Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 4300
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Ishikawa Takuro - - 2013
The aim of this systematic review was to synthesize and appraise the evidence of benefits of second-eye cataract extraction for visual function, patient-reported quality of life, falls, and driving ability among the elderly. We conducted a comprehensive search in MEDLINE using "surgery," "cataract extraction," "second eye," and "bilateral." Ten studies ...
van Rijn Gwyneth A - - 2013
We present 3 cases with oculocutaneous albinism in which a high refractive error was optically corrected by implantation of an Artisan iris-fixated phakic intraocular lens, with a follow-up of 8 to 14 years. No author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned.
Khasawneh Mohammad A - - 2013
The Gastrografin (GG) challenge was developed to predict the need for operative management in patients with small bowel obstruction (SBO). Although clinical trials have demonstrated that it is an effective diagnostic and therapeutic modality, these studies excluded patients with a history of abdominal/pelvic malignancy. This study aims to examine the ...
Walker Sarah K - - 2013
The spectrum of pediatric biliary tract disease is changing. The goal of this study was to examine the causes and comorbidities of pediatric gallbladder disease at our institution. We performed a retrospective chart review on consecutive patient at Kosair Children's Hospital who underwent cholecystectomy over a 9-year time period ending ...
Zhang Miao - - 2013
To follow-up the outcomes with patients who have had 2 consecutive "atypical foci suspicious for carcinoma (ATYP)" diagnoses from prostate biopsies. A total of 516 men who had prostate core biopsy specimens with 2 sequential diagnoses of ATYP from 2003 to 2012 from 1 institution were studied. Of the 516 ...
Seideman Casey A - - 2013
To evaluate the relative risk of prolonged urethral catheterization (PC), >48 hours, on artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) cuff erosion in a tertiary referral population. All men who had undergone AUS implantation or revision by multiple surgeons at our institution from 2000 to 2010 with ≥6 months of follow-up were reviewed for ...
Woo Jason R - - 2013
To describe a laparoscopic-assisted modification to the traditional open retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) to significantly shorten incision length and decrease morbidity of the laparotomy. We describe 3 patients who underwent primary RPLND using the laparoscopic-assisted cord excision for stage I nonseminomatous germ cell testicular tumors. Spermatic cord excision is ...
Huang Hsin-Lei - - 2013
Melamine and cyanuric acid (M/CA), when orally administered together to rats, can induce crystal formation within renal tubules and cause acute kidney injury. To investigate the pathomechanism of crystal-induced nephritis, melamine and/or cyanuric acid were administered to 3-week-old (young) and 8-week-old (adult) rats, respectively. Crystal formation, blood urea nitrogen elevation, ...
Jayanti Anuradha - - 2013
Resurgence of interest in home haemodialysis (HHD) is, in part, due to emerging evidence of the benefits of extended HD regimens, which are most feasibly provided in the home setting. Although specific HHD therapy established at home such as nocturnal HD (NHD) has been reported from individual programmes, little is ...
Ahdesmäki Miika - - 2013
Abstract Model selection between competing models is a key consideration in the discovery of prognostic multigene signatures. The use of appropriate statistical performance measures as well as verification of biological significance of the signatures is imperative to maximise the chance of external validation of the generated signatures. Current approaches in ...
Lees C - - 2013
Few data exist for counseling and perinatal management of women after an antenatal diagnosis of early-onset fetal growth restriction. Yet, the consequences of preterm delivery and its attendant morbidity for both mother and baby are far reaching. The objective of this study was to describe perinatal morbidity and mortality following ...
Deblieck Conni - - 2013
Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) remains a common postoperative complication that causes patient discomfort and increases health care costs. Clinicians use the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses (ASPAN) guideline to help prevent and treat PONV. However, the lack of standardized terminology in the electronic health record (EHR) and the lack ...
Han Guanghong - - 2013
Orthodontic forces produce a series of changes in dental pulp. However, no one has attempted to investigate the incidence of pulp necrosis after orthodontic therapy in the clinic. In this study, we aimed to investigate pulp vitality and histologic changes after the application of moderate and severe intrusive forces. Twenty-seven ...
Kudchadkar Ragini R - - 2013
The previous 2 years have been an exciting time in melanoma research, due in part to the approval of vemurafenib and ipilimumab for advanced melanoma. Increased knowledge of the molecular biology leading to melanoma has led to the development of several new agents that target specific oncogenes. The authors review ...
Fitch Kathryn - - 2013
Diabetes prevalence is increasing in the United States, yet the control of critical clinical metrics (e.g., hemoglobin A1c [A1c], blood pressure, and lipids) remains suboptimal. Lower A1c levels have been shown to be associated with lower diabetes complication rates, and reduced medical costs have been reported in individuals with diabetes ...
Schabert Vernon F - - 2013
Several anti-inflammatory biologic medications are available in the United States for the treatment of moderate-to-severe rheumatoid arthritis, moderate-to-severe psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, or ankylosing spondylitis. The tumor necrosis factor (TNF) blockers etanercept, adalimumab, and infliximab are approved for use in adults with any of these conditions, but predicting the annual costs ...
McKay Bailey D - - 2013
The process of discovering species is a fundamental responsibility of systematics. Recently, there has been a growing interest in coalescent-based methods of species delimitation aimed at objectively identifying species early in the divergence process. However, few empirical studies have compared these new methods with character-based approaches for discovering species. In ...
Wybourn Christopher A - - 2013
Biliary dyskinesia (BD) is described as biliary colic in the absence of gallstones. The diagnosis relies on imaging studies and decreased excretion of bile in response to cholecystokinin during quantitative cholescintigraphy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the success of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) for relieving symptoms in patients ...
Hieken Tina J - - 2013
ACOSOG Z11 and other studies showing little benefit to axillary dissection (ALND) for early-stage breast cancers with limited nodal disease have led to questioning the value of preoperative axillary imaging ± ultrasound-guided needle biopsy (USNB). Data are lacking on the value of this approach in identifying cases that fall outside ...
Claridge Jeffrey A - - 2013
The Northern Ohio Trauma System (NOTS) was created with the expressed goal of improving trauma care through collaboration, system-wide protocol implementation, and evidence-based process improvement. The primary goal of this study was to evaluate the mortality of trauma patients seen across the region after 2 years of beginning NOTS. Regional ...
Ujiki Michael B - - 2013
We report our short-term experience with peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) and compare perioperative outcomes with laparoscopic Heller myotomy (LHM) for achalasia. Patients from an institutional review board-approved protocol underwent POEM and were followed prospectively. Comparisons were made, in a prospective esophageal database, with patients who underwent LHM over the same ...
Naito Sei - - 2013
To investigate the prognosis and prognostic factors of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma who underwent metastasectomy. We sent questionnaires to Japanese hospitals. The questionnaires included data of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma who had their metastatic lesions removed between January 1988 and December 2009. We collected them and ...
Kanie Sayoko - - 2013
To investigate the effects of TRK-380, a selective β3-adrenoceptor (β3-AR) agonist, on voiding behavior in rats with pollakiuria and on carbachol (CCh)-induced bladder contraction in dogs. The voiding behavior of female Sprague Dawley rats was recorded continuously with a balance. Rats were intravesically pretreated with 2.5% formalin under isoflurane anesthesia. ...
Ku Sae-Kwang - - 2013
High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) acts as a late mediator of vascular inflammatory conditions. Pellitorine (PT), an active amide compound from Asarum sieboldii, is known to possess antibacterial and anticancer properties. In this study, we investigated the anti-septic effects of PT against pro-inflammatory responses in human umbilical vein endothelial ...
Hardes J - - 2013
We evaluated the clinical results and complications after extra-articular resection of the distal femur and/or proximal tibia and reconstruction with a tumour endoprosthesis (MUTARS) in 59 patients (mean age 33 years (11 to 74)) with malignant bone or soft-tissue tumours. According to a Kaplan-Meier analysis, limb survival was 76% (95% confidence ...
Greco Ermanno - - 2013
To evaluate the role of co-transfer of embryos derived from vitrified oocytes accumulated during the previous modified natural cycles and an embryo developed from the last one as an alternative to repetitive single embryo transfer in a fresh modified natural cycle. Thirty-six patients underwent ICSI procedure with three frozen natural ...
Wähnert D - - 2013
The augmentation of fixation with bone cement is increasingly being used in the treatment of severe osteoporotic fractures. We investigated the influence of bone quality on the mechanics of augmentation of plate fixation in a distal femoral fracture model (AO 33 A3 type). Eight osteoporotic and eight non-osteoporotic femoral models ...
Parker M - - 2013
A consecutive series of 320 patients with an intracapsular fracture of the hip treated with a dynamic locking plate (Targon Femoral Neck (TFN)) were reviewed. All surviving patients were followed for a minimum of two years. During the follow-up period 109 patients died. There were 112 undisplaced fractures, of which ...
Matsumoto T - - 2013
The main form of treatment of a chordoma of the mobile spine is total en bloc spondylectomy (TES), but the clinical results are not satisfactory. Stand-alone carbon ion radiotherapy (CIRT) for bone and soft-tissue sarcomas has recently been reported to have a high rate of local control with a low ...
Fushimi K - - 2013
There have been a few reports of patients with a combination of lumbar and thoracic spinal stenosis. We describe six patients who suffered unexpected acute neurological deterioration at a mean of 7.8 days (6 to 10) after lumbar decompressive surgery. Five had progressive weakness and one had recurrent pain in ...
Lanting B A - - 2013
We measured the tension in the interosseous membrane in six cadaveric forearms using an in vitro forearm testing system with the native radial head, after excision of the radial head and after metallic radial head replacement. The tension almost doubled after excision of the radial head during simulated rotation of ...
Zhang Jingli - - 2013
Abstract In the brain, the four subunits of the α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptor, glutamate A1 (GluA1), GluA2, GluA3, and GluA4 form functionally different tetramers. Of these, GluA1 is very important. It forms calcium-permeable (without GluA2) AMPA receptors and induces the trafficking and integration of AMPA receptors within synaptic membranes. Increased ...
Walch G - - 2013
Osteoarthritis results in changes in the dimensions of the glenoid. This study aimed to assess the size and radius of curvature of arthritic glenoids. A total of 145 CT scans were analysed, performed as part of routine pre-operative assessment before total shoulder replacement in 91 women and 54 men. Only ...
Lee S K - - 2013
The aims of this study were to assess the efficacy of a newly designed radiological technique (the radial groove view) for the detection of protrusion of screws in the groove for the extensor pollicis longus tendon (EPL) during plating of distal radial fractures. We also aimed to determine the optimum ...
Baker P N - - 2013
Pre-operative variables are increasingly being used to determine eligibility for total knee replacement (TKR). This study was undertaken to evaluate the relationships, interactions and predictive capacity of variables available pre- and post-operatively on patient satisfaction following TKR. Using nationally collected patient reported outcome measures and data from the National Joint ...
Singh G - - 2013
The optimal management of the tibial slope in achieving a high flexion angle in posterior-stabilised (PS) total knee replacement (TKR) is not well understood, and most studies evaluating the posterior tibial slope have been conducted on cruciate-retaining TKRs. We analysed pre- and post-operative tibial slope differences, pre- and post-operative coronal ...
Scott C E H - - 2013
As many as 25% to 40% of unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR) revisions are performed for pain, a possible cause of which is proximal tibial strain. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of UKR implant design and material on cortical and cancellous proximal tibial strain in a ...
Van Der Straeten C - - 2013
A retrospective study was conducted to investigate the changes in metal ion levels in a consecutive series of Birmingham Hip Resurfacings (BHRs) at a minimum ten-year follow-up. We reviewed 250 BHRs implanted in 232 patients between 1998 and 2001. Implant survival, clinical outcome (Harris hip score), radiographs and serum chromium ...
Gougoulias N - - 2013
Most posterior hindfoot procedures have been described with the patient positioned prone. This affords excellent access to posterior hindfoot structures but has several disadvantages for the management of the airway, the requirement for an endotracheal tube in all patients, difficulty with ventilation and an increased risk of pressure injuries, especially ...
Roche A J - - 2013
The two main categories of Achilles tendon disorder are broadly classified by anatomical location to include non-insertional and insertional conditions. Non-insertional Achilles tendinopathy is often managed conservatively, and many rehabilitation protocols have been adapted and modified, with excellent clinical results. Emerging and popular alternative therapies, including a variety of injections ...
Larsson A - - 2013
Municipal home care workers provide high-quality services to an increasing proportion of elderly people living in private homes. The work environments and working conditions of these workers vary to a great extent, implying rapid priority-making among both employers and employees to ensure that the work can be performed in a ...
Tian Yanqing - - 2013
A fluorescent colorimetric pH sensor was developed by a polymerization of a monomeric fluorescein based green emitter (SM1) with a monomeric 2-dicyanomethylene-3-cyano-4,5,5-trimethyl-2,5-dihydrofuran derived red emitter (SM2) in poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate)-co-polyacrylamide (PHEMA-co-PAM) matrices. Polymerized SM1 (PSM1) in the polymer matrices showed bright emissions at basic conditions and weak emissions at acidic conditions. ...
Galve A - - 2013
The allelic frequencies of PRKAG3 gene (the RN gene) have been investigated in several pig breeds. R200Q mutation appear only in Hampshire pigs, whereas V199I mutation is most abundant in Iberian, Porco Celta or Bizaro, and less in breeds selected for muscularity as Duroc, Landrace and Pietrain. A thorough study ...
Gray Nicola M - - 2013
People living with colorectal cancer are at risk of anxiety and depression. We investigated what factors were most highly associated with these. Four hundred and ninety-six people with colorectal cancer completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Data on functioning, symptoms, illness perceptions and social difficulties were collected by ...
Gao H - - 2013
Breeding animals can be accurately evaluated using appropriate genomic prediction models, based on marker data and phenotype information. In this study, direct genomic values (DGV) were estimated for 16 traits of Nordic Total Merit (NTM) Index in Nordic Red cattle population using three models and two different response variables. The ...
Li Mei-Jin - - 2013
A novel naphthalene-2,3-diamine-2-salicylaldehyde (NS) ligand and its mononuclear copper(II) complex (CuNS) have been synthesized and structurally characterized. The UV-vis absorption and emission spectra of NS showed obvious changes on addition of Cu(2+) solution. The interaction of the compounds with calf thymus DNA and G-quadruplex DNA were investigated by spectroscopic methods ...
Allicock Marlyn - - 2013
Peer Connect matches cancer survivors and caregivers (guides) with those currently experiencing cancer-related issues seeking support (partners). Motivational interviewing (MI)-based communication skills are taught to provide patient-centered support. There is little guidance about MI-based applications with cancer survivors who may have multiple coping needs. This paper addresses the results and ...
Campbell Lisa C - - 2013
Cancer literacy and family cancer experiences have not been widely researched from the perspective of young adults. This study examined health literacy related to prostate cancer and family cancer awareness among a sample of 146 male and female college students. Results supported conventional wisdom that males would be more knowledgeable ...
Simonyi Gábor - - 2013
Hypertension is one of the most frequent chronic diseases as well as most important cardiovascular risk factors in developed countries. Blood pressure control to target levels can significantly decrease the risk for development of coronary artery disease, stroke, chronic renal disease and mortality. Adequately maintained blood pressure is very important ...
Zeher Margit - - 2013
Vasculitis is a heterogeneous group of rare disorders in which inflammation of blood vessels is the common feature. Due to the increasing number of diseases as well as overlaps and gaps in the definition and nomenclature, the classification criteria were constantly changing in the past decades. The classifications were based ...
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