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Results 301 - 350 of 2724
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Cao Weiguo - - 2013
The purposes of this study were to determine the expression profiles of microRNA-34a (miR-34a) in human gastric cancer cell line (SGC-7901) and cisplatin-resistant cell lines (SGC-7901/DDP), and to establish the correlation between miR-34a expression profile and the sensitivity of human gastric cancer cell to cisplatin-based pattern, thereby providing new methods ...
Liu Yu - - 2013
Observational and preclinical studies suggested an association between the expression of thymidylate synthase (TS) and clinical effects of pemetrexed-based chemotherapy in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. However, the predictive value of TS for pemetrexed-containing chemotherapy regimen remained controversial. The aim of the study was to further appraise the association between ...
Ortiz Rodrigo - - 2013
Wood decomposition is an important component in forest ecosystems but information about the diversity of fungi causing decay is lacking. This is especially true for the temperate rain forests in Chile. These investigations show results of a biodiversity study of white-rot fungi in wood obtained from Chiloé National Park in ...
Chung Sangkeun - - 2013
This is the first study of Korean Americans' smoking behavior using a topography device. Korean American men smoke at higher rates than the general U.S. population. Korean American and White men were compared based on standard tobacco assessment and smoking topography measures. They smoked their preferred brand of cigarettes ad ...
Hosseinzadeh Mohammad Reza - - 2013
The discovery of five strains of TYLCV in Iran, including the most well-known and widespread, TYLCV-IL, spurred a detailed study of the full-length genomes of additional TYLCV field isolates and an in-depth analysis of phylogenetic relationships, extent of recombination, and genetic variability of TYLCV isolates within Iran and throughout the ...
Eyre David W DW Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Oxford Biomedical Research Centre, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom. - - 2013
It has been thought that Clostridium difficile infection is transmitted predominantly within health care settings. However, endemic spread has hampered identification of precise sources of infection and the assessment of the efficacy of interventions. From September 2007 through March 2011, we performed whole-genome sequencing on isolates obtained from all symptomatic ...
Raudenska Martina - - 2013
Metallothioneins (MTs) are a class of metal-binding proteins characterized by a high cysteine content and low molecular weight. MTs play an important role in metal metabolism and protect cells against the toxic effects of radiation, alkylating agents and oxygen free radicals. The evidence that individual genetic characteristics of MTs play ...
Nicolas Camille - - 2013
C3 glomerulopathy (C3G) is characterized by predominant C3 deposits in glomeruli and dysregulation of the alternative pathway of complement. Half of C3G patients have a C3 nephritic factor (C3NeF). C3G incorporated entities with a range of features on microscopy including dense deposit diseases (DDD) and C3 glomerulonephritis (C3GN). The aim ...
Nan Jun - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the genetic polymorphism in the promoter of the SLC6A4 gene encoding the serotonin transporter (5-HTT) and the sensitivity to noxious stimulation from a clinical perspective. The genotyping of the 217 outpatients with mild epidermal abrasion in lateral crural region ...
Frey Stefan - - 2013
The full genome sequences of three tick-borne encephalitis virus strains, two isolated from Ixodes ricinus ticks and one from the brain of a bank vole, Myodes glareolus, originating from the Slovak Republic were determined. Nucleotide sequences were found to be very similar (>99.5 % nt-identity) with only one distinct amino acid ...
Anota E Chigo - - 2013
The density functional theory has been applied to investigate the structural and electronic properties of single-wall boron nitride nanotubes (SW-BNNT) of (5,5) chirality, with surface and ends functionalized by the drug levothyroxine (C15H11NI4O4). The exchange-correlation energies have been modeled according to the Hamprecht-Cohen-Tozer-Handy functional within the generalized gradient approximation (HCTH-GGA) ...
Goey Andrew K L - - 2013
St John's wort (SJW), a herbal antidepressant, is commonly used by cancer patients, and its component hyperforin is a known inducer of the cytochrome P450 (CYP) isoenzyme 3A4. Here, the potential pharmacokinetic interaction between SJW and the sensitive CYP3A4 substrate docetaxel was investigated. In ten evaluable cancer patients, the pharmacokinetics of ...
Cheng Junzhang - - 2013
To investigate the therapeutic efficacy of sustained low-efficiency dialysis (SLED) in severe snakebite patients. Fifteen patients of severe snakebite was treated with SLED from July 2005 to August 2009 were included in the study. Central venous access was established in all patients. SLED was administered using Dialog(+) dialyzer (B. Braun, ...
Zheng Ming-Gang - - 2013
A novel cDNA gene, NgLACS, that encodes a long-chain acyl-CoA sythetase (LACS), was cloned from Nannochloropsis gaditana and characterized. The cDNA was 2,360 bp in length, consisting of an ORF of 1,950 bp, a 5'-untranslated region of 88 bp and a 3'-untranslated region of 322 bp. The deduced amino acid sequence of LACS was ...
Li C - - 2013
Fetal and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FNAIT) is a life-threatening bleeding disorder caused by maternal antibodies against fetal/neonatal platelets. FNAIT is also linked with miscarriages, although the incidence and mechanisms of fetal death have not been well studied. IntegrinαIIbβ3 (GPIIbIIIa) and the GPIbα complex are major glycoproteins expressed on platelets and ...
Liu G - - 2013
A drinking water distribution system (DWDS) is the final and essential step to supply safe and high-quality drinking water to customers. Biological processes, such as biofilm formation and detachment, microbial growth in bulk water, and the formation of loose deposits, may occur. These processes will lead to deterioration of the ...
Xian Lihong - - 2013
Abscisic acid (ABA) is an important stress phytohormone that plays an essential role in mediating the signaling networks associated with plant responses to various abiotic stresses. In the present study, we isolated a gene CrNCED1 encoding the rate-limiting enzyme of ABA synthesis, 9-cis-epoxycarotenoid dioxygenase (NCED), from Citrus reshni. Expression patterns ...
Devi Ngangom Nganbi - - 2013
The acute toxicity of endosulfan to the tadpoles of three coexisting species of the anuran genus Fejervarya revealed 96 h LC50 values of 46.715, 6.596, and 3.015 μg l(-1) for Fejervarya sp.1, F. teraiensis and Fejervarya sp.2, respectively. Toxicity of endosulfan was also tested at the sublethal concentrations of 5 and 0.5, and ...
Tingle John - - 2013
John Tingle, welcomes much of Professor Don Berwick's review in the aftermath of the Mid Staffordshire Hospital scandal as thoughtful and reflective, but says one key recommendation-to create criminal sanctions against health staff-will not make the NHS safer for patients.
Xu Yuanyuan - - 2013
Accumulating data suggest arsenic may be an endocrine disruptor and tentatively linked to breast cancer by some studies. Therefore, we tested the effects of chronic inorganic arsenic exposure on the normal estrogen receptor (ER)-negative breast epithelial cell line, MCF-10A. Cells were chronically exposed to a low-level arsenite (500 nM) for up ...
Sun Matthew Z - - 2013
Choroid plexus carcinoma (CPC) is a World Health Organization (WHO) grade III brain tumor with a poor prognosis that occurs mainly in children. Gross total resection of CPC is highly recommended and is associated with improved overall survival, although it is often associated with increased morbidity. The use of adjuvant ...
Tinazzi Michele - - 2013
Quantifying the number of publications is the easiest way to estimate the scientific production of a country in any scientific field. The aim of this article is to provide information about the scientific production from 2008 to 2011 of Italian neurologists and to compare it with scientific production data of ...
Morandi Stefano - - 2013
Genotypic and technological properties, antibiotic susceptibility and antimicrobial activity of 35 Leuconostoc strains, isolated from different Italian raw milk cheeses, were investigated. RAPD-PCR was used to study genetic variability and to distinguish closely related strains. The results showed a high degree of heterogeneity among isolates. All the strains had weak ...
Cáceres Manuel - - 2013
Oxidation of methane by methanotrophs, Methylomicrobium album and Methylocystis sp., was measured at several initial concentrations of H2S and NH3 in the headspace of stoppered flasks, at the same initial concentration of methane as sole carbon and energy source: 15 % (v/v). No effect was observed at 0.01 % (v/v) H2S and ...
Zhang Rui - - 2013
Tilapia is an important freshwater aquaculture species worldwide. In recent years, streptococcal diseases have severely threatened development of tilapia aquaculture, while effective prevention and control methods have not yet been established. In order to understand the immunological response of tilapia to infection by Streptococcus agalactiae (S. agalactiae), this study employed ...
Griffin William C 3rd Charleston Alcohol Research Center, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, - - 2014
Using a well-established model of ethanol dependence and relapse, this study examined adaptations in glutamatergic transmission in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) and their role in regulating voluntary ethanol drinking. Mice were first trained to drink ethanol in a free-choice, limited access (2 h/day) paradigm. One group (EtOH mice) received repeated weekly ...
Renard Dimitri - - 2013
Only one large series using statistical parametric mapping (SPM) reports on FDG-PET in sporadic (Heidenhain and non-Heidenhain variant) Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD), describing hypometabolism in bilateral parietal, frontal, and occipital cortices. Our aim was to study FDG-PET in non-Heidenhain probable sCJD patients in order to assess the most pertinent FDG-PET pattern, ...
Mori Atsushi - - 2013
Muscle wasting is common and insidious in end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Loss of muscle quantity and quality reduces quality of life and increases mortality in ESRD patients. Additionally, secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) causes muscle atrophy. Meanwhile, vitamin D, which is used for SHPT treatment, plays an essential role in muscle growth. ...
Gero Daniel - - 2013
Gastric banding still represents one of the most widely used bariatric procedures. It provides acceptable weight loss in many patients, but has frequent long-term complications. Because different types of bands may lead to different results, we designed a randomized study to compare the Lapband® with the SAGB®. We hereby report ...
Robson Wayne - - 2013
Patient safety is a key priority for all healthcare systems, and there is growing recognition for the need to educate tomorrow's nurses about the role of human factors in reducing avoidable harm to patients. A pilot survey was sent to 20 schools of nursing in England to explore the teaching ...
El Hadri Hind - - 2013
The methodological approach used to robustly optimize the characterization of the polydisperse colloidal phase of drain water samples is presented. The approach is based on asymmetric flow field-flow fractionation coupled to online ultraviolet/visible spectrophotometry, multi-angle light scattering, and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Operating factors such as the amount of ...
Kim Sewha - - 2013
This study aimed to investigate the associations between the expression of redox-related proteins which regulate reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and the histologic factors in phyllodes tumor (PT). We used tissue microarrays to analyze 193 PTs and performed immunohistochemical staining against five redox-related proteins including catalase, thioredoxin reductase (TxNR), glutathione ...
Wright L K - - 2013
The effects of flow rate and temperature on the performance of a microscale gas chromatographic (μGC) detector consisting of a chemiresistor (CR) array coated with different thiolate-monolayer-protected gold nanoparticles (MPNs) are described with respect to the analysis of three gas-phase markers of the explosive trinitrotoluene (TNT): 2,4-dinitrotoluene (2,4-DNT), 2,6-dinitrotoluene (2,6-DNT), ...
Peck Robert N - - 2013
Among African-Americans adults, arterial hypertension is both more prevalent and associated with more complications than among white adults. Hypertension is also epidemic among black adults in sub-Saharan Africa. The treatment of hypertension among black adults may be complicated by lesser response to certain classes of anti-hypertensive agents. We systematically searched ...
Mansouri Kaweh K Hamilton Glaucoma Center and the Shiley Eye Center, Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, USA, - - 2013
To estimate global rates of glaucoma surgery. National glaucoma and national ophthalmology societies were contacted to obtain rates of glaucoma surgery for the preceding 5 years. In countries without a professional society, leading ophthalmologists or non-governmental organizations (NGO) were approached. When available, published literature was used for the estimates. Three ...
Lee Michael W - - 2013
Nucleoside analogs have been frequently used in combination with radiotherapy in the clinical setting, as it has long been understood that inhibition of DNA repair pathways is an important means by which many nucleoside analogs synergize. Recent advances in our understanding of the structure and function of deoxycytidine kinase (dCK), ...
Wu Minghua - - 2013
Abnormal QT prolongation in diabetic patients has become a clinical problem because it increases the risk of lethal ventricular arrhythmia. In an animal model of type 1 diabetes mellitus, several ion currents, including the slowly activating delayed rectifier potassium current (IKs), are altered. The IKs channel is composed of KCNQ1 ...
Tivnan Amanda - - 2013
Reduced levels of specific microRNA in cancer are frequently reported and associated with attenuated cancer genes and associated pathways. We previously reported a loss of miR-124a in glioblastoma (GBM) patient specimens; however, the upstream causes of this loss are largely unknown. Loss of miR-124a has been attributed to hypermethylation while ...
Wang Jialu - - 2013
A simple and highly efficient technique for the analysis of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) subspecies in human plasma is described. The streamlined sample preparation protocol furnishes the five major LPA subspecies with excellent recoveries. Extensive analysis of the enriched sample reveals only trace levels of other phospholipids. This level of purity ...
Gao Hui - - 2013
Hispidulin is a flavonoid compound which is an active ingredient in a number of traditional Chinese medicinal herbs. However, it's therapeutic activity remains poorly understood. The present study investigated the pro-apoptotic effects and mechanism by which Hispidulin induces apoptosis in human hepatoblastoma cancer (HepG2) cells. The results showed that Hispidulin ...
Coban Burak - - 2013
Two new water-soluble pip and hpip analogs, 1 and 2 pip = 2-phenylimidazo[4,5-f][1, 10]phenanthroline; hpip = 2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)imidazo[4,5-f][1, 10]phenanthroline, have been synthesized and fully characterized by CHN analysis, MALDI-TOF MS, (1)H-NMR, IR (ATR), and UV-Vis methods. The DNA-binding behaviors of both compounds have been studied by viscosity measurements, spectroscopic methods, and ...
Mironov Alexander A - - 2013
The transport of proteins and lipids is one of the main cellular functions. The vesicular model, compartment (or cisterna) maturation model, and the diffusion model compete with each other for the right to be the paradigm within the field of the intra-Golgi transport. These models have significant difficulties explaining the ...
Tang Wei-Xiang - - 2013
Live ischemia-reperfusion injury is associated with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-induced apoptosis. Activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α (PPARα) may inhibit hepatocyte apoptosis induced by oxidative stress and protect against liver injury. This study aimed to investigate the effects of PPARα activation, through a specific agonist, on ER stress-induced apoptosis in human ...
Sun Liping - - 2013
Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging infectious disease caused by SFTS virus (SFTSV) with a high fatality rate. But the immunofunction was still unclear. The objective of our study was to assess the immunofunction in SFTS patients. Immunofunction test with flow cytometry which contains CD3+, CD4+ and ...
Moore William B - - 2013
The heat transport and lithospheric dynamics of early Earth are currently explained by plate tectonic and vertical tectonic models, but these do not offer a global synthesis consistent with the geologic record. Here we use numerical simulations and comparison with the geologic record to explore a heat-pipe model in which ...
Berger P - - 2013
Participants of the Second International Workshop (WS) on human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) of the International Society of Oncology and Biomarkers Tissue Differentiation 7 (ISOBM TD-7) have characterized in detail a panel of 69 antibodies (Abs) directed against hCG and hCG-related variants that were submitted by eight companies and research groups. ...
Seyed Saadat Seyed Mohammad - - 2013
Although CDH is a major health care problem encountered in headache clinics, our knowledge about the epidemiological features of CDH is limited in developing countries. The objective of this study was to survey the frequency and clinical features of chronic daily headache (CDH) and its subtypes among Iranian population presenting ...
Yamaguchi Fuminori - - 2013
Suramin is an activator of ryanodine receptors and competitively binds to the calmodulin-binding site. In addition, S100A1 and calmodulin compete for the same binding site on ryanodine receptors. We therefore studied the effects of suramin on protein phosphatase 5 (PP5) and S100-activated PP5. In the absence of S100 proteins, suramin ...
Jensen Janni M - - 2013
The renal distal nephron plays an important role in the maintenance of sodium balance, extra cellular volume and blood pressure. The degree of water transport, via aquaporin2 water channels (AQP2), and sodium transport, via epithelial sodium channels (ENaC) in renal collecting duct principal cells are reflected by the level of ...
Strowitzki Thomas - - 2013
In vitro maturation is a technique of assisted reproduction which in contrast to standard IVF or ICSI almost fully avoids hormonal stimulation. Immature oocytes will be fully matured in vitro within 24 h after oocyte collection. The method was introduced in the early nineties and is indicated in patients at high ...
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