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Results 351 - 400 of 2724
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Miyabe-Nishiwaki Takako - - 2013
An intracranial arachnoid cyst was detected in a 32-year-old, 44.6-kg, female chimpanzee at the Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) were performed and the cognitive studies in which she participated were reviewed. MRI revealed that the cyst was present in the chimpanzee's right ...
Morris Gerwyn - - 2013
The World Health Organization classifies myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/cfs) as a nervous system disease. Together with other diseases under the G93 heading, ME/cfs shares a triad of abnormalities involving elevated oxidative and nitrosative stress (O&NS), activation of immuno-inflammatory pathways, and mitochondrial dysfunctions with depleted levels of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) ...
Lorenzl Stefan - - 2013
Continuous subcutaneous drug delivery is of utmost importance in palliative care (Hanks et al, 2004; Graham and Clark, 2005).
Magalhães Manuel - - 2013
Objectives: This publication aims to report the cases of four children with pseudoaneurysm of the mitral-aortic intervalvular fibrosa and carry out a review of the literature. Background: Pseudoaneurysm of the mitral-aortic intervalvular fibrosa is a very rare anomaly in children. It can be either congenital or acquired, namely, after bacterial ...
Sugawara Saiko - - 2013
Fibroblast growth factor 4 (FGF4) is considered as a crucial gene for tumorigenesis in humans and the development of mammalian embryos. The secreted, mature form of human FGF4 is thought to be comprised of 175 amino acid residues (proline(32) to leucine(206), Pro(32)-Leu(206)). Here, we found that bacterially expressed, 6× histidine ...
Parvizi Javad - - 2013
It is not clear whether type of surgical approach affects the amount of blood loss in one-stage bilateral total hip arthroplasty (THA). This study therefore aims to examine if type of surgical approach can affect peri-operative blood loss and allogeneic blood transfusion in patients undergoing one-stage bilateral THA. Records of ...
Zhao Xiao Ran - - 2013
Calculation predicted the interacting forms of halopentafluorobenzene C6F5X (X=F, Cl, Br, I) with triethylphosphine oxide which is biologically interested and easily detected by (31)P NMR. The interaction energy and geometric parameters of resultant halogen or π-hole bonding complexes were estimated and compared. Moreover, the bonding constants were determined by (31)P ...
Tapavicza Enrico - - 2013
Adiabatic nuclear potential energy surfaces (PESs) defined via the Born-Oppenheimer (BO) approximation are a fundamental concept underlying chemical reactivity theory. For a wide range of excited-state phenomena such as radiationless decay, energy and charge transfer, and photochemical reactions, the BO approximation breaks down due to strong couplings between two or ...
Shulaker Max M - - 2013
The miniaturization of electronic devices has been the principal driving force behind the semiconductor industry, and has brought about major improvements in computational power and energy efficiency. Although advances with silicon-based electronics continue to be made, alternative technologies are being explored. Digital circuits based on transistors fabricated from carbon nanotubes ...
Araki Motoharu - - 2013
To evaluate the 2-year results obtained with self-expandable stent for chronic total occlusion (CTO) of the iliac artery, a retrospective study was performed of patients who underwent endovascular therapy (EVT) for chronic iliac artery CTO who presented from April 2007 to September 2012. 82 patients with 86 occluded iliac arteries ...
Hsieh Chen-Hsi - - 2013
5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and cisplatin (CDDP) are used to enhance radiotherapy (RT) effect for head and neck (HN) cancers. However, the effect of local RT on systemic chemotherapeutics remains unclear. Here, we evaluated the influence of HN irradiation on the pharmacokinetics (PK) of 5-FU and CDDP in rats as experimental model. ...
Persu A - - 2013
We did a subject-level meta-analysis of the changes (Δ) in blood pressure (BP) observed 3 and 6 months after renal denervation (RDN) at 10 European centers. Recruited patients (n=109; 46.8% women; mean age 58.2 years) had essential hypertension confirmed by ambulatory BP. From baseline to 6 months, treatment score declined ...
Lee Ramon - - 2013
Suboptimal HIV/STI testing uptake has a profound impact on morbidity and mortality. Incentives have been effective in other areas of medicine and may improve HIV/STI testing uptake rates. This study reviewed the effects of incentives on HIV/STI testing uptake. A systematic search of seven databases was undertaken. Testing uptake was ...
Lenk Kathleen M - - 2013
Alcohol sales to intoxicated patrons are illegal and may lead to public health issues such as traffic crashes and violence. Over the past several decades, considerable effort has been made to reduce alcohol sales to underage persons but less attention has been given to the issue of sales to obviously ...
Louise Hulse Anna - - 2013
This article explores and critically evaluates clinical practice competencies as a form of assessment within post-registration nurse education, specifically relating to competence assessment of intravenous (IV) therapy. In the first article in this two-part series, 'Competency assessment in intravenous therapy and vascular access: part 1' (BJN, 22(16)), an in-depth literature ...
Liu Yue - - 2013
Many studies have demonstrated that the properties of enzymes expressed in eukaryotes can be affected by the position and extent of glycosylation on enzyme. In this study, two potential glycosylation sites (the 8th and the 58th asparagine) were identified and the effect of propeptide glycosylation on Rhizomucor miehei lipase (RML) ...
Chen Wenfeng - - 2013
H was intentionally incorporated into as-deposited ZnO films by plasma exposure treatment. The resistivity of ZnO films was reduced to the order of 10(-3) Ω cm after H plasma treatment, and high conductive stability was identified using a post-annealing process. To find an explanation for the stable conductivity, first-principle calculation ...
Yilmaz Fadime - - 2013
Four Staphylococcus isolates having both multidrug- and multimetal-resistant ability were isolated from surface water. Further identification of the isolates was obtained through biochemical tests and 16S rDNA gene sequencing. One methicillin-resistant and two methicilin-sensitive isolates were determined as Staphylococcus aureus. The other isolate was identified as Staphylococcus warneri. The antibiotic ...
Devi Kshetrimayum Miranda - - 2013
Manipuri pony is the geographically distant breed of horse from the five recognized horse breeds found in the Indian subcontinent. The phylogenetic relationship of Manipuri pony with the other breeds is unknown. The diversity in the mitochondrial (mt) DNA D-loop region is employed as an important tool to understand the ...
Pal Kartick Chandra - - 2013
A new Gram-positive, nonpigmented, rod-shaped fluoride-tolerant bacterial strain, NM25, was isolated from waterlogged muddy field soil collected from the fluoride endemic area of Rampurhat II block (average fluoride in water, 4.7 mg/l, and in soil, 1.5 mg/kg) in Birbhum District, West Bengal, India. The study was undertaken to characterize the fluoride-tolerant bacterial ...
Hsiao Kuo-Jui - - 2013
The CIGS solar cell is one of the most promising photovoltaic devices due to the achievement of the highest conversion efficiency (>20%) among all thin-film solar cells. The CIGS cell has a glass/Mo/CIGS/CdS/TCO configuration, and the CIGS-Mo interface is a Schottky barrier to holes. During the sulfurization-after-selenization (SAS) CIGS formation ...
Nwamba Charles O - - 2013
Besides pharmacogenomics and drug dynamics, pharmacological properties of a drug could also arise from protein conformational switches. These switches would arise from the following mechanisms: (a) slight shifts away from a protein's native conformation induced by mutation, (b) changes in the protein's environment allowing for structural rearrangements to form hitherto ...
Xu Dongmei - - 2013
Fluorescence spectroscopy was used to study the quenching mechanism, the type of force and the binding sites of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) on wheat germ acid phosphatase (ACPase). The results showed that the quenching effect of PFOS on ACPase was mainly due to a static quenching mechanism that occurred via the ...
Hasim Ayshamgul - - 2013
In this study, plasma-free amino acid profiles were used to investigate pre-cancerous cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) metabolic signatures in plasma. Additionally, the diagnostic potential of these profiles was assessed, as well as their ability to provide novel insight into CSCC metabolism and systemic effects. ...
Bialešová Lucia - - 2013
Breast cancer is the most occurring type of cancer among women. In Slovakia, there are yearly diagnosed about 1900 new cases of this disease. Breast cancer treatment is very expensive, psychic stressful and in some cases ineffective. Therefore, it is essential to search for new and/or alternative methods for breast ...
Can Zehra Semra - - 2013
Endocrine-disrupting compounds (EDCs) are exogenous substances that cause adverse health effects in an intact organism, or its progeny, subsequent to the changes in endocrine function. Recent studies have shown that wastewater treatment plant effluents play an important role in the release of EDCs into aquatic environments. Therefore, in this study, ...
Qin Jianbing - - 2013
Cell-free RNA (cfRNA) naturally occurs in blood and has clinical significance. Accurate quantification of these extracellular RNAs in whole blood is hindered by the simultaneous unintended release of cellular RNA and degradation of cfRNA after blood draw. An appropriate blood collection device is needed to stabilize cfRNA during blood processing, ...
Mainz Roland - - 2013
The selenization of Cu-Zn-Sn-S nanocrystals is a promising route for the fabrication of low-cost thin film solar cells. However, the reaction pathway of this process is not completely understood. Here, the evolution of phase formation, grain size, and elemental distributions is investigated during the selenization of Cu-Zn-Sn-S nanoparticle precursor thin ...
Jones Sarah M - - 2013
We investigated the precision of the approximate number system (ANS) in three lemur species (Lemur catta, Eulemur mongoz, and Eulemur macaco flavifrons), one Old World monkey species (Macaca mulatta) and humans (Homo sapiens). In Experiment 1, four individuals of each nonhuman primate species were trained to select the numerically larger ...
Shimamoto Yoshinori - - 2013
The common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) is increasingly being used as a non-human primate animal model in biomedical research. To perform accurate quantitative analysis of gene expression by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, reliable reference genes should be selected. In this study, we evaluated the expressions of 11 widely used ...
Kim Yongmin - - 2013
Polyetheral additives were found to be efficient promoters to enhance the rate of H2-release from ammonia borane (AB) at various temperatures. In particular, tetraethylene glycol dimethyl ether (T4EGDE, 29 wt% relative to AB + T4EGDE) exhibited significantly improved activities for AB dehydrogenation, with the material-based hydrogen storage capacity of 10.3 ...
Chakrabarti Dwaipayan - - 2013
We review a comprehensive computational framework to survey the potential energy landscape for systems composed of rigid or partially rigid molecules. Illustrative case studies relevant to a wide range of molecular clusters and soft and condensed matter systems are discussed.
Rosenleitner Jan - - 2013
Religious beliefs can lead to difficulties in psychiatric diagnosis, when it comes to distinguishing between faith and delusion. Delusion is defined as a false assessment of reality combined with subjective certainty, which is in contrast with the reality of the social environment. The problem with this definition is that reality ...
Fowler John - - 2013
This series will help you examine how clinical supervision can be used to advance your practice, whether you are a staff nurse or a nurse consultant.
Papitto A - - 2013
It is thought that neutron stars in low-mass binary systems can accrete matter and angular momentum from the companion star and be spun-up to millisecond rotational periods. During the accretion stage, the system is called a low-mass X-ray binary, and bright X-ray emission is observed. When the rate of mass ...
Kumar Ashutosh - - 2013
Nanoscience and nanotechnology have seen an exponential growth over the past decade largely due to the unique properties of engineered nanoparticles (ENPs), advances in ENP synthesis, and imaging or analysis tools. The unique properties such as high surface area to volume ratio, abundant reactive sites on the surface, large fraction ...
Marques Rejane C - - 2013
We compared Pb concentration in human milk from 37 mothers living in a neighborhood of tin-ore smelters to that from 45 mothers living in a fishing community. The median breast-milk-Pb (BM-Pb) concentration was significantly (p = 0.0000001) higher (11.3 μg L(-1); ≤0.96-29.4 μg L(-1)) in mothers living in the vicinity of smelters than that of rural ...
Xia Yuguo - - 2013
The investigation of the metal oxide/inorganic ion interface at the atomic level represents a fundamental issue for the understanding of chemical and physical processes involved in several fields such as catalysis, adsorption, directed synthesis and the mechanistic study of crystal growth. In this paper, a combined hydrothermal synthesis and computational ...
Sie Aisha S - - 2013
Currently, most breast cancer (BC) patients receive face-to-face genetic counseling (DNA-intake) prior to BRCA-mutation testing, with generic information regarding hereditary BC and BRCA-mutation testing. This prospective study evaluated a novel format: replacing the intake consultation with telephone, written and digital information sent home, and face-to-face contact following BRCA-mutation testing (DNA-direct). ...
Saeed Maythem - - 2013
To use multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) for assessing the effects of coronary microemboli on pre-existing acute myocardial infarct (AMI) and to compare this pathology to LAD microembolization and occlusion/reperfusion. An angioplasty balloon catheter was placed in the LAD coronary artery of pigs under X-ray guidance. Four animals served as controls ...
Nagasawa Fumiya - - 2013
Since the formulation of the geometric phase by Berry, its relevance has been demonstrated in a large variety of physical systems. However, a geometric phase of the most fundamental spin-1/2 system, the electron spin, has not been observed directly and controlled independently from dynamical phases. Here we report experimental evidence ...
Romero-Rojas Alfredo E - - 2013
Thyroid follicular neoplasms with signet ring cell morphology represent a challenging cytological and histopathologic diagnosis. The low frequency of these neoplasms and their broad differential diagnosis contribute to this difficult scenario. Here, we present an exceptionally rare case of thyroid follicular carcinoma with signet ring cell morphology in a 62-year-old ...
Guo Honglei - - 2013
The glucose-responsive nanocapsules [CS-NAC/p(GAMA-r-AAPBA)] were readily fabricated with modified chitosan (CS-NAC) and random glycopolymer poly(D-gluconamidoethyl methacrylate-r-3-acrylamidophenylboronic acid) p(GAMA-r-AAPBA) as the alternant multilayered polyelectrolyte hybrid shell via layer-by-layer self-assembly after etching the amino functionalized SiO2 spheres by NH4F/HF. The spherical and hollow structure of nanocapsules was confirmed by TEM analysis and ...
Morfeld Peter - - 2013
Gebel (In Arch Toxicol 87(5):923-924, 2013) replied to my Letter to the Editor (Morfeld in Arch Toxicol 87(5):921, 2013) in which I criticized the quantitative review of inhalation rat studies on the association of granular biopersistent dust exposures and lung cancer risk (Gebel in Arch Toxicol 86(7):995-1007, 2012). My methodological ...
Araste Fatemeh - - 2013
Expression of carbonic anhydrase IX (CAIX) significantly increases under hypoxic conditions in tumor cells. CAIX activity is executed by the catalytic domain (CA) located on the extracellular part of the enzyme. Neutralization of CAIX enzymatic activity reduces malignancy and survival of tumor cells. To inhibit the enzymatic activity, a VHH ...
Rajantie H - - 2013
The bleeding tendency and fear of bleeds may have a negative effect on preventive dental care of patients with haemophilia both at home and at dental appointments. To describe the clinical practice of dental care in children with haemophilia in Helsinki, Finland. This study evaluated retrospectively the medical records of ...
Xiao Qi - - 2013
Fluorescent quantum dots (QDs) have been widely applied in biological and biomedical areas, but relatively little is known about the interaction of QDs with some natural enzymes. Herein, the interactions between 3-mercaptopropionic acid-capped CdTe QDs (MPA-QDs) and papain were systematically investigated by UV-Vis absorption spectra, fluorescence spectra and circular dichroism ...
Zhang Jinhua - - 2013
To identify the substrates and enzymes related to resveratrol biosynthesis in Alternaria sp. MG1, different substrates were used to produce resveratrol, and their influence on resveratrol production was analyzed using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Formation of resveratrol and related intermediates was identified using mass spectrum. During the biotransformation, activities ...
Gao Yan - - 2013
Sulfur (S) is an essential macronutrient for plants, and deficiency in soil S availability limits plant growth. Adaptive strategies have been evolved by plants to respond to S deficiency by coordinating systemic regulatory mechanism. A split-root experiment using legume model plant Medicago truncatula Gaertn. was conducted to investigate the systemic ...
Angioli Roberto - - 2013
To date, no good marker for endometrial cancer (EC) that may be routinely used in clinical practice for diagnosis, prognosis and monitoring is available; besides the use of tumour markers is not recommended by international guidelines. However, during the last years, an increasing interest in literature has been growing on ...
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