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Saggese Giuseppe - - 2013
Abstract The definition Small for Gestational Age (SGA) describes those newborns weighing and/or measuring in length <-2 SD than expected for their gestational age. These subjects are at higher risk of short stature, neonatal complications, alterations of glucose, lipid metabolism, body composition, bone metabolism and puberty, neurocognitive vulnerabilities and alterations ...
Burns F - - 2013
UK guidance recommends that acute medical admissions are offered an HIV test. Our aim was to determine whether a dedicated staff member using a multimedia tool, a model found effective in the USA, is an acceptable, feasible, and cost-effective model when translated to a UK setting. Over 4 months in ...
Tam Gary Hak Fui - - 2013
Discovery of gene regulatory network from gene expression data can yield a useful insight to drug development. Among the methods applied to time-series data, Granger causality (GC) has emerged as a powerful tool with several merits. Since gene expression data usually have a much larger number of genes than time ...
Douglas Emily M - - 2013
Previous research has established that child welfare workers lack important information about child maltreatment fatalities and risk factors leading to death. Further, training has not been associated with improvements in knowledge. The authors assessed the presence of evidence-based information about child maltreatment fatalities and risk factors for death in 24 ...
Newton Mel - - 2013
When older people fall it can result in injuries and adversely affect quality of life. People with visual impairment are at greater risk of falling. This article explores the risk of falling and preventive assessment in patients with visual impairment, whether they are in long-term care settings or living in ...
Barter Linda S - - 2013
Objective-To determine the cardiopulmonary effects of 3 doses of isoflurane, with and without controlled mechanical ventilation and noxious stimulation, in healthy adult New Zealand white rabbits. Animals-6 adult female rabbits. Procedures-Each rabbit was administered isoflurane in oxygen at each of 3 anesthetic doses (1.0, 1.5, or 2.0 times the published ...
Kiriazova Tk - - 2013
Late entry of HIV-positive persons into specialized care is a significant challenge to limiting the spread of the HIV epidemic. In 2008-2010, only 54% of 108 116 persons who tested HIV positive enrolled in care at AIDS Centers in Ukraine, and almost half of new AIDS cases are found in patients ...
Pan Jing Samantha - - 2013
From static blurry images, it is difficult to perceive objects because high spatial frequency details are filtered out. However, in the context of events (defined as objects in motion), motion generates optic flow, which provides a depth map of 3D layout and allows good event perception. Visual motion measurement uses ...
Menacho I - - 2013
The aim of the study was to compare prospectively indicator-condition (IC)-guided testing versus testing of those with non-indicator conditions (NICs) in four primary care centres (PCCs) in Barcelona, Spain. From October 2009 to February 2011, patients aged from 18 to 65 years old who attended a PCC for a new ...
Chung Jun Chul - - 2013
Despite the initial absolute or relative contraindication of laparoscopic surgery during pregnancy, in the last decade, laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) has been performed in pregnant women. But few studies compare the outcomes of LA compared with open appendectomy (OA). We investigated clinical outcomes to evaluate the safety and efficacy of LA ...
Fontalvo-Gómez Miriam - - 2013
Biodiesel was synthesized from different commercially available oils while in-line Raman and near-infrared (NIR) spectra were obtained simultaneously, and the spectral changes that occurred during the reaction were evaluated with principal component analysis (PCA). Raman and NIR spectra were acquired every 30 s with fiber optic probes inserted into the ...
Gennotte A-F AF Division of Infectious Diseases, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire (CHU) Saint-Pierre, Brussels, - - 2013
To assess:1) if HIV screening with rapid tests in neighbourhoods with a substantial African community is feasible and acceptable among GPs and patients; 2) HIV seroprevalence. Multicenter prospective study with 10 trained physicians. Use of HIV standard test and INSTI Ultrarapid test. MSM, sex worker, multiple sexual partners, having returned ...
Ray Wilson Z - - 2013
Surgical simulators are useful in many surgical disciplines to augment residency training. Duty hour restrictions and increasing emphasis on patient safety and attending oversight have changed neurosurgical education from the traditional apprenticeship model. The Congress of Neurological Surgeons Simulation Committee has been developing neurosurgical simulators for the purpose of enhancing ...
Sweet David G - - 2013
Abstract Surfactant whether given prophylactically in the delivery room or to babies with established respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) reduces the severity of RDS, incidence of air leaks and pneumothorax and, most importantly, neonatal death. Despite being the most intensively studied intervention in neonatal medicine, there is still debate among neonatologists ...
Chen Chien-Ming - - 2013
Microarray provides genome-wide transcript profiles, whereas RNA-seq is an alternative approach applied for transcript discovery and genome annotation. Both high-throughput techniques show quantitative measurement of gene expression. To explore differential gene expression rates and understand biological functions, the authors designed a system which utilises annotations from Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes ...
Alexander Karen - - 2013
Mothering and methadone can occur together with the right resources and support. Methadone mothers need to be seen in the context of their social risks and environment. Societal attitudes, social capital, and other contextual variables can be changed through policy. The purpose of this article is to describe the contextual ...
Almohideb Mohammad - - 2013
Background:Kaposi sarcoma (KS) is a cutaneous endothelial vascular proliferation with four subtypes: iatrogenic, acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) related, African, and classic. Familial cases of KS are rare, with 72 cases reported to date, and all were described with the classic variant. The occurrence of classic KS in the Jewish ...
- - 2013
WITH THE recent publication of the Francis report and focus on nurses' responsibility to raise concerns about and challenge poor practice, this book is timely. Although targeted specifically at nursing students with reference to the Nursing and Midwifery Council standards and essential skills clusters, it is relevant to all nurses ...
Nakano Rei - - 2013
Objective-To investigate the in vitro differentiation of canine bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) into functional, mature neurons. Sample-Bone marrow from 6 adult dogs. Procedures-BMSCs were isolated from bone marrow and chemically induced to develop into neurons. The morphology of the BMSCs during neuronal induction was monitored, and immunocytochemical analyses for ...
Marelli Daniel - - 2013
Abdominal aortic aneurysms requiring surgical intervention are generally treated by endovascular means. Such procedures are not always offered in rural hospitals, possibly leaving patients underserved. We reviewed our experience initiating an endoaortic surgery program. A surgeon in a rural centre was credentialed to perform endovascular aortic aneurysm repair through collaboration ...
Civardi Elisa - - 2013
Abstract Human milk has been traditionally considered germ free, however, recent studies have shown that it represents a continuous supply of commensal and potentially probiotic bacteria to the infant gut. Mammary microbioma may exercise anti-infective, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory and metabolic properties. Moreover human milk may be a source of pathogenic microorganism ...
Gélinas-Phaneuf Nicholas - - 2013
: The development of technical skills is a major goal of any neurosurgical training program. Residency programs in North America are focused on achieving an adequate level of training to produce technically competent surgeons. The training requirements and educational environments needed to produce expert surgeons are incompletely understood. This review ...
Liu Zhi-Ping - - 2013
With rapid accumulation of functional relationships between biological molecules, knowledge-based networks have been constructed and stocked in many databases. These networks provide curated and comprehensive information for functional linkages among genes and proteins, whereas their activities are highly related with specific phenotypes and conditions. To evaluate a knowledge-based network in ...
Peterson Ashley L - - 2013
Substance use disorders are highly prevalent among adults with mental health disorders. In many health service delivery areas, mental health and addictions services are delivered separately. However, current best practices indicate that integration of mental health and addictions services can lead to better outcomes for clients with co-occurring disorders, including ...
Erol Karabekmez Furkan - - 2013
Background:Neurofibromatosis may present with different skin lesions. Disfiguring lesions on the face might be challenging for the surgeon or clinician to correct and may have adverse effects on patients' social lives, especially in young women.Objective:To present the dermabrasion technique combined with serial excisions of a deeper accompanying lesion to treat ...
Heath Hazel - - 2013
THE IMPORTANCE of frailty as a major issue in care of older people is now being recognised. A scan through international literature reveals burgeoning research investigating the association between frailty and adverse health outcomes, along with a range of frailty definitions, models, indicators and measurements.
Porebski Benjamin T - - 2013
In structural biology, management of a large number of Protein Data Bank (PDB) files and raw X-ray diffraction images often presents a major organizational problem. Existing software packages that manipulate these file types were not designed for these kinds of file-management tasks. This is typically encountered when browsing through a ...
Del Vecchio Antonio - - 2013
Abstract Respiratory syncitial virus (RSV) is the most common cause of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) in children worldwide and it is associated with significant childhood morbidity. Acute infection may result in respiratory failure with varying degrees of severity, and increasing evidence supports a role of RSV infection as a ...
Liu Xi - - 2013
Quorum sensing (QS) is a signalling mechanism by which bacteria produce, release and then detect and respond to changes in their density and biosignals called autoinducers (AIs). There are multiple feedback loops in the QS system of Vibrio harveyi. However, how these feedback loops function to control signal processing remains ...
Lee Kyoung Hag - - 2013
Through this cross-sectional study the authors explore how stressors, social support, and religious practice are associated with the general well-being of 147 Korean adult immigrants through interviews. Hierarchical regression analysis reveals that low English proficiency and financial hardship are significantly related to low general well-being. However, high social support and ...
Wierman Jennifer L - - 2013
The overall signal-to-noise ratio per unit dose for X-ray diffraction data from protein crystals can be improved by reducing the mass and density of all material surrounding the crystals. This article demonstrates a path towards the practical ultimate in background reduction by use of atomically thin graphene sheets as a ...
Pfeifer Gail M - - 2013
Three nurses say they notified superiors, but their pleas for action went unheeded.
Schirmer Clemens M - - 2013
Virtual reality (VR) applications promise the safe, efficacious, and valid replication of scenarios encountered in modern neurosurgery, and a number of navigation- or dissection-related and endovascular simulators have been successfully deployed in the last 2 decades. Concurrently, neurosurgical training is changing, and VR simulations are expected to play a part ...
- - 2013
A FORMER emergency department nurse is calling on the private care home sector to monitor residents' deterioration by adopting the NHS National Early Warning Score.
Abner Kristin S - - 2013
Studies document that, on average, children cared for in centers, as compared to homes, have higher cognitive test scores but worse socioemotional and health outcomes. The authors assessed whether the quality of care received explains these associations. They considered multiple domains of child development-cognitive, socioemotional, and health-and examined whether mediation ...
Castaldo Giuseppe - - 2013
Abstract In the last years, molecular diagnosis of human genetic diseases has greatly improved thanks to the knowledge of more than 7,000 disease genes (genomics). However, the study of such diseases revealed the very complex relationships between the phenotype of each disease and the molecular alterations responsible. The analysis of ...
Sendhil Kumaran Muthu - - 2013
Background:Nevus lipomatosus superficialis (NLS) is a unique developmental anomaly or nevoid form of lipoma characterized by the ectopic presence of mature adipocytes in reticular dermis. The condition is rare; apart frrom isolated case reports, there are no large case series dealing with the clinicoepidemiologic characteristics and posttreatment long-term follow-up in ...
- - 2013
THE UK'S first G8 summit on dementia, where the health ministers from eight world-leading economies will meet, should focus on helping people manage and live with the condition, according to a leading dementia nurse.
Carter David - - 2013
Chronic diseases constitute almost half of the U.S. health burden.
Li Fumin - - 2013
Achieving sufficient selectivity in bioanalysis is critical to ensure accurate quantitation of drugs and metabolites in biological matrices. Matrix effects most classically refer to modification of ionization efficiency of an analyte in the presence of matrix components. However, nonanalyte or matrix components present in samples can adversely impact the performance ...
Tsuruta Daisuke - - 2013
Background:Pemphigus shows geographically variable characteristics.Objective:To study the clinical and immunologic characteristics of Indian pemphigus patients before and after treatment.Methods:Twenty-six Indian pemphigus patients were analyzed with regard to age, gender, clinical features, treatments and response, the results of histopathology, direct and indirect immunofluorescence (IF), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and immunoblot analyses.Results:There ...
- - 2013
A GROUP set up to devise a new end of life care strategy for the health service will include the RCN, the Nursing and Midwifery Council and the Care Quality Commission.
Giacomet Vania - - 2013
Tenofovir disoproxyl fumarate is a known cause of kidney tubular dysfunction in HIV-infected patients. Recent studies reported significant association between specific allelic variants in ABCC2, ABCC4 and/or ABCC10 genes and the development of kidney tubular dysfunction in HIV-infected adults. We describe the first 2 cases of vertically HIV-infected patients affected ...
Dixon Cinnamon A CA From the Division of Emergency Medicine (C.A.D., W.J.P., E.M.M.-G.), and Center for Global Health, Department of Pediatrics (C.A.D.), Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, and Department of Emergency Medicine (K.W.H., C.J.L.), University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, - - 2013
This study aimed to determine the efficacy of a video-based dog bite prevention intervention at increasing child knowledge and describe any associated factors and to assess the acceptability of providing this intervention in a pediatric emergency department (PED). This cross-sectional, quasi-experimental study enrolled a convenience sample of 5-year-old to 9-year-old ...
Duffy Megen - - 2013
A useful way for busy nurses to keep up to date with relevant content.
Livingston Megan - - 2013
An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed to estimate levels of IgY antibody against the bacterium Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae in serum samples collected from the critically endangered kakapo (Strigops habroptilus, Psittaciformes, Aves) before and after vaccination against this bacterium. Relative IgY antibody titres in pre-vaccination serum samples (n = 71 individual ...
Kreindler Sara A - - 2013
The consolidation of acute care surgery (ACS) services at 3 of 6 hospitals in a Canadian health region sought to alleviate a relative shortage of surgeons able to take emergency call. We examined how this affected patient access and outcomes. Using the generalized linear model and statistical process control, we ...
Blackmon Betty - - 2013
Imagine a whiteboard, virtual classrooms, instant messaging, chat rooms, Wikis … and you are visualizing online Web-facilitated education. Is this the direction of social work education or is this a vision of social work that is not quite in focus? In this article the author asserts that online education with ...
Grosche Astrid - - 2013
Objective-To determine the effect of large colon ischemia and reperfusion on concentrations of the inflammatory neutrophilic protein calprotectin and other clinicopathologic variables in jugular and colonic venous blood in horses. Animals-6 healthy horses. Procedures-Horses were anesthetized, and ischemia was induced for 1 hour followed by 4 hours of reperfusion in ...
Peng Niang-Huei - - 2013
Although research has demonstrated that the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is a stressful environment for preterm and high-risk infants, little research validates the suspected relationships between infant biobehavioral responses and environmental stress in the NICU. This exploratory study examined the relationship between environmental stress and biobehavioral responses of preterm ...
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