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Results 101 - 150 of 2743
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Valence Stéphanie - - 2013
Polymicrogyria (PMG) is a clinically heterogeneous malformation of cortical development, characterized by a loss of the normal gyral pattern that is replaced by many small and infolded gyri separated by shallow sulci that are partly fused in their depths. Causes of PMG are heterogeneous and include acquired and genetic causes. ...
Hoogslag Georgette E - - 2013
The aim of the current study was to evaluate the prognostic implications of myocardial tissue heterogeneity assessed with two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography in patients three months after first ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤35 %. For this purpose, a total of 79 patients with first ...
Gibson Luke - - 2013
Tropical forests continue to be felled and fragmented around the world. A key question is how rapidly species disappear from forest fragments and how quickly humans must restore forest connectivity to minimize extinctions. We surveyed small mammals on forest islands in Chiew Larn Reservoir in Thailand 5 to 7 and ...
Thakurela Sudhir - - 2013
Topoisomerases resolve torsional stress, while their function in gene regulation, especially during cellular differentiation, remains unknown. Here we find that the expression of topo II isoforms, topoisomerase IIα and topoisomerase IIβ, is the characteristic of dividing and postmitotic tissues, respectively. In embryonic stem cells, topoisomerase IIα preferentially occupies active gene ...
Horie Shigeo - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: To clarify the correlation between the Japanese Aging Male Questionnaire (JAMQ) and the Aging Males' Symptoms (AMS) scale through the factor analysis in Japanese male. Materials and methods: In 61 male patients who visited the LOH outpatient clinic of Teikyo University Hospital, subjective symptoms featuring LOH were evaluated ...
Simpson Jane - - 2013
This study aimed to synthesise the illness narratives of individuals living with a pituitary tumour. Eight adults with a pituitary tumour were recruited from an endocrinology service in the north-west of England. A narrative methodology was adopted which investigated elements of the individual narratives such as metaphor and structure but ...
Klosowiak Julian L JL Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 303 East Chicago Avenue, Chicago, Illinois 60611, - - 2013
Miro is a highly conserved calcium-binding GTPase at the regulatory nexus of mitochondrial transport and autophagy. Here we present crystal structures comprising the tandem EF hand and carboxy terminal GTPase (cGTPase) domains of Drosophila Miro. The structures reveal two previously unidentified 'hidden' EF hands, each paired with a canonical EF ...
Sun Xianmiao - - 2013
TiO2 has been extensively investigated due to its unique photoelectric properties. In this study, oriented single-crystal rutile TiO2 nanorod arrays were synthesized and then calcined at different temperatures in the atmosphere. The morphology and crystalline characterization indicated that the length of TiO2 nanorods increased rapidly and the nanorods became aggregated ...
Wragg R C - - 2013
Venous occlusion following permanent central venous catheter (CVC) insertion by open cutdown or the landmark percutaneous technique has been reported between up to 25 %. However, there are no published data on the equivalent rate following ultrasound-guided percutaneous CVC insertion. The purpose of this study was to document the rate of venous ...
Chen F - - 2013
Sepsis is characterized as an uncontrolled inflammatory response. Spite et al. (Nature 461(7268):1287-1291, 2009) had demonstrated that resolvin D2, which is derived from docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), improves survival in cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-initiated sepsis and enhances bacterial clearance without immune suppression. Resolvin D1, which is also derived from DHA ...
Lalaymia Ismahen - - 2013
Long-term maintenance of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) by in vitro or in vivo subcultivation is often expensive and time-consuming and could present the risk of contaminations and possibly morphological, physiological, and genetic variations over time. Recently, in vitro produced AMF isolates belonging to the genus Rhizophagus were successfully cryopreserved at ...
Nakamura Ayumi - - 2013
Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) has gained increasing attention in clinical practice, particularly during coronary angiography (CAG). However, some "bioequivalent" generic (GE) drugs are less effective than the innovator (IN) drug. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare contrast media (IN drug)-induced renal dysfunction with contrast media (GE drug)-induced dysfunction. ...
Le D Elizabeth DE Hospital and Specialty Medicine - Cardiology, Portland VA Medical Center and Knight Cardiovascular Institute, Portland, OR, - - 2013
There is controversy regarding the superiority of carvedilol (C) over metoprolol (M) in congestive heart failure. We hypothesized that C is superior to M in chronic ischemic cardiomyopathy because of its better anti-inflammatory and pro-angiogenic effects. In order to test our hypothesis we used a chronic canine model of multivessel ...
Blancon Jean-Christophe - - 2013
The optical properties of single-wall carbon nanotubes are very promising for developing novel opto-electronic components and sensors with applications in many fields. Despite numerous studies performed using photoluminescence or Raman and Rayleigh scattering, knowledge of their optical response is still partial. Here we determine using spatial modulation spectroscopy, over a ...
Ayitou Anoklase Jean-Luc - - 2013
Direct irradiation of atropisomeric α-substituted acrylanilides in the presence of alkali metal ions gave high ee values in the 3,4-dihydro-2-quinolin-2-one photoproduct, while in the absence of alkali metal ions, racemic photoproduct was observed. The heavy atom effect leading to enhanced triplet yields alters the reactive pathway leading to the observed ...
Huzarski T - - 2013
To identify characteristic features of breast cancers associated with an NBS1 mutation. To estimate and to compare 10-year survival rates for patients with early-onset breast cancer, with and without an NBS1 mutation. 4,566 women with stage I to stage III breast cancer, diagnosed at or below age 50, were tested ...
Zheng Leizhen - - 2013
Genome-wide association studies have reported a promising association of rs4072037 with gastric cancer (GC). This variant was associated with altered physiological function of MUC1 possibly by modulating promoter activity and alternative splicing of MUC1. However, the association results were inconclusive and estimate of the effect of this variant was not ...
Lu Xiaolin - - 2013
Abstract Neural tube defects (NTDs) in mammals are rooted in aberrant neural tube closure during early embryogenesis, which is caused by multiple environmental and genetic factors. The Sonic hedgehog pathway is involved in the induction of the floor plate and participates in formation of the neural tube. Mutation of the ...
Rego Stephen L - - 2013
The role of the tumor microenvironment especially of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) in the progression and metastatic spread of breast cancer is well established. TAMs have primarily a M2 (wound-healing) phenotype with minimal cytotoxic activities. The mechanisms by which tumor cells influence TAMs to display a pro-tumor phenotype are still debated ...
Yonekawa Tohru - - 2013
Autophagy is intimately associated with eukaryotic cell death and apoptosis. Indeed, in some cases the same proteins control both autophagy and apoptosis. Apoptotic signalling can regulate autophagy and conversely autophagy can regulate apoptosis (and most likely other cell death mechanisms). However, the molecular connections between autophagy and cell death are ...
Pucer Anja - - 2013
Alterations in lipid metabolism are inherent to the metabolic transformations that support tumorigenesis. The relationship between the synthesis, storage and use of lipids and their importance in cancer is poorly understood. The human group X secreted phospholipase A2 (hGX sPLA2) releases fatty acids (FAs) from cell membranes and lipoproteins, but ...
Gott Chloe - - 2013
Episodic thinking involves the ability to re-create past and to construct future personal events, which contain event-specific (episodic) and general (semantic) details. The richness of episodic thought for past events improves as children move into adolescence. The current study aims to examine changes in episodic future thinking and to establish ...
Hasche Leslie K - - 2013
This manuscript details potential benefits for using a research-practice partnership to adapt collaborative depression care for public community long-term care agencies serving older adults. We used sequential, multi-phase, and mixed methods approaches for documenting the process of adaptation within a case study. Systematic adaptation strategies are described, such as leveraging ...
Leon Leticia - - 2013
Negative affect appears frequently in rheumatic diseases, but studies about their importance and prevalence in systemic sclerosis patients are scarce, and the results are inconclusive separately. We conducted a comprehensive search on April 2013 of PubMed, Medline, and PsycINFO databases to identify original research studies published. A total of 48 ...
Elliott Paul I P - - 2013
The reactions of water with a number of iridium(iii) complexes relevant to the mechanism for catalytic methanol carbonylation are reported. The iridium acetyl, [Ir(CO)2I3(COMe)](-), reacts with water under mild conditions to release CO2 and CH4, rather than the expected acetic acid. Isotopic labeling and kinetic experiments are consistent with a ...
Delong Caroline M - - 2013
Object constancy, the ability to recognize objects despite changes in orientation, has not been well studied in the auditory modality. Dolphins use echolocation for object recognition, and objects ensonified by dolphins produce echoes that can vary significantly as a function of orientation. In this experiment, human listeners had to classify ...
Conlon Eddie - - 2013
Two issues of particular interest in the Irish context are (1) the motivation for broadening engineering education to include the humanities, and an emphasis on social responsibility and (2) the process by which broadening can take place. Greater community engagement, arising from a socially-driven model of engineering education, is necessary ...
Sun Jianguo - - 2013
Interval-censored failure time data occur in many fields including epidemiological and medical studies as well as financial and sociological studies, and many authors have investigated their analysis (Sun, The statistical analysis of interval-censored failure time data, 2006; Zhang, Stat Modeling 9:321-343, 2009). In particular, a number of procedures have been ...
Sabatier Laetitia - - 2013
Fibrillins constitute the backbone of extracellular multi-functional assemblies present in elastic and non-elastic matrices, termed microfibrils. Assembly of fibrillins into microfibrils and their homeostasis is poorly understood and is often compromised in connective tissue disorders such as Marfan syndrome and other fibrillinopathies. Using interaction mapping studies, we demonstrate that fibrillins ...
Yuan Hushan - - 2013
Triphenylphosphonium-fluorochromes (TPP-fluorochromes) are a new class of spectrally variable, mitochondrially targeted probes, with an [(18)F] labeling option which, when enabled, allows imaging of a cardiac perfusion deficit using PET/CT.
Sammon Jesse D - - 2013
Previous studies examining the management of urinary tract infections (UTI) showed marked variability in the economical burden of care, with a tenfold increase in costs when patients require admission to the hospital. We sought to examine the patient and emergency department (ED) characteristics associated with hospitalization in patients presenting to ...
Macvicar Thomas - - 2013
Mitophagy describes the selective targeting and degradation of mitochondria by the autophagy pathway. In this process, defective mitochondria are first purged from the mitochondrial network then delivered to the lysosome by the autophagy machinery. Mitophagy has emerged as a key facet of mitochondrial quality control and has been implicated in ...
Baroudi Olfa - - 2013
In our case-control study, we measure the antioxidant status by dosing enzymes involved in oxidant stress in plasma of patients with colorectal and gastric cancer, and in the second step, we investigate the impact of chemotherapy before and after surgery on plasma antioxidant status and polyphenols in patients. Blood serum ...
Dickinson Oana - - 2013
Heart failure (HF) and atrial fibrillation (AF) are the only two cardiovascular disorders that continue to increase in magnitude in the United States. The purpose of this brief overview is to provide a description of these two cardiovascular epidemics of HF and AF as they interact, and to provide additional ...
Parry Imogen S - - 2013
The spectroscopy and UV photodissociation dynamics of Cu2 and CuO have been studied using a combination of one- and two-colour excitation and velocity map imaging. Resonant excitation of Cu2via the J ← X (1)Σg(+) transition leads to significant fragmentation which is interpreted in terms of a combination of direct dissociation ...
Gu Yun - - 2013
Considerable research has been devoted to unraveling the regulation of neural stem cell (NSC) differentiation. The responses of NSCs to various differentiation-inducing stimuli, however, are still difficult to estimate. In this study, we aimed to search for a potent growth factor that was able to effectively induce differentiation of NSCs ...
Angelopoulos V - - 2013
Earth's magnetotail contains magnetic energy derived from the kinetic energy of the solar wind. Conversion of that energy back to particle energy ultimately powers Earth's auroras, heats the magnetospheric plasma, and energizes the Van Allen radiation belts. Where and how such electromagnetic energy conversion occurs has been unclear. Using a ...
Verbrugge Laura N H - - 2013
Not much is known about lay public perceptions of non-native species and their underlying values. Public awareness and engagement, however, are important aspects in invasive species management. In this study, we examined the relations between the lay public's visions of nature, their knowledge about non-native species, and their perceptions of ...
Romek Katarzyna M - - 2013
Since exclusively breast-suckled infants obtain their nutrient only from their mother's milk, it might be anticipated that a correlation will exist between the (15)N/(14)N isotope ratios of amino acids of protein of young infants and those supplied by their mother. The work presented here aimed to determine whether amino nitrogen ...
Philip Jennifer - - 2013
Referral to supportive and palliative care services for people with high-grade primary malignant glioma (PMG) often occurs late in the illness course, despite significant care needs and overall poor prognosis. This study aimed to understand patient experience at the end of life and document supportive and palliative care needs. A ...
van Blijderveen Jan C - - 2013
Because most population-based studies on the epidemiology of chronic kidney disease (CKD) are cross-sectional, there is, except for end-stage renal disease, hardly any information on incidence rates. We conducted a retrospective cohort study in a dynamic population, using data of 784,563 adult participants retrieved from the Integrated Primary Care Information ...
Drummond F J - - 2013
Ireland had the highest incidence of prostate cancer in Europe in 2008, due to widespread prostate specific antigen (PSA) testing. To investigate practices and costs of PSA testing in Ireland, 2008-2010. Postal laboratory questionnaire. Results were compared with 2006 and 2007 surveys. Response rate was 95 % (42/44). In 2010, 37 ...
Mair Johannes - - 2013
The clinical significance and economic impact of coronary artery disease has triggered major research efforts into the discovery of novel biomarkers for risk stratification in primary and secondary prevention and then the development of assays suitable for routine measurement. Nevertheless, the clinical impact of these novel biomarkers for risk stratification ...
Pop I - - 2013
In the past, the interaction between dentoalveolar surgery and restorative dentistry has been limited to the removal of teeth with pulp and/or periradicular disease or those that were unrestorable. However, with the increasing dental awareness of the population and the retention of teeth into later life, the interaction between dentoalveolar ...
Dawson Thomas H - - 2013
Objective of this work was to extend pharmacokinetic scaling theory of the writer for bolus dosing to include the case of constant-rate i.v. dosing over fixed interval so as to allow projection of adult dose and schedule of typically administered anticancer agents to children. The basis for the scaling is ...
Hansen Christopher S - - 2013
The ultraviolet photodissociation of gas-phase N-methylpyridinium ions is studied at room temperature using laser photodissociation mass spectrometry and structurally diagnostic ion-molecule reaction kinetics. The C5H5N-CH3+ (m/z 94), C5H5N-CD3+ (m/z 97), and C5D5N-CH3+(m/z 99) isotopologues are investigated and it is shown that the N-methylpyridinium ion photodissociates by the loss of methane ...
Schlaepfer Thomas E - - 2013
Research of Deep Brain Stimulation as a putative treatment for resistant psychiatric disorders might very well lead to the most significant development in clinical psychiatry of the last 40 years-possibly offering a rise of hope for patients to whom medicine had hitherto little to offer. Furthermore, translational research on neuromodulation will ...
Wang Lingxia - - 2013
Kandelia candel is being established as a model xylophyte for ecoadaptation due to its salt-tolerance. In order to adapt to high salinity, the photosynthesis apparatus must function efficiently under these conditions. Proteomic analysis of chloroplasts isolated from plants under different degrees of salt stress was performed to quantify the changes ...
Dunkman Andrew A - - 2013
Defining the constituent regulatory molecules in tendon is critical to understanding the process of tendon repair and instructive to the development of novel treatment modalities. The purpose of this study is to define the structural, expressional, and mechanical changes in the tendon injury response, and elucidate the roles of two ...
De Kalyan - - 2013
This study assessed the effect of micronutrient supplementation around peripartum period on immune function, reproductive performance, milk yield and milk quality of crossbred cows. Thirty pregnant crossbred cows in their late gestation were selected and randomly divided into five groups for study. Six cows in each group were supplemented with ...
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