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Duadi Hamootal H Bar-Ilan University, Institute of Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials, Faculty of Engineering, Ramat-Gan 52900, - - 2013
Most methods for measuring light-tissue interactions focus on the volume reflectance while very few measure the transmission. We investigate both diffusion reflection and diffuse transmission at all exit angles to receive the full scattering profile. We also investigate the influence of blood vessel diameter on the scattering profile of a ...
Garip Sebnem S Middle East Technical University, Department of Biochemistry, 06531 Ankara, - - 2013
The disease- and drug-related bone disorders are rapidly increasing in the population. It is previously reported that anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) may cause osteopenia, osteoporosis, and fractures in epilepsy patients. However, it cannot be determined whether the bone disorders in epileptic patients are due to AED therapy and/or to epilepsy and ...
Fangtham Monthida - - 2013
The Hopkins lupus cohort is a longitudinal cohort study of over 2,000 systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients, who are seen quarterly. This review covers ten important clinically-relevant studies of the cohort. These studies include the function of prednisone in atherosclerosis and thrombosis, the preventive function of hydroxychloroquine, new insights into ...
Wiklund Olov - - 2013
A number of plasma lipid parameters have been used to estimate cardiovascular risk and to be targets for treatment to reduce risk. Most risk algorithms are based on total cholesterol (T-C) or low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and most intervention trials have targeted the LDL-C levels. ...
Bakland Gunnstein - - 2013
The classification of Spondyloarthritis (SpA) has been revised with the introduction of the ASAS classification criteria. Although this has best been described in ankylosing spondylitis and psoriatic arthritis, there are population studies evaluating the epidemiology of the different subgroups of SpA. In this paper, we present data on the incidence ...
Chen Lucy - - 2013
Neuropathic pain is a debilitating chronic pain condition, which remains difficult to treat. The current mainstays of treatment include physical therapy, interventional procedures and medications. Among medications, ion channel blockers and gabapentinoids are the 2 classes of drugs commonly used to treat neuropathic pain. It has been suggested that these ...
Heiba Sherif - - 2013
Foot ulcer with suspected infection is one of the most common reasons for hospitalization and a major factor contributing to morbidity and high healthcare-related expenses among diabetic patients. Many patients will require amputation; however, major amputation is associated with an alarmingly high 5-year mortality rate. In this study, we assess ...
Espinoza Gabriela M - - 2013
Vasculitis is the inflammation of blood vessels that leads to loss of perfusion and ischemia with necrosis. When this occurs in the orbit, the consequences are typically very conspicuous and can be devastating with decreased quality of life and loss of vision. Systemic vasculitides are often related to ophthalmic disorders, ...
Güngör O E - - 2013
Adhesion to oral soft and hard tissue is crucial for bacterial colonisation in the mouth. The aim of this work was to select strains of oral lactic acid bacteria that could be used as probiotics for oral health. To this end, the adhesive properties of some lactic acid bacteria were ...
Goodman Susan M - - 2013
A hallmark of the rheumatic diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosis, spondyloarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis, has been sustained inflammation, which typically targets the joint and may lead to joint destruction. Inflammation also plays a role in atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, which is highly prevalent in patients with rheumatic diseases. Total joint arthroplasty, ...
Avershina E - - 2013
The current leading view is that functionality and not phylotype is the most important determinant for the services provided by the gut microbiota. Here we present an alternative opinion, advocating the importance of phylotype in addition to function. We believe the literature is misled by technical artifacts in defining operational ...
Gundogdu Z - - 2013
Acute gastroenteritis is still a common disease worldwide. Synbiotics are being used to alleviate the effects of acute gastroenteritis-related diarrhoea. The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of a synbiotic in reducing the duration of diarrhoea in children with acute gastroenteritis. The study has been carried out ...
Kiely Patrick D W - - 2013
Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a very important complication of the idiopathic inflammatory myositides (IIM), with a prevalence of approximately 40 %. Characteristic HRCT changes, most commonly NSIP, together with a restrictive ventilatory defect and an associated decline in DLco support the presence of ILD. The strongest risk factors are the ...
Vong M H - - 2013
Tropical fruits such as mango, papaya, pineapple and banana are rich sources of dietary fibre. However, few studies have examined the potential physiological effects of fibre from these tropical fruits. The aim of this study was to characterise the fermentability of dietary fibre found in banana, papaya, pineapple and mango ...
Barter Matt J MJ Musculoskeletal Research Group, Institute of Cellular Medicine, Medical School, Newcastle University, 4th Floor Cookson Building, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE2 4HH, UK. - - 2013
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a disease typified by the loss of cartilage, the normal integrity of which is maintained by the resident cell, the chondrocyte. Alterations in chondrocyte gene expression with age, injury, loading or predisposing genetics, underpin OA cartilage loss. Cell- and tissue-specific gene expression is determined by epigenetic mechanisms, ...
Cooles Faye A H FA Newcastle NIHR Biomedical Research Centre at Newcastle upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust and Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK. - - 2013
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease arising from a breakdown in immunological self-tolerance, which leads to aberrant immune responses to autoantigens. Regulatory CD4(+) T-cells (Tregs) underpin one of the key mechanisms of self-tolerance and are a major focus of study in RA and other autoimmune diseases. In ...
Sieper Joachim - - 2013
Major progress has been made in recent years in the management of axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA), including ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and non-radiographic axSpA (nr-axSpA). Most predictors of response have been defined for TNF-blocker therapy, and new treatment strategies are being discussed about how to best reach remission and how to maintain ...
Shobeiri S Abbas - - 2013
The purpose of this pictorial essay is to describe the utility of 3-dimensional endovaginal and endoanal sonography in the assessment of vulvovaginal cysts and masses. It is accepted that compared with transabdominal pelvic sonography, transvaginal end-fire sonography provides improved resolution for visualization of female reproductive organs with fewer artifacts. To ...
Suwanabol Pasithorn A - - 2013
Venous thromboembolic disease is extremely common. Conventional treatment with anticoagulation alone aims to impede the progression of thrombus, and prevent recurrence and the development of pulmonary embolism. This is appropriate for most patients. However, in certain patient populations, this alone does not address the long-term complications of venous thromboembolic disease. ...
Nanney Marilyn S - - 2013
The distribution of food and nutrition policies and practices from 28 US states representing 6,732 secondary schools was evaluated using data from the 2008 School Health Profiles principal survey. School policies and practices evaluated were: availability of low-nutrient, energy-dense (LNED) snacks/drinks; use of healthy eating strategies; banning food marketing; availability ...
Blecha Matthew J - - 2013
Critical limb ischemia refers to the clinical state of advanced arterial occlusive disease, placing an extremity at risk for gangrene and limb loss. Critical limb ischemia has 2 broad clinical subcategories that are vital to differentiate: acute limb ischemia and chronic arterial occlusive disease. This article reviews the etiologies, diagnosis, ...
Richardson Arthur J - - 2013
For patients with unresectable colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM), transarterial embolization with the use of drug-eluting beads with irinotecan (DEBIRI) represents a novel alternative to systemic chemotherapy or local treatments alone. The present systematic review evaluates available data on the efficacy and safety of DEBIRI embolization. A comprehensive search of medical ...
Arcan Chrisa C Division of Epidemiology and Community of Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA. - - 2013
Prevalence of obesity among American Indian children is higher than the general US population. The school environment and teachers play important roles in helping students develop healthy eating habits. The aim of this prospective study was to examine teachers' classroom and school food practices and beliefs and the effect of ...
Wagner Jason M - - 2013
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to retrospectively review the diagnostic accuracy of sonography in the evaluation of superficial masses with surgical and histologic findings as the reference standard. Methods- Institutional Review Board approval was obtained, informed consent was waived, and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act compliance was ...
Crowe Kristi M - - 2013
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics to recognize that although all foods provide some level of physiological function, the term functional foods is defined as whole foods along with fortified, enriched, or enhanced foods that have a potentially beneficial effect on health when consumed as ...
Daly Courtney - - 2013
Carotid disease is a major contributor to stroke, one of the leading causes of death and disability in the United States. Clinically significant stenosis can be detected by duplex ultrasound using well-established criteria. In addition to optimal medical management, surgical and endovascular revascularizations of carotid disease have been demonstrated to ...
Emerson Donald S - - 2013
Objectives- To evaluate whether picture archiving and communication systems (PACS) adequately satisfy radiologists' needs in ultrasound (US) imaging and which PACS functions may be inadequately implemented for handling US diagnosis. Methods- An electronic survey was sent to the membership of the Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound asking them to rate ...
Chang Ming-Chau - - 2013
This is a retrospective study carried out to evaluate the clinical results of patients with osteoporosis and various spinal diseases treated surgically with polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA)-augmented cannulated pedicle screws, and to compare this method with the needle injection technique in terms of the clinical results and fixation strength. To report a ...
Solomon Daniel H DH Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2013
Elevated tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α likely contributes to the excess cardiovascular risk observed in rheumatoid arthritis. We compared the cardiovascular risk in rheumatoid arthritis patients starting a TNF-α blocking agent versus a nonbiologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (nbDMARD). Subjects with rheumatoid arthritis participating in several different US insurance programs between 1998 ...
Liu Wanjun - - 2013
The Trochanteric Fixation Nail System (TFN) was designed with a helical blade to improve resistance to cutout. We evaluated the incidence, modes, and predictors of failure for intertrochanteric hip fractures treated with this device. A retrospective review of 341 intertrochanteric hip fractures treated with the TFN was conducted. Fractures were ...
Koo Hye Soo - - 2013
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to evaluate the additional value of supplementary computed tomography (CT) after sonography for diagnosing acute appendicitis. Methods- Among 140 consecutive patients with suspected acute appendicitis who underwent both initial sonography and supplementary CT within 12 hours, 88 patients whose appendices could not be ...
Levitt Francesca C - - 2013
The purpose of this exploratory study was to add to the body of knowledge about patient preferences for pain management during intravenous (IV) insertion. A convenience sample of 30 patients who were scheduled to undergo surgical or nonsurgical procedures requiring an IV catheter were given a choice among intradermal lidocaine, ...
Siwawong Woralak - - 2013
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the fetal cardiac circumference derived by spatiotemporal image correlation (STIC) for predicting fetal hemoglobin (Hb) Bart disease. Methods- Pregnancies at risk of fetal Hb Bart disease at 17 to 22 weeks' gestation were enrolled. All underwent STIC volume ...
Clements Archie C A AC University of Queensland, Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, School of Population Health, Herston, QLD, Australia. - - 2013
Malaria is one of the biggest contributors to deaths caused by infectious disease. More than 30 countries have planned or started programmes to target malaria elimination, often with explicit support from international donors. The spatial distribution of malaria, at all levels of endemicity, is heterogeneous. Moreover, populations living in low-endemic ...
Irwin David J DJ Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Center for Neurodegenerative Disease Research, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104-4283, - - 2013
We have recently shown acetylation of tau at lysine residue 280 (AC-K280) to be a disease-specific modification in Alzheimer disease (AD), corticobasal degeneration, and progressive supranuclear palsy, likely representing a major regulatory tau modification. Herein, we extend our observations using IHC with a polyclonal antibody specific for AC-K280. Thirty brain ...
Yazgan Cisel - - 2013
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to compare the Precision Imaging sonographic technique (Toshiba Medical Systems Corporation, Tokyo, Japan) with conventional sonography of liver lesions in terms of lesion conspicuity, margin sharpness, overall image quality, and posterior enhancement. Methods- Sixty-nine focal liver lesions in 60 patients (age range, 14-76 ...
Moore Edwina C - - 2013
An understanding of prognosis following burns is important. It alleviates patient and familial stress, provides a framework for better resource use, and facilitates benchmarking of performance between specialist centers. Data were collected from eight tertiary referral burns centers in Australia and New Zealand. Our aim was to identify factors independently ...
Shobeiri S Abbas - - 2013
Objectives- The aim of this study was to construct an anatomically correct phantom for visualization of anal sphincter complex structures. Methods- To make an endoanal ultrasound phantom, we experimented with a variety of commercially available materials to simulate hyperechoic, hypoechoic, and isoechoic tissue consistency. We created external anal sphincter muscle ...
Edwards Eric S ES Intelliject Inc, Richmond, Virginia, USA. - - 2013
Epinephrine autoinjectors are underused for the treatment of anaphylaxis in community settings. Auvi-Q, a novel epinephrine autoinjector, was designed to be intuitive to use and reduce the potential for use-related errors. To compare the bioavailability of 0.3 mg of epinephrine (adrenaline) injected with Auvi-Q and EpiPen in healthy adults. In ...
Booher Anna M - - 2013
The classification of aortic dissection into acute (<14 days from symptom onset) versus chronic (≥14 days) is based on survival estimates of patients treated decades before modern diagnostic and treatment modalities were available. A new classification of aortic dissection in the current era may provide clinicians with a more precise ...
Glassberg Elon - - 2013
Mass casualty incidents (MCIs) represent one of the most difficult prehospital challenges faced by medical personnel. When they occur at sea, this challenge may be further complicated by isolation, distance, vessel structure, number of passengers, and limited evacuation means. We describe our experience and lessons learned from a dynamic MCI ...
Rodrigues Manuel Jorge - - 2013
This Correspondence relates to the article by Lake et al that reported copy number and genotyping analysis on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded samples using genome-wide SNP arrays version 6.0.
Siegel John H - - 2013
One of the most important lessons concerning the relevance of human anatomy to surgical diagnosis to be taught to medical students and first-year surgical residents concerns their sometimes poorly understood relationship of the structure of the lower thoracic cavity to the organs within the upper abdominal cavity. To make this ...
Hillelsohn Joel H - - 2013
Objectives- Sonography is a noninvasive, office-based diagnostic tool often used for evaluation of subfertile men. Previous studies have suggested that a resistive index (RI) greater than 0.6 is associated with impaired spermatogenesis. We sought to validate this threshold in a urologic patient population presenting for infertility evaluation. Methods- We retrospectively ...
Belisle Jeffery G - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to identify the differences seen between military occupation services (MOS) in terms of amputation patterns, subsequent disabling conditions, and their ability to return to duty. A retrospective study of major extremity amputations sustained by US service members between October 1, 2001, and July 30, ...
Leshem Eyal - - 2013
During 2012, global detection of a new norovirus (NoV) strain, GII.4 Sydney, raised concerns about its potential effect in the United States. We analyzed data from NoV outbreaks in 5 states and emergency department visits for gastrointestinal illness in 1 state during the 2012-13 season and compared the data with ...
Gerstenmaier Jan F - - 2013
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to determine the particulate concentration in a gelatin-based ultrasound phantom for lesion biopsy at 6 cm in depth to reduce visualization of the biopsy needle in the near field, simulating subcutaneous fat and tissue echogenicity, and maintain target lesion visualization. Methods- Four gelatin-based ...
McLeod Laura - - 2013
Postoperative urinary retention (PUR) is a common postsurgical complication. Early detection and management of PUR is of particular concern to nurses working in the postanesthesia care unit (PACU) because a single episode of bladder distention may result in permanent bladder damage. A clinical audit (CA) was conducted that examined the ...
Reilly Sheena S Speech Pathology Department, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2013
A central goal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine is the development of clinical protocols for managing common medical problems that may impact breastfeeding success. These protocols serve only as guidelines for the care of breastfeeding mothers and infants and do not delineate an exclusive course of treatment or serve ...
Kim Fernando J - - 2013
Posterior urethra primary realignment (PUPR) after complete transection may decrease the gap between the ends of the transected urethra, tamponade the retropubic bleeding, and optimize urinary drainage without the need of suprapubic catheter facilitating concurrent pelvic orthopedic and trauma procedures. Historically, the distorted anatomy after pelvic trauma has been a ...
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