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Results 251 - 300 of 4329
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Khan F - - 2013
Flexible ureteroscopes are expensive and delicate instruments that are integral in the offering of a minimally invasive technique of diagnosis and treatment of urolithiasis. Published literature has identified the importance of early damage recognition in preventing frequent use of the scope that would lead to further damage and high repair ...
Giacomel Jason - - 2013
Dermoscopy (dermatoscopy or surface microscopy) is an ancillary dermatologic tool that in experienced hands can improve the accuracy of diagnosis of a variety of benign and malignant pigmented skin tumors. The early and more accurate diagnosis of nonpigmented, or pink, tumors can also be assisted by dermoscopy. This review focuses ...
Stahl Stéphane S Tübingen and Stuttgart, Germany From the Department of Plastic, Hand and Reconstructive Surgery, Burn Center, BG-Trauma Center, the Institute for Clinical Epidemiology and Applied Biostatistics, and the University Department of Radiology, Eberhard-Karls-University Tübingen; and the Department for Plastic Surgery, Marienhospital - - 2013
Negative ulnar variance has been associated with Kienböck disease, both supporting a causal link and providing a basis for therapeutic recommendations. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a causal relationship between Kienböck disease and negative ulnar variance. The causal relationship between Kienböck disease and negative ...
Lavigne F - - 2013
The incidence of sleep-related breathing disorders is correlated with lower and upper airway inflammatory diseases, such as asthma and allergic rhinitis. We hypothesized that corticosteroids treatment would lead to a greater reduction in disease severity in obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) patients with concomitant allergic rhinitis vs. non-allergic OSAS patients ...
Dwyer Christopher R - - 2013
Routine, whole-body computed tomography imaging (PAN-SCAN) has been shown to identify unexpected injuries and alter the management of patients presenting with blunt trauma. We sought to characterize the changes in practice over time and the utility of PAN-SCAN imaging in elderly patients who fall and require admission to a trauma ...
Fiaschetti Valeria V Rome, Italy From the Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Molecular Imaging, Interventional Radiology, and Radiation Therapy, University Hospital Tor Vergata, and the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Policlinico Casilino, University Tor - - 2013
Breast lipofilling is a fairly simple and safe procedure if it is performed by experienced surgeons. The authors evaluated the radiologic findings from 24 breasts (15 women) subjected to a lipofilling procedure (two sessions) for corrective surgery or cosmetic reasons. Mammography, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging were performed before the ...
Khanduja V - - 2013
The FRCS (Tr & Orth) examination has three components: MCQs, Vivas and Clinical Examination. The Vivas are further divided into four sections comprising Basic Science, Adult Pathology, Hands and Children's Orthopaedics and Trauma. The Clinical Examination section is divided into Upper and Lower limb cases. The aim of this section ...
Wähnert D - - 2013
The augmentation of fixation with bone cement is increasingly being used in the treatment of severe osteoporotic fractures. We investigated the influence of bone quality on the mechanics of augmentation of plate fixation in a distal femoral fracture model (AO 33 A3 type). Eight osteoporotic and eight non-osteoporotic femoral models ...
Gougoulias N - - 2013
Most posterior hindfoot procedures have been described with the patient positioned prone. This affords excellent access to posterior hindfoot structures but has several disadvantages for the management of the airway, the requirement for an endotracheal tube in all patients, difficulty with ventilation and an increased risk of pressure injuries, especially ...
Agnew Patrick - - 2013
Pediatric first ray deformities may present in many ways similar to those effecting adults. However, these patients are not adults. Management of the patient and the deformity necessitates special consideration of timing, the patient's general health, techniques, and perhaps goals. Any simple broad brush approach to the care of these ...
Khasawneh Mohammad A - - 2013
The Gastrografin (GG) challenge was developed to predict the need for operative management in patients with small bowel obstruction (SBO). Although clinical trials have demonstrated that it is an effective diagnostic and therapeutic modality, these studies excluded patients with a history of abdominal/pelvic malignancy. This study aims to examine the ...
Larson John V JV East Lansing and Ann Arbor, Mich. From the College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University; and the Section of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of - - 2013
Little knowledge exists concerning replantation following traumatic major upper extremity amputation. This study characterizes the injury patterns and outcomes of patients suffering major upper extremity amputation and ascertains clinical factors associated with the decision to attempt replantation. A retrospective cohort study was conducted on patients treated at a Level I ...
Li Fan - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of parathyroid hormone injection on experimental tooth movement in rats. Sixty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 2 groups. Their maxillary right first molars were moved mesially with nickel-titanium closed-coil springs. The experimental group received daily subcutaneous injections of ...
Caterson E J EJ New York, N.Y. From the Institute of Reconstructive Plastic Surgery, New York University Langone Medical - - 2013
The classic Le Fort III procedure was recommended in syndromic craniosynostotic children to reduce exorbitism, improve airway function, and decrease dysmorphism. This study reports on a cohort of syndromic craniosynostosis patients who have undergone early primary subcranial (classic Tessier) Le Fort III advancement and who have been followed longitudinally through ...
Lee Gillian H M - - 2013
This study aimed to explore the preferred treatment for pre-school children with caries of different severities in primary teeth among general dental practitioners (GDPs) and specialists in paediatric dentistry (PDs) in Hong Kong, and to determine the difference in practice patterns between the groups. A random sample of 476 GDPs ...
Nagarajappa Ramesh - - 2013
Active cigarette smoking is the major cause of lung cancer and an important established cause of cardiovascular disease mortality. Risks have been shown to increase with even light or intermittent active smoking. To assess the prevalence of smoking, age of initiation and the knowledge and attitude towards smoking among dental ...
Deblieck Conni - - 2013
Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) remains a common postoperative complication that causes patient discomfort and increases health care costs. Clinicians use the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses (ASPAN) guideline to help prevent and treat PONV. However, the lack of standardized terminology in the electronic health record (EHR) and the lack ...
Kaya Burçak - - 2013
Many variables affecting smile esthetics and attractiveness have been evaluated. However, the influence of the interaction of several variables is not as well known. Furthermore, patients and dental professionals might view smile esthetics differently. Therefore, the purpose of this research was to evaluate the influence of the smile arc in ...
Boström Pontus A - - 2013
Exercise is known to prevent and treat metabolic diseases such as diabetes. However, the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood, and there is currently much focus on detailing such pathways. Traditionally, much emphasis has been placed on skeletal muscle; however, recently, nonmuscle organs such as adipose tissue have been highlighted ...
Tsujimura Akira - - 2013
To clarify the probability of low serum testosterone level as a risk factor for metabolic syndrome (MS) in middle-aged men, we measured serum total testosterone (TT) and assessed several metabolic factors because the direct risk for MS has not been investigated fully in men. This study comprised 1150 men aged ≥30 ...
Tiengo Cesare C Padova, Italy From the Clinic of Plastic Surgery, Padova University - - 2013
The use of biological meshes in management of infected abdominal hernias or in abdominal fields at high risk of infection (potentially contaminated or with relevant comorbidities) is well established. Available products include xenogenic patches or decellularized dermal allografts. Despite their biomechanical features, banked fascial allografts have not been investigated yet ...
Fushimi K - - 2013
There have been a few reports of patients with a combination of lumbar and thoracic spinal stenosis. We describe six patients who suffered unexpected acute neurological deterioration at a mean of 7.8 days (6 to 10) after lumbar decompressive surgery. Five had progressive weakness and one had recurrent pain in ...
Baker P N - - 2013
Pre-operative variables are increasingly being used to determine eligibility for total knee replacement (TKR). This study was undertaken to evaluate the relationships, interactions and predictive capacity of variables available pre- and post-operatively on patient satisfaction following TKR. Using nationally collected patient reported outcome measures and data from the National Joint ...
Simonyi Gábor - - 2013
Hypertension is one of the most frequent chronic diseases as well as most important cardiovascular risk factors in developed countries. Blood pressure control to target levels can significantly decrease the risk for development of coronary artery disease, stroke, chronic renal disease and mortality. Adequately maintained blood pressure is very important ...
Nascimento Antonio C - - 2013
This article presents an integrative literature review that analyses the advances and challenges in oral health care of the Brazilian primary health care system, based on a political agenda that envisages re-organising the unified health system (SistemaÚnico de Saúde - SUS). It is presumed that the actions suggested by the ...
van Bosse Harold Jacob Pieter - - 2013
Treatment of the neglected and the relapsed clubfoot is one of the most controversial topics in pediatric foot care. This article reviews the breadth of treatment options for practicing podiatrists or orthopedists with a specialty in complex clubfoot treatment. Discussion includes the appropriate circumstances for the use of the different ...
Akanno E C - - 2013
Genetic improvement of exotic and indigenous pigs in tropical developing countries is desired. Implementations of traditional selection methods on tropical pig populations are limited by lack of data recording and analysis infrastructure. Genome-wide selection (GS) provides an approach for achieving faster genetic progress without developing a pedigree recording system. The ...
Cherenfant Jovenel J NorthShore University HealthSystems, Evanston, IL. Electronic address: - - 2013
The biologic potential of nonfunctioning pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs) is highly variable and difficult to predict before resection. This study was conducted to identify clinical and pathologic factors associated with malignant behavior and death in patients diagnosed with PNETs. We used International Classification of Diseases 9th edition codes to identify ...
Quigley Meghan A MA Pittsburgh, Pa. From the Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh School of - - 2013
Among the most common complications associated with abdominal organ transplantation are issues with abdominal wall closure. This difficulty, along with the recent rise in the use of vascularized composite allotransplantation, has led surgeons to the notion of abdominal wall transplantation. The authors have developed a novel surgical model for a ...
Schmitt F A FA Departments of Neurology, Psychiatry, Behavioral Science, and Psychology, Sanders-Brown Center on Aging/Alzheimer's Disease Center, Lexington, KY, - - 2013
The Severe Impairment Battery (SIB), a reliable cognitive measure for evaluating treatment response in advanced Alzheimer's disease (AD), takes approximately 20 min to administer. A recently derived 8-item version of the SIB - the SIB-8 - which takes about 3 min to administer, may represent a more convenient tool for ...
Lee Justine C JC Chicago, Ill. From the Section of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Chicago Medical - - 2013
Composite cranial defects in the setting of infection, irradiation, or cerebrospinal fluid leak present a significant risk for devastating neurologic sequelae. Such defects require soft-tissue coverage and skeletal reconstruction that can withstand the hostile environment of a precarious wound. Patients with high-risk composite cranial defects treated with free flap reconstruction ...
Kimura S - - 2013
The long-term prognosis of Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is determined by the severity of renal involvement, known as HSP nephritis, which varies considerably from patient to patient. There is now increasing evidence that dysregulated cytokine production plays a crucial role in human autoimmune and inflammatory processes. To explore the possible contributions ...
Dinkla Sip - - 2013
Microparticles (MPs) are small plasma membrane-derived vesicles that can expose molecules originating from their parental cells. As vectors of biological information they are likely to play an active role in both homeostasis and pathogenesis, making them promising biomarkers and nanomedicine tools. Therefore, there is an urgent need for standardization of ...
Athanasiadis Yannis Y From the Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust (Athanasiadis, Nithyanandarajah, Trivedy, Bishop, A. Sharma) and the Bedford School (B. Sharma), Bedford, United - - 2013
We describe a simple technique to create a peripheral surgical iridotomy using a microvitreoretinal blade. The blade passes perpendicular to the iris dilator fibers to create a permanent opening. No author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned.
Pai Ashok - - 2013
To evaluate the California Cancer Registry in order to define nonclear cell renal cell cancer (RCC) clinical features and outcomes, identify prognostic variables, and generate hypotheses for further study. Patients with invasive RCC tumors in the California Cancer Registry from 1998 to 2009 (n = 38,251) were analyzed, of which 4483 ...
Medina Francisco Javier - - 2013
Abstract It has been almost 40 years since Barker, Jalinous, and Freeston designed and used the first device of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). From then until now, this technique has evolved vertiginously, appearing a lot of new protocols and device modifications, which associated with new technologies complement and enhance the ...
Singh G - - 2013
The optimal management of the tibial slope in achieving a high flexion angle in posterior-stabilised (PS) total knee replacement (TKR) is not well understood, and most studies evaluating the posterior tibial slope have been conducted on cruciate-retaining TKRs. We analysed pre- and post-operative tibial slope differences, pre- and post-operative coronal ...
Singh Abhinav - - 2013
The health sector challenges in India like those in other low and middle income countries are formidable. India has almost one-third of the world's dental schools. However, provisions of oral health-care services are few in rural parts of India where the majority of the Indian population resides. Disparities exist between ...
Sartini Claudio C Regional Center for Urban Areas, ARPA Emilia-Romagna, Via Rocchi 19, 40138 Bologna, Italy. - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of an urban area on ultrafine particle (UFP) concentration in nearby surrounding areas. We assessed how downwind and upwind conditions affect the UFP concentration at a site placed a few kilometres from the city border. Secondarily, we investigated the relationship ...
Kuo H-C - - 2013
Patients with spinal cord lesions and detrusor sphincter dyssynergia (DSD) may be treated with urethral sphincter botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) injection for difficult urination or detrusor BoNT-A injection for incontinence. Although objective data showed improvement, patients might not be satisfied with the result especially in quality of life (QOL) issue. ...
Kelly Elizabeth M EM Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan/University of Michigan Health Systems, 600 E. Lafayette, Mail Code 512C, Detroit, MI 48226., USA E-mail: - - 2013
Obesity may lead to the development of multiple chronic disease states, including hypertension, dyslipidemia, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Over a half billion adults worldwide are affected by obesity, and more than two-thirds of adults are either obese or overweight in the United States. Diet and exercise have been the ...
Seideman Casey A - - 2013
To evaluate the relative risk of prolonged urethral catheterization (PC), >48 hours, on artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) cuff erosion in a tertiary referral population. All men who had undergone AUS implantation or revision by multiple surgeons at our institution from 2000 to 2010 with ≥6 months of follow-up were reviewed for ...
McDaniel Jarred M JM Cleveland, Ohio; and Chicago, Ill. From the Department of Plastic Surgery, Case Western Reserve University; and the Division of Plastic Surgery, Lurie Children's Hospital of Northwestern University Feinberg School of - - 2013
Secondary cleft nasal deformity in children of primary school age can result in permanent impact to a child's self-esteem. The ideal technique and timing of addressing the deformity remain controversial, as harvest of septal cartilage affects nasal growth and limits future options. Fifty-three patients underwent secondary cleft nasoplasty with resorbable ...
Jeys L - - 2013
We hypothesised that the use of computer navigation-assisted surgery for pelvic and sacral tumours would reduce the risk of an intralesional margin. We reviewed 31 patients (18 men and 13 women) with a mean age of 52.9 years (13.5 to 77.2) in whom computer navigation-assisted surgery had been carried out ...
Farias Daniele - - 2013
This work focuses on the kinetics of ethanol production by Scheffersomyces stipitis on xylose with the development of a mathematical model considering the effect of substrate and product concentrations on growth rate. Experiments were carried out in batch and continuous modes, with substrate concentration varying from 7.2 to 145 g L(-1). ...
Wood Amber - - 2013
Covering lead aprons during operative or other invasive procedures Key words: lead apron, radiological exposure, personal protective equipment, PPE, gown. Terminal cleaning of sterile processing areas Key words: terminal cleaning, cleaning, sterile processing. Preventing transmission of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) Key words: carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, CRE, Klebsiella pneumoniaecarbapenemase, KPC, carbapenem, multidrug-resistant organism, ...
Bosio Jose A JA Assistant professor, Department of Developmental Sciences/Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Marquette University, Milwaukee, Wis. Electronic address: - - 2013
An 8-mm anterior and posterior open bite caused by a tongue rest posture habit was closed in a 25-year-old man by means of mandibular soldered tongue spurs and without orthognathic surgery. All maxillary and mandibular first molars were extracted, and the spaces were closed. Inappropriate retention protocol allowed for relapse ...
Hernández-Martín A - - 2013
Ectodermal dysplasia-skin fragility syndrome (EDSFS) is an autosomal recessive genodermatosis characterized by skin fragility, palmoplantar hyperkeratosis, onichodystrophy, perioral fissuring and noncicatricial alopecia. It is caused by plakophilin-1 (PKP1) deficiency, which results in desmosomal abnormality and poor intercellular cohesion between the epidermal cells. We report a case with a novel PKP1 ...
Lian W-C - - 2013
Type-2 diabetes is mainly the metabolic defect involving multiple organs. To conclude their intricate relationships, the term 'ominous octet' had been proposed to denote this phenomenon. In this study, we enrolled older men without any medications for MetS components to further elucidate the relationships between normoglycaemic state and MetS. We ...
Antoniou George A - - 2013
Despite the intuitive advantages of endovascular repair (EVAR) of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs), uncertainty remains about the optimal management in the absence of convincing high-quality evidence. Our objective was to undertake a comprehensive literature review and perform a meta-analysis of outcome data of treatment modalities for ruptured AAAs. Systematic ...
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