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Song Youn Mi - - 2013
Anemia and iron deficiency are common complications in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, information about the diagnostic indicators of bleeding-related upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract lesions is sparse and few studies have investigated anemic upper GI tract lesions. We included 165 anemic patients with non-dialysis-dependent CKD stages 3 to ...
Blakemore Sophie - - 2013
THOUSANDS OF hospital admissions every year could be prevented if chronic constipation in older people was diagnosed earlier, a report by a group of European experts has revealed.
- - 2013
Cliff Kilgore works for Dorset HealthCare University NHS Foundation Trust as an advanced practitioner for an intermediate care team. He is also vice chair of the British Geriatrics' Society older people's specialist nurse and senior practitioner group.
Newton Mel - - 2013
When older people fall it can result in injuries and adversely affect quality of life. People with visual impairment are at greater risk of falling. This article explores the risk of falling and preventive assessment in patients with visual impairment, whether they are in long-term care settings or living in ...
Sander Ruth - - 2013
When someone has a stroke it can cause death or severe disability. However, advances in treatment have changed the way professionals need to respond. Nurses must recognise the signs of stroke and understand why prompt action can save more of the brain. They also need to recognise and respond appropriately ...
Pult Heiko - - 2013
To investigate the relationship between blink action, dry eye symptoms, and lid-parallel conjunctival folds (LIPCOF). In 30 subjects (14 were women; mean [standard deviation {SD}] age, 42.4 [±12.3] years), spontaneous blinks were recorded from a temporal-inferior view (high-speed video), and the blink extent (incomplete [IC], almost complete [AC], and complete ...
Pan Jing Samantha - - 2013
From static blurry images, it is difficult to perceive objects because high spatial frequency details are filtered out. However, in the context of events (defined as objects in motion), motion generates optic flow, which provides a depth map of 3D layout and allows good event perception. Visual motion measurement uses ...
Abela Lucia - - 2013
Rhino-orbito-cerebral mucormycosis is a rare fulminant opportunistic fungal infection that particularly occurs in immunocompromised patients. We present a case of fatal invasive rhino-orbito-cerebral mucormycosis complicated by bilateral thrombotic occlusion of the internal carotid artery with consequent cerebral infarction in a 5-year-old boy after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for acute pre-B-cell ...
Giacomet Vania - - 2013
Tenofovir disoproxyl fumarate is a known cause of kidney tubular dysfunction in HIV-infected patients. Recent studies reported significant association between specific allelic variants in ABCC2, ABCC4 and/or ABCC10 genes and the development of kidney tubular dysfunction in HIV-infected adults. We describe the first 2 cases of vertically HIV-infected patients affected ...
Conger Rand D - - 2013
Harsh, abusive, and rejecting behavior by parents toward their children is associated with increased risk for many developmental problems for youth. Earlier research also shows that children raised by harsh parents are more likely to treat their own children harshly. The present study evaluated nurturing and supportive behaviors of spouses ...
Schofield Thomas J - - 2013
The present paper summarizes findings of the special issue papers on the intergenerational continuity of child maltreatment and through meta-analysis explores the potential moderating effects of safe, stable, nurturing relationships (SSNRs). Studies were selected for inclusion in this meta-analysis if they (1) were published in peer-reviewed journals; (2) tested for ...
Jaffee Sara R - - 2013
To identify contextual and interpersonal factors that distinguish families in which the intergenerational transmission of maltreatment is maintained from families in which the cycle is broken. The sample was composed of 1,116 families in the United Kingdom who participated in the Environmental Risk (E-Risk) Longitudinal Twin Study. We assessed mother's ...
Castaldo Giuseppe - - 2013
Abstract In the last years, molecular diagnosis of human genetic diseases has greatly improved thanks to the knowledge of more than 7,000 disease genes (genomics). However, the study of such diseases revealed the very complex relationships between the phenotype of each disease and the molecular alterations responsible. The analysis of ...
Locci Emanuela - - 2013
Abstract To date, cytomegalovirus (CMV) is one of the most studied and characterized virus, however the current knowledge on the effect of the human CMV (HCMV) infection on global metabolism is still poorly understood. Metabolomics is a new approach based on the systematic study of the complete set of low ...
Spiga Laura - - 2013
Abstract Oncology is a branch of medicine in rapid evolution in the attempt to find innovative methods for early diagnosis and a better understanding of tumoral processes leading to the development of new therapies. Metabolomics is the emerging discipline among the "omics" sciences which makes it possible to further expand ...
Civardi Elisa - - 2013
Abstract Human milk has been traditionally considered germ free, however, recent studies have shown that it represents a continuous supply of commensal and potentially probiotic bacteria to the infant gut. Mammary microbioma may exercise anti-infective, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory and metabolic properties. Moreover human milk may be a source of pathogenic microorganism ...
Serpero Laura D - - 2013
Abstract In perinatal medicine, there is an emerging interest on the potential usefulness of non-invasive brain biochemical monitoring in infants at risk for brain injury. To date, several biomarkers such as neuro-proteins, calcium binding proteins, oxidative stress markers, vasoactive agents, inflammatory mediators, have been investigated. Results showed that hypoxia insult, ...
Christensen Robert D - - 2013
Abstract Red blood cell transfusions can be life-saving for neonates with severe anemia or active hemorrhage. However, risks of transfusions exist and should always be weighed against potential benefits. At least two transfusion risks are unique to very low birth weight neonates. The first is an association between transfusions given ...
Maruotti Giuseppe Maria - - 2013
Abstract Introduction: The carriers of the same autosomal recessive disorder are usually unaware of onset of the genetic diseases in the children even if screenings are available for many of these disorders. In this paper, we report the experience of the Prenatal Diagnosis Center of AOU Federico II and we ...
Dixon Cinnamon A - - 2013
This study aimed to determine the efficacy of a video-based dog bite prevention intervention at increasing child knowledge and describe any associated factors and to assess the acceptability of providing this intervention in a pediatric emergency department (PED). This cross-sectional, quasi-experimental study enrolled a convenience sample of 5-year-old to 9-year-old ...
- - 2013
At a critical time in young lives, school nurses can make a difference.
Matzo Marianne - - 2013
An overview of symptoms and recommendations for management.
Barnes Emily R - - 2013
From treating lesions to treating the home, management of an infestation is multifaceted.
Kum Cavit - - 2013
Objective-To evaluate the effects of perioperative oral administration of carprofen and meloxicam on concentrations of 3 acute-phase proteins in dogs undergoing elective ovariohysterectomy (OVH). Animals-18 healthy adult anestrous female dogs undergoing elective OVH. Procedures-Dogs were allocated to 3 groups (6 dogs/group). A placebo treatment, carprofen (2.0 mg/kg), or meloxicam (0.2 ...
Barter Linda S - - 2013
Objective-To determine the cardiopulmonary effects of 3 doses of isoflurane, with and without controlled mechanical ventilation and noxious stimulation, in healthy adult New Zealand white rabbits. Animals-6 adult female rabbits. Procedures-Each rabbit was administered isoflurane in oxygen at each of 3 anesthetic doses (1.0, 1.5, or 2.0 times the published ...
Grosche Astrid - - 2013
Objective-To determine the effect of large colon ischemia and reperfusion on concentrations of the inflammatory neutrophilic protein calprotectin and other clinicopathologic variables in jugular and colonic venous blood in horses. Animals-6 healthy horses. Procedures-Horses were anesthetized, and ischemia was induced for 1 hour followed by 4 hours of reperfusion in ...
Hackett Eileen S - - 2013
Objective-To evaluate antioxidant capacity and inflammatory cytokine gene expression in horses fed silibinin complexed with phospholipid. Animals-5 healthy horses. Procedures-Horses consumed increasing orally administered doses of silibinin phospholipid during 4 nonconsecutive weeks (0 mg/kg, 6.5 mg/kg, 13 mg/kg, and 26 mg/kg of body weight, twice daily for 7 days each ...
Bartges Joseph W - - 2013
Objective-To evaluate the influence of acidifying or alkalinizing diets on bone mineral density and urine relative supersaturation (URSS) with calcium oxalate and struvite in healthy cats. Animals-6 castrated male and 6 spayed female cats. Procedures-3 groups of 4 cats each were fed diets for 12 months that differed only in ...
Lukasievicz Gustavo V B - - 2013
A theoretical model for a time-resolved photothermal mirror technique using pulsed-laser excitation was developed for low absorption samples. Analytical solutions to the temperature and thermoelastic deformation equations are found for three characteristic pulse profiles and are compared to finite element analysis methods results for finite samples. An analytical expression for ...
Chong Barrie Fong - - 2013
Breeding energy cane for cellulosic biofuel production involves manipulating various traits. An important trait to optimize is cell wall degradability as defined by enzymatic hydrolysis. We investigated the feasibility of using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) combined with multivariate calibration to predict energy cane cell wall digestibility based upon fiber samples from ...
Flores Edgar - - 2013
A novel method for determining the accuracy of laboratory-based measurements of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and nitric acid (HNO3) mole fractions using Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy 1 cm(-1) resolution instruments calibrated with synthetic spectra has been developed. The traceability of these measurement results is to the reference line strength data ...
Bricklemyer Ross S - - 2013
Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) provides a potential method for rapid, in situ soil C measurement. In previous research on the application of LIBS to intact soil cores, we hypothesized that ultraviolet (UV) spectrum LIBS (200-300 nm) might not provide sufficient elemental information to reliably discriminate between soil organic C (SOC) ...
Harada Takunori - - 2013
Solid-state chiral chemistry has attracted significant scientific interest because of its application in the chiral-selective production, chiral recognition, resolution, and detection of enantiomers of a chiral compound. Combining a novel diffuse reflectance circular dichroism (DRCD) technique with powder X-ray crystallographic analysis, we investigated the origin of chiral properties from the ...
Giorgino Francesco - - 2013
Abstract The Master Course on "Methodologies for Bio-Medical Research in Diabetes" was organized jointly by the University of Bari Aldo Moro, Bari, Italy, and the Italian Society of Diabetology (SID, Società Italiana di Diabetologia). This Course Program has been active throughout the academic year 2011-2012, and engaged selected students in ...
Lee A - - 2013
Chicken astroviruses (CAstVs) have been characterized recently. Due to their relatively poor growth in cell culture, virus-specific antigens are not readily available for the development of diagnostic reagents and vaccines. For this purpose two capsid protein antigens, specified by the 11672 isolate of CAstV, were produced in insect cells following ...
Delpech V - - 2013
Prompt HIV diagnosis and treatment are associated with increased longevity and reduced transmission. The aim of the study was to examine late diagnoses and to assess the quality of care following diagnosis. National surveillance and cohort data were used to examine late HIV diagnoses and to assess the quality of ...
Perch M - - 2013
We examined the trends of HIV testing among patients notified with TB in Denmark during a 3-year period from 2007 to 2009. We were able to obtain HIV testing status for 96%. There was a significant increase of patients examined for HIV infection during the 3-year period. HIV prevalence among ...
Rayment M - - 2013
UK guidelines recommend routine HIV testing in general clinical settings when the local HIV prevalence is > 0.2%. During pilot programmes evaluating the guidelines, we used laboratory-based testing of oral fluid from patients accepting tests. Samples (n = 3721) were tested manually using the Bio-Rad Genscreen Ultra HIV Ag-Ab test (Bio-Rad Laboratories Ltd, ...
Liu Ang - - 2013
The 51st Eastern Analytical Symposium (EAS) and Exposition was held at the Garden State Exhibit Center in Somerset NJ, USA, from 12-15 November 2012, with a theme of 'Energizing Analytical Solutions'. This conference attracted and energized a diverse group of attendees, presenters, and exhibitors, whose expertise covered the broad topics ...
Dicaire Catherine - - 2013
Background: Matrix effects are one of the major drawbacks of ESI-MS/MS. It is majorly caused by lipids in plasma, which can be overcome by using different extraction techniques. Results: In this investigation, a major matrix effect was observed in samples containing a co-administered drug. Unknown compounds appeared over time in ...
Olsson Anders O - - 2013
Background: Elevated IS response was observed in 22 out of 157 mouse plasma samples in a 3-month toxicity study. This initiated a root cause investigation. Results: Mass spectra revealed that taurocholic acid (TCA) was present in the samples, partially eluted overlapping the analyte peak. An enhanced IS response (>twofold) was ...
Watson Anne - - 2013
NICU nurses have an important role to play in many aspects of parent education. This article stresses the need for an increased focus on teaching parents about the central role that self-regulation will play in their infant's neurobehavioral development not only during the early infancy period but throughout all of ...
Kreindler Sara A - - 2013
The consolidation of acute care surgery (ACS) services at 3 of 6 hospitals in a Canadian health region sought to alleviate a relative shortage of surgeons able to take emergency call. We examined how this affected patient access and outcomes. Using the generalized linear model and statistical process control, we ...
Tee May C - - 2013
Despite the different preoperative imaging modalities available for parathyroid adenoma localization, there is currently no uniform consensus on the most appropriate preoperative imaging algorithm that should be routinely followed prior to the surgical management of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). We sought to determine the incremental value of adding neck ultrasonography to ...
Wiebe Meagan E - - 2013
Quality in health care can be evaluated using quality indicators (QIs). Elements contained in the surgical operative report are potential sources for QI data, but little is known about the completeness of the narrative operative report (NR). We evaluated the completeness of the NR for patients undergoing a pancreaticoduodenectomy. We ...
Ball Chad G - - 2013
Massive transfusion protocols (MTPs) using high plasma and platelet ratios for exsanguinating trauma patients are increasingly popular. Major liver injuries often require massive resuscitations and immediate hemorrhage control. Current published literature describes outcomes among patients with mixed patterns of injury. We sought to identify the effects of an MTP on ...
Ray Wilson Z - - 2013
Surgical simulators are useful in many surgical disciplines to augment residency training. Duty hour restrictions and increasing emphasis on patient safety and attending oversight have changed neurosurgical education from the traditional apprenticeship model. The Congress of Neurological Surgeons Simulation Committee has been developing neurosurgical simulators for the purpose of enhancing ...
Chitale Rohan - - 2013
The learning and development of technical skills are paramount for neurosurgical trainees. External influences and a need for maximizing efficiency and proficiency have encouraged advancements in simulator-based learning models. To confirm the importance of establishing an educational curriculum for teaching minimally invasive techniques of pedicle screw placement using a computer-enhanced ...
Roitberg Ben - - 2013
Manual skill is important for surgeons, but current methods to evaluate sensory-motor skills in applicants to a surgical residency are limited. To develop a method of testing sensory-motor skill using objective and reproducible virtual reality simulation. We designed a set of tests on a 3-dimensional surgical simulator with head and ...
Schirmer Clemens M - - 2013
Virtual reality (VR) applications promise the safe, efficacious, and valid replication of scenarios encountered in modern neurosurgery, and a number of navigation- or dissection-related and endovascular simulators have been successfully deployed in the last 2 decades. Concurrently, neurosurgical training is changing, and VR simulations are expected to play a part ...
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