Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 4301
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Anderson Ryan James - - 2013
The benefit of somatostatin for the prevention of pancreatic fistula has been debated widely in the literature. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of somatostatin in preventing pancreatic fistulas and improving postoperative outcomes after pancreatic resection. Somatostatin improves postoperative outcomes after pancreatectomy. A review was performed ...
Ishikawa Takuro - - 2013
The aim of this systematic review was to synthesize and appraise the evidence of benefits of second-eye cataract extraction for visual function, patient-reported quality of life, falls, and driving ability among the elderly. We conducted a comprehensive search in MEDLINE using "surgery," "cataract extraction," "second eye," and "bilateral." Ten studies ...
van Rijn Gwyneth A - - 2013
We present 3 cases with oculocutaneous albinism in which a high refractive error was optically corrected by implantation of an Artisan iris-fixated phakic intraocular lens, with a follow-up of 8 to 14 years. No author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned.
Khasawneh Mohammad A - - 2013
The Gastrografin (GG) challenge was developed to predict the need for operative management in patients with small bowel obstruction (SBO). Although clinical trials have demonstrated that it is an effective diagnostic and therapeutic modality, these studies excluded patients with a history of abdominal/pelvic malignancy. This study aims to examine the ...
Walker Sarah K - - 2013
The spectrum of pediatric biliary tract disease is changing. The goal of this study was to examine the causes and comorbidities of pediatric gallbladder disease at our institution. We performed a retrospective chart review on consecutive patient at Kosair Children's Hospital who underwent cholecystectomy over a 9-year time period ending ...
Zhang Miao - - 2013
To follow-up the outcomes with patients who have had 2 consecutive "atypical foci suspicious for carcinoma (ATYP)" diagnoses from prostate biopsies. A total of 516 men who had prostate core biopsy specimens with 2 sequential diagnoses of ATYP from 2003 to 2012 from 1 institution were studied. Of the 516 ...
Seideman Casey A - - 2013
To evaluate the relative risk of prolonged urethral catheterization (PC), >48 hours, on artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) cuff erosion in a tertiary referral population. All men who had undergone AUS implantation or revision by multiple surgeons at our institution from 2000 to 2010 with ≥6 months of follow-up were reviewed for ...
Woo Jason R - - 2013
To describe a laparoscopic-assisted modification to the traditional open retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) to significantly shorten incision length and decrease morbidity of the laparotomy. We describe 3 patients who underwent primary RPLND using the laparoscopic-assisted cord excision for stage I nonseminomatous germ cell testicular tumors. Spermatic cord excision is ...
Huang Hsin-Lei - - 2013
Melamine and cyanuric acid (M/CA), when orally administered together to rats, can induce crystal formation within renal tubules and cause acute kidney injury. To investigate the pathomechanism of crystal-induced nephritis, melamine and/or cyanuric acid were administered to 3-week-old (young) and 8-week-old (adult) rats, respectively. Crystal formation, blood urea nitrogen elevation, ...
Jayanti Anuradha - - 2013
Resurgence of interest in home haemodialysis (HHD) is, in part, due to emerging evidence of the benefits of extended HD regimens, which are most feasibly provided in the home setting. Although specific HHD therapy established at home such as nocturnal HD (NHD) has been reported from individual programmes, little is ...
Chang Eric I - - 2013
The internal mammary vessels are commonly used as primary recipient vessels for free flap breast reconstruction. However, there is debate about the reliability of the left internal mammary vein. The authors explored the anatomy of the internal mammary vessels as revealed during free flap breast reconstruction to determine whether microvascular ...
Patel Kamlesh B - - 2013
Common variations in morphology of the medial crura have been described. The authors' observation is that changes in nasal tip projection depend on the shape and strength of the medial crura. The authors investigated how differences in medial crura shape affect tip projection after surgical intervention. Seventeen cadaver heads were ...
Yang Chao - - 2013
The tear trough and palpebromalar groove are of increasing interest to plastic surgeons, but their mechanisms of formation remain unclear. This study evaluated the anatomical foundation for tear trough and palpebromalar groove. Sagittal dissection and layered dissection were performed on 20 elderly cadaveric hemifaces with obvious tear troughs and palpebromalar ...
Balagué Nicolas - - 2013
The positive impact of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass on weight, comorbidities, and health-related quality of life is well documented. However, 50 percent of patients regain some of the lost weight after 2 years with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and present a mean weight regain of 10 to 15 percent after several years, ...
Core Grady B - - 2013
Effective lower eyelid blepharoplasty is possible in a virtually closed fashion without either an anterior subciliary skin incision or a transconjunctival incision, both of which put the patient at risk for lower lid retraction. Over a 6-year period, the author performed lower lid rejuvenation with only a lateral incision in ...
Mirastschijski Ursula - - 2013
Xenogenous dermal matrices are used for hernia repair and breast reconstruction. Full-thickness skin replacement is needed after burn or degloving injuries with exposure of tendons or bones. The authors used a human skin organ culture model to study whether porcine reconstructive tissue matrix (Strattice) is effective as a dermal tissue ...
Larson John V - - 2013
Little knowledge exists concerning replantation following traumatic major upper extremity amputation. This study characterizes the injury patterns and outcomes of patients suffering major upper extremity amputation and ascertains clinical factors associated with the decision to attempt replantation. A retrospective cohort study was conducted on patients treated at a Level I ...
Quigley Meghan A - - 2013
Among the most common complications associated with abdominal organ transplantation are issues with abdominal wall closure. This difficulty, along with the recent rise in the use of vascularized composite allotransplantation, has led surgeons to the notion of abdominal wall transplantation. The authors have developed a novel surgical model for a ...
Felice Peter A - - 2013
The authors' laboratory has previously demonstrated that deferoxamine promotes angiogenesis and bone repair in the setting of radiation therapy coupled with distraction osteogenesis. However, clinically relevant effects of deferoxamine administration on union rate and micro-computed tomographic and biomechanical parameters are unknown. The authors posit that administration of deferoxamine will increase ...
Bloom Jacob M P - - 2013
The mallet finger is a frequently encountered fingertip injury that leads to extensor lag of the distal phalanx. Classification systems stratify these injuries as ranging from soft-tissue disruption of the extensor mechanism alone to those that have articular involvement and volar subluxation. The management of mallet finger injuries varies based ...
Schmitt Taliah - - 2013
Tissue-engineered human flexor tendons may be an option to aid in reconstruction of complex upper extremity injuries with significant tendon loss. The authors hypothesize that human adipose-derived stem cells remain viable following reseeding on human tendon scaffolds in vivo and aid in graft integration. Decellularized human flexor tendons harvested from ...
Mulholland R Stephen - - 2013
The authors investigated the possibility of incorporating a well-vascularized, partial corticotomy of the anterolateral aspect of the tibia "in-series" with a dorsalis pedis fasciocutaneous free flap for oromandibular reconstruction. A cadaveric injection study was performed to characterize the vascular territory of the anterior tibial artery with regard to the surrounding ...
Manca Giorgio - - 2013
Keloids and hypertrophic scars are the result of abnormal healing responses and dermal tissue proliferation; current surgical procedures can give rise to exuberant scarring and permanent functional loss or disfigurement. Considering the promising results reported when treating keloids and hypertrophic scars with intralesional bleomycin injection and the enhanced effect of ...
Tiengo Cesare - - 2013
The use of biological meshes in management of infected abdominal hernias or in abdominal fields at high risk of infection (potentially contaminated or with relevant comorbidities) is well established. Available products include xenogenic patches or decellularized dermal allografts. Despite their biomechanical features, banked fascial allografts have not been investigated yet ...
Hidalgo David A - - 2013
After reading this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Assess patient physical characteristics to determine candidacy for mastopexy and select the most appropriate technique. 2. Understand current methods, their relative effectiveness, and key technical elements. 3. Become conversant with methods to fixate, redistribute, and autoaugment the parenchyma. 4. ...
Becker Axel - - 2013
Increasing awareness of the importance of evidence-based medicine is demonstrated not only by an increasing number of articles addressing it but also by a specialty-wide evidence-based medicine initiative. The authors critically analyzed the quality of reporting of randomized controlled trials published in this Journal over a 21-year period (1990 to ...
Ahdesmäki Miika - - 2013
Abstract Model selection between competing models is a key consideration in the discovery of prognostic multigene signatures. The use of appropriate statistical performance measures as well as verification of biological significance of the signatures is imperative to maximise the chance of external validation of the generated signatures. Current approaches in ...
Lees C - - 2013
Few data exist for counseling and perinatal management of women after an antenatal diagnosis of early-onset fetal growth restriction. Yet, the consequences of preterm delivery and its attendant morbidity for both mother and baby are far reaching. The objective of this study was to describe perinatal morbidity and mortality following ...
Deblieck Conni - - 2013
Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) remains a common postoperative complication that causes patient discomfort and increases health care costs. Clinicians use the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses (ASPAN) guideline to help prevent and treat PONV. However, the lack of standardized terminology in the electronic health record (EHR) and the lack ...
Han Guanghong - - 2013
Orthodontic forces produce a series of changes in dental pulp. However, no one has attempted to investigate the incidence of pulp necrosis after orthodontic therapy in the clinic. In this study, we aimed to investigate pulp vitality and histologic changes after the application of moderate and severe intrusive forces. Twenty-seven ...
Kudchadkar Ragini R - - 2013
The previous 2 years have been an exciting time in melanoma research, due in part to the approval of vemurafenib and ipilimumab for advanced melanoma. Increased knowledge of the molecular biology leading to melanoma has led to the development of several new agents that target specific oncogenes. The authors review ...
Fitch Kathryn - - 2013
Diabetes prevalence is increasing in the United States, yet the control of critical clinical metrics (e.g., hemoglobin A1c [A1c], blood pressure, and lipids) remains suboptimal. Lower A1c levels have been shown to be associated with lower diabetes complication rates, and reduced medical costs have been reported in individuals with diabetes ...
Schabert Vernon F - - 2013
Several anti-inflammatory biologic medications are available in the United States for the treatment of moderate-to-severe rheumatoid arthritis, moderate-to-severe psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, or ankylosing spondylitis. The tumor necrosis factor (TNF) blockers etanercept, adalimumab, and infliximab are approved for use in adults with any of these conditions, but predicting the annual costs ...
Kelly Elizabeth M - - 2013
Obesity may lead to the development of multiple chronic disease states, including hypertension, dyslipidemia, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Over a half billion adults worldwide are affected by obesity, and more than two-thirds of adults are either obese or overweight in the United States. Diet and exercise have been the ...
McKay Bailey D - - 2013
The process of discovering species is a fundamental responsibility of systematics. Recently, there has been a growing interest in coalescent-based methods of species delimitation aimed at objectively identifying species early in the divergence process. However, few empirical studies have compared these new methods with character-based approaches for discovering species. In ...
Wybourn Christopher A - - 2013
Biliary dyskinesia (BD) is described as biliary colic in the absence of gallstones. The diagnosis relies on imaging studies and decreased excretion of bile in response to cholecystokinin during quantitative cholescintigraphy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the success of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) for relieving symptoms in patients ...
Hieken Tina J - - 2013
ACOSOG Z11 and other studies showing little benefit to axillary dissection (ALND) for early-stage breast cancers with limited nodal disease have led to questioning the value of preoperative axillary imaging ± ultrasound-guided needle biopsy (USNB). Data are lacking on the value of this approach in identifying cases that fall outside ...
Claridge Jeffrey A - - 2013
The Northern Ohio Trauma System (NOTS) was created with the expressed goal of improving trauma care through collaboration, system-wide protocol implementation, and evidence-based process improvement. The primary goal of this study was to evaluate the mortality of trauma patients seen across the region after 2 years of beginning NOTS. Regional ...
Ujiki Michael B - - 2013
We report our short-term experience with peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) and compare perioperative outcomes with laparoscopic Heller myotomy (LHM) for achalasia. Patients from an institutional review board-approved protocol underwent POEM and were followed prospectively. Comparisons were made, in a prospective esophageal database, with patients who underwent LHM over the same ...
Naito Sei - - 2013
To investigate the prognosis and prognostic factors of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma who underwent metastasectomy. We sent questionnaires to Japanese hospitals. The questionnaires included data of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma who had their metastatic lesions removed between January 1988 and December 2009. We collected them and ...
Kanie Sayoko - - 2013
To investigate the effects of TRK-380, a selective β3-adrenoceptor (β3-AR) agonist, on voiding behavior in rats with pollakiuria and on carbachol (CCh)-induced bladder contraction in dogs. The voiding behavior of female Sprague Dawley rats was recorded continuously with a balance. Rats were intravesically pretreated with 2.5% formalin under isoflurane anesthesia. ...
Branford Olivier A - - 2013
Widespread adoption of the extended latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap in breast reconstruction has been limited by donor-site complications. The dissection plane may be either above or below the superficial layer of the thoracolumbar fascia, which may be transferred with the flap or retained on the back skin flaps. The aim ...
Donfrancesco Andrea - - 2013
Breast augmentation is one of the most commonly performed operations. Three-dimensional outcome simulation can be used to predict and demonstrate for the patient what the planned operation aims to achieve in terms of size and shape. However, there are still few studies in the literature that look at how close ...
Vasudevan Srikanth - - 2013
The rat model has had limited utility for the study of long nerve gaps because of the small size of the animal. The authors sought to develop a simple, effective rat model for reconstruction of long nerve gap defects. Fifteen rats had a sciatic nerve transection followed by reconstruction. Positive ...
Sabino Jennifer - - 2013
Combat injuries commonly result in massive bony and soft-tissue destruction within the extremities. These extremity wounds often require large free tissue transfers and/or composite flaps for definitive reconstruction. In U.S. military war trauma experience, the authors' practice has found the scapular flap increasingly useful for reconstruction of complex extremity injuries. ...
Ku Sae-Kwang - - 2013
High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) acts as a late mediator of vascular inflammatory conditions. Pellitorine (PT), an active amide compound from Asarum sieboldii, is known to possess antibacterial and anticancer properties. In this study, we investigated the anti-septic effects of PT against pro-inflammatory responses in human umbilical vein endothelial ...
Hardes J - - 2013
We evaluated the clinical results and complications after extra-articular resection of the distal femur and/or proximal tibia and reconstruction with a tumour endoprosthesis (MUTARS) in 59 patients (mean age 33 years (11 to 74)) with malignant bone or soft-tissue tumours. According to a Kaplan-Meier analysis, limb survival was 76% (95% confidence ...
Greco Ermanno - - 2013
To evaluate the role of co-transfer of embryos derived from vitrified oocytes accumulated during the previous modified natural cycles and an embryo developed from the last one as an alternative to repetitive single embryo transfer in a fresh modified natural cycle. Thirty-six patients underwent ICSI procedure with three frozen natural ...
Wähnert D - - 2013
The augmentation of fixation with bone cement is increasingly being used in the treatment of severe osteoporotic fractures. We investigated the influence of bone quality on the mechanics of augmentation of plate fixation in a distal femoral fracture model (AO 33 A3 type). Eight osteoporotic and eight non-osteoporotic femoral models ...
Parker M - - 2013
A consecutive series of 320 patients with an intracapsular fracture of the hip treated with a dynamic locking plate (Targon Femoral Neck (TFN)) were reviewed. All surviving patients were followed for a minimum of two years. During the follow-up period 109 patients died. There were 112 undisplaced fractures, of which ...
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