Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 2743
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Lukatskaya Maria R - - 2013
The intercalation of ions into layered compounds has long been exploited in energy storage devices such as batteries and electrochemical capacitors. However, few host materials are known for ions much larger than lithium. We demonstrate the spontaneous intercalation of cations from aqueous salt solutions between two-dimensional (2D) Ti3C2 MXene layers. ...
Kim Kyung Cheon - - 2013
The present study was performed to determine the translation of the glenohumeral joint in patients with and without shoulder lesions by comparing the magnetic resonance images obtained in the conventional adducted neutral rotation position with those obtained in the abducted externally rotated position. Two hundred and eighty-five consecutive shoulders without ...
Hegedusova Eva - - 2013
Jaminaea angkorensis is an anamorphic basidiomycetous yeast species originally isolated from decaying leaves in Cambodia. Taxonomically, J. angkorensis is affiliated with Microstromatales (Exobasidiomycetes, Ustilaginomycotina, Basidiomycota) and represents a basal phylogenetic lineage of this fungal order. To perform a comparative analysis of J. angkorensis with other basidiomycetes, we determined and analyzed ...
Verduci Elvira - - 2013
To assess a relationship between longitudinal changes in liver fat content and biochemical parameters in obese children after 1-year nutritional intervention. Forty-six obese children, 21 males and 25 females, aged 6-14 years, underwent metabolic measurements, liver ultrasonography (US) and chemical-shift magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations at baseline and after 1-year ...
Gourtsoyianni S - - 2013
Anal cancer is an uncommon malignancy of the gastrointestinal tract but has a relatively good prognosis with an 80% 5-year overall survival. In this article, we review the role of MRI for assessing treatment response in anal cancer after completion of definitive chemoradiotherapy. New generation MRI scanners with optimal-phased array ...
Afshar-Oromieh Ali - - 2013
Positron emission tomography (PET) with choline tracers has found widespread use for the diagnosis of prostate cancer (PC). However, choline metabolism is not increased in a considerable number of cases, whereas prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is overexpressed in most PCs. Therefore, a (68)Ga-labelled PSMA ligand could be superior to choline ...
Clow David W - - 2013
During 2010-2011, a study was conducted in Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks (SEKI) to evaluate the influence of pack animals (stock) and backpackers on water quality in wilderness lakes and streams. The study had three main components: (1) a synoptic survey of water quality in wilderness areas of the ...
Zhang Lei - - 2013
Previous studies revealed that Se was an important regulatory factor for glutathione peroxidase (GPx) genes. However, the relationship between Se concentrations and mRNA expression levels of GPxs were unclear in goats, especially the goats living in natural Se-enriched area. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the Se ...
Huang Yong-Zhen - - 2013
The transcription factor paired box 6 gene (PAX6) plays a key role during the early development of various organs. In this study, three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been identified in the introns 2, 8 and 11 of the bovine PAX6 gene. 8 haplotypes and 13 diplotypes were revealed and ...
Leibovich Tali - - 2013
The approximate number system (ANS) theory suggests that all magnitudes, discrete (i.e., number of items) or continuous (i.e., size, density, etc.), are processed by a shared system and comply with Weber's law. The current study reexamined this notion by comparing performance in discrete (comparing numerosities of dot arrays) and continuous ...
Williams Karen Patricia - - 2013
This research describes the development and evaluation of a new scale for assessing functional cervical cancer health literacy, the Cervical Cancer Literacy Assessment Tool (C-CLAT). In phase 1, 35 items in English, Spanish, and Arabic for C-CLAT were generated, taking into account three content domains-Awareness, Knowledge, and Prevention/Control. After content ...
Klepinin Aleksandr - - 2013
The aim of the present study is to clarify some aspects of the mechanisms of regulation of mitochondrial metabolism in neuroblastoma (NB) cells. Experiments were performed on murine Neuro-2a (N2a) cell line, and the same cells differentiated by all-trans-retinoic acid (dN2a) served as in vitro model of normal neurons. Oxygraphy ...
Besaury Ludovic - - 2013
We analyzed the impact of copper mine tailing discharges on benthic Archaea and Bacteria around the city of Chanaral in northern Chile. Quantitative PCR (Q-PCR) showed that the bacteria dominated the prokaryotic community at both sites, but only the bacteria showed a decrease in abundance in the copper-contaminated site. Q-PCR ...
Montag Christian - - 2013
The neuropeptide oxytocin plays an important role in social cognition. One valuable tool to study social cognition in healthy and autistic humans in a neuroscientific context is the investigation of gaze toward another person. Of importance, it has been demonstrated that pronounced amygdala activation could be observed, when participants are ...
Rawat Akhilesh - - 2013
The objective of this study was to determine radiation, doxorubicin, tamoxifen and letrozole sensitivity of breast cancer cells in response to functional inhibition of the ubiquitin conjugating enzyme UBE2C. Taqman Real time PCR was performed to measure UBE2C levels in breast cancer cell lines and control HBL100 and HEK293T cells. ...
Bosteen Markus H - - 2013
Interleukin-17A (IL-17A) is an important pro-inflammatory cytokine that regulates leukocyte mobilization and recruitment. To better understand how IL-17A controls leukocyte trafficking across capillaries in the peripheral blood circulation, we used primary human dermal microvascular endothelial cells (HDMEC) to investigate their secretory potential and barrier function when activated with IL-17A and ...
Stachon Tanja - - 2013
With increasing resistance of microorganisms to antibiotics, photodynamic inactivation (PDI) may also be a potential therapeutic option in infectious keratitis. As part of the inflammatory response in infectious keratitis, keratocytes produce various interleukins. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential anti-inflammatory effect of PDI, analyzing interleukin-1 alpha ...
Chalmers Benjamin A - - 2013
The methoxyamine group represents an ideal protecting group for the nitroxide moiety. It can be easily and selectively introduced in high yield (typically >90%) to a range of functionalised nitroxides using FeSO4·7H2O and H2O2 in DMSO. Its removal is readily achieved under mild conditions in high yield (70-90%) using mCPBA ...
Liu Feng - - 2013
Recent research has shown that social anxiety disorder (SAD) is accompanied by abnormalities in brain functional connections. However, these findings are based on group comparisons, and, therefore, little is known about whether functional connections could be used in the diagnosis of an individual patient with SAD. Here, we explored the ...
Jennette J Charles JC Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Room 308, Brinkhous-Bullitt Building, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA, - - 2013
The nomenclature and classification of vasculitis has been difficult and controversial for many decades. This is problematic both for research on vasculitis as well as clinical care of patients with vasculitis. The first (1994) International Chapel Hill Consensus Conference on the Nomenclature of Systemic Vasculitides (CHCC) proposed names and definitions ...
Edwards J - - 2013
Introduction Evidence shows that some individuals with HIV or diabetes do not report their medical history to the dentist. Disclosure is important because these individuals can be at greater risk of oral disease.Aims and objectives The aim of this study is to provide greater understanding of why some individuals do ...
Krasny Marta - - 2013
There are numerous types of bone replacement materials used to regenerate atrophic alveolar processes before the elective intraosseous implantation. Properties of these materials differ one from another, therefore the choice of material should be thoroughly analysed as well as its type and texture in regard of intraoral conditions and the ...
Mukherjee Shubhabrata - - 2013
Resilience in executive functioning (EF) is characterized by high EF measured by neuropsychological test performance despite structural brain damage from neurodegenerative conditions. We previously reported single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genome-wide association study (GWAS) results for EF resilience. Here, we report gene- and pathway-based analyses of the same resilience phenotype, using ...
Barbour Helen R - - 2013
It has been shown that olfactory ensheathing glia (OEG) and Schwann cell (SCs) transplantation are beneficial as cellular treatments for spinal cord injury (SCI), especially acute and sub-acute time points. In this study, we transplanted DsRED transduced adult OEG and SCs sub-acutely (14 days) following a T10 moderate spinal cord ...
Tsang Wai Kan - - 2013
Trichorhinophalangeal syndrome (TRP) is a group of rare genetic disorders with characteristic clinical and radiological features. In this case report we discuss the evolution of imaging features in hands in a Chinese boy diagnosed with TRP II (Langer-Giedion syndrome, LGS). This article ramifies the diagnostic value of serial hand radiograph ...
Warrick Joshua I - - 2013
PCA3 is a prostate-specific non-coding RNA, with utility as a urine-based early detection biomarker. Here, we report the evaluation of tissue PCA3 expression by RNA in situ hybridization in a cohort of 41 mapped prostatectomy specimens. We compared tissue PCA3 expression with tissue level ERG expression and matched pre-prostatectomy urine ...
Winston Kalman A - - 2013
Previous work has shown that a programme that draws on a blend of theories makes a positive difference to outcomes for students who fail and repeat their first semester at medical school. Exploration of student and teacher perspectives revealed that remediation of struggling medical students can be achieved through a ...
Ye Wei - - 2013
The kink-turn sRNA motif in archaea, whose combination with protein L7Ae initializes the assembly of small ribonucleoprotein particles (sRNPs), plays a key role in ribosome maturation and the translation process. Although many studies have been reported on this motif, the mechanism of sRNA folding coupled with protein binding is still ...
Abu-Amero Khaled K - - 2013
Abstract We investigated whether the c.47T > C polymorphism (SNP rs4880) in the manganese superoxide dismutase (SOD2) gene is a risk factor for primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG) in the Saudi population. Among cases (n = 139), the prevalence of various genotypes were 25.9%, 46.8% and 27.3% for T/T, C/T and C/C genotypes respectively. ...
Blake D F - - 2013
The Rocknest aeolian deposit is similar to aeolian features analyzed by the Mars Exploration Rovers (MERs) Spirit and Opportunity. The fraction of sand <150 micrometers in size contains ~55% crystalline material consistent with a basaltic heritage and ~45% x-ray amorphous material. The amorphous component of Rocknest is iron-rich and silicon-poor ...
Saunders Blair - - 2013
The current research investigated differences in reactive and proactive cognitive control as a function of depressive symptomatology. Three participant groups with varying symptom levels (Beck Depression Inventory-II, BDI-II score) completed both the classic and an emotional-face Stroop task separately under speed and accuracy instructions. All groups made equivalent speed-accuracy trade-offs ...
Tagliamonte Micaela - - 2013
The mammillary bodies (MBs) are classically defined as a pair of small round structures located on the undersurface of the diencephalon. The systematic observation of MR brain images of patients with neurological diseases, but also of healthy subjects enrolled in research protocols, reveals, however, a greater anatomical variability. The aim ...
Matsumoto C - - 2013
Objective: The purpose of this study was to improve accessibility to nursing care by clarifying the relationship between patient characteristics and the amount of nursing care for the Diagnosis Procedure Combination system (DPC). Method: The subjects included 528 lung cancer patients; 170 gastric cancer patients; and 91 colon cancer patients, ...
Aloni Roni - - 2013
• Premise of the study: Conifer leaves are characterized by the differentiation of transfusion tracheids either adjacent to the vascular bundle or away from bundles. Toward uncovering the mechanism regulating this differentiation, we tested the hypotheses that transfusion tracheids differentiate from parenchyma rather than from procambium and that auxin acts ...
Zhang Jun - - 2013
We report a real-space visualization of the formation of hydrogen bonding in 8-hydroxyquiline (8-hq) molecular assemblies on a Cu(111) substrate using noncontact atomic force microscopy (NC-AFM). The atomically resolved molecular structures enable a precise determination of the characteristics of hydrogen bonding networks, including the bonding sites, orientations, and lengths. The ...
Vornanen Matti - - 2013
The upper thermal tolerance and mechanisms of heat-induced cardiac failure in the brown trout (Salmo trutta fario) was examined. The point above which ion channel function and sinoatrial contractility in vitro, and electrocardiogram (ECG) in vivo, started to fail (break point temperature, BPT) was determined by acute temperature increases. In ...
Shadnia Shahin - - 2013
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of metformin-associated lactic acidosis in our metformin-intoxicated patients, the general approach for their management, and determine the frequency of hypoglycemia and outcome in these patients. We also wanted to see if there was a significant difference in the course ...
Sonoda Hiroshi - - 2013
This study aims to clarify the predictive value of two prognostic prediction tools, the palliative prognostic index (PPI) and the palliative prognostic score (PaPS), in a setting of general hospital palliative care team for patients with advanced cancers in an acute care hospital in Japan. The retrospective observational study includes ...
Pruteanu Mihaela - - 2013
The enteric microbiota contributes to the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease but the pathways involved and bacterial participants may vary in different hosts. We previously reported that some components of the human commensal microbiota, particularly Clostridium perfringens, have the proteolytic capacity for host matrix degradation and reduce transepithelial resistance. Here, ...
Klitzman Robert - - 2013
Purpose:Studies have begun exploring whether researchers should return incidental findings in genomic studies, and if so, which findings should be returned; however, how researchers make these decisions-the processes and factors involved-has remained largely unexplored.Methods:We interviewed 28 genomics researchers in-depth about their experiences and views concerning the return of incidental findings.Results:Researchers ...
Hu Hao - - 2013
An efficient and general protocol for the deacetonative Sonogashira coupling of aryl propargyl alcohols with aryl chlorides has been described. The reaction could proceed smoothly with the catalyst system of palladacycle/Xphos. Note that this result represents the first successful deacetonative Sonogashira version for electron-poor, electron-neutral and even inactive sterically hindered ...
Yavuz K - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:The Pipeline Embolization Device was reported to be safe and effective in the treatment of sidewall aneurysms, preserving the patency of the vessels covered by the construct. However, to date, the safety and efficacy of this device in treating bifurcation aneurysms remains unknown. We report our preliminary experience ...
Sueyoshi Ryo - - 2013
Novel strategies are needed to address the problem of patients with short bowel syndrome (SBS). We previously demonstrated a 3-fold lengthening of pig bowel after 2 weeks of applied distractive forces, but we have not elucidated the mechanisms facilitating this growth. We used a mouse model of distraction-induced enterogenesis. High ...
Schoo Katherina L - - 2013
Young larval stages of many organisms represent bottlenecks in the life-history of many species. The high mortality commonly observed in, for example, decapod larvae has often been linked to poor nutrition, with most studies focussing on food quantity. Here, we focus instead on the effects of quality and have investigated ...
Sadow Cheryl A - - 2013
The purpose of this pictorial review is to discuss causes of female infertility, in particular, those etiologies in which imaging plays a key role in detection. Included are disorders of cervical, ovarian, fallopian tube, and uterine origin. We also discuss the role of various imaging modalities including hysterosalpingography, pelvic ultrasonography, ...
Nguyen The Thanh-Diem - - 2013
Newborn screening (NBS) for cystic fibrosis (CF) allows early intervention. Design of randomised controlled trials (RCT) is currently impeded by uncertainty regarding evolution of lung function, an important trial end point in such infants. To assess changes in pulmonary function during the first year of life in CF NBS infants. ...
Blaya Meghan O - - 2013
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is characterized by histopathological damage and long-term sensorimotor and cognitive dysfunction. Recent studies have reported the discovery of the P7C3-class of aminopropyl carbazole agents with potent neuroprotective properties for both newborn neural precursor cells in the adult hippocampus and mature neurons in other regions of the ...
Zhang Hongyou - - 2013
Ketosis is an important problem for dairy cows` production performance. However, it is still little known about plasma metabolomics details of dairy ketosis. A gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) technique was used to investigate plasma metabolic differences in cows that had clinical ketosis (CK, n=22), subclinical ketosis (SK, n=32), or were ...
Hickey Graeme L - - 2013
The Society for Cardiothoracic Surgery in Great Britain and Ireland (SCTS) has published named mortality data since 2001. The importance of accurate and robust clinical outcome reporting has been emphasized by a number of high-profile cases in England. In this article, we give a technical review of the United Kingdom ...
Macedo Luciana Gazzi LG L.G. Macedo, PT, PhD, Department of Physical Therapy, Common Spinal Disorders Research Centre, University of Alberta, 2-50 Corbett Hall, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G - - 2014
It has been suggested that low back pain (LBP) is a condition with an unpredictable pattern of exacerbation, remission, and recurrence. However, there is an incomplete understanding of the course of LBP and the determinants of the course. The purposes of this study were: (1) to identify clusters of LBP ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >