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Results 201 - 250 of 4301
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Colombaro Vanessa - - 2013
Ischaemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) to the kidney is a complex pathophysiological process that leads to acute renal failure and chronic dysfunction in renal allografts. It was previously demonstrated that during IRI, hyaluronan (HA) accumulates in the cortical and external medullary interstitium along with an increased expression of its main receptor, CD44, ...
Bailie George R - - 2013
To examine patterns of intravenous (IV) iron use across 12 countries from 1999 to 2011. Trends in iron use are described among 32 192 hemodialysis (HD) patients in the Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study. Adjusted associations of IV iron dose with serum ferritin and transferrin saturation (TSAT) values were ...
Maduell Francisco - - 2013
Patients must receive an adequate dialysis dose in each hemodialysis (HD) session. Ionic dialysance (ID) enables the dialysis dose to be monitored in each session. The aim of this study was to compare the achievement of Kt versus eKt/V values and to analyse the main impediments to reaching the dialysis ...
van Biesen Wim - - 2013
Volume status, lean and fat tissue are gaining interest as prognostic predictors in patients on dialysis. Comparative data in peritoneal dialysis (PD) versus haemodialysis (HD) patients are lacking. In a cohort of PD (EuroBCM) and HD (Euclid database) patients, matched for country, gender, age and dialysis vintage, body composition was ...
Isomura Emiko T - - 2013
Bifocal distraction osteogenesis has been shown to be a reliable method for reconstructing missing bone segments. However, there are no reports regarding inferior alveolar nerve regeneration during bifocal distraction. In the present study, the authors evaluated the function of inferior alveolar nerve regenerated by bifocal distraction after segmental resection in ...
Stahl Stéphane - - 2013
Negative ulnar variance has been associated with Kienböck disease, both supporting a causal link and providing a basis for therapeutic recommendations. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a causal relationship between Kienböck disease and negative ulnar variance. The causal relationship between Kienböck disease and negative ...
Shetye Pradip R - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to characterize soft-tissue profile changes following Le Fort III (midface) distraction in growing patients with syndromic craniosynostosis. The cohort consisted of 20 syndromic patients who underwent Le Fort III osteotomy with midface advancement using a rigid external distraction device. The mean age at surgery ...
Lee Justine C - - 2013
Composite cranial defects in the setting of infection, irradiation, or cerebrospinal fluid leak present a significant risk for devastating neurologic sequelae. Such defects require soft-tissue coverage and skeletal reconstruction that can withstand the hostile environment of a precarious wound. Patients with high-risk composite cranial defects treated with free flap reconstruction ...
Akita Shinsuke - - 2013
Subcutaneous ecchymosis caused by venous reflux is a preventable complication following lymphaticovenular anastomosis. The authors developed a series of operative procedures to prevent venous reflux. This is probably the first report on valvuloplasty for small subcutaneous veins (diameter, <1 mm). A total of 165 anastomoses in 39 limbs were operated ...
Levine Steven M - - 2013
Recent evolutions of oncologic breast surgery and reconstruction now allow surgeons to offer the appropriate patients a single-stage, autologous tissue reconstruction with the least donor-site morbidity. The authors present their series of buried free flaps in nipple-sparing mastectomies as proof of concept, and to explore indications, techniques, and early outcomes ...
Park Dae Hwan - - 2013
In ptosis surgery, not addressing the epicanthal fold leaves a persistent rounded nasal scleral triangle, which blunts the effect of ptosis repair and leads to patient dissatisfaction. To achieve satisfactory results, epicanthoplasty is usually performed with ptosis correction. Furthermore, surgeons usually choose epicanthoplasty methods based on personal preference, and no ...
Camenisch Colette C - - 2013
Macrolane is a biocompatible, biodegradable, injectable stabilized hyaluronic acid-based gel of nonanimal origin manufactured using the nonanimal stabilized hyaluronic acid technology. This was a substudy to evaluate localization, displacement, and degradation of the gel when used for volume restoration and shaping of the buttocks. Subjects aged 20 years or older ...
Zang Mengqing - - 2013
The authors have previously demonstrated promising results with tissue engineered trachea in vitro using decellularized matrix scaffolds. The present study aims to investigate the applicability of the construct in vivo. Tracheae harvested from Brown Norway rats (donor) and Lewis rats (recipient) were decellularized with repeated detergent-enzymatic treatment cycles. Decellularized Brown ...
Amsdell Simon L - - 2013
High-pressure injection injury to the hand and upper extremity is a rare but very serious clinical entity. The objective of this article was to review the current available literature and highlight important topics. A PubMed literature search was undertaken with the terms "high pressure injection injuries," "injection injuries," "finger injection ...
Seruya Mitchel - - 2013
Total vault reconstruction addresses all phenotypic aspects of scaphocephaly. The clinical implications of remodeling across open cranial sutures, however, remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to assess patency of unaffected sutures following total vault remodeling for isolated sagittal synostosis. The authors reviewed routine postoperative computed tomographic scans of ...
Caterson E J - - 2013
The classic Le Fort III procedure was recommended in syndromic craniosynostotic children to reduce exorbitism, improve airway function, and decrease dysmorphism. This study reports on a cohort of syndromic craniosynostosis patients who have undergone early primary subcranial (classic Tessier) Le Fort III advancement and who have been followed longitudinally through ...
Matic Marija - - 2013
Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are a family of enzymes involved in detoxification. Genes encoding for GSTA1, GSTM1, GSTP1, and GSTT1 proteins are polymorphic, which can result in complete or partial loss of enzyme activity. Previous studies have associated polymorphisms of GSTA1, GSTM1, and GSTP1 genes with a higher risk of bladder ...
Nayeemuddin Mohammed - - 2013
In 2000, the US Food and Drug Administration approved the da Vinci Surgical System® for use in the United States. Since that time, the number of surgical robotic systems throughout the United States has continued to grow. The costs for using the system include the initial purchase ($1 million to ...
Srai Jemnique Pal Kaur - - 2013
Despite the high prevalence of dental anxiety in children, there is little research examining anxiety before orthodontic procedures. This parallel-group randomized controlled trial assessed whether provision of additional multimedia information regarding the bond-up procedure affected anxiety in adolescent orthodontic patients. The effects of sex, ethnicity, and age were also investigated. ...
Munoz-Price L Silvia - - 2013
We describe 1,132 contacts between anesthesiologists and the operating room. Objects most commonly touched included anesthesia machines and keyboards. Only 13 hand hygiene events were witnessed during 8 hours of observations. Line insertions, bronchoscopies, or blood exposures were not followed by hand hygiene. Stopcocks were accessed 66 times and only disinfected ...
Li Fan - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of parathyroid hormone injection on experimental tooth movement in rats. Sixty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 2 groups. Their maxillary right first molars were moved mesially with nickel-titanium closed-coil springs. The experimental group received daily subcutaneous injections of ...
Schott Timm Cornelius - - 2013
The success of retention with removable retainers is highly dependent on efficient patient compliance. The aim of this study was to quantify patient compliance with removable retainers using microelectronic wear-time documentation during the retention phase. One hundred patients, between 13 and 20 years of age, were retained with removable Hawley ...
Kaya Burçak - - 2013
Many variables affecting smile esthetics and attractiveness have been evaluated. However, the influence of the interaction of several variables is not as well known. Furthermore, patients and dental professionals might view smile esthetics differently. Therefore, the purpose of this research was to evaluate the influence of the smile arc in ...
Ishida Takayoshi - - 2013
In nongrowing patients with skeletal Class II malocclusion, premolar extraction or maxillary distalization can be used as camouflage treatment. Zygomatic anchorage enables distalization in uncooperative or noncompliant patients. We describe 1 such procedure in a 24-year-old woman. We used novel improved superelastic nickel-titanium archwires combined with nickel-titanium open-coil springs to ...
de Barros Luiz Antonio Borelli - - 2013
Orthodontic extrusion with multidisciplinary treatment can provide predictable outcomes in selected situations, reducing the costs and the adaptation times of gingival tissues after implant integration. Forced orthodontic extrusion is strongly related to interactions of teeth with their supportive periodontal tissues. This article reports a case of orthodontic extrusion of the ...
Patel M - - 2013
Beta-agonist overuse is associated with adverse outcomes in asthma, however, the relationships between different metrics of salbutamol use and future risk are uncertain. To investigate the relationship between metrics of salbutamol use and adverse outcome. In a 24-week randomized controlled trial of 303 asthma patients at risk of severe exacerbations ...
Pinto L A - - 2013
Interferon-regulatory factors (IRFs) play a crucial role in immunity, not only influencing interferon expression but also T cell differentiation. IRF-4 was only recently recognized as a further major player in T cell differentiation. As IRF-1 polymorphisms were shown to be associated with atopy and allergy, we comprehensively investigated effects of ...
Miquel J - - 2013
Lymphomatoid papulosis (LyP) is a rare cutaneous lymphoproliferative disorder in children, which can rarely be associated with a cutaneous or systemic lymphoma. We report a 13-year-old girl who presented with typical LyP and pathological features of subtype A. Six months later, the patient presented with rapidly progressive peripheral and systemic ...
Warnock Aaron M - - 2013
Although the pediatric foot and ankle examination is essentially similar to that of the adult patient, there are subtle differences unique to a child's examination. The unique findings are discussed in this article based on the following: weight-bearing examination, gait evaluation, non-weight-bearing examination, vascular examination, neurologic examination, and dermatologic examination ...
Stapleton John J - - 2013
The combination of simultaneous rupture of a tibialis anterior tendon and Charcot neuroarthropathy of the midfoot in a diabetic patient is a rare and challenging condition that can lead to major complications if not addressed appropriately. This article discusses a tibialis anterior tendon rupture that may have developed before or ...
Vaquerizo Víctor - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety in a randomized, clinical trial of 3 injections of PRGF-Endoret (BTI Biotechnology Institute, Vitoria, Spain) versus one single intra-articular injection of Durolane hyaluronic acid (HA) (Q-MED AB, Uppsala, Sweden) as a treatment for reducing symptoms in patients with ...
- - 2013
hESC research is an ethically acceptable use of human embryos that are in excess of those needed to meet the fertility goals of patients. The ethical basis for this view and issues to be considered during the informed consent process for the donation of embryos are developed in this document. ...
Viljoen Adie - - 2013
The current lack of sufficient evidence of vitamin D's role in CVD calls for perspective and caution to avoid that health claims, vitamin D testing and supplementations' sales will continue to run well ahead of the scientific evidence.
Coyne K S - - 2013
Studies on the burden and comorbidities associated with urgency urinary incontinence (UUI) are difficult to compare, partly because of the evolution of definitions for lower urinary tract symptoms and the various instruments used to assess health-related quality of life (HRQL). This article summarises published evidence on comorbidities and the personal ...
Khan F - - 2013
Flexible ureteroscopes are expensive and delicate instruments that are integral in the offering of a minimally invasive technique of diagnosis and treatment of urolithiasis. Published literature has identified the importance of early damage recognition in preventing frequent use of the scope that would lead to further damage and high repair ...
Etzkorn Jeremy R - - 2013
The incidence of melanoma and nonmelanoma skin cancer continues to increase. To detect lesions at an earlier phase in their progression, skin cancer screening programs have been advocated by some. However, the effectiveness of skin cancer screening and the ideal population that these screenings should target have yet to be ...
Phan Giao Q - - 2013
Current FDA-approved therapeutic options for patients with metastatic melanoma include dacarbazine, interleukin 2, ipilimumab, vemurafenib, dabrafenib, and trametinib, but long-term tumor regression using available agents remains out of reach for most patients. Adoptive cell transfer (ACT) with autologous tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) has shown encouraging results in clinical trials, with evidence ...
Deneve Jeremiah L - - 2013
Cutaneous leiomyosarcoma is primarily a low-grade malignancy that affects elderly male Caucasians. It is a rare dermal-based tumor for which treatment algorithms have been poorly defined. We retrospectively reviewed the use of a median 1-cm margin for resection to treat patients with cutaneous leiomyosarcoma referred for treatment between 2005 and ...
Danno Karine - - 2013
Pharmacists play an increasing role in advising on treatment for minor illnesses such as influenza-like illness (ILI) or ear, nose, and throat (ENT) disorders. However, the profile of patients consulting pharmacists with these illnesses, the types of over-the-counter (OTC) medicines recommended by pharmacists, and the effectiveness of these treatments have ...
Samson Russell H - - 2013
Although controversial, carotid artery stenting (CAS) has been proposed as being safer than carotid endarterectomy (CEA) for patients with a contralateral internal carotid occlusion (CCO). Arguably, with a CCO, CAS should be even safer than CEA if a shunt is not used. Accordingly, we reviewed our experience with 2183 CEAs ...
Antoniou George A - - 2013
Despite the intuitive advantages of endovascular repair (EVAR) of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs), uncertainty remains about the optimal management in the absence of convincing high-quality evidence. Our objective was to undertake a comprehensive literature review and perform a meta-analysis of outcome data of treatment modalities for ruptured AAAs. Systematic ...
Puig Susana - - 2013
Early recognition is the most effective intervention to improve melanoma mortality. Early diagnosis of melanoma in atypical mole syndrome patients, however, may be challenging. Skin self-examination and periodic physician-based total-body skin examinations are recommended in atypical mole patients but dermoscopy, total-body photography, and digital dermatoscopy have been proved to improve ...
Ferrara Gerardo - - 2013
Spitz nevus can clinically present either in the classical (reddish pink) or the pigmented (brownish black) variant. Dermoscopy demonstrates that the pigmented variant is much more common than the classical variant; however, none of these show dermoscopic patterns clearly distinguishable from melanoma. Even histopathologically, a clear-cut differentiation between benign and ...
Giacomel Jason - - 2013
Dermoscopy (dermatoscopy or surface microscopy) is an ancillary dermatologic tool that in experienced hands can improve the accuracy of diagnosis of a variety of benign and malignant pigmented skin tumors. The early and more accurate diagnosis of nonpigmented, or pink, tumors can also be assisted by dermoscopy. This review focuses ...
Rudnicka Lidia - - 2013
Trichoscopy (hair and scalp dermoscopy) analyzes the structure and size of growing hair shafts, providing diagnostic clues for inherited and acquired causes of hair loss. Types of hair shaft abnormalities observed include exclamation mark hairs (alopecia areata, trichotillomania, chemotherapy-induced alopecia), Pohl-Pinkus constrictions (alopecia areata, chemotherapy-induced alopecia, blood loss, malnutrition), comma ...
Modery-Pawlowski Christa L - - 2013
Platelets are megakaryocyte-derived anucleated cells found in the blood. They are mainly responsible for rendering hemostasis or clotting to prevent bleeding complications. Decreased platelet numbers or deficiencies in platelet functions can lead to various acute or chronic bleeding conditions and hemorrhage. On the other hand, dysregulated hyperactivity of the clotting ...
McKelvey Karma L - - 2013
Background: Coordinated high-impact interventions and community-level changes in smoking behaviour norms effectively reduced prevalence of smoking among youth in many developed countries. Smoking trends among Jordanian adolescents are likely different than their Western counterparts and must be understood in the context of their daily lives to tailor interventions specifically for ...
Macdonald Justin A - - 2013
Nucleotide-binding domain and leucine-rich repeat-containing receptors (NLRs) regulate innate immunity by activating inflammatory responses in a variety of biological systems following the recognition of pathogen- or disease-associated molecular patterns. NLRs are characterized by a central nucleotide-binding and oligomerization (NACHT) domain found in P-loop NTPases. In this review, we detail the ...
Akanno E C - - 2013
Genetic improvement of exotic and indigenous pigs in tropical developing countries is desired. Implementations of traditional selection methods on tropical pig populations are limited by lack of data recording and analysis infrastructure. Genome-wide selection (GS) provides an approach for achieving faster genetic progress without developing a pedigree recording system. The ...
Chen L - - 2013
In beef cattle, phenotypic data that are difficult and/or costly to measure, such as feed efficiency, and DNA marker genotypes are usually available on a small number of animals of different breeds or populations. To achieve a maximal accuracy of genomic prediction using the phenotype and genotype data, strategies for ...
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