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Results 301 - 350 of 4300
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Nagarajappa Ramesh - - 2013
Active cigarette smoking is the major cause of lung cancer and an important established cause of cardiovascular disease mortality. Risks have been shown to increase with even light or intermittent active smoking. To assess the prevalence of smoking, age of initiation and the knowledge and attitude towards smoking among dental ...
Nascimento Antonio C - - 2013
This article presents an integrative literature review that analyses the advances and challenges in oral health care of the Brazilian primary health care system, based on a political agenda that envisages re-organising the unified health system (SistemaÚnico de Saúde - SUS). It is presumed that the actions suggested by the ...
Abichandani Sagar - - 2013
The authors wished to evaluate the comprehensive literature on carpal tunnel syndrome to discover work specific to carpal tunnel syndrome among dentists in order to determine whether there is any correlation with dentists having a higher prevalence of its occurrence. A review of dental literature involving carpal tunnel syndrome was ...
Singh Abhinav - - 2013
The health sector challenges in India like those in other low and middle income countries are formidable. India has almost one-third of the world's dental schools. However, provisions of oral health-care services are few in rural parts of India where the majority of the Indian population resides. Disparities exist between ...
Peng Ed - - 2013
It is unclear whether novice trainees can be taught safely to perform adult cardiac surgery without any impact on early or late outcomes. All patients (n = 1305) data were obtained from an externally validated, mandatory institutional database (2003-2010). 'Novice' is defined as a trainee who required substantial assistance or supervision to ...
Farias Daniele - - 2013
This work focuses on the kinetics of ethanol production by Scheffersomyces stipitis on xylose with the development of a mathematical model considering the effect of substrate and product concentrations on growth rate. Experiments were carried out in batch and continuous modes, with substrate concentration varying from 7.2 to 145 g L(-1). ...
Wang Chen - - 2013
Corynebacterium glutamicum wild type lacks the ability to utilize the xylose fractions of lignocellulosic hydrolysates. In the present work, we constructed a xylose metabolic pathway in C. glutamicum by heterologous expression of the xylA and xylB genes coming from Escherichia coli. Dilute-acid hydrolysates of corn cobs containing xylose and glucose ...
Zhou Nan-di - - 2013
Urethanase produced by Penicillium variabile was purified through ultrasonication, concentration by polyethylene glycol 20,000, and Superdex G-200 gel filtration chromatography. The molecular weight of urethanase was determined to be around 96 kDa by gel filtration. The purified enzyme showed a single band in SDS-PAGE with the molecular weight of ~13.7 kDa, which ...
Bertoux M - - 2013
Although Frontotemporal Dementia (FTD) is the second most common form of dementia after Alzheimer's disease, its diagnosis remains particularly challenging today. This is particularly true for the behavioral variant (bvFTD), the most common phenotype of FTD, which is characterised by dramatic changes in personal and social conduct. Novel clinical cognitive ...
Shimada Yutaka - - 2013
Esophagectomy in the prone position has recently been introduced as a less-invasive procedure for treating esophageal cancer. We herein present a case of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) treated with a bilateral thoracic approach in the prone position. The patient was a 69-year-old male diagnosed with middle thoracic ESCC. Computed ...
Radwan M M - - 2013
The objective of the study was to evaluate anti-apolipoprotein A-I (Apo A-I) and carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) as cardiovascular risk factors in Egyptian women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The study included 160 subjects, 80 women with SLE and 80 healthy women as a control group. Disease activity score (SLEDAI), ...
De Cock D - - 2013
The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of initial disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) combination therapy with steroids (ICTS) and DMARD monotherapy (IMT) on the clinical and radiologic evolution of patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) over a 2-year treatment period, applying tight control (TC) in daily practice. ...
Hultgren T - - 2013
We evaluated results at one year after surgical correction of internal rotation deformities in the shoulders of 270 patients with obstetric brachial plexus palsy. The mean age at surgery was 6.2 years (0.6 to 35). Two techniques were used: open subscapularis elongation and latissimus dorsi to infraspinatus transfer. In addition, ...
Jeys L - - 2013
We hypothesised that the use of computer navigation-assisted surgery for pelvic and sacral tumours would reduce the risk of an intralesional margin. We reviewed 31 patients (18 men and 13 women) with a mean age of 52.9 years (13.5 to 77.2) in whom computer navigation-assisted surgery had been carried out ...
Gebert C - - 2013
To date, all surgical techniques used for reconstruction of the pelvic ring following supra-acetabular tumour resection produce high complication rates. We evaluated the clinical, oncological and functional outcomes of a cohort of 35 patients (15 men and 20 women), including 21 Ewing's sarcomas, six chondrosarcomas, three sarcomas not otherwise specified, ...
Li Chaoyun - - 2013
Abstract Minocycline is a semisynthetic second-generation tetracycline derivative, and many publications provide evidence of its successful neuroprotection in a variety of animal models. We searched PubMed and Chinese CNKI databases from January 1992 to May 2012 for studies on minocycline in neurodegenerative diseases in rodents. A meta-analysis that adopted weighted ...
Ortiz-Rosario Alexis - - 2013
Abstract Here, we present a state-of-the-art review of the research performed on the brain-computer interface (BCI) technologies with a focus on signal processing approaches. BCI can be divided into three main components: signal acquisition, signal processing, and effector device. The signal acquisition component is generally divided into two categories: noninvasive ...
Gabbe B J - - 2013
We describe the routine imaging practices of Level 1 trauma centres for patients with severe pelvic ring fractures, and the interobserver reliability of the classification systems of these fractures using plain radiographs and three-dimensional (3D) CT reconstructions. Clinical and imaging data for 187 adult patients (139 men and 48 women, ...
Khurana Sukant - - 2013
Abstract With increasing use of various techniques to record optically and electrophysiologically from awake behaving animals and the growing developments of brain-machine interfaces, one might wonder if the use of acute-slice physiology is on its deathbed. Have we actually arrived at a stage where we can abandon the use of ...
Medina Francisco Javier - - 2013
Abstract It has been almost 40 years since Barker, Jalinous, and Freeston designed and used the first device of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). From then until now, this technique has evolved vertiginously, appearing a lot of new protocols and device modifications, which associated with new technologies complement and enhance the ...
Muir D - - 2013
We performed a retrospective review of a consecutive series of 178 Mobility total ankle replacements (TARs) performed by three surgeons between January 2004 and June 2009, and analysed radiological parameters and clinical outcomes in a subgroup of 129 patients. The mean follow-up was 4 years (2 to 6.3). A total ...
Eilander W - - 2013
Orientation of the acetabular component influences wear, range of movement and the incidence of dislocation after total hip replacement (THR). During surgery, such orientation is often referenced to the anterior pelvic plane (APP), but APP inclination relative to the coronal plane (pelvic tilt) varies substantially between individuals. In contrast, the ...
Tamura S - - 2013
We investigated differences in the location and mode of labral tears between dysplastic hips and hips with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). We also investigated the relationship between labral tear and adjacent cartilage damage. We retrospectively studied 72 symptomatic hips (in 68 patients: 19 men and 49 women) with radiological evidence of ...
Stokes O M - - 2013
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis affects about 3% of children. Non-operative measures are aimed at altering the natural history to maintain the size of the curve below 40° at skeletal maturity. The application of braces to treat spinal deformity pre-dates the era of evidence-based medicine, and there is a paucity of irrefutable ...
Oulhen Nathalie - - 2013
The EMBO workshop 'Oocyte maturation and fertilization: lessons from canonical and emerging models' was held at the Oceanologic Observatory of Banyuls in France in June 2013 and was organized by Anne-Marie Geneviere, Olivier Haccard, Peter Lenart and Alex McDougall. A total of 78 participants shared their research on germline formation, ...
Dai Chunyan - - 2013
Bone is one of the main target organs for the lanthanides (Ln). Biodistribution studies of Tm-based compounds in vivo showed that bone had significant uptake. But the effect of Tm(3+) on primary mouse bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) has not been reported. So we investigated the effect and underlying mechanisms ...
Sólyom Réka - - 2013
Introduction: Children's sleep duration is decreasing in the last decade. Despite of the well known negative consequences, there are no data on children's sleep duration in Hungary and Romania. Aim: The aim of the authors was to assess sleep duration of school-age children in Hungary and Romania. Method: A self-edited ...
Tárnoki Adám Domonkos - - 2013
Twin studies play a role in examining the contribution of genetic variations and environmental factors responsible for the determination of phenotypic variables and of genetic linkage between genotypes. Hungarian twin studies, supported by three twin registries (among them two twin-database), date back to 1970s. Studies mainly focused on various congenital ...
Lee Gillian H M - - 2013
This study aimed to explore the preferred treatment for pre-school children with caries of different severities in primary teeth among general dental practitioners (GDPs) and specialists in paediatric dentistry (PDs) in Hong Kong, and to determine the difference in practice patterns between the groups. A random sample of 476 GDPs ...
Kakuta Erika - - 2013
The burden of health-care costs relative to gross domestic product in Japan is increasing. A large percentage (7.6% in 2009) of the Japanese gross domestic product has been spent on health care, and this percentage has been increasing annually. Soaring health-care costs have been recognised as a serious social problem. ...
Komiya Tatsuhiko - - 2013
Reform of the Japanese postgraduate residency program has dramatically influenced the recruitment system. Because shortage of young cardiac surgeons is anticipated, an effective program for residents who want to become cardiac surgeons must be established at an earlier stage in surgical training. A 3-year cardiac surgery residency curriculum was developed ...
Hazell Alan S - - 2013
Thiamine deficiency (TD) leads to Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE), in which focal histological lesions occur in periventricular areas of the brain. Recently, impaired neurogenesis has been reported in the hippocampus during the dietary form of TD, and in pyrithiamine-induced TD (PTD), a well-characterized model of WE. To further characterize the consequences ...
Yamalik Nermin - - 2013
As National Dental Associations and dental faculties can be considered as the two major institutions representing national organised dentistry, their further extended collaboration is crucial in responding to the many global oral health matters and issues. The main aim of the present study is to analyse the nature and extent ...
Wills A K - - 2013
It has been suggested that maternal vitamin D status in pregnancy influences the risk of asthma and atopy in the offspring. The epidemiological evidence to support these claims is conflicting and may reflect chance findings and differences in how vitamin D was assessed. To examine the association between blood total ...
Huh Ahrin A Private practice, Teaneck, - - 2013
Genetic influences on the development of malocclusion include heritable effects on both masticatory muscles and jaw skeletal morphology. Beyond genetic variations, however, the characteristics of muscle and bone are also influenced by epigenetic mechanisms that produce differences in gene expression. We studied 2 enzymes known to change gene expressions through ...
Krishnan Vinod V Professor, Department of Orthodontics, Sri Sankara Dental College, Trivandrum, Kerala, India. Electronic address: - - 2013
Publishing a scientific article in a journal with a high impact factor and a good reputation is considered prestigious among one's peer group and an essential achievement for career progression. In the drive to get their work published, researchers can forget, either intentionally or unintentionally, the ethics that should be ...
Teitelbaum Ezra N EN Department of Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, - - 2013
Peroral esophageal myotomy (POEM) differs from laparoscopic Heller myotomy (LHM) in that only the circular muscle layer of the esophagus is divided, the hiatus is not mobilized, and an antireflux procedure is not performed. The effect of these differences on anatomic and functional outcomes is unknown. Patients who underwent LHM ...
Cherenfant Jovenel J NorthShore University HealthSystems, Evanston, IL. Electronic address: - - 2013
The biologic potential of nonfunctioning pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs) is highly variable and difficult to predict before resection. This study was conducted to identify clinical and pathologic factors associated with malignant behavior and death in patients diagnosed with PNETs. We used International Classification of Diseases 9th edition codes to identify ...
Athanasiadis Yannis Y From the Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust (Athanasiadis, Nithyanandarajah, Trivedy, Bishop, A. Sharma) and the Bedford School (B. Sharma), Bedford, United - - 2013
We describe a simple technique to create a peripheral surgical iridotomy using a microvitreoretinal blade. The blade passes perpendicular to the iris dilator fibers to create a permanent opening. No author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned.
Wilson Gregory C GC Department of Surgery, University of Cincinnati Pancreatic Disease Center, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, - - 2013
This study aims to review surgical outcomes of pediatric patients undergoing total pancreatectomy with islet cell autotransplantation (TP/IAT) for the treatment of chronic pancreatitis (CP). All pediatric patients (≤18 years old) undergoing TP/IAT over a 10-year period (December 2002-June 2012) were identified for inclusion in a single-center, observational cohort study. ...
Valenzuela G A GA Wayne State University, 10000 Telegraph Road, Taylor, Michigan 48124, - - 2013
The outcome of high tibial osteotomy (HTO) deteriorates with time, and additional procedures may be required. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical and radiological outcomes between unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR) and total knee replacement (TKR) after HTO as well as after primary UKR. A total of ...
Kirby M M The Centre for Research in Primary and Community Care (CRIPACC), University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, Herts, - - 2013
To compare efficacy and tolerability between 100-mg and 50-mg sildenafil doses in five double-blind, placebo-controlled (DBPC) fixed-dose studies. Doses were compared for the change (baseline to end of 8-12 weeks of DBPC treatment) in score on the Erectile Function (EF) domain of the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF; from ...
Mali Prashant P Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2013
RNA-guided Cas9 nucleases derived from clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-Cas systems have dramatically transformed our ability to edit the genomes of diverse organisms. We believe tools and techniques based on Cas9, a single unifying factor capable of colocalizing RNA, DNA and protein, will grant unprecedented control over cellular ...
Michels Karin B KB 1] Obstetrics and Gynecology Epidemiology Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. [2] Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2013
Epigenome-wide association studies (EWAS) hold promise for the detection of new regulatory mechanisms that may be susceptible to modification by environmental and lifestyle factors affecting susceptibility to disease. Epigenome-wide screening methods cover an increasing number of CpG sites, but the complexity of the data poses a challenge to separating robust ...
Bosio Jose A JA Assistant professor, Department of Developmental Sciences/Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Marquette University, Milwaukee, Wis. Electronic address: - - 2013
An 8-mm anterior and posterior open bite caused by a tongue rest posture habit was closed in a 25-year-old man by means of mandibular soldered tongue spurs and without orthognathic surgery. All maxillary and mandibular first molars were extracted, and the spaces were closed. Inappropriate retention protocol allowed for relapse ...
Armitage James O JO Department of Medicine, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, - - 2013
T-cell lymphomas make up approximately 10-15% of lymphoid malignancies. The frequency of these lymphomas varies geographically, with the highest incidence in parts of Asia. The diagnosis of aggressive peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) is usually made using the WHO classification. The ability of hematopathologists to reproducibly diagnosis aggressive PTCL is lower ...
Kelly Elizabeth M EM Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan/University of Michigan Health Systems, 600 E. Lafayette, Mail Code 512C, Detroit, MI 48226., USA E-mail: - - 2013
Obesity may lead to the development of multiple chronic disease states, including hypertension, dyslipidemia, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Over a half billion adults worldwide are affected by obesity, and more than two-thirds of adults are either obese or overweight in the United States. Diet and exercise have been the ...
Lanzafame Raymond J RJ Raymond J. Lanzafame, MD PLLC, Rochester, New - - 2013
Low level laser therapy (LLLT) has been used to promote hair growth. A double-blind randomized controlled trial was undertaken to define the safety and physiologic effects of LLLT on males with androgenic alopecia. Forty-four males (18-48 yo, Fitzpatrick I-IV, Hamilton-Norwood IIa-V) were recruited. A transition zone scalp site was selected; ...
Torres-Lugo Madeline M Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez Campus, PO BOX 9000, Mayaguez, PR 00681, Puerto Rico. - - 2013
Clinical studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of hyperthermia as an adjuvant for chemotherapy and radiotherapy. However, significant clinical challenges have been encountered, such as a broader spectrum of toxicity, lack of patient tolerance, temperature control and significant invasiveness. Hyperthermia induced by magnetic nanoparticles in high-frequency oscillating magnetic fields, commonly termed ...
Verbalis Joseph G JG Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC. Electronic address: - - 2013
Hyponatremia is a serious, but often overlooked, electrolyte imbalance that has been independently associated with a wide range of deleterious changes involving many different body systems. Untreated acute hyponatremia can cause substantial morbidity and mortality as a result of osmotically induced cerebral edema, and excessively rapid correction of chronic hyponatremia ...
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