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Results 401 - 450 of 2724
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E Changyong - - 2013
Combined hepatocellular carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma (cHCC-CC) is a rare form of primary liver cancer (PLC). It is difficult to make a correct preoperative diagnosis of cHCC-CC because of the lack of special features of the disease. We here present a case of a 68-year-old man who presented with fluctuant fever, ...
Rueda Eva Carolina - - 2013
Prochilodus lineatus is a highly migratory fish species that sustains the most important commercial fishery of Paraná-Paraguay basin. Migratory patterns are poorly known and only few population genetic studies are available for this species in the Upper Paraná. To assess genetic population structure, we genotyped a sample of 93 individuals ...
Mello A S - - 2013
Following the degradative pathway, vesicles loaded with extracellular material, eventually, dock and fuse with lysosomes, acquiring specific membrane markers of these organelles and acid hydrolases responsible for digest their content. The lysosomal-associated membrane protein 2 (LAMP-2), the best characterized lysosomal membrane protein, is found in late stages of endosome maturation ...
Abreu Mónica T - - 2013
The function of B cells in the immune response against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) is still regarded as secondary, although major findings in mouse models of tuberculosis (TB) support their participation as regulators and antibody producers. However, studies in cohorts of TB or multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) patients have failed to clearly ...
Fu Yingjv - - 2013
The relationship between the vitamin D receptor (VDR) polymorphisms and the susceptibility to lung cancer remains unclear. The present meta-analysis was performed to estimate the polymorphisms of VDR and lung cancer risk. The pooled odds ratios (ORs) and corresponding 95 % confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. Subgroup analysis by smoking status ...
Liu Biwu - - 2013
Many homogeneous assays are complicated by the adsorption of probe molecules by the surface of reaction vessels, which are often made of polypropylene or polystyrene-based plastics. To solve this problem, many protein and surfactant-based blocking agents are used. However, these blockers may interfere with intended assays by sequestering transition metal ...
Parui S - - 2013
Hot electron transport of direct and scattered carriers across an epitaxial NiSi2/n-Si(111) interface, for different NiSi2 thickness, is studied using ballistic electron emission microscopy (BEEM). We find the BEEM transmission for the scattered hot electrons in NiSi2 to be significantly lower than that for the direct hot electrons, for all ...
Sun Yunjun - - 2013
Three structural domains of mosquitocidal Cry11Aa and Cry11Ba from Bacillus thuringiensis were exchanged to produce interdomain chimeras [BAA (11Ba/11Aa/11Aa), ABA (11Aa/11Ba/11Aa), AAB (11Aa/11Aa/11Ba), ABB (11Aa/11Ba/11Ba), BAB (11Ba/11Aa/11Ba), BBA (11Ba/11Ba/11Aa]. Chimeras BAB, BAA, BBA, and AAB formed inclusion bodies in the crystal-negative B. thuringiensis host and produced expected protein bands on ...
Manara Renzo - - 2013
Although cerebrovascular mortality is increased up to eightfold in acromegaly, intracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) changes have not been well investigated. This is a magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) quantitative cross-sectional study of ICA tortuosity, ectasia and intercarotid distance in acromegalic patients with subsequent analysis of concomitant clinical, laboratory and neuroimaging ...
de Souza Valentim Francisco Carlos - - 2013
Potamotrygonidae is a representative family of South American freshwater elasmobranchs. Cytogenetic studies were performed in a Potamotrygon species from the middle Negro River, Amazonas, Brazil, here named as Potamotrygon sp. C. Mitotic and meiotic chromosomes were analyzed using conventional staining techniques, C-banding, and detection of the nucleolus organizing regions (NOR) ...
Hosokawa Masato - - 2013
Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate whether an increased level of TAR DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43) in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) could be a biomarker for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and facilitate differential diagnosis of ALS from peripheral motor neuropathy. TDP-43 is the major constituent of neuronal ...
Hwang Jawl-Shan - - 2013
Osteoporosis is recognized as a major public health problem worldwide and in Taiwan. However, many patients with osteoporotic fractures do not receive appropriate assessments or treatments. This guideline, proposed by the Taiwanese Osteoporosis Association, is to serve as a quick reference for healthcare providers to improve the assessment of osteoporosis ...
Glasper Alan - - 2013
Professor Alan Glasper discusses the implications of the independent review into healthcare assistants (HCAs) and support workers in the NHS and social care settings undertaken by Camilla Cavendish, associate editor of The Times newspaper.
Huang Kang - - 2013
For the first time, a ZIF-8 membrane was grown on the inner surface of a ceramic hollow fiber via cycling precursors. The inner-side hollow fiber ZIF-8 membrane exhibits good performance for recovering hydrogen.
Park Eun-Jung - - 2013
Iron oxide nanoparticles (FeNPs) are known to be one of the most biocompatible and safe nanoparticles. However, their long-term persistence remains a problem, and macrophages play as an important mediator in continuous stimulation of the immune system due to biopersistence of nanoparticles. In the present study, we identified the mechanisms ...
Jiang Xingliang - - 2013
To analyze the levels of oxidized low density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) and inflammatory cytokines in the plasma of gout patients. The levels of ox-LDL, hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin-1β, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were measured in the plasma of 41 gout patients [28 in acute phase episode, 13 ...
Palanisamy Senthilkumar - - 2013
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) production is the first level of response by a host during stress. Even though the ROS are toxic to cell, when present in a limited amount, they act as a signalling molecule for the expression of defence-related genes and later are scavenged by either enzymatic or ...
Valsamis Bridget - - 2013
Prepulse inhibition (PPI) of acoustic startle is an operational measure of sensorimotor gating, which is disrupted in schizophrenia. NMDA receptor (NMDAR) antagonist induced PPI disruption has become an important pharmacological model for schizophrenia; however, knowledge of the underlying mechanism remains incomplete. This study examines the role of NMDAR in the ...
Padjen Visnja - - 2013
The question of whether i.v. rt-PA is beneficial in patients with ischaemic stroke and atrial fibrillation (AF) remains unresolved. Our objective was to evaluate the outcome of patients with AF who received i.v. rt-PA for stroke in the registries of Lille (France) and Belgrade (Serbia). End-points were poor outcome [modified ...
Lu Xiao-Ming - - 2013
Pyrosequencing-based analysis was used to characterize and compare bacterial communities in manure samples of piglets (GSPM) and adult pigs (GBPM) bred with green feeds without additives, and piglets (ASPM) and adult pigs (ABPM) bred with synthetic feeds containing additives. For each sample, 5,010 effective sequences were selected and utilized to ...
Smithers Lisa G - - 2013
To examine whether items comprising a preschool well-child check for use by family doctors in Australia with 4-5-year old children predicts health and academic outcomes at 6-7 years. The well-child check includes mandatory (anthropometry, eye/vision, ear/hearing, dental, toileting, allergy problems) and non-mandatory (processed food consumption, low physical activity, motor, behaviour/mood problems) ...
Niesor Eric J - - 2013
Fenofibrate and extended-release (ER) niacin similarly raise high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) concentration but their effects on levels of potent plasma antioxidant xanthophylls (lutein and zeaxanthin) and phytosterols obtained from dietary sources, and any relationship with plasma lipoproteins and pre-β1-HDL levels, have not been investigated. We studied these parameters in 66 ...
Bhutta Mahmood F - - 2013
Chronic otitis media (OM) is common in Down syndrome (DS), but underlying aetiology is unclear. We analysed the entire available mouse resource of partial trisomy models of DS looking for histological evidence of chronic middle-ear inflammation. We found a highly penetrant OM in the Dp(16)1Yey mouse, which carries a complete ...
Hanlon Shane M - - 2013
This study evaluated the impacts of Roundup(®) on tadpole mouthpart damage as a mechanism for reduced growth and developmental rates in Lithobates sphenocephalus (Southern leopard frog) tadpoles. We did not find evidence that Roundup(®) damages larval mouthparts, nor was there a significant relationship between mouthpart damage and either body condition ...
Rai Archana N - - 2013
The P5CS ({Delta} 1-Pyrroline-5-Carboxylate Synthetase) gene encodes for a bifunctional enzyme that catalyzes the rate limiting reaction in proline biosynthesis in living organisms. A wide range of multifunctional roles of proline have now been shown in stress defense. The proline biosynthetic genes, especially, P5CS is commonly used in metabolic engineering ...
Riley Kevin E - - 2013
In this work we highlight recent work aimed at the characterization of halogen bonds. Here we discuss the origins of the σ-hole, the modulation of halogen bond strength by changing of neighboring chemical groups (i.e. halogen bond tuning), the performance of various computational methods in treating halogen bonds, and the ...
Timmermans Silke - - 2013
Epidemiological studies suggest a positive correlation between the incidence and severity of multiple sclerosis (MS) and the intake of fatty acids. It remains to be clarified whether high fat diet (HFD) indeed can exacerbate the disease pathology associated with MS and what the underlying mechanisms are. In this study, we ...
Zahran Asmaa M - - 2013
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a clonal disease, characterized by a reciprocal t(9, 22) that results in a chimeric BCR/ABL fusion gene. Regulatory T cells (Tregs) constitute the main cell population that enables cancer cells to evade immune surveillance. The purpose of our study was to investigate the level of ...
Huo Wenjie - - 2013
This study was aimed to investigate the impact of subacute ruminal acidosis (SARA) on the diversity of liquid (LAB) and solid-associated bacteria (SAB) following high-grain feeding. Six ruminally cannulated goats were divided into two groups: one group was fed a hay diet (COD), and the other group was fed a ...
Akram Muhammad - - 2013
The citric acid cycle is the final common oxidative pathway for carbohydrates, fats and amino acids. It is the most important metabolic pathway for the energy supply to the body. TCA is the most important central pathway connecting almost all the individual metabolic pathways. In this review article, introduction, regulation ...
Jiang Ling - - 2013
Ten lipases and esterases have been examined to catalyse the reaction between p-nitrobenzaldehyde and methyl vinyl ketone, the Baylis-Hillman reaction, to form 3-[hydroxyl-(4-nitrophenyl)-methyl]-but-3-en-2-one. Among these enzymes, Escherichia coli BioH esterase had the best activity. Optimal conditions for this reaction were: 0.1 mmol aldehyde, 0.1 mmol activated alkene, 30 mg E. coli BioH, 1 ml ...
Prevoo Mariëlle J L - - 2013
ABSTRACT When bilingual children enter formal reading education, host language proficiency becomes increasingly important. This study investigated the relation between socioeconomic status (SES), maternal language use, reading input, and vocabulary in a sample of 111 six-year-old children of first- and second-generation Turkish immigrant parents in the Netherlands. Mothers reported on ...
Tabaczar Sabina - - 2013
The development of side-effects during doxorubicin-docetaxel (DOX-DTX) chemotherapy is considered as related to generation of oxidative stress by DOX. The addition of docetaxel potentiates this effect. Thus, antioxidants are assumed as a promising remedy for neutralizing deteriorating effects of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in pathological conditions and polyphenolic antioxidants are ...
Shamna R B - - 2013
Myocarditis, a masquerader of common illnesses, presents with non-specific symptoms which are often missed by clinicians. The diagnosis is made based on clinical presentation and echocardiography findings and requires a high degree of clinical suspicion. The authors report seven children with myocarditis with review of spectrum of clinical presentation and ...
Yoshikawa Rokusuke - - 2013
Retroviruses are classified as exogenous and endogenous retroviruses according to the mode of transmission. Endogenous retroviruses (ERVs) are retroviruses which have been integrated into germ-line cells and inherited from parents to offspring. Most ERVs are inactivated by deletions and mutations; however, certain ERVs maintain their infectivity and infect the same ...
Cheng Cheng - - 2013
Temperature fluctuation is a key determinant for microbial invasion and host evasion. In contrast to mammals that maintain constant body temperature, plant temperature oscillates on a daily basis. It remains elusive how plants operate inducible defenses in response to temperature fluctuation. Here we report that ambient temperature changes lead to ...
Peter J V - - 2013
Introduction. Clinical scoring systems are used to predict mortality rate in hospitalized patients. Their utility in organophosphate (OP) poisoning has not been well studied. Methods. In this retrospective study of 396 patients, we evaluated the performance of the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score, the Simplified Acute ...
Lau Y Z - - 2013
A 23 year-old man presented with abdominal pain after suffering blunt trauma caused by a seatbelt injury. His low platelet count of 137 × 109/L was initially attributed to trauma and underlying hypersplenism due to glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency. Despite conservative management, his platelet count remained persistently reduced even after ...
Liang Shuxuan - - 2013
This work aimed to assess the degree of anthropogenic influence and severity of heavy metal from a non-ferrous metal smelting industrial zone. The results suggested that anthropogenic inputs played a dominant role in the enrichment of Cu, Zn, Pb, Sb and Cd. These metals showed similar spatial distribution patterns. Multivariate ...
Smith Jemma - - 2013
This study examined the efficacy of video self modeling (VSM) using feedforward, to teach various goals of a picture exchange communication system (PECS). The participants were two boys with autism and one man with Down syndrome. All three participants were non-verbal with no current functional system of communication; the two ...
Jeong Seong Hoon - - 2013
Circadian rhythm disturbance is highly prevalent in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Recently, the association between the CLOCK gene and ADHD has been demonstrated in clinical samples, and the CLOCK gene's role was thought to be mediated by rhythm dysregulation. Meanwhile, ADHD has been suggested as the extreme end of ...
László K D - - 2013
Maternal stress during pregnancy is associated with a modestly increased risk of fetal growth restriction and pre-eclampsia. Since placental abruption shares similar pathophysiological mechanisms and risk factors with fetal growth restriction and pre-eclampsia, we hypothesized that maternal stress may be implicated in abruption risk. We investigated the association between maternal ...
Kryzhevoi Nikolai V - - 2013
Interatomic Coulombic decay (ICD) represents an efficient electronic relaxation mechanism of an ionized or an excited system embedded in an environment. The type of this environment and its size have a great impact on the ICD performance. It is stressed that ICD is sensitive to the arrangement of neighboring atoms ...
Fuentes José A - - 2013
Ir complexes of chiral phosphine-diamine ligands catalyse the hydrogenation and transfer hydrogenation of aryl-piperidin-4-yl methanones, and ketones bearing both an aryl group and secondary alkyl substituent with up to 98% e.e., and with substrate to catalyst ratios of up to 4000.
Fras Pauline - - 2013
Some lactic acid bacteria produce volatile phenols in culture medium but this activity has not been extensively studied in wine conditions. Red and white wines were mixed with MRS medium at different ratios to study the influence of wine on the metabolism of p-coumaric and ferulic acids by Lactobacillus plantarum. ...
Gvozdenović Emilia - - 2013
The objectives of this study were to compare the patient's (PtGDA) and physician's (PhGDA) assessment of global disease activity and to identify factors that might influence these differences as well as factors that may influence the patient's and the physician's scores separately. Anonymous data were used from 2,117 Dutch patients ...
Gullón Sonia - - 2013
Bacterial lipoproteins are a specialised class of membrane proteins that represent a small percentage of the proteome of Gram-positive bacteria, yet these lipoproteins have been reported to play important roles in nutrient scavenging, cell envelope assembly, protein folding, environmental signalling, host cell adhesion and virulence. Upon translocation of lipoproteins, the ...
Gupta D K - - 2013
Plantlets of Pfaffia glomerata (Spreng.) were exposed for 28 days to three different metal/metalloid (Hg, Pb and As) with different levels (Hg 1; As 25, 50, 100 and Pb 100 and 400 μM) to analyze the possible phytochelatin initiation and affects on growth and photosynthetic pigments vis-à-vis metal accumulation potential of plants. ...
Sakamoto Seiji - - 2013
A genetically encodable caspase-3 sensing system has been created using self-assembling split-GFP, in which a C-terminal fragment is "covalently" cyclized via a caspase-3 substrate sequence mediated by split-intein. The specific cleavage of the cyclic C-terminal fragment by caspase-3 induces the GFP reassembly and fluorescence recovery.
Rooth Carolyn - - 2013
Ovarian cancer is the fifth most common cancer affecting women in the UK today, with associated statistics illustrating a steadily increasing rate, particularly in women aged 65 and over (Cancer Research UK, 2013). There are no recognised preventative measures and no effective screening tool. Although evidence suggests that the majority ...
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