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Results 201 - 250 of 2743
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Agarwal Parul - - 2013
Several reports of promoters from plants, viral and artificial origin that confer high constitutive expression are known. Among these the CaMV 35S promoter is used extensively for transgene expression in plants. We identified candidate promoters from Arabidopsis based on their transcript levels (meta-analysis of available microarray control datasets) to test ...
Omori Toshihiro - - 2013
In polycrystalline materials, grain growth occurs at elevated temperatures to reduce the total area of grain boundaries with high energy. The grain growth rate usually slows down with annealing time, making it hard to obtain grains larger than a millimeter in size. We report a crystal growth method that employs ...
Zagra A - - 2013
Purpose of the study was to analyze in a retrospective way the clinical and radiographic outcome of three different surgical techniques in patients who underwent anterior cervical fusion. Eighty-six patients affected by symptomatic cervical disc herniation or spondylosis underwent cervical anterior fusion. Patients were divided in three groups considering the ...
Gomaa Mohammed Abdel Motaal - - 2013
The study was proposed to evaluate co-morbid depression, anxiety and stress associated with tinnitus patients. The study was done on 196 subjects: 100 patients suffering from subjective tinnitus associated with hearing loss (tinnitus group), 45 patients suffering from hearing loss only (hearing loss group) and 50 healthy subjects not suffering ...
Gudziol Volker - - 2013
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can cause olfactory loss. The aim of this cross-sectional and prospective study was to determine the prevalence of olfactory loss among 110 patients with TBI within 3 months after the trauma. In 81 patients ("cross-sectional"-group), olfactory function could be measured using the validated "Sniffin' Sticks" test for ...
Fa Svetlana - - 2013
The toxicity of hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD) has been extensively studied; however, the mechanism and the effects of HBCDD on female reproductive system have been less frequently reported. In this study, we exposed rat granulosa cells to HBCDD during in vitro follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)-driven cell proliferation and differentiation. Here, we show that ...
Hartmann Erik K - - 2013
The lectin-like domain of TNF-alpha mimicked by an inhaled TIP peptide represents a novel approach to attenuate a pulmonary edema in respiratory failure, which is on the threshold to clinical application. In extension to a previously published study, which reported an improved pulmonary function following TIP peptide inhalation in a ...
Azuma David L - - 2013
A key function of forest inventory is to detect changes in the area of forest land over time, yet different definitions of forest land are used in different regions of the world. Changes in the definition of forest intended to improve international consistency can affect the ability to quantify true ...
Zhang Yuanqing - - 2013
We present a bioprobe for synchrotron X-ray fluorescence imaging based on dendrimer-folate-copper conjugates. The metal nanoclusters within a dendrimer exhibit excellent FR-targeting properties in KB cells. It could be used as a new multifunction bioprobe for synchrotron X-ray fluorescence mapping.
Malin Steven K - - 2013
Obesity may attenuate metabolic health improvements following lifestyle interventions. However, the effect of adiposity on insulin action following resistance exercise in young non-diabetic women is unknown. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that adiposity attenuates improvements in insulin sensitivity and glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (INS0-60/GLC0-60) after both ...
Burke F J T - - 2013
Objective To evaluate reinforced glass-ionomer restorations which had been placed in a general dental practice more than five years previously.Method Patients who were identified as having received reinforced one or more reinforced glass-ionomer restorations were invited to attend for an examination of their restorations using scientific evaluation criteria, by one ...
Ueno Yuji - - 2013
Large atheromatous aortic plaques (AAPs) are associated with stroke recurrence. Rosuvastatin is a potent lipid-lowering agent and suppresses carotid and coronary artery atherosclerosis. It is unclear whether rosuvastatin has anti-atherogenic effects against AAPs in stroke patients. We designed a clinical trial in stroke patients to analyze changes in AAPs after ...
Azab Basem - - 2013
Neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a predictor of major adverse cardiovascular outcomes. Our study explores the value of NLR in predicting long-term mortality after minimally invasive coronary artery bypass surgery (MICS) via lateral left-thoracotomy versus conventional sternotomy coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. A total of 1126 consecutive patients (729 ...
Uzbekov Rustem - - 2013
Recent studies have suggested that nuclear lipid droplets (LDs) are organized into domains similar to those of cytoplasmic LDs. As cytoplasmic LDs are formed at the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane, which is structurally continuous with the nuclear envelope, it could be suggested however that nuclear LDs are cytoplamic LDs trapped ...
Cho Jin-Gyeong - - 2013
The transgenic rice cultivar of Oryza sativa spp japonica cv. Hwa-Young, C1/R-S transgenic rice (C1/R-S rice), is a flavonoid-rich cultivar of rice. The grains of C1/R-S rice were extracted with aqueous MeOH and the concentrated extract was partitioned with EtOAc, n-BuOH, and H2O, successively. Repeated silica gel and octadecyl silica ...
Ali Nisreen Feroz - - 2013
To determine the knowledge and ethical perception regarding organ donation amongst medical students in Karachi- Pakistan. Data of this cross sectional study was collected by self administered questionnaire from MBBS students of Ziauddin University from 2010 to 2011. Sample size of 158 (83 First years and 75 Fourth years) were ...
Topac V - - 2013
Background: Patient empowerment is important in order to increase the quality of medical care and the life quality of the patients. An important obstacle for empowering patients is the language barrier the lay patient encounter when accessing medical information. Objectives: To design and develop a service that will help increase ...
Ferrelli Juliet - - 2013
Aim The aim of this paper is to provide a review of the hand hygiene literature and to give an example of the use of this literature to create a multimodal sustainable hand hygiene program. Background The literature describes six key ingredients to consider when designing a hand hygiene program. ...
Viñas Pilar - - 2013
An extensive critical evaluation of the application of dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (DLLME) combined with chromatographic and atomic-spectroscopic methods for the determination of organic and inorganic compounds is presented. The review emphasizes the procedures used for the prior treatment of food samples, which are very different from the DLLME procedures generally ...
Donkers Franc C L - - 2013
Neurobiological underpinnings of unusual sensory features in individuals with autism are unknown. Event-related potentials elicited by task-irrelevant sounds were used to elucidate neural correlates of auditory processing and associations with three common sensory response patterns (hyperresponsiveness; hyporesponsiveness; sensory seeking). Twenty-eight children with autism and 39 typically developing children (4-12 year-olds) completed ...
Singh Surjit - - 2013
Although Kawasaki disease (KD) is now being increasingly reported from India, the vast majority of children with KD are still not being diagnosed and treated. A recent study from Chandigarh has shown that the incidence of KD is at least 4.54/100,000 children below 15 y of age. Extrapolations of this figure ...
Rochelle-Newall E E IRD-Bioemco, UMR 7618, c/o Soils and Fertilisers Research Institute (SFRI), Dong Ngac, Tu Liem District, Hanoi, Vietnam, - - 2014
Chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM) fluorescence or absorption is often proposed as a rapid alternative to chemical methods for the estimation of bulk dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentration in natural waters. However, the robustness of this method across a wide range of systems remains to be shown. We measured CDOM ...
Ren Xueying X The John B Pierce Laboratory, 290 Congress Avenue, New Haven, CT, 06519, - - 2013
Dietary intake of L-amino acids impacts on several physiological functions, including the control of gastrointestinal motility, pancreatic secretion, and appetite. However, the biological mechanisms regulating behavioral predilections for certain amino acid types remain poorly understood. We tested the hypothesis that, in mice, the potency with which a given glucogenic amino ...
Choi Yong Sun - - 2013
To evaluate which factors affecting changes in postoperative renal function after conducting radical nephrectomy or partial nephrectomy. Data on patients who underwent operations for renal cell carcinoma between 2000 and 2010 at multiple institutions were collected. Patient characteristics including preoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate (EGFR) were investigated, and types of ...
Kiviniemi Marc T - - 2013
Preventive health behaviors are believed to be motivated in part by a person's perception of risk for a particular health problem. Risk contains a cognitive component, beliefs about the chances of a health problem occurring, and an affective component, fear or worry about the health problem. Although both have been ...
Huang Ao - - 2013
Transmembrane protease/serine 4 (TMPRSS4), a member of the type II transmembrane serine protease family, is highly expressed in some human cancers and involved in the EMT regulation of cancer cells. The prognostic value of TMPRSS4 in colorectal cancer (CRC) has not been discussed. This study aims to evaluate the association ...
Leshin L A - - 2013
Samples from the Rocknest aeolian deposit were heated to ~835°C under helium flow and evolved gases analyzed by Curiosity's Sample Analysis at Mars instrument suite. H2O, SO2, CO2, and O2 were the major gases released. Water abundance (1.5 to 3 weight percent) and release temperature suggest that H2O is bound ...
Pennarossa G - - 2013
Large animal models provide useful data for pre-clinical research including regenerative medicine. However whereas the derivation of tissue specific stem cells has been successful. pluripotent stem cells so far have been difficult to obtain in these species. A possible alternative could be direct reprogramming but this has only been described ...
McGuire Jessica L - - 2013
The gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus), one of five tortoise species endemic in the USA, was recently classified as a candidate for federal listing as a threatened species. Fecal samples collected from 117 tortoises from eight sites in Georgia were examined for endoparasites using a combination of sedimentation and flotation. Samples ...
Nasu Keiro - - 2013
Efficient thermally activated delayed fluorescence was observed from a spiro-anthracenone derivative (ACRSA). An organic light-emitting diode containing ACRSA exhibited blue-greenish electroluminescence with a maximum external quantum efficiency of 16.5%.
Xu Yunfeng - - 2013
The present study identified some new important genomic regions and demonstrated the availability of conditional analysis in dissecting QTLs induced by environmental factors. The high input and low use efficiency of nutrient fertilizers require knowledge of the genetic control of crop reaction to nutrient supplements. In this study, 14 morphological ...
Holman Luke - - 2013
Organisms are predicted to behave more favourably towards relatives, and kin-biased cooperation has been found in all domains of life from bacteria to vertebrates. Cooperation based on genetic recognition cues is paradoxical because it disproportionately benefits individuals with common phenotypes, which should erode the required cue polymorphism. Theoretical models suggest ...
Poornima Jayakumar - - 2013
Indole glucosinolates, present in cruciferous vegetables have been investigated for their putative pharmacological properties. The current study was designed to analyse whether the treatment of the indole glucosinolates-indole-3-carbinol (I3C) and its metabolite 3,3'-diindolylmethane (DIM) could alter the carbohydrate metabolism in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced C57BL/6J mice. The plasma glucose, insulin, haemoglobin ...
Torche Fayçal - - 2013
The diethylcarbonate, DEC, is an ester that is used as a solvent in Li-ion batteries but its behavior under ionizing radiation was unknown. The transient optical absorption spectra, the decay kinetics, and the influence of various scavengers have been studied by using the picosecond laser-triggered electron accelerator ELYSE. In neat ...
Bosi Susanna - - 2013
As a result of their peculiar features, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are emerging in many areas of nanotechnology applications. CNT-based technology has been increasingly proposed for biomedical applications, to develop biomolecule nanocarriers, bionanosensors and smart material for tissue engineering purposes. In the following chapter this latter application will be explored, describing ...
Fegade Umesh - - 2013
Urea based fluorescent chemosensor 1 was synthesized. Receptor 1 shows unique selectivity for the Fe(3+)ion and no such significant response was noticed with other metal ions (Cr(3+), Mn(2+), Co(2+), Ni(2+), Cu(2+), Zn(2+), Cd(2+), Hg(2+), Pb(2+) and Bi(3+)) in DMSO/H2O (50:50,v/v) semi-aqueous solution. The binding features have been established by absorption ...
Sun Pengling - - 2013
Pathogenic pain is a common sign of many diseases. The mechanism is unclear. Activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4) plays a critical role in cell activation. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is an important molecule in pathogenic pain. This study aims to investigate the role of ATF4 in inducing BDNF release from ...
Wu Yunwen - - 2013
Non-sticky and highly adhesive superhydrophobic microball-nanosheet hierarchically structured silver films were obtained after surface modification and storage respectively.
Stolper E M EM Caltech, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA. - - 2013
"Jake_M," the first rock analyzed by the Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer instrument on the Curiosity rover, differs substantially in chemical composition from other known martian igneous rocks: It is alkaline (>15% normative nepheline) and relatively fractionated. Jake_M is compositionally similar to terrestrial mugearites, a rock type typically found at ocean ...
Lee Daeho - - 2013
In this study, a hierarchical TiO2 nanostructure with densely-packed and omnidirectional branches grown by a hydrothermal method is introduced. This morphology is achieved via high-concentration TiCl4 treatment of upright backbone nanowires (NWs) followed by hydrothermal growth. Secondary nanobranches grow in all directions from densely distributed, needle-like seeds on the jagged ...
Abuteen Akram - - 2013
Six free base tetrapyrrolic chromophores, three quinoline-annulated porphyrins and three morpholinobacteriochlorins, that absorb light in the near-IR range and possess, in comparison to regular porphyrins, unusually low fluorescence emission and (1)O2 quantum yields were tested with respect to their efficacy as novel molecular photo-acoustic imaging contrast agents in a tissue ...
Nixdorff Kathryn - - 2013
Advances in the life sciences are occurring with extreme rapidity and accumulating a great deal of knowledge about life's vital processes. While this knowledge is essential for fighting disease in a more effective way, it can also be misused either intentionally or inadvertently to develop novel and more effective biological ...
Demanet Jelle - - 2013
The present study investigated the involvement of bottom-up and top-down control in task-switching situations in which tasks are selected on a voluntary basis. We tested for indices of both types of control in the reduction in switch cost that is observed when more time is available before executing a task. ...
Rouf Razina - - 2013
A new N-acetyl-D-glucosamine (GlcNAc) specific lectin was identified and purified from the fruiting body of the Australian indigenous mushroom Psathyrella asperospora. The functional lectin, named PAL, showed hemagglutination activity against neuraminidase treated rabbit and human blood types A, B and O, and exhibited high binding specificity towards GlcNAc, as well ...
Drozdowski Piotr H - - 2013
Abstract Ichtyosis is an heterogeneous group of diseases characterized by formation of hyperkeratotic, squamous, tile-like scales virtually on the whole body. Depending on the severity and localization of the symptoms, the disease may lead to serious complications including ectropion of the eyelids, which may further lead to ocular disorders, including ...
Zhang Xiaolong - - 2013
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is known to be associated with microcirculatory injury, capillary blockage, and disruption of the blood-brain barrier. Endothelial dysfunction has also been reported to be associated with AD, but the underlying mechanisms remain to be elucidated. Endothelial protein C receptor (EPCR) is an N-glycosylated type I membrane protein ...
Glass Allison S - - 2013
A variety of clinical and imaging findings are used by clinicians to determine utility of renal angioembolization (AE) in managing renal trauma. Our purpose was to investigate specific criteria that clinicians who manage high-grade renal trauma (HGRT) utilize in decision-making for primary or delayed AE. A total of 413 urologists ...
Jang Jaeyoung - - 2013
Graphene has shown great potential as an electrode material for organic electronic devices such as organic field-effect transistors (FETs) because of its high conductivity, thinness, and good compatibility with organic semiconductor materials. To achieve high performance in graphene-based organic FETs, favorable molecular orientation and good crystallinity of organic semiconductors on ...
Suzuki Kazuo - - 2013
Myeloperoxidase (MPO)-specific antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) is associated with rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (RPGN) in microscopic polyangiitis (MPA). MPO-ANCA activates neutrophils by binding to cell surface MPO expressed on tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-primed neutrophils and induces neutrophil degranulation and production of reactive oxygen species, consequently resulting in glomerular endothelial damage. Recently, ...
Waldron Mark - - 2013
Abstract This study investigated the relationship between the physical abilities of adolescent rugby league players and tackling and ball-carrying skills performed during matches, across three seasons (under-15 to under-17). The players were measured each season for acceleration (10-30 m), peak and mean speed (10-30 m), sprinting force (10-30 m), aerobic ...
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