Hungary and Romania. Aim: The aim of the authors was to assess sleep duration of school-age children in Hungary and Romania. Method: A self-edited ...
Tárnoki Adám Domonkos - - 2013
Twin studies play a role in examining the contribution of genetic variations and environmental factors responsible for the determination of phenotypic variables and of genetic linkage between genotypes. Hungarian twin studies, supported by three twin registries (among them two twin-database), date back to 1970s. Studies mainly focused on various congenital ...
Lee Gillian H M - - 2013
This study aimed to explore the preferred treatment for pre-school children with caries of different severities in primary teeth among general dental practitioners (GDPs) and specialists in paediatric dentistry (PDs) in Hong Kong, and to determine the difference in practice patterns between the groups. A random sample of 476 GDPs ...
Kakuta Erika - - 2013
The burden of health-care costs relative to gross domestic product in Japan is increasing. A large percentage (7.6% in 2009) of the Japanese gross domestic product has been spent on health care, and this percentage has been increasing annually. Soaring health-care costs have been recognised as a serious social problem. ...
Komiya Tatsuhiko - - 2013
Reform of the Japanese postgraduate residency program has dramatically influenced the recruitment system. Because shortage of young cardiac surgeons is anticipated, an effective program for residents who want to become cardiac surgeons must be established at an earlier stage in surgical training. A 3-year cardiac surgery residency curriculum was developed ...
Micheels Patrick - - 2013
With the proliferation of dermal fillers in the aesthetic workplace have come instructions from various manufacturers regarding dermal placement. Determination of injection needle location in the dermis has in large part been based on physician expertise, product and needle familiarity, and patient-specific skin characteristics. An understanding of the precise depth ...
Downie Jeanine B - - 2013
Although the use of the hyaluronic acid with cohesive polydensified matrix hyaluronic acid has been well explored in subjects with lighter skin (i.e., Fitzpatrick skin types I, II, and III), further exploration in subjects with Fitzpatrick skin types IV, V, and IV is warranted. The primary purpose of the study ...
Lorenc Z Paul - - 2013
Belotero Balance is a novel highly cross-linked hyaluronic acid that uses cohesive polydensified matrix technology to achieve cohesive gel; improved adaptation by the dermis; and a soft, smooth fill. Several studies have now compared Belotero Balance to bovine collagen and other hyaluronic acids. Two pivotal studies demonstrated the noninferiority and ...
Flynn Timothy Corcoran - - 2013
In this study, the authors sought to determine the molecular weight distribution of three hyaluronic acids-Belotero Balance, Restylane, and Juvéderm Ultra-and their rates of degradation following exposure to hyaluronidase. Lot consistency of Belotero Balance also was analyzed. Three lots of Belotero Balance were analyzed using liquid chromatography techniques. The product ...
Hazell Alan S - - 2013
Thiamine deficiency (TD) leads to Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE), in which focal histological lesions occur in periventricular areas of the brain. Recently, impaired neurogenesis has been reported in the hippocampus during the dietary form of TD, and in pyrithiamine-induced TD (PTD), a well-characterized model of WE. To further characterize the consequences ...
Yamalik Nermin - - 2013
As National Dental Associations and dental faculties can be considered as the two major institutions representing national organised dentistry, their further extended collaboration is crucial in responding to the many global oral health matters and issues. The main aim of the present study is to analyse the nature and extent ...
Wills A K - - 2013
It has been suggested that maternal vitamin D status in pregnancy influences the risk of asthma and atopy in the offspring. The epidemiological evidence to support these claims is conflicting and may reflect chance findings and differences in how vitamin D was assessed. To examine the association between blood total ...
Sundaram Hema H Rockville, Md.; Fairfax, Va.; and Milan, Italy From private - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to present new rheologic data for hyaluronic acid filler products, correlate them with recent tissue integration studies, and provide a scientific rationale for selecting appropriate products for volume replacement within different tissue levels and anatomical zones. A brief overview of the methodology of filler ...
Huh Ahrin A Private practice, Teaneck, - - 2013
Genetic influences on the development of malocclusion include heritable effects on both masticatory muscles and jaw skeletal morphology. Beyond genetic variations, however, the characteristics of muscle and bone are also influenced by epigenetic mechanisms that produce differences in gene expression. We studied 2 enzymes known to change gene expressions through ...
Hu Ching-Hsuan CH Taoyuan and Taichung, Taiwan From the Center for Vascularized Composite Allotransplantation, Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung Medical College and Chang Gung University; the Department of Public Health, Chung Shan Medical University; and the Department of Family and Community Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University - - 2013
Vascularized composite allotransplantation is an emerging field of transplantation that provides a potential treatment for complex tissue defects after traumatic loss or tumor resection and for the repair of congenital abnormalities. However, vascularized composite allotransplantation recipients have suffered from acute and chronic graft rejection that is associated with oxidative stress. ...
Siracusa Mark C MC Department of Microbiology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa; Institute for Immunology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2013
Basophils were discovered by Paul Ehrlich in 1879 and represent the least abundant granulocyte population in mammals. The relative rarity of basophils and their phenotypic similarities with mast cells resulted in this cell lineage being historically overlooked, both clinically and experimentally. However, recent studies in human subjects and murine systems ...
Gershuni Victoria V Department of Surgery and Institute for Minimally Invasive Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, - - 2013
We evaluated suturing skills performance and retention in senior medical students (MS4) at the beginning of their fourth year and 7 months later. MS4 students entering a surgery specialty were randomized to a proficiency-based suturing/knot-tying curriculum at the beginning of fourth year (Intervention, n = 11) versus no training (Control, ...
Kandasamy Sanjivan S Clinical associate professor, Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Western Australia, Nedlands, Western Australia, Australia; adjunct assistant professor, Center for Advanced Dental Education, Saint Louis University, St Louis, Mo. Electronic address: - - 2013
In this study, we evaluated the reliability and validity of 3 bite registrations in relation to condylar position in the glenoid fossae using magnetic resonance imaging in a symptom-free population. Nineteen subjects, 14 men and 5 women (ages, 20-39 years) without temporomandibular disorders were examined. Three bite registrations were taken ...
Krishnan Vinod V Professor, Department of Orthodontics, Sri Sankara Dental College, Trivandrum, Kerala, India. Electronic address: - - 2013
Publishing a scientific article in a journal with a high impact factor and a good reputation is considered prestigious among one's peer group and an essential achievement for career progression. In the drive to get their work published, researchers can forget, either intentionally or unintentionally, the ethics that should be ...
Teitelbaum Ezra N EN Department of Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, - - 2013
Peroral esophageal myotomy (POEM) differs from laparoscopic Heller myotomy (LHM) in that only the circular muscle layer of the esophagus is divided, the hiatus is not mobilized, and an antireflux procedure is not performed. The effect of these differences on anatomic and functional outcomes is unknown. Patients who underwent LHM ...
Cherenfant Jovenel J NorthShore University HealthSystems, Evanston, IL. Electronic address: - - 2013
The biologic potential of nonfunctioning pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs) is highly variable and difficult to predict before resection. This study was conducted to identify clinical and pathologic factors associated with malignant behavior and death in patients diagnosed with PNETs. We used International Classification of Diseases 9th edition codes to identify ...
Zhan Chun - - 2013
Dissolution and migration of manganese from cathode lead to severe capacity fading of lithium manganate-carbon cells. Overcoming this major problem requires a better understanding of the mechanisms of manganese dissolution, migration and deposition. Here we apply a variety of advanced analytical methods to study lithium manganate cathodes that are cycled ...
Legg David A - - 2013
The relationships of major arthropod clades have long been contentious, but refinements in molecular phylogenetics underpin an emerging consensus. Nevertheless, molecular phylogenies have recovered topologies that morphological phylogenies have not, including the placement of hexapods within a paraphyletic Crustacea, and an alliance between myriapods and chelicerates. Here we show enhanced ...
Gody Guillaume - - 2013
A long-standing challenge in polymer chemistry has been to prepare synthetic polymers with not only well-defined molecular weight, but also precisely controlled microstructure in terms of the distribution of monomeric units along the chain. Here we describe a simple and scalable method that enables the synthesis of sequence-controlled multiblock copolymers ...
Jacques Simon D M - - 2013
An emerging theme of modern composites and devices is the coupling of nanostructural properties of materials with their targeted arrangement at the microscale. Of the imaging techniques developed that provide insight into such designer materials and devices, those based on diffraction are particularly useful. However, to date, these have been ...
Tian Yancong - - 2013
According to transition state theory, the rate of a reaction that traverses multiple energy barriers is determined by the least stable (rate-determining) transition state. The preceding ('inner') energy barriers are kinetically 'invisible' but mechanistically significant. Here we show experimentally and computationally that the reduction rate of organic disulphides by phosphines ...
Liu Dazhi - - 2013
Small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) is the most significant neutron technique in terms of impact on science and engineering. However, the basic design of SANS facilities has not changed since the technique's inception about 40 years ago, as all SANS instruments, save a few, are still designed as pinhole cameras. Here ...
Adera Solomon - - 2013
Controlling wettability by varying surface chemistry and roughness or by applying external stimuli is of interest for a wide range of applications including microfluidics, drag reduction, self-cleaning, water harvesting, anti-corrosion, anti-fogging, anti-icing and thermal management. It has been well known that droplets on textured hydrophilic, that is superhydrophilic, surfaces form ...
Polley Daniel B - - 2013
Early binaural experience can recalibrate central auditory circuits that support spatial hearing. However, it is not known how binaural integration matures shortly after hearing onset or whether various developmental stages are differentially impacted by disruptions of normal binaural experience. Here we induce a brief, reversible unilateral conductive hearing loss (CHL) ...
Son Hyewon - - 2013
Ultrafast two-dimensional infrared (2DIR) spectroscopy was used to study H-bond exchange dynamics in aqueous NaPF6 solutions. Interestingly, there are two spectrally distinct hydrogen-bond (H-bond) configurations in aqueous NaPF6 solutions; water molecules that are H-bonded to PF6(-) ion (ODA) or other water molecules (ODW). These two spectrally distinct subsets of water ...
Patterson Dustin P - - 2013
Here we report the use of a self-assembling protein cage to sequester and solubilize recombinant proteins which are usually trafficked to insoluble inclusion bodies. Our results suggest that protein cages can be used as novel vehicles to rescue and produce soluble proteins that are otherwise difficult to obtain using conventional ...
Nakagawa Takafumi - - 2013
A platinum complex containing a tetracene dicarboxylic imide disulfide (TIDS) was synthesized and structurally characterized by X-ray analysis. Steady-state absorption and emission spectroscopy for Pt-TIDS revealed its extended π-conjugated structure. Excited state studies characterized its triplet state with a lifetime of 0.18-0.28 μs.
Haake Steve J - - 2013
Abstract Improvements in track and field sports have been attributed to factors such as population increase, drugs and new technologies, but previous research has found it difficult to distinguish the contributions from specific influences. Here it is shown how this is possible by means of a performance improvement index based ...
Wang Panpan - - 2013
An ultrasensitive photoelectrochemical (PEC) immunoassay was introduced into microfluidic paper-based analytical devices (μ-PADs) based on a multiple electron transfer system for the first time, which was constructed using narrow-band-gap semiconductor nanoparticles (NPs), wide-band-gap semiconductor NPs, and an electron-accepting medium.
Tejero Rubén - - 2013
A variety of cycloheptapyrane derivatives were prepared via Ni-catalyzed formal [8+3] cycloaddition of tropones with 1,1-cyclopropanediesters. The asymmetric version of the process can be achieved using either an enantiomerically enriched cyclopropane as the starting material or a racemic cyclopropane and a chiral Lewis acid.
Ueno Haruna - - 2013
Design and synthesis of a boronic acid based artificial receptor which selectively and effectively bound to a neurotransmitter, l-DOPA (), in aqueous media. In addition, the synthetic receptor was found to effectively inhibit the DDC (l-DOPA decarboxylase) enzymatic reaction under physiological conditions.
Xie Xiaochen - - 2013
The radical cation [1,2-B2{1,2-(MeN)2C6H4}2]˙(+) has been synthesised and its structure and bonding have been probed using a combination of X-ray crystallography, EPR spectroscopy and DFT calculations which show that it represents a new type of radical centred primarily on two N-heterocyclic units joined by a B2 linker but with only ...
Kubota Takayuki - - 2013
The consumption of probiotics by pregnant and lactating women may prevent the onset of allergic disorders in their children by increasing the concentrations of immunoactive agents such as cytokines in breast milk. Prebiotics such as fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) increase the number of beneficial organisms such as bifidobacteria. Thus, prebiotics may have ...
Zhou Chengcheng - - 2013
It has long been considered that the addition of cyclodextrins (CDs) disfavors the self-assembly of surfactants in dilute solutions since the hydrophobic effect is destroyed upon the formation of hydrophiphilic CD/surfactant inclusion complex. However, in this work, we found that β-CD/nonionic surfactant inclusion complexes are able to self-assemble into vesicles ...
Manfo Faustin Pascal Tsagué - - 2013
Abstract Context: Male infertility is one of the leading causes of social frustration and marginalization, mainly in the developing world. It is attributed to many factors including exposure to agropesticides such as manganese ethylenebis (dithiocarbamate) (maneb), which is one of the most frequently used fungicides in Cameroon. Previous reports support ...
Haglund Lena - - 2013
Abstract Aim: This paper reports the measurement properties of the Occupational Circumstances Assessment Interview and Rating Scale - Sweden (OCAIRS-S V2). The OCAIRS is a semi-structured interview and rating scale designed to capture, in detail, a person's occupational participation. The English version 4.0 has been translated into Swedish. The psychometric ...
Deckersbach Thilo - - 2013
OBJECTIVE At least 50% of individuals with bipolar disorder have a lifetime anxiety disorder. Individuals with both bipolar disorder and a co-occurring anxiety disorder experience longer illness duration, greater illness severity, and poorer treatment response. The study explored whether comorbid lifetime anxiety in bipolar patients moderates psychotherapy treatment outcome. METHOD ...
Gastin Paul B - - 2013
Abstract Children and adolescents mature at different rates such that individuals competing in the same competition may differ in physical and biological maturity despite being of similar chronological age. Whether or not differences translate into on-field performance in competition is relatively unknown. This study investigated the influence of biological maturity ...
Scogin Forrest - - 2013
Objectives: Substantial evidence indicates that depressed participants perform more poorly than nondepressed participants on a number of memory tasks. Cognitive deficits associated with depression (i.e., poor allocation of attention, poor encoding strategies), may help explain why depressed older adults are particularly prone to evidence poorer memory performance. Method: The present ...
Potkin Steven G - - 2013
Objective/Introduction Lurasidone is an atypical antipsychotic medication approved for the treatment of schizophrenia over a dose range of 40-160 mg/day. This study examined D2 receptor occupancy and its association with clinical improvement and side effects in patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder following repeated doses of 80, 120, or 160 ...
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