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Results 301 - 350 of 2680
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Lorber V - - 2013
Due to their mechanical properties, there has been growing interest in poly-ether-ether-ketone (PEEK) and its composites as bearing material in total and unicompartmental knee arthroplasty. The aim of this study was to analyze the biological activity of wear particles of two different (pitch and PAN) carbon-fiber-reinforced- (CFR-) PEEK varieties in ...
Damoiseaux Jan - - 2013
Cryoglobulins are immunoglobulins that reversibly precipitate in the cold. They come in different flavours and, as such, are differentially associated with lymphoproliferative diseases (type I), or systemic autoimmune diseases, and/or infectious diseases (type II/III). The clinical manifestations of cryoglobulinaemia result from either hyper-viscosity or small vessel vasculitis. Hepatitis C virus ...
Kim Sewha - - 2013
This study aimed to investigate the associations between the expression of redox-related proteins which regulate reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and the histologic factors in phyllodes tumor (PT). We used tissue microarrays to analyze 193 PTs and performed immunohistochemical staining against five redox-related proteins including catalase, thioredoxin reductase (TxNR), glutathione ...
Elgaml Abdelaziz - - 2013
Vibrio vulnificus is a halophilic estuarine bacterium while it causes fatal septicemia or necrotizing wound infections in humans. This pathogen secretes the metalloprotease (V. vulnificus protease: VVP) and the cytolysin (V. vulnificus hemolysin: VVH) as protein toxins; however, their production was coordinated in response to the bacterial cell density. This ...
Park Eun-Jung - - 2013
Iron oxide nanoparticles (FeNPs) are known to be one of the most biocompatible and safe nanoparticles. However, their long-term persistence remains a problem, and macrophages play as an important mediator in continuous stimulation of the immune system due to biopersistence of nanoparticles. In the present study, we identified the mechanisms ...
Xu Yuanyuan - - 2013
Accumulating data suggest arsenic may be an endocrine disruptor and tentatively linked to breast cancer by some studies. Therefore, we tested the effects of chronic inorganic arsenic exposure on the normal estrogen receptor (ER)-negative breast epithelial cell line, MCF-10A. Cells were chronically exposed to a low-level arsenite (500 nM) for up ...
Kumar Ashutosh - - 2013
Nanoscience and nanotechnology have seen an exponential growth over the past decade largely due to the unique properties of engineered nanoparticles (ENPs), advances in ENP synthesis, and imaging or analysis tools. The unique properties such as high surface area to volume ratio, abundant reactive sites on the surface, large fraction ...
Srivastava Alok Kumar - - 2013
The indigenous fungal flora of three oil refinery contaminated sites (Bharuch, Valsad and Vadodara) of India has been documented in the present investigation. A total seventy-five fungal morphotypes were isolated from these sites and out of them, only fifteen isolates were capable of utilizing ethanol (0-8 %; v:v) as a sole ...
Sahilah A M - - 2013
Genomic DNA of Vibrio parahaemolyticus were characterized by antibiotic resistance, enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus-polymerase chain reaction (ERIC-PCR) and random amplified polymorphic DNA-polymerase chain reaction (RAPD-PCR) analysis. These isolates originated from 3 distantly locations of Selangor, Negeri Sembilan and Melaka (East coastal areas), Malaysia. A total of 44 (n = 44) of tentatively ...
Huo Wenjie - - 2013
This study was aimed to investigate the impact of subacute ruminal acidosis (SARA) on the diversity of liquid (LAB) and solid-associated bacteria (SAB) following high-grain feeding. Six ruminally cannulated goats were divided into two groups: one group was fed a hay diet (COD), and the other group was fed a ...
Hamedi Sepideh - - 2013
In the present study, the biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using Neurospora intermedia, as a new non-pathogenic fungus was investigated. For determination of biomass harvesting time, the effect of fungal incubation period on nanoparticle formation was investigated using UV-visible spectroscopy. Then, AgNPs were synthesized using both culture supernatant and cell-free ...
Sun Matthew Z - - 2013
Choroid plexus carcinoma (CPC) is a World Health Organization (WHO) grade III brain tumor with a poor prognosis that occurs mainly in children. Gross total resection of CPC is highly recommended and is associated with improved overall survival, although it is often associated with increased morbidity. The use of adjuvant ...
Araki Motoharu - - 2013
To evaluate the 2-year results obtained with self-expandable stent for chronic total occlusion (CTO) of the iliac artery, a retrospective study was performed of patients who underwent endovascular therapy (EVT) for chronic iliac artery CTO who presented from April 2007 to September 2012. 82 patients with 86 occluded iliac arteries ...
Nicolas Camille - - 2013
C3 glomerulopathy (C3G) is characterized by predominant C3 deposits in glomeruli and dysregulation of the alternative pathway of complement. Half of C3G patients have a C3 nephritic factor (C3NeF). C3G incorporated entities with a range of features on microscopy including dense deposit diseases (DDD) and C3 glomerulonephritis (C3GN). The aim ...
Cheng Junzhang - - 2013
To investigate the therapeutic efficacy of sustained low-efficiency dialysis (SLED) in severe snakebite patients. Fifteen patients of severe snakebite was treated with SLED from July 2005 to August 2009 were included in the study. Central venous access was established in all patients. SLED was administered using Dialog(+) dialyzer (B. Braun, ...
Tinazzi Michele - - 2013
Quantifying the number of publications is the easiest way to estimate the scientific production of a country in any scientific field. The aim of this article is to provide information about the scientific production from 2008 to 2011 of Italian neurologists and to compare it with scientific production data of ...
Emoto Akira - - 2013
Pores with an outer shell (POS) are fabricated on the submicrometer scale using modified poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA). An aqueous solution is mixed with cationic PVA and a water-based colloidal suspension of polystyrene (PS) spheres of submicrometer diameter. The mixture is then spin-coated onto a substrate. The resultant structure is immersed ...
Seyed Saadat Seyed Mohammad - - 2013
Although CDH is a major health care problem encountered in headache clinics, our knowledge about the epidemiological features of CDH is limited in developing countries. The objective of this study was to survey the frequency and clinical features of chronic daily headache (CDH) and its subtypes among Iranian population presenting ...
Song Ming-Yu - - 2013
Electromagnetic fields (EMFs) are used clinically to promote fracture healing and slow down osteoporosis without knowledge of optimal parameters and underlying principles. In the present study, we investigate the effects of irritation for different durations with 15 Hz 1 mT sinusoidal EMFs (SEMFs) on rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) proliferation, ...
Ventura Adriana - - 2013
Ontogenesis comprises a series of events including cell proliferation and apoptosis and resulting in the normal development of the embryo. Protein p53 has been described as being involved in the development of several animal species. The aim of this study was to analyze the expression of protein p53 during the ...
Gao Hui - - 2013
Hispidulin is a flavonoid compound which is an active ingredient in a number of traditional Chinese medicinal herbs. However, it's therapeutic activity remains poorly understood. The present study investigated the pro-apoptotic effects and mechanism by which Hispidulin induces apoptosis in human hepatoblastoma cancer (HepG2) cells. The results showed that Hispidulin ...
Hogue Aaron - - 2013
Reliable therapist-report methods appear to be an essential component of quality assurance procedures to support adoption of evidence-based practices in usual care, but studies have found weak correspondence between therapist and observer ratings of treatment techniques. This study examined therapist reliability and accuracy in rating intervention target (i.e., session participants) ...
E Changyong - - 2013
Combined hepatocellular carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma (cHCC-CC) is a rare form of primary liver cancer (PLC). It is difficult to make a correct preoperative diagnosis of cHCC-CC because of the lack of special features of the disease. We here present a case of a 68-year-old man who presented with fluctuant fever, ...
Sugawara Saiko - - 2013
Fibroblast growth factor 4 (FGF4) is considered as a crucial gene for tumorigenesis in humans and the development of mammalian embryos. The secreted, mature form of human FGF4 is thought to be comprised of 175 amino acid residues (proline(32) to leucine(206), Pro(32)-Leu(206)). Here, we found that bacterially expressed, 6× histidine ...
Nan Jun - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the genetic polymorphism in the promoter of the SLC6A4 gene encoding the serotonin transporter (5-HTT) and the sensitivity to noxious stimulation from a clinical perspective. The genotyping of the 217 outpatients with mild epidermal abrasion in lateral crural region ...
Lau Y Z - - 2013
A 23 year-old man presented with abdominal pain after suffering blunt trauma caused by a seatbelt injury. His low platelet count of 137 × 109/L was initially attributed to trauma and underlying hypersplenism due to glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency. Despite conservative management, his platelet count remained persistently reduced even after ...
Senapati S - - 2013
ABSTRACT Objective: Reproductive hormone levels are associated with body size, and the association between estradiol (E2) and body size varies over the menopausal transition. This study aims to delineate these relationships using quantitative measures of visceral (Visc) and subcutaneous (SC) fat. Methods: Early follicular hormones (FSH, E2, LH, DHEAS, Testosterone) ...
Bartolomé E - - 2013
The aims of this study were, first, to evaluate eye temperature (ET) with infrared thermography and heart rate (HR) to measure stress in horses during show jumping competitions and their relationship with competition results, and second, to evaluate the influence of different extrinsic and intrinsic factors of the horse on ...
Fras Pauline - - 2013
Some lactic acid bacteria produce volatile phenols in culture medium but this activity has not been extensively studied in wine conditions. Red and white wines were mixed with MRS medium at different ratios to study the influence of wine on the metabolism of p-coumaric and ferulic acids by Lactobacillus plantarum. ...
Kakinaka Makoto - - 2013
This study presents a theoretical framework for examining the effect of the Japanese government-regulated medical price schedule, 'Shinryo-Houshu-Seido,' on the behavior of medical providers. In particular, we discuss the optimal rule of this price schedule for the regulator, taking into account information asymmetry between the regulator and providers. Our simple ...
Jones Sarah M - - 2013
We investigated the precision of the approximate number system (ANS) in three lemur species (Lemur catta, Eulemur mongoz, and Eulemur macaco flavifrons), one Old World monkey species (Macaca mulatta) and humans (Homo sapiens). In Experiment 1, four individuals of each nonhuman primate species were trained to select the numerically larger ...
Hanlon Shane M - - 2013
This study evaluated the impacts of Roundup(®) on tadpole mouthpart damage as a mechanism for reduced growth and developmental rates in Lithobates sphenocephalus (Southern leopard frog) tadpoles. We did not find evidence that Roundup(®) damages larval mouthparts, nor was there a significant relationship between mouthpart damage and either body condition ...
Ozseker Koray - - 2013
In this study, the natural and anthropogenic copper (Cu) pollution in coastal sediments near the city Trabzon which exhibits an increasing population and industrial activity in the Southeastern Black Sea Region, were investigated spatially and temporally. The sediment along the coast of Trabzon is influenced by three rivers called Degirmendere, ...
Kanno Toru - - 2013
Here, we used a sheep bioassay to determine the effect of freezing colostrum to prevent the transmission of bovine leukemia virus (BLV) among neonatal calves. Leukocytes were isolated from the colostrum of a BLV-infected Holstein cow, which were then either left untreated (control) or freeze-thawed. A sheep inoculated intraperitoneally with ...
Leierseder S - - 2013
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are key physiological regulators in multiple cell types. Here, we assessed platelet production and function in mice deficient in miR-223, one of the most abundantly expressed miRNAs in platelets and megakaryocytes. We found platelet number, size, life-span as well as surface expression of platelet adhesion receptors to be ...
Arnason Stefán Magni - - 2013
Although changes in hamstring muscle morphology after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) using a semitendinosus autograft hamstrings-gracilis (HG) of the ipsilateral limb are recognized, alterations in muscle activation patterns have not been extensively studied. The purpose of this controlled laboratory trial was therefore to monitor muscle activation levels of the ...
Misal Santosh A - - 2013
Azo dyes and nitro-aromatic compounds are the largest group of pollutants released in the environment as industrial wastes. They create serious health and environmental problems. Azoreductases catalyze the reduction of azo dyes and nitro compounds to their respective amines. AN azoreductase was purified up to 12-fold from Lysinibacillus sphaericus using ...
Madarevic Tomislav - - 2013
The endoscopic technique for resection of a postero-superior part of calcaneus served as a golden standard during the last 10 years, and it has mostly replaced the open techniques. In an effort to reduce the morbidity and the recovery time, we had introduced the ultrasound-assisted technique. In the period of 1 year, ...
Randolph Sarah E - - 2013
Before attributing cause and consequence to climate change, the precise patterns of change must be known. Ground records across much of Europe show a 1-2 °C rise in temperatures in 1989 with no significant rise since then. The timing and spatial uniformity of this pattern, relative to changes in the distribution ...
Sun Yunjun - - 2013
Three structural domains of mosquitocidal Cry11Aa and Cry11Ba from Bacillus thuringiensis were exchanged to produce interdomain chimeras [BAA (11Ba/11Aa/11Aa), ABA (11Aa/11Ba/11Aa), AAB (11Aa/11Aa/11Ba), ABB (11Aa/11Ba/11Ba), BAB (11Ba/11Aa/11Ba), BBA (11Ba/11Ba/11Aa]. Chimeras BAB, BAA, BBA, and AAB formed inclusion bodies in the crystal-negative B. thuringiensis host and produced expected protein bands on ...
Di Matteo Berardo - - 2013
Nineteenth century Scottish surgeon William Macewen performed, in 1879, the first inter-human living donor transplantation in medical history. It was a bone allograft performed on a 3-year-old boy affected by a huge humeral bone loss. This paper analyses the historical context around Macewen, briefly introducing his life and the discoveries ...
Jiang Ling - - 2013
Ten lipases and esterases have been examined to catalyse the reaction between p-nitrobenzaldehyde and methyl vinyl ketone, the Baylis-Hillman reaction, to form 3-[hydroxyl-(4-nitrophenyl)-methyl]-but-3-en-2-one. Among these enzymes, Escherichia coli BioH esterase had the best activity. Optimal conditions for this reaction were: 0.1 mmol aldehyde, 0.1 mmol activated alkene, 30 mg E. coli BioH, 1 ml ...
Du Tao - - 2013
miR-21 is highly expressed in a variety of cancers, suggesting that it might play a role in the process of oncogenesis, as supported by it directly causing pre-B cell lymphomas in transgenic mice. Rm21LG transgenic mice for the conditional co-expression of miR-21 and luciferase (Luc) mediated by Cre/lox P system ...
Xu Dongmei - - 2013
Fluorescence spectroscopy was used to study the quenching mechanism, the type of force and the binding sites of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) on wheat germ acid phosphatase (ACPase). The results showed that the quenching effect of PFOS on ACPase was mainly due to a static quenching mechanism that occurred via the ...
Zhao Pengchao - - 2013
Lipopeptides secreted by bacteria attract interest because of their uses in biomedicine, biotechnology and food technology; however, harnessing their megasynthases (non-ribosomal peptide synthetases, NRPSs) has met with some difficulties in heterologous expression and crystallization. Here, we used similarity and phylogenetic analysis of NRPS sequences, including the fengycin and iturin family ...
Marques Rejane C - - 2013
We compared Pb concentration in human milk from 37 mothers living in a neighborhood of tin-ore smelters to that from 45 mothers living in a fishing community. The median breast-milk-Pb (BM-Pb) concentration was significantly (p = 0.0000001) higher (11.3 μg L(-1); ≤0.96-29.4 μg L(-1)) in mothers living in the vicinity of smelters than that of rural ...
Mironov Alexander A - - 2013
The transport of proteins and lipids is one of the main cellular functions. The vesicular model, compartment (or cisterna) maturation model, and the diffusion model compete with each other for the right to be the paradigm within the field of the intra-Golgi transport. These models have significant difficulties explaining the ...
Yang Yu - - 2013
The Sphingopyxis sp. 113P3 gene oph, encoding oxidized polyvinyl alcohol hydrolase (OPH), was optimized with the preferred codons of Pichia pastoris and ligated into the pPIC9K vector behind the α-factor signal sequence. The vector was then transfected into P. pastoris GS115 and genomic integration was confirmed. Large-scale production of recombinant ...
Kim Chaewon - - 2013
A new series of 3-allylseleno-6-alkylthiopyridazines 6a-6g was synthesized by two synthetic routes from 3,6-dichloropyridazine to develop new anticancer agents. These new compounds showed antiproliferative activities against breast cancer (MCF-7) cells in CCK-8 assays, and could be promising candidates for chemotherapy of carcinomas. Compound 6e (3-allylseleno-6-pentylthiopyridazine) showed higher potency than 5FU ...
Barbosa Flávia Regina Pinho - - 2013
Obesity is the main risk factor for the development of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Hyperprolactinemia has also been related to obesity. To determine the OSA prevalence in patients with prolactinoma before and after dopamine agonist (DA) and to evaluate the correlation between the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and prolactin levels, body ...
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