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Results 301 - 350 of 2728
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Breydo Leonid - - 2013
In an aqueous two-phase system (ATPS), the partitioning of a protein is defined by the differential interactions of the protein with aqueous media in the two phases. Our study shows that partitioning of proteins in a set of ATPSs of different ionic compositions can be used to quantify structural differences ...
Sun Pengling - - 2013
Pathogenic pain is a common sign of many diseases. The mechanism is unclear. Activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4) plays a critical role in cell activation. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is an important molecule in pathogenic pain. This study aims to investigate the role of ATF4 in inducing BDNF release from ...
Philip Jennifer - - 2013
Referral to supportive and palliative care services for people with high-grade primary malignant glioma (PMG) often occurs late in the illness course, despite significant care needs and overall poor prognosis. This study aimed to understand patient experience at the end of life and document supportive and palliative care needs. A ...
Dias Celeste - - 2013
Plateau waves are common in traumatic brain injury. They constitute abrupt increases of intracranial pressure (ICP) above 40 mmHg associated with a decrease in cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP). The aim of this study was to describe plateau waves characteristics with multimodal brain monitoring in head injured patients admitted in neurocritical care. ...
Williams Karen Patricia - - 2013
This research describes the development and evaluation of a new scale for assessing functional cervical cancer health literacy, the Cervical Cancer Literacy Assessment Tool (C-CLAT). In phase 1, 35 items in English, Spanish, and Arabic for C-CLAT were generated, taking into account three content domains-Awareness, Knowledge, and Prevention/Control. After content ...
Malin Steven K - - 2013
Obesity may attenuate metabolic health improvements following lifestyle interventions. However, the effect of adiposity on insulin action following resistance exercise in young non-diabetic women is unknown. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that adiposity attenuates improvements in insulin sensitivity and glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (INS0-60/GLC0-60) after both ...
Ucero Alvaro C - - 2013
Unilateral ureteral obstruction is a popular experimental model of renal injury. However, the study of the kidney response to urinary tract obstruction is only one of several advantages of this model. Unilateral ureteral obstruction causes subacute renal injury characterized by tubular cell injury, interstitial inflammation and fibrosis. For this reason, ...
Wu Yunwen - - 2013
Non-sticky and highly adhesive superhydrophobic microball-nanosheet hierarchically structured silver films were obtained after surface modification and storage respectively.
Glass Allison S - - 2013
A variety of clinical and imaging findings are used by clinicians to determine utility of renal angioembolization (AE) in managing renal trauma. Our purpose was to investigate specific criteria that clinicians who manage high-grade renal trauma (HGRT) utilize in decision-making for primary or delayed AE. A total of 413 urologists ...
Sammon Jesse D - - 2013
Previous studies examining the management of urinary tract infections (UTI) showed marked variability in the economical burden of care, with a tenfold increase in costs when patients require admission to the hospital. We sought to examine the patient and emergency department (ED) characteristics associated with hospitalization in patients presenting to ...
Kiviniemi Marc T - - 2013
Preventive health behaviors are believed to be motivated in part by a person's perception of risk for a particular health problem. Risk contains a cognitive component, beliefs about the chances of a health problem occurring, and an affective component, fear or worry about the health problem. Although both have been ...
Hall Peter A - - 2013
Conscientiousness reliably predicts health behavioral patterns, and the same is true of executive function. However, few investigations have examined their relative predictive power, or probed for possible indirect effects and age-moderated effects. In the current study, we examined the predictive validity of all Big Five personality traits, executive function and ...
De Kalyan - - 2013
This study assessed the effect of micronutrient supplementation around peripartum period on immune function, reproductive performance, milk yield and milk quality of crossbred cows. Thirty pregnant crossbred cows in their late gestation were selected and randomly divided into five groups for study. Six cows in each group were supplemented with ...
Ferrelli Juliet - - 2013
Aim The aim of this paper is to provide a review of the hand hygiene literature and to give an example of the use of this literature to create a multimodal sustainable hand hygiene program. Background The literature describes six key ingredients to consider when designing a hand hygiene program. ...
Shoji Tetsuo - - 2013
This article reviews the relationship between serum lipids and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in hemodialysis patients. Epidemiologic studies showed a cholesterol paradox in hemodialysis patients, but it can be solved by taking protein-energy wasting and inflammation into consideration. Wasting and inflammation are the risk factors of fatality after incident CVD. Randomized ...
Klepinin Aleksandr - - 2013
The aim of the present study is to clarify some aspects of the mechanisms of regulation of mitochondrial metabolism in neuroblastoma (NB) cells. Experiments were performed on murine Neuro-2a (N2a) cell line, and the same cells differentiated by all-trans-retinoic acid (dN2a) served as in vitro model of normal neurons. Oxygraphy ...
Pennarossa G - - 2013
Large animal models provide useful data for pre-clinical research including regenerative medicine. However whereas the derivation of tissue specific stem cells has been successful. pluripotent stem cells so far have been difficult to obtain in these species. A possible alternative could be direct reprogramming but this has only been described ...
Liang Jen-I - - 2013
The aim of this study was to explore the potential for a better recovery outcome for the Achilles tendon at an early healing stage when a mixed biomaterial-tenocyte injection is used. The experimental animals underwent single limb Achilles tendon transection followed by suturing repair. A solution of either hyaluronic acid ...
Zhang Daoyu - - 2013
The advantages of one-dimensional nanostructures, such as excellent charge separation and charge transport, low charge carrier recombination losses and so on, render them the photocatalysts of choice for many applications that exploit solar energy. In this work, based on very recently synthesized ultrathin anatase TiO2 nanowires, we explore the possibility ...
Gaulton Timothy Glen - - 2013
Sepsis is a major cause of hospital admissions and mortality. Nevertheless, there are significant gaps in our knowledge of the epidemiology of sepsis in obese people, who now represent more than one-third of the population in the United States. The objective of this study was to measure the association between ...
Horie Shigeo - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: To clarify the correlation between the Japanese Aging Male Questionnaire (JAMQ) and the Aging Males' Symptoms (AMS) scale through the factor analysis in Japanese male. Materials and methods: In 61 male patients who visited the LOH outpatient clinic of Teikyo University Hospital, subjective symptoms featuring LOH were evaluated ...
Lodhi Romana S Z - - 2013
Abstract The study was conducted to evaluate the effects of human relaxin on apoptosis in the human trophoblast derived HTR-8/SV neo cell line, which is a possible model of human extravillous trophoblasts (EVTs). HTR-8/SV neo cells, cultured in phenol red free RPMI1640 medium, were treated with different doses of human ...
Zagra A - - 2013
Purpose of the study was to analyze in a retrospective way the clinical and radiographic outcome of three different surgical techniques in patients who underwent anterior cervical fusion. Eighty-six patients affected by symptomatic cervical disc herniation or spondylosis underwent cervical anterior fusion. Patients were divided in three groups considering the ...
Besaury Ludovic - - 2013
We analyzed the impact of copper mine tailing discharges on benthic Archaea and Bacteria around the city of Chanaral in northern Chile. Quantitative PCR (Q-PCR) showed that the bacteria dominated the prokaryotic community at both sites, but only the bacteria showed a decrease in abundance in the copper-contaminated site. Q-PCR ...
Montag Christian - - 2013
The neuropeptide oxytocin plays an important role in social cognition. One valuable tool to study social cognition in healthy and autistic humans in a neuroscientific context is the investigation of gaze toward another person. Of importance, it has been demonstrated that pronounced amygdala activation could be observed, when participants are ...
Rojas Rodas Felipe - - 2013
There are substantial genotypic differences in the levels of flavonol glycosides (FGs) in soybean leaves. The first objective of this study was to identify and locate genes responsible for FG biosynthesis in the soybean genome. The second objective was to clone and verify the function of these candidate genes. Recombinant ...
Lee Jun Sang - - 2013
To investigate the prognostic value of tumor markers, cancer antigen 15-3 (CA 15-3) and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels at diagnosis of systemic recurrence. After primary treatments of locoregional breast cancers, serum CA 15-3 and/or CEA concentrations were regularly measured, and systemic recurrences were identified in 351 patients between January 1999 ...
Li Yajun - - 2013
A novel method for the synthesis of 2-trifluoromethylquinolines via Cu-catalyzed tandem reactions was reported. A strong electronic effect was observed, but the steric effect was negligible.
Seidelmann Sara B - - 2013
Arteries consist of an inner single layer of endothelial cells surrounded by layers of smooth muscle and an outer adventitia. The majority of vascular developmental studies focus on the construction of endothelial networks through the process of angiogenesis. Although many devastating vascular diseases involve abnormalities in components of the smooth ...
Klosowiak Julian L - - 2013
Miro is a highly conserved calcium-binding GTPase at the regulatory nexus of mitochondrial transport and autophagy. Here we present crystal structures comprising the tandem EF hand and carboxy terminal GTPase (cGTPase) domains of Drosophila Miro. The structures reveal two previously unidentified 'hidden' EF hands, each paired with a canonical EF ...
Nasu Keiro - - 2013
Efficient thermally activated delayed fluorescence was observed from a spiro-anthracenone derivative (ACRSA). An organic light-emitting diode containing ACRSA exhibited blue-greenish electroluminescence with a maximum external quantum efficiency of 16.5%.
Schoenfeld Ryan C - - 2013
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major global public health problem. While the current standard of care, a direct-acting antiviral (DAA) protease inhibitor in combination with pegylated interferon with ribavirin, represents a major advancement in recent years, an unmet medical need still exists to develop treatment modalities that improve upon ...
Gudziol Volker - - 2013
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can cause olfactory loss. The aim of this cross-sectional and prospective study was to determine the prevalence of olfactory loss among 110 patients with TBI within 3 months after the trauma. In 81 patients ("cross-sectional"-group), olfactory function could be measured using the validated "Sniffin' Sticks" test for ...
Burnier Michel - - 2013
Abstract Background: Clinical research in the field of hypertension is now increasingly focusing on the potential effects of antihypertensive treatments that may go beyond the reduction of blood pressure (BP). In particular, renal protection appears as a desirable goal, especially considering that hypertension is associated with an increased risk of ...
Miedaner Thomas - - 2013
We investigated associations between line per se and testcross performance in rye and suggested that selection for per se performance is valuable for several traits in multi-stage selection programs. Genotypic correlation between line per se and testcross performance is an important quantitative-genetic parameter for optimizing hybrid breeding programs. The main ...
Waldron Mark - - 2013
Abstract This study investigated the relationship between the physical abilities of adolescent rugby league players and tackling and ball-carrying skills performed during matches, across three seasons (under-15 to under-17). The players were measured each season for acceleration (10-30 m), peak and mean speed (10-30 m), sprinting force (10-30 m), aerobic ...
Gallagher Laura E - - 2013
Autophagy is a conserved cellular degradative process important for cellular homoeostasis and survival. An early committal step during the initiation of autophagy requires the actions of a protein kinase called ATG1 (autophagy gene 1). In mammalian cells, ATG1 is represented by ULK1 (uncoordinated-51-like kinase 1), which relies on its essential ...
Zeng Tao - - 2013
In this report, we systematically studied the effects of different metal ions on the fluorescence of common thiolate ligand capped quantum dots. Generally, heavy metal ions exhibited much more significant fluorescence quenching. Also, the coordination capability and steric hindrance of the ligand jointly affect the quenching efficiency.
Giotakos Orestis - - 2013
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the association between lithium levels in the public water supply and prefecture-based suicide rates in Greece. Analyses were conducted with respect to lithium levels in 149 samples from 34 prefectures of Greece. The average lithium level was 11.10 μg/l (range 0.1 to ...
Janrungroatsakul Wanwisa - - 2013
Films of silver nanoparticles are used for the first time as an electrical conductor and ion-to-electron transducer to fabricate coated-wire ion selective electrodes (ISEs) on paper. The film of nano silver ink (nano silver film), synthesized from the reduction of AgNO3 by NaBH4, was screen printed on paper. Transmission electron ...
Fa Svetlana - - 2013
The toxicity of hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD) has been extensively studied; however, the mechanism and the effects of HBCDD on female reproductive system have been less frequently reported. In this study, we exposed rat granulosa cells to HBCDD during in vitro follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)-driven cell proliferation and differentiation. Here, we show that ...
Hansen Christopher S - - 2013
The ultraviolet photodissociation of gas-phase N-methylpyridinium ions is studied at room temperature using laser photodissociation mass spectrometry and structurally diagnostic ion-molecule reaction kinetics. The C5H5N-CH3+ (m/z 94), C5H5N-CD3+ (m/z 97), and C5D5N-CH3+(m/z 99) isotopologues are investigated and it is shown that the N-methylpyridinium ion photodissociates by the loss of methane ...
Lalaymia Ismahen - - 2013
Long-term maintenance of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) by in vitro or in vivo subcultivation is often expensive and time-consuming and could present the risk of contaminations and possibly morphological, physiological, and genetic variations over time. Recently, in vitro produced AMF isolates belonging to the genus Rhizophagus were successfully cryopreserved at ...
Whitehouse M W - - 2013
This Journal has recently published a splendid review of all you need to know about paracetamol (Graham et al. 2013), an analgesic widely used in the long-term management of arthritis. It clearly presents the science and hard facts. This commentary, by contrast, discusses some aspects of the metapharmacology of paracetamol; ...
Snelders Jeroen - - 2013
To investigate the antioxidant capacity of ferulic acid (FA) in conjunction with prebiotic arabinoxylanoligosaccharides (AXOS), procedures for the production of FA enriched, depleted and cross-linked AXOS were developed and samples were analyzed using the Trolox Equivalent Antioxidant Capacity (TEAC) and Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity (ORAC) assays. Results showed that not ...
Valence Stéphanie - - 2013
Polymicrogyria (PMG) is a clinically heterogeneous malformation of cortical development, characterized by a loss of the normal gyral pattern that is replaced by many small and infolded gyri separated by shallow sulci that are partly fused in their depths. Causes of PMG are heterogeneous and include acquired and genetic causes. ...
Flores María Elena Báez - - 2013
The fungal spore concentration (FSC) in the air poses a risk for human health. This work studied the FSC in university libraries and how it is affected by environmental factors. A total of 347 samples were obtained using a Microbio MB2(®) Aerosol Sampler. The wind speed (WS), cross wind (CW), ...
Chalmers Benjamin A - - 2013
The methoxyamine group represents an ideal protecting group for the nitroxide moiety. It can be easily and selectively introduced in high yield (typically >90%) to a range of functionalised nitroxides using FeSO4·7H2O and H2O2 in DMSO. Its removal is readily achieved under mild conditions in high yield (70-90%) using mCPBA ...
Soderquist Ryan - - 2013
S1 is a putative BH3 mimetic proposed to inhibit BCL2 and MCL1 based on cell-free assays. However, we previously demonstrated that it failed to inhibit BCL2 or induce apoptosis in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells, which are dependent on BCL2 for survival. In contrast, we show here that S1 rapidly ...
Van De Werd Henri J J M - - 2013
This study compares the cytoarchitectonic parcellation of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) in the mouse as presented in publications that are commonly used for identifying brain areas. Agreement was found to be greater for boundaries in the medial PFC than in the lateral PFC and lowest for those in the orbital ...
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