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Tanabe Paula - - 2013
Children with sickle cell disease (SCD) present to the emergency department (ED) with complex medical and behavioral health needs. Little research has been conducted to understand elements necessary to provide a comprehensive approach. We conducted 9 focus groups and 2 individual interviews with ED nurses, ED physicians, parents, 1 SCD ...
Wu Tao - - 2013
Colon cancer may invade the adjacent organ in the absence of distant metastasis, which is called stage T4bM0 colon cancer according to the 7th edition of TNM staging system. It is not rare in clinical setting, and usually recognized intraoperatively. How to deal with this situation is a big challenge ...
Wiedemann A - - 2013
According to our data on 4 071 patients with type 2 diabetes, 65.5% of the men and 70.4% of the women complain of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). That is twice as much as the normal population for the same age group. The most common symptom was overactive bladder (OAB). ...
DU Jian-Jun - - 2013
Malignant or benign diseases of stomach are very common in China. The application of laparoscopy surgery in gastric diseases is a remarkable symbol of current gastric surgery. Laparoscopic assisted radical gastrectomy has gained widespread acceptance for the treatment of gastric cancer. Total laparoscopic radical gastrectomy, which means the gastric resection, ...
Wirth Barbara - - 2013
Currently, 20 states have had one or more active multipayer medical home initiatives. As more states convene multiple payers and work to align payment policies, concerns regarding antitrust liability will need to be addressed. This issue brief provides a summary of state strategies to navigate antitrust concerns in multipayer medical ...
Takahama Junior Ademar A Fluminense Federal University, Oral Pathology, School of Dentistry, Nova Friburgo, Rio de Janeiro 28625-650, Brazil. - - 2013
Actinic cheilitis (AC) is a potentially malignant disorder of the lips. Because of its heterogeneous clinical aspect, it is difficult to indicate representative biopsy area. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of tissue autofluorescence in AC diagnosis. The system was composed of a 405-nm light-emitting diode, ...
Niu Yin - - 2013
Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) of the orbit are rare and are thought to be congenital. They can grow slowly or in a delayed fashion after a prolonged period of quiescence if there is a hemodynamic balance between the in-flow and the out-flow vessels. However, once the balance is destroyed, orbital AVMs ...
Peng Hui - - 2013
To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of glyceryl trinitrate(GTN) ointment in the treatment of anal fissure. In this multi-center, randomized, double-blind and placebo-controlled trial, 240 chronic anal fissure patients from 7 clinical centers were randomized to receive eight-week treatment with GTN ointment(treatment group) or vaseline ointment(control group) respectively. Healing ...
Haddadin Randa N - - 2013
Pharmaceutical manufacturing workers are exposed to significant amounts of product ingredients, including antibiotics. Such exposure could affect their nasal microflora. To assess the effect of exposure to various unidentified pharmaceutical ingredients in cephalosporin-manufacturing and non-cephalosporin plants on the nasal carriage of Staphylococcus spp. and their antibiotic resistance. Nasal swab samples ...
Liu Xun-Can - - 2013
We describe a patient who underwent intracranial angioplasty and Solitaire stent placement for recanalization of a vertebrobasilar artery occlusion 2 months after symptom onset. Computed tomography angiography and digital subtraction angiography showed that both vertebral arteries and the proximal basilar artery were occluded. Balloon angioplasty was performed on a segment ...
Wang Li-Yong - - 2013
To investigate the effect of partial internal sphincter myoectomy on transanal one-stage pull-through operation for Hirschsprung disease(HD). A prospective group of 153 pediatric patients with HD in Guangdong Dongguan People's Hospital between 2003-2012 were enrolled, who underwent transanal one-stage pull-through operation. Children were divided into partial resection group(77 cases) undergoing ...
Ireton Gregory C - - 2013
The last decade has seen an increased focus on the development of adjuvants for vaccines, and several novel adjuvants are now in licensed products or in late-stage clinical development. These advancements have been aided by the discovery of receptors and signaling pathways of the innate immune system and an increased ...
Miller K - - 2013
Androgen deprivation therapy is an integral part of the treatment of advanced and progressive prostate cancer. Various prospective randomised trials have investigated whether or not temporary suspension of androgen deprivation might delay the emergence of castration resistant prostate cancer and concomitantly improve quality of life. Until now, no phase III ...
Chen Lin - - 2013
Digestive tract reconstruction is the main part of gastrointestinal surgery. With the rapid development of technology and widely application in stapling device, more and more surgeons are using stapled anastomosis. Stapled anastomosis is associated with shorter operating time and hospital stay than hand-sewn anastomosis. However, it is not easy to ...
Bista Baba B Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Cariology and Operative Dentistry, Department of Oral Health Sciences and Global Center of Excellence Program, 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8549, - - 2013
ABSTRACT. This study aimed to nondestructively evaluate sealing performance of eight one-step self-etch adhesives (1-SEAs) using optical coherence tomography (OCT). The two-step self-etch adhesive (2-SEA) served as the control. Round tapered class-I cavities (D=4 mm, H=2 mm) were prepared in bovine incisors, treated with each adhesive (n=5), and restored with ...
Zakareia Faten A - - 2013
To investigate the role of an apoptotic marker soluble fatty acid synthase (s-Fas) antigen in children with autism and its correlation to disease severity. The study was conducted between May 2011 and April 2012 at the Department of Physiology and Autism Research and Treatment Center (ARTC) at King Khalid University ...
Liang Yue-Xiang - - 2013
To elucidate the necessity of No.14v lymph node dissection in D2 lymphadenectomy for advanced gastric cancer. Clinicopathological data of 131 cases of advanced gastric cancer receiving D2 or D2+ plus No.14v lymph node dissection were reviewed retrospectively. Clinicopathological factors associated with No.14v lymph node metastasis were analyzed and prognostic value ...
Khallad Yacoub - - 2013
Sociodemographic (gender and socioeconomic status) and personality (dispositional self-consciousness) correlates of risk behavior (smoking, seatbelt nonuse, vehicular speeding) and physical symptom reporting were assessed in a sample of Jordanian college students. Statistically significant correlations were found between gender and both risk behavior and physical symptom reporting. Female participants were more ...
McElhaney Janet E - - 2013
The decrease in influenza vaccine efficacy in the elderly is associated with a decline in the stimulation of cell-mediated and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte responses required for clinical protection against influenza, and may be particularly problematic when this population is administered split-virus vaccines that lack conserved viral proteins. Adjuvants, which act through ...
Moser Christian - - 2013
The basic concept of virosomes is the controlled in vitro assembly of virus-like particles from purified components. The first generation of influenza virosomes developed two decades ago is successfully applied in licensed vaccines, providing a solid clinical safety and efficacy track record for the technology. In the meantime, a second ...
Sartor Chiara - - 2013
We report a case of a patient affected by juvenile polyposis and hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia linked to a SMAD4 mutation who developed acute lymphoblastic leukemia positive for the Philadelphia chromosome translocation and with a complex karyotype. During the treatment with the tyrosine kinase inhibitor dasatinib the patient presented recurrent severe ...
Malmberg L Pekka - - 2013
The respiratory outcomes after preterm birth have changed, and it is unclear whether increased airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) later in childhood is associated with airway inflammation. To investigate the association between AHR and fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO), including the alveolar concentration of nitric oxide, in school-age children with very low ...
Smith Siwaporn Meejoo - - 2013
Calcined bovine bone waste was employed to catalyze the transesterification reaction between soybean oil and methanol. The influence of various conditions on the efficiency of the transesterification was studied i.e. type of reactor, temperature, catalyst loading and methanol/oil ratio. The optimum yield of methyl ester (97%) was obtained by performing ...
Cattoni Alessandro - - 2013
We report on a case of delayed hemolytic transfusion reaction (DHTR) occurred 7 days after an erythrocytapheresis or eritroexchange procedure (EEX) treated with rituximab and glucocorticoids in a 15-years old patient with sickle cell disease. EEX was performed despite a previous diagnosis of alloimmunization, in order to reduce hemoglobin S ...
Bauer Cindy S - - 2013
Few reports have documented the uncommon association of the female menstrual cycle with anaphylaxis, an entity known as cyclic or catamenial anaphylaxis. To examine cases of perimenstrual anaphylaxis, focusing on differences in presentation and response to treatment, in the hopes of enriching the description of this rare entity. A cohort ...
Sakurai Yoshihiko - - 2013
Development of factor VIII (fVIII)-neutralizing antibodies, called inhibitors, is a challenging problem in the management of hemophilia A patients. We explored the possibility of pretreatment with apoptotic fVIII-expressing embryonic stem (ES) cells to prevent the development of fVIII inhibitors. Murine ES cells integrated with the human F8 gene were differentiated ...
Ebihara Yasuhiro - - 2013
Pneumothorax is very rare after early phase of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and usually accompanied with pulmonary chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), such as bronchiolitis obliterans and bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia. The present study describes the case of a seventeen-year-old male diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia who underwent allogeneic bone ...
Fujishima Hiroshi - - 2013
Eosinophils appear to be key cells in the pathogenesis of conjunctival inflammation in atopic keratoconjunctivitis (AKC). Chemoattractant receptor homologous molecule expressed on TH2 cells (CRTH2) mediates prostaglandin D2 (PGD2)-dependent migration of eosinophils. However, it is unclear whether CRTH2/PGD2-dependent eosinophil migration is upregulated in allergic diseases. To compare the chemotactic responses ...
Sartor Chiara - - 2013
We report a case of a 65-year old patient affected by neurofibromatosis 1, documented by the presence of germ-line mutation on the NF1 gene, who developed various hyperproliferative malignant and benign diseases. He was brought to our attention for the diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia revealed by major fatigue and ...
Jang Eunjin - - 2013
Although virulence factors from pathogenic bacteria have been proposed as promising industrial enzymes, characterization and application of these enzymes have been still unexplored. The objective of this study was to identify and characterize virulence factors from pathogenic bacteria for industrial applications. Here, a virulence factor (EfEstA) from Enterococcus faecalis was ...
Pigatto Gisele - - 2013
Tyrosinase activity of mushroom extracts was checked for their ability to degrade phenol. Phenol oxidation kinetics was investigated varying temperature from 10 to 60°C and the initial values of pH, enzyme activity and phenol concentration in the ranges 4.5-8.5, 1.43-9.54U/mL and 50-600mg/L, respectively. Thermodynamic parameters of phenol oxidation and tyrosinase ...
Wen Qinxue - - 2013
Microalga Chlorella protothecoides can accumulate high proportion of lipids during the heterotrophic growth with glucose as the carbon source. However, its commercial application is restricted due to the high cost of the carbon source. In this study, the wasted activated sludge (WAS) was hydrolyzed after ultrasonic pre-treatment and the hydrolyzate ...
Ives-Deliperi Victoria L VL Department of Human Biology, University of Cape Town, South Africa. - - 2013
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is commonly applied to study the neural substrates of language in clinical research and for neurosurgical planning. fMRI language mapping is used to assess language lateralisation, or determine hemispheric dominance, and to localise regions of the brain involved in language. Routine fMRI has been introduced ...
Black Samantha S Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine, University of Cape Town, South Africa. - - 2013
Antiretroviral therapy (ART) in pregnancy is a crucial intervention in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV. It is recognised that mother-to-child transmission is reduced with each week on ART. However, in most South African settings, ART initiation is delayed owing to slow determination of treatment eligibility and separation ...
Sun Fei - - 2013
Reductive degradation of choramphenicol (CAP) using Bioelectrochemical system (BES) with both abiotic cathode and biocathode was investigated. It was found that the CAP reduction efficiency during the first 24h reached 86.3% of the biocathode group, while which was only 62.9% in the case of abiotic cathode. Except for the cathode ...
Yang Sen - - 2013
This study used two anoxic/oxic sequencing batch reactors (A/O SBRs) respectively with pulse-feed (PF-SBR) and step-feed (SF-SBR) to investigate the effects of step-feed on partial nitrifying granules. The stable partial nitrification lasted 111 and 139days in PF-SBR and SF-SBR, and then gradually switched to full nitrification. Granules in both reactors ...
Yazıcı Işıl I Department of Neurology, Izmır Tepecık Educatıonal and Research Hospıtal , Izmir, - - 2013
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic disease characterized by multiple areas of central nervous system inflammation, demyelination and axonal loss. Hereditary spastic paraparesis (HSP) is characterized clinically by progressive spasticity and weakness of the lower limbs and pathologically by retrograd axonal degeneration of the corticospinal tracts and posterior columns. We ...
Kennedy Margaret M Division of Hematology/Oncology, The Western Pennsylvania Hospital, Pittsburgh, - - 2013
Infectious mononucleosis is a clinical syndrome characterized by fever, lymphadenopathy and pharyngitis. Neurologic complications of infectious mononucleosis, such as the development of Guillain-Barre syndrome, have been rarely reported and usually present late in the course of the disease. We describe a case of a 29 year old male with no ...
Finsterer Josef J Krankenanstalt - - 2013
Sporadic inclusion body myositis (sIBM) usually manifests with painless weakness of the hand, finger and hip flexors. Absence of symptoms or signs, but mild hyper-CK-emia as the sole manifestation of IBM, has not been reported. We report the case of a 73-year-old male who presented with asymptomatic recurrent hyper-CK-emia ranging ...
Mohebi Nafiseh N Department of Neurology, Rasool-e-Akram Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences , Tehran, - - 2013
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most prevalent central nervous system demyelinating disease. There are known risk factors for MS. However, there is uncertainty in its protective factors. Few studies have demonstrated that some chronic infections may have protective effects on this disease. We carried this study to investigate the relation ...
Kohno Naoto N Department of Neurology, Ohda Municipal Hospital , - - 2013
We report the case of a 64-year old man who presented memory disturbance, low-grade fever, weight loss, and bilateral hand tremors for three months. He was diagnosed with non-herpetic acute limbic encephalitis (NHALE). Follow-up magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed new lesions after symptomatic improvement following steroid pulse therapy. This may ...
Finsterer Josef J Krankenanstalt Rudolfstiftung , Vienna, - - 2013
Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome (MDS) is usually a severe disorder of infancy or childhood, due to a reduced copy number of mtDNA molecules. MDS with only mild, nonspecific clinical manifestations and onset in adulthood has not been reported. A 47-year-old Caucasian female with short stature and a history of migraine, ...
Schoeman Mardelle M Division of Molecular Biology and Human Genetics, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa. - - 2013
Genetic testing for BRCA mutations has been available in the Western Cape of South Africa since 2005, but practical implementation of genetic counselling and testing has been challenging. To describe an approach to breast cancer genetic counselling and testing developed in a resource-constrained environment at Tygerberg Hospital in Cape Town, ...
Grote Stefan - - 2013
Knowledge of local bone quality is essential for surgeons to determine operation techniques. A device for intraoperative measurement of local bone quality has been developed by the AO-Research Foundation (Densi - Probe®). We used this device to experimentally measure peak breakaway torque of trabecular bone in the proximal femur and ...
Chuck Christopher J - - 2013
In this investigation ozonolysis in the presence of ethanol was used to depolymerise lignin, resulting in a low conversion of oxygenated aromatics over short reaction times, or a range of saturated esters over 24h. Short chain oxygenates can be used as fuel additives, displacing a percentage of a hydrocarbon fuel ...
Kim Dong-Hoon - - 2013
"Solubilization (SCOD/TCOD, chemical oxygen demand (COD), %)" is generally used as an indicator for the pretreatment effectiveness in anaerobic digestion (AD) of excess sludge. In the present work, ultrasonic (irradiation 5-60min) and alkaline pretreatments (pH 9-13) were applied to excess sludge individually and in combination. Biological methane potential tests were ...
López-González D - - 2013
Combustion characteristics of biomass main components and three lignocellulosic biomass (fir wood, eucalyptus wood and pine bark) were investigated by thermogravimetric analysis coupled with mass spectrometry. The combustion of biomass was divided into two main steps, devolatilization and char oxidation stage. Heating rate effect was also studied. Generally, the higher ...
Lu Hui-Feng - - 2013
Digital macro photography and settling tests were carried out to investigate the morphological and settling characteristics of ANAMMOX granules in a high-rate reactor. The ANAMMOX granules could be divided into settling and floating granules. The settling granules with an average diameter of 2.96±0.99mm were smaller than the floating granules with ...
Jiang Xu - - 2013
In this study, a newly isolated alkaliphile Exiguobacterium sp. strain 8-11-1 was used to produce optically pure l-lactate. With an initial glucose concentration of 80g/L, a high overall l-lactic acid productivity of 8.15g/L/h was achieved using NaOH as a neutralizing agent. The fed-batch fermentations were carried out under both sterile ...
Wang Zhi-Peng - - 2013
In this study, after screening of 9 fungal strains for their ability to produce calcium malate, it was found that Penicillium sclerotiorum K302 among them could produce high-level of calcium malate. Under the optimal conditions, the titer of calcium malate in the supernatant was 88.6g/l at flask level. During 10-l ...
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