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Results 301 - 350 of 4300
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Van Der Straeten C - - 2013
A retrospective study was conducted to investigate the changes in metal ion levels in a consecutive series of Birmingham Hip Resurfacings (BHRs) at a minimum ten-year follow-up. We reviewed 250 BHRs implanted in 232 patients between 1998 and 2001. Implant survival, clinical outcome (Harris hip score), radiographs and serum chromium ...
Gougoulias N - - 2013
Most posterior hindfoot procedures have been described with the patient positioned prone. This affords excellent access to posterior hindfoot structures but has several disadvantages for the management of the airway, the requirement for an endotracheal tube in all patients, difficulty with ventilation and an increased risk of pressure injuries, especially ...
Roche A J - - 2013
The two main categories of Achilles tendon disorder are broadly classified by anatomical location to include non-insertional and insertional conditions. Non-insertional Achilles tendinopathy is often managed conservatively, and many rehabilitation protocols have been adapted and modified, with excellent clinical results. Emerging and popular alternative therapies, including a variety of injections ...
Larsson A - - 2013
Municipal home care workers provide high-quality services to an increasing proportion of elderly people living in private homes. The work environments and working conditions of these workers vary to a great extent, implying rapid priority-making among both employers and employees to ensure that the work can be performed in a ...
Tian Yanqing - - 2013
A fluorescent colorimetric pH sensor was developed by a polymerization of a monomeric fluorescein based green emitter (SM1) with a monomeric 2-dicyanomethylene-3-cyano-4,5,5-trimethyl-2,5-dihydrofuran derived red emitter (SM2) in poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate)-co-polyacrylamide (PHEMA-co-PAM) matrices. Polymerized SM1 (PSM1) in the polymer matrices showed bright emissions at basic conditions and weak emissions at acidic conditions. ...
Galve A - - 2013
The allelic frequencies of PRKAG3 gene (the RN gene) have been investigated in several pig breeds. R200Q mutation appear only in Hampshire pigs, whereas V199I mutation is most abundant in Iberian, Porco Celta or Bizaro, and less in breeds selected for muscularity as Duroc, Landrace and Pietrain. A thorough study ...
Gray Nicola M - - 2013
People living with colorectal cancer are at risk of anxiety and depression. We investigated what factors were most highly associated with these. Four hundred and ninety-six people with colorectal cancer completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Data on functioning, symptoms, illness perceptions and social difficulties were collected by ...
Gao H - - 2013
Breeding animals can be accurately evaluated using appropriate genomic prediction models, based on marker data and phenotype information. In this study, direct genomic values (DGV) were estimated for 16 traits of Nordic Total Merit (NTM) Index in Nordic Red cattle population using three models and two different response variables. The ...
Li Mei-Jin - - 2013
A novel naphthalene-2,3-diamine-2-salicylaldehyde (NS) ligand and its mononuclear copper(II) complex (CuNS) have been synthesized and structurally characterized. The UV-vis absorption and emission spectra of NS showed obvious changes on addition of Cu(2+) solution. The interaction of the compounds with calf thymus DNA and G-quadruplex DNA were investigated by spectroscopic methods ...
Allicock Marlyn - - 2013
Peer Connect matches cancer survivors and caregivers (guides) with those currently experiencing cancer-related issues seeking support (partners). Motivational interviewing (MI)-based communication skills are taught to provide patient-centered support. There is little guidance about MI-based applications with cancer survivors who may have multiple coping needs. This paper addresses the results and ...
Campbell Lisa C - - 2013
Cancer literacy and family cancer experiences have not been widely researched from the perspective of young adults. This study examined health literacy related to prostate cancer and family cancer awareness among a sample of 146 male and female college students. Results supported conventional wisdom that males would be more knowledgeable ...
Simonyi Gábor - - 2013
Hypertension is one of the most frequent chronic diseases as well as most important cardiovascular risk factors in developed countries. Blood pressure control to target levels can significantly decrease the risk for development of coronary artery disease, stroke, chronic renal disease and mortality. Adequately maintained blood pressure is very important ...
Zeher Margit - - 2013
Vasculitis is a heterogeneous group of rare disorders in which inflammation of blood vessels is the common feature. Due to the increasing number of diseases as well as overlaps and gaps in the definition and nomenclature, the classification criteria were constantly changing in the past decades. The classifications were based ...
Rashid Hazim - - 2013
To investigate final-year dental students' perceived motivation for choosing dentistry as a professional career at one dental school in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Final-year dental students of Ajman University (n = 87) completed a questionnaire. Univariate and multivariate analysis of the data were undertaken using statistical software. A response rate of ...
Salehi Sonja - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate oral rehydration therapy (ORT) products and their effect on plaque pH under normal and dry mouth conditions. Three commercial oral rehydration therapy products, prepared according to the manufacturers' instruction, plus a 10% glucose solution, which served as control, were tested in 10 ...
Nagarajappa Ramesh - - 2013
Active cigarette smoking is the major cause of lung cancer and an important established cause of cardiovascular disease mortality. Risks have been shown to increase with even light or intermittent active smoking. To assess the prevalence of smoking, age of initiation and the knowledge and attitude towards smoking among dental ...
Nascimento Antonio C - - 2013
This article presents an integrative literature review that analyses the advances and challenges in oral health care of the Brazilian primary health care system, based on a political agenda that envisages re-organising the unified health system (SistemaÚnico de Saúde - SUS). It is presumed that the actions suggested by the ...
Abichandani Sagar - - 2013
The authors wished to evaluate the comprehensive literature on carpal tunnel syndrome to discover work specific to carpal tunnel syndrome among dentists in order to determine whether there is any correlation with dentists having a higher prevalence of its occurrence. A review of dental literature involving carpal tunnel syndrome was ...
Singh Abhinav - - 2013
The health sector challenges in India like those in other low and middle income countries are formidable. India has almost one-third of the world's dental schools. However, provisions of oral health-care services are few in rural parts of India where the majority of the Indian population resides. Disparities exist between ...
Peng Ed - - 2013
It is unclear whether novice trainees can be taught safely to perform adult cardiac surgery without any impact on early or late outcomes. All patients (n = 1305) data were obtained from an externally validated, mandatory institutional database (2003-2010). 'Novice' is defined as a trainee who required substantial assistance or supervision to ...
Farias Daniele - - 2013
This work focuses on the kinetics of ethanol production by Scheffersomyces stipitis on xylose with the development of a mathematical model considering the effect of substrate and product concentrations on growth rate. Experiments were carried out in batch and continuous modes, with substrate concentration varying from 7.2 to 145 g L(-1). ...
Wang Chen - - 2013
Corynebacterium glutamicum wild type lacks the ability to utilize the xylose fractions of lignocellulosic hydrolysates. In the present work, we constructed a xylose metabolic pathway in C. glutamicum by heterologous expression of the xylA and xylB genes coming from Escherichia coli. Dilute-acid hydrolysates of corn cobs containing xylose and glucose ...
Zhou Nan-di - - 2013
Urethanase produced by Penicillium variabile was purified through ultrasonication, concentration by polyethylene glycol 20,000, and Superdex G-200 gel filtration chromatography. The molecular weight of urethanase was determined to be around 96 kDa by gel filtration. The purified enzyme showed a single band in SDS-PAGE with the molecular weight of ~13.7 kDa, which ...
Bertoux M - - 2013
Although Frontotemporal Dementia (FTD) is the second most common form of dementia after Alzheimer's disease, its diagnosis remains particularly challenging today. This is particularly true for the behavioral variant (bvFTD), the most common phenotype of FTD, which is characterised by dramatic changes in personal and social conduct. Novel clinical cognitive ...
Shimada Yutaka - - 2013
Esophagectomy in the prone position has recently been introduced as a less-invasive procedure for treating esophageal cancer. We herein present a case of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) treated with a bilateral thoracic approach in the prone position. The patient was a 69-year-old male diagnosed with middle thoracic ESCC. Computed ...
Radwan M M - - 2013
The objective of the study was to evaluate anti-apolipoprotein A-I (Apo A-I) and carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) as cardiovascular risk factors in Egyptian women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The study included 160 subjects, 80 women with SLE and 80 healthy women as a control group. Disease activity score (SLEDAI), ...
De Cock D - - 2013
The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of initial disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) combination therapy with steroids (ICTS) and DMARD monotherapy (IMT) on the clinical and radiologic evolution of patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) over a 2-year treatment period, applying tight control (TC) in daily practice. ...
Hultgren T - - 2013
We evaluated results at one year after surgical correction of internal rotation deformities in the shoulders of 270 patients with obstetric brachial plexus palsy. The mean age at surgery was 6.2 years (0.6 to 35). Two techniques were used: open subscapularis elongation and latissimus dorsi to infraspinatus transfer. In addition, ...
Jeys L - - 2013
We hypothesised that the use of computer navigation-assisted surgery for pelvic and sacral tumours would reduce the risk of an intralesional margin. We reviewed 31 patients (18 men and 13 women) with a mean age of 52.9 years (13.5 to 77.2) in whom computer navigation-assisted surgery had been carried out ...
Gebert C - - 2013
To date, all surgical techniques used for reconstruction of the pelvic ring following supra-acetabular tumour resection produce high complication rates. We evaluated the clinical, oncological and functional outcomes of a cohort of 35 patients (15 men and 20 women), including 21 Ewing's sarcomas, six chondrosarcomas, three sarcomas not otherwise specified, ...
Li Chaoyun - - 2013
Abstract Minocycline is a semisynthetic second-generation tetracycline derivative, and many publications provide evidence of its successful neuroprotection in a variety of animal models. We searched PubMed and Chinese CNKI databases from January 1992 to May 2012 for studies on minocycline in neurodegenerative diseases in rodents. A meta-analysis that adopted weighted ...
Ortiz-Rosario Alexis - - 2013
Abstract Here, we present a state-of-the-art review of the research performed on the brain-computer interface (BCI) technologies with a focus on signal processing approaches. BCI can be divided into three main components: signal acquisition, signal processing, and effector device. The signal acquisition component is generally divided into two categories: noninvasive ...
Gabbe B J - - 2013
We describe the routine imaging practices of Level 1 trauma centres for patients with severe pelvic ring fractures, and the interobserver reliability of the classification systems of these fractures using plain radiographs and three-dimensional (3D) CT reconstructions. Clinical and imaging data for 187 adult patients (139 men and 48 women, ...
Khurana Sukant - - 2013
Abstract With increasing use of various techniques to record optically and electrophysiologically from awake behaving animals and the growing developments of brain-machine interfaces, one might wonder if the use of acute-slice physiology is on its deathbed. Have we actually arrived at a stage where we can abandon the use of ...
Medina Francisco Javier - - 2013
Abstract It has been almost 40 years since Barker, Jalinous, and Freeston designed and used the first device of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). From then until now, this technique has evolved vertiginously, appearing a lot of new protocols and device modifications, which associated with new technologies complement and enhance the ...
Muir D - - 2013
We performed a retrospective review of a consecutive series of 178 Mobility total ankle replacements (TARs) performed by three surgeons between January 2004 and June 2009, and analysed radiological parameters and clinical outcomes in a subgroup of 129 patients. The mean follow-up was 4 years (2 to 6.3). A total ...
Eilander W - - 2013
Orientation of the acetabular component influences wear, range of movement and the incidence of dislocation after total hip replacement (THR). During surgery, such orientation is often referenced to the anterior pelvic plane (APP), but APP inclination relative to the coronal plane (pelvic tilt) varies substantially between individuals. In contrast, the ...
Tamura S - - 2013
We investigated differences in the location and mode of labral tears between dysplastic hips and hips with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). We also investigated the relationship between labral tear and adjacent cartilage damage. We retrospectively studied 72 symptomatic hips (in 68 patients: 19 men and 49 women) with radiological evidence of ...
Stokes O M - - 2013
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis affects about 3% of children. Non-operative measures are aimed at altering the natural history to maintain the size of the curve below 40° at skeletal maturity. The application of braces to treat spinal deformity pre-dates the era of evidence-based medicine, and there is a paucity of irrefutable ...
Oulhen Nathalie - - 2013
The EMBO workshop 'Oocyte maturation and fertilization: lessons from canonical and emerging models' was held at the Oceanologic Observatory of Banyuls in France in June 2013 and was organized by Anne-Marie Geneviere, Olivier Haccard, Peter Lenart and Alex McDougall. A total of 78 participants shared their research on germline formation, ...
Dai Chunyan - - 2013
Bone is one of the main target organs for the lanthanides (Ln). Biodistribution studies of Tm-based compounds in vivo showed that bone had significant uptake. But the effect of Tm(3+) on primary mouse bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) has not been reported. So we investigated the effect and underlying mechanisms ...
Sólyom Réka - - 2013
Introduction: Children's sleep duration is decreasing in the last decade. Despite of the well known negative consequences, there are no data on children's sleep duration in Hungary and Romania. Aim: The aim of the authors was to assess sleep duration of school-age children in Hungary and Romania. Method: A self-edited ...
Tárnoki Adám Domonkos - - 2013
Twin studies play a role in examining the contribution of genetic variations and environmental factors responsible for the determination of phenotypic variables and of genetic linkage between genotypes. Hungarian twin studies, supported by three twin registries (among them two twin-database), date back to 1970s. Studies mainly focused on various congenital ...
Lee Gillian H M - - 2013
This study aimed to explore the preferred treatment for pre-school children with caries of different severities in primary teeth among general dental practitioners (GDPs) and specialists in paediatric dentistry (PDs) in Hong Kong, and to determine the difference in practice patterns between the groups. A random sample of 476 GDPs ...
Kakuta Erika - - 2013
The burden of health-care costs relative to gross domestic product in Japan is increasing. A large percentage (7.6% in 2009) of the Japanese gross domestic product has been spent on health care, and this percentage has been increasing annually. Soaring health-care costs have been recognised as a serious social problem. ...
Komiya Tatsuhiko - - 2013
Reform of the Japanese postgraduate residency program has dramatically influenced the recruitment system. Because shortage of young cardiac surgeons is anticipated, an effective program for residents who want to become cardiac surgeons must be established at an earlier stage in surgical training. A 3-year cardiac surgery residency curriculum was developed ...
Hazell Alan S - - 2013
Thiamine deficiency (TD) leads to Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE), in which focal histological lesions occur in periventricular areas of the brain. Recently, impaired neurogenesis has been reported in the hippocampus during the dietary form of TD, and in pyrithiamine-induced TD (PTD), a well-characterized model of WE. To further characterize the consequences ...
Yamalik Nermin - - 2013
As National Dental Associations and dental faculties can be considered as the two major institutions representing national organised dentistry, their further extended collaboration is crucial in responding to the many global oral health matters and issues. The main aim of the present study is to analyse the nature and extent ...
Wills A K - - 2013
It has been suggested that maternal vitamin D status in pregnancy influences the risk of asthma and atopy in the offspring. The epidemiological evidence to support these claims is conflicting and may reflect chance findings and differences in how vitamin D was assessed. To examine the association between blood total ...
Huh Ahrin A Private practice, Teaneck, - - 2013
Genetic influences on the development of malocclusion include heritable effects on both masticatory muscles and jaw skeletal morphology. Beyond genetic variations, however, the characteristics of muscle and bone are also influenced by epigenetic mechanisms that produce differences in gene expression. We studied 2 enzymes known to change gene expressions through ...
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