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Bish D L - - 2013
The Mars Science Laboratory rover Curiosity scooped samples of soil from the Rocknest aeolian bedform in Gale crater. Analysis of the soil with the Chemistry and Mineralogy (CheMin) x-ray diffraction (XRD) instrument revealed plagioclase (~An57), forsteritic olivine (~Fo62), augite, and pigeonite, with minor K-feldspar, magnetite, quartz, anhydrite, hematite, and ilmenite. ...
Orcutt Beth N - - 2013
Oceanic crust is the largest potential habitat for life on Earth and may contain a significant fraction of Earth's total microbial biomass; yet, empirical analysis of reaction rates in basaltic crust is lacking. Here we report the first assessment of oxygen consumption in young (~8 Ma) and cool (<25 °C) basaltic crust, ...
Blancon Jean-Christophe - - 2013
The optical properties of single-wall carbon nanotubes are very promising for developing novel opto-electronic components and sensors with applications in many fields. Despite numerous studies performed using photoluminescence or Raman and Rayleigh scattering, knowledge of their optical response is still partial. Here we determine using spatial modulation spectroscopy, over a ...
Thakurela Sudhir - - 2013
Topoisomerases resolve torsional stress, while their function in gene regulation, especially during cellular differentiation, remains unknown. Here we find that the expression of topo II isoforms, topoisomerase IIα and topoisomerase IIβ, is the characteristic of dividing and postmitotic tissues, respectively. In embryonic stem cells, topoisomerase IIα preferentially occupies active gene ...
Gopakumar A - - 2013
Bridges are commonly used to replace missing teeth. Periodontal health may, however, be compromised by ill-fitting margins and excess cement. This case report describes the conservative management of chronic gingival inflammation adjacent to the resin-bonded retainers of an anterior bridge by gingival remodelling via a removable prosthesis. This avoided the ...
Kerr Bryan - - 2013
Introduction Evidence shows that some individuals with HIV or diabetes do not report their medical history to the dentist. Disclosure is important because these individuals can be at greater risk of oral disease.Aims and objectives The aim of this study is to provide greater understanding of why some individuals do ...
Sperber G H - - 2013
A review of recent insights into palaeodiets provided by new dating techniques, spectroscopy and attritional wear of enamel in ancient and recent human fossils. Fossilised dental plaque reveals changing dietary content and varying oral microbiota between Neolithic and Industrial era populations. DNA analysis of ancient dental pulpal tissue provides evidence ...
Burke F J T - - 2013
Objective To evaluate reinforced glass-ionomer restorations which had been placed in a general dental practice more than five years previously.Method Patients who were identified as having received reinforced one or more reinforced glass-ionomer restorations were invited to attend for an examination of their restorations using scientific evaluation criteria, by one ...
Roberts Rebecca - - 2013
Autophagy is a conserved survival pathway, which cells and tissues will activate during times of stress. It is characterized by the formation of double-membrane vesicles called autophagosomes inside the cytoplasm. The molecular mechanisms and the signalling components involved require specific control to ensure correct activation. The present chapter describes the ...
Tooze Sharon A - - 2013
Autophagy was discovered in the late 1950s when scientists using the first electron microscopes saw membrane-bound structures in cells that contained cytoplasmic organelles, including mitochondria. Pursuant to further morphological characterization it was recognized that these vesicles, now called autophagosomes, are found in all eukaryotic cells and undergo changes in morphology ...
Nakatogawa Hitoshi - - 2013
In autophagy, the autophagosome, a transient organelle specialized for the sequestration and lysosomal or vacuolar transport of cellular constituents, is formed via unique membrane dynamics. This process requires concerted actions of a distinctive set of proteins named Atg (autophagy-related). Atg proteins include two ubiquitin-like proteins, Atg12 and Atg8 [LC3 (light-chain ...
Ganley Ian G - - 2013
Compartmentalization is essential in the eukaryotic cell and this is most often achieved by sequestering specific components that perform a related function in a membrane-bound organelle. To function normally these organelles must transiently fuse with other compartments in order to transfer protein and lipid that is needed for them to ...
Franco Pierfrancesco - - 2013
In order to evaluate the perceived quality of training and education among young Italian radiation oncologists (age <40), AIRO Giovani (Italian Association of Radiation Oncology-Young Members Working Group) carried out a nationwide online survey in 2011, employing a 63-item-based questionnaire, addressed to physician's self-perception of personal training experience (during decade ...
Angelopoulos V - - 2013
Earth's magnetotail contains magnetic energy derived from the kinetic energy of the solar wind. Conversion of that energy back to particle energy ultimately powers Earth's auroras, heats the magnetospheric plasma, and energizes the Van Allen radiation belts. Where and how such electromagnetic energy conversion occurs has been unclear. Using a ...
Omori Toshihiro - - 2013
In polycrystalline materials, grain growth occurs at elevated temperatures to reduce the total area of grain boundaries with high energy. The grain growth rate usually slows down with annealing time, making it hard to obtain grains larger than a millimeter in size. We report a crystal growth method that employs ...
Lukatskaya Maria R - - 2013
The intercalation of ions into layered compounds has long been exploited in energy storage devices such as batteries and electrochemical capacitors. However, few host materials are known for ions much larger than lithium. We demonstrate the spontaneous intercalation of cations from aqueous salt solutions between two-dimensional (2D) Ti3C2 MXene layers. ...
Lai Alan - - 2013
Shape memory materials are a class of smart materials able to convert heat into mechanical strain (or strain into heat) by virtue of a martensitic phase transformation. Some brittle materials such as intermetallics and ceramics exhibit a martensitic transformation but fail by cracking at low strains and after only a ...
Bocklisch Christina - - 2013
Drug-evoked synaptic plasticity in the mesolimbic system reshapes circuit function and drives drug-adaptive behavior. Much research has focused on excitatory transmission in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) and the nucleus accumbens (NAc). How drug-evoked synaptic plasticity of inhibitory transmission affects circuit adaptations remains unknown. We found that medium spiny neurons ...
Leshin L A - - 2013
Samples from the Rocknest aeolian deposit were heated to ~835°C under helium flow and evolved gases analyzed by Curiosity's Sample Analysis at Mars instrument suite. H2O, SO2, CO2, and O2 were the major gases released. Water abundance (1.5 to 3 weight percent) and release temperature suggest that H2O is bound ...
Blake D F - - 2013
The Rocknest aeolian deposit is similar to aeolian features analyzed by the Mars Exploration Rovers (MERs) Spirit and Opportunity. The fraction of sand <150 micrometers in size contains ~55% crystalline material consistent with a basaltic heritage and ~45% x-ray amorphous material. The amorphous component of Rocknest is iron-rich and silicon-poor ...
Miljkovic Nenad - - 2013
With the broad interest in and development of superhydrophobic surfaces for self-cleaning, condensation heat transfer enhancement and anti-icing applications, more detailed insights on droplet interactions on these surfaces have emerged. Specifically, when two droplets coalesce, they can spontaneously jump away from a superhydrophobic surface due to the release of excess ...
Fragoso A S - - 2013
It is of current interest the identification of appropriate matrices for growing mesenchymal stem cells (MSC). These cells are able not only to regenerate themselves but also to differentiate into other type of functional cells, and so they have been extensively used in tissue engineering. In this work, we have ...
Patties I - - 2013
Combined action of irradiation (IR), shear stress, and high blood pressure is well recognized to induce damage to vasculature, while data on pathological effects of IR in large peripheral vessels with low blood pressure are scarce. The purpose of the present study was hence to investigate time- and dose-dependent effects ...
Gourtsoyianni S - - 2013
Anal cancer is an uncommon malignancy of the gastrointestinal tract but has a relatively good prognosis with an 80% 5-year overall survival. In this article, we review the role of MRI for assessing treatment response in anal cancer after completion of definitive chemoradiotherapy. New generation MRI scanners with optimal-phased array ...
Roza Thomas - - 2013
Bone metastases are very common in advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and can have a huge impact on quality of life by leading to skeletal-related events (SREs), including pain, pathologic fractures and spinal cord compression with need for surgery or radiotherapy. Because of their osteolytic aspect and biologic behaviour, these ...
Fang Xin-Yu - - 2013
E2F1 is a transcriptional activator, which binds to DNA, and regulates the expression of genes involved in the cell cycle progression. Many elegant studies have revealed that E2F1 plays a crucial role in regulating the apoptosis process of DC and T cells. In addition, the pathogenesis of SLE involves marked ...
Kemppainen N M - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the longitudinal changes in [(11)C]PIB uptake in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) over a long-term follow-up. Six AD patients, ten MCI patients and eight healthy subjects underwent a [(11)C]PIB PET scan at baseline and at 2 and 5 years. The ...
Kroiss Alexander - - 2013
(18)F-Fluoro-L-dihydroxyphenylalanine ((18)F-DOPA) PET offers high sensitivity and specificity in the imaging of nonmetastatic extra-adrenal paragangliomas (PGL) but lower sensitivity in metastatic or multifocal disease. These tumours are of neuroendocrine origin and can be detected by (68)Ga-DOTA-Tyr(3)-octreotide ((68)Ga-DOTA-TOC) PET. Therefore, we compared (68)Ga-DOTA-TOC and (18)F-DOPA as radiolabels for PET/CT imaging for ...
Kawashiri Shin-Ya - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of bosentan on plasma endothelin-1 (ET-1) and nitric oxide (NO) as pulmonary hypertension (PH)-associated biochemical markers in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). Twenty-four SSc patients receiving bosentan for 24 weeks were registered in this prospective observational study. Ten patients were complicated ...
Lee Dae-Hee - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism underlying the development of gap differences in total knee arthroplasty using the navigation-assisted gap technique and to assess whether these gap differences have statistical significance. Ninety-two patients (105 knees) implanted with cruciate-retaining prostheses using the navigation-assisted gap balancing technique were ...
Langenkamp Elise - - 2013
Many studies on the molecular control underlying normal cell behavior and cellular responses to disease stimuli and pharmacological intervention are conducted in single-cell culture systems, while the read-out of cellular engagement in disease and responsiveness to drugs in vivo is often based on overall tissue responses. As the majority of ...
Leon Leticia - - 2013
Negative affect appears frequently in rheumatic diseases, but studies about their importance and prevalence in systemic sclerosis patients are scarce, and the results are inconclusive separately. We conducted a comprehensive search on April 2013 of PubMed, Medline, and PsycINFO databases to identify original research studies published. A total of 48 ...
Ueno Yuji - - 2013
Large atheromatous aortic plaques (AAPs) are associated with stroke recurrence. Rosuvastatin is a potent lipid-lowering agent and suppresses carotid and coronary artery atherosclerosis. It is unclear whether rosuvastatin has anti-atherogenic effects against AAPs in stroke patients. We designed a clinical trial in stroke patients to analyze changes in AAPs after ...
McGuire Jessica L - - 2013
The gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus), one of five tortoise species endemic in the USA, was recently classified as a candidate for federal listing as a threatened species. Fecal samples collected from 117 tortoises from eight sites in Georgia were examined for endoparasites using a combination of sedimentation and flotation. Samples ...
Cao Shao-Wen - - 2013
We report an economic and noble-metal-free artificial photosynthetic system, consisting of g-C3N4 as a photosensitizer and a photocatalyst, and cobaloxime as a co-catalyst, for H2 generation. This system allows for effective electron transfer from excited g-C3N4 to Co(III)(dmgH)2pyCl to generate reduced cobaloxime intermediate species for efficient H2 evolution. Transient fluorescence ...
Schwab Sibylle G - - 2013
The influence of genetic factors in the development of schizophrenia has been convincingly demonstrated by family, twin, and adoption studies. The statistical construct of heritability is generally used for estimating the liability due to genetic factors. Heritability estimates for schizophrenia are reported to be between 60 and 80 %. Due to ...
Mukherjee Shubhabrata - - 2013
Resilience in executive functioning (EF) is characterized by high EF measured by neuropsychological test performance despite structural brain damage from neurodegenerative conditions. We previously reported single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genome-wide association study (GWAS) results for EF resilience. Here, we report gene- and pathway-based analyses of the same resilience phenotype, using ...
Jing Xiaoyan - - 2013
An optimal medium for exopolysaccharides (EPS) production was obtained through one-factor-at-a-time method and response surface methodology. Under optimal culture medium, the maximum EPS concentration in shake flask was 5.16 g/l. Two groups of EPSs (designated as Fr-I and Fr-II) were obtained from the culture filtrates by size exclusion chromatography/multiangle laser light ...
Bodilis P - - 2013
Engaging non-scientists to survey ecosystems, a process known as citizen science has been adopted worldwide. For the first time, this was applied to monitor fish assemblages in the Kas Peninsula, Turkey, an area known for its important Lessepsian fish populations. For 3 years (2004, 2007 and 2010), fish assemblages were surveyed ...
Verbrugge Laura N H - - 2013
Not much is known about lay public perceptions of non-native species and their underlying values. Public awareness and engagement, however, are important aspects in invasive species management. In this study, we examined the relations between the lay public's visions of nature, their knowledge about non-native species, and their perceptions of ...
Misra Saumya - - 2013
Abstract Intravesical bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is used to treat high-risk superficial bladder cancer. This article reports a case of secondary haemophagocytosis after intravesical BCG instillation in a 70-year-old man with bladder cancer and presents a literature review of this very rare but potentially fatal complication of intravesical BCG treatment.
Huzarski T - - 2013
To identify characteristic features of breast cancers associated with an NBS1 mutation. To estimate and to compare 10-year survival rates for patients with early-onset breast cancer, with and without an NBS1 mutation. 4,566 women with stage I to stage III breast cancer, diagnosed at or below age 50, were tested ...
Clow David W - - 2013
During 2010-2011, a study was conducted in Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks (SEKI) to evaluate the influence of pack animals (stock) and backpackers on water quality in wilderness lakes and streams. The study had three main components: (1) a synoptic survey of water quality in wilderness areas of the ...
Olivares-Morales Andrés - - 2013
To develop and evaluate a tool for the qualitative prediction of human oral bioavailability (Fhuman) from animal oral bioavailability (Fanimal) data employing ROC analysis and to identify the optimal thresholds for such predictions. A dataset of 184 compounds with known Fhuman and Fanimal in at least one species (mouse, rat, ...
Viñas Pilar - - 2013
An extensive critical evaluation of the application of dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (DLLME) combined with chromatographic and atomic-spectroscopic methods for the determination of organic and inorganic compounds is presented. The review emphasizes the procedures used for the prior treatment of food samples, which are very different from the DLLME procedures generally ...
Cargnoni Fausto - - 2013
The structure and energetics of exciplexes M*((2)L)Hen (M = Cu, Ag and Au; L = P and D) in their vibrational ground state are studied by employing diffusion Monte Carlo (DMC). Interaction potentials between the excited coinage metals and He atoms are built using the Diatomics-in-Molecule (DIM) approach and ab ...
Epperla Narendranath - - 2013
A case of Waldenström's macroglobulinemia with radiographic features of fibrogenesis imperfecta ossium is presented. The case raises the possibility that these radiographic findings might be more common in Waldenström's macroglobulinemia than previously appreciated, and illustrates the need for bone biopsy to establish a definitive diagnosis of fibrogenesis imperfecta ossium.
Tsang Wai Kan - - 2013
Trichorhinophalangeal syndrome (TRP) is a group of rare genetic disorders with characteristic clinical and radiological features. In this case report we discuss the evolution of imaging features in hands in a Chinese boy diagnosed with TRP II (Langer-Giedion syndrome, LGS). This article ramifies the diagnostic value of serial hand radiograph ...
Pertl Maria M - - 2013
Objective: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is a potentially chronic condition that is inadequately discussed, diagnosed and treated. This study examined the factors that contribute to the absence of a discourse of CRF. Method: A thematic discourse analysis was carried out on the 'additional comments' left by 73 fatigued cancer patients and ...
Norus Thomas - - 2013
Abstract Objective. The aim of this study was to report the outcomes of urinary diversion for bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC) at a large university hospital over a period of more than 10 years. Material and methods. Chart reviews were performed for BPS/IC patients who had undergone ileal conduit with ...
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