Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 2743
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Fragoso A S - - 2013
It is of current interest the identification of appropriate matrices for growing mesenchymal stem cells (MSC). These cells are able not only to regenerate themselves but also to differentiate into other type of functional cells, and so they have been extensively used in tissue engineering. In this work, we have ...
Brennan Caitlin W - - 2013
Abstract New competencies exist for interprofessional education, which are centered on the goal of improving quality of care and patient safety through improved interprofessional collaboration. Interprofessional education and effective interprofessional collaboration are cornerstones of the Veterans Affairs Quality Scholars fellowship program. The purpose of this project was to evaluate an ...
Buehring B - - 2013
Myostatin, a member of the transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) superfamily, was first described in 1997. Since then, myostatin has gained growing attention because of the discovery that myostatin inhibition leads to muscle mass accrual. Myostatin not only plays a key role in muscle homeostasis, but also affects fat and ...
Atasoy Ayse Dilek - - 2013
Endemic fluorosis affects millions of people worldwide. Fluorosis arises from the consumption of fluorine (F) contaminated water and was observed also in some parts of Turkey with volcanic rocks and geothermal resources. In the present study the removal of F from drinking water by raw and modified bauxite at the ...
Pinto Fábio Roberto - - 2013
The aim is to determine if tumor thickness is a risk factor related to the development of early recurrences in surgically treated oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Retrospective cohort study conducted at Instituto do Câncer do Estado de São Paulo (ICESP). Fifty-seven patients with oral cavity SCC (excluding lip ...
Barba Paola - - 2013
Improved efficacy and durability of powdery mildew resistance can be enhanced via knowledge of the genetics of resistance and susceptibility coupled with the development of high-resolution maps to facilitate the stacking of multiple resistance genes and other desirable traits. We studied the inheritance of powdery mildew (Erysiphe necator) resistance and ...
Chen Zhiheng - - 2013
Coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) is a common human pathogen for acute myocarditis, pancreatitis, non-septic meningitis, and encephalitis; it induces a direct cytopathic effect (CPE) and apoptosis on infected cells. The Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (AKT/PKB)/mammalian target of Rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway regulates several cellular processes and it is one of ...
Flores María Elena Báez - - 2013
The fungal spore concentration (FSC) in the air poses a risk for human health. This work studied the FSC in university libraries and how it is affected by environmental factors. A total of 347 samples were obtained using a Microbio MB2(®) Aerosol Sampler. The wind speed (WS), cross wind (CW), ...
Navinan Mitrakrishnan Rayno - - 2013
Electrical injury may result in arrhythmias, however atrial fibrillation following low voltage electrocution is not a common occurrence. A 70-year-old South-Asian woman with no prior history of cardiovascular disease presented following an accidental low voltage electrocution with loss of consciousness. On initial assessment she was found to be in atrial ...
Murray Kantahyanee W - - 2013
Few studies have examined both maternal and paternal parenting practices in the prediction of child outcomes despite evidence that underscores the salience of fathers throughout their children's development. This study examined the role of the quality of mother-child and father-child relationships in buffering the influence of ineffective parenting practices on ...
- - 2013
Green tea, following application for an impractical time of one hour, recovers bond strengths following the deleterious effects of bleaching.
Roberts Rebecca - - 2013
Autophagy is a conserved survival pathway, which cells and tissues will activate during times of stress. It is characterized by the formation of double-membrane vesicles called autophagosomes inside the cytoplasm. The molecular mechanisms and the signalling components involved require specific control to ensure correct activation. The present chapter describes the ...
Jennings Joshua H JH Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, - - 2013
The growing prevalence of overeating disorders is a key contributor to the worldwide obesity epidemic. Dysfunction of particular neural circuits may trigger deviations from adaptive feeding behaviors. The lateral hypothalamus (LH) is a crucial neural substrate for motivated behavior, including feeding, but the precise functional neurocircuitry that controls LH neuronal ...
Ley-Quiñónez C P - - 2013
The concentration of heavy metals (Zn, Cd, Ni, Cu, Mn) and selenium (Se) was analyzed in blood collected from 12 black turtles (Chelonia mydas agasiizzi) captured in Canal del Infiernillo, Punta Chueca, Mexico. The most abundant metals were Zn (63.58 μg g(-1)) and Se (7.66 μg g(-1)), and Cd was the lower (0.99 μg g(-1)). The ...
Shinnabe Akihiro - - 2013
This study investigated the difference in clinical characteristics of fallopian canal dehiscence associated with pars flaccida and pars tensa cholesteatomas for the purpose of increasing the preoperative detectability of dehiscence. A total of 189 ears of patients 7-80 years of age (mean 42 years) with pars flaccida cholesteatoma and 63 ears of ...
Yurttutan Sadık - - 2013
Tissue damage in necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) of infants occurs as a result of an uncontrolled inflammatory response. The aim of this study was to investigate any potential anti-inflammatory effects that Etanercept may have on the inflammatory response in an experimental NEC model in newborn rats. Newborn pups were randomized into ...
Ye Xuan - - 2013
Amyloid precursor protein (APP) metabolism is a key factor in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Amyloid-beta (Aβ) in mitochondria comes from APP mitochondrial metabolism or from the uptake Aβ from outside of mitochondria. It has been recently proposed that mitochondria are involved in the biochemical pathways through which Aβ ...
Rocha Conceição - - 2013
In the last decades propofol became established as an intravenous agent for the induction and maintenance of both sedation and general anesthesia procedures. In order to achieve the desired clinical effects appropriate infusion rate strategies must be designed. Moreover, it is important to avoid or minimize associated side effects namely ...
Pastor Jesús - - 2013
Fluorescence-guided resection (FGR) using 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) exhibits a potential risk of permanent neurological deficits that can be minimized using intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM). We assessed the role of IONM in FGR surgery in patients harboring tumors in or near eloquent areas. IONM and FGR surgeries were performed on 34 ...
Ganley Ian G - - 2013
Compartmentalization is essential in the eukaryotic cell and this is most often achieved by sequestering specific components that perform a related function in a membrane-bound organelle. To function normally these organelles must transiently fuse with other compartments in order to transfer protein and lipid that is needed for them to ...
Cengiz Huseyin - - 2013
Almost 50 % of the patients experience moderate-to-severe pain during endometrial biopsy. The study aimed to examine the effectiveness of intrauterine lidocaine for relieving pain during endometrial biopsy. A randomised trial was conducted in 120 patients undergoing endometrial biopsy. Sixty-seven women were assigned to the paracervical block group and 53 were ...
Traore Daouda A K - - 2013
Following its secretion from cytotoxic lymphocytes into the immune synapse, perforin binds to target cell membranes through its Ca2+-dependent C2 domain. Membrane-bound perforin then forms pores that allow passage of pro-apoptopic granzymes into the target cell. Here, structural and biochemical studies reveal that Ca2+ binding triggers a conformational change in ...
Jiang Pan-Pan - - 2013
Antifolate antimalarials, such as pyrimethamine, have experienced a dramatic reduction in therapeutic efficacy as resistance has evolved in multiple malaria species. We present evidence from one such species, Plasmodium vivax, which has experienced sustained selection for pyrimethamine resistance at the dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) locus since the 1970s. Using a transgenic ...
Shoji Tetsuo - - 2013
This article reviews the relationship between serum lipids and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in hemodialysis patients. Epidemiologic studies showed a cholesterol paradox in hemodialysis patients, but it can be solved by taking protein-energy wasting and inflammation into consideration. Wasting and inflammation are the risk factors of fatality after incident CVD. Randomized ...
- - 2013
Multicore(®)Flow/AdheSE(®)DC (ivoclar vivadent) was superior to Core.X Flow/XP Bond(®) (DENTSPLY Ltd) and SmartCem(®) (DENTSPLY Ltd), irrespective of irrigating the post space immediately before cementation with EDTA and/or NaOCl.
Patties I - - 2013
Combined action of irradiation (IR), shear stress, and high blood pressure is well recognized to induce damage to vasculature, while data on pathological effects of IR in large peripheral vessels with low blood pressure are scarce. The purpose of the present study was hence to investigate time- and dose-dependent effects ...
Fang Xin-Yu - - 2013
E2F1 is a transcriptional activator, which binds to DNA, and regulates the expression of genes involved in the cell cycle progression. Many elegant studies have revealed that E2F1 plays a crucial role in regulating the apoptosis process of DC and T cells. In addition, the pathogenesis of SLE involves marked ...
Norus Thomas - - 2013
Abstract Objective. The aim of this study was to report the outcomes of urinary diversion for bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC) at a large university hospital over a period of more than 10 years. Material and methods. Chart reviews were performed for BPS/IC patients who had undergone ileal conduit with ...
Li Juan - - 2013
We report a template-induced preferential electrodeposition method for tailoring hexagonally-packed metal hollow-nanocones and taper-nanotubes. After sputtering a layer of Au film, anodized aluminum foils with controllable periods and depths of taper-nanopore templates can be directly used as cathodes. Nanonipples on the top-layer of alumina taper-nanopores can cause the "tip effect" ...
La Hoz Ricardo M - - 2013
Immune modulatory agents used in solid organ transplantation and other disciplines have various mechanisms of action and differences in the duration and intensity of immunosuppression. While newer agents have improved patient outcomes, an important result of these immune modulatory agents is associated infections, caused by organisms such as cytomegalovirus, BK ...
Mahesh R - - 2013
To investigate the risk factors for early childhood caries (ECC) among Indian preschool children. This case control study recruited 380 children who were divided into two groups based on their def scores. The study group (cases) included children who were diagnosed with ECC (def > 0). The cases were compared with the ...
Chen Jun - - 2013
TRPA1 is an ion channel and has been proposed as a thermosensor across species. In invertebrate and ancestral vertebrates such as fly, mosquito, frog, lizard and snakes, TRPA1 serves as a heat receptor, a sensory input utilized for heat avoidance or infrared detection. However, in mammals, whether TRPA1 is a ...
Roza Thomas - - 2013
Bone metastases are very common in advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and can have a huge impact on quality of life by leading to skeletal-related events (SREs), including pain, pathologic fractures and spinal cord compression with need for surgery or radiotherapy. Because of their osteolytic aspect and biologic behaviour, these ...
Bunchorntavakul Chalermrat C Chalermrat Bunchorntavakul, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Rajavithi Hospital, College of Medicine, Rangsit University, Bangkok 10400, - - 2013
Hepatitis C genotype 6 is endemic in Southeast Asia [prevalence varies between 10%-60% among all hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection], as well as also sporadically reported outside the area among immigrations. The diagnosis of HCV genotype can be inaccurate with earlier methods of genotyping due to identical 5'-UTR between genotype ...
Lodhi Romana S Z - - 2013
Abstract The study was conducted to evaluate the effects of human relaxin on apoptosis in the human trophoblast derived HTR-8/SV neo cell line, which is a possible model of human extravillous trophoblasts (EVTs). HTR-8/SV neo cells, cultured in phenol red free RPMI1640 medium, were treated with different doses of human ...
Cadranel Alejandro - - 2013
A series of cyanide-bridged bimetallic compounds of the general formula [Ru(L)(bpy)(μ-NC)(M)](2-/-/2+) (L = tpy, 2,2'-6',2''-terpyridine, or tpm, tris(1-pyrazolyl)methane, bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine, M = Ru(II)(CN)5, Os(III)(CN)5, Os(II)(CN)5, Ru(II)(py)4(CN), py = pyridine) have been synthesized and fully characterized. Most of them present MLCT emission (λ = 690-730 nm, Φ = 10(-3)-10(-4)) and ...
Burnier Michel - - 2013
Abstract Background: Clinical research in the field of hypertension is now increasingly focusing on the potential effects of antihypertensive treatments that may go beyond the reduction of blood pressure (BP). In particular, renal protection appears as a desirable goal, especially considering that hypertension is associated with an increased risk of ...
Janrungroatsakul Wanwisa - - 2013
Films of silver nanoparticles are used for the first time as an electrical conductor and ion-to-electron transducer to fabricate coated-wire ion selective electrodes (ISEs) on paper. The film of nano silver ink (nano silver film), synthesized from the reduction of AgNO3 by NaBH4, was screen printed on paper. Transmission electron ...
Giampaolo V - - 2013
We present a multidisciplinary approach for characterization of a crude oil-contaminated site (Trecate, Italy), integrating geophysical data, such as subsoil electrical potential (in millivolts) and electrical resistivity (in ohm meters) distribution, with hydrogeological and bio-chemical data. Self-potential measurements have been evaluated together with active geoelectrical measurements and hydrological information, to ...
Yang Xueqing - - 2013
Carboxylesterases (CEs) are enzymes responsible for the detoxification of insecticides in insects. In the Cydia pomonella, CEs are involved in synthetic pyrethroid, neonicotinoid, carbamate, and organophosphate detoxification. However, functional overexpression of CEs proteins in Escherichia coli systems often results in insoluble proteins. In this study, we expressed the fusion protein ...
Zhao Qi - - 2013
Hypertension has become a major global health burden due to its high prevalence and associated increase in risk of cardiovascular disease and premature death. It is well established that hypertension is determined by both genetic and environmental factors and their complex interactions. Recent large-scale meta-analyses of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) ...
Sun Zihan - - 2013
Published studies on the association between interleukin-4 (IL-4) -590C>T polymorphism and gastric cancer risk have yielded conflicting results. Thus, a meta-analysis of published studies was performed to assess the possible association. All eligible studies of -590C>T polymorphism and gastric cancer risk were collected from the PubMed, the Cochrane Library, and ...
Zielinski S M - - 2013
The study rationale was to provide a detailed overview of the costs for femoral neck fracture treatment with internal fixation in the Netherlands. Mean total costs per patient at 2-years follow-up were <euro>19,425. Costs were higher for older, less healthy patients. Results are comparable to internationally published costs. The aim ...
Størset Elisabet - - 2013
To identify patient characteristics that influence tacrolimus individual dose requirement in kidney transplant recipients. Data on forty-four 12-h pharmacokinetic profiles from 29 patients and trough concentrations in 44 patients measured during the first 70 days after transplantation (1,546 tacrolimus whole blood concentrations) were analyzed. Population pharmacokinetic modeling was performed using NONMEM ...
Morise Zenichi Z Zenichi Morise, Norihiko Kawabe, Jin Kawase, Hirokazu Tomishige, Hidetoshi Nagata, Hisanori Ohshima, Satoshi Arakawa, Rie Yoshida, Masashi Isetani, Department of Surgery, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, Banbuntane Houtokukai Hospital, Aichi 454-8509, - - 2013
Pure laparoscopic hepatectomy is a less invasive procedure than conventional open hepatectomy for the resection of hepatic lesions. Increases in experiences with the technique, in combination with advances in technology, have promoted the popularity of pure laparoscopic hepatectomy. However, indications for usage and potential contraindications of the procedure remain unresolved. ...
Gallagher Laura E - - 2013
Autophagy is a conserved cellular degradative process important for cellular homoeostasis and survival. An early committal step during the initiation of autophagy requires the actions of a protein kinase called ATG1 (autophagy gene 1). In mammalian cells, ATG1 is represented by ULK1 (uncoordinated-51-like kinase 1), which relies on its essential ...
Zeng Tao - - 2013
In this report, we systematically studied the effects of different metal ions on the fluorescence of common thiolate ligand capped quantum dots. Generally, heavy metal ions exhibited much more significant fluorescence quenching. Also, the coordination capability and steric hindrance of the ligand jointly affect the quenching efficiency.
Mangas Iris - - 2013
Phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride (PMSF) is a protease and esterase inhibitor that causes protection, or potentiation/"promotion," of organophosphorus delayed neuropathy (OPIDN), depending on whether it is dosed before or after an inducer of delayed neuropathy, such as mipafox. The molecular target of the potentiation/promotion of OPIDN has not yet been identified. The ...
Wang Shanquan - - 2013
Wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) are major collection pools of antibiotics of which low concentrations may induce antibiotic resistance in their microbial communities and pose threat to human health. However, information is still limited on the microbial community alteration in WWTPs upon exposure to low-dose antibiotics due to absence of negative ...
Li Ming - - 2013
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFA) is an important molecule in inflammatory, infectious, and tumoral processes. Inflammation is one of the early phases in the development of gastric cancer (GC). Therefore, several studies have examined the association of polymorphism in TNFA with gastritis and GC risk. A functional polymorphism, -308G>A (rs1800629), ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >