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Raudenska Martina - - 2013
Metallothioneins (MTs) are a class of metal-binding proteins characterized by a high cysteine content and low molecular weight. MTs play an important role in metal metabolism and protect cells against the toxic effects of radiation, alkylating agents and oxygen free radicals. The evidence that individual genetic characteristics of MTs play ...
Zahran Asmaa M - - 2013
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a clonal disease, characterized by a reciprocal t(9, 22) that results in a chimeric BCR/ABL fusion gene. Regulatory T cells (Tregs) constitute the main cell population that enables cancer cells to evade immune surveillance. The purpose of our study was to investigate the level of ...
Fuentes José A - - 2013
Ir complexes of chiral phosphine-diamine ligands catalyse the hydrogenation and transfer hydrogenation of aryl-piperidin-4-yl methanones, and ketones bearing both an aryl group and secondary alkyl substituent with up to 98% e.e., and with substrate to catalyst ratios of up to 4000.
Iglesias Alejandra - - 2013
The occurrence of pharmaceuticals in the aquatic environment has become a matter of concern in the last decade due to potential risks posed to non-target organisms and the potential for unintended human exposure via food chain. This concern has been driven by a high detection frequency for drugs in environmental ...
Bhatnagar Amit - - 2013
The global olive oil production for 2010 is estimated to be 2,881,500 metric tons. The European Union countries produce 78.5 % of the total olive oil, which stands for an average production of 2,136,000 tons. The worldwide consumption of olive oil increased of 78 % between 1990 and 2010. The increase in olive ...
Pastorczak Marcin - - 2013
We study the orientational dynamics of water molecules in solutions of formate salts using femtosecond mid-infrared spectroscopy. We observe that combining the formate ion with small cations like Na(+) or Li(+) leads to a cooperative effect on the water dynamics. This observation points at the formation of solvent-separated ion pairs.
Zhao Guibin - - 2013
This study aims to investigate the influence of fast-track surgery (FTS) on insulin resistance indicators in a prospective randomized, controlled clinical trial in esophageal cancer patients. Between November 2009 and March 2011, 34 patients underwent the FTS pathway, and 34 patients underwent the conventional pathway after esophagectomy in our department. ...
Parui S - - 2013
Hot electron transport of direct and scattered carriers across an epitaxial NiSi2/n-Si(111) interface, for different NiSi2 thickness, is studied using ballistic electron emission microscopy (BEEM). We find the BEEM transmission for the scattered hot electrons in NiSi2 to be significantly lower than that for the direct hot electrons, for all ...
Fridrichová Adéla - - 2013
The reaction of an N,C,N-intramolecularly coordinated tin(iv) carbonate LSn(Ph)(CO3) () and antimony(iii) and bismuth(iii) oxides (LMO)2 (where M = Sb (), Bi () and L = C6H3-2,6-(CH2NMe2)2) with (HO)SiPh2(O)SiPh2(OH) in 1 : 1 (in the case of ) or 1 : 2 molar ratio (in the cases of and ) gave the metallasiloxanes cyclo-LSn(Ph)(OSiPh2)2O ...
Morfeld Peter - - 2013
Gebel (In Arch Toxicol 87(5):923-924, 2013) replied to my Letter to the Editor (Morfeld in Arch Toxicol 87(5):921, 2013) in which I criticized the quantitative review of inhalation rat studies on the association of granular biopersistent dust exposures and lung cancer risk (Gebel in Arch Toxicol 86(7):995-1007, 2012). My methodological ...
Chong Esther Swee Lan - - 2013
A number of investigations, mainly using in vitro and animal models, have demonstrated a wide range of possible mechanisms, by which probiotics may play a role in colorectal cancer (CRC) prevention. In this context, the most well studied probiotics are certain strains from the genera of lactobacilli and bifidobacteria. The ...
Wang Jialu - - 2013
A simple and highly efficient technique for the analysis of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) subspecies in human plasma is described. The streamlined sample preparation protocol furnishes the five major LPA subspecies with excellent recoveries. Extensive analysis of the enriched sample reveals only trace levels of other phospholipids. This level of purity ...
Man Zai-Wei - - 2013
Dissolved oxygen is one of the most important bioprocess parameters that could affect cell growth and product formation, and it is easy to control by changing agitation speed. In this work, the effects of agitation speed on the performance of riboflavin production by recombinant Bacillus subtilis RF1 was investigated in ...
Schofer J - - 2013
Over the past 25 years carotid artery stenting (CAS) has emerged as an alternative to carotid endarterectomy (CEA). Most of all younger patients and symptomatic patients with contralateral carotid artery occlusion particularly benefit from CAS. To achieve an optimal result with CAS, patient selection and even more important, knowledge and ...
Zheng Huan - - 2013
INTRODUCTION Resistin is an inflammatory mediator and a potential biomarker in cardiovascular diseases.  OBJECTIVES We aimed to examine its association with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). PATIENTS AND METHODS We recruited 200 patients with PAD and 100 healthy controls. Patients were divided into 4 subgroups by the Fontaine classification for PAD, that was, from ...
Akduman Begüm - - 2013
In this work, bacterial cellulose nanofibers were produced by using the Gluconacetobacter hansenii HE1 strain. These nanofibers were derivatized with dye affinity ligand Reactive Green 5, and these newly synthesized dye-attached nanofibers were used for affinity adsorption of urease. Reactive Green 5-attached nanofibers were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, ...
Akram Muhammad - - 2013
The citric acid cycle is the final common oxidative pathway for carbohydrates, fats and amino acids. It is the most important metabolic pathway for the energy supply to the body. TCA is the most important central pathway connecting almost all the individual metabolic pathways. In this review article, introduction, regulation ...
Wright L K - - 2013
The effects of flow rate and temperature on the performance of a microscale gas chromatographic (μGC) detector consisting of a chemiresistor (CR) array coated with different thiolate-monolayer-protected gold nanoparticles (MPNs) are described with respect to the analysis of three gas-phase markers of the explosive trinitrotoluene (TNT): 2,4-dinitrotoluene (2,4-DNT), 2,6-dinitrotoluene (2,6-DNT), ...
Nwamba Charles O - - 2013
Besides pharmacogenomics and drug dynamics, pharmacological properties of a drug could also arise from protein conformational switches. These switches would arise from the following mechanisms: (a) slight shifts away from a protein's native conformation induced by mutation, (b) changes in the protein's environment allowing for structural rearrangements to form hitherto ...
Ayyildiz-Tamis Duygu - - 2013
In this study, different cultivation systems such as roller bottles (RB), 5-L stirred-tank bioreactor (STR), and disposable bioreactors were used to cultivate hybridoma for lab-scale production of Salmonella Enteritidis O-antigen-specific monoclonal antibody (MAb). Hybridoma cell line was cultivated in either serum-containing or serum-free medium (SFM) culture conditions. In STR, MAb ...
Ajithkumar I Paul - - 2013
Drought stress is one of the abiotic stresses and it may alter plant growth, metabolism and yield. The present study aims to analyze the growth, chlorophyll pigments, osmotic adjustment and antioxidative enzymes activity in Panicum sumatrense under drought stress. The control was irrigated daily and treated plants were irrigated at ...
Palanisamy Senthilkumar - - 2013
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) production is the first level of response by a host during stress. Even though the ROS are toxic to cell, when present in a limited amount, they act as a signalling molecule for the expression of defence-related genes and later are scavenged by either enzymatic or ...
Morandi Stefano - - 2013
Genotypic and technological properties, antibiotic susceptibility and antimicrobial activity of 35 Leuconostoc strains, isolated from different Italian raw milk cheeses, were investigated. RAPD-PCR was used to study genetic variability and to distinguish closely related strains. The results showed a high degree of heterogeneity among isolates. All the strains had weak ...
Alkhayal Abdullah - - 2013
Sperm DNA damage is associated with male infertility but whether normozoospermic infertile men also have DNA damage is unknown. To evaluate sperm DNA and chromatin integrity in men with mild male factor infertility. Prospective study of 102 consecutive men (78 normozoospermic, 15 asthenozoospermic, 9 oligozoospermic) enrolled for intrauterine insemination (IUI) ...
Yamaguchi Fuminori - - 2013
Suramin is an activator of ryanodine receptors and competitively binds to the calmodulin-binding site. In addition, S100A1 and calmodulin compete for the same binding site on ryanodine receptors. We therefore studied the effects of suramin on protein phosphatase 5 (PP5) and S100-activated PP5. In the absence of S100 proteins, suramin ...
Chandran Alexander Palapatti - - 2013
To identify risk factors for common bile duct (CBD) stones in a south Indian population. Demographic characteristics and diet details were obtained from patients with isolated CBD stones (Gp I) and those with combined CBD and gallstones (Gp II) and age- and sex-matched controls. The risk factors were compared between ...
Coban Burak - - 2013
Two new water-soluble pip and hpip analogs, 1 and 2 pip = 2-phenylimidazo[4,5-f][1, 10]phenanthroline; hpip = 2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)imidazo[4,5-f][1, 10]phenanthroline, have been synthesized and fully characterized by CHN analysis, MALDI-TOF MS, (1)H-NMR, IR (ATR), and UV-Vis methods. The DNA-binding behaviors of both compounds have been studied by viscosity measurements, spectroscopic methods, and ...
Han Xiaodong - - 2013
L-2-Hydroxyacid dehydrogenase (HDH) from Ketogulonicigenium vulgare Y25 was cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli. The protein was purified and crystallized by the sitting-drop vapour-diffusion method with polyethylene glycol 3350 as precipitant. The crystal structure of HDH was determined at 1.64 Å resolution using the molecular replacement method with the crystal structure ...
Liu Yu - - 2013
Observational and preclinical studies suggested an association between the expression of thymidylate synthase (TS) and clinical effects of pemetrexed-based chemotherapy in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. However, the predictive value of TS for pemetrexed-containing chemotherapy regimen remained controversial. The aim of the study was to further appraise the association between ...
Abe Koichi - - 2013
Cyanobacteria are attractive host bacteria for biofuel production because they can covert CO2 to biofuel lipids using only sunlight, water, and inorganic ions. For genetically engineering an ideal cyanobacterium, a synthetic biological approach is promising but few genetic components have been characterized in cyanobacteria. Here for controlling cyanobacterial protein expression, ...
Zheng Ming-Gang - - 2013
A novel cDNA gene, NgLACS, that encodes a long-chain acyl-CoA sythetase (LACS), was cloned from Nannochloropsis gaditana and characterized. The cDNA was 2,360 bp in length, consisting of an ORF of 1,950 bp, a 5'-untranslated region of 88 bp and a 3'-untranslated region of 322 bp. The deduced amino acid sequence of LACS was ...
Araste Fatemeh - - 2013
Expression of carbonic anhydrase IX (CAIX) significantly increases under hypoxic conditions in tumor cells. CAIX activity is executed by the catalytic domain (CA) located on the extracellular part of the enzyme. Neutralization of CAIX enzymatic activity reduces malignancy and survival of tumor cells. To inhibit the enzymatic activity, a VHH ...
Cáceres Manuel - - 2013
Oxidation of methane by methanotrophs, Methylomicrobium album and Methylocystis sp., was measured at several initial concentrations of H2S and NH3 in the headspace of stoppered flasks, at the same initial concentration of methane as sole carbon and energy source: 15 % (v/v). No effect was observed at 0.01 % (v/v) H2S and ...
Lee Kyung Tai - - 2013
To diagnose chronic ankle instability, clinicians frequently use manual anterior drawer test and stress radiography. However, both exams can yield incorrect results and do not reveal the extent of ankle instability. The use of stress ultrasound during a manual anterior drawer stress procedure might enable the diagnosis of chronic ankle ...
Soegianto Agoes - - 2013
The objective of this study was to measure the copper (Cu) concentration in gills of juveniles Litopenaeus vannamei after exposure to Cu at sublethal concentrations, and to evaluate its effect upon the structure of gill tissue. The Cu concentration in gills of control shrimp was 0.075 mg/kg. Copper concentrations increased significantly ...
Yilmaz Fadime - - 2013
Four Staphylococcus isolates having both multidrug- and multimetal-resistant ability were isolated from surface water. Further identification of the isolates was obtained through biochemical tests and 16S rDNA gene sequencing. One methicillin-resistant and two methicilin-sensitive isolates were determined as Staphylococcus aureus. The other isolate was identified as Staphylococcus warneri. The antibiotic ...
Ayeni Olufemi - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between a symptomatic maximal squat and the presence of radiographic CAM-type femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and to determine the sensitivity and specificity of a maximal squat test for the presence of radiographic CAM-type femoral deformity in ...
Liang Shuxuan - - 2013
This work aimed to assess the degree of anthropogenic influence and severity of heavy metal from a non-ferrous metal smelting industrial zone. The results suggested that anthropogenic inputs played a dominant role in the enrichment of Cu, Zn, Pb, Sb and Cd. These metals showed similar spatial distribution patterns. Multivariate ...
Fricke Stephan - - 2013
This is the first report showing that an epitope-specific ex vivo modulation of an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell graft by the anti-human CD4 antibody MAX.16H5 IgG1 simultaneously facilitates the anti-tumor capacity of the graft (Graft-versus-leukemia effect, GvL) and the long-term suppression of the deleterious side effect Graft-versus-host-disease (GvHD). To distinguish ...
Kim Woong - - 2013
In anaerobic processes, the population dynamics of methanogens in the methanogenic stage were monitored along with hydraulic retention times (HRTs) shift. Decreasing HRTs increased the loading rates of volatile fatty acids (VFAs) and ammonia. Methanomicrobiales (MMB) began to be dominant at longer than 12.5 days HRT, Methanosarcinales (MSL) were dominant at ...
Frey Stefan - - 2013
The full genome sequences of three tick-borne encephalitis virus strains, two isolated from Ixodes ricinus ticks and one from the brain of a bank vole, Myodes glareolus, originating from the Slovak Republic were determined. Nucleotide sequences were found to be very similar (>99.5 % nt-identity) with only one distinct amino acid ...
Farquhar-Smith Paul - - 2013
Introduction: There is some evidence to support the use of tramadol in chronic non-cancer pain, especially osteoarthritis pain, but modest analgesic activity is tempered by adverse effects. Combination of a lower dose of tramadol and acetaminophen is postulated to act synergistically, potentially reducing adverse effects without reduction in analgesic efficacy. ...
Rallan M - - 2013
To determine the effect of three remineralising agents on human primary anterior teeth, i.e. CPP-ACP, CPP-ACPF, fluoridated toothpaste and artificial saliva as control. Forty primary maxillary anterior teeth were divided into four groups: Group I: CPP-ACP, Group II: CPP-ACPF and Group III: fluoridated toothpaste as experimental and Group IV: artificial ...
Zaichick Vladimir - - 2013
The effect of age on the mass fraction of 19 chemical elements in the intact prostate of 50 apparently healthy 0-30-year-old males was investigated by neutron activation analysis with high-resolution spectrometry of short-lived radionuclides and inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry. Mean values (M ± standard error of the mean) ...
Jamurtas A Z - - 2013
Eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage may cause marked alterations in insulin sensitivity. However, it is not entirely known whether such alterations are also related to changes in adipokine levels. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of muscle damage due to downhill running on inflammation, insulin sensitivity and ...
Manara Renzo - - 2013
Although cerebrovascular mortality is increased up to eightfold in acromegaly, intracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) changes have not been well investigated. This is a magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) quantitative cross-sectional study of ICA tortuosity, ectasia and intercarotid distance in acromegalic patients with subsequent analysis of concomitant clinical, laboratory and neuroimaging ...
He Jun - - 2013
Lipid-associated membrane proteins (LAMPs) are a mixture of mycoplasmal lipoproteins expressed on the surface, and they are the main structures for interaction with the host cells. The objective of this study was to explore the role of CD14 in immune recognition of Mycoplasma genitalium-derived LAMPs and investigate whether the binding ...
González-Suárez I - - 2013
Methotrexate (MTX) is considered the main agent for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Neurotoxicity is often mild, but severe encephalopathy can develop, especially with intrathecal or intravenous administration. In rare cases, this syndrome has been observed in patients on long-term low-dose oral administration. A 68-year-old male was diagnosed with ...
Ghoreishi Mohammad - - 2013
To evaluate the outcomes of the Femto-LASIK method in the treatment of refractive errors following penetrating keratoplasty (PK) at the Persian Eye Clinic, Isfahan, Iran METHODS: In a prospective, non-comparative case series, 34 consecutive symptomatic eyes of 34 patients after corneal graft, were operated on. Tissue-saving (TS) Femto-LASIK (n = 16), and ...
Shimamoto Yoshinori - - 2013
The common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) is increasingly being used as a non-human primate animal model in biomedical research. To perform accurate quantitative analysis of gene expression by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, reliable reference genes should be selected. In this study, we evaluated the expressions of 11 widely used ...
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