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Papitto A - - 2013
It is thought that neutron stars in low-mass binary systems can accrete matter and angular momentum from the companion star and be spun-up to millisecond rotational periods. During the accretion stage, the system is called a low-mass X-ray binary, and bright X-ray emission is observed. When the rate of mass ...
Shulaker Max M - - 2013
The miniaturization of electronic devices has been the principal driving force behind the semiconductor industry, and has brought about major improvements in computational power and energy efficiency. Although advances with silicon-based electronics continue to be made, alternative technologies are being explored. Digital circuits based on transistors fabricated from carbon nanotubes ...
Crowe Sean A - - 2013
It is widely assumed that atmospheric oxygen concentrations remained persistently low (less than 10(-5) times present levels) for about the first 2 billion years of Earth's history. The first long-term oxygenation of the atmosphere is thought to have taken place around 2.3 billion years ago, during the Great Oxidation Event. ...
Vidall Cheryl - - 2013
Aims: This article reviews the efficacy and place in therapy of dexrazoxane (Savene®) for the treatment of anthracycline extravasation, highlighting the lack of inclusion of Savene in most UK cancer network and organisational treatment guidelines. Here we offer advice to nurses on making a case to ensure the availability of ...
Harmer Victoria - - 2013
Someone diagnosed with advanced breast cancer (ABC) essentially refers to a person who will not be cured from their disease.
Adams Debra - - 2013
Sharps injuries pose a serious threat to health professionals, patients, and downstream workers. FIT4Safety is an initiative that seeks to promote safety and best practice in the diabetes setting. An Introduction to FIT4Safety and its Recommendations for the Safety of Sharps in the Diabetes Care Setting explains how and why ...
Louise Hulse Anna - - 2013
This article explores and critically evaluates clinical practice competencies as a form of assessment within post-registration nurse education, specifically relating to competence assessment of intravenous (IV) therapy. In the first article in this two-part series, 'Competency assessment in intravenous therapy and vascular access: part 1' (BJN, 22(16)), an in-depth literature ...
Palmer Deborah - - 2013
Early diagnosis and initiation of therapy has become a primary objective in clinical rheumatology. As psoriatic arthritis causes deformities and joint damage leading to impaired quality of life and function as well as increased mortality risk, there was an urgent call for action aiming at inducing remission of the active ...
Edgar Lynne - - 2013
Despite the efficacy of mammography and the widespread promotion of screening programmes, a significant number of eligible women still do not attend for regular breast screening. An integrative review methodology was considered the most appropriate means to critically analyse the available literature pertaining to factors which influence participation in breast ...
Tingle John - - 2013
John Tingle, welcomes much of Professor Don Berwick's review in the aftermath of the Mid Staffordshire Hospital scandal as thoughtful and reflective, but says one key recommendation-to create criminal sanctions against health staff-will not make the NHS safer for patients.
Fowler John - - 2013
This series will help you examine how clinical supervision can be used to advance your practice, whether you are a staff nurse or a nurse consultant.
Ross Fiona - - 2013
The Government is investing in integrated care to progress its ambitions for joined-up and effective services that support independence and are offered in people's homes or close by.
Glasper Alan - - 2013
Professor Alan Glasper discusses the implications of the independent review into healthcare assistants (HCAs) and support workers in the NHS and social care settings undertaken by Camilla Cavendish, associate editor of The Times newspaper.
El Hadri Hind - - 2013
The methodological approach used to robustly optimize the characterization of the polydisperse colloidal phase of drain water samples is presented. The approach is based on asymmetric flow field-flow fractionation coupled to online ultraviolet/visible spectrophotometry, multi-angle light scattering, and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Operating factors such as the amount of ...
Eibak Lars Erik Eng - - 2013
This paper describes the concept of parallel electromembrane extraction (Pa-EME) with flat membranes in a multiwell format for the first time. The setup is based on a multiwell plate and provided simultaneous and selective isolation, cleanup, and enrichment of several human plasma samples as well as LC-MS-compatible extracts within 8 min ...
Noreen Razia - - 2013
Evidence has recently emerged that solid and diffuse tumors produce a specific extracellular matrix (ECM) for division and diffusion, also developing a specific interface with microvasculature. This ECM is mainly composed of collagens and their scaffolding appears to drive tumor growth. Although collagens are not easily analyzable by UV-fluorescence means, ...
Sheikh S - - 2013
Poisonings from lamp oil ingestion continue to occur worldwide among the pediatric population despite preventive measures such as restricted sale of colored and scented lamp oils. This suggests that optimal prevention practices for unintentional pediatric exposures to lamp oil have yet to be identified and/or properly implemented. Objective. To characterize ...
Hu Chong - - 2013
Signal generation and amplification based on nanomaterials and microfluidic techniques have both attracted considerable attention separately due to the demands for ultrasensitive and high-throughput detection of biomolecules. This article reviews the latest development of signal amplification strategies based on nanoparticles for bioanalysis and their integration and applications in microfluidic systems. ...
Sutradhar Manas - - 2013
Three new tetranuclear copper(ii) complexes [Cu(HL(1))]4·4EtOH (·4EtOH), [Cu(HL(2))]4 () and [Cu(H2L(3))]4(NO3)4·2H2O (·2H2O) have been synthesized using three different hydrazone Schiff base ligands derived from the condensation of the aromatic acid hydrazides 2-hydroxybenzo-, 2-aminobenzo- or benzo-hydrazide, with 2,3-dihydroxybenzaldehyde. Complexes and have been characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The coordinating ...
Angioli Roberto - - 2013
To date, no good marker for endometrial cancer (EC) that may be routinely used in clinical practice for diagnosis, prognosis and monitoring is available; besides the use of tumour markers is not recommended by international guidelines. However, during the last years, an increasing interest in literature has been growing on ...
Fu Yingjv - - 2013
The relationship between the vitamin D receptor (VDR) polymorphisms and the susceptibility to lung cancer remains unclear. The present meta-analysis was performed to estimate the polymorphisms of VDR and lung cancer risk. The pooled odds ratios (ORs) and corresponding 95 % confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. Subgroup analysis by smoking status ...
Cao Weiguo - - 2013
The purposes of this study were to determine the expression profiles of microRNA-34a (miR-34a) in human gastric cancer cell line (SGC-7901) and cisplatin-resistant cell lines (SGC-7901/DDP), and to establish the correlation between miR-34a expression profile and the sensitivity of human gastric cancer cell to cisplatin-based pattern, thereby providing new methods ...
Köster M - - 2013
There is little clinical data available about seizure rates in psychiatric inpatients, and there are no studies with reference data to the frequencies of antidepressant (AD) use for this important clinical population. This study investigates seizure rates during AD treatment in psychiatric inpatient settings, drawn from the transnational pharmacovigilance programme ...
Renneberg Babette - - 2013
The aim of this study was to identify the long-term quality of life after severe burn injury. In a prospective longitudinal design, N = 265 burn patients were examined 6, 12, 24, and 36 months after burn injury. A multilevel approach was used to measure stability and change in self-reported health status. Besides ...
Malijevský Alexandr - - 2013
The wetting and filling properties of a fluid adsorbed on a solid grooved substrate are studied by means of a microscopic density functional theory. The grooved substrates are modelled using a solid slab, interacting with the fluid particles via long-range dispersion forces, to which a one-dimensional array of infinitely long ...
Liu Yue - - 2013
Many studies have demonstrated that the properties of enzymes expressed in eukaryotes can be affected by the position and extent of glycosylation on enzyme. In this study, two potential glycosylation sites (the 8th and the 58th asparagine) were identified and the effect of propeptide glycosylation on Rhizomucor miehei lipase (RML) ...
Hsiao Kuo-Jui - - 2013
The CIGS solar cell is one of the most promising photovoltaic devices due to the achievement of the highest conversion efficiency (>20%) among all thin-film solar cells. The CIGS cell has a glass/Mo/CIGS/CdS/TCO configuration, and the CIGS-Mo interface is a Schottky barrier to holes. During the sulfurization-after-selenization (SAS) CIGS formation ...
Honney Katie - - 2013
The clinical problems and needs of our oldest old (≥85 years) are often substantially different from those of younger patients, and are arguably different from younger elderly patients (age 65-84). With the increasing number of frail oldest olds residing in Nursing Homes (NH), we aim to identify differences in prognostic indicators ...
Martins Regina Helena Garcia - - 2013
Presbyphonia is a physiological process of aging voice that includes morphological changes in the coverage mucosa, muscle, and cartilage. We revised the morphological, endoscopic, and vocal acoustic changes that occur in presbyphonia and discussed some treatments proposed to minimize glottal incompetence and improve vocal performance of the elderly.
Romero-Rojas Alfredo E - - 2013
Thyroid follicular neoplasms with signet ring cell morphology represent a challenging cytological and histopathologic diagnosis. The low frequency of these neoplasms and their broad differential diagnosis contribute to this difficult scenario. Here, we present an exceptionally rare case of thyroid follicular carcinoma with signet ring cell morphology in a 62-year-old ...
Huang Kang - - 2013
For the first time, a ZIF-8 membrane was grown on the inner surface of a ceramic hollow fiber via cycling precursors. The inner-side hollow fiber ZIF-8 membrane exhibits good performance for recovering hydrogen.
Tao Meng-Hua - - 2013
Physical activity both before and after breast cancer diagnosis has been associated with improved survival. However, it is not clear whether this association differs by molecular features of the tumor or by recency of the physical activity to the time of diagnosis. We examined the association of prediagnostic physical activity ...
Al-Magableh Mohammad R - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine the ability of H2S, released from NaHS to protect vascular endothelial function under conditions of acute oxidative stress by scavenging superoxide anions (O2 (-)) and suppressing vascular superoxide anion production. O2 (-) was generated in Krebs' solution by reacting hypoxanthine with xanthine ...
Dungchai Wijitar - - 2013
Airborne particulate matter (PM) pollution significantly impacts human health, but the cellular mechanisms of PM-induced toxicity remain poorly understood. A leading hypothesis on the effects of inhaled PM involves the generation of cellular oxidative stress. To investigate PM-induced oxidative stress, analytical methods have been developed to study the chemical oxidation ...
Magalhães Manuel - - 2013
Objectives: This publication aims to report the cases of four children with pseudoaneurysm of the mitral-aortic intervalvular fibrosa and carry out a review of the literature. Background: Pseudoaneurysm of the mitral-aortic intervalvular fibrosa is a very rare anomaly in children. It can be either congenital or acquired, namely, after bacterial ...
Liu Biwu - - 2013
Many homogeneous assays are complicated by the adsorption of probe molecules by the surface of reaction vessels, which are often made of polypropylene or polystyrene-based plastics. To solve this problem, many protein and surfactant-based blocking agents are used. However, these blockers may interfere with intended assays by sequestering transition metal ...
Xia Zhiguo - - 2013
The substituted activator ions Eu(2+) in the β-Ca3(PO4)2-type structure, Ca9NaMg(PO4)7 compound, have been studied as emission centers, as well as structural probes. The crystal structure and crystallographic sites of Eu(2+) in Ca9NaMg(PO4)7 have been identified by Rietveld refinements, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy analysis and combined photoluminescence spectral analysis, respectively. ...
Chen Wenfeng - - 2013
H was intentionally incorporated into as-deposited ZnO films by plasma exposure treatment. The resistivity of ZnO films was reduced to the order of 10(-3) Ω cm after H plasma treatment, and high conductive stability was identified using a post-annealing process. To find an explanation for the stable conductivity, first-principle calculation ...
Guo Honglei - - 2013
The glucose-responsive nanocapsules [CS-NAC/p(GAMA-r-AAPBA)] were readily fabricated with modified chitosan (CS-NAC) and random glycopolymer poly(D-gluconamidoethyl methacrylate-r-3-acrylamidophenylboronic acid) p(GAMA-r-AAPBA) as the alternant multilayered polyelectrolyte hybrid shell via layer-by-layer self-assembly after etching the amino functionalized SiO2 spheres by NH4F/HF. The spherical and hollow structure of nanocapsules was confirmed by TEM analysis and ...
Rodrigues Danieli C - - 2013
Two-solution bone cement consisting of poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) brushes in methyl methacrylate has been developed as an alternative to the traditional two-solution (TSBC) and powder-liquid cements. It was hypothesized that the substitution of brushes, for the entire pre-polymer phase of the cement, would permit a decrease in solution viscosity ...
Lorber V - - 2013
Due to their mechanical properties, there has been growing interest in poly-ether-ether-ketone (PEEK) and its composites as bearing material in total and unicompartmental knee arthroplasty. The aim of this study was to analyze the biological activity of wear particles of two different (pitch and PAN) carbon-fiber-reinforced- (CFR-) PEEK varieties in ...
Damoiseaux Jan - - 2013
Cryoglobulins are immunoglobulins that reversibly precipitate in the cold. They come in different flavours and, as such, are differentially associated with lymphoproliferative diseases (type I), or systemic autoimmune diseases, and/or infectious diseases (type II/III). The clinical manifestations of cryoglobulinaemia result from either hyper-viscosity or small vessel vasculitis. Hepatitis C virus ...
Andreopoulou Eleni - - 2013
Tipifarnib (T) is a farnesyl transferase inhibitor (FTI) that enhances the antineoplastic effects of cytotoxic therapy in vitro, has activity in metastatic breast cancer, and enhances the pathologic complete response (pCR) rate to neoadjuvant doxorubicin-cyclophosphamide (AC) chemotherapy. We, therefore, performed a phase I-II trial of T plus neoadjuvant sequential weekly ...
Kim Sewha - - 2013
This study aimed to investigate the associations between the expression of redox-related proteins which regulate reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and the histologic factors in phyllodes tumor (PT). We used tissue microarrays to analyze 193 PTs and performed immunohistochemical staining against five redox-related proteins including catalase, thioredoxin reductase (TxNR), glutathione ...
Elgaml Abdelaziz - - 2013
Vibrio vulnificus is a halophilic estuarine bacterium while it causes fatal septicemia or necrotizing wound infections in humans. This pathogen secretes the metalloprotease (V. vulnificus protease: VVP) and the cytolysin (V. vulnificus hemolysin: VVH) as protein toxins; however, their production was coordinated in response to the bacterial cell density. This ...
Park Eun-Jung - - 2013
Iron oxide nanoparticles (FeNPs) are known to be one of the most biocompatible and safe nanoparticles. However, their long-term persistence remains a problem, and macrophages play as an important mediator in continuous stimulation of the immune system due to biopersistence of nanoparticles. In the present study, we identified the mechanisms ...
Xu Yuanyuan - - 2013
Accumulating data suggest arsenic may be an endocrine disruptor and tentatively linked to breast cancer by some studies. Therefore, we tested the effects of chronic inorganic arsenic exposure on the normal estrogen receptor (ER)-negative breast epithelial cell line, MCF-10A. Cells were chronically exposed to a low-level arsenite (500 nM) for up ...
Kumar Ashutosh - - 2013
Nanoscience and nanotechnology have seen an exponential growth over the past decade largely due to the unique properties of engineered nanoparticles (ENPs), advances in ENP synthesis, and imaging or analysis tools. The unique properties such as high surface area to volume ratio, abundant reactive sites on the surface, large fraction ...
Srivastava Alok Kumar - - 2013
The indigenous fungal flora of three oil refinery contaminated sites (Bharuch, Valsad and Vadodara) of India has been documented in the present investigation. A total seventy-five fungal morphotypes were isolated from these sites and out of them, only fifteen isolates were capable of utilizing ethanol (0-8 %; v:v) as a sole ...
Sahilah A M - - 2013
Genomic DNA of Vibrio parahaemolyticus were characterized by antibiotic resistance, enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus-polymerase chain reaction (ERIC-PCR) and random amplified polymorphic DNA-polymerase chain reaction (RAPD-PCR) analysis. These isolates originated from 3 distantly locations of Selangor, Negeri Sembilan and Melaka (East coastal areas), Malaysia. A total of 44 (n = 44) of tentatively ...
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