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Results 351 - 400 of 2680
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Pochwat Bartłomiej - - 2013
Recent data suggests that the glutamatergic system is involved in the pathophysiology and treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD) and that the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor is a potential target for antidepressant drugs. The magnesium ion blocks the ion channel of the NMDA receptor and prevents its excessive activation. Some preclinical ...
Rajantie H - - 2013
The bleeding tendency and fear of bleeds may have a negative effect on preventive dental care of patients with haemophilia both at home and at dental appointments. To describe the clinical practice of dental care in children with haemophilia in Helsinki, Finland. This study evaluated retrospectively the medical records of ...
Anthonappa R P - - 2013
Supernumerary teeth are teeth, or tooth-like structures that have either erupted or remain unerupted in addition to the 20 primary and 32 permanent teeth. This paper attempts to (a) provide an overview of the proposed hypotheses and the current understanding of the aetiology of supernumerary teeth, and (b) review the ...
Ortiz Rodrigo - - 2013
Wood decomposition is an important component in forest ecosystems but information about the diversity of fungi causing decay is lacking. This is especially true for the temperate rain forests in Chile. These investigations show results of a biodiversity study of white-rot fungi in wood obtained from Chiloé National Park in ...
Bui T V - - 2013
SUMMARY We evaluated the incidence rate of culture-positive central nervous system tuberculosis (CNS TB) in France in 2007 and its time trend between 1990 and 2007. We used a capture-recapture analysis by using data recorded in 2007 by the mandatory notification system and the national network of the National Reference ...
Son Heung-Min - - 2013
A Gram-staining negative, strictly aerobic, motile by gliding, non-spore-forming, pale yellow pigmented and rod-shaped bacterium designated strain THG-107(T) was isolated from soil of a ginseng field on Ganghwa Island in the Republic of Korea and its taxonomic position was investigated by using a polyphasic study. Growth of strain THG-107(T) was ...
Smith Jemma - - 2013
This study examined the efficacy of video self modeling (VSM) using feedforward, to teach various goals of a picture exchange communication system (PECS). The participants were two boys with autism and one man with Down syndrome. All three participants were non-verbal with no current functional system of communication; the two ...
Valsamis Bridget - - 2013
Prepulse inhibition (PPI) of acoustic startle is an operational measure of sensorimotor gating, which is disrupted in schizophrenia. NMDA receptor (NMDAR) antagonist induced PPI disruption has become an important pharmacological model for schizophrenia; however, knowledge of the underlying mechanism remains incomplete. This study examines the role of NMDAR in the ...
Kim Hee Man - - 2013
Abstract Background. Silent peptic ulcer has been considered to be associated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). The recent studies have reported no relationship between them. Aim. We attempted to investigate an association between asymptomatic peptic ulcer and NSAID in Korean adults. Methods. The subjects were enrolled from participants visiting Myongji ...
Balijepalli C - - 2013
The percentile distribution of blood pressure (BP) with regard to age, sex and cardiovascular risk factors is unknown. We aimed to provide epidemiological data for a comprehensive description of the BP distribution across a wide age-range. We used data from the German Metabolic and Cardiovascular Risk Project (GEMCAS), a cross-sectional ...
Hikmat Fadi F - - 2013
In the Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) trial, the DASH diet reduced blood pressure (BP) in a diverse sample of US adults. Subsequent analyses of this trial documented the efficacy of the DASH diet in several subgroups. Although subgroup analyses in individuals with metabolic syndrome (MS) have not been ...
Eren Ilker - - 2013
In this study, the correction accuracy of Smart Correction spatial fixators and of Ilizarov-type external fixators are compared in terms of deformity complexity. Seventy-seven (40 male, 37 female) bone segments of 57 patients treated with a Smart Correction device were compared with 94 (51 male, 43 female) segments of 68 ...
Parvizi Javad - - 2013
It is not clear whether type of surgical approach affects the amount of blood loss in one-stage bilateral total hip arthroplasty (THA). This study therefore aims to examine if type of surgical approach can affect peri-operative blood loss and allogeneic blood transfusion in patients undergoing one-stage bilateral THA. Records of ...
Lee Aaron A - - 2013
Genetic essentialism suggests that beliefs in genetic causes of mental illness will inflate a desire for social distance from affected individuals, regardless of specific disorder. However, genetic contingency theory predicts that genetic attributions will lead to an increased desire for social distance only from persons with disorders who are perceived ...
Moore Simas Tiffany A - - 2013
Abstract Objective: Chronic hypertension, pregestational diabetes mellitus, history of prior preeclampsia and obese nulliparity are maternal conditions associated with increased preeclampsia risk. Whether altered maternal angiogenic factor levels allow for prediction of pending disease is unclear. Our objective was to evaluate angiogenic factors for early preeclampsia prediction in high-risk women. ...
Rai Archana N - - 2013
The P5CS ({Delta} 1-Pyrroline-5-Carboxylate Synthetase) gene encodes for a bifunctional enzyme that catalyzes the rate limiting reaction in proline biosynthesis in living organisms. A wide range of multifunctional roles of proline have now been shown in stress defense. The proline biosynthetic genes, especially, P5CS is commonly used in metabolic engineering ...
Kim Kyung Beom - - 2013
A simple and low cost chemosensor is described. This sensor could simultaneously detect three biologically important metal ions through fluorogenic (Zn(2+)) and chromogenic (Fe(2+), Cu(2+), and Zn(2+)) methods in aqueous solution. The sensor could function as a "turn-on" fluorescence receptor only to Zn(2+) ions. In addition, the sensor could be ...
Kim Hyung Hun - - 2013
Abstract Objective. Unlike surgery, endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) removes gastric epithelial neoplasms within a tight margin, leaving most normal tissue around the neoplasm intact, thus resulting in a high risk for missed synchronous gastric epithelial neoplasms (mSGENs). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the characteristics and risk factors ...
Pang Haijun - - 2013
The rational self-assembly of mono-lacunary Keggin clusters with 4d and 4f metal salts via a conventional method has yielded two novel polyoxometalate-based 4d-4f heterometallic compounds containing lacunary Keggin anions connected to ten metal atoms: {[Ag{Ag2(H2O)4}{Ln(H2O)6}2H ⊂ {SiW11Ln(H2O)4O39}2]·nH2O (Ln = Ce and n = 7 for , Ln = Pr and ...
Wei Hongshan - - 2013
Golgi protein-73 (GP73) is upregulated in cancers and viral infections; however, its role in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) remains undetermined. GP73 was evaluated as a biomarker of HIV progression and AIDS treatment efficacy. Forty-eight HIV patients (≤350 CD4 + T cells/μL) undergoing highly active antiretroviral therapy ...
von Diemen Lisia - - 2013
Recent reports suggest that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) could be a biomarker for relapse, drug craving and withdrawal severity. In particular, elevated BDNF levels among former cocaine users have been associated with higher rates of relapse in 90 d. However, no data are available on BDNF levels at baseline and during ...
Devi Kshetrimayum Miranda - - 2013
Manipuri pony is the geographically distant breed of horse from the five recognized horse breeds found in the Indian subcontinent. The phylogenetic relationship of Manipuri pony with the other breeds is unknown. The diversity in the mitochondrial (mt) DNA D-loop region is employed as an important tool to understand the ...
Hasim Ayshamgul - - 2013
In this study, plasma-free amino acid profiles were used to investigate pre-cancerous cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) metabolic signatures in plasma. Additionally, the diagnostic potential of these profiles was assessed, as well as their ability to provide novel insight into CSCC metabolism and systemic effects. ...
Xiao Qi - - 2013
Fluorescent quantum dots (QDs) have been widely applied in biological and biomedical areas, but relatively little is known about the interaction of QDs with some natural enzymes. Herein, the interactions between 3-mercaptopropionic acid-capped CdTe QDs (MPA-QDs) and papain were systematically investigated by UV-Vis absorption spectra, fluorescence spectra and circular dichroism ...
Zhang Rui - - 2013
Tilapia is an important freshwater aquaculture species worldwide. In recent years, streptococcal diseases have severely threatened development of tilapia aquaculture, while effective prevention and control methods have not yet been established. In order to understand the immunological response of tilapia to infection by Streptococcus agalactiae (S. agalactiae), this study employed ...
Rueda Eva Carolina - - 2013
Prochilodus lineatus is a highly migratory fish species that sustains the most important commercial fishery of Paraná-Paraguay basin. Migratory patterns are poorly known and only few population genetic studies are available for this species in the Upper Paraná. To assess genetic population structure, we genotyped a sample of 93 individuals ...
Domes Gregor - - 2013
The neuropeptide oxytocin has recently been shown to enhance eye gaze and emotion recognition in healthy men. Here, we report a randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial that examined the neural and behavioral effects of a single dose of intranasal oxytocin on emotion recognition in individuals with Asperger syndrome (AS), a clinical ...
de Souza Valentim Francisco Carlos - - 2013
Potamotrygonidae is a representative family of South American freshwater elasmobranchs. Cytogenetic studies were performed in a Potamotrygon species from the middle Negro River, Amazonas, Brazil, here named as Potamotrygon sp. C. Mitotic and meiotic chromosomes were analyzed using conventional staining techniques, C-banding, and detection of the nucleolus organizing regions (NOR) ...
Pushie M Jake - - 2013
Molybdenum and tungsten are the only second and third-row transition elements with a known function in living organisms. The molybdenum and tungsten enzymes show common structural features, with the metal being bound by a pyranopterin-dithiolene cofactor called molybdopterin. They catalyze a variety of oxygen transferase reactions coupled with two-electron redox ...
Dietz David M - - 2013
ΔFosB, a FosB gene product, is induced in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) by repeated exposure to several stimuli including antipsychotic drugs such as haloperidol. However, the functional consequences of increased ΔFosB expression following antipsychotic treatment has not been explored. Here, we assessed whether ΔFosB induction by haloperidol mediates the negative ...
Nomura Masatoshi - - 2013
The TGF-β superfamily of ligands provides important signals for the development of pancreas islets. However, it is not yet known whether the TGF-β family signalling pathway is required for essential islet functions in the adult pancreas. To identify distinct roles for the downstream components of the canonical TGF-β signalling pathway, ...
Gándara E - - 2013
The role of ABO blood type as a risk factor for recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients with a first unprovoked VTE who complete oral anticoagulation therapy is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine if non-OO blood type is a risk factor for recurrent VTE in patients ...
Renard Dimitri - - 2013
Only one large series using statistical parametric mapping (SPM) reports on FDG-PET in sporadic (Heidenhain and non-Heidenhain variant) Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD), describing hypometabolism in bilateral parietal, frontal, and occipital cortices. Our aim was to study FDG-PET in non-Heidenhain probable sCJD patients in order to assess the most pertinent FDG-PET pattern, ...
Weber Konrad P - - 2013
This review summarizes the most relevant articles from the field of neuro-ophthalmology published in the Journal of Neurology from January 2012 to July 2013. With the advent of video-oculography, several articles describe new applications for eye movement recordings as a diagnostic tool for a wide range of disorders. In myasthenia ...
Tabaczar Sabina - - 2013
The development of side-effects during doxorubicin-docetaxel (DOX-DTX) chemotherapy is considered as related to generation of oxidative stress by DOX. The addition of docetaxel potentiates this effect. Thus, antioxidants are assumed as a promising remedy for neutralizing deteriorating effects of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in pathological conditions and polyphenolic antioxidants are ...
Bialešová Lucia - - 2013
Breast cancer is the most occurring type of cancer among women. In Slovakia, there are yearly diagnosed about 1900 new cases of this disease. Breast cancer treatment is very expensive, psychic stressful and in some cases ineffective. Therefore, it is essential to search for new and/or alternative methods for breast ...
Krizova Lucia - - 2013
Recent findings suggest that polymorphisms in vitamin D pathway genes are candidates for association with multiple sclerosis susceptibility. It has been now well demonstrated that vitamin D has immunomodulatory functions that may be favorable for reduction of multiple sclerosis risk. Current research has been focused on identification of new variants ...
Kim Yongmin - - 2013
Polyetheral additives were found to be efficient promoters to enhance the rate of H2-release from ammonia borane (AB) at various temperatures. In particular, tetraethylene glycol dimethyl ether (T4EGDE, 29 wt% relative to AB + T4EGDE) exhibited significantly improved activities for AB dehydrogenation, with the material-based hydrogen storage capacity of 10.3 ...
Latorre Eva - - 2013
Intestinal inflammatory diseases are the result of multiple processes, including mucosal oxidative stress and perturbed homeostasis between commensal bacteria and mucosal immunity. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) recognize molecular-associated microorganisms' patterns and trigger innate immunity responses contributing to intestinal homeostasis and inflammatory responses. However, TLRs effects on redox balance in intestinal mucosa ...
Saghiri Mohammad Ali - - 2013
This study evaluated the effects of nanoindentation on the surface of white mineral trioxide aggregate (WMTA), Bioaggregate and Nano WMTA cements. Cements were mixed according to the manufacturer directions, condensed inside glass tubes, and randomly divided into three groups (n = 8). Specimens were soaked in synthetic tissue fluid (pH ...
Hofmann Kerstin - - 2013
In two Spanish barley landraces with outstanding resistance to scald, the Rrs1 Rh4 locus was fine mapped including all known markers used in previous studies and closely linked markers were developed. Scald, caused by Rhynchosporium commune, is one of the most prevalent barley diseases worldwide. A search for new resistance ...
Gong Weijun - - 2013
Stroke is a leading cause of impairment and disability worldwide, and motor imagery (MI) has been used in stroke rehabilitation. Electroencephalography (EEG) has been used to study MI. However, the characteristic features of EEG during MI in stroke patients have not been established. The purpose of this study was to investigate the ...
Liu Long - - 2013
Gram-positive bacteria are widely used to produce recombinant proteins, amino acids, organic acids, higher alcohols, and polymers. Many proteins have been expressed in Gram-positive hosts such as Corynebacterium, Brevibacterium, and Streptomyces. The favorable and advantageous characteristics (e.g., high secretion capacity and efficient production of metabolic products) of these species have ...
Gullón Sonia - - 2013
Bacterial lipoproteins are a specialised class of membrane proteins that represent a small percentage of the proteome of Gram-positive bacteria, yet these lipoproteins have been reported to play important roles in nutrient scavenging, cell envelope assembly, protein folding, environmental signalling, host cell adhesion and virulence. Upon translocation of lipoproteins, the ...
Chakrabarti Dwaipayan - - 2013
We review a comprehensive computational framework to survey the potential energy landscape for systems composed of rigid or partially rigid molecules. Illustrative case studies relevant to a wide range of molecular clusters and soft and condensed matter systems are discussed.
Riley Kevin E - - 2013
In this work we highlight recent work aimed at the characterization of halogen bonds. Here we discuss the origins of the σ-hole, the modulation of halogen bond strength by changing of neighboring chemical groups (i.e. halogen bond tuning), the performance of various computational methods in treating halogen bonds, and the ...
Mori Toshitaka - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the distinct pathogenic mechanisms underlying chronic hypertension in pregnancy and preeclampsia in terms of oxidative stress and vascular reactivity. A total of 17 women with uncomplicated pregnancies, 30 women with preeclampsia and 17 women with chronic hypertension were evaluated. We measured serum ...
Harter Johannes - - 2013
Nitrous oxide (N2O) contributes 8% to global greenhouse gas emissions. Agricultural sources represent about 60% of anthropogenic N2O emissions. Most agricultural N2O emissions are due to increased fertilizer application. A considerable fraction of nitrogen fertilizers are converted to N2O by microbiological processes (that is, nitrification and denitrification). Soil amended with ...
Yergeau Etienne E - - 2013
The goal of phytoremediation is to use plants to immobilize, extract or degrade organic and inorganic pollutants. In the case of organic contaminants, plants essentially act indirectly through the stimulation of rhizosphere microorganisms. A detailed understanding of the effect plants have on the activities of rhizosphere microorganisms could help optimize ...
Tefon Burcu E - - 2013
Bordetella pertussis is the causative agent of whooping cough (pertussis) which is a worldwide vaccine preventable acute respiratory illness that predominantly involves infants. The reactogenicity of whole-cell (Pw) vaccines and the difficulty of their consistent production have led to the development of acellular pertussis (Pa) vaccines. However, despite high vaccination ...
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