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Results 351 - 400 of 2743
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Jing Xiaoyan - - 2013
An optimal medium for exopolysaccharides (EPS) production was obtained through one-factor-at-a-time method and response surface methodology. Under optimal culture medium, the maximum EPS concentration in shake flask was 5.16 g/l. Two groups of EPSs (designated as Fr-I and Fr-II) were obtained from the culture filtrates by size exclusion chromatography/multiangle laser light ...
Chung Jae Ho - - 2013
To evaluate the clinical and radiological features and the risk of middle ear disease in the contralateral ears of unilateral cholesteatoma with clinical and radiological assessment. Fifty-two patients with unilateral cholesteatoma and 30 control subjects underwent otoscopic and audiologic examination. Temporal bone computed tomography was performed to evaluate the pneumatization ...
Massy Ziad A - - 2013
Lipid abnormalities and uremic toxins are features of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and may influence cardiovascular outcomes in CKD patients. Recent data suggest that uremic toxins may modulate lipoprotein levels and composition (e.g., oxidation or carbamylation) and enhance the cardiovascular toxicity of lipoproteins in CKD patients.
Tooze Sharon A - - 2013
Autophagy was discovered in the late 1950s when scientists using the first electron microscopes saw membrane-bound structures in cells that contained cytoplasmic organelles, including mitochondria. Pursuant to further morphological characterization it was recognized that these vesicles, now called autophagosomes, are found in all eukaryotic cells and undergo changes in morphology ...
Bocklisch Christina - - 2013
Drug-evoked synaptic plasticity in the mesolimbic system reshapes circuit function and drives drug-adaptive behavior. Much research has focused on excitatory transmission in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) and the nucleus accumbens (NAc). How drug-evoked synaptic plasticity of inhibitory transmission affects circuit adaptations remains unknown. We found that medium spiny neurons ...
Lee Jun Sang - - 2013
To investigate the prognostic value of tumor markers, cancer antigen 15-3 (CA 15-3) and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels at diagnosis of systemic recurrence. After primary treatments of locoregional breast cancers, serum CA 15-3 and/or CEA concentrations were regularly measured, and systemic recurrences were identified in 351 patients between January 1999 ...
Stockman David L - - 2013
Epithelioid sarcoma is a rare, aggressive keratin-positive sarcoma that co-expresses CD34 in 50% of cases and may mimic an angiosarcoma. Recently, we have observed one case of epithelioid sarcoma that labeled for ERG, an ETS family regulatory transcription factor, which is considered to be a reliable marker for vascular differentiation. ...
El-Mahgoub Eman Refaat - - 2013
Aplastic anemia is a syndrome of bone marrow (BM) failure characterized by peripheral pancytopenia and marrow hypoplasia. Its exact pathophysiology is still not clear. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) play an important role in providing the specialized BM microenvironment for hematopoietic stem cells survival and differentiation. MSCs were isolated from BM ...
Lynch Christopher D - - 2013
Objective To evaluate reinforced glass-ionomer restorations which had been placed in a general dental practice more than five years previously.Method Patients who were identified as having received reinforced one or more reinforced glass-ionomer restorations were invited to attend for an examination of their restorations using scientific evaluation criteria, by one ...
Nakatogawa Hitoshi - - 2013
In autophagy, the autophagosome, a transient organelle specialized for the sequestration and lysosomal or vacuolar transport of cellular constituents, is formed via unique membrane dynamics. This process requires concerted actions of a distinctive set of proteins named Atg (autophagy-related). Atg proteins include two ubiquitin-like proteins, Atg12 and Atg8 [LC3 (light-chain ...
Meslin P-Y - - 2013
The ChemCam instrument, which provides insight into martian soil chemistry at the submillimeter scale, identified two principal soil types along the Curiosity rover traverse: a fine-grained mafic type and a locally derived, coarse-grained felsic type. The mafic soil component is representative of widespread martian soils and is similar in composition ...
Parra-Herran Carlos E - - 2013
When classifying cellular uterine mesenchymal neoplasms, histological distinction of endometrial stromal from smooth muscle neoplasms can be difficult. The only widely established marker of endometrial stromal differentiation, CD10, has marginal specificity. We took a bioinformatics approach to identify more specific markers of endometrial stromal differentiation by searching the Human Protein ...
van Dijk Rijk - - 2013
In African societies where HIV and AIDS are widespread, counselling is being used in an attempt to control people's sexual relationships and has become an important industry. Counselling is centrally placed in many AIDS-related policies in Botswana and is sponsored by both the government and religious organisations. Within the broad ...
- - 2013
The old stalwart calcium hydroxide is not only non-toxic but promotes the proliferation of stem cells of the apical papilla (SCAP).
Zhang Xue - - 2013
A demonstration of artificial groundwater recharge with tertiary effluent was evaluated using a set of bioassays (acute toxicity to Daphnia, genotoxicity, estrogenic and antiestrogenic toxicity). Around 95 % genotoxicity and 53 % antiestrogenicity were removed from the feed water by ozonation, whereas significant reduction of acute toxicity to Daphnia magna was achieved ...
Drukker Lior - - 2013
Abstract Congenital Giant Nevi (CGN) are rare melanocytic lesions with the potential to regress into malignant melanoma. Simultaneous up-regulation and cooperative interactions of signaling pathways are crucial events in the pathogenesis of melanocytes. Our study aimed to identify changes in the expression and activation of proteins controlling survival and/or apoptosis ...
Fei Ling - - 2013
Unlike most conventional anode materials, the newly developed TiNb2O7 (TNO) does not form a solid electrolyte interface (SEI) layer, which makes it safe for high power requiring lithium-ion batteries. In this paper, we demonstrated an SBA-15 confined synthetic approach to prepare TNO nanoparticles (S-TNO) with a small particle size around ...
Ellerkamp Verena - - 2013
Surgical approach to children with complicated ureteral duplication is discussed controversially. Our aim was to determine the outcome of children with complicated renal duplication undergoing a single-stage surgical approach with laparoscopic partial nephrectomy and open bladder reconstruction. Data of patients from 2004 to 2008 were investigated retrospectively. Outcome was analyzed ...
Whitehouse M W - - 2013
This Journal has recently published a splendid review of all you need to know about paracetamol (Graham et al. 2013), an analgesic widely used in the long-term management of arthritis. It clearly presents the science and hard facts. This commentary, by contrast, discusses some aspects of the metapharmacology of paracetamol; ...
Tahmassebi J F - - 2013
This prospective, randomised in vitro study was to investigate the pH and titratable acidity of fruit smoothie drinks and to assess the effect of these drinks on enamel erosion. Fifty enamel slabs were divided into five groups which were allocated to the sample solutions groups: Innocent(®) smoothie strawberries and bananas ...
Goretti Benedetta - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of anxiety on the cognitive performance of a clinical sample of relapsing-remitting (RR) MS patients. One hundred ninety patients (140 females) were included in the study and assessed through the beck depression inventory, the state-trait anxiety inventory and the Rao's ...
Van De Werd Henri J J M - - 2013
This study compares the cytoarchitectonic parcellation of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) in the mouse as presented in publications that are commonly used for identifying brain areas. Agreement was found to be greater for boundaries in the medial PFC than in the lateral PFC and lowest for those in the orbital ...
Zoccali Carmine - - 2013
Over the last decade, the biologic interference of uric acid with the cardiovascular (CV) system and the kidney has been intensively investigated, and several experimental studies in animal models and in vitro documented that hyperuricemia may trigger hypertension and incite endothelial dysfunction, vascular damage and renal disease. A substantial proportion ...
Kamminga Jody - - 2013
Various screening tools have been proposed to identify HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorder (HAND). However, there has been no systematic review of their strengths and weaknesses in detecting HAND when compared to gold standard neuropsychological testing. Thirty-five studies assessing HAND screens that were conducted in the era of combination antiretroviral therapy were ...
Miljkovic Nenad - - 2013
With the broad interest in and development of superhydrophobic surfaces for self-cleaning, condensation heat transfer enhancement and anti-icing applications, more detailed insights on droplet interactions on these surfaces have emerged. Specifically, when two droplets coalesce, they can spontaneously jump away from a superhydrophobic surface due to the release of excess ...
Hu Lei - - 2013
The anti-HIV nucleoside lamivudine was asymmetrically synthesized in only three steps via a novel surfactant-treated subtilisin Carlsberg-catalyzed dynamic kinetic resolution protocol. The enantiomer of lamivudine could also be accessed using the same protocol catalyzed by Candida antarctica lipase B.
Rojas Rodas Felipe - - 2013
There are substantial genotypic differences in the levels of flavonol glycosides (FGs) in soybean leaves. The first objective of this study was to identify and locate genes responsible for FG biosynthesis in the soybean genome. The second objective was to clone and verify the function of these candidate genes. Recombinant ...
Maass Nicolai - - 2013
Everolimus has shown to stop formation and activity of osteoclasts. Breast cancer patients with bone metastases only are candidates for effective but low toxic treatment. We evaluated everolimus in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase II, randomized discontinuation study in breast cancer patients with HER2 negative breast cancer patients with bone metastases ...
Wang Jing - - 2013
To clarify the relationship between the soil selenium distribution and its bioavailability with the distribution of Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) endemic areas on the eastern edge of the Tibetan Plateau, samples of natural soil (0-20 cm), cultivated topsoil, and main crops of the region (highland barley) were collected at different altitudes according ...
Wu Jianghong - - 2013
Azathiopurine (AZA) is efficacious for maintenance remission of Crohn's disease (CD) at the standard dose of 2.0-2.5 mg/kg for Caucasian. It has been reported that the lower dose (1.0-2.0 mg/kg) in some Asian countries was as effective as the standard dose. In the present study we analyzed the efficacy of ...
Lynch Michael C - - 2013
Extraskeletal Ewing's sarcoma (EES), or primitive neuroectodermal tumor, is an uncommon neoplasm with low incidence in the head and neck. Occurrences in the larynx are even more exceptional with only two previous reported cases of EES arising from the larynx. We report the case of a 45-year-old woman with a ...
Bennett Paul N - - 2013
Exercise during hemodialysis treatments improves physical function, markers of cardiovascular disease and quality of life. However, exercise programs are not a part of standard therapy in the vast majority of hemodialysis clinics internationally. Hemodialysis unit-based accredited exercise physiologists may contribute to an increased intradialytic exercise uptake and improved physical function.Methods ...
Helgason G Vignir - - 2013
Autophagy is a process that takes place in all mammalian cells and ensures homoeostasis and quality control. The term autophagy [self (auto)-eating (phagy)] was first introduced in 1963 by Christian de Duve, who discovered the involvement of lysosomes in the autophagy process. Since then, substantial progress has been made in ...
Herbst Sabine - - 2013
Calmodulin (CaM) is a highly conserved intracellular Ca(2+)-binding protein that exerts important functions in many cellular processes. Prominent examples of CaM-regulated proteins are adenylyl cyclases (ACs), which synthesize cAMP as a central second messenger. The interaction of ACs with CaM represents the link between Ca(2+)-signaling and cAMP-signaling pathways. Thereby, different ...
Luo Yacui - - 2013
Highly sensitive and multiplex assay of viryses and viral DNAs in complex biological samples is extremely important for clinical diagnosis and prognosis of pathogenic diseases as well as virology studies. We present an effective ICPMS-based multiplex and ultrasensitive assay of viral DNAs with lanthanide-coded oligonucleotide hybridization and rolling circle amplification ...
Díaz-Beyá M - - 2013
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a heterogeneous disease, and optimal treatment varies according to cytogenetic risk factors and molecular markers. Several studies have demonstrated the prognostic importance of microRNAs (miRNAs) in AML. Here we report a potential association between miRNA expression and clinical outcome in 238 intermediate-risk AML (IR-AML) patients ...
Maruthur Nisa M - - 2013
Approximately 347 million persons were estimated to have diabetes worldwide in 2008, an increase of 194 million cases from 1980. Diabetes now affects both high- and low-income countries, with low-income countries bearing the majority of the burden. The epidemiologic transition from traditional health risks, such as poor hygiene, to modern ...
Eekman D A - - 2013
Data on direct and indirect costs of clinical fractures in 116 osteoporotic patients 50 years and older were prospectively collected using cost diaries. Indirect costs accounted for roughly half of the total costs, with a contribution of at least 81 % of these costs in employed patients. The aim of this prospective ...
Seidelmann Sara B - - 2013
Arteries consist of an inner single layer of endothelial cells surrounded by layers of smooth muscle and an outer adventitia. The majority of vascular developmental studies focus on the construction of endothelial networks through the process of angiogenesis. Although many devastating vascular diseases involve abnormalities in components of the smooth ...
Chemello Diego - - 2013
Contemporaneous challenges in heart failure management include strategies to rationally use health economic resources and relative donor shortage to adequately offer electric devices (cardiac resynchronization therapy [CRT] and implantable cardioverter defibrillators [ICD]), ventricular assist devices (VADs) and heart transplant, respectively. These issues are particularly important in countries with middle-income rates ...
Tuomilehto Jaakko - - 2013
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) can occur at any age, with a peak in incidence around puberty. Classification between T1D and type 2 diabetes becomes more challenging with increasing age of onset of T1D over time develops in genetically predisposed individuals. The main susceptibility is conferred with human leukocyte antigen ...
Mahla E - - 2013
In patients pretreated with P2Y12 receptor inhibitors who need to undergo non-emergent cardiac or major non-cardiac surgery, current guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology recommend postponing surgery for at least five days after last intake of clopidogrel or ticagrelor, and for seven days after last intake of prasugrel, unless ...
Sun Zhaobin - - 2013
Evaluation of the adverse health effects of PM10 pollution (particulate matter less than 10 microns in diameter) is very important for protecting human health and establishing pollution control policy. Population exposure estimation is the first step in formulating exposure data for quantitative assessment of harmful PM10 pollution. In this paper, ...
Miedaner Thomas - - 2013
We investigated associations between line per se and testcross performance in rye and suggested that selection for per se performance is valuable for several traits in multi-stage selection programs. Genotypic correlation between line per se and testcross performance is an important quantitative-genetic parameter for optimizing hybrid breeding programs. The main ...
Mikolaizak A Stefanie - - 2013
An increasing number of falls result in an emergency call and the subsequent dispatch of paramedics. In the absence of physical injury, abnormal physiological parameters or change in usual functional status, it could be argued that routine conveyance by ambulance to the Emergency Department (ED) is not the most effective ...
Lotz Christopher - - 2013
Mitochondria are a common energy source for organs and organisms; their diverse functions are specialized according to the unique phenotypes of their hosting environment. Perturbation of mitochondrial homeostasis accompanies significant pathological phenotypes. However, the connections between mitochondrial proteome properties and function remain to be experimentally established on a systematic level. ...
Snelders Jeroen - - 2013
To investigate the antioxidant capacity of ferulic acid (FA) in conjunction with prebiotic arabinoxylanoligosaccharides (AXOS), procedures for the production of FA enriched, depleted and cross-linked AXOS were developed and samples were analyzed using the Trolox Equivalent Antioxidant Capacity (TEAC) and Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity (ORAC) assays. Results showed that not ...
Kim Jong Hyun - - 2013
Protein-protein interaction occurs transiently or stably when two or more proteins bind together to mediate a wide range of cellular processes such as protein modification, signal transduction, protein trafficking, and structural folding. The macromolecules involved in protein biosynthesis such as aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase (ARS) have a number of protein-protein interactions. The ...
Fukunaga Keisuke - - 2013
The site-specific introduction of a haloacetamide derivative into a designated cysteine on a displaying peptide on a capsid protein (gp10) of bacteriophage T7 has been achieved. This easiest gp10-based thioetherification (10BASEd-T) is carried out in one-pot without side reactions or loss of phage infectivity.
Persoskie Alexander - - 2013
Fear of receiving bad news about one's health can lead people to avoid seeking out health information that, ironically, may be crucial for health maintenance. Using a nationally representative US sample, the present study examined whether perceived likelihood of developing cancer and worry about cancer were associated with reports of ...
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