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Han Lianshu - - 2013
To explore the clinical feature, therapeutic effect and prognosis of isolated methylmalonic acidemia. The clinical characteristics, laboratory findings, treatment and outcome of 40 patients were retrospectively analyzed. The main treatment was a low-protein diet supplemented with L-carnitine and special milk free of leucine, valine, threonine and methionine. Vitamin B12 was ...
Li Juan - - 2013
To detect potential mutation in a Chinese family where two individuals were affected with hereditary congenital aniridia. Peripheral blood samples were taken for genomic DNA extraction. All of the 15 exons of PAX6 gene were amplified with PCR. The product were purified with gel electrophoresis and sequenced. In both patients, ...
Shen Tao - - 2013
Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) is a rare autosomal recessive disease initially reported by Bardet and Biedl in the 1920s. BBS is a pleiotropic and genetically heterogeneous disorder characterized by retinopathy, obesity, polydactyly, renal malformations and functional abnormalities, learning disabilities and hypogenitalism. BBS patients are also prone to diabetes mellitus, hypertension and ...
Gao Jing - - 2013
To investigate cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) gene polymorphism -629C/A among Han Chinese patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) in Tianjin region, and to assess the influence of genetic factors on therapeutic effect of atorvastatin and clinical outcome in order to provide a pharmacogenomic basis for personalized treatment. From October ...
Zheng Jifu - - 2013
To determine the frequency paired-box domain 5 (PAX5) gene alterations in B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) harboring 9p abnormalities and its implication for clinical prognosis. Bacterial artificial chromosomes RP11-344B23 and RP11-652D9 encompassing the PAX5 gene were selected. DNA was extracted with conventional method and labeled with fluorescein by nicking transition. ...
Yu Mengxia - - 2013
To explore the expression of BCL2L12 gene and its clinical significance for de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Real-time quantitative PCR (RQ-PCR) was employed to measure the expression of BCL2L12 gene in 134 patients with de novo AML. The results were correlated with clinical features of patients. BCL2L12 gene transcript ...
Wang Li - - 2013
To detect genetic mutations underlying non-syndromic hearing impairment (NSHI) and establish a method for prenatal diagnosis. Sixty six NSHI patients were included in this study. DNA was extracted from peripheral blood. Genetic mutations were detected by gene chip analysis and direct sequencing of GJB2 gene. For 7 pregnant women at ...
Kellam Melissa D - - 2013
The potential that forced-air warming systems may increase the risk of surgical site infections (SSIs) by acting as a vector or causing unwanted airflow disturbances is a concern to health care providers. To investigate this potential, we examined the literature to determine whether forced-air warming devices increase the risk of ...
Hicks Rodney W - - 2013
Perioperative nurses are likely to encounter the use of pneumatic tourniquets in a variety of operative and invasive extremity procedures. Use of a pneumatic tourniquet offers an opportunity to obtain a near-bloodless surgical field; however, the use of tourniquets is not without risk. Unfavorable outcomes include pain, thrombotic events, nerve ...
East Susan A - - 2013
Little research or attention has been paid to finding out whether wound closure with sutures or staples attains the best outcomes after saphenous vein harvest for coronary artery bypass grafting. We undertook a quality improvement project to compare the prevalence of leg wound complications (eg, infection, seroma, hematoma, dehiscence) between ...
Kaipatur Neelambar R - - 2013
The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the effect of long-term bisphosphonate drug use (bone burden) on orthodontic tooth movement in a rat model. Sprague Dawley rats were used for orthodontic protraction of the maxillary first molars with nickel-titanium coil springs and temporary anchorage devices as anchorage. Four ...
Yitschaky Oded - - 2013
The aims of this article are to introduce mandibular condylar pseudocysts to orthodontists, present 2 relevant case reports, and discuss possible differential diagnoses. Condylar pseudocyst is a radiologic variant of pterygoid fovea, which is the site of insertion of the lateral pterygoid muscle to the head of the mandibular condyle. ...
Hayashi Kazuo - - 2013
The primary objective of this study was to assess the accuracy and the reliability of the SureSmile OraScanner (Orametrix, Richardson, Tex) by comparing it with other desktop 3-dimensional scanners: VIVID910 (Konica Minolta, Tokyo, Japan) and R700 (3Shape, Copenhagen, Denmark). A laser-based scanner, the SLP250 Laser Probe (Laser Design, Detroit, Mich), ...
Han Frederick T - - 2013
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia encountered in clinical practice today. Until recently, the therapeutic approaches for AF have been limited by imperfect risk prediction models and suboptimal approaches for AF ablation. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the detection of left atrial (LA) fibrosis and correlation of these ...
Mills Lindsay C - - 2013
There are few reports of pediatric studies of atrial fibrillation (AF). We sought to describe the clinical characteristics, management strategies, and recurrence rates and to identify predictors of AF recurrence in a contemporary pediatric population. A retrospective review was performed of patients ≤ 18 years with lone AF who were ...
Andreasen Laura - - 2013
Both shortening and prolongation of the QTc interval have been associated with atrial fibrillation (AF). We investigated whether 8 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at loci previously shown to affect QTc interval duration were associated with lone AF. We included 358 patients diagnosed with lone AF (defined as onset of AF ...
Reikvam H - - 2013
Proliferative capacity of acute myelogenous leukaemia (AML) blasts is important for leukaemogenesis, and we have investigated whether proliferative capacity of primary human AML cells could be used for subclassification of patients. In vitro proliferative capacity of AML cells derived from two independent groups was investigated. Cells were cultured under highly ...
Chia Gloryn - - 2013
Abstract The remarkable ability of oocytes to reinstate the totipotent state from a unipotent somatic cell, allowing the cloning of animals and the generation of human stem cells, has fascinated scientists for decades. Due to the complexity of oocytes, it has remained challenging to understand the rapid reprogramming following nuclear ...
Nagura Saori - - 2013
Abstract Regenerative therapy is a new strategy for the end-stage heart failure; however, the ideal cell source has not yet been established for this therapy. We expected that the amnion might be an ideal cell source for cardiac regenerative therapy and that the differentiation potency of the human amnion mesenchymal ...
Ayuso P - - 2013
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are the medications most frequently involved in hypersensitivity drug reactions. Because NSAIDs are prescribed for many conditions, this is a world-wide problem affecting patients of all ages. Various hypersensitivity reactions have been reported, mainly affecting the skin and/or the respiratory airways. The most frequent of these ...
Josephs D H - - 2013
Several epidemiological studies have evaluated potential associations between allergy and risk of malignancy. It remains clear that the relationship between allergy and cancer is complex. Three hypotheses have been proposed to account for observed relationships: these are chronic inflammation, immunosurveillance, prophylaxis, and we propose adding a fourth: inappropriate T-helper 2 ...
Lavigne F - - 2013
The incidence of sleep-related breathing disorders is correlated with lower and upper airway inflammatory diseases, such as asthma and allergic rhinitis. We hypothesized that corticosteroids treatment would lead to a greater reduction in disease severity in obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) patients with concomitant allergic rhinitis vs. non-allergic OSAS patients ...
Baumann R - - 2013
Serum levels of IL-16, IL-33 and the decoy receptor of IL-33, soluble ST2, are elevated in allergic rhinitis. Recent studies show that IL-16, soluble ST2 or anti-IL-33 reduce type 2 cytokines (such as IL-5) and eosinophilia in murine models of allergic asthma or allergic rhinitis respectively. In this study, we ...
Wisniewski J A - - 2013
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is common in children; however, persistence of AD with or without asthma is less common. Longitudinal studies remain limited in their ability to characterize how IgE antibody responses evolve in AD, and their relationship with asthma. To use a cross-sectional study design of children with active AD ...
Li J - - 2013
Little is known about time trend of prevalence of asthma and the association between the changing prevalence and allergen sensitization in Chinese children. To determine the changes in prevalence of asthma and allergen sensitization in schoolchildren over a period of 15 years. A total of 6928 schoolchildren aged 13-14 years in 2009 ...
Tan J W-L - - 2013
Many children with IgE-mediated egg allergy can tolerate products containing extensively heated (baked) egg. Aside from food challenge, there are no tests which reliably predict tolerance to baked egg in egg-allergic individuals. To determine if skin prick test (SPT) to baked egg (muffin) and ovomucoid can predict the outcome of ...
Tony G - - 2013
Glomus tumours are benign tumours of the temperature-sensitive neuromyoarterial glomus body, present within the dermis, which are most commonly seen as solitary subungual lesions on the arms. Multiple glomus tumours or glomangiomas are a less common subtype of extradigital glomus tumours, which very rarely present as large plaque-like dermal lesions. ...
van der Geer S - - 2013
It is known that the incidence of skin cancer is rising rapidly worldwide, but no reliable figures on multiple nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) are available. To determine the actual incidence of skin cancer in dermatology practice and to estimate how this relates to the first primary tumours (registered at the ...
Kimura S - - 2013
The long-term prognosis of Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is determined by the severity of renal involvement, known as HSP nephritis, which varies considerably from patient to patient. There is now increasing evidence that dysregulated cytokine production plays a crucial role in human autoimmune and inflammatory processes. To explore the possible contributions ...
Pinder V A E - - 2013
Variegate porphyria is an autosomal dominant disorder that usually presents with photosensitivity and acute neurological crises in adulthood. It is caused by heterozygous mutations in the protoporphyrinogen oxidase gene (PPOX). A rarer variant, homozygous variegate porphyria (HVP), presents in childhood with recurrent skin blisters and scarring. More variable features of ...
Hernández-Martín A - - 2013
Ectodermal dysplasia-skin fragility syndrome (EDSFS) is an autosomal recessive genodermatosis characterized by skin fragility, palmoplantar hyperkeratosis, onichodystrophy, perioral fissuring and noncicatricial alopecia. It is caused by plakophilin-1 (PKP1) deficiency, which results in desmosomal abnormality and poor intercellular cohesion between the epidermal cells. We report a case with a novel PKP1 ...
Fahim Ramy - - 2013
Surgical management of the pediatric forefoot often brings challenges to the foot and ankle surgeon. It requires a thorough understanding of the pathologic abnormality and underlying causes involved, which include the contributing genetic conditions. Albeit most of the deformities carry a rare level of incidence, they do however have a ...
Agnew Patrick - - 2013
Pediatric first ray deformities may present in many ways similar to those effecting adults. However, these patients are not adults. Management of the patient and the deformity necessitates special consideration of timing, the patient's general health, techniques, and perhaps goals. Any simple broad brush approach to the care of these ...
van Bosse Harold Jacob Pieter - - 2013
Treatment of the neglected and the relapsed clubfoot is one of the most controversial topics in pediatric foot care. This article reviews the breadth of treatment options for practicing podiatrists or orthopedists with a specialty in complex clubfoot treatment. Discussion includes the appropriate circumstances for the use of the different ...
Nho Shane J - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare suture anchor placement in the acetabular rim between straight and curved drill guides regarding angle and distance of the suture anchor tip from the articular cartilage during labral refixation. A total of 14 fresh-frozen cadaveric hips underwent arthroscopic labral incision from the ...
Petrera Massimo - - 2013
This study aimed to determine the effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on the histologic, biochemical, and biomechanical properties of tissue-engineered cartilage. Chondrocytes isolated from bovine metacarpal-phalangeal articular cartilage were seeded on top of a porous ceramic substrate (calcium polyphosphate [CPP]). Cultures were supplemented with fetal bovine serum (FBS), PRP, or ...
Matlack Glenn R - - 2013
Prescribed burning is increasingly being used in the deciduous forests of eastern North America. Recent work suggests that historical fire frequency has been overestimated east of the prairie-woodland transition zone, and its introduction could potentially reduce forest herb and shrub diversity. Fire-history recreations derived from sedimentary charcoal, tree fire scars, ...
Tulloch Ayesha I T - - 2013
To choose among conservation actions that may benefit many species, managers need to monitor the consequences of those actions. Decisions about which species to monitor from a suite of different species being managed are hindered by natural variability in populations and uncertainty in several factors: the ability of the monitoring ...
Ryder R E J - - 2013
Recent suggestions that glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1)-based therapies could cause pancreatitis, and even pancreatic cancer, are based on: The worrying histological changes are not reproduced in all studies and are unexpectedly variable with different GLP-1-based therapies. Singh's findings that pancreatitis is doubled with GLP-1-based therapies could relate to their use in ...
Buster John E - - 2013
Female sexual dysfunctions (FSDs) range from short-term aggravations to major emotional disturbances adversely affecting family and workplace. This review highlights diagnosis and management of the four most widely diagnosed FSDs. It initially focuses on hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) as a driving force at the heart of all other FSDs; ...
Llewelyn H - - 2013
Low standards in the NHS have been put down to a failure to make patients the focus of care that is also transparent. This paper defines clinical transparency as explaining each decision by pointing to the diagnosis for that decision and justifying each diagnosis with the findings that support it. ...
Lian W-C - - 2013
Type-2 diabetes is mainly the metabolic defect involving multiple organs. To conclude their intricate relationships, the term 'ominous octet' had been proposed to denote this phenomenon. In this study, we enrolled older men without any medications for MetS components to further elucidate the relationships between normoglycaemic state and MetS. We ...
Ohlow M-A - - 2013
Internet has become a significant resource for dissemination of medical information. We sought to investigate prevalence and usage patterns of Internet access among consecutive patients with cardiovascular diseases. A cross-sectional study was performed using a questionnaire as study tool. Among patients with Internet access, the type of health information sought ...
Kuo H-C - - 2013
Patients with spinal cord lesions and detrusor sphincter dyssynergia (DSD) may be treated with urethral sphincter botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) injection for difficult urination or detrusor BoNT-A injection for incontinence. Although objective data showed improvement, patients might not be satisfied with the result especially in quality of life (QOL) issue. ...
Chatu S - - 2013
Increasing use of diagnostic imaging in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has led to concerns about the malignant potential of ionising radiation in a cohort that have an increased lifetime risk of gastrointestinal malignancy. The aim was to quantify radiation exposure in IBD patients referred from primary care, determine predictors of ...
Tempark Therdpong - - 2013
Flood is one of the most common natural disasters, which commonly occurs in all parts of the world. The effects of the disasters considerably become enormous problems to overall public health systems. Flood-related skin diseases are a portion of these consequences presenting with cutaneous manifestations and/or signs of systemic illnesses. ...
Lernia Vito Di - - 2013
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a human B-lymphotropic herpes virus and one of the most common viruses in humans. Specific skin signs related to EBV infection are the exanthem of mononucleosis, which is observed more frequently after ingestion of amoxicillin, and oral hairy leukoplakia, a disease occurring mostly in immunocompromised subjects ...
Caucanas Marie - - 2013
Background  The association of three neutrophilic dermatoses supports the concept of "neutrophilic disease" as a syndrome representing a continuous spectrum of clinical entities. Results  This report describes three neutrophilic pathologies arising in the same patient, in association with seronegative rheumatoid arthritis. The successive occurrence of erythema elevatum diutinum, pyoderma gangrenosum, ...
Martin Benjamin M - - 2013
The standard treatment of care for melanoma metastatic to the inguinal lymph node basin is lymphadenectomy. However, up to 50% of patients forgo the operation partly due to concerns about morbidity. Videoscopic inguinal lymphadenectomy (VIL) is a minimally invasive technique designed to minimize wound complications while achieving comparable oncological control. ...
Bello Danielle M - - 2013
Malignant melanoma is the most fatal type of skin cancer. Traditional melanoma classification has been based on histological subtype or anatomical location. However, recent evidence suggests that melanoma comprises a group of diseases characterized by distinct molecular mutations. These mutations affect disease behavior but provide unique opportunities for targeted therapy. ...
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