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Duadi Hamootal H Bar-Ilan University, Institute of Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials, Faculty of Engineering, Ramat-Gan 52900, - - 2013
Most methods for measuring light-tissue interactions focus on the volume reflectance while very few measure the transmission. We investigate both diffusion reflection and diffuse transmission at all exit angles to receive the full scattering profile. We also investigate the influence of blood vessel diameter on the scattering profile of a ...
Garip Sebnem S Middle East Technical University, Department of Biochemistry, 06531 Ankara, - - 2013
The disease- and drug-related bone disorders are rapidly increasing in the population. It is previously reported that anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) may cause osteopenia, osteoporosis, and fractures in epilepsy patients. However, it cannot be determined whether the bone disorders in epileptic patients are due to AED therapy and/or to epilepsy and ...
Güngör O E - - 2013
Adhesion to oral soft and hard tissue is crucial for bacterial colonisation in the mouth. The aim of this work was to select strains of oral lactic acid bacteria that could be used as probiotics for oral health. To this end, the adhesive properties of some lactic acid bacteria were ...
Vong M H - - 2013
Tropical fruits such as mango, papaya, pineapple and banana are rich sources of dietary fibre. However, few studies have examined the potential physiological effects of fibre from these tropical fruits. The aim of this study was to characterise the fermentability of dietary fibre found in banana, papaya, pineapple and mango ...
Bakland Gunnstein - - 2013
The classification of Spondyloarthritis (SpA) has been revised with the introduction of the ASAS classification criteria. Although this has best been described in ankylosing spondylitis and psoriatic arthritis, there are population studies evaluating the epidemiology of the different subgroups of SpA. In this paper, we present data on the incidence ...
Sieper Joachim - - 2013
Major progress has been made in recent years in the management of axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA), including ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and non-radiographic axSpA (nr-axSpA). Most predictors of response have been defined for TNF-blocker therapy, and new treatment strategies are being discussed about how to best reach remission and how to maintain ...
Kiely Patrick D W - - 2013
Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a very important complication of the idiopathic inflammatory myositides (IIM), with a prevalence of approximately 40 %. Characteristic HRCT changes, most commonly NSIP, together with a restrictive ventilatory defect and an associated decline in DLco support the presence of ILD. The strongest risk factors are the ...
Heiba Sherif - - 2013
Foot ulcer with suspected infection is one of the most common reasons for hospitalization and a major factor contributing to morbidity and high healthcare-related expenses among diabetic patients. Many patients will require amputation; however, major amputation is associated with an alarmingly high 5-year mortality rate. In this study, we assess ...
Gundogdu Z - - 2013
Acute gastroenteritis is still a common disease worldwide. Synbiotics are being used to alleviate the effects of acute gastroenteritis-related diarrhoea. The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of a synbiotic in reducing the duration of diarrhoea in children with acute gastroenteritis. The study has been carried out ...
Chen Lucy - - 2013
Neuropathic pain is a debilitating chronic pain condition, which remains difficult to treat. The current mainstays of treatment include physical therapy, interventional procedures and medications. Among medications, ion channel blockers and gabapentinoids are the 2 classes of drugs commonly used to treat neuropathic pain. It has been suggested that these ...
Avershina E - - 2013
The current leading view is that functionality and not phylotype is the most important determinant for the services provided by the gut microbiota. Here we present an alternative opinion, advocating the importance of phylotype in addition to function. We believe the literature is misled by technical artifacts in defining operational ...
Goodman Susan M - - 2013
A hallmark of the rheumatic diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosis, spondyloarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis, has been sustained inflammation, which typically targets the joint and may lead to joint destruction. Inflammation also plays a role in atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, which is highly prevalent in patients with rheumatic diseases. Total joint arthroplasty, ...
Espinoza Gabriela M - - 2013
Vasculitis is the inflammation of blood vessels that leads to loss of perfusion and ischemia with necrosis. When this occurs in the orbit, the consequences are typically very conspicuous and can be devastating with decreased quality of life and loss of vision. Systemic vasculitides are often related to ophthalmic disorders, ...
Wiklund Olov - - 2013
A number of plasma lipid parameters have been used to estimate cardiovascular risk and to be targets for treatment to reduce risk. Most risk algorithms are based on total cholesterol (T-C) or low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and most intervention trials have targeted the LDL-C levels. ...
Fangtham Monthida - - 2013
The Hopkins lupus cohort is a longitudinal cohort study of over 2,000 systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients, who are seen quarterly. This review covers ten important clinically-relevant studies of the cohort. These studies include the function of prednisone in atherosclerosis and thrombosis, the preventive function of hydroxychloroquine, new insights into ...
Barter Matt J MJ Musculoskeletal Research Group, Institute of Cellular Medicine, Medical School, Newcastle University, 4th Floor Cookson Building, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE2 4HH, UK. - - 2013
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a disease typified by the loss of cartilage, the normal integrity of which is maintained by the resident cell, the chondrocyte. Alterations in chondrocyte gene expression with age, injury, loading or predisposing genetics, underpin OA cartilage loss. Cell- and tissue-specific gene expression is determined by epigenetic mechanisms, ...
Cooles Faye A H FA Newcastle NIHR Biomedical Research Centre at Newcastle upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust and Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK. - - 2013
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease arising from a breakdown in immunological self-tolerance, which leads to aberrant immune responses to autoantigens. Regulatory CD4(+) T-cells (Tregs) underpin one of the key mechanisms of self-tolerance and are a major focus of study in RA and other autoimmune diseases. In ...
Crisp Howard C - - 2013
The Rotorod sampler and Burkard spore trap are 2 devices commonly used to quantify airborne particles. To evaluate the differences in collections between the 2 devices for a wide range of plant pollens and fungal spores. Pollens and spores were collected simultaneously with each device on 167 days during a ...
Uema Noriyuki - - 2013
Nucleostemin (NS) is a nucleolar GTP-binding protein that is involved in ribosomal biogenesis and protection of telomeres. We investigated the expression of NS in human germ cell tumors and its function in a mouse germ cell tumor model. NS was abundantly expressed in undifferentiated, but not differentiated, types of human ...
Nanney Marilyn S - - 2013
The distribution of food and nutrition policies and practices from 28 US states representing 6,732 secondary schools was evaluated using data from the 2008 School Health Profiles principal survey. School policies and practices evaluated were: availability of low-nutrient, energy-dense (LNED) snacks/drinks; use of healthy eating strategies; banning food marketing; availability ...
Hazzard Beatrice - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to describe postanesthesia care unit (PACU) nurses' fatigue and link fatigue levels to work- and nonwork-related factors. The study design is a pilot study using a descriptive correlation design. Participants used a 4-week daily diary to record hours worked, breaks taken, and sleep patterns ...
Winfield Clara - - 2013
The placement of an intravenous (IV) catheter for the administration of fluids, blood products, and medications is a common intervention for surgical procedures and perianesthesia patients. Although the placement of a peripheral IV may be routine for perianesthesia nurses, it is important to address the patient's level of pain related to ...
Abi-Jaoudeh Nadine - - 2013
As personalized medicine becomes more applicable to oncologic practice, image-guided biopsies will be integral for enabling predictive and pharmacodynamic molecular pathology. Interventional radiology has a key role in defining patient-specific management. Advances in diagnostic techniques, genomics, and proteomics enable a window into subcellular mechanisms driving hyperproliferation, metastatic capabilities, and tumor ...
Belisle Jeffery G - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to identify the differences seen between military occupation services (MOS) in terms of amputation patterns, subsequent disabling conditions, and their ability to return to duty. A retrospective study of major extremity amputations sustained by US service members between October 1, 2001, and July 30, ...
Schoenfeld Andrew J - - 2013
Previous studies regarding combat wounding have a limited translational capacity due to inclusion of soldiers from all military branches and occupational specialties as well as a lack of information regarding soldiers who died in theater. A search was performed of the Department of Defense Trauma Registry and Armed Forces Medical ...
Moore Edwina C - - 2013
An understanding of prognosis following burns is important. It alleviates patient and familial stress, provides a framework for better resource use, and facilitates benchmarking of performance between specialist centers. Data were collected from eight tertiary referral burns centers in Australia and New Zealand. Our aim was to identify factors independently ...
Liu Wanjun - - 2013
The Trochanteric Fixation Nail System (TFN) was designed with a helical blade to improve resistance to cutout. We evaluated the incidence, modes, and predictors of failure for intertrochanteric hip fractures treated with this device. A retrospective review of 341 intertrochanteric hip fractures treated with the TFN was conducted. Fractures were ...
Siegel John H - - 2013
One of the most important lessons concerning the relevance of human anatomy to surgical diagnosis to be taught to medical students and first-year surgical residents concerns their sometimes poorly understood relationship of the structure of the lower thoracic cavity to the organs within the upper abdominal cavity. To make this ...
McArthur Tatum A - - 2013
Objectives- To evaluate changes in the common duct diameter on sonography over time in patients with and without cholecystectomy. Methods- We retrospectively evaluated the common duct diameter, central biliary dilatation, and interval change in 1079 patients who underwent sonography at least 2 years apart over a 6-year period. A board-certified ...
Yoo Dong Hyun - - 2013
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to report our initial experience with transabdominal high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) therapy of the canine prostate and to determine the protective effect of rectal cooling during HIFU therapy. Methods- Fifteen male dogs underwent transabdominal HIFU therapy of the prostate. Transabdominal HIFU was performed ...
Gerstenmaier Jan F - - 2013
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to determine the particulate concentration in a gelatin-based ultrasound phantom for lesion biopsy at 6 cm in depth to reduce visualization of the biopsy needle in the near field, simulating subcutaneous fat and tissue echogenicity, and maintain target lesion visualization. Methods- Four gelatin-based ...
Guyomard Aurélie - - 2013
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility, reproducibility, and distribution of placental volume measurements according to the crown-rump length between 11 weeks and 13 weeks 6 days. Methods- Images were acquired in 128 pregnancies followed in Burgundy during first-trimester screening sonography using an abdominal 3-dimensional transducer. ...
Iruretagoyena J Igor - - 2013
We sought to create a transcervical chorionic villus sampling model for teaching that would mimic a lifelike model. A model was created using silicone resembling the maternal interface. A cervix with an endocervical canal able to accommodate a catheter and a vagina was also created. Tap water was used as ...
Li Ping - - 2013
We assessed 5 patients with histologically/clinically confirmed placenta accreta after first-trimester abortion. In 4 patients, sonography showed an unclear endometrium, absence of an endometrium-myometrium interface, a well-vascularized hyperechoic lesion in the uterine body with a low resistive index, and myometrial thinning near the lesion. In 2 patients, contrast-enhanced sonography showed ...
Clements Archie Ca - - 2013
Malaria is one of the biggest contributors to deaths caused by infectious disease. More than 30 countries have planned or started programmes to target malaria elimination, often with explicit support from international donors. The spatial distribution of malaria, at all levels of endemicity, is heterogeneous. Moreover, populations living in low-endemic ...
Blecha Matthew J - - 2013
Critical limb ischemia refers to the clinical state of advanced arterial occlusive disease, placing an extremity at risk for gangrene and limb loss. Critical limb ischemia has 2 broad clinical subcategories that are vital to differentiate: acute limb ischemia and chronic arterial occlusive disease. This article reviews the etiologies, diagnosis, ...
Daly Courtney - - 2013
Carotid disease is a major contributor to stroke, one of the leading causes of death and disability in the United States. Clinically significant stenosis can be detected by duplex ultrasound using well-established criteria. In addition to optimal medical management, surgical and endovascular revascularizations of carotid disease have been demonstrated to ...
Booher Anna M - - 2013
The classification of aortic dissection into acute (<14 days from symptom onset) versus chronic (≥14 days) is based on survival estimates of patients treated decades before modern diagnostic and treatment modalities were available. A new classification of aortic dissection in the current era may provide clinicians with a more precise ...
Crowe Kristi M - - 2013
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics to recognize that although all foods provide some level of physiological function, the term functional foods is defined as whole foods along with fortified, enriched, or enhanced foods that have a potentially beneficial effect on health when consumed as ...
McLeod Laura - - 2013
Postoperative urinary retention (PUR) is a common postsurgical complication. Early detection and management of PUR is of particular concern to nurses working in the postanesthesia care unit (PACU) because a single episode of bladder distention may result in permanent bladder damage. A clinical audit (CA) was conducted that examined the ...
Levitt Francesca C - - 2013
The purpose of this exploratory study was to add to the body of knowledge about patient preferences for pain management during intravenous (IV) insertion. A convenience sample of 30 patients who were scheduled to undergo surgical or nonsurgical procedures requiring an IV catheter were given a choice among intradermal lidocaine, ...
Sze Daniel Y - - 2013
Oncolytic virotherapy is an emerging technology that uses engineered viruses to treat malignancies. Viruses can be designed with biological specificity to infect cancerous cells preferentially, and to replicate in these cells exclusively. Malignant cells may be killed directly by overwhelming viral infection and lysis, which releases additional viral particles to ...
Richardson Arthur J - - 2013
For patients with unresectable colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM), transarterial embolization with the use of drug-eluting beads with irinotecan (DEBIRI) represents a novel alternative to systemic chemotherapy or local treatments alone. The present systematic review evaluates available data on the efficacy and safety of DEBIRI embolization. A comprehensive search of medical ...
Chang Ming-Chau - - 2013
This is a retrospective study carried out to evaluate the clinical results of patients with osteoporosis and various spinal diseases treated surgically with polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA)-augmented cannulated pedicle screws, and to compare this method with the needle injection technique in terms of the clinical results and fixation strength. To report a ...
Kim Fernando J - - 2013
Posterior urethra primary realignment (PUPR) after complete transection may decrease the gap between the ends of the transected urethra, tamponade the retropubic bleeding, and optimize urinary drainage without the need of suprapubic catheter facilitating concurrent pelvic orthopedic and trauma procedures. Historically, the distorted anatomy after pelvic trauma has been a ...
Glassberg Elon - - 2013
Mass casualty incidents (MCIs) represent one of the most difficult prehospital challenges faced by medical personnel. When they occur at sea, this challenge may be further complicated by isolation, distance, vessel structure, number of passengers, and limited evacuation means. We describe our experience and lessons learned from a dynamic MCI ...
Moore S Jason - - 2013
Current research examining the impact of mechanism of injury and daily snowfall amounts on injury severity among skiers and snowboarders is limited. The purpose of this study was to define correlations between injury mechanism and daily snowfall on injury patterns and severity among skiers and snowboarders. This observational study analyzed ...
Cheung Vincent Y T - - 2013
High-intensity focused ultrasound therapy has received increasing interest in the management of solid malignancies and benign tumors. Magnetic resonance imaging has always been used to define the target for controlling and monitoring the ablation. Recently, sonographically guided high-intensity focused ultrasound has been introduced to monitor the ablation process. This article ...
Baker Joan P - - 2013
Musculoskeletal disorders have been described in a number of professions over the years. They are defined as injuries that are caused by or aggravated by workplace activities, and they account for up to 60% of all workplace illnesses. They are known by different names, such as musculoskeletal disorder, repetitive strain ...
Emerson Donald S - - 2013
Objectives- To evaluate whether picture archiving and communication systems (PACS) adequately satisfy radiologists' needs in ultrasound (US) imaging and which PACS functions may be inadequately implemented for handling US diagnosis. Methods- An electronic survey was sent to the membership of the Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound asking them to rate ...
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