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Yetgin T T Department of Cardiology, Thoraxcentre Room Ee-2355, Erasmus MC, Dr. Molewaterplein 50-60, 3015 GE, Rotterdam, the - - 2014
Platelet inhibition is crucial in reducing both short- and long-term atherothrombotic risks in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) managed with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Based on randomised trials, recent recommendations in the current guidelines include the endorsement of prasugrel as a first-choice adenosine diphosphate receptor inhibitor. Yet, there is ...
Gaikwad Nitin N Department of Pharmacology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Tatibandh, G. E. Road, Raipur, 492099, Chhattisgarh, India, - - 2014
Many medical educators are experimenting with innovative ways of E-learning. E-learning provides opportunities to students for self-directed learning in addition to other advantages. In this study, we designed and evaluated an interactive E-learning module in pharmacology for effectiveness, acceptability and feasibility, with the aim of promoting active learning in this ...
O'Dwyer David N DN 1 School of Medicine and Medical Science, College of Life Sciences, UCD Conway Institute of Biomolecular and Biomedical Research, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin, - - 2013
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a fatal progressive interstitial pneumonia. The innate immune system provides a crucial function in the recognition of tissue injury and infection. Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) is an innate immune system receptor. We investigated the role of a functional TLR3 single-nucleotide polymorphism in IPF. To characterize ...
Nicolai M P J MP Department of Urology, Leiden University Medical Center, PO box 9600, 2300, RC, Leiden, the Netherlands, - - 2013
Several cardiovascular agents, such as diuretics and β-blockers, can negatively affect sexual function, leading to noncompliance with therapy. Others such as angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) can improve patients' sexual function. We aimed to gain insight into cardiologists' knowledge about the effects of cardiovascular drugs on sexual function and whether ...
Lee Eun-Shil - - 2013
Calcium-binding proteins (CBPs) are important components in calcium-mediated cellular signal transduction. Among the many CBPs, at least three EF-hand CBPs, calbindin-D28K (CB), calretinin (CR), and parvalbumin (PV), have been extensively studied in the retina. In the present study, we investigated the expression patterns of these three CBPs in cholinergic starburst ...
Tao Weidong - - 2013
The body inversion effect is the finding that inverted body posture pictures are more difficult to recognize than upright body posture pictures are. The present study reinvestigated the body inversion effect in human observers using behavioral and eye movement measures to explore whether the body inversion effect correlates with specific ...
Gilek-Seibert Katarzyna - - 2013
Increasing evidence suggests low disease activity or remission is achievable in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Using a treat to target strategy (T2T) has been shown to achieve these targets of remission or low disease activity in RA. In order to successfully treat to target, rheumatologists need reliable measures of disease activity ...
Torres-Del-Pliego Elisa - - 2013
Osteoporosis is defined as a reduction in bone mass and impairment of bone quality that lead to bone fragility and fracture risk. Bone quality includes a hierarchy of properties from macroscopic to nanoscale level. Several techniques have been developed in an attempt to measure these non-density properties. Densitometry, high-resolution images ...
Bottini Nunzio - - 2013
Epigenetic anomalies are emerging as key pathogenic features of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The effect of epigenetics in RA ranges from contributing to complex disease mechanisms to identifying biomarkers for early diagnosis and response to therapy. This review focuses on three key epigenetic areas in RA, namely DNA methylation, histone modification, ...
Houard Xavier - - 2013
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a whole joint disease, in which thinning and disappearance of cartilage is a critical determinant in OA progression. The rupture of cartilage homeostasis whatever its cause (aging, genetic predisposition, trauma or metabolic disorder) induces profound phenotypic modifications of chondrocytes, which then promote the synthesis of a subset ...
Weitz Joshua E - - 2013
Psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis are common chronic inflammatory conditions associated with substantial local and systemic morbidity. The genetic and phenotypic heterogeneity of these disorders presents great challenges to investigators of disease mechanisms. Valid and reliable animal models that combine the main elements of human skin and joint disease have not ...
Thomas Laine - - 2013
In clinical studies, covariates are often measured with error due to biological fluctuations, device error and other sources. Summary statistics and regression models that are based on mismeasured data will differ from the corresponding analysis based on the "true" covariate. Statistical analysis can be adjusted for measurement error, however various ...
Alfonso F F Network of the European, Society of Cardiology, Madrid, Spain, - - 2013
European Society of Cardiology (ESC) National Society Cardiovascular Journals (NSCJs) are high-quality biomedical journals focused on cardiovascular diseases. The Editors' Network of the ESC devises editorial initiatives aimed at improving the scientific quality and diffusion of NSCJ. In this article we will discuss on the importance of the Internet, electronic ...
Verheugt F W A FW Heartcenter, Department of Cardiology, Onze Lieve Vrouwe Gasthuis (OLVG), Oosterpark 9, 1091 AC, Amsterdam, the Netherlands, - - 2013
In patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation, oral anticoagulation with the vitamin K antagonists acenocoumarol, phenprocoumon and warfarin reduces the risk of stroke by more than 60 %, whereas single or double antiplatelet therapy is much less effective and sometimes associated with a similar bleeding risk as vitamin K antagonists. Besides bleeding, ...
Cherniak William A WA Dr. Cherniak is a family medicine resident, Scarborough Hospital, University of Toronto, Faculty of Medicine, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Dr. Drain is instructor of medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital and Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts. Dr. Brewer is professor of medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, - - 2013
Although most medical schools and residency programs offer international medical electives (IMEs), little guidance on the educational objectives for these rotations exists; thus, the authors reviewed the literature to compile and categorize a comprehensive set of educational objectives for IMEs. In February and July 2012, the authors searched SciVerse Scopus ...
Freeley Michael - - 2013
The specificity of RNAi and its ability to silence 'undruggable' targets has made inhibition of gene expression in T-cells with siRNAs an attractive potential therapeutic strategy for the treatment of inflammatory disease, cancer and infection. However, delivery of siRNAs into primary T-cells represents a major hurdle to their use as ...
Lally James S V - - 2013
Skeletal muscle is critical for whole-body glucose homoeostasis. Insulin and muscle contractions induced by exercise can increase glucose uptake through distinct intracellular signalling pathways involving PKB (protein kinase B)/Akt and AMPK (AMP-activated protein kinase) respectively. Whereas the proximal events governing these processes are becoming well understood, less is known about ...
Chou Feng-Pai - - 2013
Membrane-associated serine protease matriptase is widely expressed by epithelial/carcinoma cells in which its proteolytic activity is tightly controlled by the Kunitz-type protease inhibitor, hepatocyte growth factor activator inhibitor (HAI-1). We demonstrate that, although matriptase is not expressed in lymphoid hyperplasia, roughly half of the non-Hodgkin B-cell lymphomas analyzed express significant ...
Li Hongzhen - - 2013
The olfactomedin 4 (OLFM4) gene is located on chromosome 13q14.3, which frequently is deleted in human prostate cancer. However, direct genetic evidence of OLFM4 gene alteration in human prostate cancer has not yet been obtained. In this study, we investigated the genetics, protein expression, and functions of the OLFM4 gene ...
Huang Qiang - - 2013
Two experiments were conducted to determine the effects of inclusion level of wheat middlings and soya bean meal on apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of energy and chemical components of these ingredients in growing pigs. Furthermore, the effects of the inclusion level on their contents of digestible energy (DE) and ...
He Zhixiong - - 2013
Wheat dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS) is widely used as a partial replacement for forages or concentrates in ruminant diets. We hypothesised that using exogenous enzymes (ENZ) would increase neutral detergent fibre (NDF) degradability of DDGS. The aims of the study were to (i) evaluate the effects of ENZ ...
Hanon Elodie A - - 2013
Abstract Parathyroid hormone (PTH) is relatively unstable: optimisation of pre-analytical conditions, including specimen type, sampling time and storage conditions, is essential. We have undertaken a systematic review of these pre-analytical conditions. An electronic search of the PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, Centre for Research and Dissemination and Bandolier databases was undertaken. Of ...
Carobene Anna - - 2013
Abstract Background: Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and γ-glutamyl transferase (GGT) are enzymes measured in serum or plasma to investigate liver disease. The aim of this work is to assess the validity of published biological variation (BV) data currently available for these enzymes. Methods: Publications containing BV data for ...
Morovat Alireza - - 2013
Abstract Background: We carried out a technical evaluation of the Immunodiagnostic Systems (IDS) automated intact procollagen-I N-terminus propeptide (PINP) assay on the iSYS platform, and established reference intervals for PINP in both adults and children. Methods: Assay imprecision, recovery and interference were studied. Serum and plasma values were compared, and ...
Giannitsis Evangelos - - 2013
Abstract Background: The simultaneous assessment of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hscTnT) and NT-proBNP for predicting death in stable coronary artery disease (CAD) has yet not been examined. We investigated the additional contribution of hscTnT to the risk of mortality prediction of NT-proBNP in patients with stable CAD. Methods: We studied ...
Thammasitboon Satid - - 2013
Diagnostic errors are the most common errors in primary care. Diagnostic errors have been found to be the leading cause of malpractice litigation, accounting for twice as many claims and settled cases as medication errors. Diagnostic error is common, harmful, costly, and very critical to the patient-safety issues in health ...
Wang Lei - - 2013
ABSTRACT In chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH), central thrombi are the most likely disease initiators, and progressive pulmonary vascular remodeling, which is characterized by marked proliferation of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs), may also contribute to the long-term progression of CTEPH. This study was designed to investigate the cellular ...
Kougias Marios - - 2013
ABSTRACT Introduction: Smoking is known to have a long-term impact on lung function; however, the acute physiological response of smoking a single cigarette and the influential role of pack years and cigarettes per day on pulmonary indices remains an area of interest, especially among young smokers. Methods: 50 naive smokers ...
Elmeery A - - 2013
A preterm female infant born of 32 weeks gestational age was presenting with musculoskeletal abnormalities, and cholestasis that later on resolved. Later on, she developed renal tubular acidosis (RTA), poor weight gain, unexplained intermittent fever and recurrent spontaneous bleeding episodes. ARC is an acronym that stands for arthrogryposis, renal dysfunction ...
Carrafiello Gianpaolo - - 2013
To evaluate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous microwave (MW) ablation treatment in locally advanced, nonresectable, nonmetastatic pancreatic head cancer. Ten patients with pancreatic head cancer treated with percutaneous (n = 5) or laparotomic (n = 5) MW ablation were retrospectively reviewed. The MW generator used (45 W at 915 ...
Lewallen Susan - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: To apply a previously described mathematical model, designed to estimate cataract incidence from age-specific prevalence, to Rapid Assess of Avoidable Blindness survey data from Sub-Saharan Africa in order to estimate the incidence of cataract and therefore surgical needs. Methods: All Rapid Assessment of Avoidable Blindness surveys from Sub-Saharan ...
Lip Gregory Y H - - 2013
The purpose of this European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) survey was to assess clinical practice in relation to stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (AF), particularly into the use of novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs) for stroke prevention, among members of the EHRA electrophysiology (EP) research network. In this EP Wire survey, ...
Thammasitboon Satid - - 2013
A significant portion of diagnostic errors arises through cognitive errors resulting from inadequate knowledge, faulty data gathering, and/or faulty verification. Experts estimate that 75% of diagnostic failures can be attributed to clinician diagnostic thinking failure. The cognitive processes that underlie diagnostic thinking of clinicians are complex and intriguing, and it ...
Thammasitboon Satid - - 2013
Several studies in primary care, internal medicine, and emergency departments show that rates of errors in test requests and result interpretations are unacceptably high and translate into missed, delayed, or erroneous diagnoses. Ineffective follow-up of diagnostic test results could lead to patient harm if appropriate therapeutic interventions are not delivered ...
Cutrer William B - - 2013
Clinical reasoning serves as a crucial skill for all physicians regardless of their area of expertise. Helping trainees develop effective and appropriate clinical reasoning abilities is a central aim of medical education. Teaching clinical reasoning however can be a very difficult challenge for practicing physicians. Better understanding of the different ...
Pfister K M - - 2013
We report a case of non-immune hydrops fetalis (NIHF) caused by herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) in an infant whose mother had recurrent HSV-2 infection. In spite of prematurity, severe disseminated infection and hydrops, the infant survived and was neurologically intact. HSV-2-induced NIHF is extremely rare, particularly in the ...
Mirakhur Anirudh - - 2013
The authors have seen four cases of asymptomatic delayed intimal injury adjacent to a stent graft diagnosed 7 to 16 months after thoracic endovascular aortic repair. Endovascular repeat intervention was successfully performed in three of the four cases as described in the present report. A second consecutive "intimal blowout" in ...
Meller Robert - - 2013
Molecular analysis of apoptosis and autophagy pathways was performed from a single hepatocellular carcinoma treated with yttrium-90 and doxorubicin-loaded beads before resection and compared with normal liver tissue from the margins. Both bead formulations activated apoptosis-associated mechanisms and increased autophagy pathway protein levels. Increased DNA fragmentation and autophagy markers were ...
Lyon James W - - 2013
This report describes the authors' first experiences with the use of the Biodesign Enterocutaneous Fistula Plug (EFP). Six patients presented with intraperitoneal abscess and associated chronic bowel fistulas. The fistulas were treated by delivering an EFP by using radiologic guidance. The EFP placement procedure was successfully performed in all patients. ...
Angelakis Emmanouil - - 2013
Antibiotics and probiotics are widely used as growth promoters in agriculture. Most antibiotics prescribed in clinical practice are natural products that originate from Streptomyces spp, which were first used as agricultural probiotics. Antibiotics and probiotics both modify the gut microbiota. The effect of a probiotic species on the digestive flora ...
Estopinal Christopher B - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that Southeast Asian countries have ≥1 ophthalmologist per 100,000 persons, equally distributed in urban and rural areas. However, regional patterns of eye care have been poorly characterized. This study investigates the distribution of ophthalmologists in Thailand and provides regional estimates of access ...
Duerksen Rainald - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: To report the prevalence and causes of blindness in people aged 50 years and older in Paraguay, and to compare these with the previous national survey in 1999, focusing on planning of future eye care activities. Methods: A rapid assessment of avoidable blindness (RAAB) was conducted in 2011. ...
Rewri Parveen - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: Refractive error is the most common cause of visual impairment among school children. Worldwide, school vision testing is one major area of thrust to address vision screening among school children, and is carried out by a diverse group of professionals and non-professionals, with variable success rates. In a ...
Chasen Stephen T - - 2013
Our objective was to determine the impact of disclosure of echogenic intracardiac focus (EIF) on the rate of amniocentesis in women who have undergone sequential testing. This was a retrospective study of women who had sequential testing for Down syndrome from 2009 through 2011. The Down syndrome risk was doubled ...
Unger Roger H - - 2013
Science is marked by the death of dogmas; the discovery that adipocytes are more than just lipid-storing cells but rather produce potent hormones is one such example that caught physiologists by surprise and reshaped our views of metabolism. While we once considered the adipocyte as a passive storage organ for ...
Janne d'Othée Bertrand - - 2013
Existing diagnostic radiology peer-review systems do not address the specificities of interventional radiology (IR) practice. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of a specifically developed interventional peer review method, IR Peer. Retrospective review of a prospectively encoded pilot database aimed at demonstrating the feasibility of IR ...
Bunger Ann - - 2013
This priming study investigates the role of conceptual structure during language production, probing whether English speakers are sensitive to the structure of the event encoded by a prime sentence. In two experiments, participants read prime sentences aloud before describing motion events. Primes differed in 1) syntactic frame, 2) degree of ...
Momeni Arash - - 2013
A multitude of different approaches have been proposed for achieving optimal aesthetic results after nipple reconstruction. In contrast, however, only a few studies focus on the morbidity associated with this procedure, particularly after implant-based breast reconstruction. Using a cross-sectional study design all patients who underwent implant-based breast reconstruction with subsequent ...
Burdick Jessica D - - 2013
This study examined performance on the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT; Bechara, Damasio, Damasio, & Anderson, 1994) as a measure of low-income school-aged children's affective decision-making and considered its utility as a direct indicator of impulsivity. One hundred and ninety-three 8-11 year olds performed a computerized version of the Iowa Gambling ...
Ren Yue - - 2013
Paper spray has been developed as a fast sampling ionization method for direct analysis of raw biological and chemical samples using mass spectrometry (MS). Quantitation of therapeutic drugs in blood samples at high accuracy has also been achieved using paper spray MS without traditional sample preparation or chromatographic separation. The ...
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