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Brooks Antone L - - 2013
My scientific journey started at the University of Utah chasing fallout. It was on everything, in everything, and was distributed throughout the ecosystem. This resulted in radiation doses to humans and caused me great concern. From this concern I asked the question, "Are there health effects from these radiation doses ...
Mettler Fred A FA - - 2013
The acute and chronic effects of radiation on children have been and will continue to be of great social, public health, scientific, and clinical importance. The focus of interest on ionizing radiation and children has been clear for over half a century and ranges from the effects of fallout from ...
Miller Donald L - - 2013
While it has been known for more than a century that radiation presents risks to both the physician and the patient, skin injuries from fluoroscopy became increasingly rare after the 1930s, and radiation risk from fluoroscopy appeared to be adequately controlled. However, beginning in approximately 1975, new technologies and materials ...
Schoch-Spana Monica - - 2013
The Rad Resilient City Checklist is a local planning tool that can help save tens of thousands of lives following a nuclear detonation. If prevention of nuclear terrorism fails, then reducing exposure to radioactive fallout is the intervention that can save the most lives following a nuclear detonation. Yet, most ...
Sakai Kazuo - - 2013
About 1 mo after the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant accident, which was caused by the Great East Japan earthquake and tsunami on 11 March 2011, Japanese authorities set a dose criterion for the use of school playgrounds in Fukushima at 20 mSv y based on the International Commission on ...
Paudel Mohan - - 2013
This article is a reflection about whether new public management (NPM) styles of reforms seen in other developing countries are also seen in Nepal, and to substantiate these facts with the available evidence and findings. The author saw the emergence of NPM ideas in Western industrialized countries like the United ...
Fury Matthew G - - 2013
Elevated expression of eukaryotic protein synthesis initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) in histologically cancer-free margins of resected head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs) is mediated by mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) and has been associated with increased risk of disease recurrence. Preclinically, inhibition of mTORC1 with everolimus sensitizes ...
Spalding Aaron C - - 2013
Radiation therapy remains an essential treatment for patients with parameningeal rhabdomyosarcoma (PMRMS), and early radiation therapy may improve local control for patients with intracranial extension (ICE). To address the role of radiation therapy timing in PMRMS in the current era, we reviewed the outcome from 2 recent clinical trials for ...
Oh Dongryul - - 2013
To investigate the prognostic role of metabolic response by the use of serial sets of positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in patients with cervical cancer who were treated with concurrent chemoradiation therapy (CCRT). A total of 60 patients who were treated with CCRT between February 2009 and December 2010 were ...
Suit Herman - - 2013
The purpose of this article is to review briefly the nature of protons: creation at the Big Bang, abundance, physical characteristics, internal components, and life span. Several particle discoveries by proton as the experimental tool are considered. Protons play important roles in science, medicine, and industry. This article was prompted ...
Karlsson Kristin - - 2013
To evaluate the dose-response relationship between radiation-induced atelectasis after stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) and bronchial dose. Seventy-four patients treated with SBRT for tumors close to main, lobar, or segmental bronchi were selected. The association between incidence of atelectasis and bronchial dose parameters (maximum point-dose and minimum dose to the ...
Farzaneh-Far Afshin - - 2013
Cardiac computed tomography angiography (CCTA) has rapidly emerged in recent years as a promising noninvasive imaging modality for the evaluation of coronary artery disease. This is predominantly because of its proven ability to exclude coronary stenosis in patients without a history of coronary artery disease and with a low-intermediate pre-test ...
Candela Silvia - - 2013
The few studies that have investigated the relationship between emissions from municipal solid-waste incinerators and adverse pregnancy outcomes have had conflicting results. We conducted a study to assess the effects of air emissions from the eight incinerators currently in operation in the Emilia-Romagna Region of Italy on reproductive outcomes (sex ...
Cousins Claire - - 2013
Modern medicine now demands rapid diagnosis and treatment often centered on multiple investigations using ionizing radiation, particularly computed tomography (CT). Technological development continues at a rapid pace, and there is also an inexorable rise in minimally invasive therapy using fluoroscopically guided techniques. This has offered great benefit to many patients, ...
McCollough Cynthia H - - 2013
Dose management in medical imaging is about using the right dose for the specific patient and the specific diagnostic task; since patients and diagnostic tasks vary widely, the applied doses must also vary widely. Thus, a large amount of the variation observed in the computed tomography (CT) doses applied in ...
Becker Steven M - - 2013
In response to the March 2011 earthquake-tsunami disaster and the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear accident, a special nongovernmental Radiological Emergency Assistance Mission flew to Japan from the United States. Invited by one of Japan's largest hospital and healthcare groups and facilitated by a New York-based international disaster relief organization, the mission ...
Mitchell Jamie A - - 2013
The article explores the disparate burden of prostate cancer among older African American men, and this population's minimal use of cancer early-detection strategies. Social epidemiology is introduced as an emerging field that studies the social context of disease with an emphasis on how macrostructural forces and human interactions affect population ...
Basu Jayasree - - 2013
The study examines the likelihood of adverse outcomes associated with selected hospital safety events for two groups of Medicare patients: those enrolled in health maintenance organizations (HMOs) versus those enrolled in fee-for-service (FFS) insurance plans. The authors hypothesize that HMO patients may receive different qualities of hospital services and/or physician ...
Sosulski Marya R - - 2013
This study utilized data from the National Survey of American Life to investigate the use of professional services and informal support among Black women with a lifetime mood, anxiety, or substance use disorder. Forty-seven percent combined professional services and informal support, 14% relied on professional services only, 2% used informal ...
Stjernswärd Sigrid - - 2013
Women are at a higher risk for long-term sick leaves and mental ill health. The aim of this study was to explore a supportive program's meaning for women with anxiety/stress/depression problems that are unemployed and/or on a sick leave, and for the personnel involved. Seven women and the personnel (n ...
Gass Eric - - 2013
Public health agencies are facing a convergence of forces that require a reexamination of the existing paradigm. The need to replace an aging workforce with a new generation that possesses a different worldview, in the context of budget austerity, will be challenging. In addition, the uncertainty of health care reform ...
Burson Herbert I - - 2013
This article describes the development, implementation, and termination of a primary care case management program in the State of Mississippi. The study provides policy makers with critical information as to factors associated with successful implementation of current health care initiatives.
Haldar Dibakar - - 2013
India is the first country in the world to implement a family planning program, and this program has succeeded in generating universal knowledge about family planning methods. In spite of this, there exists a wide gap between knowledge and acceptance of family planning methods reflecting an unmet need for contraception. ...
Ben-Hur Tamir - - 2013
The strong rationale for cell-based therapy in multiple sclerosis is based on the ability of stem and precursor cells of neural and mesenchymal origin to attenuate neuroinflammation, to facilitate endogenous repair processes, and to participate directly in remyelination, if directed towards a myelin-forming fate. However, there are still major gaps ...
Wu Yuxin - - 2013
Amphibian skin secretions contain a plethora of pharmacologically-active substances and represent established sources of bioactive peptides, including tachykinins. Tachykinins are one of the most widely-studied peptide families in animals and are found in neuroendocrine tissues from the lowest vertebrates to mammals. They are characterized by the presence of a highly-conserved ...
Pournaras D J - - 2013
The burden of type 2 diabetes is increasing. The prevention of the disease, improvement of metabolic control, and more importantly reduction in mortality remain a challenge for primary care doctors, diabetologists, researchers and policymakers. In this article, the available literature is reviewed with a focus on recent developments. Comparison between ...
Mueller Antje - - 2013
The 2012 renewed Chapel Hill Consensus Conference (CHCC) officially named three clinicopathological entities, i.e. granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA), and microscopic polyangiitis (MPA), as major variants of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitides (AAV). Recent genetic and cohort studies revealed the need for further differentiation between the ...
Pistoia Francesca - - 2013
One of the most controversial issues in the management of patients in a vegetative state or a minimally conscious state concerns their hypothetical capacity to continue to experience pain despite an apparent absence of self- and environmental awareness. Recent functional neuroimaging studies have shown a greater perception of pain in ...
Lahoti Sourabh - - 2013
Iatrogenic fungal infections of the central nervous system had been considered a medical curiosity. Generally, they are a rare isolated complication of neurosurgical procedures, but periodically these infections are observed in larger populations as a result of exposure to contaminated materials during diagnostic or therapeutic procedures. In the last year, ...
Via Michael A - - 2013
The incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) continues to rise worldwide. The management of T2D is challenging and therefore amenable to multimodality treatment options. Many published observations of obese individuals with T2D that have undergone bariatric surgery consistently demonstrate remarkable improvement and short-term remission of T2D. Recently published randomized trials ...
Roemer Lizabeth - - 2013
This article presents a brief conceptual overview of acceptance-based behavioral therapies (ABBTs) for anxiety disorders, followed by a review and summary of the recent efficacy studies of ABBTs for anxiety and comorbid disorders. We discuss clinical implications, including the importance of targeting reactivity and experiential avoidance in interventions for anxiety ...
Neskey David M DM Department of Head and Neck Surgery, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, - - 2013
Acinic cell carcinoma is a rare salivary neoplasm that is generally associated with a good prognosis, although a subset of patients develops local and distant recurrences. Given the rarity of the disease, factors to identify patients at risk for recurrences or decreased survival are not clearly defined. To identify clinicopathologic ...
Gomez Daniel R DR Department of Radiation Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas. Electronic address: - - 2013
Photon therapy has been reported to induce resets of implanted cardiac devices, but the clinical sequelae of treating patients with such devices with proton beam therapy (PBT) are not well known. We reviewed the incidence of device malfunctions among patients undergoing PBT. From March 2009 through July 2012, 42 patients ...
Lan Weizhong W *MD †PhD Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center (WL), State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China; and Section of Neurobiology of the Eye (WL, MF, FS), Center for Ophthalmology, University of Tuebingen, Tuebingen, - - 2013
Bright light is a potent inhibitor of myopia development in animal models. Because development of refractive errors has been linked to changes in choroidal thickness, we have studied in chickens whether bright light may exert its effects on myopia also through changes in choroidal thickness. Three-day-old chickens were exposed to ...
Azari Amir A AA Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, - - 2013
To establish that the intracranial and ophthalmologic findings present in victims of abusive head trauma can also be seen in shaken adults. We report 2 cases of shaken adults with intracranial and ophthalmologic findings that resulted from repetitive acceleration-deceleration injury. These findings included intracranial hemorrhages, hemorrhages involving the optic nerve ...
Kowalski Regis P RP The Charles T. Campbell Ophthalmic Microbiology Laboratory, UPMC Eye Center, Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences Research Center, the Eye and Ear Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, - - 2013
Acanthamoeba keratitis is a debilitating eye disease that requires effective topical drug therapy. Currently, there is no standard in vitro test to evaluate anti-Acanthamoeba drugs. To develop a practical in vitro complete-kill assay to assess anti-Acanthamoeba drugs. Isolates of Acanthamoeba strains (n = 15) evaluated in a clinical laboratory. An ...
Goel Arvind A aDivision of Nephrology/Department of Medicine bMaternal Fetal Medicine/Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2013
The review summarizes new observations of key roles for circulating angiogenic factors in diagnosing, managing, and treating preeclampsia. Alterations in circulating angiogenic factors (soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 and placental growth factor) in preeclampsia correlate with the diagnosis and adverse outcomes, particularly when the disease presents prematurely (<34 weeks). Measurement of ...
Dennis Kristen L KL aRobert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine bKnapp Center for Biomedical Discovery, Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, - - 2013
Tumor growth elicits antigen-specific cytotoxic as well as immune suppressive responses. Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is a key immune-suppressive cytokine produced by regulatory T-cells and by helper T-cells. Here, we review pleiotropic functions of IL-10 that impact the immune pathology of cancer. The role of IL-10 in cancer has become less certain ...
Irwin Michael R MR Cousins Center for Psychoneuroimmunology, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, David Gefffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, 300 UCLA Medical Plaza, Room 3130, Los Angeles, CA, 90095-7076, USA, - - 2013
Over two-thirds of the 11.4 million cancer survivors in the United States can expect long-term survival, with many others living with cancer as a chronic disease controlled by ongoing therapy. Behavioral comorbidities often arise during treatment and persist long term to complicate survival and reduce quality of life. This review ...
Greco Carol M CM UPMC Shadyside Center for Integrative Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 580 South Aiken Avenue, Suite 310, Pittsburgh, PA, 15232, USA, - - 2013
It is estimated that over 50 % of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have utilized complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) treatments to reduce symptoms and manage their health. However, there are relatively few randomized controlled trials of CAM for SLE. This review describes recent studies of vitamins and supplements, ...
Jani Shyam S SS Department of Radiation Oncology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, California. Electronic address: - - 2013
To quantitatively compare the accuracy of tumor volume segmentation in amplitude-based and phase-based respiratory gating algorithms in respiratory-correlated positron emission tomography (PET). List-mode fluorodeoxyglucose-PET data was acquired for 10 patients with a total of 12 fluorodeoxyglucose-avid tumors and 9 lymph nodes. Additionally, a phantom experiment was performed in which 4 ...
Matney Jason J Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas; The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Houston, - - 2013
To quantify and compare the effects of respiratory motion on paired passively scattered proton therapy (PSPT) and intensity modulated photon therapy (IMRT) plans; and to establish the relationship between the magnitude of tumor motion and the respiratory-induced dose difference for both modalities. In a randomized clinical trial comparing PSPT and ...
Garimella Pranav S PS Division of Nephrology, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2013
This review highlights recent developments in the management and monitoring of hypertension in adults with chronic kidney disease (CKD), not on dialysis. Ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring and self-measured BP monitoring can classify abnormal BP patterns better than clinic BP readings. Self-measured BP monitoring lowers BP and allows tailoring of ...
St Peter Wendy L WL aChronic Disease Research Group, Minneapolis Medical Research Foundation bCollege of Pharmacy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA cManitoba Renal Program dWinnipeg Regional Health Authority Pharmacy Program, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada eDepartment of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, - - 2013
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are complex, have many medication-related problems (MRPs) and high rates of medication nonadherence, and are less adherent to some medications than patients with higher levels of kidney function. Nonadherence in CKD patients increases the odds of uncontrolled hypertension, which can increase the risk of ...
Tam Kit W KW *Hamon Center for Therapeutic Oncology Research and †Division of Biostatistics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas; ‡Department of Integrative Oncology, British Columbia Cancer Agency Research Centre, Vancouver, B.C., Canada; §Texas Scottish Rite Hospital for Children, Dallas, Texas; ‖Department of Surgery, Biochemistry, and Molecular Biology, Keck School of Medicine, USC/Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, Los Angeles, California; ¶Public Health Sciences Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington; #Oncology Biomarker Development, Genentech Inc., South San Francisco, California; **Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, Center for Systems Biology, University of Texas at Dallas, Dallas, Texas; and ††Department of Pathology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, - - 2013
CDKN2A (p16) inactivation is common in lung cancer and occurs via homozygous deletions, methylation of promoter region, or point mutations. Although p16 promoter methylation has been linked to KRAS mutation and smoking, the associations between p16 inactivation mechanisms and other common genetic mutations and smoking status are still controversial or ...
Berntsen David A DA *OD, PhD, FAAO †BA College of Optometry, University of Houston, Houston, - - 2013
To describe peripheral defocus when myopic eyes are corrected with spherical and center-distance multifocal soft contact lenses while looking at distance and near. Twenty-five young adults with spherical contact lens-corrected refractive error of -0.50 to -6.00 D participated. Refractive error of each participant's right eye was measured while it wore ...
Greco Ermanno - - 2013
To evaluate the role of co-transfer of embryos derived from vitrified oocytes accumulated during the previous modified natural cycles and an embryo developed from the last one as an alternative to repetitive single embryo transfer ina fresh modified natural cycle. Thirty-six patients underwent ICSI procedure with three frozen natural oocytes ...
Eckers Jaimee C JC Free Radical and Radiation Biology Division, Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, - - 2013
Radiation is a common mode of cancer therapy whose outcome is often limited because of normal tissue toxicity. We have shown previously that the accumulation of radiation-induced late reactive oxygen species (ROS) precedes cell death, suggesting that metabolic oxidative stress could regulate cellular radiation response. The purpose of this study ...
Hillman Gilda G GG Departments of *Radiation Oncology, †Immunology and Microbiology, ‡Pathology, and §Oncology, Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, - - 2013
Radiation-induced pneumonitis and fibrosis have restricted radiotherapy for lung cancer. In a preclinical lung tumor model, soy isoflavones showed the potential to enhance radiation damage in tumor nodules and simultaneously protect normal lung from radiation injury. We have further dissected the role of soy isoflavones in the radioprotection of lung ...
Li S - - 2013
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory neurodegenerative disease of the central nervous system (CNS) which leads to progressive neurological disability. Our previous studies have demonstrated mitochondrial involvement in MS cortical pathology and others have documented decreased levels of the neuronal mitochondrial metabolite N-acetyl aspartate (NAA) in the MS brain. While ...
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