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Results 201 - 250 of 4479
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Shen Fang-Fang - - 2013
Cytochrome P4501A1 (CYP1A1) enzyme is a member of the CYP superfamily of enzymes. CYP1A1 A2455G and T3801C are two most commonly studied polymorphisms loci. Previous studies have reported that CYP1A1 polymorphisms increase esophageal cancer (EC) risk. However, the results remain controversial and ambiguous. To further investigate the association between CYP1A1 ...
Polakova Vymetalkova Veronika - - 2013
Altered expression and methylation pattern of tumor suppressor and DNA repair genes, in particular involved in mismatch repair (MMR) pathway, frequently occur in primary colorectal (CRC) tumors. However, little is known about (epi)genetic changes of these genes in precancerous and early stages of CRC. The aim of this pilot study ...
Kim In Sik - - 2013
We investigated the effect of asthmatic serum on constitutive eosinophil apoptosis in normal subjects. Eosinophil apoptosis in normal subjects was inhibited by asthmatic serum but not normal serum. In a detailed analysis based on the presence of house dust mite (HDM) IgE, HDM IgE-positive (+) asthmatic serum was more effective ...
Zhang Xiao-Yan - - 2013
In the current study, we measured urinary angiotensinogen (AGT) through enzyme-linked immunoadsordent assay (ELISA) and analyzed its correlation with intrarenal renin-angiotensin system (RAS) activity in 128 chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Urinary and plasma renin activity, AGT, angiotensin II (Ang II) and aldosterone levels were also measured by radioimmunoassay (RIA) ...
Jamali Samad - - 2013
Desert truffles, hypogeous Pezizales (Ascomycota), are difficult to identify due to evolutionary convergence of morphological characters among taxa that share a similar habitat and mode of spore dispersal. Also, during their symbiotic phase, these are barely distinguishable morphologically, and molecular probes are needed for their identification. We have developed a ...
Uddin Raza Mohy - - 2013
Prolactin (PRL) is a polypeptide hormone, secreted mainly by the anterior pituitary gland. It is involved in many endocrine activities. The key functions of PRL are related to reproduction and lactation in mammals. To ascertain the presence of polymorphisms in the bovine PRL gene (bPRL), the bPRL gene was sequenced. ...
Zhu Lingling - - 2013
Accumulating evidence suggests that microRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in regulating the pathways in adipose tissue that control processes such as adipogenesis, insulin resistance, and inflammation. MiR-143 is a well-characterized miRNA involved in adipogenesis and may be involved in regulating insulin resistance. Free fatty acids (FFAs) and adipokines, such ...
Qin Li-Sen - - 2013
Primary glioblastoma multiforme is the most malignant form of astrocytic tumor with an average survival of approximately 12-14 months. The combination of novel Akt inhibitors with anti-cancer therapeutics has achieved improved anti-tumor efficiency. In the current study, we examined the synergistic anti-cancer ability of Akt inhibitor perifosine in combination with short-chain ...
Niu Fubiao - - 2013
MYH3, whose function is to convert chemical energy to mechanical energy through ATP hydrolysis, is mainly expressed in skeletal muscle at various stages and is indispensable in the procedure of development of skeletal muscle and heart. In the study, genetic variations and genotypes of MYH 3 gene in a total ...
Yamashita Saori - - 2013
Background: Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) plays critical roles in the induction and exacerbation of allergic diseases. We tested various chemicals in the environment and found that xylene and 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene induced the production of TSLP in vivo. These findings prompted us to search for additional chemicals that induce TSLP production. In ...
Takahashi Aya - - 2013
Background: Eczema in the cubital fossa, which is susceptible to sweat, is frequently observed in atopic dermatitis (AD). However, there has been no direct evidence that sweating causes eczema in the cubital fossa. Methods: To investigate this issue, axon reflex-mediated sweating volume (AXR) and skin barrier function in the cubital ...
Tateishi Ukihide - - 2013
Coregistered fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) provides functional and morphologic data useful for the management of lymphoma. PET/CT is a promising tool in initial staging/re-staging, monitoring post-treatment recurrence/exacerbation, and evaluating prognosis at mid-treatment use [interim PET/CT (iPET/CT)]. Many multicenter studies are currently underway to investigate the effectiveness and safety ...
Cvetko Erika - - 2013
The inferior alveolar nerve block is one of the most common techniques for delivering dental anesthesia. Its success depends on placing the needle tip in close proximity to the mandibular foramen (MF). In certain cases, however, this nerve block fails, even when performed by the most experienced clinician. Anatomical variability ...
Magro Elsa - - 2013
Anatomic arrangement of venous system within the transverse foramen is a controversial topic among authors. Precise knowledge of this arrangement is necessary in imaging where vertebral artery dissection is suspected, as well as in surgical approaches of cervical spine. This knowledge objective cannot be achieved without a prerequisite knowledge of ...
Zeiler Kristin - - 2013
Since John Locke, regnant conceptions of personhood in Western philosophy have focused on individual capabilities for complex forms of consciousness that involve cognition such as the capability to remember past events and one's own past actions, to think about and identify oneself as oneself, and/or to reason. Conceptions of personhood ...
Schopfer Kurt - - 2013
This study aimed at determining the sensitivity of a whole blood interferon-γ release assay (IGRA) among children with microbiologically confirmed tuberculosis in a high-burden country. Children with a diagnosis of tuberculosis based on clinical and radiographic assessment were tested with an IGRA in addition to microbiologic examination of appropriate specimens ...
McCarty-Caplan David - - 2013
This study examined patterns of drug use among gay men and other men who have sex with men (MSM) to identify sub-categories of men whose drug use and sexual behavior place them at especially high risk for HIV. A latent class analysis of a sample of MSM yielded a four-class ...
Scott Hyman M - - 2013
Resiliency factors such as social support have been associated with more frequent HIV testing among MSM. We examined the association between social support and delayed HIV testing in the context of structural discrimination and individual factors among young Black MSM. We combined two independent cross-sectional samples recruited 1 year apart from ...
Uekusa Yoshinori - - 2013
Eukaryotic proteasome assembly is a highly organized process mediated by several proteasome-specific chaperones, which interact with proteasome assembly intermediates. In yeast, Ump1 and Pba1-4 have been identified as assembly chaperones that are dedicated to the formation of the proteasome 20S catalytic core complex. The crystal structures of Pba chaperones have ...
Salomé Geraldo M - - 2013
The assessment of health-related quality of life in patients with venous leg ulcers provides important information for clinical decision making, evaluation of therapeutic benefits, and prediction of survival probabilities. Health-related quality of life and self-esteem were assessed using the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) and the ...
Liu Shao-Jun - - 2013
Emerging evidence demonstrates that high plasma C-reactive protein (CRP) levels or low plasma insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) concentrations may be separately associated with the increased risk of coronary artery disease or myocardial infarction. Interestingly, animal model studies and epidemiological investigations indicate that circulating IGF-1 and CRP levels have an ...
Li Min - - 2013
Previous studies have shown that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) can upregulate MUC5AC in airway epithelial cells. However, the relationship and mechanism between bacterial infection and altered mucus secretion in the biliary tract remains unclear. Human biliary epithelial cells were induced by LPS, H2O2 production in the cell supernatants were detected by specific ...
Chowdhury Animesh - - 2013
We investigated the mechanism by which TxA2 mimetic, U46619, activates proMMP-2 in bovine pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells. Our study showed that treatment of the cells with U46619 caused an increase in the expression and subsequently activation of proMMP-2 in the cells. Pretreatment with p(38)MAPK inhibitor, SB203580; and NF-κB inhibitor, ...
Jansujwicz Jessica S - - 2013
The Vernal Pool Mapping and Assessment Program (VPMAP) was initiated in 2007 to create a vernal pool database as a planning tool to foster local compliance with new state vernal pool regulations. In the northeastern United States, vernal pools are seasonal wetlands that provide critical breeding habitat for a number ...
Chen Xiaoli - - 2013
Environmental regulations frequently mandate the use of "best available" science, but ensuring that it is used in decisions around the use and protection of natural resources is often challenging. In the Western US, this relationship between science and management is at the forefront of post-fire land management decisions. Recent fires, ...
Dommanget Fanny - - 2013
Asian knotweeds (Fallopia spp.) are considered one of the world's most invasive species. Restoring habitats dominated by these exotic species requires a better understanding of the importance of abiotic factors controlling the invasive knotweeds performance. We used observational data obtained on the embankment of the Isère River (France) to study ...
Siao Derrick - - 2013
Helicobacter pylori has been causally linked to a number of diseases, including peptic ulcer disease, gastric adenocarcinoma, mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma, and dyspepsia. It is the most prevalent bacterial pathogen in humans, and while the overall prevalence in the United States is about 30 %, the distribution is heterogeneous amongst different ...
Inoue Mikiya - - 2013
The present study aimed to assess the long-term results of seton placement for fistula-in-ano (FIA) in infants. Data of patients aged <1 year who presented to our department with perianal abscess (PA) between January 2006 and February 2010 were retrospectively reviewed. Our standard initial treatment for PA was incision and drainage. ...
Dodson Rebecca M - - 2013
Assessment of patient performance status is often subjective. Sarcopenia-measurement of muscle wasting-may be a more objective means to assess performance status and therefore mortality risk following intra-arterial therapy (IAT). Total psoas area (TPA) was measured on cross-sectional imaging in 216 patients undergoing IAT of hepatic malignancies between 2002 and 2012. ...
Liu Yongchao - - 2013
KIF21B polymorphisms were found associated with susceptibility to multiple sclerosis and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) in populations of white European ancestry. We aimed to replicate the association of polymorphisms around KIF21B and AS in a Chinese Han population. This case-control study included 665 patients with AS and 1,042 healthy controls genotyped ...
Sears Jeanne M - - 2013
Purpose Workers' compensation-based vocational rehabilitation (VR) programs are costly and challenging to operate effectively. This study aimed to: (1) describe injured workers' assessment of Washington State's VR system before and after vocational retraining, (2) describe the factors affecting injured worker satisfaction with VR services, and (3) gather suggestions for program ...
Glazier Paul S - - 2013
To date, scientific investigations into the biomechanical aspects of cricket fast bowling techniques have predominantly focused on identifying the mechanical factors that may predispose fast bowlers to lower back injury with a relative paucity of research being conducted on the technical features that underpin proficient fast bowling performance. In this ...
Thum Thomas - - 2013
Smooth muscle cells (SMC) are key components within the vasculature. Dependent on the stimulus SMC can either be in a proliferative (synthetic) or differentiated state. Alterations of SMC phenotype also appear in several disease settings further contributing to disease progression. Here we asked whether microRNAs (miRNAs, miRs), which are strong ...
Teeters Jenni B - - 2013
Compared to college females, college males are more likely to report frequent gambling. Research on gambling outcome expectancies has shown that expectations about gambling influence gambling behavior and that endorsement of particular expectancies differs by gender. Knowledge regarding the differential predictive utility of specific gambling expectancies based on gender would ...
Wu Yong - - 2013
Aim: Oxidative stress induced by free fatty acids (FFA) contributes to metabolic syndrome-associated development of cardiovascular diseases yet molecular mechanisms remain poorly understood. This study aimed at establishing whether PTEN and its subcellular location play a role in FFA-induced endothelial oxidative stress. Results: Exposing human endothelial cells (ECs) with FFA ...
Kalaitzakis Evangelos - - 2013
Abstract Objective. Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms are common in cirrhosis and have an impact on quality of life. Their pathophysiology and their relation to energy intake have not been fully elucidated and the effect of liver transplantation on GI symptoms has not been studied. We aimed to prospectively evaluate GI symptoms ...
Moon Seong-Su - - 2013
There have been increasing concerns regarding health problems due to endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs). We investigated association of heavy metals, including lead, mercury, and cadmium, with metabolic syndrome (MS) and its individual components in the Korean population. Participants included 1,961 males and 1,989 females 20 years of age or older from ...
Walter Annette O - - 2013
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with activating epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations initially respond to first generation reversible EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors. However, clinical efficacy is limited by acquired resistance, frequently driven by the EGFR T790M mutation. CO-1686 is a novel, irreversible and orally delivered kinase inhibitor that ...
Arena Salvatore - - 2013
Intranuclear inclusions (ICI) represent one cytological feature suggestive of malignancy. The aims of this study are (1) to correlate ICI with size and echogenicity of the thyroid nodules that, at fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), are suspiciously malignant (THY4) or malignant (THY5); and (2) to ascertain whether ICI alone or combined ...
Monegal Ana - - 2013
In recent years, there has been speculation about the possibility of a reduction in the incidence of fractures after liver transplantation (LT) because of changes in the characteristics of candidates and the use of different immunosuppressive therapies. We analyzed the characteristics of LT candidates (CTC) and compared them with historical ...
Okamoto Takeshi - - 2013
Abstract We investigated whether near-ultraviolet light emitted from light-emitting diodes (LEDs) effects Helicobacter pylori viability and whether this new method can potentially apply to eradication therapy. Three H. pylori strains were used for near-ultraviolet (UV) LED irradiation experiments. Viability of isolates exposed to near-UV light was compared with controls by ...
Bengnér Malin - - 2013
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection induces profound changes in different subsets of the cellular immune system. We have previously identified an immune risk profile (IRP) where CMV-associated changes in the T cell compartment, defined as a CD4/CD8 ratio < 1, are associated with increased mortality in elderly people. Since natural killer (NK) cells have ...
Walker Ashley E - - 2013
Endothelial dysfunction occurs in conduit and cerebral resistance arteries with advancing age. Lifelong caloric restriction (CR) can prevent the onset of age-related dysfunction in many tissues, but its effects on cerebral resistance artery function, as compared with conduit artery function, have not been determined. We measured endothelium-dependent dilation (EDD) in ...
Haavik H - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of varying stimulation rate and the effects of a repetitive typing task on the amplitude of somatosensory evoked potential (SEP) peaks thought to relate to cerebellar processing. SEPs (2,000 sweep averages) were recorded following median nerve stimulation at the wrist ...
Meruvu Haritha - - 2013
The purpose of the research was to study the purification and partial characterization of antifungal alkaline chitinase from a newly isolated Citrobacter freundii haritD11. The enzyme was purified in a three-step procedure involving ammonium sulfate precipitation, dialysis, and Sephadex G-100 gel filtration chromatography. The enzyme was shown to have a ...
Pick David F - - 2013
Prior studies have shown that a left-right spatial compatibility effect occurs for vertically oriented stimuli relative to a background context of a face rotated 90° clockwise or counterclockwise from upright. For stimuli presented at the location of the eyes, the mapping of the right eye to a right response and ...
Jordan Timothy R - - 2013
In English and other alphabetic languages read from left to right, useful information acquired during each fixational pause is generally reported to extend much further to the right of each fixation than to the left. However, the asymmetry of the perceptual span for alphabetic languages read in the opposite direction ...
Rodrigues T - - 2013
Abstract In the last years, several studies unravelled many aspects of adipose tissue pathophysiology in metabolic diseases. Some studies suggested hypoxia as one of such aspects, despite the exact mechanisms and pathophysiological significance is still partially unknown. Adipose tissue was shown to be hypoxic in obesity, mainly resulting from adipocyte ...
Okholm Cecilie - - 2013
Abstract Objective. Nurse Administered Propofol Sedation (NAPS) contributes to a deeper sedation of the patients, making them unable to respond to pain and an increased incidence of perforations has been speculated. The objective of this study was to evaluate the risk of perforations during colonoscopies performed with either NAPS or ...
Roldán M L - - 2013
The oviduct supports the transport and final maturation of gametes, and harbors fertilization and early embryo development. The oviductal epithelium is responsible for providing the correct environment for these processes. Deleted in malignant brain tumor 1 (DMBT1) is expressed by multiple organisms and several cell types, and the interaction of ...
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