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Harrop James - - 2013
Neurosurgical residents have traditionally been instructed on surgical techniques and procedures through an apprenticeship model. Currently, there has been research and interest in expanding the neurosurgical education model. To establish a posterior cervical decompression educational curriculum with a novel cervical simulation model. The Congress of Neurological Surgeons developed a simulation ...
Chen Chien-Ming - - 2013
Microarray provides genome-wide transcript profiles, whereas RNA-seq is an alternative approach applied for transcript discovery and genome annotation. Both high-throughput techniques show quantitative measurement of gene expression. To explore differential gene expression rates and understand biological functions, the authors designed a system which utilises annotations from Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes ...
Jiao Shuyun - - 2013
Adaptive landscape, proposed by Sewall Wright, has provided a conceptual framework to describe dynamical behaviours. However, it is still a challenge to explicitly construct such a landscape, and apply it to quantify interesting evolutionary processes. This is particularly true for neutral evolution. In this work, the authors study one-dimensional Wright ...
Liu Xi - - 2013
Quorum sensing (QS) is a signalling mechanism by which bacteria produce, release and then detect and respond to changes in their density and biosignals called autoinducers (AIs). There are multiple feedback loops in the QS system of Vibrio harveyi. However, how these feedback loops function to control signal processing remains ...
Su Yongmei - - 2013
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection models and anti-HBV infection therapy models have been set up to understand and explain clinical phenomena. Many of these models have been proposed based on Zeuzem et al. and Nowak et al.'s basic virus infection model (BVIM). Some references have pointed out that the basic ...
Brolin Rosita - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the reliability and validity of a questionnaire for studying satisfaction with housing and housing support for people with psychiatric disabilities. Most items were gathered from English language questionnaires. These were translated and adapted to a Swedish context and items concerning housing support ...
Holm Anne Lise - - 2013
Mental ill-health, such as depression in the elderly, is a complex issue that is influenced by the life-world perspective of older persons. Their self-management ability should be strengthened based on an understanding of their situation, perspectives, and vulnerability. The aim of this study was to explore and increase understanding of ...
Moghadam Malek Fereidooni - - 2013
Aggression from psychiatric patients is a constant problem for care providers that causes major problems in the therapeutic environment, and may have negative effects on the quality of care. Since recognition of aggression with regard to cultural background leads to better control of aggression in the psychiatric wards, this study ...
Korgavkar Kaveri - - 2013
Background:Previously considered safe for typical use, concerns have recently been expressed regarding the potential effect of compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) on human skin and, in particular, on skin cancer risk.Objective:We sought to address this concern by reviewing the current literature on CFLs, ultraviolet (UV) radiation, and photocarcinogenic exposure.Results:On average, the ...
Champagne Trevor - - 2013
Background:Lymphomatoid papulosis is a rare CD30+ lymphoproliferative T-cell disorder with limited effective treatments.Objective:We describe the case of a 50-year-old woman diagnosed with lymphomatoid papulosis who was unable to access phototherapy and who failed to clear while on systemic treatment with methotrexate.Methods:The patient was initiated on mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), a prodrug ...
Papp Kim - - 2013
Background:Patents on several biologics will expire in Canada in the coming years. As they expire, applications to market subsequent entry biologics (SEBs) may be filed in Canada.Objective:To provide an understanding of the regulatory pathway and types of trials used for SEB authorization in Canada.Methods:Health Canada's draft guidance on SEBs was ...
Rubinstein Arye - - 2013
Background:Necrobiotic xanthogranuloma (NXG) is a rare chronic disorder characterized by firm yellow to red-orange nodules and plaques affecting the face, abdomen, and extremities with the potential for systemic involvement. NXG has a close association with monoclonal gammopathies, and there is a predilection for the development of multiple myeloma. Treatment options ...
Marchesi Andrea - - 2013
Background:Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare cutaneous neuroendocrine malignancy that usually grows rapidly at the head and neck. Giant forms at the lower limbs are rarely reported and usually affect patients in the eighth decade or older.Methods:We report the case of a 60-year-old man who presented with a giant ...
Almohideb Mohammad - - 2013
Background:Kaposi sarcoma (KS) is a cutaneous endothelial vascular proliferation with four subtypes: iatrogenic, acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) related, African, and classic. Familial cases of KS are rare, with 72 cases reported to date, and all were described with the classic variant. The occurrence of classic KS in the Jewish ...
Erol Karabekmez Furkan - - 2013
Background:Neurofibromatosis may present with different skin lesions. Disfiguring lesions on the face might be challenging for the surgeon or clinician to correct and may have adverse effects on patients' social lives, especially in young women.Objective:To present the dermabrasion technique combined with serial excisions of a deeper accompanying lesion to treat ...
Lee Kyoung Hag - - 2013
Through this cross-sectional study the authors explore how stressors, social support, and religious practice are associated with the general well-being of 147 Korean adult immigrants through interviews. Hierarchical regression analysis reveals that low English proficiency and financial hardship are significantly related to low general well-being. However, high social support and ...
Makhubele J C - - 2013
The primary aim of this article is to explore and describe the production and consumption of homemade alcohol and its associated challenges in relation to implications for social work practice. Qualitative, explorative, descriptive, and contextual design was ideal and purposive and snowball sampling methods were used in this research. Data ...
Matusitz Jonathan - - 2013
The purpose of the authors through this study is to establish inoculation theory as a viable method in the prevention or reduction of recidivism in criminal prison inmate populations in the United States. The authors begin with a detailed literature review on inoculation. They also describe, in detail, recidivism in ...
Martin Fayetta - - 2013
During the next several decades, increasing numbers of older Americans will suffer chronic illnesses and many will face challenges due to growing racial and economic health disparities. Agencies serving older adults need to respond by creating and promoting evidence-based health promotion (EBHP) practices to address the growing diversity among older ...
Mancini Michael A - - 2013
This article offers methodological reflections and lessons learned from a three-year university-community partnership that used participatory action research methods to develop and evaluate a model for learning and change. Communities of practice were used to facilitate the translation of recovery-oriented and evidence-based programs into everyday practice at a community mental ...
Sharma M G - - 2013
The present study examines the mental health management of pathological gamblers by counseling and relaxation practices. Fifty-five treated and 55 non-treated pathological gamblers were evaluated at S. I. Mental and Physical Health Society, Varanasi, India. The two groups were matched by age, ranging 20 to 53 years with a mean ...
Blackmon Betty - - 2013
Imagine a whiteboard, virtual classrooms, instant messaging, chat rooms, Wikis … and you are visualizing online Web-facilitated education. Is this the direction of social work education or is this a vision of social work that is not quite in focus? In this article the author asserts that online education with ...
Edwards Alistair D N - - 2013
Abstract CreST is the Creative Speech Technology Network, a research network which brought together people from a wide variety of backgrounds spanning arts technology and beyond. The papers in this volume represent some of the outcomes of that collaboration. This editorial introduces the background of the network and each of ...
- - 2013
Nearly 100 per cent of nurses who answered the Nursing Older People September online question ( page 9 ) agreed that dementia awareness training should be mandatory for all staff. They were responding to the finding of a major national audit that one in ten hospitals in England and Wales ...
Sprinks Jennifer - - 2013
LYING TO patients with dementia to ease distress cannot be condoned because of the ethical and legal issues it raises, a service evaluation has found.
Dean Erin - - 2013
NURSES WHO care for people with dementia are unlikely to be surprised by a report that finds many with the condition feel trapped in their own homes. The Alzheimer's Society ( 2013 ) report said that one third of those with dementia only go out once a week, and 10 ...
Masterson Abigail - - 2013
DON BERWICK, a former healthcare adviser to the American president Barack Obama, was commissioned by prime minister David Cameron to review patient safety in the NHS after the Francis report into Mid Staffs.
Lewis Kellie - - 2013
Moving from curative to palliative care is often difficult for patients, families and healthcare providers, because hospice or end of life care can be seen as a failure of healthcare teams or as patients having given up. Nurses' role in this transition is to provide care, educate and advocate for ...
Ellmers Theresa - - 2013
Aim The aim of this study was to undertake a detailed exploration of sleep in the context of 24 hours in a care home environment, exploring the subjective experience of residents and the perceptions of staff. Method Qualitative research in four care homes for older people consisting of semi-structured interviews ...
Allen Daniel - - 2013
TWENTY YEARS ago, when nursing jobs in Northern Ireland (NI) were hard to find, newly qualified mental health nurse Paula Thompson decided to look further afield.
Herrenkohl Todd I - - 2013
To examine evidence of the continuity in abusive discipline across two generations (G1 and G2) and the role of safe, stable, and nurturing relationships (SSNRs) as protective factors. Data are from the Lehigh Longitudinal Study, a prospective investigation of the causes and consequences child maltreatment that began in the 1970s ...
Thornberry Terence P - - 2013
We examine two research questions. First, does a history of child maltreatment victimization significantly increase the likelihood of maltreatment perpetration during adulthood? Second, do safe, stable, and nurturing relationships (SSNRs) during early adulthood serve as direct protective factors, buffering protective factors, or both to interrupt intergenerational continuity in maltreating behaviors? ...
Boomsma Dorret I - - 2013
Abstract This paper describes the estimation of heritability, the genetic analysis of comorbid traits based on twin designs and on indices based on measured genetic relatedness. Next, approaches to identify genes and to examine the modification of heritability are described. The paper concludes with a discussion on the continued value ...
Mussap Michele - - 2013
Abstract Angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1) and angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) are antagonistic ligands that bind to the extracellular domain of the Tie-2 receptor, which is almost exclusively expressed by endothelial cells. Angiopoietins can directly stimulate both endothelial cells and neutrophils for an overall proinflammatory and proangiogenic response. An increasing number of experimental and clinical ...
Sweet David G - - 2013
Abstract Surfactant whether given prophylactically in the delivery room or to babies with established respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) reduces the severity of RDS, incidence of air leaks and pneumothorax and, most importantly, neonatal death. Despite being the most intensively studied intervention in neonatal medicine, there is still debate among neonatologists ...
Faa Gavino - - 2013
Abstract In recent years, it has been clearly evidenced that most cells in a human being are not human: they are microbial, represented by more than 1000 microbial species. The vast majority of microbial species give rise to symbiotic host-bacterial interactions that are fundamental for human health. The complex of ...
Chalkias Athanasios - - 2013
Abstract Despite recent advances in perinatal medicine and in the art of neonatal resuscitation, resuscitation strategy and treatment methods in the delivery room should be individualized depending on the unique characteristics of the neonate. The constantly increasing evidence has resulted in significant treatment controversies, which need to be resolved with ...
Del Vecchio Antonio - - 2013
Abstract Respiratory syncitial virus (RSV) is the most common cause of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) in children worldwide and it is associated with significant childhood morbidity. Acute infection may result in respiratory failure with varying degrees of severity, and increasing evidence supports a role of RSV infection as a ...
Saggese Giuseppe - - 2013
Abstract The definition Small for Gestational Age (SGA) describes those newborns weighing and/or measuring in length <-2 SD than expected for their gestational age. These subjects are at higher risk of short stature, neonatal complications, alterations of glucose, lipid metabolism, body composition, bone metabolism and puberty, neurocognitive vulnerabilities and alterations ...
Faa Armando - - 2013
Abstract Objective: The evaluation of the expression of S100B protein, in the swine heart in an experimental model of hypoxia - reoxygenation. Methods: Normocapnic hypoxia was induced in 40 male Landrace/Large White neonatal piglets by decreasing the inspired concentration of oxygen to 6-8%. When animals developed bradycardia or severe hypotension, ...
Del Vecchio Antonio - - 2013
Abstract Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) all likely involve oxidative damage to immature tissues. It has been postulated that transfusions of adult erythrocytes contribute to the risk of developing these morbidities, as a consequence of adult hemoglobin releasing non-physiological quantities of O2 to developing ...
Bassareo Pier Paolo - - 2013
Abstract Background: Prematurity at birth is a known risk factor for the development of an early chronic renal disease. Urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) is a well established biomarker of kidney injury, while high blood levels of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) are associated with the future development of adverse cardiovascular events ...
Rogers Steven C - - 2013
Despite national, state, and hospital policies that require newborns to be transported in correctly used child safety seats (CSSs), significant CSS misuse frequently occurs among newborn infants. The objective of this study was to evaluate a comprehensive educational CSS training program for nurses and parents in a maternal/newborn unit. In ...
Kennedy Maureen Shawn - - 2013
These nursses have seized the opportunity-will you?
Stonecipher Diane - - 2013
Patient care is impoverished by an overreliance on technology. Nursing should look to the past for balance.
Pfeifer Gail M - - 2013
Three nurses say they notified superiors, but their pleas for action went unheeded.
Potera Carol - - 2013
Global Nurses United launched in June by National Nurses United.
Snide Jeaniffr - - 2013
Top ratings are necessary for full Medicare reimbursement.
Duffy Megen - - 2013
A useful way for busy nurses to keep up to date with relevant content.
Baier Marjorie - - 2013
Dame, Bickerdyke, and the fight for pension equity for women.
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