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Results 201 - 250 of 2680
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Rocha Gustavo - - 2013
A retrospective chart review of 18 nonvaccinated newborns and infants admitted to 6 intensive care units in the north of Portugal between 2007 and 2012 revealed a high rate of admissions in 2012 along with significant rates of severe pulmonary hypertension and mortality. Hyperleukocytosis was significantly associated with a more ...
Pradhan Chinmay - - 2013
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1007/s12298-012-0120-z.].
Wierman Jennifer L - - 2013
The overall signal-to-noise ratio per unit dose for X-ray diffraction data from protein crystals can be improved by reducing the mass and density of all material surrounding the crystals. This article demonstrates a path towards the practical ultimate in background reduction by use of atomically thin graphene sheets as a ...
Jongsukswat Sukswat - - 2013
In X-ray interference fringes accompanied by mirage diffraction, variations have been observed in the spacing and position of the fringes from a plane-parallel Si single crystal fixed at one end as a function of distance from the incident plane of the X-rays to the free crystal end. The variations can ...
Stefenelli Mario - - 2013
Novel scanning synchrotron cross-sectional nanobeam and conventional laboratory as well as synchrotron Laplace X-ray diffraction methods are used to characterize residual stresses in exemplary 11.5 µm-thick TiN coatings. Both real and Laplace space approaches reveal a homogeneous tensile stress state and a very pronounced compressive stress gradient in as-deposited and blasted ...
Kanaki Kalliopi - - 2013
Errors in the paper by Kanaki, Jackson, Hall-Wilton, Piscitelli, Kirstein & Andersen [J. Appl. Cryst. (2013), 46, 1031-1037] are corrected.[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1107/S0021889813011862.].
Hart Michael L - - 2013
A complete calibration method to characterize a static planar two-dimensional detector for use in X-ray diffraction at an arbitrary wavelength is described. This method is based upon geometry describing the point of intersection between a cone's axis and its elliptical conic section. This point of intersection is neither the ellipse ...
Porebski Benjamin T - - 2013
In structural biology, management of a large number of Protein Data Bank (PDB) files and raw X-ray diffraction images often presents a major organizational problem. Existing software packages that manipulate these file types were not designed for these kinds of file-management tasks. This is typically encountered when browsing through a ...
Spicer Erin E From the Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont. and the Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, North York General Hospital, Toronto, - - 2013
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a common surgical treatment for arthritis. In the event of bilateral knee symptoms, a patient may elect for bilateral TKA (BTKA) under 1 anesthetic or 2 separate unilateral TKAs (UTKA). Controversy exists in the literature regarding the safety of BTKA versus UTKA. We compared the ...
Mazzoleni Stefano S From The BioRobotics Institute, Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Pisa, Italy (SM, MCC); Department of Neurorehabilitation, IRCCS San Raffaele Pisana, Rome, Italy (PS, MF); and Neurological Rehabilitation and Brain Injury Unit, Auxilium Vitae Rehabilitation Center, Volterra, Italy (MT, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare motor recovery in subacute and chronic stroke patients through clinical assessment scales and a set of kinematic parameters recorded using a robotic system. Fifty post-stroke patients, 25 subacute and 25 chronic, and 20 healthy subjects participated in this study. The InMotion 2.0 ...
Tamburella Federica F From the Clinical and Research Movement Analysis Laboratory, Spinal Cord Unit, Fondazione Santa Lucia, Rome, - - 2013
Although no data are available on the effects of water environment on the gait of subjects with spinal cord injury (SCI), hydrotherapy is used in the rehabilitation protocols of SCI patients. The aim of this study was to characterize gait features of subjects with incomplete SCI walking in water and ...
Bragoni Maura M From the Fondazione Santa Lucia, IRCCS, Rome, Italy (M. Bragoni, M. Broccoli, DDA, VV, PC, LP, G. Mezzetti, SP); and Clinical Laboratory of Experimental Neurorehabilitation, Fondazione Santa Lucia, IRCCS, Rome, Italy (MI, G. Morone, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate whether the rehabilitation outcomes with robotic-aided gait therapy may be affected by patients' and caregivers' psychologic features after subacute stroke. This is a controlled, longitudinal, observational pilot study conducted on 42 patients divided in robotic-assisted gait training plus conventional physical therapy group, ...
Tang Xiwei - - 2013
Protein complexes are a cornerstone of many biological processes. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) data enable a number of computational methods for predicting protein complexes. However, the insufficiency of the PPI data significantly lowers the accuracy of computational methods. In the current work, the authors develop a novel method named clustering based ...
Schirmer Clemens M CM *Division of Neurosurgery, Baystate Medical Center, Springfield, Massachusetts; ‡Department of Neurosurgery, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts; §Department of Neurological Surgery, The Ohio State University Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio; ¶Section of Neurosurgery, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois; ‖Department of Neurologic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 2013
Virtual reality (VR) simulation-based technologies play an important role in neurosurgical resident training. The Congress of Neurological Surgeons (CNS) Simulation Committee developed a simulation-based curriculum incorporating VR simulators to train residents in the management of common neurosurgical disorders. To enhance neurosurgical resident training for ventriculostomy placement using simulation-based training. A ...
Wagers Brian B From the Division of Emergency Medicine, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, - - 2013
Adolescent dating violence (DV) is a growing problem in the United States. Identifying the most optimal venue for screening and determining risk factors for DV is important for treatment and prevention programs. The purposes of this study were to determine the prevalence of DV among male teens presenting to a ...
Gennotte A-F AF Division of Infectious Diseases, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire (CHU) Saint-Pierre, Brussels, - - 2013
To assess:1) if HIV screening with rapid tests in neighbourhoods with a substantial African community is feasible and acceptable among GPs and patients; 2) HIV seroprevalence. Multicenter prospective study with 10 trained physicians. Use of HIV standard test and INSTI Ultrarapid test. MSM, sex worker, multiple sexual partners, having returned ...
Stredney Don D *Department of Otolaryngology and §Department of Neurological Surgery, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio; ‡Ohio Supercomputer Center, Columbus, Ohio; ¶Department of Otolaryngology, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, - - 2013
Through previous efforts we have developed a fully virtual environment to provide procedural training of otologic surgical technique. The virtual environment is based on high-resolution volumetric data of the regional anatomy. These volumetric data help drive an interactive multisensory, ie, visual (stereo), aural (stereo), and tactile, simulation environment. Subsequently, we ...
Herrenkohl Todd I TI School of Social Work, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. Electronic address: - - 2013
To examine evidence of the continuity in abusive discipline across two generations (G1 and G2) and the role of safe, stable, and nurturing relationships (SSNRs) as protective factors. Data are from the Lehigh Longitudinal Study, a prospective investigation of the causes and consequences child maltreatment that began in the 1970s ...
Schofield Thomas J TJ Human Development and Family Studies, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa. Electronic address: - - 2013
The present paper summarizes findings of the special issue papers on the intergenerational continuity of child maltreatment and through meta-analysis explores the potential moderating effects of safe, stable, nurturing relationships (SSNRs). Studies were selected for inclusion in this meta-analysis if they (1) were published in peer-reviewed journals; (2) tested for ...
Nesheim Steven R SR From the *Emory University School of Medicine; †Epidemiology Branch, ‡Quantitative Sciences and Informatics Branch, Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; §Northrop Grumman Inc., Atlanta, GA; ¶Pediatric Adolescent Maternal AIDS Branch, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, MD; ‖Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; and **University of South Florida School of Medicine, Tampa, - - 2013
Little is known about immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in children in the United States. LEGACY is a longitudinal cohort study of HIV-infected participants 0-24 years at enrollment during 2005 to 2007 from 22 US clinics. For this analysis, we included participants with complete medical record abstraction from birth or time ...
Rice Mabel L ML From the *Speech, Language, Hearing Department, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS; †Center for Biostatistics in AIDS Research, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA; ‡Maternal and Pediatric Infectious Disease Branch, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD; §Bronx-Lebanon Hospital Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY; ¶Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Chicago, IL; ‖Epidemiology and Statistics Program, Division of Scientific Programs, National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD; **Department of Research Pediatrics, Maternal, Child and Adolescent Program for Infectious Diseases and Virology, Keck School of Medicine of USC, Los Angeles, CA; ††Department of Pediatrics, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA; and ‡‡National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, - - 2013
Combination antiretroviral (cARV) regimens are recommended for pregnant women with HIV to prevent perinatal HIV transmission. Safety is a concern for infants who were HIV-exposed but uninfected, particularly for neurodevelopmental problems, such as language delays. We studied late language emergence (LLE) in HIV-exposed but uninfected children enrolled in a US-based ...
Varela Miguel A MA Department of Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3QX, - - 2013
The most fundamental roles of non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) and epigenetic mechanisms are the guidance of cellular differentiation in development and the regulation of gene expression in adult tissues. In brain, both ncRNAs and the various epigenetic gene regulatory mechanisms play a fundamental role in neurogenesis and normal neuronal function. Thus, ...
Thornberry Terence P TP Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland. Electronic address: - - 2013
We examine two research questions. First, does a history of child maltreatment victimization significantly increase the likelihood of maltreatment perpetration during adulthood? Second, do safe, stable, and nurturing relationships (SSNRs) during early adulthood serve as direct protective factors, buffering protective factors, or both to interrupt intergenerational continuity in maltreating behaviors? ...
Powell Byron J BJ a George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University , St. Louis , Missouri , - - 2013
Implementation research has tremendous potential to bridge the research-practice gap; however, we know more about barriers to evidence-based care than the factors that contribute to the adoption and sustainability of evidence-based treatments. In this qualitative study the authors explore the experiences of clinicians (N = 11) who were implementing evidence-based ...
Dixon Cinnamon A CA From the Division of Emergency Medicine (C.A.D., W.J.P., E.M.M.-G.), and Center for Global Health, Department of Pediatrics (C.A.D.), Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, and Department of Emergency Medicine (K.W.H., C.J.L.), University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, - - 2013
This study aimed to determine the efficacy of a video-based dog bite prevention intervention at increasing child knowledge and describe any associated factors and to assess the acceptability of providing this intervention in a pediatric emergency department (PED). This cross-sectional, quasi-experimental study enrolled a convenience sample of 5-year-old to 9-year-old ...
Jaffee Sara R SR MRC Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, King's College London, London, United Kingdom; Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2013
To identify contextual and interpersonal factors that distinguish families in which the intergenerational transmission of maltreatment is maintained from families in which the cycle is broken. The sample was composed of 1,116 families in the United Kingdom who participated in the Environmental Risk (E-Risk) Longitudinal Twin Study. We assessed mother's ...
Wallick Jessica J Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Delaware , Newark, Delaware 19716, United - - 2013
Addition of selenium to the nickel(I) complex, [Ni(Me4[12]aneN4)(CO)]PF6, effects a redox reaction leading to the diselenido dinickel(II) complex, {[(Ni(Me4[12]aneN4)]2(Se2)}(PF6)2, in 70% crystalline yield. The product's structure features a μ-η(2):η(2)-Se2 ligand with Se-Se bond length of 2.379(13) Å. Upon mild heating, {[(Ni(Me4[12]aneN4)]2(μ-η(2):η(2)-Se2)}(PF6)2 oxidizes 9,10-dihydroanthracene or 1,4-cyclohexadiene forming the terminal hydroselenide, [Ni(Me4[12]aneN4)(SeH)]PF6, ...
Yokoyama Atsutoshi A Department of Bioinspired Science and Department of Chemistry and Nano Science, Ewha Womans University , Seoul 120-750, - - 2013
The reaction of an end-on Cr(III)-superoxo complex bearing a 14-membered tetraazamacrocyclic TMC ligand, [Cr(III)(14-TMC)(O2)(Cl)](+), with nitric oxide (NO) resulted in the generation of a stable Cr(IV)-oxo species, [Cr(IV)(14-TMC)(O)(Cl)](+), via the formation of a Cr(III)-peroxynitrite intermediate and homolytic O-O bond cleavage of the peroxynitrite ligand. Evidence for the latter comes from ...
- - 2013
Routine influenza vaccination of health-care personnel (HCP) every influenza season can reduce influenza-related illness and its potentially serious consequences among HCP and their patients. To protect HCP and their patients, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends that all HCP be vaccinated against influenza during each influenza season. To ...
- - 2013
Pregnant women and infants aged <6 months are at increased risk for influenza-related severe illness and hospitalization. Influenza vaccination of pregnant women has been shown to reduce the risk for illness in both mother and infant. To help protect pregnant women, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) and the ...
- - 2013
Electronic reporting of laboratory results to public health agencies can improve public health surveillance for reportable diseases and conditions by making reporting more timely and complete. Since 2010, CDC has provided funding to 57 state, local, and territorial health departments through the Epidemiology and Laboratory Capacity for Infectious Diseases cooperative ...
- - 2013
During August-September 2012, the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) was notified by the New York City Poison Control Center regarding three patients who experienced serious adverse events after anesthesia-assisted rapid opiate detoxification (AAROD) at a local outpatient clinic. All three patients required hospitalization, and one ...
- - 2013
The Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) was first reported to cause human infection in September 2012. In July 2013, the World Health Organization (WHO) International Health Regulations Emergency Committee determined that MERS-CoV did not meet criteria for a "public health emergency of international concern," but was nevertheless of "serious ...
- - 2013
On October 1, 2012, the Department of Defense (DoD) learned of a multistate outbreak of fungal meningitis in persons who received injections of methylprednisolone acetate (MPA) from a single compounding pharmacy. Ten patients with fungal meningitis after epidural steroid injection (ESI) were initially identified in Tennessee and North Carolina. No ...
- - 2013
This report augments guidelines published in 1990 for investigating clusters of health events (CDC. Guidelines for investigating clusters of health events. MMWR 1990;39[No. RR-11]). The 1990 Guidelines considered any noninfectious disease cluster, injuries, birth defects, and previously unrecognized syndromes or illnesses. These new guidelines focus on cancer clusters. State and ...
Werner N - - 2013
Clinical registries have become increasingly more important tools for scientists as well as for medical admission boards worldwide during recent years due to the ability to investigate the safety and efficacy of a therapeutic method in the general population under real world conditions. The clinical benefit of current registry data ...
Kounatiadis P - - 2013
Α 33-year-old woman was admitted to our clinic with electrocardiographic (ECG) manifestations of anterior ST-elevation myocardial infarction, dizziness, weakness, and feeling of oncoming collapse. She underwent coronary angiography that showed normal coronary arteries and an echocardiography study that showed reduced left ventricular contractility with diffuse hypokinesis and an estimated ejection ...
Birkmeier S - - 2013
This article gives an update on the management of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) according to guidelines released in 2012 by the European Society of Cardiology. To ensure a reliable diagnosis the updated universal definition of myocardial infarction will also be covered which is defined by myocardial necrosis. Criteria for ...
Stieler F - - 2013
The use of optical surface positioning to support or replace X-ray-based image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT) may reduce patient exposure to extra dose. In specifically designed phantom tests, we analyzed the potential of a new scanning device preclinically. The system's clinical performance was evaluated in comparison to cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) in ...
Zarrouk-Mahjoub S - - 2013
Mitochondria play critical roles in both the life and death of cardiac myocytes. Pathogenic mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations leading to mitochondrial dysfunction can cause cardiomyopathies (CMPs). Our aim was to investigate the underlying mitochondrial defect in a patient with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (hCMP). A detailed clinical and molecular genetic analysis was ...
Yildirim M N - - 2013
The slow coronary flow (SCF) phenomenon is characterized by slow progression of angiographic contrast medium in the coronary arteries in the absence of stenosis in the epicardial vessels. The pathophysiological mechanisms of SCF phenomenon remain uncertain. Several hypotheses, however, have been suggested for SCF phenomenon, including an early form of ...
Korkmaz L - - 2013
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relation between aortic valve sclerosis (AVS) and coronary artery lesion complexity as assessed using the SYNTAX score (SxScore) in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. A total of 164 patients with a first time diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome were consecutively enrolled. ...
Kranz J - - 2013
Urologists are often confronted with venereal and dermatological diseases during clinical evaluation of the external genitals. Dermatosis of the male genitalia ranges from infectious (viral and bacterial) lesions and inflammatory conditions to neoplastic alterations. There are also more general skin diseases (e.g. psoriasis) which occur as genital manifestations. In this ...
Zanetti M - - 2013
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) plays an important role in the diagnosis and differentiation of numerous shoulder abnormalities and chronic shoulder pain. Important indications for MRI are assessment of the rotator cuff and the labrocapsular complex. The assessment of the rotator cuff muscles is crucial. The value of MR arthrography is ...
Simmler R - - 2013
When applying the standard DIN V 6868-57 rule "acceptance testing for image display devices" it always comes to misunderstandings in the practical implementation. In a brief summary the most important requirements are presented. With the pending replacement of DIN V 6868-57 by DIN 6868-157 "acceptance and constancy tests of image ...
Kujath P - - 2013
Thromboprophylaxis in surgery patients is a combination of physical and medical thromboprophylaxis. The established mode of physical thromboprophylaxis in Germany is graduated compression stockings. Recent publications from various authors generally scrutinized the additional benefits of physical prophylaxis in patients who received medical thromboprophylaxis. A thorough search was carried out in ...
Horch R E - - 2013
Despite promising advances in antibiotic and surgical therapy osteomyelitis remians a severe disease with a high morbidity. Nowadays it occurs mainly after traumata. Typical clinical manifestations are signs of local infection, non-healing wounds, pathological fractures or loosening of orthopedic implants. Besides the clinical judgement the diagnosis is consolidated by imaging ...
Walsh Shannon M SM Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign , 600 South Mathews Avenue, Urbana, Illinois 61801, United - - 2013
We show that DNA catalysts (deoxyribozymes, DNA enzymes) can phosphorylate tyrosine residues of peptides. Using in vitro selection, we identified deoxyribozymes that transfer the γ-phosphoryl group from a 5'-triphosphorylated donor (a pppRNA oligonucleotide or GTP) to the tyrosine hydroxyl acceptor of a tethered hexapeptide. Tyrosine kinase deoxyribozymes that use pppRNA ...
Xiang Jifeng - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression and role of Grhl2 in gastric cancer. Immunohistochemistry was performed to explore the expression of Grhl2 in gastric cancer and surrounding non-tumor tissues. Moreover, the mRNA and protein expression level of Grhl2 in human immortalized gastric epithelial cell line GES-1 ...
Cheng Cheng - - 2013
Temperature fluctuation is a key determinant for microbial invasion and host evasion. In contrast to mammals that maintain constant body temperature, plant temperature oscillates on a daily basis. It remains elusive how plants operate inducible defenses in response to temperature fluctuation. Here we report that ambient temperature changes lead to ...
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